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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 13, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> fding of this presentatio is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. s weip away everything that stands in the way to reveal newl possibities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern ap to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams.
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your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news amera." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. at the u.n., warnings that the cold war maye returning with a vengeance. the u.s. blames moscow for rising tensions over syria. ambassador haley: no one buying its lies and its coverups. russia was supposed to guarantee that assad wouldn't use chemical weapons, and russia did thesi op. jane: in his new book, formeror fbi direct james comey calls the president unethical ander unteth from the truth. mr. trump says comey is a slimeball. and this all-woman team is getting ready to trek to the north pole.
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but where they come from will help build bridg. jane:elcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the world. a new cold war is back with a vee, according to the u.n. secretary-general today. he warned that tensions over syria could lead the world to ll-blown military escalation. russia claims it has irrefutable evidence that an allegedem al attack in syria was staged as part of an anti-russia campaign. the u.s., u.k., and france are still considering a possible military response. or diplomatic correspondent james robbins star coverage. james: douma's firmly back under syrian government control. this is the ruined town where it is alleg president assad's forces used chemical weapons a
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week ago. these are the pictures of childrennd babies in the desperate attempts to watch them. tonight the united states is safe for the first time it has proved that presidentad a's regime is responsible. the state department says it has a very high level of confidence in its assessment. >> we know for a fact it was a chemical weapon, we know there are only certain countries like syria that have delivery mechanisms. >> would you say today that the u.s. has proved this was the syrian regime? and we continue to look at the information, we continue to gather information and further assess it. but russia makes a very different accusation, that the alleged attack was faked by the syrian opposition working with british spies. >> in fact, we have irrefutable data that this wasnother staged event which involved special serves of one of the untries trying very hard to be
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at the forefront of the anti-russian. britain callsgr that aresque, blatant lie. , warnings that the tension between could spiral out of control. guterres: theral cold war is back, with a difference. the mechanis and safeguards that mitigated the risk of escalation in the past no longer seem to be present. james: the united states says d has not deci military action, but the evidence points to the use of chemical weapons by assad in the war at least 50 times. ambassadoraley: all nations and all people will be harmed if we allow assad to normalize the use of chemical apons. james: syria's ambassador painted a very different picture esof wtern powers fabricating a case to justify a for impose regime change.
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ee>> those tountries, the u.s., britain, and france, if they think they can attack us to , attack our sovereignty, we would have no choice but to u.assert our right in th charter to defend ourselves. james: the west rejects that, sl what could theary response involve? the americans have t donald cook in the mediterranean, and it could hit syrian targets with cruise missiles. they could be supported by british tornadoes in cyprus. then the french have their frigate, as well as french inghter jets based in jordan. u.s. and u.k. subm are in the region, too, armed with cruise missiles. no one is suggesti there has to be confrontation with the russians, but they have antimissile defense systems at 2 airbases in syria, with a rae capable of reaching cyprus. the russians have an unknownmb of fighter jets in the region. whatever precisely happened in
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douma, russia's defense ministry accuses britain directly of organizing it. the u.s. s assad regime is responsible. the war of words ierlouder than any military steps are still unknown. james robbins, bbc news. hene: for more on the perspective fromiddle east, i spoke a short time ago to our chief international correspondent lyse doucet in beirut, and i asked if she sensed people there were getting readyor an imminent attack. lyse: well, this is a region h whs already tense even before this latest crisis. and certainly there nervousness here in lebanon. stfrom where i ading it is a few hours drive to damascus. there is a really strong sense that this time, if and when the bestrikes come, they wil targeting more than just one area, one set of assets. there will be many targets. on the exceptionally tangled i battlefield thsyria, that carries risks for all of the allies of president asnd
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that includes lebanon's hezbollah fighters, fighting tens of thousands across the border in syria, and iran. iran has been moving revolutionary guard officers and advisors out of syria into neighboring iraq, and hezbollah fighters are also moving to safer locations, preparing for those strikes, and notanting like we sarecently when there were other strikes in syria by israel, that iranians were also killed in the targeting.ne there is this real concern of escalation. how worried are people in thebo region that?lw lyse: there iss the risk of an escalation when you have in syria these wars within wars. etthere is the main battleen president assad's forces and his allies and those of the opposition and their many backers. there are many, many proxy wars,
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including ones i have alrey hinted at between iran and neighboring israel, and that includes the lebanese hezbollah fighters, between iran and saudi arabia. tensions were already running high on th this latest crisis erupted. there is a concern that if there is any kind of increase in tension, it could -- there is the risk of an even wider escalation. it is fair to say nobody wants a war, but everybody is aware that there is the risk of a wider one. jane: let's get the view from capitol hill. i spoke earlier to congressman steve russell of oklahoma. he sits on the house armed services comttee. congressman, thank you very much for joining me. do you tnk there should be military retaliation for the suspected chemical attack, and do you support u.s. military strikes? rep. russell: i think the question all of us have to ask is if every nation on e planet
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has signed to ban the use of chemical weapons, why would any of us not be looking to hold those accountable? onthe u.s. has drated it will act unilaterally, but i think we will see that nations,l friends,s, responsible countries in the world, they alt want to see soe of action to hold people accountable. i think that will be forthcoming. jane: but specifically military rikes -- donald trump ha tweeted to the russians that the missiles are coming. do you support that? rep.ussell: i think what we have to ask is how can we prevent thcapacity to do chemical attacks and use chemical weapons against innocent humanity. that really cannot be answered diplomatically. it has obviously failed. en in a warning strike or preparatory strike, as we have seen before, that would be a deterrent -- obviously, that is not working. you employ your la n instruments
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ional power or international power when all the other instruments have failed, i and in this cais probably only a military option that will reduce the capacity se crimes against humanity. jane: as you just pointed out, it hasn't worked in the past, so what has changed? rep. rsell: actually, it has worked in the past, and with our strike, yohave a pattern of behavior with bashar al-assad where if he stilcontinues nting to pursue these lines, but if you look back in the history of syria, everything from chemical weapons storage tl r site development to different things they are using on airfields, military strikes have been very, very effective at reducing those caties and diminishing his ability to use these barbaric weapons. jane: congressman, what are your linstituents telling you? do they support ry intervention in syria? rep. russell: if you ft as military intervention, that
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opens up a broad definition. military intervention for what -- to fight isis, to fight barbaria that are sawing off people's heads on television, burning people in cages, shooting them ineaches, whatever? steople say, yeah, that has got to stop. in the same way, chemical attacks on humanity, that has got to stop. but at is different when you are addressing specific outcomes, specific purposes, as opposed to some open-ended commitment to be involved in somebody's territory.wh jane about russia's role in all of this? a growing number of cabinet officials are pointing the plnger squarely at russia, calling russia cit for allowing syria to retain chemical weapons. do you think russia should be punished, too? rep. russell: i think russia has silot to answer for, and r would find itself in a very difficult place if we see civilized nations in the world fight back against these barbaric acts.
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they will have to be defending the opposite, defending this icregime, defending the ch attacks, defending these types of things. that is a very difficult positi. . putin wants respect and he will take it positive or negative. but the negatives on that are probably too high for his liking. russia will find itself in at difficace to defend any of these actions by syria, and then iran of course would have no credibility on the issue one way ev the other. jane: congressman russell, thank you for joining us. rep. russell: my pleasure. jane: a look at some of the day's other news. protest her husband killed and hundreds of others wounded ring the limit -- latest demonstrations at the gaza border with israel. the israelis say there were a chance breach the avily fortified boundary and firearms were thrown. the palestinians have been staging protests to demand that refugees be allowed to return to former homes in israel.
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the youngest daughter of the chairman of korean air apologized following a report that she threw a bottle of water at the head of the airline' advertising agency. the faly previously made the stheadlines one a si through attention in the manner she was served nuts on board one of the countries jets. otests are growing in media after the brutal gang rape and murder of an eight-year-old girl. eight men from the majority hindu community have been borested. in a fomistnd in indian-stered kashmir in january. they have publicly clashed before, but the war of words between president trump and former fbi director james comey is reaching new levels. it comes ahead of mr. comey's book which is being released next week, and tre is no love lost here. president trump famously doesn't read books, so his furus twitter outburst this morning was more likely prompted by seeing his former fbi director on tv discussing an infamous
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dossier. . comey: the allegation was he had been involved in prostitutes in a hotel in moscow during the miss universe pageant, and the russians had filmed the episode, and he interrupted very defensively and started talking about "do i look like a guy who needs hookers?" jane: mr. comey never got on with the president, whom he describes in his book as unethical and untethered to the truth. mr. trump i't holding back, either, tweeting, "james comey is a proven leakernd liar. he is a weak and untruthful slimeball who was a terrible director of the fbi." t firing mr. comey in the middle of an fbi investigation into russian interference in the 2016 election field allegations -- fueled allegations that the president waobattempting to ruct justice. it also prompted the appointment of the special counsel rober p mueller, whossure probe is -- whose russia probe is gathering momentum.
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mr. comey's book reportedly does atnot reveal much about th, but it gives a scathing account of a president he clearly despises in , sparking immediate rebuttals from the white house. sarah sanders: the american people see through the blatant lies of a self-admted leaker. jane: this is not the first time mr. comey has become the center of attention. following his firing, he appeared before coress in a televised hearing that attracted almost 20 million viewers. his book, to be released on tuesday, is already abe -seller. a brief time ago i discussed all of this with our north america reporter anthony zurcher. they don't like each other, that much is clear, but what are we learning from the book? anthony: a lot of what we are learning from the book so far is what we already knew, but new details about it -- about the meeting they had in the oval office where donald trump pulled
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comey aside and said, back off the investigation, that dinner where he asked if he was loyal. no real bombshells yet. we heard about a phone call comey had with john kelly, who was head of the meland security department, now chief of staff, where kelly said he wanted to resign because comey was fired and comey said no, you need to stay on for the good of the country. those are inresting tidbits, but if we are looking for something explosive we didn't know before, it is not really there. it is more comey editorializing about loyalty and leader how he views the president. jane: nevertheless, it is pretty distracting for the president. an heard his twitter outburst already. ony: oh, yeah, from multiple tweetsal today, this is on d trump's mind. not particularly surprising,lie doesn' being criticized. here is someone he sees as a showboater and a grandstander opining about the legitimacy of his esidency and leadership. it has gotten under donskd trump'. the white house is pushing back
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on this. meanwhile, we're talking about bombing syria, talking about cohen, donald trump's personal lawyer being investigated. all of these sorts of things are swirling around and it has got to be a ge distraction. jane: james comey has his own detractors and not all of them are sitting in the white house. ok will you think the do to his reputation? anthony: the book is comey's account, so it is a pretty good picture of him. these are his words. there is a certain amount of self reflection. he h talks about whethtook poll numbers too much into consideration when he handled the clinton investigation, the revelations before election day. i think what is really going to be interesting are the ngterviews coming up, because that is comey hao respond to pressure from people. he will be asked about things about fbi bias, and all that will come out. jane: a lot of them on the way. anthony zurcher, thank you very much. you are america."bc world news still to come on tonight's program, three months ago they were spent scrambling for cover.
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residents of hawaii tell us about the false waing that caused such concern. when you think of new york in the 1960's and 1970's, one place that may come to mind is the chelsea hotel. it was a hangout for celebrities and artists including andy warhol, bob dylan, and janis joplin. now in an unusual option, 50 of up hotel's doors are going for sale, each a memento of a isw york that no longer exts. , anrter: famous, infamous iconic location on the streets of manhattan. the chelsea hotel has so many stories to tell. many of them were told behind these stores. th are not all that much to look at now. worn out, the paint peeling off.
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s but history de in the rooms they opened to. >> you have the door to edie sedgwick's warhol films "chelsea girls." mo wrote the enly popular novel "look homeward angel." janis joplin and leonard cohen cohabitated together in their room. bob dylan wrote "blonde on blonde" in this room, one of his most beloved albums. >> ♪ i'm waiting for my man ♪ 1884, theopening in chelsea hotel became a refuge for writers, artists, musicians, and eccentrics. it was a place where gat work was created, where people fell in love. it was even a place where lives were lost. lsas for the che hotel lies empty.
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the owners say it is being redeveloped. iperhaps when it reopenwill have new stories to tl. jane: earlier this week, president trump said plans are going forward to meet with north koan leader kim jong-un in may or early june. it is hoped the discussions will lead to the end of t nuclear weapons program. that is a far cry from where things stood three months ago, when a false alert sent the liresidents of hawaii scra. many thought a missile was coming, and prepared for t worst. we went to hear their stories and the lingering memories of that day. >> i read the emergency alert that said "missile is headed our e y, attack is imminent."
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we just kind of frd looked at each other and said, "is this real?" i'm a kindergarten teacher, and we had for the first time ever my 16 years of teaching drill at came through from the state for a nuclear attack. so what was on my mind, because i had a loof questions from five-year-olds, and it is really hard to explain that. >> that is diamond head over there. waikiki. i got the text that everybody is talking about. the first thing i did was check with the other nurses on the floor to see if they got it. t k out the disaster manual and tried to do whatever we could do to prepare for mass casualties. i know we only had about 15, 20 minutes. i didn't know what we could do. after having been through hiroshima and nagasaki, more than one occasion, part of me was, well, if this is real, i
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would rather jt die. i don't want to live through that, to be quite honest. >> 10 years ago, certainly 20 yes ago, no one would fear a missile attack. isthe reality is that ther threat from this, and that is the failure in terms of diplomacy and foreign policy. the fact that it was a false alarm, it weakens trust and credibility in government. and it als -- we are worried that because it was a false alarm, if something were real to happen, somewhat would not necessarily believe and act accordingly. >> i do think there was things that could have happened quicker or not at all to prevent the worry that now is over everyone's head. i note there is definitely a it is not something i wake up in
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the morning and think about. i just kind of try and live my life, because i cannn live my lifear. stilla false alarm, but clearly pretty terrifying. from hawaihe arctic, where an all-woman team is preparing to trek to the north pole this week. it is not just their gthder, but wher come from that makes the journey special. bringing together participants from europe and the middle east, they are hoping to improvebe understandineen the two different cultures and inspire a younr generation of girls. the bbc traveled to norway as they made their final preparations. reporter: training in the arctic, these women from the west and the east are preparing to ski to the north pole. they are a long way from home. some have traveled from the deserts the arabian peninsula, others from european cities. >> there seems to be this
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disconnect bween particularly women in arabic and european cultures. i wanted to put together an expedition to explore that a bit and hopefully to provide insight. reporter: the 10-day expedition is going to be tough.sk iing for up to eight hours a day in freezing temperatures and the threat of polar bears. most have never tried anything like it.th >> i kne is something i wanted to do. i wanted to get out of my comfort zone.ch i wanted tlenge myself when it comes to the cold weather and see how far i could push myself. >> temperatures are -40, open waters -- these are all the challenges, and then also, on putting up a tent on floating ice. reporter: these are women from very different backgrounds -- a marine biologist from france, businesswoman from saudi arabia, even a member of qatar's ruling family.
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but if they want to get to the north pole, they need to work together. >> just being around different women from different cultures taught me a lot about myself and a lot about who they are. reporter: the euro-arabian team has been preparing for this expedition for the past two years, meeting in the deserts of oman and the glaciers of iceland, to survive in harsh conditions, but also about each other's culture. >> very interesting to ask irestions about how they live in their country, teligion, their culture. rerter: this expedition wi be a memorable experienc even histori the arabian women will be the first from their countries to trek to the top of the world. they hope other women will follow in their footsteps. jane:t wgreat idea. i must say, i would be torn
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between wanting to see a polar bear and not wanting to see a polar bear. you will be able to find all the day's news on our website. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america."ee have a great wkend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical v work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can tr download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything thatan in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your oweams. your tomorrow is purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. pt
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caning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening. i'm john yang. judy woodrf is away. on the newshour tonight: james comey tells all..b the former. director slams the president in a new memoir detailing his meetings with him. then, markhields and david brooks are here. we discuss the fallout from comey's claims, and what speaker paul ryan's departure ans for the g.o.p. plus, what's in a face? a look at david hockney'new series of 82 portraits and why, after all these years, he's still fascinated with capturing the human spirit. >> i know the argument about "painting is dead." but painting can't die, because photography is not good enough. >> yang: all that and more, on

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