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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 30, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america."f >> fundingis presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it startwith a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the y to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your g.ls, your drea your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america."fr reportin washington, i'm jane o'brien. israel's prime minister says iran has been lying about a secret nuclear weapons program, using what he calls tehran's on files as proof. pm netanyahu: incriminating presentations, incri, nating blueprincriminating photos, incriminating videos, and more. jane: a day of violence across afghanistan. dozens are kild in separate attacks. a number of journalists are among the dead. going to the ends of thearth to fight climate change. what scientists are hoping to find from a glacier in antarctica that is the size of britain.
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welcome to our viewers on publicis teln in america and around the globe. iran lied big-time -- that is tacording to israeli prime minister benjamin ahu, who has accused the country of a secret nuclear weapons program. during an elaborate presentation, mr. netanyahu said raeli intelligence agent seized 55,000 pages of documents and tens of thousands of files that show iran misled the world about its nuclear ambition. iran has dismissed the claims as -- the accusations as a rehashing of old claims, but mr. netanyahu was insistent that israel's proof was irrefutable. pm netanyahu: iran lied about never having a nuclear weapons program. 100,000 secr files proof that they lied. second, even after the deal, c
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irtinued to preserve and expand its nuclear weapons knowhow for future use. why would a terrorist regime hide and meticulously catalogue f its secret nuclear filest to use them at a later date? jane: president trump has about two more weeks to decide whether to sck with the nuclear deal at the white house today he said he was still making up his mind. president trp: they are not sitting back idly. ey're setting off missiles which they say are for television purposes. i don't think so. so we will see what happens. i'm not telling you what i'm doing, but a lot of people think they know. and on or before the 12th, well ake a decision. that doesn't mean we won't negotiate a real agreement. jane:lo for more on the o for the iran nuclear deal, i spoke earlier with zalmay khalilzad, former ambassador to the united nations. first of all, how credible do
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you think these israeli claims are? zalmay: they are credible in terms of demonstting that iran did have a military nuclear program before the agreement, that they were working on nuclear fuses, nuclear weapons design, highly enriched uranium, all the things that you need if you have a dedicated military program. but israel was not sayg that iran had been violating the agreement and carrying out the activities now, but it was saying that should it decideo get out of the agreement or should the agreement lapse -- there is a timeline for when different parts of the agreement finishes -- then it could quickly go to a nuclear weapons program that is preserving the scale, the knowledge that it acquired before the agreement. jane: so why make this allegation now? why offer this proof, as israel
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says, now? zalmay: i don't know for sure why, but we know that trump is considering his options of ether to get out of the agreement,o continue this uncertainty about whether we will stay in it or get out, unless european allies come up to remedies for thproblems or flaws the agreement has. maybe the timing related to the decision the united states will make in coming days. jane: how much leverage does the u.s. actually have if it does decide to renegotiate? h zalmay: considerable leverage, but not as much as when we were together with our allies and with china and russia. right now what has changed is the iranian domestic situation with an economy literally in freefall. e political situation ha gotten a lot worse.
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and so even american-only sanctions would have a lot of negative impact, but would not have as much of an impact as if we were together before. if fact that -- if att tme we appreciated the leverage we cohad to wd have gotten a better agreement than we did. jane: thatil was zalmay khd,. former ubassador to the one, and we will hear from him shortly. a series of attacks in afghanistan have killed a number of people including journalisthm bbc reporter shah was among the dead. he was just 29 years old. the bbc has paid tribute to his work and said it is supporting his family at this difficult time. media since the fall of the taliban. this report from richard galpin. richard: this morning in kabul, the aftermath of twin attacks in what is supposed to be a secure
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area known as the green zone, leaving dozens either dead or injured. the second blast killing nine afghan journalists gathered here to report on the earlier bombing near the u.s. embassy and afghan intelligence headquarters. on foot who was reportedly having a camera in his hand, he approached journalists, and that is wheis he detonatedxplosives aivice, and that was such a deliberate attack t journalists. richard: among those killed was a veteran photographer for the ench news agency afp. he covered the turbulent events in his country for 22 years. many of the other jourlists who lost their lives were much younger. this was the deadliest attack on the afghan media forecades. but also today in a separate
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incident, bbc journalist ahmad shah was shot dead in the east of the country. b he hn working for the pashtu service for more than a year. he was 29 and engaged to be married. on top of all this, there tsve been reporoday from the buthern province of kandahar that a suicide cber killedld 11 cn at a religious school. the target was apparently meant to have been a convoy of troops. th wave of attacks by militants in recent months comes despite an attempt by e government here to reach out to the taliban, offering peace talks. what happened today is yet another setback. >> it makes it much difficult for the govement to strengthen the national consensus on peace and reconciliation when you see such an attack. but our efforts will continue, and also starting the peace negotiation and peace process is not like a switch to turn on and off. it is a long process.
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richard: but at the moment, it seems both the taliban and so-called islamic stine are determ to sow chaos acrossy, the counot least because the elections are due to be held later this year. richard galpin, bbc news. jane: for moron this, i turned again to my guest zalmay khalilzad, who among his many postings served as u.s. ambassador to afghanistan. why do you think the situation is deteriorating? zalmay: i think that on the counterinsurgency side, the new strategy witmore forces on the ground, new authorities given to the commander, the taliban has been under a lot of pressure, and things are somewhat more positive, although there is a -- there are differences inen diffparts of the country. but when it comes to isis or some group like isis that is carrying out these terrorist
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attacks against population centers such as what happened today in kabul, a very terrible day, i believe that going after isis, which we are doing, the united states is doing, is actually the number one priority of the commander. but one needs to plan for population protection, and that requires a different strategy, different plan, different technologies even. i think the enemy is adapting to the change. now it is the afghan coalition' turnapt to this thread by focusing on population protection more. jane: ambassador, thank you. zalmay: thank you very much. jane: during the press conference we mentioned earlier, oesident trump said he had been monitoring a caravlatin american immigrants who arrived at the u.s. border on sunday.
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he once again criticized what ha s america's weak and pathetic immigration laws. the fate of those migrants remains uncertain, as james cook reports from the mexican side or the bo james: they came to the border on the beach to drown out the words of donald trump. supporters of the migrant caravan insisting on compassion, not dcility, at the sea washe gates of the world''s m powerful nation. we see people have gathered both on the american side of the border and here on the mexican side, and they have co t to stand,hey say, in solidarity with the migrants making their way up through mexico the past month, and who very soon face a decision as to wther to seek tried to claim asylum in the united states. their journey through mexico has been arduous, and such a long journey -- more than a month on
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the rails and the roads. they say they are escaping persecution in central america. this mother says she fled guatemala with her two-year-old son because she feared the boy's father was going to kill him. >> it was hard. we suffered on the way. we came across good people andop bad . thank god we are here. many people supported us, helped us. but it hurts to leave my country. >> we had to bury some of ourla ves before we left. my father was one of them. he was tortured. many peoe think we left cause we are criminals.
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we're not criminals. we're people living in fear in our countries. all we want is a place where our children can run free. president trump: are you watching that mess that is going on right now with the caravan coming up? james: president trump says the caravan is linked to crime and drugs and must be stopped.en prestrump: if we don't get border security, we will have no choice. we will close down the country,e becauseed border security. james: defiant, desperate, they pushed on anyway. but at the border they were told there was no room to process their claims. this day on the road ended like so many others, with nothing morehan american dreams. james cook, bbc news, on the u.s.-mexico border. jane: a look now at the days of the news -days other news.
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the british government has appointed a new home secretary following a row about immigration targets. the sunst of pakii bus driver succeeded amber rudd, who resigned on sunday. theut resignation ps prime minister theresa may under huge pressure after losing her fourth cabinet minister in months. adult film actress stormys daniels led a defamation lawsuit against u.s. president donald trump. she is suing him over a recent tweet that according to ms. daniels falsely attacks her truthfulness. sh saimr. trump lied by that her reaim of being ened was a total con job. mr. trump denied an affair. postcard from jack the ripper is assaulted an option, it was sent1888, the year of five confirmed murders, with two more toome. myanmar's leader aung san suuky met with the un's secretary council envoys to discuss the
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fate of 700,000 rohingya refugees who fled to bangladesh. ms. suu kyi pledged to investigate any credible claims of abuse by the myanmar military. that is according thediplomats ofeeting, but earlier at a visit to the migrant camps in bangladesh, the delegation was surrounded by people begging for help. rebecca lee reports. rebecca: abandoned, afraid, and with uncertain futures, these rohingya women broke down and pleaded for help as they shared their stories with mbers of e un security council visiting the refugee camp. >> the delegation came yesterday. they've seen our sorrows. we want their support so that we can get justice from the torture if wermese military,nd get back out property and land, we will go there. we want justice. otherwise, we will not go there.
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rebecca: rape, murder, and arson attacks are among the atrocitieb sufferhundreds of thousands of rohingya people forced to flee myanmar's rakhine state and now sck in makeshift camps on the myanmar-bangladesh border. ey we are standing here to demand justice as illed our men and tortured our women so much. we are compelled to seek justice for those abuses. rebecca: the security council is there to meet with the prime minister of bangladesh and myanmar's leader aung san suu kyi. >> it is a combination of enormous distress and sympathy for what those poor women and those poor children have been through and are still going through, and it is enormous horror that other human beings could put them through that. and i think it shows the scaleen of the cha as we try -- as -- as we try as the security
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council to find some way through for these poor people to go home. rebecca: as monsoon season draws clter, there are concerns t it will worsen the crisis. >> the bangladeshi government has certainly done an incredible job to try to meet the needs of the population, but it is going to be a disaer when the rains come. rebecca: the united nations has n as aned the situat ethnic cleansing of the mainly muslim rohingya, accusations that the myanmar government denies. the u.n. now hopes they can work together to resolve the crisis ande for needs of thffering of the rohingya people. the suffering of the rohingya peoplbc rebecca lee,ews. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, trying to level the playing field.s why a debateing in india and beyond over the pay gap between male and female cricketers.
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ave called it av nuclear titanic. the world's first floating nuclear power plant has set sail from russia. its due to go into service in 2019. the companyth behinproject insists the ship is safe and will provide much-needed energy to remote ars. reporter: you wouldn't exactly call it pretty, but this ship may well turn out to be revolutionary. the floating nuclear power station in russia's remote arctic northeast. they say the reactor on board can generate enough energy for a town of up to 100,000 people. but environmental groups have voiced concerns that this oating power plant could become a floating disaster, something strongly denied by the
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people who built it. "thislo fing unit has amassed all the best characteristics at our nuclear power plants it protects against impacts including man-made >> chernobyl was one of the kfirst records of iind to be built. reporter: for se the russian thorities know all too well what can happen when the pursuit of nuclear energy goes terribly wrong. the ernobyl disaster, which took place inewhat is now ighboring ukraine, wat one of the wosuch events in history. critics fear there is the potential for something similar to happen at sea. the ship was slowly towed out to where itl w field with nuclear material. the ship is expected to go into
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full s operatietime next year. jane: the sporticket has long been noted for its civility, pressed white uniforms, and of course, t breaks.- tea but there has been a storm brewing over the difference in pay between women cricketers and their male counterparts. india has the highest-paid female players in the world. but as rajini vaidyanathan reports, the pay gap elsewhere is one of the biggest in sport. rajini: indian women's cricket captain is now one of the sport's most bankable stars. onthe three of her teammates, shetl recsaw her base salary mored. than trip >> i think it is owned by the players. we have struggled to get where we are.99 inwhen i went to play for india, we did not have sponsorsd
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my dado spend a lot to get me a kit which an international s ayer would want to have. rajini: india'cond place in the women's world cup last year boosted the popularity of the game. but even with her raise, she still gets paid less than half that of a male player th few international caps. england's women might have taken home the troy, but their wages are even lower. on average they ow38% less than the men. the gender gap in cricket is one one of the largest in english sport. >> professional women's cricket is still in its infancy. i think it takes time for the gap to be decreased. when the men's game, it took them together when they are now. rajini more yourself? to get >> we have been in negotiations recently, and in the next few months there will be the findings of that, and hope
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we will be on the right side of that. itjini: women's cricket is growing in popularound the world, but in cricket-crazy countries like here in india, it is still very much a man's game. there are still hugoubarriers that girls face when they want to enter the game. these fans who have come to watch ind's women play england believe higher wages would help overcome cultural stigmas male cricketers face. >> more balance would allow girls to play cricket. >> ihink it is all about economics. the men's cricket is more popular and gets more money. >> it is about equality. i think its about equality. it is not about revenue generation. rajini: news that indian women highest-paid's ght give hope to a new generation of cricketers, but men still get more because thee game makes mney. in cricket, like other walks of life, the debate comes down to
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economics versus equality. rajini vaidyanathan, bbc news, mumbai. jane: it is being billed as the largest project ever undertaken in antarctica. 100 scientists from the u.s. and britain will be analyzing a glaser -- a glacier roughly the size of the.k if the massive body of ice were to melt entirely, it would have a seismic effect on the world's oceans. science editor david shukman reports. david: antarctica is changing. scientists capture the moment that vast chunks of ice break into the ocean. ththere is so much ice herat even if just some of it melts, sea levels will rise around the world. the urgent question is how rapidly the glaciers, the great screens of ice, are moving. sallite pictures already revealed that one of the biggest is shedding huge blocks of ice.
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if the whole lot went,d he sea would nearly a meter higher. this matters for the millions of people who depend onea defenses to keep them safe from the thames barrier in london to the walls of mudngladesh. the key is predicting how fast the sea will rise. >> we foundy definitplace that could uncork the genie in veterms of searise at a much smaller timescale then talked about before, things that would make it difficult for coastalrs plannd cities and countries to react fast enough. david: this latest research wilw focus on ttern edge of antarctica, where a massive glacier, one of the largest on the planet, fws into the ocean. scientists already know that warm seawater is working its way under the front of the eyes, melting it from underneath. they dce't know whether the will totally collapse and raise sea levels. in the next five years they will be measuring the ice from the
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air, checking th glacier's skness by drilling into it from the surface, and using robot submarines to explore what is happening to the ice underwater. the submarines will be entering into a hazardous world, but what they find will forecast the future of sea level. this professor is leading one oh the team will deploy the subs. t is hard to be very sca for us. we are going to be very nervous when we send it under the glacier for the first time. we will be crossing our fingers that it comes back safely. but it is thrilling as a scientist to get somewhere nobodyas made it before. david: but conditions will be unbelievably tough. the glacier could be more -- cannot be more remote, and getting scientistshere will volve one of the largest operations ever mounted in antarctica, and the team have to endure notorious weather. but if thecan help predict the rise of the oceans, they say ith
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is wt. david shukman, bbc news. jane: we will all be waiting eagerly for their findings. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world ne america." ou>> with the bbc news appr vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay -to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing 'slutions for america' neglected needs, and purepoint financial. h do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything thatwa stands in the y to reveal new possibilities. er purepoint financial, we have designed our modapproach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, israel's prime minister claims iran has been lying to the world about its nuclear program, violating the nuclear deal. then, north korean leader kim jong un reportedly vows to abandon his nuclear weapons if the u.s. promises not to attack, as more diplomatic progress paves the way ahead of a historic summit. us, i sit down with former f.b.i. director james comey talk where the russian probe stands today, and revelations from his new book. >> early on, people were seizing on a portion of the book, ara aph where i describe my first impression of trump and people took it, distorted it in my opinion, as if i was takiuy shots at thewhich i wasn't. i tr

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