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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  April 30, 2018 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, israel's prime minister claims iran has been lying to the world about its nuclear program, violating the nuclear deal. then, north korean leader kim jong un reportedly vows to abandon his nuclear weapons if the u.s. promises not to attack, as more diplomatic progress paves the way ahead of a historic summit. us, i sit down with former f.b.i. director james comey talk where the russian probe stands today, and revelations from his new book. >> early on, people were seizing on a portion of the book, ara aph where i describe my first impression of trump and people took it, distorted it in my opinion, as if i was takiuy shots at thewhich i wasn't. i was trying to be an author. >> woodruff: all that and more
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on tonight's pbs newshou un >> major fding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ ving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. >> consumer cellular understands that not everyone needs an unlimited wireless plan. our u.s.-based customer service reps can h based on how much you use your phone, nothing more, nothing
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>> woodruff: decades of tension appear to be easing on the korean peninsula as the northso anh concede on points that have been a source of conflict since the active war ended. john yang reports. >> yang: on the korean peninsula today signs of progress from both sides. first, from north korea's ste news reader. pyongyang announced it will re- sync its time zone with south korea's starting saturday; in 2015 they had set clocks 30 minus behind seoul. and, sth korea said it will remove the loudspeakers that blast propaganda intthe north.is just days after friday's historic summit between south korean president moon jae-in and north korea's dictator kim jong- un.
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they met on south korean territory, in e demilitarized zone that separates the two nations. >> ( translated ): we should make this moment an irreversible historical moment for the rean peninsula's peace and prosperity. but, we have only put forward our first step. >> yang: the two leaders also agreed to work toward a nuclear -free peninsula. south korean officials say kim ldld moon that pyongyang w shut down its nuclear testing site. and offered to scrap the nuclear program entirely if the united states helps negotiate a formal end to the korean war, and pledges not to attack the north. today, at an afternoon press conference with nigerian leader, president trump said cited kim's promise to halt ballistics missile te a good sign. ll the u.s. has never been closer to potenthaving something happen with respect to
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the korean peninsula that can get rid of nuclear weapons, can >> yang: and mr. trump expanded on a morning tweet musing on the korean d.m.z. as hisble preference for a summit location: >> you're actually there. if things rk out, there's a great celebration to be had on the site, not in a third-party country. >> yang: yesterday, national security adviser john bolton said the u.s. would insist kim give uhis entire nuclear weapons and ballistic missile prrams before making any concessions. bolton cited libya's 2003 disarmament as aodel. then-libyan leader moammar gadhafi was overthrown and killed in 2011 by rebels with u.s. backing. >> the libyan program was much smaller. but that was basically the agreement that we made. and so we'll want to test north korea in this firsmeeting for evidence that they have made
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that strategic decision. >> yang: bolton went ono detail how the north had broken its commitments before; but newly confirmed secretary of state mike pomepo, who met with kim in march, struck a more optimistic tone. >> my goal was to try and identify if there was a real opportunity there.be eve there is. >> yang: last week, defense secretary james mattis last weet signal possibility of reducing the u.s. military presence on the korean peninsula. >> well, that's part of the issues that will be discussed in the negotiations with our allies first,nd of course with north korea. so i think for right now we just have to go along with the process, have the netiations and not try to make preconditions, or presumions >> yang: north korea has long said the u.s. must pull its almost 29,000 troops from souty korea under reement. for the pbs newshour, i'm john yang. >> woodruff: in the days other news, a syria war monitoring group said an ovnight missile strike targeted government
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military bases in northern syria. the group said israel likely carried out the assault that killed 26 pro-government fighters, including many iranians.id social media showed the purported attack, which hit an arms depot near hama. iranian fighters are said to be stationed there, but the iranian government denied they were hit. deadly attacks also rang out across afghanistan today, from kabul to kandahar. in all, nearly 40 people were killed, including 11 children. afghan security forces, nato soldiers, and local journalists were the intended targets. but many civilians also lost their lives or were injured. h william bran our report. >> brangham: the first blast came during kabul's busy morning rush hour, near the hearters of afghanistan's intelligence service, nato, and foreign embassies. a suicide bomber arrived on a motorcyc then, after journalists rushed
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to the site of the explosion, anotr suicide bomber, posing as a reporter, detonated more explosives among the media scrum. >> ( translated ):me was about ters away from the site of the first explosion, trying to enter the site when the second blast happened.rf it was very po, and when i was finally at the site, i found many of my fellow reporters lying on the ground, se of them dead already. >> brangham: afghan journalists seemed to be specifically targeted. shah marai, chief photographer for agence-france press in kabul, was among the dead. the islamic state group in afghanistan has claimed iesponsibility for the attacks. it was the deadl attack targeting reporters since the fall of the taliban government in 2001, according to a french media organization. in a separate attack in khost province on monday, ahmad shah, an afghan bbc reporter was killed. in all, 36 media workers have been killed since 2016.an meile, in kandahar province, children were killed when aid
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subomer targeted a nato convoy.so iers, civilians and policemen were also injured in the attack. >> woodruf a u.s. service mber also died today during a combat operation in eastern afghanistan. another american soldier was injured. british prime minister theresa may has tapped saj javid, a member of parliament, to be the new home secretary. he's the son of pakistani immigrants, and the rst ethnic minority politician to hold the job. the previous home secretary, amber rudd, resigned late sunday, after admitting she a misled lawmakeut whether the government had deportation targets. back in this country, the acting director of u.s. immigration and stoms enforcement, thomas homan, announced today he is retiring. president trump nominated him to lead the agency permanently in november. but his nomination stalled in
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the senate. homan came under fire last year after aying undocumented immigrants in the u.s. should b" "afrnder the trump administration. he'll leave the agency in june. a cara about 200 asylum seekers from central america were denied entrance into the u.s. for a second day. u.s. authorities said they't diave the space to process asylum applications, so they'll have to wait on the mexicann border with ego. the caravan arrived in tijuana sunday seeking refuge. >> ( translated ): they should have a ltle more awareness and at least support us in cases that really need support. we are comtrg from our cos, not because we want to but because the situation isd veryn our countries. >> woodruff: border officials said they weren't sure when that san diego crossing facility would begin accepting new asylum cases. adult filmctress stephanie clifford, known as stormy
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daniels, is suing presiden trump for defamation. clifford claims she had an extramarital affair wi trump in 2006. the lawsuit filed in a manhaan court today alleges the president lied, when he tweeted earlier this month that her claims of being threatened for discussing the alleged affair was "a total con job." u.s. consumer advocacy groups are warning a new merger betweeb sprint and te could hurt customers. wiey fear less competition in the wireless marke likely trigger higher prices. the $26.5 billion announced sunday still must clear several regulatory hurdles. if approved, it would reduce the u.s. wireless industry to just three major carriers. a midnight deadline is looming on whether president trump will permanently exempt the europeani union an other countries from new u.s. steel analuminum tariffs.
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they were imposed last month.e but ump administration granted them temporary emptions set to expire b this day's end. meanwhile stocks clo sd lower on waeet. the dow jones industrial average plunged 148 points to close at ,163. the nasdaq fell 53 points, and the s&p 0 slipped nearly 22. still to come on the newshour: one on one witformer f.b.i. director james comey. a side effect of the opioid crisis: costly heart surgeries, plus, much more. >> woodruff: israel's prime minister benjamin netanyahu today accused iran's government of "brazenly lying" about its past nuclear weapons ambitions. speaking in tel aviv today,
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netanyahu said recovered documents prove that tehran did have a secret nuclear weapons program, before it signed the iran nuclear deal in 2015. in also claimed that iran's government is cong to pursue nuclear weapons development, and urged president trump to pull the u.s. out of the deal before the pcoming may 12 deadline. >> this is a terrible deal. it never should have been concluded. and in a few days president trump will decide-- will make hiecdion about what to do with the nuclear deal. i'm sure he'll do the right thing. the right things for the u.s. the right thing for israel d the right thing for the peace of the world. >> woodruff: minutes later, mr. trump held a joint news conference with nigeria's president. mr. trump, who spoke with netanyahu by phone last night, added that today's presentation
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only added to his skepticism of the iran deal. >> i'm not telling you what i'm doing but on or before the 12th we'll make a decision. that doesn't mean we won't negotiate a real agreement. but i think if anything what's happening today and what'sen ha over the last little while and what we've learned has real shown that i've been 10 right. >> woodruff: iranian officials denounced netanyahu, and a state-run news agency in iran mosaid he is "fa for ridiculous shows." for more on this, wiiam brangham is back. >> brangham: does israel's presentation today add to our understanding of iran's nuclear ambitions, and what does this mean for the iran deal going rward? r that, i'm joined now by physicist and former arms control inspector david albright. he's currently president of the institute for science and international security. welcome back to the "newshour". >> good to be here. >> brangham: so that was quite a presentation feet net put
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on -- netanyahu put on today. the israelis allegedly got into this secret building in tehra and got out tens of thousands of documents and files pertaining to iran's older nuclear program. first off, do you bieve thi cache they have is real and, if so, what does this tell us? how big a deal is this? >> it's hard to know.t isal? the israelys make it clear the u.s. will vouchfor it the u.s. has the complete set. so i would start by assuming it is real and the israelis are quite capableof getting into tehran. it's pretty remarkable what they did to t into warehouse and remove that much information and get itsoout of iran, it's quite an intelligence coup. israelis make it clear, it's a huge amount of information. it surprised them how wide and deep the iranian nuclear weapons ngsgram, just how many thi they didn't know about. i mean, it's a constant message today from the israelis.y
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so tve only begun the assessment. they've obtained the documents, they said, several weeks ago. >> brangham: some people have been pointing out today that some of the details netansehu addrare not necessarily new. the scientist involved, the name of the original program, that we knew a lot of this information, already. bob corker todsay, himelf a critic of iran and the iran nuclear deal, said there is really nothing new here. do you think there is something new? >> there is a lot new information. the israelis revealed several pots of formation, one which is the archive itself is of the pre-2003 nuclear weapons program, which included instructions to archive it, write down everything you learned, and write down what you e didn't learn and whated to work on in the future, in a sense, to fill the gaps in. and the israelis said, when they looked out in their information, they saw the programs actually did exist in iran.
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they also said that, since the iran deal was developed or finalized, that iran has moved the archivesit's tending to the archives. it's under a stewardship program. so it's a very valuable collecti, and the israelis would say why would they go to that tuble if they dn't intend to use it in the future, at least to maintain an option to use the future. >> brangham: but is simply hoarding documents that pertain to your older nuclear program in itself a violation of the deal?e >> my ence is in the uncovering of other nuclear weapons programs is the hoarding of documents to the extent would essentially say to you that they are hiding a nuclear weapons program. >> brangham: saving it footer day. >> and saving them fother day. if we looked at the south african program ansuthey had done a thing when they got rid of their nuclear weapons or libya had done the gning
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thing when they got rid of their nuclear weapons program, people would have seamed bloody murder. >> brangham: some people said lear knew iran had a nuc program going before and the whole point of the iranian nuclr deal deal was to curtail the efforts. would this be to keep the deal in tact? which is the opposite of what the israelis are arkansas do -- arguing. >> you could arguing this a chance to nail iran on the violations of the nuclear proliferatn treaty and to get rid of the program and allow long-term nitoring of the facilities and people involved in the program and having the nuclear deal in place is good but, on the other hand, because the archive seems to bet kep use in the future, it actually is a little chilling about the sunsets that we face in the iran nuclear deal.
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they look a lite more deadly. >> brangham: this is the parts of t deal that will disappear and relieve iran of some of the stct oversite in coming years. >> that's right. >> brangham: the saming seems important. in about 20e7b 2 *e7b days, president trump has to certify whether the iranians have lived up to the bargain. clearly seems netanyahu would want the president to be swayed by this, who do not agree wi the deal. do you think this will work? >> if the audience was won for netanyahu, i think he's trying to convince iran to walk awfray the deal and hand him a more substantive nuclear reason o. do s so whether he succeeds in that, i don't know. president trump also said he's open to fix the deal and his negotiators are working probably as we speak to fix the deal as he's outlined, and this revelation by isael today d not eliminate the fixes that can be done. i would arguet could
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strengthen the ability to fix this deal.t, gain, we'll have to see. >> brangham: david albyoright, thanvery much. >> thank you. >> woodruff: the allegations are striking: president trump is n nethical, untethered to the truth and his timefice is a forest fire damaging our country's norms and traditions." they come from james comey. his firing last may by presidenh trump lead tappointment of special counsel robert mueller. and has made him the tof mr. trump's criticism for the last year. rcomey's new book, "a hig loyalty," is both a memoir and, in his eye a lesson in leadership, ethics, and hard decisions. i spoke toames comey a short time ago and began with what he would have done differently.
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maybe only one small thing. early on, people were sezing on a portion of the book, a paragraph where i described my first impressions of president-elect trump and peoe discorted my view like i was taking shots at the guy, which i wasn't. i was trying to be an author. it became such a distractionto that if i hado it over again, i would yank thatra aph, describe everybody else in detail but not include that distracting paragraph. >> woodruff: the personal detail. >> people thought i was taking shots by describing hiface and hair and i didn't intend to. my aunghor said bri the reader with you, so i tried to do it when icr desed my high school grocery store boss and presidt trump but it became talking point. >> woodruff: recent developments. on friday the house intelligence committee, the publican majority issued its report on findings. they are raising dowtsz about one of the key findings of te
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intelligence agencies, namely that the russian government wanted to help donald trump. it's more likely they wanted to sow discord. is that how you read the inforeation you knew beyou left government? >> no, we read it very differently as did the analysts from the f.b.i., c.i.a., nsa and the director of national intelligence. we reached a giant nclusion d one of the three goals was to help elect donald trump. woodruff: clear difference. high confidence, very unusual in a joint telligence community assessment. >> woodruff: the republican majority alssaid they found no evidence of collusion, coordination with the trump cam pain. you said yesterday that the report did n reflect the facts you knew before you left the f.b.i. so does that mean you saw facts that did point to collusion? >> i'm not in a position where i can talk about what we found during the investigation, and,
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obviously, i'm not up to date, b since i han gone almost a year, but that isn't my sense of where the investigation stood when i let. >> woodruff: so there was something specific that you knew or saw that pointed youin that direction? >> well, the f.b.i. wasst inating whether there were americans who had confired with or aided and abetted the russians. collusion is not a legal term that i'm aware of there was a basis for investigating meaning there were facts to support an investigate. the what the conclusions will be, i don't know, but to say there was not evidence is the case. >> woodruff: the house college coittee is faulting the f.b.i. for failing to properly notify victims rusan hacking. did the f.b.i. drop the ball sthrveghts i don't think so. we had a massive nosk totify hundreds and hundreds, so i can't sit here and say we did it perfectly every time, but especially with the prominent victims like the democratic national committee, we did our level best to make sewer they
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knew they were beinattacked. >> woodruff: do you think the ibama administration dropped the ball in not ng more to get the russians to back off? t hard to say because a l was not involved in. very tough decision for president obama. what do you say before an election about the russian interference when one of their goalings is to -- goal is to rocess. our >> woodruff: one other report of the house intelligence committee, it says the stee dossier prepared by former british agent christopher steele about president trump and other things, "formed an essential rt of the application to the f.i.s.a. court to begin electronic surveillance." could there have en a nica >>rrant without the steele dossier? t's not my recollection it was an essential part of any application. i have to choose words
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claiferl because i don't know what's been classified but there was a mosaic thf informationt convince add court that that individual carter page, there was probable cause to believe he was an agent of a foreign power. >> woouff: but you're not saying there had to be a dossier for this to happen? >> in order to get the f.i.s.a. warrant, that's no my recollection. >> woodruff: you've also had a long time to think about what wain that dosier. did you find it credible? >> well, the core allegation of the dossier was credible, consistent with the other intelligence that the intelligence community had gathered, that is the russiansag were en in a sophisticated, comprehensive effort aimed at our election. that turned out to be true.er were lots of spokes in the dossier off the central hubbu the central hub was consistent with other intense. an effort was undery to try towns whether the other spokes could be ruled in, ruled out, d i don't know whether that ended up. >> woodruff: so the hillary clinton e-mails, you spenda good chunk of this book the firstyour actio
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time, absolving her of illegality, but then going on to say she was "extremely careless," later on announcing the investigation was being reopened. you write you felt you did what you needed to do p torotect the agency and how youaw your own role, but secretary clinton, when we interviewed her last ll, said when it came to your july news conference, she saw something very different. she called it a breech of professional ethics and a rejection of justice department protocols. here's what she said.he >>nvestigation was getting nowhere, there was nothing to find, and he was in a position of having to accept t evidence that there was no case. i think what he did, against the advice of people around him in the f.b.i. and the justice department, was, in large measure, due to political pressures that he was under from people that he had worked with
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before in the f.b.i. and outside the f.b.i. >> woodruff: what about that? that's just not accurate. i hope secretary clinton will get a chance if not to read the ole book, read those parts of it. it was about trying to make sure we did all we could to make sure the public the work had been done in a competentnd loons way. it didn't violate the protocols of the can't of justice except in one key respect, i decided to make the announcement separate from the attorney general for a variety of reasons but it wasn't about politics, it was about it in a people we did good, honest, independent way. >> woodruff: that's a serious charge of violation of professional ethi >> yeah, and i get where that's coming from, it's just not accurate. again, i tread part of secretary clinton's book that was about the e-mails and i would very much hope, even if she doesn't walk away agreeing, she would have a different perspective if u e read a that part of my book.
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>> woodruff: have d phi outreach by her regarding this? >> no. >> woodruff: se said everyone was moving forward after what happened if july, but then she says the proximate cause of her defeat was your october 28th october 28th letter about reopening e investigation after finding those e-mails on anthony weiner's laptop which she says has never ben adequately explained or defended and had nothing further to do with the finding. here's how donald trump reacted. >> the f.b.i. -- (cheers and applause) -- has just sent a letter to congress informing them that they have discovered new e-mails per feigning to th former secretary of s halary clinton'sonnvestigati.
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i have great respect for the fact that the.b.i. and the department of justice are now willing to have thcourage to right the horrible mistake that they made. (cheers and applause) >> woodruff: so president trump, in effect,g celebratcretary clinton saying this was the proximate cause that she lost. >> yeah, and it reflects the confusion political peoe have if trying to figure out whose side is the f.b.i. on, when we weren't and it isn't today on anybody's side. we were trying to make decisions when there was no good optiowe there bad ands were options, and in each case we tried our best to choose bad over worse, and fitting that into a partisan lens is impossible, which is why you have -- i guess donald trump was a fan of the f.b.i. back in that day because he thought we had domething for him. we weren't doing something for
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him nor trying to hurt secretary clinton, we were trying to do the right thing. >> woodruff: how es it feel to be the object of this kind of strong language of the two nominees for president? the whole thing was a nightmare. i wish president clinton had never had a personal email server and anthony wienerrer never had a laptop, but when you' stublg in a situation like that you know you're stalk and especially in a partisan environment, peopl be mad at you because they assume you're not on teheir sid. we're trying to be on the country's side. it's painful but, honestl looking back, doesn't change the way i think about it. ru woodruff: another thing from president, he often complains loudly about f.b.i. leaks. how much of a probl is that? >> ates problem in any organization. it's not, in my mind, a hugein problehe f.b.i. when it happens, we investigate it. if it's clamassified infon, we do a criminal investigation. if it's not, we do an internal
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investigat, n. it mattet it's not the -- the f.b.i. is not sieve. it happens because we have 30,000dreople. >> wf: i ask in part because, two years ago, there were wide-spread reports fueled by rudy giuliani that there were anti-hillary agents in the new york f.b.i. office who leaked bad stuff about here. giuliani suggested he knew aboua some of this of time. did that concern you? >> yes. in fact, rudy giuliani made a statement attend of october he ew something business coming -- if that's true, he knew something big was coming before i did but after we had to reopen the email investigation, i commissioned an investigtrion to to find out was someone giving him non-public informatn in violation of our rules. the investigation wasn't finished before i was fired but i know i ordered i and i'm can confident they followed the gder. >> woodruff: i wng to ask you, do you have reason to believe he was tipped off? >> i don't.
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i was very concerned about his statements and wanted to nd out. >> woodruff: where does that stand today? >> i don't know. i got fired may 9th and it wasn't finished by then. >> woodruff: the rest of the n jamesew tomorrow whe comey has more to say about the hillary clinton e-mails, the role played by former attorney general loretta lynch a hard decisions he and the f.b.i. faced in 2016. grmplet >> woodruff: stay with us, coming up on the newshour: the polloitical f from the white house correspondents' dinner. and the author of "the death and life of the great lakes," thish' moselection for the newshour book club. while statistics about overdose deaths from the opioid epidemic continue to dominate headlines, other debilitating and costly problems have been creeping up in the shadows.
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from pbs station ideastream in cleveland, kay colby reports ons an incin deadly heart infections among i.v. drug users, a little-known problem with big time consequences for individual patients and society as. a whod warning some of the images and photos you're about to see are graphic. >> r capture fallout from the opioid epidemic among people who are homeless in chicago. they're part of a photo essay by lloyd degrane published by belt magazine in 2017. at times, heroin injected into the veins of users can lead to dangerous infections like the one that killed this 34-ye-old woman. almost 350 miles away, cleveland clinic surgeon jose navia is prepping for an operation to keep a similar infection from destroying the heart of a 31- year-old mother.it >> s's a very difficult case and hopefully it will go the
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right way. and we'd like to replace the aortic valve and repair or replace the mitral valve. >> reporter: the human heart has four valves, including the aortic and mitral valves. each valve opens and closes with every heart beat to control blood flow in certain directions. clumps of bacteria can attach to the flaps of valves, formings nodu pus. >> and so the valve is literally being eaten alive by the bacteria. it eats away the tissue around the valve and it is very difficult almost impossible to cure wbiith anics. >> reporter: cleveland clinic's hee, of cardiovascular medic doctor steven nissen, says for people addicted to opioids, the pathway to deadly heart infections often begins with a o dirty needpolluted drug. >> the heroin itself is not tserile. you know the addicave learned to they will cook it. they will use a flame to heat it up but that doesn't gey
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sterilize it completely. and so youe repeatedly injecting bacteria into your bloodstream.t' >> reporter: inot long before doctor navia confronts the full wrath of his patient's infection stemming from i.v. drug use. all three flaps of the aortic valve resemble tiny pieces of swiss cheese. >> this is a perforation. it shouldn't beulhis way. it sbe completely closed here. >> repter: with the aortic valve completely destroyed, doctor navia opts to put in a replacement made from cow tissue. afterunning a series of threads through it, he places it in position. >> this is the new valve. >> reporter: with hands that mimic a keen knitting needle, navia secures it in place. the cost of this surgery can run over $100,000. many patients come in with lots of complications requiring days or weeks in i.c.u. studies show cases of infective
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endocarditis, which is the medical term for infected heart valves, are on the rise among younger adults, mostly due to the opioid epidemic. three of the 21 occupied beds in the clinic's cardiac i.c.u. are currently filled by endocarditis patients suffering from i.v. drug use. >> that's vay typical. itbe more or less. but that's a pretty good average these days that's what we see. >> reporter: so what does that tell you? s >> it tells you that thiis an epidemic that is just out of control. >> reportecl the cleveland ic says in 2014, 10% of its endocarditis patients undergoing surgery were opid dependent. in the first six months of 2017, that percent was 18.5. research elsewhere shows a similar trend. a study at two large boston hospitals found between 2002 and 2014, thpeent almost doubled. the boston study also found poor long-term results for those patients. cleveland clinic infectious
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disease chair doctor steven gordon says their research found poor outcomes starting about three months after surgery. >> from 90 days to the six month period the risk of reaission ation is tenfold higher amongst the opioid use disorder patients with endocarditis that were operated on. and we believe that is most likely due to relapse. >> reporter: experts say those suffering from opioid addiction face high rates of relapse, which often means re-infected valvesnd repeat surgeries. many patients are on medicaid or lack health insurance all together. >> we have seen a fairly significant number of patients that have had not one, not two, but three or four heart valve ements related to repeat use. >> reerpobioethicist mark aulisio says repeat cases raise some thorny ethical issues. he and otherargue addiction treatment needs to be part of the heart care protocotsfor such pati >> there's really got to be
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comprehensive care for patients who have this issue because if there's not you're going to put them through a lot of painome suffering a difficult road for little and some in some cases maybe no benefit. >> reporter: gordon says the cleveland clinic now includes addiction treatment upfront for endocarditis patients who use e v. drugs. >>want the addiction specialist up front similar to what we would ha t.bspecialist upfront in the care for this pati and if it's indicated, medication assisted treatment then with no barriers to getting started in the hospital, which is relatively novel but a lot of hospitals are looking at that. >> reporter: public healthad cates say these cases also point to the need for more harm reduction programs, like dicltributing ean needles, as well as devoting morurces ma addiction treatment. again, professor rk aulisio.on
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>> you have to care about t'y individual a drug user one lick to know thatin your interest for society to focus on prevention andar hreduction. it's a lot cheaper to prevent endodorditis then t a valve replacement. >> reporter: about three hours after scrubbing in, with the second valve repaired, doctor navia weans his patif the heart lung machine. >> so the heart is managing on its own and the two valves working fantastic,nd the mitral valve also. so the heart is getttig a normal fuon. she's done very well so far. she came offhe pump without a problem. eand i'm very happy with results so far. rg>> reporter: while this y succeeded, big societal questions remain. and according to steven nissen so does the human toll. >> if we don't cure the heroin
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addiction then we haven't solved the problem and that's where we stand. the legacy of this is going to go on for decades. it's a ripple effect and it keeps on growing.>> eporter: for the pbs newshour, i'm kay coy in clevelan f: >> woodror some immediate post-game analysis of myam interview with comey and the political impact of his ntinued war of words wit president trump, i'm joined by our politics monday team. that's amy walter of the "cook political report" and stuart rothenberg of "inside elections." and welcome to you both. meolitics monday." so james cohas been out there the last two weeks ever since the book came out, he'sy done mterviews. we had a chance to talk to him, amy, as you hea. what do you think? >> i think your opinions of jat s comey and wh how he
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answered your questions as well as many others that have beenas d these last couple of weeks, your interpretation is how you feel really about the president in the first place. i think you're prone to support the president, you're likely to say there's nothing james comey is saing that is either believable or that actually puts donump in a position of committing any sort of actual crime. if you are opposed to the president, if you don't like the president,you seen james comey a man who is signaling concerns about whether or not wis person is able to be a president in the wwant to see a president as a moral leader. >> woodruff: something for everybody to dislike, stu? .> i think he said that to you i wrote down "partisans will be angry at you because you thieynk ren't on your side." he knows and acknowledges that. my question is how about those of us who try not to be partisan
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and try to understand his decision-making, i continue to be a little uncotamfe about the role his political ssumptions played in the decisions hede. he in the past grudgingly tknowledged it seeped his head, but how could it not be a part of his conooderations. >>uff: basically, amy, you're saying you're already disposed in one direction or the other so this ok and what he says about the book is not going to change. >> and "the washington post" abc news poll on this question owed 30% having a favorable opinion of james comey, 32 an favorable and 38 having no opinion. if you looked in terms ofis pas, republicans tended to have an unfavorable view, d.p.s. had a favorable vid independents, shockingly, before 30 favo0 rable,favorable, 40% no itch. this is a guy that's been everywhere. imagine having no opinion. i think it's a genusal
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con. >> it's the continuing background noise of what does this all mean because there has been no real new ground broken with the book in terms of the facts laid out. there is still a lot of questions about what actually happened, is thercollusion was the law broken. there's nothing new in this book about that. >> woodruff: details about what he saw and heard. >> righ wt. druff: i don't think there's been a poll done about it yet. but saturdaynight in washington, there was a white house correspondents dinner, and i wasn't therwee, but therre strong views about what was said. president trump declined to attend. i was in washington, michigan,e giving a ech at about the same time that thecomedian whose name is miele wolwas giving comments that there were strong reactions . listen to the president first and then a little bit of her. >> is this better than that
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phony washington white house correspondents dinner? is this more fun? (cheers and applause) i could be up there tonight smiling like i love when they're hitting you shot af shot. these people they hate your guts, shot -- and then i'm supposed to -- (cheering) and, you know, you've got to smile,nd if you don't smile, they'll say, he was terrible, he couldn't ake it. and you do smile, they will say, what was he smiling about? >> i actually really like sarah. i think she's very resourceful. like, she burns facts and then she uses that ash to create aey perfect smye. maybe she's born with it, maybe it's lies. it's probably lies. >> woodruff: so, stu, someme ans are out there today defending michele wolf but there was a lot of pushback about
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whether that was appropriate and whether st too far. >> i wasn't there either. i was sitting on my couch in my liv ig room watchingt, and ten seconds after she ended, i tweeted out that i thought her material and her delivery er material was vulgar mane-spirited, nasty. i think much of what the esident has said over the years is vulgar, mean-spirited andbu nasty, t what i found is, if you criticize micleolf, then critics of the president automatically think that you support -- they that if youiz critwolf, then you -- how do i say this?e >> you condhat he's doing. eah. so it's very -- it's awkward. i think both the president and the comedian can be wrong, but it's hard to hold that position these days -- this day and age >> and here's the thing. every year, we have the same
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controversy. a comedian comes -- been happening since bill clinton. >> woodruff: and even before. and probably before that. a comedian comes in, whether arying something about the president or peoplund him, or just saying things that are considered crasor political incorrect, whatever, there's a minor controversy an move on. he reason we don't move on is the president han many ways used the press as this, you know, place that, as he said in that clip, they're against me all along, and, quite frankly, when you hear a bu nch ofople in the room laughing, a room filled with journalists laugh tg at aose jokes, america can say, well, i guess this is where the press is. but if you don't want these controversies, don'te comedians come in. >> right. exiewfnt watched comedy -- if you've watched comedy in the last ten years, this is how comedians operate.e bring in sody who will tell
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(knocking) tellknock-knock jokes but not a dern comedian. >> there is a question about how hollywood, w york coedy and washington mix. things have come up with difficulty in crossing barriers. john mccain, he's been treated for a cancer diau,gnosis. is new book called the restless wave is coming out if a fe excerpts were released today. i'll read a small bid of it. he didn't name president trump but referring to him he said, he's declined to distinguish the actions of ntur governtwo the crimes of despotic ones, the appearance of tough necessary or the reality show apersons ofug ess seems to matter more than any of our values. heoes on i these excerpts to lament the divisions but he does makeeit clear re he's coming from about the president. >> one other qick thing, he said i don't remember another time in my life when so many
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americans considered someone's party affiliation a test of whether th person was entitled to respect. one thing that struck me is john mccain was known as a maverick, a disr wtor, a guyho would stir the pot. this president is also maverick, an outsider, disruptor, yet john mccain has so much dignity and seriousness. he's a hero, he's been hero as a human being. >> woodruff: people been poring over this boo>>k. hey are. he brings up another point which stu raised as well, he said vote for candidates most adamant if theiwiassurance that they ll never compromise. stu and a i have been this for years is the way especially in some of the wave electons and miderm elections, incumbents are the most vulnerable who end up losing are the moderates, the people who are willing to work across the aisle. there is no incentive because there's no reward to actually try broker any sort of
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compromise and until that happens, it not just about president trump, this has been going on quite some time in congress. >> woodruff: words to continue to think about and we'll continue looking at them. amy walter, stu rothenberg, "politics monday," thank you. >> you're welcome. thanks, jud. >> woodruff: and nno, our monthlread this interview. that's our book club in partnership wi the "new york times," that so many of you have joined. jeffrey brown talks with this month's author and announces our may pick. >> brown: it's the epic and troubling story of the threats facing the largest source of freshwater in the world. and what we can do to stop them. the book is "the death and life of the great lakes." and as we do every month we've ked you to send in questions. author dan egan is here to answer them now and down. thanks for being part of this for us. >> thanks for having me. >> brown: so dan, start by telling us a little bit about what you were after here and
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what threats you have. >> i was after telling the story of the lake and it is a story and it's a story of these great grand bodies of water that are vast they span thousands of square miles. but they were not connected to the outside world aquatic. so they were their own ecosystem and it didn't take much for stuff to start coming in andve unng it and it started with the sea lampreys and it's still going on today with theag zebra and mussels. those are the invasive species. invasive species that have mpletely rewired the way energy flows through this the world's largest freshwater systeme >> brown: wet a lot of questions about how you came toy this h researched it. as one reader candace hughes asked: how did you get so many officials to share cy with you?
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just fill in a little bit of the like a rael carson book. e writer one reader edwin lambert of rockville center new york asked if you were influenced by wallace stegner. >> yeah that's interesting end some time out west after college and one of the books that rstuck with me was the hundredth meridian and end and the whole and that's a biography largely a biography of john wesley powell and how you know we engineered he water dynamics out there in a way that we're kind of recognizing maybe might not hav been the bea for modern society. but yes. wallace stegner absolutely. >> brown: so barbara wouldn of west chester, pennsylvania but she writes but born and raised on lake ie. her bona fides. you gaves hope that nature will do much to resto great lakes aquatic life in the future after all the manmade
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blunders. do you think we should do less to change the balance of nature in the lakes and let nature resolve the balance or have we y done too much damag >> i don't know if we're never going to get back what we lost. and i don't think we're ever going to t complete control of the lakes as we some people believed we had for a while. i think if we approach the management with a little more humility and a little more appreciation for what nature can do on its own in terms of finding some sort of equilibrium we'll be better off. i don't know if we'rthere yet. >> brown: and one more question, we have a question from chuck monroe of chicago. he asks: what is the best thing an ordinarcitizen like myself can do right now to support the health of t great lakes and availability of fresh water for life on earth? >> it's a big question but there is a deceptively simple answer. i think the most imp thing you can do is to make sure if you have children oif you have younger relatives that they have a relationship with the lake ith live aboue blocks from lake michigan and i try to get my kids down there swimming as often as possible. i think what happened for a while is a generation or two turn their backs on the lakes
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and the lake suffered you know as you would expect. so i think the most significant thing you can do is to just g raise the neeration with an appreciation for what we have. so take the great lakes but personalize it. >> brown: absolutely. all right. we're going to continue and have more of our conversation on our now read this page. but before we end here let me introduce our book club pick for ma it is the book "educated" by tara westover a memoir of growing up in survivalist family in remote idaho. it's been one of the most talked about and critically acclaimed books of the year. we hope you hope you do continue to read along with us. now read this partnership with the "new york times." dan egan for now, thanks for being part of this. >> thanks for havindr >> wf: on the newshour online right now, we ring out april, which is national poetry
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month, with u.s. poet laureate tracy k. smith, who shares som of her favorite poems. that and more is on our webs. site, g/newshour. and that's the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us online andagain here morrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been proved by: >> babbel. a lan real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. babbel's 10-15 minute lessons are available as an app,r online. more information on babbel.com. >> and by the alfred p. sloan foundation. supporting science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial
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literacy in the 21st century. th supported by the john d. and catherine t. mac foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more information at macfound.org >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contribuons to your pbs tation from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
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welcome to the future. pbs digital. elyse: we're the history detectives, es and we're going to invtigate some untold stories from america's past. wes: this week: is this intriguing cartoon t one earliest drawings of history's most famous superhero? tukufu: are these strange disks the long-lost recordings ofmerica's greatest blues musicians? gwendolyn: and was this curious flask part of a historic rebel uprising p t-revolutionary-war america? elvis costello: ♪ watchin' the detectives gr ♪ he gets so when the teardrops start ♪ ♪ but he can't be wounded 'cause he's got no heart ♪

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