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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 10, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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>> this is "c world news america." >> funding of thisresentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuin solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a we see its form in our w mind, and thene begin to ytisel. we strip away everhing that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. hat purepoint financial, e
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designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbcorld news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. it's a date -- kim jong-un and donald trump know when and where they are meeting for their historic summit. tensions between iran and israel reach dangerous new levels as both sides great airstrikes in their biggest military confrontation so far. and china's big bicycle problem -- it is not that there are too few, but far, far too ny. >> forget stockmarket market bubbles and property bubbles. bubble.he dot-com this is one with wheels on. this is cna's fight sharin
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bubble. invite-sharing-- be-sharing bubble. jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. mark your calendars -- president trump announced he will meet with north kjoean leader kim -un in singapore on june 12. in a tweet, of course, he added that both sides would try to make it a very special momentac omr world the announcement hours after the president welcomed home three american detainees who had been held in north korea. the bbc's nick bryant has the latest. nick: in theiddle of the night before the birds or the president had started tweeting, the plane carrying the free prisoners touched down on american soil. from detention to a triumphant welcome from donald trump, he did not want to miss the
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homecoming, for it offers flesh and blood proof that his unconventional approach to diplomacy is working. pres. trump: my prdest hievement will be -- this is a part of it -- but when we denuclearize the entire peninsula. this is what we have beenr waiting r a long time. no one thought we could be on this track in terms of speed. i am very honored to help the three folks. nick: this was a made-for-television moment, but rnthe white house quickly it into cinema. slowotion footage, rousing hollywood-style music. the former reality tv star claimed this must've set the all-time record for ratings at 3:00 in e morning. north korea's ste broadcaster did not show that kind o panache, but these are remarkable pictures nonetheless. kim jong-un meeting secretary of state mike pompeo.
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leader mocked as little rocket man enjoying a lighter moment with the american ahead of the summit with trump. vice president mike pence has been talexng about u.s. ctations. vice president pence: the president senses an opening that may result in an historic agreement. what kim jong-un has publicly and in discussions is that he is prepared to negotiate to achieve complete denuclearization of the korean peninsula. nick: sohe north korean leader's security team will be soon pacing the streets of singapore. the venue for the summit. but has enough diplomatic legwork been done to make it a success? in a week when donald trump withdrew from the nuclear deal n,with it is full speed ahead with negotiating an new deal with north korea. having alienated european allies i, his administratiforging an improbable relationship with
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one of america's long-standing enemies. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. jane: a spokeswoman for the state department was on the trip to north korea with mr. pompeo. she describes the moment when the three men stepped on the plane. >> it was incredible to see them walk on the plane as we were in pyongyang. they shook our hands and said "g bless america, i couldn't be more proud of being an american." we all teared up. they started to get the dical care they needed and on their way to freedom. ne: we have also seen cold, hard to diplomacy. for more on the diplomaticin maneuv i was joined by the director of the korean working kennedy harvard's school. let's start with
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denuclearization. how important is it that they get on the same page before the summit? >> it is very important, but the page is ing to be very large. if you see the process in place, the return of the three u.s. detainees is important in terms of solidifying the process. we have secretary of state pompeo now meeting with kim jong-un twice. these are indicators that terms of the understanding of tidenucleari, this is going to be more details added, but the fact that there is enough there as a foundation to go forward with of the summit is a positive sign. many people are cautiously optimistic. jane: how much of a concession was it for north korea to release the prisoners? john: there are different ways to look at it. i think we see a lot of the ysis focusing on differe angles and factors. if you view it from the perspective of this process, and it is going toe an important process between the united states and north korea, many difficult issues to tackle -- from the angle of the procf s, the returne three u.s. detainees is very important in the sense of showing that you
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can get thin done in this process. in many respects it is a litmus test. it is a welcome development to have the return of the three u.s. detainees, but the process building and the process testing going forward, there is enough momentum to actually go forwd. jane: on the subject of momentum, what will north korea now want from the u.s.? or is the summit, the date and a time, the prize in itself? john: the summit is another element to build on. if you think of all of these erent events like buildi materials. what you see is the outlines of the game plan. the declaration had three mechanisms. the first is a permanent peace mechanism. the seconds an inter-korean arvelopment mechanism. the third is denucation mechanism. those will be ranked in a different way in terms of priorities for countries, but
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you see the outlines of what iss ntially a big deal, grand bargain. from that perspective, i think from the north korean-u.s. discussions, a lot of it will focus on the denuclearization mechanism. the north koreans have laid out specific interests about the security guarantee, tied to do things tt are very much along the lines of investments of some kind as it could pertain to the economic development projects we see right now. jane: as we talk about this, expectations are so high that it feellike the meeting itself the culmination. very briefly, what realistically can wexpect? in the north korea eld there is a tendency to focus on single events and read the tea leaves after. but if you look at the summit that will come up on june 12 as part of the broader prngess, the laut of the principles and goals and the notion of expectations on both sides lot of building on already of what is taking place in the meetings between secretary pompeo and kim jong-un. in terms of expectations for tht
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g, it is the atmospherics, it is the idea of concrete principles and goals, and thenng laut the next steps as it relates to the details. jane: john park, thank you very much indeed for joining me.ho the white has accused iran of provocative attacks on israel after a back-and-forth barrage of missile strikes. the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu says iran crossed a redline in launching more than 20 missiles on the golan heights from positions in syria.ta the israeli mi responded with strikes of its own, hitting more than 15 military targets. -- 50 mili of them iranian.ost our correspondent has more. reporter: israeli missiles in the skies above damascus overnight. was part of the biggest single strike by israel against nehboring syria in a generation. the assaults targeted iranian military positions deep inside the country, including a battery israel sailaunched a barrage of 20 rockets towards its territory.
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>> the iranian forces, the units deployed all over syria, 1600 kilometers away from iran. the iranians are aggressor they are the ones building offensive military infrastructure inside syria with the clear, outspoken goal of being le to mend and terrorize -- menace i and terrorizesraeli civilians. reporter: residents of the israeli-occupied golan heights have been ged to open bomb elters. >> you hear everything -- theve bombs,thing. reporter: syria's military says the israeli strikes killed three people. paey claim its air defenses destroyed a larg of the barrage. israel has seen the balance of rnwer change during the years of war and its norteighbor. it sees a growing threat from iran's presence in syria. the iranians are staying put, determined to suppor syrian regime. israel and iran have been on a collision course, and last night
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there was a significant escalation. as calm returned to the israeli-controlled territory, there was a call from russia and franceor restraint. but the u.s. accused iran of reckless actions. syria's war stl threatens to spin out further into the region. bbc news, in theolan heights. jane: all that comes after the u.s. announced it would pull out of the iran nuclear deal. added to that theevopments involving north korea, and it has been a pretty busy few days for u.s. foreign policy. what arehe political implications? i was joined a short time ago b gular analyst, former adviser to president george w. bush ron christie.on the prs are back and he has a time and date set for the summit. t how much d president need this boost? ron: good evening to you. anthink this was very impo for president trump to look like a strong leader of the world stage. he has been consumed with stormy daniels, questions about his election an nrussia, and ded to assert to citizens
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and people around the world that he was the foreign stage. on we saw the backdrop last night of the plane, the american flag , a very happy and good-looking shot of those three hostages, and donaldru looked very strong last night. jane: do voters in america really care about foreign policy except when it goes wrong? ron:ca i think the when it goes on, but i think they care when it goes right in this inldance. dorump looked presidential. they want their president to look strong, they want the president to look in control, and he looked in control with this particular optic. and en they might hear on th evening news or the bbc that the president is going to meet with kim jong-un in singapore and e ey think, donald trump is mixing it up on rld stage and things look good for him right now. jane: he is casting himself in the role of the dealmaker, and as you say, he obviously likes this presidential image he is being able to portray. but as the stas get higher, how difficult might it be to walk away from this summit? ron: it will be very difficult
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at this juncture. you have american diplomats y getting ready for this you have the security team from north korea prepping for this. this seems to be one where mike pompeo has gone to north koreaic already. donald trump has to deliver. he is a dealmaker, he is a reality tv star, now president, and now he has to stepannto the stagdeliver, and the deliverable is can we have 15 rea denuclearized north peninsula with south korea? jane: the other thing he dealt for his base is he pulled out of the iran nuclear deal. critics say it undermines u. credibility. what do you think? ron: i think it strengthens his hand. this is something he said he was going to do. this was not a treaty submitted to the united states senate, which is required to have a legal biing in the united states. trump went in and said this was not a legal document, the united states was not bound to it. barack obama was, but the country wasn't. he will hold out tha renegotiate with the iranians.
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it is in america's best interest to still have that dialogue. i would not be surprised in the next couple of days we hear donald trump say here are my s sittions for iran, let' at the table. jane: the question is whether or not iran wants to negotiate with mr. trump. ron: remains to be seen. jane: figure for joining me. ron: good to see you. jane: quick look at the day's other news. swornir mohamad has been a inprime minister of malaysia 15 years after he stepped down. suppters wave flags and cheered in kuala lumpur. the man who governed for more than two decades has become the world's oldest elected leader. at least7 people have died with hundreds more left homeless after a private dam in kenya burst in the middle of the night. rivers of mud and debris floated flooded nearbyomes, sweeping away entire villages. weeks of heavy rain put the dam in the northwest of the country under enormous pressure. a large explosion has been
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ball canat the kilauea know which we than a week ago. lava has already destroyed residential areas and 2000 people have been forced to leave their homes. scientists fear it could lead to falling around the area. the u.s. magazine "ndtown country" has apologized to monica lewinsky over a social snub involving a charity event. the former white house intern caused a stir on social media after claiming she was disinvited because bill clinton rsvp's to the same event. the magazine said it regretted how the situation was handled. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, secury is tight in iraq head of the country's first electio since the defeat of the islamic state. we will have a report from mosul . the italian millionaire owner of
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the englis united tells the bbc he does not regret taking the cup on a controversialrip to myanmar. the team faced widespread criticism for traveling to a widespreadused of ethnic cleansing of rohingya muslims. the owner denies he was putting his business interests over the reputation of the club. enour correspospoke to him in yangon. reporter: the day yorkshire came to yangon. united fans made the journey to myanmar, a choice of destination which plunged the club into a political row in light of the countries persecution of muslims. undeterred, the visitors post at one of buddhism's holiest sites. the club owner claims the trip was about using football to bring communities together and not just helping his commercial companies.
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iat do you say to people who say you are morenterested in making money than e reputation -- re we don't make any money out of this. rter:ou but yave business ventures in myanmar. >> of course i interest and i and wegood relationship for theting a project football team and the media and we are happy to visit our friend reporter: leeds has been given a warm welcome by excited burmese fans controversy.e of the the match is now underway, but what happens tonight othe pitch doesn't really matter. the more significant outcome is for the reputation of leeds united. for the record, an all-star myanmar side beat the inexperienced leeds team. but many question the wisdom of walking into a politically sensitive arena in the first place. bbc news, yangon.
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jane:d iraq will hgeneral election this week, the first osince the defethe islamic state group. our middle east editor jeremy bowen reports from mosul, the biggest city to fall under i.s. control. jeremy: fouyears the mosque s the symbol of mosul until the jihadists of the islamic state blew it to pieces last year when they were on the brink of defeat. the ruins are still a symbol of what the extremists did to iraq, and of the risks of another political failure after this weekend's elections. in iraq, failure doesn't just mean not rebuilding cities destroyed by war. only a few of the thousands who lived in the center of mosul have found a way back.
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volunteers patrol the ruins, still collecting war dead. when politicians fail in ais country ragile, it can mean the deaths of a lot of people. some neighbors are helping each other rebuild. like most people in mosul, they are sunni. he worries that shia fighters could influence the election. "we don't want sectarianism. it will destroy ." this man said that if iran left, they could live in peace forever. and if i' doet, iraq is finished. many want the election to be a new start. this candidate, part of a wave of younger candidates, said the
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old gued sectarianism to generate loyalty through fear. >> people now are more angry. thin 200 were happy because saddam regime was dismissed. in 2009 it was between shia and sunni. people were busy fighting each other. not about the future. now i think the majority of people look at the government, politician especially when the old politicians in iraq, stop playing this game. let us rebuilding our country. jeremy: first, they will have to end corruption. powerful men steal public mone before it gets to the people who need it. whoever wins the election faces veryig challenges -- reconstruction, holding theth
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country toge, something the slide into another sectarian civil war. street, even a town. -- you can fix an alleyway, street, even a town. but when communities turn on other, it rips the heart out ofbl country. puic events happen with a lot of security. iraq' elite fighters are well-trained, but there are limits to what the leaders can control. foreign inrvention has had deadly consequences, and it might do again. iraq will have to work hard to stay out of the crisis between iran and its three main enemies saudi u.s., israel, a arabia. watching closely are the men f the popular mobilization units. their leader is a credible candidate for prime funded by iran and they are deeply anti-american. >> iraq has turned into a battlefield by america and other countries fighting each other.
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but when we look at what is happening with america pullingnu out of the iraear deal, it shows how americans are not interested in peace in the area. s,l they want is for the w disputes, tensions, and sectarian fights to continue in the middle east. jeremy: mosul held its spring festivalor the first time since the americans and british invaded in 2003. they want a new beginning. they hope the electionill give them one. the current prime minister is favored to win, but foing a government can take a long timee . some of the dead in the warai agt i.s. were commemorated. the hopes of iraqis are real,t bu are their fears after years of killing. the biggest obstacle to a new start might not come from within, but from the middle east's spiraling and deadly crisis.
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jeremy bowen, bbc news, mosul. jane: a daunting task indeed. the humble bicycle has been a mainstay of china's city streets for decades, but i recent months, giant mountains of discarded bikes have been popping up across the country. authorities arencountering rented bicycles that they say are clogging city streets. john sworth has the story. hnjoit could be mistaken for a field of flowers, but look closely. this is a crf op notants, but metal and rubber. thousands upon thousands of bike s impounded. bike-sharing has taken china by storm. of a phone,h a wave ired can be hired or off-h
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anywhere. with innovative technology has a frenzy of it speculation. chinese cities have been deluged with bikes, millions of them. backedith huge investment in dozens of companies have been fighting for market share, resultn g iocked pavements and a random sprinkling of abandoned bikes almost everywhere you look. atiese cities, theho have had enough. the extraordinary thing is that many of these bikes are brand-new, hardly used at all. forget stock market bubbles and property bubbles, forget the dot-com bubble. this is one with wheels on. aringis chi's bike-sh bubble. photos of other bik mountains have been popping up online. this is shanghai -- yes, those really are bikes down there.
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but the reality is china faces a far bigger transport challenge -- traffic congestion, chronic pollution, and a growing health crist . and it is st bikes that blocked pavements. the bike company's now plan to use the huge amount of collect to monitor rider behavior and penalize that parking, and they insist chinese cities still need them. >> the cities are definitely supporting us. of course it needs to be -- there needs to be a framework to regulate the growth of the industry, but frt a general po view, taking a step back, cities want this meeting method because - this community method because it reduces pollution and congsotion. it is our responsibility to provide this in a thoughtful and responsible approach. john: as the chinese bike -sharing schemes arriveore
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cities around the world, lessons, they, saywill have been learned. sjoworth, bbc news, beijing. jane:ot we have af rental bikeson in washinbut not that many. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching abc world newsmerica." >> with the bbc news app, oural vertideos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your w o to the newsf the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trus f download nm selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing sotions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form d our mind, anthen we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams.or your tw is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsoredy newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening, i'm john yang. judy woodruff is on vacation. on the newshour tonight, setting the date: president trump says his meeting with north korean leader k jong un will take place in singapore in june. also, israeli warplanes strike dozens of iranian targets in syria amid rising tensions in the middle east. plus, investigating american deaths in niger-- the pentagon w details wht wrong during an ambush that killed four american soldiers. and, culture at risk: the environmental and historicalpr stakes of the esident's decision to shrink utah's bears rs national monument. >> bears ears the monument' is the heline, but the fight itself goes far beyond just monuments. it goes to the relationship of the united states government


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