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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 14, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible b the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision.de we see its form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel.y we strip awaerything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. talk of peace amid scenes of violence. as america opens its new embassy in jerusalem, dozens of palestinians are shockedis at by eli forces. in iraq, voters have spoken and given a boosto a longtime critic of the united states. and with just five days to go,ea we are getting for the royal wedding. some american places are pulling out all the stops. katty: if, like me, invitation got lost in the post but you still want to be treated like a royal, there is something for that in washington, too.
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laura: t welcoour viewers on public television in america and around the globe. palestinian officials say that israeli forces have shot dead more than 50 protesters in gaza. more than 2000 palestinians are reported to have been injured. it comes on the day the u.s. opens its new embassy in jerusalem, fulfilling one of president trump's campaign promises. the white house has blamed hamas for the violence. from jerusalem, the bbc's middle east editor jeremy bowen starts our coverage. jeremy: palestinians call the protest the great march of return. for many of the young people who rushedhe border with israel, it was a one-way journey. israel used tear gas and bullets.
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the prime minister said the security forces were defending israel'sro bordersm its sovereignty, and its citizens. the dead and wounded, he said, werehe fault of hamas,la the mic resistance gaza.ment over palestinians say their rage comes from i ael's brutality and denial of the right to independence. protests and killing went on for most of the day. in jerusalem, police scuffled with israeli policidcampaigners e the new american embassy. peaces left of israel's movement, this is a dark day. inside the u.s -- inside, the u.s. marines showed their colors, and so has the trump administration. it has broken with international consensus that jerusalem's status is undecided, so the embassy should stay in tel aviv. daughter trump's
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ivanka did the honors. he ivanka trump: we welcome you officially for the first time to the embassy in jerusalem, the capital of israel. thank you. jeremy: her father appeared on video. pres. trump: is a sovereign nation with the right like every other sovereign nation to wtermine its capitalown. yet for many yeafailed to knowledge the obvious, y e plane realat israel's capital is jerusalem. husband is ao s senior adviserr father. they celebrated with israel's prime minister. prime minister netanyahu: what a glorious day. remember this moment. this is history. president trump, by recoizing history, you have made history. jeremy: moving the embassy is a triumph for prime ministerah neta a promise kept for president trump, and most
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israelis are happy. but so far there is no evidence to back mr. netanyahu's claim that it is good for e. in ramallah on the west bank, palestinians demonstrated against what americans call the new reality. and against older ones. t are the symbols ofiohe dispossess of 750,000 refugees never allowed back after israel beat the arabs in the 1948 war. >> we are marching in the best traditions of martin luthe and gandhi, peacefully, nonviolently. insisting our right of jerusales ur capital and our right of protest. s nothing will break u not netanyahu, not israel, not the united states. distributedelis flowers to palestinians
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eyologizing. there apologizing for this -- an annual march by nationalistic israelis through the overwhelmingly palestinian muslim quarter. israel'seeb celtes capture of east jerusalem from jordan in the 1957 more. on the, streeit has been tense and angry. s mostly it noise and insults. sometimes it boiled over. >> nobody is saying that arabs can't live her-- jeremy: you find it hard to say the word "palestinians," don't you. >> there are arabs in this area. cajeremy: why don't yo them palestinians? >> there is no reason to. jeremy: why? >> there is no such thing as the
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palestinian people. there never has been. jeremy: there is always tension and hatred in jusalem, and on days like this it is very stark. it is the center of the conflict between israelis and palestinians. the future of this city is the most politically radioactive issue in the entire middle east. people will suffer and die leaders on both sides cannot calm this crisis. the americans believe that with saudi support, they can persuads palestiniao accept less than the state they want. nearly people live for 2 million little hope, less patienc. me a short joined time ago with the latest. it has been a very tense tod. what is th atmosphere like i night? jeremyink that people are wondering about what is going to
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happen tomorrow, whether or not leaders mana to calm the situation down, or whether there might be more violence. i believe that in gaza, they are -- the plan is that there will bee sg funerals tomorrow, and what often happens is that after the funeral, if it is caused in the way that those funerals have happened, theregh be violence after it. those people might march down towards the boer wire again. they may be told by leaders not to do it. i doe't know. is a risk now of the bloody cycle starting, and that is a dangerous thing. laura: both the americans and israelis say they hope that moving the u.s. embassy to jerusalem will ultimately lead peace. what is the mood among the people you are speaking to? jeremyat the u.s. embassy this afternoon, i was there for the ceremony, there was a tremendous sense of satisfaction.
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a sense of triumph. th news from gaza was getting throh, but people weren't all that bothered about it, because they said that israel is on the right track. thmost opeople in the audience were americans, supporters of donald trump, jewish supporters of donald trump who have come over to celebrate for them a very big moment. but while all that was going on, there were these terrible scenes happening in gaza. if you juxtapose the two sites, ihink it illustrates the massive gap between those two views of this conflict, this very old conflic laura: jeremy bowen in jerusalem, thank you. earlier i also spoke to the director of the middle east program at the center r strategic and international studies. this is the bloodiest day for palestinians in four years. the white hoe is blaming
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hamas, and the palestinians are saying this is an israeli massacre. what is your assessment of the situation? >> you have an increasing number of hopeless palestinians. hamas has much less control over gaza, much less political legitimacy. fatah also has diminishing legitimacy. think that part of this, not all of it, but part of it is just desperate young palestinians, many of them men, who say i don't lie the point of ng in a prison forever, i am going to go down fighting. in some ways it is easier to shape the violence if there is somebody leading it. if nobody is leading it, it is becomes very hard, as we saw in the intifada. firstlaura: the trump administraon says that moving the embassto jerusalem is just recognizing reality and that is the first step towards enhancing the chances r peace. what is your reaction to that? jon: it is reality that a lot of
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the american government is in jerusalem. a significant part of the israeli government is in tel aviv -- the defense ministry, the mossad, are l in tel aviv. israelis have recognized the reality of essentially having a formal capital, and where the defense establishment is, the united states has worked with that. that is a reality. i'm not sure that as a first step it really changes anything in a positive way, because it gives away a tool the u.s. may have used, and gives the palestinians a sense that the u.s. is 100% on the israeli side, and what do we get for it' i't think we have seen an israeli concession, not seen a move towards peace.o it seems a dead-end. laura: and yet the administration says it has the middle east peace plan under wraps, but what chance at success does it have if the u.s. is seen as firmly in israel's camp.
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jon: very low. the administration's analysis is ist the problem with peace that the palestinians felt too emboldened and the israelis felt to besieged. by taking israel'side, in makes the israelis feel more comfortable. i'm not sure that analysts look at the situation and said that israel is too weak and the palestinians are too strong. thura: right, but what impact does this have ou.s. allies in the region who see the bloodshed today? saudis, jordanians, uae, can they bring pressure to bear with washington? jon: governments in the regionfe compatible with the top -- trump they are tired of the palestinian leadership, tired of the issues in many ways. i think the governments feel the strategic need is to build closh ties wittrump administration and they are soth relieved thaadministration seems more engaged in the middle east than the obama administration did. on the public level, the
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palestinian issue remains a huge moral issu and the united states has cast its lo unequivocally with the immoral side. laura: on the essence of the peace plan, do you see this violce continuing? jon: i think there is likely to be some violence. it is hard to put to a stop to it without the leadership. i think you are going to have increasi with mahmoud abbas, the palestinian president. where this goes, i don't know, but israelis don't think this is the biggest problem they have. they think it is iran. laura: thank you for joining us. in other news, u.s. firs lady melania trump has undergone arg al procedure to treat a benign kidney condition. she will remain at walter reed medical center the rest of the week. her spokeswoman says the proc there were no complications. a leading indian politician and former u.n. diplomat has been charged in connection with the n ath of his wife for years ago. she was found deadhotel room.
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she was poisoned. despite earlier suspicions she was murdered, police have charged him with cruelty and abetting her suicide. in iraq, the shia cleric muqtada al-sadr is headed forto v in the parliamentary election. current prime minister haider al-abadi failed to do as well as expected. the director of the national security council during the bush and obama administrations joins ed me a short time ago. what is driving the support for muqtada al-sadr's alliance? l in part this is driven turnout. muqtada al-sadr has a political machine that turns o voters, and in a low-turnout election, that magnifies his vote share. but not that much. this is not that different from what was expted.
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sadr's victory is a 16.5% of the seats. someone will have to put together the votes to get a coalition, as european watchers know much better than americans tend to. putting together these coalitions is very hard. the fact that sadr has 16% when wemany watcher thinking and hoping that prime minister abadi would get 18% and he instead has 14gereally doesn't chan the math all that much. laura: but what was muqtada al-sor's message that was appealing? he is both anti-u.s. and anti-iran. douglas: a mildly pro-saudi. he is talking corruption. he is the one driving the demotrations in the major cities every friday for about the last two years. he has been beating the drum on corruption. that message sold. laura: he is the king maker now. who is he going to back as prime minister of iraq? douglas: i think "kingmaker" gives him a little too much ominence.
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nonetheless, his most likely ally is haider al-abadi's faction, although whether haider al-abadi remains the candidate,l you coread this as a no-confidence vote for him. whether he can remain as prime ministert s not clear. do have an election, a successful one, and haider al-abadi has accepted he has lost this election. the peaceful transfer of power is the big story really. laura: what do you think this ection tells us about th future direction of iraq 15 years after the u.s.-led invasion? douglas: ts is more or less status quo. the really interesting story is haider al-abadi's success in sunni areas. he did not do well in the shia eats inbut he got 12 nineveh province. in mosul, a purely sunni heartland, defeating the aditional nineveh-based party. we are seeing some breaking down of snow-sectarianism in iraq. laura: what was the view of
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muqtada al-sadr when you were in government douglas: i think it is safe to say a decade ago no one saw muqtada al-sadr being in this e, anti-iranian, mildly pro-saudi nationalist anticorruption candidate. that is not where anyone pictured him a decade ago. laura: what does his support say about the mood in iraq right now? douglas: i thinkhe mood's dissatisfaction with the government that has mismanaged the country, mismanaged corruption -- no, they have managed corruption very well. be correct, not managed -- been corrupt, not managed the economy well. citizens of iraq are fed up with st 15 years of what they have seen from their political class. i think this is a no-confidence vote on the system. they want to shake it up.e we will politicians listen. laura: how do they feel about the fight against the islamic state? douglas: they are on board with that. they are happy with the fight against islamic state. perversely, were the fight against islamic state still going on, haider al-abadi might
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have stayed in power, but i think voters have looked past that. they are looking at corruption, jobs, the economy. they want a government to deal laura: thanks much for joining us. douglas: my pleasure. a: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, they have marched and mobilized, but will 2018 be thee of women at the ballot box? our next guest says not so fast. extraordinary changes are coming for the kingdom of saudi arabia. crown prince mohammad bin salman is overseeing dramatic reforms. among them, the opening of the first cinema and 35 years and a relaxation in the law that would allow saudi women to dry. if women want to get behind the wheel and they will need car. a new exhibit in riyadh might
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help them decider hat type of ey want to drive. think about it as one of the world's most unique car shows. this report from our correspondent. reporter:ok this all fairly familiar. checking out how comfortable the seat is, examining the switches and dials. in a small way, this is nothing short of revolutionary. at this exhibition, women can size up the cars. >> i am so start driving, and i want to look at the cars and the models, the prices, the options. it is great to get to know the cars. >> it a nice step for saudi people, especially for the saudi woman to be independent so she can finish her own work without relying on someone els her brother or father. reporter: gender equality on the
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natinl's roads is not the recent reform. cinemasve theaters haeopened after a ban that lasted more than three decades. a new telesion channel is being launched that is supposed to be aimed at the youer, more modern an ience. the mahind these changes, erown prince mohammad bin salman , has said his gation wants to live a normal life. back at the exhibition, women can try out driving for themselves, but onlyn the carpark. come june 24, they will be out on the open road. laura: 2018 is being called the year of the woman. across the united states, there are more female candidates and donors than ever before. m can thentum translate to victory in november, or are
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-- in november? a short time ago i discussed this with julie kohler, senior vice president of democracy alliance. julie kohler, record numbers of women are nning for office, but do you expect record numbers of women will be elected? julie: we are veou optimistic what 2018 will bring. however, the problem is that we have not on the progressive side invested in the kind of infrastructure, had thkind of strategic investment, and provided the kind of mentoring e ure that these gains will not just happen in 2018 but over the long term. laura: we have to some degree seen this movie before. tell us what happened in 1992, another year of the woman. julie: exactly, that is how we remember the year, women did make record gains in terms ofl leadership at vels around the country. it is incredibly exciting. but unfortunately, in 25 years, too little has changed. women still comprise only 20% of incongress and lower levelhe states.
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what we need to do is not only wait for this wave of energy and activismo fuel another surge of female candidates, but be recruiting and building that bench of talenyear in and year out. laura: we areeeing so many women running for the house of reesentatives, but are they going to have access to the same money and political consultants on speed dial as the men? julie: there are incredible organizations like emily's list that are providing those resources for women candidates, and that is exciting. but what we have to get better about in the progressive community is identifying talent very early. in the conservative side, they recruit talented individuals in comege campuses and bring t to washington, provide the training, and mentor them throughout their careers.ee weon the progressive side to do the same thing. laura: for years in politics, the gatekeeper has determinedat who the candis and who gets the money. in the era of donald trump, is that changing?
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julie: it is going to have to, and the exciting thing is we are oarting to see women running very different typ campaigns. they are running campaigns that are hyperlocal and trying to be responsive to community dynamics. they are staying true to their progressive values but making sure they reflect their community.is the bottom linhat if you have the right candidates, the money will follow. we need to learn the lesson. laura: is there also an issue about whether women voters necessarily respond to women running for office? na trump triumphed with white working-class women without a college education. julie: that's right. there is more to be doneo make re that women support progressive candidates. but we are seeing some signs.sing in the primaries last week we saw so many women candidates nning in their primaries prevail. i believe that if we run strong candidates and provide them with the mentoring and support they need, voters will follow. laura: julie kohler, thank you so much for joining us. julie: thank you.
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laura: one woman in the notlight this week is meg markle. in five daysshe will marry prince harry at windsor castle. it is not onlyhe u.k. where royal wedding fever has broken out. katty kay shows us how shgton is getting in the act. katty: a couple centuries ago, america had a major falling out with britain's royal family. king george iii was booted out in the war of independence. fast-forward to may 2018, and americans cannot get enough of the royal wedding. >> t highest level. on the especially with the world the way it is right now, it is funto to comther over something that is so fun katty: one bar in washington has re-created st. george's chapel. there are stained-glass windows, even white roses and pes. the royal wedding look-alike as people lining up down the block. >> gotten here sometimes before one hour it opens and the line
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is down the block. to make sure we will get in, get our drinks. >> i left work early to get in line. urtty: if, like me, invitation got lost in the post but you still want to be treated like a royal, there is something for that in washington, too. this hotel is offering a well package for $75,000 -- yes, you heard that correctly, $75,000. it includes two first class airline tickets, two nights in the royal suite, a chauffeur, personal chef, and a $10,000 gift card. a this is special because we were all concernut harry and where he wa wgoing. now thhave cemented this relationship with the u.s., i think lots opeople are out there wanting to see this be a tremendous success. kay: it is not windsor, bu washington has a severe case of wedding fever. katty kay, bbc news.
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we can't wait for tha royal weddin i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news othe day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentations is made pole by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financ >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it srts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away erything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff.he onnewshour" tonight, two very different scenes in the middle easti amid celebraons of the u.s. embassy opening in jerusalem,es more than 50 pnian protesters are killed along israel's border with gaza. then, one on one with the health d human services secreta alex azar. we disss what the trump administration is doing to tamp down prescriion drug prices. and putting a face on the anxiety, depression, and other ment health problems million of college students struggle with every day. >> i would just sit ere, wrapped in a blanket, the achievement of the day was i go bed... everything felt like the world was like, like there was a layer of cotton,r

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