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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 1, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, f kovlndation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a visio we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in e way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams.
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your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm rajini vaidyanathan.p president trnfirms that the on-off summit with north korea is bk on. ju says he will be heading to singapore for th 12 meeting with kim jong-un. pres. trump: i think w going to have a relationship and it will start on june 12. rajini: europe, mexico, and canada pledged to retaliate on the tariffs on steel and aluminum imports. >> it has been a crazy, crazy ride. rajini: penny findsim hself of the center of the news after a finds himself he
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at the center of the news after a case of mistakeny. identit rajini: welcome to our viewers on public televisionarn america annd the globe. after days of uncertainty, we now have confirmation that the ndghly anticipated summit between the u.s.orth america is going ahead. president trump made the announcement today aftmet with the first official from north korea to ever visit the white house. kim yong chol, a close aide to kim jong-un, was in washington to hand dever a letter to mr. trump. chris buckler ports. chris: the white house made a point of doing everything but rolling out the red carpet to weome a former north korea intelligence chief. in the past, the uniacd states has sed kim yong chol of crimes and an attack that killed dozens of south korean smen. but today he was whisked throu
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curity to meet the president inside the oval office. and there, behind closed doors, he was handed the much talked about letter fm kim jong-un. they emerged side-by-side after more than an hour of discussions. a remarkable sight given that last year the two countries appeared close to conflict. but after all that talk of war, there were brief smiles. it seems they are prepared to discuss peace after all. the summit is back on. prestrump: we will be meetin on june 12 in singapore. it went very well. it was reay a getting to know you kind of situation. i think it will be a process. and i never said ietgoes in one g. i think it is going to be a process. but the relationships are building, and that is very positive. chris: it is just over a week ago that president trump sent his own letter canceling the summit based on rtat he called korea's tremendous anger and open hostility.la but th two days of talks between kim yong chol and the u.s. secretary of state mikeav pompeo seem toimproved
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relations. but it is not clear whether they have really agreed on even what denuclearizationeans. do you think he is committed -- pres. ump: yeah, i think so. you would like -- he would like to see it happen. he wants to be careful. s not going to run and d things. but i told him, to be honest with you, we have sanctions on, they are very powerful sanctions. we would not take sanctions off. chris: if kim jong-un's letterke did difference, it was a gesture, not its contents. president trump had not taken it out of the envelope by the time he waved goodbye to north korea's right-hand man. the comings and goings of diplomacy can be difficult to follow at this white house. chris buckler, bbc news, washington. rajini: for more on thming summit, i was joed a short ti ago by michael crowley, national security editor at politico. good to ha you with us. the president said this is like
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getting to know u plus summit. how do you interpret that? is that a lowering of expectations? michael: i think so. the president has focused on the summit and i assume getting at input from his advisers. he is realizing what is obvious from what has been known to national security professionals for a long time, which is that you ca leader of north korea and in one session resved the decades-long dispute this intractable problem of the growing north korean arsenal, nuclear arsenal. there is no chance that kim jong-un is going to agree to riftly surrender his nucl program in one meeting with the president. this has to be the beginning of an ongoing process. i think we are starting to see that president trump is beginning to grasp that. rajini: are we seeing a change
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of strategy in how they approach this? michael: i have to tell you, it has been difficult to discern any strategy. the strategy up untinow had been to impose what president trump calls maximumes re on kim and to possibly psychologically intimidate him with blustery threats to make the north koreans think trump is capable of launching a preemptive attack on his country nce the leaders agreed t sit down and talk, trump officials have been inconsistent in their public statements about iwhat the u.s. positiand what america's expectations are. the pr ident himself has changed his tone back-and-forth. i think it is hard to discern any strategy, and that is what makes manyxperts nervous, that trump is going into this without a clear game plan. rajini: the president said today that he does notant to use the term "maximum pressure" anymore. when it comes to the summit, who has the stronger hand, the u.s. or north korea? michael: well, it is a little difficult to say. it is very good news for kim
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that he is getting this meeting with an american president.so thisthing that he and his father wanted for a long time. american presidents were notra willing to a meeting like this before the north koreans made significant concessions about their nuclear and missile programs. kim has not had to do that. i think that trump's willingness to have this meeting demonstres that kim is succeeding in that regard, that trump really wants some kind of foreign policy breakthroalh, possibly ang point for the midterm elections. at the same time, after trump canceled the meeting, re north koreponse was very moderate and very much inviting trump back to the table, saying let's keep doing this. there r wasl sign from the north korean side that they wanted to keep this alive, and this is a government toft is n making blustery threats about "pond scum american officials," threatening to nuke the united states. it is hard to moy who wants it . we will learn a lot more once
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they sit down together. rajini: we have 12 days to go and a lot could happen. thanks very much for joining us. michael: thanks for having me. n that president trump has confirmed that the meeting ahead,m jong-un will go all eyes are on the tiion of singapore, which is hosting the summit. our correspondent reports on how they are getting ready for the big event. reporter: fense chiefs from all over the world gathered in hengapore this weekend for top security summit in the region. and singapore is taking no chances with this event.a ssive contingent of police has sealed off the venue. i was here just yesterday, and there was nothing. the security apparatus has literally turned out overnight. singap very used to getting ready for these sortof events very quickly. all of this is a dress rehearsal for the summit of the centuryt between presidump and kim
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jong-un, which will be held in siapore in just under two weeks. singapore is no stranger to high-profile meetings. in 2015, it was the venue for the historic china-taiwan summit. one of the reasons it was chosen is because it had good relations with both sides. singapore has reputation for being efficient and safe, and positions itself as a neutral player on the global stage. for someone like president doesn't hurt that it also boasts the picture-perfect skyline for those photopo unities. behind the scenes, some preparation is already underway. >> everything is being done on m very low-keyner, but things in the background are happening. a lot of procurement activities going on right now. >> the singapore government is very efficient. wey.re known for our efficie it is just a matter of time. everyone wl see how efficient we are to putting something like
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this up in a short span of time. reporter: away from the serious stuff, singapore is also getting ready to have some fun. meet the trump and kim cocktails, a blend of bourbon and soju, inspired by the men the drinks are named after. if the summit is successful, a toast to world peace may be in order. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. spain''s prime minister has b forced from office by a no-confidence vote. mariano rajoy congratulated the new prime minister, socialist pedro sanchez. the opposition put forwafi at the no-cnce motion after the governing party was implicated in a corruption scandal. a judge in belgium has drawn up terror charges against a tunisian man linked to the deadly bombing in brussels two years ago. he is accused of being part of
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the terror cell which killed2 people and wounded hundreds. he is serving a 20-year sentence for his involvement in aoo ut with police in brussels which took place days before the bombing. 1 after a germwas alerted escape fromg cat the local zoo, it is revealne that they har left their inclusions. this gives of lions and tigers and a jaguar from the zoo which flooded overnight sparked a iemajor search by the auths, and residents were urged to stay inside their homes. it is still unclear why the animals were reported missing in the first place. some of america's closest lies have been hitting back after the u.s. imposed new tariffs on steel and aluminum impor the u.s. europe, canada, and mexico have l made plans to retaliate with levies on billions of dollars of u.s. goods ranging from peanut butter to motorcycles. butde amid talks of a tar, how has industry been reacting? the bbc's nick bryant has beenni
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to pennsylto find out. nick: bethlehem, pennsylvania, used to be a powerhouse of the u.s. steel industry. then it became a rustseelt power baf donald trump. after the closure of its main steel plant 20 years ago, many here felt like economic castaways, stranded in a globalized econo that left them behind. in the presidential election, bethlehem voted republican for the first time since the 1980's. >> we have 30,000 people working here at one time. nick: this former steelworker does not even like donald trump, but he loves the impositio these tariffs. >> i think they are going to the economy, i think they are going to help the general public. i think it is a good thing, and i don't think the sky is going to fall. n nick: you' worried about the impact of a trade war? >> i'm not worried about it. it has been done before. it hasn't hurt. it is actually 34 years too late. rajini: the trump administration claims it is protecting national
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bocurity, but this is more the steel industry and rust belt towns. donald trump believes he is rewarding his loyal supporters, and does not seem that worried about angering america's closest allies. tonight the president singled out the european union for criticism. pres. trump: if you take the european union and you see the kind of tariffs they charge and we don't, that is called not fair trade. want fair trade.ni : but the european union is not taking it without a fight. it is retaliating and calling donalds trump's acti dangerous game. >> this is further weakening the transatlantic relations.cr it also ses the risk of severe turbulence in the market globally.n protectionism ver be a solution. this will hurt jobs here in the euhepean union but also in t u.s. nick: harley davidson motorbikes arbyon a tariff target list the euhat also includes levi jeans and whiskey.
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there habeen a rapid response from america's neighbors, canada and mexico, imposing tariffs on $13 billion worth of u.s. exports. tonight in the u.k., the perme mini stressed her deep disappointment, calling it an unjustified decision, words reiterated by her tre secretary. >> it is very unfortunate if we get into the tit-for-tat position, especially with one o our closlies. nobody wins in a trade war. there are only casualties. walessteelworks in has battled for survival in recent years. now comes more uncertainty for its workers. >> it is another kick in the teeth. after everything we've been through to establish ourselves in the glol market and knowing this has been thrown on to our lap through no fault of our own. nick: britain exports 360 million pounds of steel to
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america each yr, and industry iefs warned that the tariffs could have devastating effects.t >> behem, pennsylvania,er where evchristmas, a huge star glows from the hilltop. every other night in the year, the skies are lit by the furnaces of metal stee nick: it is way too early to say ve the steel plant -- the heyday of the industry is a thing of the past. but it is fueling the sense of rust belt revival and emboldening donald trump. nick bryant, bbc news, pennsylvania. rajini: for more on the potential impact othese tariffs, i'm joined by douglas -eakin, an economic adviser in the admintration of george w. bush and is now president of the american action forum. good to have you in the studio. we were watchi that video and the retired steelworker who said "i am not worried about the
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impact of a trade war." as someone who worked ine the white hoen another president imposed tariffs are you worried? douglas: i am far more worried than he is. harhedere more workers by tariffshelped. that was true when george w. bush imposed steel tariffs and reins true today. there is a net cost to doing this. pto announcede those were illegal and i expect those to happen here. you have imposed a cost on yourself and in the end you get nothing. then we get tit-for-tat from properly offended allies, canada, mexico, the eu those are important sources of steel from those and japan. this is being done on national security councilrd to it is to get national security grounds. this is beingo -- done on national security grounds. it is hard to imagine canada or britain is national security
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threats. you are in the whiow house today, would you be responding to those strong comments from european allies, canada, and mexico? douglas: the bright spot in all of this if there is one is that the agreement is to continue to negotiate. perhaps this is an interim step and we will get to eliminating the tathffs entirely. would i -- that is what i would focus on. rajini: i traveled around america during the 2016 campaign -- bringing tariffgdown were a thing, or bringing jobs back tomeca were a big thing on the campaign trail. could this backfire? s will trt american jobs with the retaliation from the eu potentially? douglas: i think there is always no question that it will. look at what happened today. candida response and imposes tariffs on u.s. steel. there are canadian companies importing from the u.s. in ok
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come we will just resource this. that hurts u.s. steelwoers. this is not going to work in the end. that is the lesson of not just economic theory, but actual experience with tariffs and this will come home one more time. rajini: what are the wider political applications? we are going into the g7 next week and some leaders say this will be g plus one and america will be isolated. douglas: there is no question that the cbination of the eel tariffs, aluminum tariffs, tariffs on chinese goods, and imposition on automobiles into the united states, the uss a multi-front trade -- the u.s. has a multi-front trade, if not war, problem. isolating the united state at this time is unwise from a broader perspective. rajini: what is theheay forward if.s. wants to negotiate? douglas: the way forward iatto
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take a loohether there are genuinely some protectionist ldtariffs out there that ce lowered. you give the president the fig leaf and get h to drop his. that would be the way forward on this. i don't see a big opportunity foitthat. the reis that the president had a campaign promise and said he was going to impose the tariffs and he has done it. but it is just not going to work. rajini: i thanks for comi douglas: thank you. rajini: you are watching "bbc world news america." t still to come ight's program, it is that enough to be a 30-year-old is a good by your parents, so imagine sharing the same name with someoneffho did and suing a case of mistaken identity. after a bbc investigation showed codeine addiction in a nigeria and april, three pharmaceutical company's workforce to shut down. now another opioid scourge is spreading.
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frontier ine latest .he war on opioid addiction thousands of young people in west africa are addicted to a painkiller. >> i feel very strong. i feel like i'm able to push a tree, because of the strength of the drug. reporter: it also makes him angry and confused. he cannot get work because of his addiction. nigeria at northeast the center of the war agait boko haram. he volunteers as a vigilante ghter. run, the way i i walk is different. it gives me strength to fight insurgents. reporter: the drug is making ngrriors out of ordinary y men. boko haram are onto it, too.
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when you take it, you are less afraid. it will make you strong and courageous. when you are going into battle, you are given a to take. reporter: it is not just in the northeast. it is only legal by prescription in nigeria, but illegal supplies are flooding into the country. there are no international restrictions on the drug, which makes it hder to control. that is because the world health organization says it has a low potential for abuse. but it is reewing the classification later this year. opioids are vital for stopping pain, but without more control, they could be doing a lot to cause it. bbc news, nigeria. italy has a new prime minister and government,
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three months of political uncertainty. little-known lawyer and academic giuseppe conte was sworn in alongside other cabinetst mis to lead western europe's first antiestablishment government. jenny hill reports. jenny: it is the moment europe has been waiting for, a newmi italian prime nister. conte, a law n professor wi political experience. sworn in one by one, a new government, antiestablishment coalition. it almost didn't happen at all. the first choice for foreignnd minister a fierce critic of the euro was rejected by the italian president.ta after desperats, a compromise in the shape of a more moderate academic who will now oversee italy's finances. an end to uncertainty, but perhaps the drama is only beginning. the new government is already dntroversial. it has promised toeport half a million migrants, to lowere
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taxes, spend m welfare. >> one thing to keep in mind is that italian governments hardlyi ever last the five-year legislature. i have no reason to believffthis will be ent, especially since you have two wildly different parties in the coalition. the far-right league has a tough stance on immigration and the five-star movement really has a little bit more left-wing sympathies. that is an issue between them. >> the new government, it will be fine. it will be fine. we must change. at least we must try. >> i hope that this government rll start well. we are living inher special moment, so i believe that anyone now can do well and do better. we will see, but at least we should test them. jenny: the eurozone will be watching. the government rejectsrity and plans to spend its way to owth. all smiles today, but this
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country, with its huge debt, may have to do battle with the likes of brussels and berlin. jenny hill, bbc news, rome. rajini: this is my favorite story of the day, i think. member the case of michael rotondo? he was the 30-year-old who was literally evicted by his parents afmr refusing to move out f home and find a job. while many ous laugh or rolled our eyes at the affair can one fellow new yorker began getting some ieresting calls. that is because he shares the same name, the same age, and y , he still lives with his parents. but he swears the caught it. buddyi woke a u sends me a link to a bbc article this is funny, you getting sued by your parents?"
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like,ei'm the same name.unny, same spelling. sa age. my inbox has been filled with many people laughing ate, basically saying "poor mike." coincidentally, also happened to be looking fo a place. ride. been a crazy, crazy my parents have actually been very supportive of me. i am not getting sued my parents. rajini: maybe it is time for michael to move out of home.
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you can find more on all the day's news on a website, including the latest on our top story president trump's announcement that the summit with north korea is backn for june 12 in singapore. i am rajini vaidyanathan. thanks for watching "world news america." have a great weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos e designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuingso tions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vis we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we sip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, youroals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: president trump says the meengng with kim n will take isace, after a senior north korean official vs the white house for the first time in almost two s.deca also ahead, the strengthening u.s. economy. unemployment falls to the pwest rate in 18 years, as the president breatocol with an early hint of a good jobs report. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here. we discuss the trump administration's controversial trade moves, and whcoarse and even racist language is finding a new place in american life then, reviving a town with a painful past. how montgomery, alabamais moving forward, without completely erasing its history

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