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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 5, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the frman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions r america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that i standsn the way to reveal new possibilities.nt at purepinancial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your .reams. your tomorrow is n purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." janethis is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. a party without e guests of honor. president trump tells the philadelphia eags not to show up to their super bowl celebration. at least 69 people are dead in guatemala after a volcan eruption sent residents running for their lives. and plastic pollution is taking an increasing toll around the globe. while some countries arent stepping up corol, will change come fast enough?
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viewers onme to r public television in america and also around the glob football, the american kind, is known for its hard hits, strategy, and a fierce determinatioto win, all of which can be said about politics. once again, the two have collided. after disinviting super bowl champions the philadelph eagles, president trump instead hosted a concert on the lawn of the white house to celebrate america. the event was a last-minutech ge after the eagles accepted and then decided not to send aco largingent to their own party. the white house said that was a. political stun sarah sanders: once again, if this wasn't a political stunt, they would not have planned to attend the event and then backed out. if it wasn't a political stunt, they wouldn't haempted to reschedule an event for when they knew the president would be out of the country and they would not have waited until the very last minute to make these changes that this wasn't about some type of polical statement that they were trying to make
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towards this president. jane: the white house photo op is a staple of american sports and the championship team typically gets the presidential treatment. just not usually this sort of treatment.bb t's rajini vaidyanathan went to philadelphia to find ou what eagns themselves are making of it all. rajini: a few months ago, thela streets of plphia were packed with fans celebrating the local team the eagles winning the super bowl. tetoday, with news that th won't be going to the white house, the mood is somewhat different. ldoes it change how you f about your team? >> yes. yes. i'm a little disappointed with them don't know if i will be watching them much next year. >> i think people have a misconception about sports players that all they are supposed to do is plays and that is it. >> i think we are losing track of the purpose of the meeting, celebrating them being champions. it political issue.e a >> they can have an opinion, and
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if they don't want to go somewhere because if they don't agree with someone's values, they should be able to do so.hi >> as a nativedelphian, i think they do the right thing. honestly, none of the players kneeled during the season.is >>pointing that the president has chosen to mix politics and sports in the joint -- joy of our city. i'm sorry for the team and the players. rajini: for many people we've talked to, this comes down to oone thing, what it means pledge allegiance to the flag. ndes it means you should s for the national anthem, or does it to be the right to freedom of speech meaning you can protest if you want to? jane: raji vaidyanathan there. for more on the eagles versus white house match, i spoke earlier with north american reporter anthony zurcher. thanks for joining me. i thought all of this was settled -- donald trump won, the nfl told the players they couldn't kneel, and that was that. why has he started this fight again? first and foremost, it could be that he was trying to avoid embarrassment. it looked like a lot of philadelphia eagles players were not going to show up at the
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white house, smaller than imagined turnout. remember the golden state warriors, the basketballis fran they totally skipped an appearance at the white house last year after winning the championship. they went to the african americ museum instead. but donald trump's aides in thea white house toos that he would try to accentuate unexpected cultural flnts ndd exploit them into the midterm elections,hat includes possibly this nfl protest, which he has found successful in the past, could be the ms-13 "animals" line. could be any sort of thing, but he is trying to drum up support in his base and get them to turn out at the polls. jane: right now he is focused on the eagles, the philadelphia team. isn't this riskingnnoying people in philadelphia, a key city in a key state? anthony: pennsylvania was the pivotal state, the keystone state for donald trump's presidential victory in 2016. i going to be again. anytime you alienate any sort of fan base, particularly an eagles
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fan base, fanatical as you experienced in the past -- jane: i was there. anthony: that is risky. while there is benefits of agwrapping himself in the nd showing that you are patriotic, and he is extending this by saying that you cannot only not kneel you can't even stay in the locker room. you have to stand on the field with your hand on your heart and proudly sing the lyrics. he wants this fight to continue it is clear, even if this not havear one he ma chosen, forced on him because of possible embarrassment from the visit, he is going to play this up and see if he can make it a caaign issue. jane: what does this tell usou the way notions of patriotism have changed in america? anthony: for a long time patriotism transcended politics, and here we are with a president who seems more than willing to play this up and not only use ia as a way ty support for his cause but use it as a weapon
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against his political opponents. you saw ronald reagan, standing and speeches in front of flags, but this is different,ing opponents of lack of patriotism. jane: anthony zurcher, thanks for joining me. anthony: my pleasure. jane: let's stay with u.s.e politics, beca today voters in eight states have been castingallots in a series of primaries. while mr. trump is not himself running, it is a chance to test his popularity ahead of the november midterm elections, and the battlegrounds are wivaspread aned. from new jersey in the east to alabama and mississippi in the south and iowa in the midwest to south dakota and montana in e north, new mexico in the southwest, and of course california. over time ago i spoke to josh kraushaar, politics editor of "national journal." hoimportant are these primaries? josh: huge primaries, especially in california. california is the seat of the anti-trump resistance.
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there is more democratic party energy in california than any other state in the country. it has created a conflict because you have so much progressive ergy and so many candidates looking to run for congress that the pay has not been able to figure out who is a good candidate and get their favorite candidates on the november ballot. you have these unique rules in california. you can have so many democratic candidates and none of them make it to the november election. there is a chance for republicans tothin seats that otherwise would have trouble winning. jane: the house is the one area where the democrats could win. this is really bad for the josh: there is a lot at stake. california is the most important state for democrats if they want to win back control of the house. there are as many as 10 seats republicans hold that the democrats hope to contest. two or three o could come up automatically, very winnable ses, because of the unique system that california has in place. jane: this has been described as year of the woman. there are more women running for tion than any other time but a lot of them lack experience.
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is this going to be a disadvantage? josh: there is a lot of outsiders running generally for office. that is a good thing in general becausyou have a lot of good -- new energy for the democratic party. a lot of people saw donald trump's election and wanted to run onheir own and have their voice heard. the problem is sometimes these candidates aren't vetted and may have views on issues that are too extreme. r you neow -- this is what is happening in california -- some of these candidates look good at first but may not be good when they run a campaign. jane: the anti-trump momentum is uniting democrats, but what about republicans? josh: just like on the democratic side cultural issues are prominent, on the republicaa side culissues are at the top of the list. president trump likes to talk about immigration and so do the republican candidates, building the wall and tough enforcement. democrats are moving to the left vi immigration in california, republicans are trouble because their candidates are too far to the right. jane: josh, who votes in
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primaries? my ballot form was almost impenetrable in d.c. josh: usually it is the most committed acvists who want to see their party win. in california theyry to to expand the interest by having everyone on the same ballot -- that is part of this reform instituted a few years ago. the problem is it is so nfusing that no one can understand who is running, so you get less interest in any of -- inri many of theseries than you normally would. jane: what is the big thing you will be looking for tonight? josh: can democrats get on the ballot and can we see the turnout levels across many of states across the country continue to be reflected in california? jane: josh, thanks for joining me. josh: thank you. jane: i guatemala, the first funerals have taken place for the most violent volcanic erupon in a century. at least 69 people died after ewthe fuego volcano began g ash and mud on sunday. dozens of people are still missing, and whole villages were wiped out. thousands have been forced to takehelter in nearby schools and churches. from guatemala, aleem maqbool reports. aleem: the volcano may be
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shrouded ismoke, but it gives away little of the catastrhic ght here.it wou with more eruptions feored, further adic explosions of the volcano, a frantic recovery effort goes on. we are going in with one rescue asteam as close can get to the volcano. they have been digging for days into the ash, but there are so many bodies to be found. as we went in, we saw the recovery team coming out. they have been trying to find survivors, but the only living things they could bring up this time were abandoned chicns. and this is why -- the entire village was smothered in a thick blanket of burning volcanic ash. in somhomes, entire families were buried alive. the land wascarred and suffocated by lava and ash.
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the assault from t volcano came so fast, it is no wonder many simply had no chance of escape. survivors who did manage to flee for their lives have been left traumatized. ousands are now in makeshift shelters. 35 members of the extended lopez family fled as lava, ash flows,s and dengulfed their town. five of their relatives didn't ma' it, including francisc's brother and two grand nieces, age 12 and 14. the place is completely destroyed, he says. "i don't believe any of them surved, because the homes ar totally buried under the ashes. there is no more space in the morgue f more bodies." as night falls, they remember the dead and those presumed dead. even when bodies are found, so
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few victims have yet been identified. one rescuer said that when he did find bodies after hours digging, they looked like statues, so hard to recognize. aleem maqbool, bbc news, guatemala. jane: a quick look at the day's other news. vladimir putin says western sanctions against his cotry will hurt both sides. henn was speaking in viein his first visit to western europe in nearly a year. the british government has approved a plan for a third nnway at heathrow airport london. parliament will vote on the plan in the next few weeks. there has been almost five decades of debate on expanding airport capacity in the u.k. southeast. those backing it claim it is final for economic growth. others say it will natively ves andthe residents' l the environment. disgraced movie mogul harvey weinstein has pleaded not guilty to rapeul and sexual ast charges in new york. ngese are the first of a series of cases invol mr. weinstein. more than 70 womhi have accused m of sexual misconduct.
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he faces up to 25 years in i prisonfound guilty of eitherha of the two crges he faces. -- he'll be a deft ethiopia' ethiopia's governing coalition says it will accept a peace deal with eritrea. a land deal reterted disputed itory to eritrea, but that had been contested by ethiopia until now, and the two countries remain bitter enemies. the american fashion designer kate spade has been found dead at her new york city apartment , reportedly the result of the suicide. ms. spade founded her trademark rae of handbags and accessories in the early 1990's. she went on to sell the company, but her name remains synon with the brand. jmebbc's nada tawfikne a short time ago from new york. what do we know about the circumstances of her death? nada: the nypd says they are
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investigating this as a tragic suicide. the housekeeper found kate spade in the bedroom of her park avenue apartment unresponsive and called emergencyces. when they arrived, they said she waunconscious and they pronounced her dead. we know that there was a note founthere in the residence, and the associated press is reporting a law enforcement source is saying part of that letter had a message to her 13-year-old daughter. her family has put out a statement saying that they are, as you can imagine, very saddened by her tragic loss, and st asking for respect of privacy at this time. jane: there has been a tremendous outpouring on social media. w just w she so popular?ne nada: evers on social media sharing source of their first kate spade bag or sharing quotes from the designer. she really splashed onto the
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hene in the 1990's wi bright and cheerful designs. she wanted the handbag to be fun but also functional. it really came the accessory to own back th. many people have been reflecting that. itls ao is that besides being an talented designer, she was an entrepreneur that paved the way for other females that we have seen be so successful. m e started this brand froher apartment in new york and grew it to be this global lifestyle brand. even though she has not been r rking at the company -- she sold her stake odecade ago -- it has her signature look. jane: nada tawfik, thanks very much for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america." stsl to come on tonight' program, a year after the fight to retake raqqa began come we
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are learning more about the civilian toll of the battle. that story is just ahead. the challenge of integrating into a new country isbe not t underestimated. migrants faces prejudi as well as ignorance about their new world. a major new initiative is being launched in the u.k. to make three cies of central england officially migrant friendly and helpnt mig fill a skills gap and find workso in their new ety. this report from coventry. reporter: it is going to be britain's next city of culture. it is a ci of many different ones. the project will give new migrants and refugees the skills which will help them integrate more easily. this is one of the first groups to benefit. among them, people who have left their families to flee repressive rimes. >> i'm happy. reporter:? w
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what do you like about being here? >> is good for people. reporter: the west midlands is a hub for investment -- advanc many factors. 21% of the population was born outside the u.k. emore than 100 languages spoken here, and 33% of the inhabitants belong to ethnic binaries. -- minorities. to this country, i can see the barriers i faced being addressed in a project like this, and i must say that in that journey, the local community has an important part to play. reporter: the people who benefit from the scum from the most deprived and dangerous partsf the world. it is not just about learning
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job skills. -- this cityaving has a long and successful history of integration. ja: it has been a year since the start of the battle to retake the islamic state's syrian capital, raqqa. it took five months, but i.s. withdrew after aunprecedented rial bombardment by the western coalition which forced atreus. any report frnm amnesty inional -- a new report from amn the civilian cost to free the city was much greater than previously realized. quentiil somme reports. , american andqqa broughtfirepower the so-called islamic state to its knees and free the city from a script much later, the reality of
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liberation has the whole feel. in the battles final months, civilians, raqqa bombs from the coalition proved as dea y as the islamic state group. battle, thehe fami stuck together. grandchildren to grandparents, they set upom h where they could. mithoidi the frontline s moving house four times -- tioiding the front lines meant moving house foumes. this video was taken just before august 20 last yean when a coal airstrike hit their home. everyone you have just seen was killed. family members in total the bombing was relentless.
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hundreds died. ,f the 42 coalition strikes none were targeted by the royal air force. this was the most precise bombing campaign in history, says the u.s.-led mission. inn interview from their headquarters, they t bla carnage on the islamic state's use of human shiel. >> the people of raqqa,we they definitely grateful for the removal of the islamic state from raqqa. as you went inhere liberators. shouldn't you have served the people of raqqa better? >> i think we serve the people of raqqa to the best of our ability and againstsen enemy thattactics that no one suspected used. again, we are the ones that liberated raqqa. did it come at a price? sure, but it is a time of war
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and that is what happens sometime but we went to extreme levels to avoid innocent civilians. three homes belonging to a family were destroyed by american airstrikes year and a half ago. they still have the remnants of one of the u.s. bombs which killed nine of the family. but that isot all they have g they have had no official visit from investigators. the boys have lost theirr moth, thandparents, and their cousins. us nobodyold contacted them to apologize or even to say that they made a mistake. they have not received anything. it is like all of your family is here, and suddly don't have any. raqqa is free from the islamic state. there is no escape yet from the loss a t ruinedt i.s. and the coalition left in their
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wake. quentin sommerville, bbc news. jane: t once agai cost of war on civilians. when it comes to the use of plasticsround the world, the numbers are staggering. every minute of every day, 11 million plastic bags and bottles e bought or are in use, and less than 10% are recycled. that is according to the united nations can which is urging action, as science editor david shukman reports. david: the shocking sight of a beach in mumbai covered with a thick layer of plastic waste. week after week, volunteers try to keep itlean, but more plastic gets dumped here. >> as citizens and residents, we have got to take it in our own hands. we have got to keep our city clean. >> it is really great, and i think it will make a difference. david: every day we see how plastic can be deadly in the oceans.il this whale died in thailand last week after eating 80 plastic bags.
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how bad is the threat from o plastic in tans? d.ery year another 8 million tons of it gets ad within a decade, it could be 250 million tons of plastic drifting around. where is it all coming from? the rivers of asia are one major source. we filmed this massive plastic blocking a rer in indonesia. all of this will eventually flow to the sea. where does that then go? veran be carried a long-distance by currents. plastic from america makes it all the way across the atlantic to britain. in the semi, -- in the same way plastic waste from asia crosses , the pacific. on a tiny island, i once found cigarette lighter from taiwan. much of this stuff is in a circular current. scientists say tla plastic accus here. over time, some of it sinks, even into the mariana trench, the deepest part of the ocean.
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in one shocking discovery, it was found in tiny animals living nearly 11,000 meters down almost seven miles. what happens to it? a plastic bag could remain in one piece for up to 20 years. a styrofoam p might last for 50 years even if it was just used once. a plastic bottle could last around 450 years. they are designed to be strong. and then when the plastic doesn't go away, it just breaks down into ever smaller fragments, and these micro-plastics are getting everywhere. ey will last for thousands of years. a river in the philippines sending plastic to the oceans. dozens of countries have pledget to try to this. in kenya, you can be jailed for selling plastic bags. other governments have tough laws but don't enforce them. a slum community in delhi -- india says it will ban single -use plastics by 2022.
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a massive commitment to end scenes like this. david shukman, bbc news. jane: i think the message there is get recycling. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bme world news aca." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stayup -to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected appes stor. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. ro how do we shape our tom it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip ay everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial.>> bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc i woodruff: good evening, judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, zero tolerance: examining the trump administration's tough immigration enforcement policies then uninvited: a visit to the white house by the super bowl champions is canceed. and, 50 years later: remembering the life and legacy of robert kennedy.hi >> i tnk that we have to recognize that those of us who have the advantages that you have and that i have, that we have an obligation and responsibility to those that do not. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs

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