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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 5, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding othis presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrowa its with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern ch to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. a party without the guests of honor. president trump tells the philadelphia eagles not to show up to their super bowl east 69 people are dead in guatemala after a volcanicon erup sent residents running for their lives. and plastic pollution is taking an increasing toll around the globe. while someountries are stepping up control, will change come fast enough?
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viewers onme to our public television in america and also around the globe. football, the american kind, is knn for its hard hits, fiercgy, and a determination to win, all of which can be said out litics. once again, the two have collided. after disinviting super bowl champions the philadelphia eagles, president trump insteadd ho concert on the lawn of the white house to celebrate america.t the evens a last-minute change after the eagles accepted and then decided not to send a large contingent to their own party. the white house said that was a political stunt. sarah sanders: once again, if this wasn't a political stunt, they would not have planned to attend the event and then backed out. if it wasn't a political stunt, they wouldn't have attempted to reschedule an event for when they knew the president would be out of the count and they would not have waited until the very last minute to ma these changes that this wasn't about some type of political statement
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that they were trying to make towards this president. jane: the white house photo op is a staple of american sports, and the championship team typically gets the presidential treatmen just not usually this sort of treatment. the bbc's rajini vaidyanathan went to philadelphia to find out what eagles fans themselves are making of it all. rajini: a few months ago, the streets of philadelphia were packed with fans celebrating the locateam the eagles winning the super bowl. today, with news that the team won't be going to the white house, the mood is somewhat different. does it change how you feel about your team? >> y. yes. i'm a little disappointed with them. don't know if i will be watching them much next yr. >> i think people have a misconception about atorts players ll they are supposed to do is play sports and that is it. >> i think we are losing track of the purpose of the meeting, celebrating them beingch pions. it should not be made a political issue. >>op they can have aion, and
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if they don't want to go somewhere because if they don't agree with someone's values,ul they sbe able to do so. >> as a native philadelphian, i think they do the right thing. honestly, none of the players kneeled during the season. >> disappointing that the president has chosen to mix politics and sports in the joint -- joy of our city. i'm sorry for the team and the players. rajini: for many people we've talked to, this comes down to one thing, what it means to pledge allegiance to the flag. does it means you should stand for the national ahem, or does it to be the right to freedom of speech meaning you can protest if you want to? jane: rajini vaidyanathan there. for more on the eagles versus white house match, i spoke earlier with north american reporter anthony zurcher. thanks for joining me. i thought all of this was settled -- donald trump won, the nfl told the players they couldn't kneel, and that was that. why has he staaged this fight n? anthony: first and foremost, it could be that he was trying to avoid embarrassment. it looked like a lot ofph philad eagles players were not going to show up at the
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white house, smaller than imagined turnout. remember the golden statee warriors, sketball franchise, they totally skipped an appearance at lae white house year after winning the championship. they went to the african american museum instead. but donaldrump's aides in the white house told axios that he would try to acctuate unexpected cultural flashpoints and exploit them into the midterm elections, and that includes possibly this nfl protest, which he has found successful in the paste could be -13 "animals" line. butd be any sort of thing, he is trying to drum up support in his base and get them to turn out at the polls. jane: right now he is focused on the eagles, the philadelphia team. n't this risking annoying people in philadelphia, a keyty n a key state? anthony: pennsylvania was theat pivotal the keystone state for donald trump's presidential victory in 2016. it is going to be anytime you al any sort of
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fan base, particularly an eagles fan base, fanatical as experienced in the past -- jane: i was there. anthony: that is risky. while ere is benefits of wrapping himself in the flag and showing that you are patriotic, and he is extending this by saying that you caot only not kneel for the national anthem, you can't even stay in the locker room. fieldve to stand on t with your hand on your heart and proudly sing the lyrics. he wants this fight to continue . it is clear, even if this particular one he may not have chosen, forced on him because of possible embarrassment from the msit, he is going to play this up and see if he ce it a campaign issue. d jane: whs this tell us about the way notions ofe patriotism hanged in america? anthony: for a long time patriotism transcended politics, and here we are with a president oo seems more than willing to play this up and ny use it as a way to rally support for his cause but use it as a weapon
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neagainst his political ops. you saw ronald reagan, standing and speech in front of flags, but this is different, accusing opponents of lack of patriotism. jane: anthony zurcher, thank for joining anthony: my pleasure. ne: let's stay with u.s. politics, because today voters in eight states ha been castin ballots in a series of primarietr while mr. ump is not himself running, it is a chance to test his popularity ahead of the november midterm electioth, and battlegrounds are widespread and varied. from new jersey in the east to alabama and mississippi in the south and iowa in the midwest t sokota and montana in the m north, nico in the southwest, and of course california. over time ago i sp to josh kraushaar, politics editor of "national journal." how important are these primaries? josh: huge primaries, especially in california. cafornia is the seat of th anti-trump resistance.
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there is more democratic party energy in california thaninny other stathe country. it has created a conflict because you have so much progressive energy and so many candidatesooking to run for ngress that the party has not been able to figure out who is a good candidate and get their favorite candidates on the november ballot. you have these unique rules in california. you can have so many democratic candidates and none of them make it to the november election. there is a chance for republicans to win seats that they otherwise would have trouble winning. jane: the house is the onerea ere the democrats could win. this is really bad for them. josh: there is a lot at caia is the most important state for democrats if they want to win back control of the house. there are as many as 10 seats republicans hold that pee democrats o contest. two or three of them could come up automatically, very winnable seats, because of the unique nstem that california has place. jane: this has been described as year othe woman. there are more women running for election than any other time. but a lot of them lack
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experience. is this going to be a disadvantage? josh: there is a lot of outsers running generally fo office. that is a good thing in general because you have a lot of good -- new energy for the democratic party. a lot of people saw donald trump's election and wanted to run on their own and have their voice heard. the problem is sometimes these candidates aren't vetted a may have views on issues that are too extreme. you never know -- this is what is happening in california -- some of these candidates look good at first but may not be w gon they run a campaign. jane:nt thetrump momentum is uniting democrats, but what about republicans? josh: just like on the democratic side cultural issues are prominent, on the republican side cultural issues are at the president trump likes to talk about immigration and so do the republican candates, building e wall and tough enforcement. democrats are moving to the left on immigration in california, republicans are having trouble because their ndidates are too far to the right. jane: josh, who votes in
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primaries? my ballot form was almost impenetrable in d.c. : usually it is the most committed activists who want to see their party win. in california they try to to expand the interest by having everyone on the same ballot -- that is part of this reform instituted a few years ago. the problem is it is so confusing that no one cannd undersho is running, so you get less interest in any of -- in many of these primariesll than you norwould. jane: what is the big thing you will be looking for tonight? josh: can democrats get on the s llot and can we see the turnout levels acrny of states across the country continue to be reflected in california? jane: josh, thanks for joining me. josh: thank you. jane: in guatemala, the first funerals have taken place for e most violent volcanic eruption in a century. at least 69 people died after the fuego volcano began spewing ash and mud on sunday. dozens of ople are still missing, and whole villages were wiped out. thousands ha been forced to take shelter in nearby schools and churches. from guatemala, aleem maqbool reports.
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aleem: the volcanoay be shrouded in smoke, but it gives away little of the catastrophic ought here.wir th more eruptions feared, further sporadic explosions ofth volcano, a frantic recovery effort goes on. we are going in with one rescue team as close as we can get to the volcano.en they have igging for days into the ash, but there are so many bods to be found. as we went in, we saw the recovery team coming out. they have been trying to find survivors, but the only living things they could bring up this time were abandoned chickens. and this is y -- the entire village s smothered in a thick blanket of burning volcanic ash. in some homes, entire families were buried alive. the land was scarred and suffocated by lava and a.
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the assault from the volcano came so fast, it is no wonder many simply had no chance of escape. survivors who difomanage to flee their lives have been left traumatized. thousands are now in makeshift shelters. a, members of the extended lopez family fled as lsh flows, and debris engulfed their town. five of their relativ't make it, including francisco's brother and two grand nieces, age 12 and 14. the place is completely destroyed, he says. "i don't believe any of them survived, because the homes are totally buried under the ashes. there is no more space in the morgue for more bodies." as night falls, they remember the dead and those presumed dead. even when bodies are found, so
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few victims have yet beenti ided. one rescuer said that when he did find bodies after hours digging, theyooked like statues, so hard to recognize. aleem maool, bbc news, guatemala. jane a quick other's vladimir putinncays western ons against his country will hurt both sides. he was speaking in vienna in his first visit to western e aope in nearlyear. the british government has approved a plan for a third runway at heathrow airport in london. e parliament will vote on an in the next few weeks. there has been almost five decades of debate on expanding airport capacitye in k. southeast. those backing it claim it is final r economic growth. others say it will negatively lives and residents' the environment. disgraced movie ingul harvey weein has pleaded not guilty to rape and sexual assault charges in new these are first of a series of cases involving mr. weinstein. more than 70 women have accused
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him of sexual misconduct. he faces up to 25 years in prison if found guilty of either of the two charges he faces. --e'll be a deft ethiopia' ethiopia's governing coalition says it will accept a deal with eritrea. a land deal reported disputed territory to eritrea, buthat had been contested by ethiopia until now, and the two countries remain bitter enemies. foe american fashion designer kate spade has beed dead at her new york city apartment rt, rely the result of the suicide. ms. spade founded her trademark range of handbags and accessories in the early 1990's. she went on to sell the company r name remains synonymous with the brand. joined menada tawfik a short time what do we know about the circumstances of her death? nada: the nypd says they are
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investigating this as a tragic suicide. the housekeeper foun spade inhe bedroom of her park avenue apartment unresponsive and called emergency services. when they arrived, they said she was unconscious and they pronounced her dead. we know that there was a note found there in the residence, and the associated press is reporting a law enforcement source isrt saying f that letter had a message to her 13-year-old daughter. her family has put out aem stt saying that they are, as you can imagine, very saddened by her tragic loss, and just asking for respect of t privacy ats time.s jane: there en a tremendous outpouring on social media. just why was she so popular? nada: everyone is on social media sharing source or first kate spade bag or sharing quotes from the designer. she really splashed onto e
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scene in the 1990's with her bright and cheerful designs. she wanted the handbag to be fun but also functional. it really became the accessory to own back then. many people have been reflecting that. it also is that besides being an extremely talented designer, she was an entrepreneur that paved the way for other females that we have seen be so successful. she started this brand from her apartment in new york anhigrew it to beglobal lifestyle brand. even though she has not been working at the companye sold her stake over a decade ago --t has her signature look jane: nada tawfik, thanks very much for jning me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, a year afr the fight
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to retake raqqa began come we are learning more about the civilian toll of the battle. at story is just ahead the challenge of integrating into new country is not to be underestimated. migrants face prejudices as well as ignorance about their new world. a major new initiative is being launched in the u.k. to make three cities of central england officially migrant friendly and help migrants fill a skills gap and find work in their new society. y.this report from coventr reporter: it is going to be britain's next city of culture. it is a city of many different ones. the project will give new migrants and refugees the skills which will help them integrate more easily. this is one of the first groups to benefit. among them, people who have left to flfamilies repressive regimes. >> i'm happy.
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reporter: why? what do you like about being here? >> is good for people. reporter: the west midlands is a hub for investment -- advanced many factors. 21% of the population was born tside the u.k. more than 100 languages are spoken here, and 33% of the inhabitants belong to ethnic binaries. -- minorities. to this country, i can see the barriers being addressed in a project like this, and i must say that in that journey, the local community has an important part to play. reporter: the people who benefit from the scum from the most deprived and dangerous parts of the i world.
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s not just about learning job skills. -- this cityaving has a long and successful history of integration. jane: it has been a year since the start of the battle to retake the islamic state's rian capital, raqqa. it took five months, but i.s. withdrew after an unprecedented aerial bombardment by the western coalition which forced atreus. any report from amnesty international --or a new r from amnesty international says the civilian cost to free the city was much greater than previously realized. quentin sommerville reports. , ican andn raqqaam broughtfirepower the so-called islamic state to frs knees and free the cit a script. much later, the reality of t
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liberation has whole feel. in the battles final months, civilians, raqqa pbombs from the coalitionroved as deadly as the islamic state group. battlethe the family stuck together. grandchildren to grandparents, where they home could. smithng the frontline moving house four times -- avoiding the front lines meant moving house four times. this video was tauen just before gust 20 last year, when a coalition airrike hit their home. everyone you have just seen was killed. 39 family members in total.
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the bombing was relentless. hundreds died. ,f the 42 coalition strikes none were targeted by the royal air force. this was the mostrese bombing campaign in history, says themi u.s.-leion. in an interview from their headquarters, ey blame the carnage on the islamic state's use of human shields. >> the people of raqqa, they were definitely grateful for the removal of the islamic state from raqqa. as yo went in there shouldn't you have served the people of raqqa better? >> i think we servaqthe people of to the best of our ability and against an enemy that used tactics that no one suspected used. again, we are the ones that liberated raqqa. did it come at a price? sure, but it is a time of war
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and that is what happens sometimes. but we went to extreme levels to avoid innocent civilians. three homes belonging dto a family wetroyed by american airstrikes year and a half ago. they still have the remnants of one of the u.s. bombs which killed nine of the family. but that is all they have got. they have had no official visit fr investigators. the boys have lost their mother, their grandparents, and their cousins. us nobodyold contacted them to apologize or even to say that they made a mistake. they have not received anything. it is like all of your family is here, and suddenly don't have any. raqqa is free from the islamic state. there is no escape yet from the loss and ruined that i.s. and
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e coalition left in their wake. quentin sommerville, bbc news. jane: once again, the cost of war on civilians. owhen it comes to the u plastics around the world, the numbers are staggering. evy minute of every day, 11 million plastic bags and bottles are bought or are in use, and less than 10% are that irding to the united nati action, as science editor david shukman reports. david: the shocking sight of a beach in mumbai covered with a thick layer of plastic waste. week after week, volunteers try to keep it clean, but more plastic gets dumped here. >> as citizens and residents, we have got to take it in our own hands.we ave got to keep our city clean. >> a it is really grea i think it will make a difference. david: every day we see how plastic can be deadly in the oceans. ais pilot whale died in thailand last weekfter eating
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80 plastic bags. how bad is the threa plastic in the oceans? ery year another 8 milli tons of it gets added. within a decade, it could be 250 million tons of plastic drifting around. where is it all coming from? the rivers of as are one major source. we filmed this massive plastic blocking a river in indonesia. all of this will eventually flow to the sea. where does that then g it can be carried a very long-distance by currents. plastic from america makes it all the way across the atlantic to brita. in the semi, -- in the same way plastic waste from asia crosses , the pacific. on ainy island, i once found a cigarette lighter from taiwan. much of this stuff is in a scientists say the plastic accumulates here. over time, some of it sinks, cheven into the mariana tr the deepest part of the ocean.
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in one shocking discovery, it was foun nearly 11,000 meters down almost seven miles. what happens to it? a plastic bag could remain in one piece for up to 20 years. a styrofoam cup might last for 50 years even if it was just used once. tta plastic could last around 450 years. they arest designed to bng. and then when the plastic doesn't go away, it just breaks down into ever smaller fragments, and the micro-plastics are getting everywhere. they will last for thousands of years. a river in the philippines sending plastic to the oceans. dozens of countries haledged to try to stop this. in kenya, you can be jailed for selling plastic bags. other governments have tough laws but don't enforce them. a slum community in delhi -- india sayst will ban single -use plastics by 2022.
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a massive commitment to end scenes like this. david shukman, bbc news. jane: i think the messa there is get recycling. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." ew >> with the bbc ns app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to thee news of thday and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can download nowm selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundati kovler foundation, pursuing lutions for america' neglected needs, and pupoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ial form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is purefinancial. >> "bbc world news" was k presented t los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: gooevening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, zeroxa tolerance:ning the trump administration's tough immigration enforcement policies then uninvited: a visit to the white house by the super bowl champions is cancelled. and, 50 years later: remembering the life and legacy of robert kennedy. >> i think that we have to recognize that those of us whoha the advantages that you ve and that i have, that we have an obligation and responsibility to those that do not. >> woodruff: all that and morebs on tonight's p newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:


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