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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 6, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible byfr thman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuingfo solutionamerica's neglected needs,fi and purepoinncial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind chisel.n we begin to we strip away everything that stands ithe way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. a >> now, "bbc world news." ewjane: this is "bbc world america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brie guatemala's fuego volcano threatens a new eruption. 75 people are dead and hundreds more missing. reporter: the search continues , but with each passing hour the likelihood of success is growing slimmer. jane: the president thinks he could potentiallpardon himself, but the speaker of the house says not so fast. ♪ jane: and she blew up a mailbox to help women get the vote. r a op rhondda is the
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america an. around the glo days after a volcanic explosion in guatemala, it is hard to gauge the full scale of the destruction and death toll. at least 75 people have been killed and 200 more are still missing. nearby villages remain buried in volcanic ash and mud, which is hampering the rescue operation. will grant reports. will: the tiny community stood no chance. in and shacks of t corrugated iron offered no protection. everything was buried under the river of lava and ash -- homes, livelihoods, loved ones.
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some are still looking forut survivors,t is an increasingly forlorn task. instead, the desperate search has turned to the mo wendy fernan her entire family, gathered for her mother's birthday, was wiped out in minutes. her mother, sister, nephews, and what is breaking her heart most of all, her two teage daughter >> i could hear the screams. i begged her to tell me what is going on. but she did not respond. will: with each passing day, this disaster isn't eainng, but wors it is now almost impossible that ssyone searching for lost loved ones will have sucexcept perhaps in retrieving their bodies for burial. emergency services are workinglo around the, but barely
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idping. the prt says in this poverty-stricken nation there single extra peso available for the relief efforts. amid it all, fuego is still active. an alarm prompted fresh panic edamong local people, who ny way they could. the say in latin america, h is the last thing you lose. but in guatemala, that hope is fading fast. will grant, bbc news, guatemala. jane:si pnt trump has been increasing his attacks on the ,ussia probe in recent wee accusing the fbi of planting spies in his campaign and going as far as suggesting that even if he is accused ohewrongdoing, as the power to pardon himself. but today the speaker of the house, pauryan, became the test senior republican to publicly disagree with the president. rep. ryan: uh, i don't know thew technical to that question, but obviously the answer is he shouldn't. no one is above the law.
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jane: earlier i spoke about this with david catanese, senior politics writer for "u.s. news and world report." thanks for coming in. how much of a risk is paul ryan taking by disagreeing so publicly with the president? david: don't think he is taking that big of a risk because we kw that paul ryan is stepping down. he is in the final months of his speakership and president trump will remain there. on the flipside, i don't know how much president trump listens to these voices on the hill. he sees them as sort of annoyances, not as a coequal branch of government. so i think very little risk but very little impact with the statement. jane: another area where theree seems tovision is the white house press office itself. you have had kelly sadler making very unsavory comments about john mccain, who has cancer. she is gone. but the white house is publicly defending her and saying it is the leakers who are at fault.
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what is going on? david: right, well, she was relievedf duties not because of that mccain comment. that happened almost a month ago now, and the white house never apologized. she was let go because of a divide in the staff with edme schlapp, another mmunications officer, because she said mercedes was leaking information. trump is sick of leaks. he wants it to stop. dthere is an internate about how to pare down the communications department. there are fewer staffers in these meetings, so fewer people can talk to reporters about what is going on. jane: how credible is the department? you have got sarah sdeders having tnd herself against allegations she is lying, and in return she says reporters aren't telling the truth. david: it doesn't have much credibity, and that is the problem. white house reporters devote a lot of time sitting in the
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briefing room, but if you talk to them, they know that much of what comes out of there are. or untrue, and president trump can undermine th a tweet or statement hours later. we saw how sean spicer struggled to maintain credibility. sarah sanders has fared a little bit better because she has been less antagonistic, but i don't think it has been much better. some people think her days are numbered. i just think that internally th white ho struggling who to replace her with and how to really get rid of the people a that are leaki turning on the president. jane: the other question is what effect is this having outside washington? who do voters believe? david: i mean, look, you have the hard-core voters who stand with trump no matter what. that is 35 to 40% of the country. i saw that mike huckab, sarah huckabee sanders' father today, tweeting on twitter that she has a higher approval rating and believability rang than the press. so i would not get too high on s hasorses that the pr amazing credibility with
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american voters, either. but that is the problem, even with getting facts out there is a polarized view. jane: this is coming at a time when you would think the whitene houss to be unified. the russia probe, how much is that getting under donald trump's skin and causing him to make statements that areds frequently at ith his own press department? david: i think it is a daily annoyancs i think it i what he wakes up with and goes to bed with. the evidence is the tweets. e spurts of them are increasing, all centered around russia, d another thing on the white house agenda, the trip to singapore and the north korean summit. how much is the president focused on that and briefed on that and getting prepared for that versus the distraction with mueller? it is evident from the t that he is focused on russia. jane: david catanese, thank you. david: thank you. jane:us as we mentioned, the russian investigation has found its way under the president's
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, but how much of a thre does moscow still pose? a brief time ago my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spoke with the author of "messing with the enemy."f they askedstern governments can't or d't have the will to protect themselves. is not thereill and they are not sure how to do that. the two big ings that complicate this is our freedom of speech and freedom of the press. what t russian strategy -- winning through the course of politics rather than the politics of force, going into a population and turning it begins -- turning it against itself, it is very smart because it is clever. it plays inside a democracy. how can you push out one n'person's or one nats speech when you say you are open to all of this? they have a complication with what are the terms we can use to refute this disinformation. the second is they don't know how to regulate social-media companies. they really don't understand it. when congress starts talking to alsoedia companies, they are outmatched.
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theyan protections they want data protections. okfaces tied up again in a chinese setting for data privacy and data sharing. gulateon't know how to these companies. in europe they've taken much greater strides about protecting data and information and privacy on the social-media platforms. i think that is the start of it. ultimately it will be civil society. it won't be government that will protect against this. truth and democracy have to advance and it will ultimately largely come from the public. hochristian: i was thinkin spy craft and intelligence shifted over the years. it used to be interest in military secrets and details and trade secrets. now they are interested in people as a commodity, because they can do so much more with that. >> yeah, the rusan approach from the outset is different from how we think about it in the west. we tend to focusst oe to state relationships. going back to the soviet era, it
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s always i am going to communicate with the people and the parties in your country anth us as either unwitting or witting adversaries or allies against you inside your countryo these acies, so that i move your population to my p foreign poliition. we really cannot say enough how successful this has been. not only -- yeah, putin may have tilted the election one way or the other, but he has won over an audience on social media that he c nudge today. many of the alternative right audiences out there support his policy positionsno- nationalism, globalism, anti-eu, anti-nato. they on his behalf or unwittingly are advancing the cause against democracies in europe and the united states. christian: you say you a getting enough buy-in from the relevant agencies. i'm thinking back to the french election and the hacking of president macron's party. e person i'm speaking to on a balcony in paris was an old
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man. he was one of the legislators, and he did not understand what was going on. w much is that the probl around the west, that the legislators are behind the curve? clint: yeah, we are trying to communicate to people who do not understand social-media platforms the danger of what is going on on social-media platforms. the u.s. is far more vulnerable to this beuse we spent almost double the amount of time consuming news on our social media. europe has done quite a bit better on this. e is goingows, every to be consuming the information in the digital age, not the analog, and the more people increase that consumption, the more ty will be at risk. while europe, france, and germany did better and they saw what happened here and they saw what happened with brexit and they were more resilient. k faceboked a lot of fake accounts out.l but this wly grow not just because of russia, but everybody, the politicians will see what has happened and aree duplicating ththods as
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well. erne: the author of "messing with the enemy" let's take a quick look at other news. voters in eight american states have gone to the polls f candidates that will compete in the november elections. while some of the results are still being calculated democrats , appear to have made on the ballot for crucial house r take control of the house. ukraine is investigating an alleged russian hit list of 47 public figures, journalists, and writers that was lead online. security services got hold of the list while investigating a ot to assassinate the russian journalist whose murder was faked by the ukrainian security services last week. israel has accused argentina of surrendering to hate after it pulled out of a friendly football match in jerusalem in the warm-up to the world cup in russia next month. the decision follows intense pressure from palestinian
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boycott groups over the treatment by israel. again -- the gameas due to be played on turday. an american soldier has been arrested after stealing and military carrier and lding police on a chase on public highways. footage shows the vehicle being pursued by a dozen police cars. the taste was brought to an end when demand drove the vehicle onto a central reservation and was tasered by police. iran's nuclear chief says a facility to build advanced centrifuges at the natanz nuclear plant will be completed in a month. earlier this week, the supreme leader said preparations are underway to increase uranium enrichment capacity if the nuclear agreement with world powers collapses. president trump pulled the u.s. out of the deal last month.n for moreis latest development to i was joined a short me ago by a research fellow at the foundation for defense of democracies. is this a sign that s getting ready to pull out of the
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nuclear agreement? is>> it is a sign that ira seeking leverage. the west, particularly the americans, are reinstating sanctions, and iran wants to return to centrifuges and raise the u.s. iran wants to essure europe into creatingarveouts that offset american sanctions and keep the deal intact. jane: can europe do any of that without u.s. support? >> that is a fundamentally important estion that plays at both politics and economics. we see a lot of multinationa being risk-averse. even under the reimplementation rush backey did not in. concert is state-owned companies ne-- the concern is state- companies and small and medium enterprises which may u.t touch the s. financial system. jane: we are seeing a lot of companies say they will not take the risk. >> societe generale is one a danish and italian companies are others. edjane: you say that iran
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the clear deal far more than the u.s. what incentive can iran hope for to stay in? >> iran would be looking for econom incentives -- carveouts looking to engage in a non-dollarized transactions, having russia and china come in to fill the void left western investors.an eeds the deal not just for economic reasons. it needs to take an illicit nuclear program and make it licit. that is what the deal was such a good deal for iran jane: we aret hearing tht would just take a month before this capacity can come online. is that alarming? it seems like a quick period of time. benham: it is alarming, and iran is trying to intimidate the europeans to come towards it as fast as possibac. there is aunderway to reach the head, heart, and pocketbooks of europe as fast as possible. the ball is in europe's court. jane: how long is this race going to go one for? benham: likely until november 4,
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the 180-day deadline, and u.s. -- when all the nuclear sanctions cmittee u.s. penalties that existed before instated ande hopefully be enforced. jane: you also said it would have been better to plug this deal rather than scrap it altogether.is here something the u.s. should be doing in response? in u.s. parlance, i was a fixer, -- benham: absolutely.ce in u.s. parli was a fixer, not a nixer. we should work with european allies to find offsets and limit iranian ballistic missile capabilities. that will threaten europe before america. th common ground there. it is not too late. jane: thank you for joining me. in a tweet, secretary of state mike pompeo said about iran's enrichment plans, "we will not allow iran to develop a nuclear weapon. it is another example of iran
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foolishly squandering its resources." we will see what the white house response actually is. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, taking care of god's creatures, even the smallest and strangest. how a group of mexican nuns is keeping the axolotl from extinction. increasing amounts of insulation is this information is healthy -- increasing amounts of information is held in data centers and micsoft is working on data center in the sea off the coast of scotland. reporter: ever uploaded a photo, updated her facebook status, or made it stream mus? if so, you have probably used a data center, where vast amounts of our personal information are now stored. what if you could put all of that underwater? the tech giant microsofts trying to do just that.
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this white cylinder is packed with computers. it was assembled in france and then bught here to be sunk. towe are on our wahe deployment site. i have one nagging question -- why sink i data center? e use a lot less power t cool the data center. it is a crazy experiment, but that is why we do research, to trthese things and pushed us into new places. if successful, we can deploy data wilderness much as 90 days. this in as -- inasmuch as 90 days. reporter: on the ocean floor is a cable bringing power to it and taking the da shore and connecting it to the wider internet. y a from with conditions in m,,s rough stretch of calle the painstaking operation is underway. the data center
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so slowly to the bottom of the ocean. at the control room on shore, they are getting ready to power it up. microsoft will monitor it for up to five years. the stripper to be the future of data store -- this could prove to be the future of data storage, or maybe a tourist attraction for the fish. jane: in mexico, a rare and rather bizarre type of lamander has been kept from extinction thanks to a bit of divine intervention. the axolotl,ia an amphthat unique to mexico, has been almost wiped out by pollution and overfishing. conservationists have teamed uph n order of nuns to save them, as victoria gill reports. victoria: central mexico, the only place in the world where f you just migd a critically
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endangered axolotl. this vast lake used to be teeming with the species, but w scientists studying th have set up traps to catch them , and this is a half-kilometer-long line, and they are hoping toind two or three they can take samples from. scientists are here on a mission to prevent these strange amphibians from being wiped out completely. >> deforestation, which is dragging down sediments, and we have as well pollution. we can pretty much make it official that the species is close to extinction. we arrived right at the lastmi te. victoria: this emergency effort involves rearing the axolotls in captivity, and that is where unexpected experts come in. the sisters of the immaculate y health run a true sanctur the species. >> it is a lot of work and a great deal of sacrifice, but it ha worth it to work with the
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nature and protectgod has given us. >>e are going to take dna. victoria: but while conservationists and their devout collaborators work together to save a species that is disappearing from the wild, axolotls are bred in the thousands in laboratories in the world. >> most people study them because of their ability to regenerate. let's say the limb bit off here, above the elbow. the limb just regenerates a perfect mirror image of the limb on the other side. many people hope we can identi some latent abilities to regenerate human tissues by understanding how the axolotl regenerates. victoria: for centuries these healing abilities have led to the belief that consuming the axolotl can cure any ailments.
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the original recipe for this remarkable medicine developed by the sisters themselves. nuns here started breedi the animals years ago to sustain the supply of the ancient remedy's key ingredient. that is what made them such axolotl experts. now the quiet dedication of this religiousni com could provide a future for a creature from which we hale so much to n. jane: i think everyone should have an axolotl. oxshe blew up a posto promote women's rights and launched her own feminist magazine in britain, "time and ti." lady rhondda was a force to be a reckoned wit her story has hit the state in a musical production by the welsh national opera company. she was in newport suffragette, she led a plucky crew ♪ reportercelebrating the life
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of lady rhondda. the largely forgotten story of this welsh suffragette and pioneering businesswoman is being brought to life in sty by an all-female cast and crew. >>o ny adventurous things, so many wonderful and incredible things you could hardly make up seemed to happen to her in her life, and it was perfect material for us, an opera. reporter: her life was remarkable in many respects. f she survived the sinkinge lusitania when it was torpedoed by a german submarine during the first world war. when her father died, she inherited his title. she campaigned throughout her life for women to be allowed to sit in the house of lords. pictured at rallies wi leader of the british suffragette movement, her own fame spread when she attempted to bloup a post in her metown of newport. >> ♪ you will see that we mean
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business herbert henry asquh, esquire ♪ >> haven't heard of her at all befo and i feel totally ashamed of it is a wonderful opportunity to bring her to the forefront. reporter: lady rhondda became a leader in the male-dominated world of business and ran an influential journal of the time she wantedp up the rulebook for women. alongside the new production, the welsh national opera is holding a conference to discuss the current challenges being faced for equality in the classical music world. >> every aspect of this epdustry, we need more women. we are not equallysented yet, but we are going to be, l because this wonderful bat she got rolling, lady rhondda, has'thered speed like nobodys business. reporter: the opera premieres in newport tomorrowight.
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could sing.r if lady rhondda i'm sure she would love her own opera. nei'm ja'brien. thanks for watching "world news america." bc >> with theews app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestu headlines can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pg solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we spe our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to revea new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- p yons, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial.ne >> "bbc worl" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the results from this year's biggest primary election day. as democrats hope to take back control of the u.s. house of ranepresentatives, republs secure a top-ticket candidate in california. then, a new study looks at major cities acrosshe country where homicides are common, but arrests, rareep and, diving nto humanity's past. wishat sciets are learning about humans today from studying turhe d.n.a. ofncient ancestors' bos. >> people today are almost never directly descended from the people who first lived in those places. tfhere's waves and waves population replacement, and that we're all interconnected. ff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.

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