tv BBC World News America PBS June 7, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am rajini vaidyanathan. president trump says he is ed for his meeting with kim jong-un. if all goes well, the north korean lear could get an invite to the white house. pres. trump: i really believe we have the potenal to do something incredible for the world, and it is my honor to be involved. rajini: first, the u.s. president is off to québec, where protests like these show that the greeting at the g7 summit could be chilly. ekand we are just a way from the world cup, but in some ssian cities, the welcom signs come wh a feeling that
someone is watching. rajini: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. with just a few days to go, president trump says he is ready for his meeting withdeorth korean lkim jong-un. his comments came as he welcomed japan's prime minister, shinzo abe, to the white house. a short time later, u.s. secretary of state mike pompeo said he received a personal assurance from mr. kim that his country is ready tode clearize. but the interpretation of thatbo term id to be a key topic in singapore. theie bbc's jane o'begins our coverage. jane: with the clock ticking to tuesday's summit with kim jong-un, donalbltrump was viexcited. pres. trump: i think it is going to be a very fruitful meeting, exciting meeting. i thinwe are going to get to
know a lot of people that our country never got to know. jane: the summit seems to be a getting to know you session rather than a complex and high-stakes negotiation. another insight into mr. trump's unorthodox approach. pres. trump: i don' have to prepare much. it is about attitude and willingness to get things done. i think i've been prepared for the summit for a long time.ne that is a contrast to the rather more direct approach taken by secretary of state mike pompeo. when if both sides were closer on a definition of virginia globalization -- -- denuclearization -- secretary pompeo: yes. reporter: could you describe that it? seetary pompeo: no. jane: for prime minister shinzo abe, he in washington make to ensure his voice is heard, the threat from north a remains.
these drills a a practice for the ballistic missiles that can already reach tokyo with or without nuclear warheads. mr. abe seems to have sidelined. kim has met with chinese president xi, south korean president moon, and mr. pomp. mr. trump, meanwhile, is thinking of other photo ups with mr. kim. e>> if you invite him to united states, would it be at the white house or mar-a-lago? pres. trump: maybewie will start the white house. jane: mr. abe hasn't spent time -- has spent te building a personal relationship with mr. trump, but as other leaders have discovered, friendship does not always come with benefit mr. abe might be right to worry. jane o'brn, bbc news, washington. rajini: a brietime ago i discussed the meeting with mary jordan, a correspondent for "the washington post" who was previously based in tokyo. mary jordan, good to have you
with u we have seen the japanese prime minister in washington today. how important is it as we approach the summit in singapore for president trump to make su has all the regional allies on his side?: mathink it is just as important to the japanese, and i think that abe came here with high, high hopes he is noton forgotten byd trump. after all, donald trump is the america first president. oieven though he is makings and reaching out to abe, who he has people at the state department, career foreign service officers, are wondering when he is sitting down with the north korean leader, is he going ember that there are other actors in the region? they have a lot at stake. rajini: for japan it is about abducted prisoners. how serious do you think president trump will take that as a cdition when he goes into talks with north korea?
mary: that is a big question. to has a good relationship with abe, who has beear-a-lago and came here today for an important visit. after all, japan is in the region. if we are talking about nuclear ons, it is a lot more th the abductees at stake. though lived in japan for several years, and the emotional -- if this really happens, te north koreans who were abducted, especially this 13-year-old girl who has been gone since 1977, if that girl is released and returned to japan, i think donald trump would be a hero over there. i think donald tmp knows that and wants to do that, because he wants to have this legacy. rajini: of course, this summ all comes down to donald trump being able to come away withme ort of agreement on to denuclearization. today in the rose garden he sayp he is ed to walk away if it doesn't go well. what do youhink are the odds
of that happening? mary: that is donald trump's negotiating style. he has written books on that, he is a businessman -- you cannot be a good negotiator unless you walk away from the table. but it was very in jresting that t said in the press conference today that "i am going to solve this," and kind of mocked pele in the past two , he said it is not just obama who blew it, but oer presidents, that it is a terrible shame that they let it fester like this, and i'm going to solve this. gauntlet down and basically said he is going to get something out of the summit. most people think this coulde a drawn out process, and it will not be magic that appears in one day in singapore. and he did say that if it goes well there, vi is going to him to the white house. now,r if the north korean lea kim jong-un arrives in the white house can that is going to be a nd a big deal for
the north korean leader, too. this is what he wants, stature and he will have gotten it. if he gives enough in ore and gets to the white house for round two. rajini: so much drama as we approach the summit.ay mary jordan, agood to have you with us. mary: thanks. rajinifor more on what is at stake, i spoke earlier to our political analyst ron christie, who served as an advisor to george w. bush. so much to talk about. days to go until the summit in singapore, let's start with that. president trump says that he does not think he has to prepare that much. it is all about attitude. if you are working in the white house today, what would you makf hat statement? ron: i would laugh and say that the president is making a joke.r i remell of the bilateralde meetings pre bush had, and we would plan these weeks if not months in advance. the notion that the president of the united states can go over and talk to the north korean leader on so many issues without preparation is on the bravado side. rajini: let's look at the diary, because tomorrow is e g-7
summit president trump will head to québec. we're not just talking about one summit, but we have also got tomorrow. ron: we have got tomorrow, and we have the president of the united states going with six other nations whare very upset with him. the president, by taking actions on tariffs again canada, mexico, and some of our allies, eshas foreign leaders concerned about the direction of american leadership. the president better be hitting the books tonit, because he has a lot toor prepare forhe folks in québec tomorrow as well as in singapore.: rajinihitting the books, but that is not necessarily his style. ron: no, it is not. from my understanding, the d esident likes being brie staff, he likes having pictures and graphs. i can tell you from having worked for presidentand there a lot of perversion that -- there is a lot of preparation that goes into this. the state department to the national security council, so many k advisors who have information to share with the president. it would help him if he hit the books -- how about that? rajini: one ice we heard a lot about from north korea is secretary of state mike pompeo. today he responded tcomments
from the president's lawyer rudy giuliani, who said thakim jong-un got on his hands and knees and begged for the summit to be back on. what we heard from mike pompeo today is that that is not the voice of the administration. what is the voice of the administration? we have had john bolton sidelined as well for his comments on the north korean issue.g who is speak this? ron: the most senior member of the president's cabinet is the secretary of state. this is a job first held by thomas jeffeon in 1789. so you would think that the chief diplomat for the united states would be the chief voice and speak on behalf of the government. but then you have rudy giuliani, ambassador bolton, too people who are speaking for the president en the president needs to have clarity and precision, and we are not seeing that this week heading into two very important summits. rajini: just briefly, president trump says that if the summit goes well, kim jong-un could
come to washington. what do you make of that? i thought that was breathtaking. let's take it one step at a time, see if we can have a small agreement, and then we can talk about normalization of relations. rtt we have many days to cover. rajini: this is f a process, so president trump perhaps downplaying his expectations -- he s could be one of a number of meetings. ron: actually, i think that is one of the wiser things he has done, to lower exptations on this very important summit. if you lower the bar and lower expectations, should he be able to get a mor agreement, people would say look how smart he is d how well he performed. rajini: we have days to go. mit doese if the s happen. ron: good to see you. rajini: as we mentioned, president trump soon departs for the g-7 summit in québec, where there might not be the most welcome audience awaiting him. after pulling out of the paris climate agreement, the iran deal, and imposing tariffs, america first policies are not going down so well with other foreign leaders. my colleagues katty kay ander
christian frpoke to mohamed el-erian, chief economic advisor for allianz for their program "beyond 100 days." mohamed: i suspect to see six of the seven g-7 members tell him that tariffs are not helpful, and i suspect that he will pivot and say, look, why don't you do something to promo your own economic growth? there may be two different narratives coming out -- one, pressure on the u.s. on trade, but the other, the u.s. saying to other countries, why don't you do your homework before youe o me and complain about what i am doing? katty: you have been watching g-7 meetings for many years.re can yomber a time when the world's biggest industrialized democracies were so y set against the biggest economy in , e world, the united stat they are at the moment?
mohamed: no, this is new, and it shows you that the u.s. has decided to take a different approach to a goal that all the g7 shares. the g7 agrees that you nd fairer trade, but something has tone about theft of intellectual property,ha somethg to be done about non-tariff omething has to be done modernize trade agreements. in the past this was done in what economists called a cooperative game. here there is a different approach. u.s. has taken a differe negotiating approach, and i think that is shocking the g7. christian: the last time you were on the program we were talking out growth and confidence returning. i wonder if things are looking a little more shaky. we have got tariffs, brexit, italy, growing concern in china. re isu think the pic looking more wobbly?
mohamed: if you remember, i've been cautioning people not to get too excited about the edso-called synchronickup in global growth, because it was due to a confluence of factors. it was not poly-driven, except the u.s. in europe it was a natural healing process. think of a patient coming out of hospital. they are no longer in bed -- theyan walk, but they are structurally impaired, they cannot run. in many emerging economies, it is simply a bounce back from a specific shock. these things don't last. as we arein stoday, the so-called synchronized pickup in global growth has a lot less mentum to it, and the message is very clear, an important one for the g7 -- you need progresso onowth policies. christian: ultimately, is it m trust that is the probre? the rise of populism around the
world which is undethining this gromes down to trust -- a lack of trust in the established order, a lack of trust in bankers, experts. is it that that is underpinning the problems we are seeing around the world? hamed: you are absolutel right. the lack of trust in so many things- institutions, in the economy, in the establishment -- is a very important part of the explanation. but then there is e question of why we have this lack of trust, and there is a ve simple answer -- you simply cannot run advced economies at low growth and you cannot have the benefits of that growth goto small segment of the population without things and what has broken is trust. yes, trust is a big issue, but behind that is the need to grow at a higher and more inclusive rate. rajini: mohamed el-erian of guatemala's disaster
agency was warned that the fabgo volcano wat to erupt hours before the explosion but decided not to order evacuations. that has prompted fury from oppositi politicians who manded his resignation. the death toll has ren to 99, with another 200 missing, as will grant reports. will amid the crisis in guatemala, the blame game and finger-pointing has begun. civil emergency authority defended themselves, denying they are responsible, saying that even when they did issue an evacuation order, people tend to ignore them. it is a political situation that could run because influential opposition figures suggest therealould be crimharges brought to bear as well. caughtinary guatemalans up in the crisis from these and other matters that interest them. they are far more concerned with the issue of whether or not they will be able to st in
emergency shelters, whether they can return to their homes to satage the few belongings t might have survived. they are still searching for their loved ones. they a mourning, they are in grief. it is a very harrowing time in guatemala. on the volcano itself and the foothills of the volcano, the villages that haveeen devastat continue to receive emergency workers, rescue workers, looking for whatever theyan salvage. at this stage, the likelihood of anyone having survived this is very much very slim, and it is a question of body retrieval. rajini: you are watching "bbc world news america." still come on tonight's program, is president trump's foreign policy i hit or miss for those who voted for we go to the baseball field to find out.
spain'sew prime minister, pedro sánchez, has unveiled his cabinet, and nearly two thirds are women. most are from his socialist party. it marked, he said, turning point for spanish society. a demand for equal pay," writes, in equal representation. spain's new prime minister, pedro sánchez, has wasted no time putting gender equality into practic sanchez: this government is unequivocally committed to a quarterly dishy quality. -- equality. the government is a true reflection of the movement. reporter: taking aim at ousted ajoy, minister mariano r mr. sánchez unveiled the cabinet that is more than 60% female.
in may of last year, french macron split hi cabinet 50-50,li and sweden wise has 12 men and 12 women. take a look at the top 10 countries f 2018 for female politicians around the world. european countries only have two entries that sweden and operate with 44% of its seats taken my female politicians, and finland 10 with 42. central and south american countries fare much better. tebow with 52% of its politicians feet -- cuba with 52% of its politicians enough. araguaa and n approaching equality. for years it is rwanda that has hetoppedable. in the united kingdom, by comparison, just 32% of politicians are women. yemen and pop or new guinea -- papua new guinea registered no
female politicians aall. jini: in just over a week's time, the world cup will kick off in russia, and the host country isren -- keen to prove theyot hostile, just misunderstood. banners are up in cities where the games are taking place, but when the bbc visited a city, they saw that there is a paranoid part of russia still in place. reporter: there is a striking new landmark on the river. out of bounds for foreigners in soviet times, it is now in the final push to fopress visitors the world cup. s.side its very own kremlin, so are its politici >> i think the atmosphere here is great. our relations with countries are very friendly.
reporter: but this was the welcome that awaited us. the whole time we've been here, it seems there has been somebody following us in least one car, sometimes three. been on one of them ha our tails the whole day. we realized we had company erever we went. even to interview players of the local football club, excited they will be moving from this t grouthe new stadium after the world cup. minutes after we met localiv opposition ats, there was this. lee pair at the door said they had come from statsion to interview us, but we hadn't told anyone we would be here. this gup supports president
putie's biggest critic, al navalny, and some say that a country that detains political opponents does not deserve to host the world cup. >> i'm very upset about the opposition, the position of other countries towards putin and the people with whom he is surrounding himself. reporter: you wish the world had stayed away? >> yes, definitely. yes.: reporte next day we were followed again to the flat where the soviet dissident was sent into exile. the guide said it was to keep ahim from the foreign pread of the 1980 olympics. the b kept close watch on hi from next do. four decades on, our own watcher lurked outside. all this from a country stat init is not hostile, just misunderstood. russia wants to use this world cup to show its best face to the world. ere is another side to life
here that those visitors won't see. it is the increasingly paranoid, controlling side that is clearly there behind the makeove the world cup. rajini: over the past few weeks we have heard endlessly from politicians and pundits about the ump administration' foreign policy. but what do voters think especially those who put him in the white house? the bbc's nada tawfik has been to a baseball game in pennsylvania to find out. nadaedpresident trump has turn american foreign policy into something of a must watch sporting event. look away too long and risk missing an important play.an pennsylv was one of the key states that swung the election, and here, his loyalties approved -- his loyal base approved of his strong-arm tactics. we asked his supporters to grade his diplomacy so far susan likes president trump's
unpredictability. >> hardcore, rough face he has comes out, no question about that. but i think it is somewhat refreshing, and no one is expecting it. nada: critics of this administration believe the world is less safe now that the united states has pulled out of the iror deal, paris climate accd, and has provoked a trade war. but they have been unable to discredit president trump in the es of his supporters. from iran -- >> they probably already have nuclear weapons.ll we give themhat money, and what did we get out of it? nothing. s nada: to imposing tariffon allies. >> i realized what they might do to us, we might have to pay for that, but it has to be done to keep the country safe. i am all for keeping the country safe. nada: they reject the notion that these actio will leave the u.s. isolated. >> america will never be alone.
billions of dollars that people come to us for aidnd help and will never be alone. nada: the upcoming u.s.-north korea summit is further proof to them that america is winning. >> he will do what he thinks is right. he is not going to kowtow to anybody. nada: do you think he will be able to make a deal on north korea? >> maybe, maybe not. but at least he is trying something. what we have done in the past hasn't worked. nada: we also asked se who did not vote for president trump to grade hisoreign relations. they were less generous. >> his ego and everything gets in the way of decisions. >> i don't like his polics. i think he is antagonistic. >> i don' take anything that comes out of his mouth seriously. tomorrow it will be something different. dain baseball, they say attitude is everything, and that is president trump's guiding principle and foreign policy, to project american strength. while his unconventional
approach is often criticized, with his base it is a hit. nada tawfik, bbc news, reading, pennsylvania. rajini: that ends our program. i'm rajini vaidyanathan. thanks for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of is presentation is made possible by the freeman fountion, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for ameri's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrowt it swith a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: trade disputes loom large as president trump and other worladers head to the g-7 summit. nten, one on one with former president bill c-- we discuss james comey and the #metoo movement. >> i was afraid that you know she would be frozen in public mind for the ast of her li what happened. and i didn't want that for her. >> woodruff: a, an unlikely tech hub: bitcoin miners descend or one city in upstate new to take advantage of cheap electricity rates, but energy caps are caung locals to pay more. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.