tv BBC World News America PBS June 7, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
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your plans, your goals, your dreams.w your tomor now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washingto i am rajini vaidyanathan. president trump says he is prepared for his meeting with kim jong-un. if all goes well, the north korean leader could get an invite to the white house. believe wep: i reall have the potential to do something incredible forhe honor to bet is my involved. .srajini: first, the u. president is off to québec, where protests like these showhe thatreeting at the g7 summit could be chilly. and we are just a week away from the world cup,ut in some russian cities, the welcome signs co with a feeling that
someone is watching. rajini: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. with just a few days to go, president trump says he is ready for his meeting with north korean leader kim jong-un. his commentsame as he welcomed japan's prime minister, shinzo abe, to the white house. a short time later, u.s. secretary of state mike pompeo said he received a personalsu nce from mr. kim that his country is ready to denuclearize. but the interpretation of that term is bound to be a key topic in singapore. the bbc's jane o'brien begins our coverage. jane: with the clock ticking to tuesday's summit with kim jong-un, donald trump was visibly excited. pres. trump: i think it is going to be a very fruitful meeting, exciting meeting. i think we are going to get to
know a lot of people that our country never got to know. jane: the summit seems to be a session to know yo rather than a complex and high-stakes negotiation. another insight into mr. trump's unorthodox approach. pres. trump: i don't think i have to prepare much. is about attitude and willingness to get things done. i think i've been prepared for the summit for a long time. jane: that is a contrast to the rather more direct approachta taken by sec of state mike pompeo. when iboth sides were closer on a definition of virginia globalization -- -- denuclearization -- secretary pompeo: yes. reporter: could you describe that it? secretary pompeo: no. jane: for prime minister shinzo abe, here in washington make to ensure his voice is heard, the threat from north korea remains. these drills are a practice for
the ballistic missiles that can alreadyea tokyo with or without nuclear warheads. mr. abe seems to have been sidelined. kim has mewith chinese president xi, south korean president moon, and mr. pompeo. mr. trump, meanwhile, is thinking of other photo ups with mr.im. i if you invite him to the united states, woube at the white house or mar-a-lago? pres. trump: maybe we will start with the white house. spne: mr. abe hasn't t time -- has spent time building a relationship with mr. trump, but as other leaders have discovered, iendship does not always come with benefits. mr. abe might be rht to worry. jane o'brien, bbc news, washington. rajini: a brief time ago i discussed the meeting with mary jordan, a corresndent for "the washington post" who was previously based in tokyo. mary g jordad to have you with us.
we have seen the japanese prime minister in washington today. how important is it we approach the summit in singapore for president trump to make sure he has all the regional allies s on he? mary: i think it is just as t important japanese, and i think that abe came here with high, high hopes he is not forgotten by donald trump. afr all, donald trump is the america first president. even though he is making noises and rehing out to abe, who he has been in touch with, many people at the state department,r career foreignce officers, are wondering when he is sitting down with the north korean leader, is he going to remember actors in are oth the region? they have a lot at stake. rajini: for japan it is aboune abducted pri. how serious do you think president trump will take that as a condition when he goes into talks with north korea? mary: that is a big question.
he has a good relationship with abe, who has been to mar-a-lago and came herpotoday for an ant visit. after all, japan is in the ougion. if we are talking nuclear weapons, it is a lot more than the abductees at stake. though we cannot diminish -- i lived in japan for several years, and the emotional -- if this really happens, that the north kores who were abducted, especially this 13-year-old girl who has been gone since 1977, if that girl is released and hinkrned to japan, i donald trump would be a hero over there. i think donald trump knows that and wants to do that, because he wants to have this legacy.ji : of course, this summit all comes down to donald trump abeing able to coy with some sort of agreement on to denuclearization. r today in te garden he says he is prepared to walk away if it doesn't go well. what do you think are the odds of that happening?
mary: that is donald trump's negotiating style. he has written books on that, he is a businessman -- you cannot be a good negotiator unless you walk away from the table. but was very interesting that he just said in the press conference today that "i am going to sve this," and kind of mocked people in the past two , he said it is not just obama who blew it, but other presidents, that it is a terrible shame that they let it fester like this, and i'm going to solve this. he put the gauntlet down and basically said he is going to get something out of the summito people think this could be a drawn out process, and it will not be magic that appears in ons day gapore. goand he did say that if i well there, he is going to invite him to the white house. no if the north korean leader kim jong-un arrives in the white house can that is go to be a and a big deal for the north korean leader, too. this is what he wants, stature
d he will have gotten it if he gives enough in singapore and gets to the white house for round two. raji approach the summit.e mary jordan, always good to have you with us. mary: thanks. rajini: for more on what is at stake, i spoke earlier to our political analyst ron christie, who served as an adv. or to georgesh. so much to talk about. days to go until the sum singapore, let's start with that. president trump says that he does not think he has to prepa at much. it is all about attitude. if you are working in the white hoday, what would you make of that statement? ron: i would laugh and say that the presid making a joke. i remember all of the bilateral meetings president bush had, and we would plan these weeks if not months in advance. the notion that the presidt of the united states can go over and talk to the north korean leader on so many issues without preparation is on the bravado side. rajini: let's look at the ary, because tomorrow is the g-7 summit. president trump will head to
québec. we're not just talking about one summit, but we hrre also got to. ron: we have got tomorrow, and t of thethe presid united states going with six other nations whare very upset with him. the president, by taking actions on tariffs against canada, mexico, and some of our allies, has these foreign leaders concerned about the direction of american leadership. thgpresident better be hitt the books tonight, because he has a lot to prepare for for the folks in québec tomorrow as well as in singapore. rajini: hitting the books, butne that is not ssarily his style. ron: no, it is not. from my understanding, the president likes being briefed by staff, he likes having pictures and graphs. i can tell you from having worked for president bush and the a lot of perversion th -- there is a lot of poeparation thatinto this. the state department to the national security council, so many key advisors who have information to share with the president. it would help him if he hit the books -- how about that? rajini: one voice we heard a lot about from north korea is mpsecretary of state mike . today he responded to comments
from the president's lawyer rudy giuliani, who said that kim ng-un got on his hands and knees and begged for the summit to be back on. what we heard from mike pompeois todahat that is not the voice of the administration.vo what is the of the administration? fo have had john bolton sidelined as welhis comments on the north korean issue. who is speaking on this? ron: the most senipr member of thident's cabinet is the secretary of state. this is a job first held by thomas jefferson in 1789. so you would think that the dief diplomat for the uni states would be thchief voice and speak on behalf of the government. but then you have rudy giuliani, ambassador bolton, too many people who are speaking for the president when the president needs to have clarity and precision, and we are not seeing that this week heading into tw ry important summits. rajini: just briefly, president trump says that if the summit goesg- well, kim j could
come to washington. what do you make of that? i thought that was breathtaking. let's take it one step at a time, see if we can have a small ent, and then we can tal about normalization of relations. but we have many days to cover. rajini: this is part of a pprocess, so president tr perhaps downplaying his expectations -- he says it could be one of a nuer of meetings. ron: actually, i think that is one of the wiser things he has done, to lower expectations on this verimportant summit. if you lowerhe bar and lower expectations, should he be able to get a major agreement, people would say look howmart he is and how well he performed. rajini: we have days to go. let's see if the summit does happen. ron: good see you. jini: as we mentioned, president trump soon departs for the g-7 summit in quémic, where thert not be the most welcome audience awaiting him. after pulling out of the paris climate agreement, the iran nuclear deal, and imposing tariffs, america first policiedo are not goin so well with other foreign leaders. my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spoke to
mohamed el-erian, chief economic advisor for allianz, for their program "beyond 100 days." mohamed: i suspect to see six of the seven g-7 members tell him that tarfs are not helpful, and i suspect that he will pivot and say, look, why don' something to promote your own economic growth? there may be two different narratives coming out -- one, pressure on the u.s. on trade, but the other, the u.s. saying to other countries, why don'tou you dohomework before you come to me and complain about what i am doing? katty: you have been watchingor g-7 meetingsany years. can you remember a time when the world's biggest industrialized democracies were so clearly set against the biggest economy in the world, the united states, as they are at the moment
mohamed: no,his is new, and it shows you that the.s. has decided to take a differt approach to a goal that al g7 shares. the g7 agrees that you need fairer trade, but something has to be done about theft of intellectual property, something has to be done about non-tariff , something has to be done to modernize trade agreements. in the past this was done in what economists called a cooperative game. here there is a different proach. the u.s. has taken a different negotiating approach, and i think that is shocking the g7. christian: the last time you were on the program we were talking about growth and confidence retning. i wonder if things are looking a little more shaky. we have got tariffs, brexit, italy, growing concern in china. do you think the picture is looking more wobbly?
mohamed: if you remember, i've been cautioning people not toex get toted about the so-called synchronized pickup in global growth, because it was due to a confluence of factors. it was not policy-driven, except in the u.s. in europe it was a natural healing process. think of a patient coming out of hospital. they are nlonger in bed -- they can walk, but they are structurally impaired, they cannot run. in many emerging economies, it is simply a bounce back from a specific shock. these things don't last. as we are seeing today, the -called synchronized pickup in global growth has a lot less n mentum to it, and the message is very clear,portant one for the g7 -- you need progress on progrowth policies. christian: ultimately, is it trust that is the problem here? the rise of populism around the world which is undermining this
growth comes down to trust -- a lilack of trust in the ested order, a lack of trust in bankers, experts. is it that that is underpinning the problems we are seeing around the world? mohamed: you are absolutely right. the lack of trust in so many things -- institutions, in the economy, in the establishment -- is a very important part of the explanation. but then there is the question of why we have this lack of trust, and there is a very mple answer -- you simply cannot run advanced economies at ylow growth a cannot have the benefits of that growth to a small segment of the ngpopulation without t breaking. and what has broken is trust. yes, trust is a big issue, but behind that is the need to grow at a higher and more inclusive rate. rajini: mohamed el-erian speaking there. of guatemala's disaster
agcy was warned that the fuego volcano was about to erupt hours before the explosion but decided not to order evacuations. that has prompted fury fm opposition politicians who demanded his resignation. the death toll has risen to 99, with another00 missing, as will grant reports. will: amid the crisis in guatemala, the blame game and finger-pointing has begun. l emergency authority defended themselves, denying they are responsible, saying that even when they did issue an evacuation order, people tend to ignore them. it is a political situation that could run and run, not least because influential opposition figures suggest there could be criminal charges brought to bear as well. caughtinary guatemalans up in the crisis from these and other matters that interest arem. they areore concerned with e of whether or not they will be able to stay in
ergency shelters, whether they can return to their homes to salvage the few belongings that might haveurved. they are still searching for their loved ones. they are mourning,heare in grief. it is a very harrowing time in guatemala. olon theno itself and the volcano, thethe villages that have been devastated continue to receive workers, rescue workers, looking for whatever they can salvage. at this stage, the likelihood of anyone having survived this is very much very slim, and it is a question of by retrieval. rajini: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, is president trump's foreign policy i hit or miss for those who voted for him? we go to the baseball field to find out. a's new prime minister,
pedro sánchez, has unveiled his cabinet, andtw nearlthirds are women. most areal from his sociist party. it marked, he said, turning point for spanish society. a demand for equal pay," wris, in equal representation. spain's new prime minister, pedro sánchez, has wasted no time putting gender equality into practice. sanchez: this government is unequivocally committed to a quarterly dishy quality. -- equality. the vernment is a true reflection of e movement. porter: taking aim at ousted ajoy, ministerarno r mr. sánchez unveiled the cabinet that is more than 60% female.
in may of last year, french leader emmanuel macron split his cabinet0-50, and sweden likewise has 12 men and 12 wome take a look at the top 10 countries for 2018 for female politicians ound the world. ropean countries only have two entries that sweden and operate with 44% of its seats taken my female politicians, and finland at 10 with 42. central and south american countries fare much better. tebow with 52% of its politicianubfeet --with 52% ofic its polians enough. nicaraguad approaching equality. for years itha is rwandahas topped the table. in the united kingdom, by comparison,po just 32% of ticians are women. yemen and pop or new guinea -- papua new guinea registered no
female politicians at all. rajini: in just over a , ek's tie world cup will kick off in russia, and the host country iseen -- keen to prove they are not hostile, just sunderstood. banners are up in cities where the games are taking place, but when the bbc visited a city, they saw that there is a paranoid part of russia still in place. erreporter: is a striking new landmark on the river. out of bounds for foreigners in heviet times, it is now in final push to impress visitors for the world cup. inside its very own kmlin, so are its politicians. >> i think the atmosphere here great. our relations with countries are very friendly.
reporter: but this was t welcome that awaited us. the whole time we've been here, een somebodyre has following us in at least one car, sometimes three. i think one of them has been on our tails the whole day. we realized we had company wherever we went.o eventerview players of the local football club, excited they will be moving from this ground to the new stadium after le world cup. minutes after we mal opposition activists, there was this. the pair at the door said they had come from state television t'nterview us, but we hadnt toldnyone we would be here. this group supports president
putin's biggest critic, alexei navalny, and some sathat a country that p detaiolitical opponents does not deserve to host the world cup. '>> i'very upset about the opposition, the position of other countries towards putin and the people with whom he is surrounding himself. reporter: you wish the world had stway? >> yes, definitely. yes. reporter: the next day we were wllowed again to the flat where the soviet disside sent into exile. the guide said it was to keep him from the foreign press ahead of the980 olympics. the kgb kept close watch on him from next door. four decades on, our owner wat lurked outside. all this from a country that insists it is not hostile, just misunderstood. russia wants to use this worldcu to show its best face to the world. there is another side to life
here that those visitors won' 't see. it is the increasingly paranoid, controlling side that is clearly there behind the makeover for the world cup. rajini: over the past few weeks we have heard endlessly from politicians and pundits about the trump administration's foreign policy. but what do voters think, especially thoseho put him in the white house? the bbc's nada tawfik has been to a baseball game in tpennsylvaniao find out. nada: president trump has turned american foreign poly into something of a mustor watch spng event. look away too longss and risk g an important play. pennsylvania was one of the key stones that swung the electi, and here, his loyalties approved -- his loyal base approved of his strong-arm tactics. we asked his supporters to grade his diplomacy so far. susan likes president trump't's unprediclity.
>> hardcore, rough face he has comes out, no question about that. but i think its somewhat refreshing, and no one is expecting it. nada: critics of this administration believe the world is less safe now that the unitee states has pulout of the iran deal, paris climate accord, and has provoked a trade war. but they have been unable to discredit president trump in the eyes of his supporters. from iran -- >> they probably already have nuclear weapons. we give them all that money, and what did we get out of it? nothing. nada: to imposing tariffs on alli. >> i rlized what they might do to us, wmight have to pay for that, but it has to be done to keep the country safe. i am all for keeping the country safe. nada: they reject thnotion that these actions will leave the u.s. isolated. >> america will never be alo.
llions of dollars that people come to us for aid and help and we will never be alone. nada: the upcoming u.s.-northmm korea su is further proof to them that america is winning. >> he will do what he thinks is right. he is not going to kowto to nada: do you think he will be able to make a deal on north korea? >> maybe, maybe not. but at least he is tryin something. what we have done in the past hasn't worked. nada: we also asked to those who t vote for president tru to grade his foreign relations. they werless generous. >> his ego and everything gets in the way of decisions. >> i don't like his policies. i think he is antagonistic. >> i don't know how anybody can take anything that comes out ofl his mouth seri tomorrow it will be something different. nada: in baseball, they say attitude is everything, and that is president trump's guiding principle and foreign policy, to project american strength. while his unconventional
approach is often criticized, with his base it is a hit. nada tawfik, bbc news, reading, pennsylvania. rajini: that ends our progrni. i'm raaidyanathan. thanks for watching "world news americ" >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestylee so you can swyour way to the news of the day and stay n -to-date with the latest headlines you caust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial.we >> how dhape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. gi see its ideal form in our mind, and then wn to chisel. we strip away everythi that nestands in the way to revw possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have
ptioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. the newshour tonight: trade disputes loom large as president trump and other world leaders head to the g-7 summit. then, one on one with former president bill clinton-- we discuss james comey and the #metoo movement. >> i was afraid that you know she would be frozen in the public mind for the rest of her life and what happened. and i didn't want that for her. >> woodruff: and, an unlikely tech hub: bitcoin miners descend on one city in upstate new york to take advantage of cheap electricity rates, but energy caps are causing locals to pay more. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.