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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  June 9, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on this edition for saturday, june 9: before departing early for the summit with kim jong un, president trump threatens to end trade with the other members of the g7. in our signature segment, tryino to rlve conflicts at school to prevent suspensions. and, a bold experiment in a new orleans jail: a high school inside. next on "pbs newshr ekend." >> "pbs newshour weekend" is ossible by: bernard and irene thyl and philip milstein thand edgar wachenheim foundation. roy vagelos and diana t vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. . the anderson family fu rosalind p. walter. barbara hope zuerberg.
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corporate funding is provided by mutual of ameca-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. >> additional support has been provided by: and by the corpration for ublic broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs n statioom viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening and thank you for joining us. at the group of seven summit in quebec six heads of state concluded the two day meeting. while the seventh, president donald trump, left earlys heading for eting in singapore with north korean leader kim jong un. ft, the president issued stern warnings and threatened to end trade with his counterparts if they didn't halt what he called unfair trade practices. at the same time, he also proposed eliminating all tariffe and tarriers-- a drastic
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change to the current economic system tmit would impact ions of jobs around the globe. >> we're like the piggy bank that everybody's robbing. t ends. you want a tariff-free, you want no barriers, and you want no subsidies, because you have some cases where countries are subsidizing industries, and that's not fair. >> sreenivasan: the president placed the blame for the trade imbalance ohis presidential edecessors, and praised himself when asked about the u.s. relationship with allies at the g7 summit. hi i would say the relatio is a ten, and i don't blame them, i blame, as i said, i blame our past lears for allowing this to happen. there was no reason this should happen. there is no reasonhat we should have big trade deficits with virtually every country in the world. i'm goin g way beyond the g7. there's no reason for this. it's the fault of the people who preceded me. >> sreenivasan: president trp also criticized his predecessor, president barack obama, for ruia's annexation of crimea in 2014. russia was then suspended from
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what was then the g-eight summit for violating international law. >> crimea was let go during the obama administration. and,ou know, obama can say all he wants, but he allowed russia to take crimea. i may have had a much different attitude. >> sreenivasan: yet president trump again voiced his support for readmitting rp sia to the gr seven nations. russ sia t withdrawn from crimea. white house correspondent yamiche alcindor is in quebec city coveringmi the g-7 sas it wraps up. she joins us nowst let's talk fbout the tough words, the threats on trade. where do relations stand inside the g7? >> reporter: well, even though president trump rates his relationship with g7 members a , it's very clear that the last few days have been filled with very tense moments. the president of france tweeted that the oixerountries that are not in the g7 with the united states, theycan make a decision without the united states without any problem. president trump then said i they want to call it the g6, it
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doesn't matter to mim it shows the united states is okay with back out of this agreement. the other thing that is important, the president today, this morning, shocked a lot of g7 members by suggesting that the g7 should be a tariff-free zone. >> sreenivasan: and that is a significant structural change ld have ripple effectse on the entire global economy. let's also talk a little bit about the vocacy president trump has had for russia being readmitted back into this group. >> reporter: well, president trump said that the g7 would be more meaningl if russia was allowed back in, and it became the g8 again. seat's really important because russia i as someone-- a country that really was doing things that the g7 did not agree with, but president trump is not backing down. canada, frce, and a lot of other e.u. members, european union members, said th not agree with president trump, that russia should not be allowed back in. but the new populous prime minister of italy says he agree with president trump. sreenivasan: he game late, left early. what does the administration point to as theitsachievem
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at this summit? >> reporter: well, the main achievement and the main thing president trump wanted to get out of this was to tell people in person that the united states was not gorsg re its controversial tariffs on steel and aluminum. the property met with the presiden prime minister of canada. he said that those countries are taking advantage of the u.s. and that the u.s. is going tochange the way that it does trade. and he was able to get that out there. but this was, of course, a ve frunicated visit. the president was late. he lost out on a couple of different meetings, iing a meeting on climate change. and, also, he was very late to a breakfast about women and gender equality. >> sreenivasan: some of th h issues i guealso missed late this afternoon, the world bank, the i.m.f.. how consequential are these conversations and ow significant is it if america is not at that table. >> reporter: it is very significant. the presidt did have an aide sit in on the meeting about climate change, and there are nguntries that will be tal about women and gender equality. we are seeing president trumpng sae didn't have time to talk to all these countries
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about these consealquen issues. there was some reporting these countries might come to an agreement about climate change without the united stches, wof course, is a very big deal. president trump said that he was here for a very short period of time. he left washington very lat he had to even reschedule a meeting that he had with the president of franhece. and now 's gone. le left at 10:30 a.m., and there are otheers stick around for the whole thing. >> sreenivasan: this is very different than how we see these meetings take place. rarely do we seenilateral statements by countries g these discussions, and rarely do we see this sort of direct affront to the idea of why the union exists in the fit place. are the other countries and all the flaes are covering them are, erey as surprised by these developments asps the american press is? >> reporter: well, most people here are very surprised. while president trump had, of course, been talking for a while about the fact that the united states was really treated unfairly when it came to tradea, no oney expected president
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trump to arrive late. no one expected him to leave early. no one expected him to then start really having very openly hostile meet wgths presidents of france and canada and the prime minister of canada. and what we saw was the w really looking at the united states and saying, "hey, this is a country that's looking at the g7 a lot differently." and a lot of american official they say talked to who are familiar with summits like this, say there's not nou going to be a leadership vacuum. and that leadership vacuum means other world players, both people inside the agreement, inside the g7, germany, but also countries like russia could play bigger rolen the world stage. >> sreenivan: all right yamiche alcindor joining us from canada. thank you very much. >> sreenivasan: president trump is now on his way to singapore for the planned summit with north korean leader kim jong un. before leaving catoda, mr. trump reporters that the meeting is a, "one shot deal" for north korea and that he'll know" within a mite" whether kim jong un is serious about giving
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up nuclear weapons. >> i think i'll know pretty quickly whether or not, in mhi opinion, som positive will happen. and if i think it won't happen, i'm not going to waste my time. medon't want to waste his >> sreenivasan: president trump arrives in singapore tomorrow. the summit it set to begin on tuesday. while leaders from the g-7 gathered in canada, china and russia led the annual meeting of the shanghai cooperation organization in the chinese port cite of qingdao. ing were heads of state from across central asia focused on security concerns. on the sidelines of the eting, russian president vladimir pun d iranian president hassan rouhani discussed the iranian nuclear deal after the withdrawal of the u.s. last month. russia, china, and european partners are still part of the agreement, which loosened sanctions in exchange for placing limits on nuclear fuel oduction. in afghanistan today the taliban announced a three-day cease-fire set to take place during the muslim holiday of eid-al-fitr later this month.
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afghan government officials welcomed the unprecedented move which comes just two days after president ashraf ghani announced a week-lon taliban during the holiday. the taliban cease-fire specifically excludes foreign forces. the festival me eid al-fitr at the end of ramadan and is celebrated with family gatheringseasting. high temperatures and dry conditions in the west are helping to spread wildfires. firefighters in southwestern colorado are battlg a blaze that grew 40% larger in one day, forcing a total of 1,500 homes to be evacua federal agencies are now tracking two dozen wildfires in eight states. and forecasts warn of "above- normal significant large firen potential"june for southern california and the four corners region of colorado, new mexico, arizona, and utah. meet a "conversion therapy" survivor who helped to spur canada's first ban on the practice. visit >> sreenivasan: when it comes to student misbehavior, many schools across the country hav""
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zero therance" policies wh often lead to suspensions. these policies disproportionately affect students of color. tht now, some school districts-- includine in san francisco, denver, and new york city-- have turned aw from zero tolerance, and replaced it with what is known as" restorative justice." in these programs, students are encouraged to resolve conflict by talking about the root causes of their behavior. "newshour weekend" visited a new york high school campus taking part in a four-year-long study of storative justice practices. megan thompson has the story. >> l's do a quick check-in. just give me one word on how your week h basn. ter: in a ninth grade civics class in brooklyn, new york, erica wright is encouragi each other and build trust. it is part of a new program known as "restorative justice." a team from the nonprofit center vafor court inon works at the high schools on canarsie educational campus where the majority of the students qr lify for freeduced price lunch.
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the campus is in an arit that has trnally had one of the highest suspension cirates in te . >> our students have incredibly adult-sized problems, but don't always have adult-sized resources. >> reporter: mischael cetouts a restorative justice coordinator. >> what restorative justice allows us to do is to look beyond the behavior and look at some of the root causes and see can we prevent this from turning into something much bigger. so now if a student gets into a fight, the question isn't how bad was the fight and how many days is thatnsion worth. the question is, "well what do we do to make sure that you n't have another fight?" >> the last time we met you guys had a conflict with each other. >>eporter: just into its first year, the project is part of citywide efforto reduce suspensions and increase safety. >> so what's been going on? how's been your week? >> reporter: this is called a" harm circle," where erica wright mediates conflicts between students. she starts by asking a question
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>> reporter: passing a baton known as the "talking piece," junior d toni and freshman shane dover are discussing what happened after school one day in february. >> i was walking on rockaway parkway and he had came, he hit me and we got in an altercupion. >> i camo him and tried to discuss with him, but i didn't i tathe way i was supposed to, i actually put mattes in my own had i ended up fighting him. t >> we have time to where we can actually facilitate a real conversation. and it's n like, okay, we just don't want you guys to fight. but it's like what was the root of the fight?uy why were youfighting? >> how have you guys been since that time? >> the way i handle myself is-- usually i handle it with violence-- but ever since i encountered the mediation cile, i've learned how to control my anger and just talk about it. because taing doesn't hurt. it's better to use your words than to use violence. >> reporter: the circle helped the students realize the root cause of the conflict was simply a misunderstanding. >> we realsi had a lot of
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larities. like, we both played football-- like the same football players. >> ever since it's been resoeed, i've been seeing sh around. i've been treating him like he's one of myik bros,i've known him all my life. >> we hang out sometimes at the park. and if the conflict wasn't resolved then it would probably still be ongoing. >> changovdoesn't happen night. >> reporter: cance fagan is a dean at urban action academy, the canarsie-campus school shane ver attends. she has noticed a measurable di hfference not only wi, but with many of her students since the program started this school year. >> i see a lot more respect inng the buil it's not just not a the levels of respect that students have for one another. >> it's different because you ninth grade civics class are talking qualities they value most in relationships.
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>> because you can laugh and you can cry with your best friend. >> with that happening in the classroom 's less likely for you to fight somebody that you now build a relationship with. and authentic rela not just "hi, my name is. my favorite color is blue." we go in depth. we go with feelings and how do we handle conflict and anger. >> reporter: and fagan says the program has contributed to a gnificant drop in the number of suspensions at urban action academy. >> last year this time we were at 158 suspensions. this year we're 37. now, although we did have 37 incidents this year, howo we repair the harm that's done? how do we let both students know that they are valuable assets to the community and we want to bring them back into the community so tint they can co to be successful academically? >> reporter: multiple academic studifoes havd that suspensions makes it more likely for that student to dropout of high school. trend particularly affec students of color. the u.s. department of education
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has found that nationwide, black students are three times more likely to be suspended than white students. and a 2011 stu of nearly one million students in texas found at those students who we suspended or expelled were imes more likely to come into contact with the juvenile justice system within the next year. coordinator mischael cetout argues that the restorative stice model can help prevent kids from ending up in prison down the road-- not just in his school, but acro the nation. >> we have the largest incarcerated population in the world, and that is not going to change unless we start doing things differently. i think restorative justice is needed everywhere, but specifically at canarsie. you can not necessarily ovide everytng that a kid needs, but what restorative justice does is it gives you the option of not doing more harm. >> reporter: in december, cetout helped mediate a circle with jaycob merritt, a senior who fought with and injured another student two years ago when he
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was a sophomore. >> she used to make fun of my hair. she used to call me lly i would deal with it, but it was one day i couldn't really put up with it anymore. i was fed up. >> reporter: merritt and the othestudent fought, and she ended up going to the hospital. police officers came to the school and arrested merritt. >> i was nervous. i was scared. i didn't know what was going to happen. you know, i didn't kng if i was go spend the night in the precinct. i never been in that situation before. so, it was just, it was scary for me. >> reporter: but ultimately t-e other studwho did not agree to our interview request-- dropped the charges. administrators spended merritt for a week. this all occurred before the school had started harm circles. the tension between the two students bubbled up again on a school trip last year. merritt¡s girlfriend, harmony collazzo, had a verbal confrontation with the other student. >> so we had to be separated on the bus. >> reporter: then, collazzo, meditt, and the student agr
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to talk in a circle with mischael cetout. >> it provided a safe environment for me to talk to r and her to talk to me without there being, you know, a big argument. you know, i was able to put my side of the story which she wasn't able to hear. >> reporter: jacob merritt also had a chance to apologize. >> they get arrested and suspended, but they actually never get to say, "i'm sorry." and so for jaycob, he got that opportunity and for the otr young lady that's what she really wanted to hear. >> i always felt like any day e could say something or i would say something and, you know, a bomb will go off, but since the mediation i felt like things have been you know >> sreenivasan: in a new orleans re is a bold experiment underway. teenaged young men-- criminally charged as adults-- are now also enrolled in full-day high school
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classes that can lead to diplomas and real academic credit. it iews the subject of a report called "the hardest lesson on tier 2-c," from the marshall projectnd public radio's "this american life." reporter eli hager joi us now from seattle for more on his inside look at this attempt to offer young prisoners aned ucation option. thanks for joining uris. briefly de how does this school work inside a jail? 's sure. bit complicated, as you might imagine. there are tiers of the jail where the inmates all live in cells. and then there's this one a of the jail that used to be the food warming area, and they tore down some walls and built a school there. and it really looks like any school. there are interactive white boards. the students use chrome books. the teachers are teaching algebra and trigonometry and social studies and english, just like any school. they just bring the younger students, both juveniles and 18-
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to 21-year-olds into that area every day for a full day of class. >> sreenivasan: and who is taying for it? is the department of corrections? is it the city of nes orleans? >> ie city of new orleans. so the orleans parish school board has a contract with a national nonprofit who runs the at's pt of the new orleansl school district. >> sreenivasan: is there a bit of a mixed message here? on the one hand, the city or state decides to try them and convict them as adults. but on sthe other hand, it'sing you're still a student and you need to go to school? >> that's defiexnitely the rience of the kids themselves. they're facing 40, 50 years in prison, potentially, some of them. and, you know, they get put on lockdown for 23 hours aay in their cells and get fed their food through a slot, all thethse gs telling them they have no future and no value, really, as peoenple. but hey have to go to math class and leaa,rn algehich is this kind of useful skill for a job some day, and it's kind o hard to wrap their minds around
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that. it's kind of like the ultimate coat switch. >> sreenivasan: how do they measure whether this is working or not? >> well, it's not easy to measure, but there are all the usual ways of measuring educational attainme i mean, they take the same eryndardized tests as ev student in louisiana, and over a dozen have now passed state exams in english and same with math. they've also now given three real high school diplomas to students. ose are things that hav never happened before in the new those are real concrete measures of success. but, also, just lvel of investment from the kids. a lot of the students told us that ihe best school they've ever been to because they hadn't been to great schools before. they just wish it was a school on the outside, not in jail. so there's definitely investment from the students so far. >> sreenivasan: how do the tehers deal witht? i mean, this is not a normal environment to be teaching in? >> yeah, it's not at all normal.
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you know, they're teaching in classrooms are no windows. there's kind of a s there. but they areble-- they are able to do some things to get past that hopelessness that i was talkingbout befoe that the students feel. one thing that tends to work is the students' participation in performance can get re their judges, and that can be a good motivational tool. some of the teachers like to give the students lots of icchoices of whwork to do or which periods to study because they have no sense of autonomy in jail, otherwise. their bedtimes rnd mealse chosen for them. but other things don't work inil discipline really means nothing. the kids would say, "what are you going to do put me in jail?" and building a relationship could be very difficult because these kids could g oet sent at any moment to state prison or could be released at any moment. >> sreenivasan: eli hager from the marshal project joining us from seattle today. thank you venk much. >> tou.
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returning to our top story, the g7 endemad fy today with a communique signed by all seven nations. they agreed that key and fair trade are key ingredients for growthnd job creation. in a news conference wrapping up the summit, canadian prime tnister justin trudeau said he told presidemp that the steel and aluminum tariffs the president is imposing are "insulting q and that canada plans retal toire tariffs. that's all dir thison of pbs newshour weekend. i'm hari sreenivan, thanks for watching. captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh ho
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>> pbs ne weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the sue and edgar wachenheim foundation. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. athe j.p.b. foun. the anderson family ndnd. rosa. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided utual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. tretirement company.r additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for
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publicroadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thanyou. be more. pbs. be more.
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