tv BBC World News America PBS June 11, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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looking at p thet. what previous efforts to engage renorth kocould they look at today? welcome viewers on public television in the u.s. and around the globe. we are still a few hours away s om the unprecedented summit between the lead the u.s. and north korea. eet already, history has bn made in singapore. kim jong-un, a political recluse, and only has third trip away from the hermit kingdom has , spent the evening taking selfies on a leisurely tour around singapore's tourist spots. bbc's christian fraser is there. taking us through what is happening as the clock is ticking. ouristian, interestingly, he has been on aof singapore. correspondent: yes, he has. we cannot overstate, jane, how
inextraoy this was. this was a man who was six months ago dubbed the biggest national against the united states, a man threatening to obliterate the america, and here he is walking around downtown singapore being treated like a rock star with . he has a big day tomorrow. he is only 33. if he is feeling pressure, he is not showing it. as iflking around, there is no care in rld. presumably there is some acuriosity, but also it is chance f confidence.tray some let's not forget this is being ed back to pyongyang, and it is of enormous propaganda value. through the day here in singapore, he is sitting down sunday night. our north american editor jon sopel has been watching developments.
john: was therer a more vivid symbol of the dramatic change in the singapore air? the reclusive leader on a nighttime walkabout in a tourist destination just ahead of his summit with donald trump. kore watches, even debating whether this is kim jong-un's first known selfie. u.s. president, the longtime master of retinal media attention, was having a heyday. once with the singaporean prime minister. no, this is not celebrating prematurely, it is donald trump's birthday this week. though progress with kim jong-un would be the gift of all gifts. the american president sees this potentially as his moment in history, potentially a momene of history fororld. he is determined, energized, and positive. and so much happier to be in singapore than québec. .at the briefing, the u
secretary of state was upbeat. alof the preparations are coming together nicely. philippa: -- sec. pompeo: there are only two people who can make these decisions of this magnitude, and those two people will be in the room tomorrow. we areopeful this summit will set conditions for future productive talks. in light of horemany flimsy ents the united states has made in previous years, this president will ensure that no potential agreement will fail to adequately address the north korean threat. jon: so what might denuclearization mean?ic amonce any abandonment of nuclear weapons to be complete, north korea must submit to international nuclear monitoring, and it must be irreversible. north korea will not be allowedn to maint capacity to covertly rebuild its nuclear program. pyongyang, the country's most faus newsreader has breaking news. on-air to confirm that
the supreme leader was in historie for these talks. 68 years ago, at the height of fears about the spread of communism, the korean war erupted. soviet-backed forces from the north attacked the south. america and others were sucked in. the status quo was restored, but not before as many3 as million koreans died. the korean war was brutal. over a three-year period, over americans lost their lives. commemorated at his memorial here in washington. ri1100 britons also peshed. it may be 65 years ago since the fighting ended, but for some, it is still living history. master sergeant howard griffin, now 91 years old, is a veteran. of the w master sgt. griffin: it was cold, and to me, it was usele. i think. i'm not know. jon: the conflict was eless? master sgt. griffin: yesterday
-- yes. we lost the war. is the mostre ordered, structured society in southeast asia, but tomorrow, two of the world was the most will tryional leaders to forge a path to a new peninsula that for seven decades has been under known conflict and the fear of conflict. jon sopel, bbc news, singapore. , i have to tell you, because it would not be the same without a tweet from donald trump, but he has taken toha twitter to saythe meetings between staff and representatives are going well noand quickly, but these d matter because we will soon know whether or not a real deal can happen. is that what wnoare looking at a real deal? correspondent: -- think this is i base camp one, and mike pompeo discussedhat today, promise me
a framework, and if it goes well, if donaldmp tives it the green light at the end of the meeting, of course they will build up, and ey will bring in e experts that they need. i also have to tell you, while he has been putting out history, tm jong-un has been talki which is a north korean news agency, talking about his walk around in singapore, and he has commented on how clean the city is and how well they have done with her economy. there is a lesson here f north korea. perhaps it is different this time. perhaps ere is an economic imperative to north korea, because the sanctions have been over the years, so much so that he has to travel here in a plane that had been loaned to him by air china. perhaps there is the potential for something to happen, but it will have to begin with a personal relationship. as of the moment, they will have to wait and see whether donald kim jong-un.
jane: christian come i'm transfixed by those pictures of kim jong-un, because like the rest of the world,t his is the fime we have seen him close. but is there a chance that he is upstaging donald trump? t correspondent: ts always -- christian: that has always been that he is upstaging the american side. it is of enormous propaganda value. his grandfather, father -- he is achieving something they did not. maybe they will play this on ele for many years, how they brought the great north american power to heal. theill be the story for next three days and months to come here to there have been come as mike pompeo said before, plenty of agreements, plenty of agreements by the north korean side. it is what they have and where it is.
jane: christian fraser in singapore, thankch you very of course, christian will be leadin bringing us the latest. former cia analyst who is now at the center firs for strategic and international studies. . thank you for joining me. this haseen billed as a tting to know you session. reduced?idean it is >> clearly, prt trump is not going to lower expectatns after president trump raised it after saying he can get all of this done, get north korea to denuclearize in an irreversible manner. obously, he is not trying to lower expectations, because lyprobe are very far apart on the message of denuclearization, and what is north korea truly willing to give up jane: what is the least
out?eds to get h needs a commitment by kim jong-un to denuclearize, in a way that the u.s. defines it, which is unilaterally dismantling of the nuclear program, not the way north korea defines it, which is koreancuation of the peninsula, if ty is guaranteed, if the u.s. hostile policy ends. what that means for herth korea isnd of u.s.-south korea alliance commitment, including u.s. troops out of south korea, ending extended north korean umbrellas we have over south korea and japan. we have different views of denuclearization of your at a minimum, president trump needs to get a commitment from kim jong-un. then set up a timeline for very robust change in regime that needs to take place if they are truly willing to put something to give up their nuclear weapons program. we are being mind
told that kim jong-un has no intention of getting rid of his nuclear weapons. how will you defineuccess? >> what i would define success of as if north korea at least gives up elementheir nuclear program and agrees to a timeline. again, for a regime, for the verification regime to take place, meaning international inspectors are rolowed to get back into north korea to begin thess of .erifying whether kim has given up his nuclear weapons program of course, president trump again raiseds expectati snapping the iran deal, saying it was not good enough, it was insanethe worst de ever. now he set the bar very high. we will see if he can conclude a deal with north korea that is better than the iran deal. jane: how confident you tg-nk that kim j is? we have seen extorti o mary richarhim walking around singapore, taking in the sights. he seems to be a man very at home in this situation. >> it is quite remarkable seeing
him taking a selfie, touring in singapore. eg is very different from his father in that rard. fahither was a little but of a recluse and an introvert. vehe iry happy to be sort of out and about. i think he is really enjoying this newfound makeover that he is he is appearing tono be. al leader of a normal country, now getting ready to sit down with the president of the united states. all of this limelight, the international media givi him respect in a way. i think he is really enjoying this. and he is coming in, actually, to sit. down with president trump from his perspectiv from a position of strength, not fm international pressure, stations, or strike talks, but because them in his mind, he has achieved a certain level in terms of their nuclear and missile capabilities that now he gen set up with president trump and see what he cain terms
of negotiations. jane: thank you so much indeed for joining us. >> thank you for having me. jane: let's look at some other news now. hpope francis accepted the resignation of three chilean bishops, including juan barros, in the wake of a child sex scandal. barros was accused of covering up sexual abuse dating back to the 1980's. earlier this year, pope francis was heavily criticized forin initially defehim. at least 12 people have died in afghanistan after a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a government building in the capital of kabul. dozens more were injured employees at the development ministry were leaving their offices when the bomb exploded. at the main gate. now saying is stepping in to help a ship of migrants who departed from libya only to be stranded at sea. the aquarius is carrying more than 600 african refugees and has been drifting in the mediterranean after italy and malta refused to let it dock.
many of those on board are women and children. james reynolds reports. james: the aquarius left o sicily on friday in order to save lives. italian officials even directed it toward these migrants, struggling to stay afloat off the coast of libya. >> i need your life jackets. take them off, people, if you must. let's go. james: this was not an easy rescue. >> need to double time recovery right now. james: in the end, everyone was saved. >> one by one, guys. >> you in the raft. go, go, go. james: the aquarius then headed back towards sicil expecting to be able to dock. but without warning, italy's new populist government closed at -- its ports. atit said nearby malta should take in the rescued migrants. but malta refused, so the reue
ship was suddenly stuck at sea with hundreds of vulnerabless gers on board. >> we have over 100 children on board, babies as well, multiple women, including seven pregnant women.n the situatll become more and more difficult on board.no our capacity ially 500 people. we are now at 62 of dlesse sights waves of migrants making it to italy and helped to make the populists in power. e country's leading anti-immigration voice claimed this confrontation as a victory. >> obviously can our aim is to continue to save lives.be the problem ha solved, thanks to the generosity of the spanish government. clearly, the european union cannot go on this way, and starting from today, we count a new day, a new beginning.s: jameor those on for the
aquarius, that new start may begin in spain after a journey across the sea. but in the larger crisis, this is just one fix for onvote. -- boa jane: james reynolds reporting. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, trying to take back congress. inst a key primary in the u.s. midterm elections. the hunt is on for hidden treasure of the cornish coast after a 300-year-old shipwreck was uncovered. jon kay reports. jon: she was said to be loaded with spices, pearls, and diamonds. this is how the president might have looked as she headed home to london in hard to imagine on a calm day sehen,ay, but back
storms cher to single the cornish coast. now the storms of 2018 have shifted the stands, ati for the firs exposed an anchor and seven cantors, some of them two meters long. mark millburn was one m the divers we the discovery. mark: not realizing deis was right the waves. jon: he told me the wreck waet only a few ms from the shore, covered by centuries of shingles in a stretch of dangerous water. mark: we cannot wait to get back in. it is that connection with history, but most people do not even get the chance to see it. two actually allow it to come here iminimal, so the chance of anybody see unit is-- so smal eeing it is so small. i think i should play the lottery, really. jon: finding the spot where the president was lost has long been the dream of historians. part of the wreck was found 20
years ago, but this latest wdiscovery might explain the ship broke up and where the treasure might be. what about the treasure? : it could be beneath ou feet, miles off, down the beach -- they could be anywhere. jon: if the are jewels in the sea, it will be specialist e one cover it, because the waters are just as treacherous as it was 300 years ago. jon kay, bbc news, cornwall. jane: now we still may be months away frothe u.s. midterm ections, but in some districts, this is the height of primary season. voters getting the chance to a personarty from --
from their party, tuesday, voters in the 10th district will have their say in a race that will tell us a lot about the political landscape. wmy colleague kattyt to see how things are shaping up. >> i am different. i'm not a politician. >> we can stand up to the nra. >> we can make it exciting for peop. >> we're not done yet. katty: if democrats are going to win back congress in november, they need to start with virginia's background district, which is what local airwaves haveecome the front line in the national five. dona trump's name is not on the he is a big part of the conversation, though. >> after 9/11, the greatest threat to our democracy lived in a cave. today, he i livthe white house. katty: this part of virginia is one of the wealthiest areas in america, just an hour from washington. it is a strange mixture of booming high-tech, quaint old town, and agricultural farmland. it has also been a republican stronghold for almost 40 years. although it has a republican congresswoman, virginia's 10th
district actually voted for01 clinton in 2 which is why several democrats are spending a lot of money to run for this seat. among them are a local politician and a former obama aide. >> i will be very clear, i think donald trump is our greatest national security threat. this is one of the most important seats in the entire country. there is absolutely no path for desecrats to take back the h without coming through the seats of virginia 10. it is incredibly important to us here locally but also nationally as well. katty: then it is this man, dan helmer, who fought in afghanistan. this army veteran isctually campaigning for tighter gun control. der episodes ofd the race, he went undercover to prove how easy this to buy semiautomatic weapons inia virgin >> so you don't need a background check or anything like that? >>o! [laughter] artty: whichever democrat wins
tuesday's primwill take on the republicans' barbara comstock. she was adrift in 2016 and clung to her seat, but she i vulnerable. she also has had a tricky re she distanced herself after the "access hollywood" comments about kissing women. in a passing replicated across the country, her fate is now tied to his. trump voters here now think she should pay him his due >> i do not think there is mething wrong with being close to donald trump, because i think he is doing a lot that is right. >> think she has embraced donald where she has needed to. she has done a good balancing act.e d it in 2016. exbut again, we havetuesday, you know, the primary. we will see how that goes. katty: if there is a blue wave coming, it starts right he in virginia if democrats cannot unseat barbara comstock, they are unlikely to win back congress. katty kay, bbc ns, virginia.
jane: let's return to our top story, the summit in singapore between u. president donald trump and north korean leader kim jong-un. otil this meeting, there has been nearly 17 yeaconflict between the two countries. armed or otherwise. bbc's david eades has been looking at footage from the bbc film archives at this hostile and complicated relationship. david: for a conflict between the u.s. and the west againstce soviet forand the chinese, never mind korean against korean, it is ironic that this was labeled the "foren war." initially, the north flood allied reports marking a dreadful first month. d the united nations comm has halted the north korean advance, and is holding it for a line around the perimeter. david: that triggered the nis.-led relentless air bombing to force the comst enemy
back across the border. in three years of combat, 2 million dead, many military, many more civilians. purges were carried out. massacres inflicted on and by th sides. >> more ordinance dropped onh norea in three years than in the entire east asian theater operations in world war ii. entire cities were flattened. the americans in the eyes of the north koreans are clearly the enemy. they see the conflict and the way they represented to their own citizens as a nortan victory. victory. david: in fact, it was a war neither won nor lost, and not officially finished, only with an armistice. over the years, this trust has occasionally given way to ho. >> supposedly here on a private visit. david: former presidenrter stepped into north korea to build a deal in 1994, though clinton visited 15ears later, seeking to improve relations.
the result on both occasions forced storms. >> don't forget that north koreans have a record of breaking agreements, concealment, to put it bluntly, of cheating. i would argue they have a desirt to make korea great again . international leaders like donald trump will be wise to take that deportunity and lop it. david: since the korean war, so much has changed, and yet the problem there has just festered. time and again, efforts to resolvit have come to nothing. one thing the archive does show us, though, true of absence, any picture of a serving u.s. esident making a visit to the democratic people's republic of korea. as the summit approachre, we entering uncharted, unpredictable territory. david eades, bbc news. jane: it will be interestingo see what images will be addeto
the bbc archive after the historic summit in singapore. president trump has tweeted, saying things are going well between staff and representatives. we will have to wait to see whether a real deal will hapn. certainly we will be there. i am jane o'brien. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." r with the bbc news app, vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the newsf the day and stay up-to-dateadith the latest lines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursug solutions for america's neglected needs, d purepoint financial. h iso we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vn. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, we're on the ground in singapore ahead of historic talks between the u.s. and north korea-- what's at asstak president trump prepares to meet witkonorth rea's leader kim jong un. then, a deepening divide-- the fallout after an unsettled g-7 summit leaves president trumat odds with key american allies. and we begin our series "the end of aids: far from over" by looking at the epidemic in ruia. how the country's response to drug addiction is contributing to the virus' spread. >> we've seen really since 2010, the epidemic in russia getting significantly rse every year, by almost 10% per year.