tv BBC World News America PBS June 11, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
>> th"bbc world news." -- news americaf >> fundingis presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, koer foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with aision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel.
we strip away everything thatst ds in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your y plans,r goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: thi is "bbc world news america." i am je o'brien. president donald trump and kim jong-un will come together to over a political showdown. correspondent: i am christian fraser in singapore could as the clock ticks down, we will have more on the much anticipated summit. jane: safe harbor. spain steps in to help after italy refuses to accept a t migrip stranded in the mediterranean. future ecting the looking at the past. what previous efforts to engage
north korea could they look at today? welcome to our viewers on public television in the u.s. and around the globe. we are still a few hours away from the unprecedented summit between the leaders of the u.s. and north kore but already, history has been made in singapore. kim jong-un, a political recluse, and only has third trip away from the hermit kingdom has , spent the evening taking seies on a leisurely tour around singapore's tourist spots. bbc's christian aser is there. taking us through what is happening as the clock is ticking. christian, interestingly, he has been on a tour of singapore. t:correspond yes, he has. we j cannot overstate, how extraordinary this was. this was a man who was
six months ago dubbed the biggest natial security threat against the united states, a man threatening to obliterate the america, and here he is waing around downtown singapore being treated like a rock star with . he has a big day tomorrow. he is only 33. if he is feeling pressure, heits not showin as ifwalking around, there is no care in the world. presumably there is some acuriosity, but also it is chance for him to portray some confidence. let's not forget this is being beamed back to pyongyang, and it vais of enormous propagande. through the day here in singapore, he is sitting down sunday night. our north american editor jon sopel has beve watching depments. john: was there ever a mor o vivid symbolf the dramatic
change in the singapore air? the reclusive leader on a nighttime walkabout in a tourist destination just ahead of his summit with donald trump. korea watches, even debating whether this is kim jong-un's u.s. president, the longtime master of retinal media attention, wasavg a heyday. once with the singaporean prime minister. no, this is not celebrating aturely, it is donald trump's birthday this week. though progress with kim jong- would be the gift of all gifts. the american president sees this potentially as his moment in history, potentially a moment of history for the world. he is determined,ponergized, and tive. and so much happier to be in singapore than québec. at the briefing, the u.s. secretary of state was upbeat. all of the preparations are
coming together nicely. philippa: -- sec. pompeo: there are only two people who can make these decisions of this magnitude, and those two people will be in the room tomorrow. we are hopeful this summit will set conditions for future productive talks. in light of how many flimsy agreements the united states has made in previous years, this president will ensure that n potential agreement will fail to adequately address the north korean threat.jo so what might denuclearization mean? america once any abandonment of nu,ear weapons to be comple north korea must submit to international nuclear monitoring, and it must be irreversible. north korea will not be allowed to maintain capacity to covertly rebuild its nuclear program. in pyongyang, the country's most famous newsreader has breaking news. on-air to confirm that the supreme leader was in
historic for these talks. 68 years ago, at the height of fears about the spread tf communism, korean war erupted. soviet-backed forces from the north attacked the south. america and others were sucked in. the status quo was restored, but not before as many as 3 million koreans died. the korean war was brutal. over a three-year period, over americans lost their lives. ,000commemorated at his memorial here in washington. 1100 britons also perished. it may be 65 years ago since the fighting ended, but for some, ii is still livinory. aster sergeant howard griffin, now 91 years old, eteran of the war. smaster sgt. griffin: it cold, and to me, it was useless. i think. i'm not know. jon: the conflict was useless? master s. griffin: yesterday -- yes. we lost the war.
is the mostre ordered, structured i socie southeast asia, but tomorrow, two of the world was the most will trtional leadersy to forge a path to a new peninsula that for seven decades has been under known conflict and the fear of conflict. jon sopel, bbc news, singapore. , i have to tellwo you, because id not be the same without a tweet from donald trump, but he has taken to twitter to say that the meetings between staff and representatives are going well and quickly, but these do not matter because we will soon know whether orot a real deal can happen. is that what we are looking at now, a real deal? correspondent: -- think this isl, i base camp one, and mike pompeo discussed that today, promise me a framework, and if it well, if donald trump gives it
the green light at the end of course they will build up, and they will bring in the experts that they need. i also have to tell you, while he has been putting out history, kim jong-un has been talking to which is a north korean news agency, talking about his und in singapore, and he has commented on hoclean the ci is and how well they have done with her e. maybe there is a lesson here for north korea. perhaps it is different this time. perhaps there is an economic imperative to north korea, cause the sanctions have been over the years, so much so that he has to travel here in a plane that had been loaned to him by perhapsre t is the potential for something to happen, but it will have to begin with a personal relationship. as of theen m they will have to wait and see whether donald kim jong-un. jane: christian come i'm
transfixed by those pictures of kim jong-u because like the rest of the world, this is the upst time we have seen him close. but is there a chance that he is upstaging donald trump? correspondent: that has always -- chnstian: that has always b the worry that he is upstaging the american side. it is of enormous propaganda value. his grandfather,acather -- he is eving something they did not. maybe they will play this on ele for many t years, how they brought the great north american power to heal. theill be the story for next three days andonths to come here to there have been come as mike pompeo said before, ofnty of agreements, plenty agreements by the north korean side. heit is whathave and where it is. jane: christian fraser in
singapore, thank you very much. of course, christian will be us the latest. former cia anaatst who is now at center firs for strategic and intenal studies. . thank you for joining me. this has been billed as a getting to know you session. reduced? mean it is >> clearly, president trump is not going to lower expectations after president trump raised it after saying he can get all of this do get north korea to denuclearize in e manneversi obviously, he is not trying to lor expectations, because very far apart on the message of denuclearization, and what is willing to give up? jane: what is the lgest out?eds t
>> he needs a commitment by kim jong-un to denuclearize, in a way that the u.s. defines it, which is unilaterally dismantling of the nuclear program, not the way north korea defines it, which is koreanarization of the peninsula, if security is guaranteed, if the u.s. hostile policy ends. what that means for north korea is the end of u.s.-south korea ngliance commitment, inclu u.s. troops out of south korea, ending extended north korean umbrellas we have over south korea and japan. we have different views of denuclearizaon of your at a nimum, president trump needs to get a commitment from kim jong-un. lithen set up a ti for very robust change in regime that needs to take truly willing to put something to give up their nuclear weapons progm. we are being mind told that kim jong-un has no intention of getting rid of his nuclear weapons.
w will you define success? >> what i would dene success is as if north korea at least gives up elements of their nuclear program and ages to a timeline. again, for a regime, for the verification regime to take place, meaning international inspectorsetre allowed toack into north korea to begin the process of verifying. whether kim has given up his nuclear weapons program of course, president trump again raised expectations by snapping the iran deal, saying it was not good enough, it was insane, the worst deal ever. now he set the bar very high. we will e if he can conclude a deal with north korea that is better than the iran deal. jane: how confident you think that kim jong-un is? we have seen extorting mary richards of him walking around singapore, taking in the sights. he seems to be a man very at home in this situation. >> it is quite remarkable seeing him taking a selfie, touring in
singapore. vehe is different from his father in that regard. his father was a little but of a use and an introvert. he is very happy to be sortou of and about. i think he is really enjoying this newfound makeover that he is having. is appearing to be. a normal leader of a normal country, now getting ready to sit down with the president of the united states. all of this limelight, the international media giving him i think he is really enjoying this. and he is coming i actually, to sit. down w his perspective, from a position of strength, not from international pressure, stations, or strikealks, but because them in his mind, he has achieved a certain level in terms of their nucle and missile capabilities that now he can set up with president trump and see what he can get in terms of negotiations. jane: thank you so much indeed for joining us. >> thank you for having me.
jane: let's look at some other news now. pope francis has accepted the resignation of three chilean bishops, including juan barros, in the wake of a child sex scandal. barros was accus s of covering ual abuse dating back to the 1980's. earlier this year, pope francis was heavily criticized for initially defending him. at least 12 people have died in afghanistan after a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a government building in the capitaof kabul. dozens more were injured. employees at the development mistry were leaving their offices when the bomb exploded. at the main gate. now saying is steppingp n to help a s migrants who departed from libyonly to be stranded at sea. the aquarius is carrying more r than 600 africugees and has been drifting in the mediterranean after italy and malta refused to let it dock. many of those on board ared women ildren. james reynolds reports.
james: the aquarius left on sicily on friday in order to save lives. italian officials even directed it toward these migrants, struggling to stay afloat off the coast of libya. >> i need your life jackets. take them off, people, if you must. let's go. james: this was not an easy rescue. >> need to double time recovery right now. james: in the end, everyone was saved. >> one by one, guys. >>ou in the raft. go, go, go. james: the aquarius then headed back towards sicily, expecting to be able to dock. but without warning, italy's new populist government closed at -- its ports. it said that nearby malta should take in threscued migrants.re but malta fused, so the rescue ship was suddenly stuck at seaof
with hundredulnerable passengers on board. >> we ve over 100 children on board, babies as well, multiple women, including seven pregnant women. the situation will become more and more difficult on board. our capacity is normally 500 people. we are now at 629. of endlesssights waves of migrantmaking it to italy and helped to make the populists in power. the country's leading anti-immigration voice claimed this confrontation as a victory. >> obviously can our aim is tont ue to save lives. the problem has been solved, thanks to the generosity of the spanish government. clearly, the european union cannot go on this way, and starting from today, we count oa a new ew beginning. james: for those on for the
aquarius, that new start may begin in spain after a journey across the sea. but in the larger crisis, this is just one fix for one vote. -- boat. jane: james reynolds reporting. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, trying to take back congress. facing off against a key primary in the u.s. midterm elections. the hunt h is on fden treasure of the cornish coast after a 300-year-old shipwreck was uncovered. jon kay reports. jon: she was said to be loaded with spices, pearls, and diamonds. this is how the president might have looked as she headed home to londoin the 16 80's. hard to imagine on a calm day then,oday, but back storms caused her to single the
cornish ast. now the storms of 2018 have shifted the stands, and for the first time exposed an anchor and seven cantors, some of them two meters long. ma millburn was one of the divers who made the discovery. rk: not realizing this was right under the waves. n:jo he told me the wreck was only a few meters from the shore, covered by centuries of sh dangerous water.h of mark: we cannot wait to get back in. neit is that cion with history, but most people do not even get the chance to see it. omtwo actually allow it to here is minimal, so the chance of anybody see unit is so small -- seeing it is so sll. i think i should play the lottery, really. jon: finding the spot where the president was lost has long been the dream of historians. part of the wreck was found 2 t years ago, bs latest discovery might explain how the
ship broke up and where the treasure might be. what about the trease? mark: it could be beneath our feet, miles off, down the beach -- they could anywhere. jon: if there are jewels in the sea, it will be specialist diverse one cover it, because the waters are just as eacherous as it was 300 years ago. jon kay, bbc news, cornwall. jane: now we still mayhs be mo away from the u.s. midterm elections, but in some districts, this is the height . primary seas voters getting the chance to a personarty from -- from their party, and on tuesday, voters in the 10th
district will have their say in a race that will tell us a lot about the pitical landscape. my colleague katty kay went to see how things are shaping up. >> i am different. i'm not a politician. >> we can std up to the nra. >> we can make it exciting for people. >> we're not done yet. katty: if democrats are going to win back congress in november, they need to start with virginia's background district, which is what local airwes have become the front line in the national five. donald trump's namet on the ballot in the midterm. he is a big part of the conversation, though. >> after 9/11, the greatest threat to our democracy lived cave. today, he lives in the white house.y: kahis part of virginia is one of the wealthiest areas in america, just an hour from washington.a it irange mixture of booming high-tech, quaint old town, and agricultural farmland. it has also been a republican stronghold for almost 40 years. although it has a republican congresswoman, virginia's 10th district actually voted for
arinton in 2016, which is why several democratspending a lot of money to run for this seat. among them are a local politician and a former obama aide. >> i will be very clear, i think donald trump is our greatest natial security threat. this is one of the most important seats in the entire country. there is absolutely no path for democrats to take back the house without coming through the sea of virginia 10. it is incredibly important to us here locally but also nationally as well. katty: then it is this man, dan helmer, who fought in afghanistan. this army veteran is actually campaigning for tighter con ntrol. der episodes ofd the race, he went undercover to prove how easy this totiuy semiautomac weapons in virginia. >> so you don't need a background check or anything like that? >> no! [laughter] katty: whichever democrat wins tuesday's primary will take on republicans' barbara comstock.
she was adrift in 2016 and clung to her seat, but she is vulnerable. she also has had a tricky relationship with trump. she distanced herself aftethe "access hollywood" comments about kissing women. in a passing replicated across the cntry, her fate is now tied to his. trump voters here now think she should pay him his due. >> i do not think there is something wrong with being close to donald trump, because i think he is doing a lot that is right. i think she has embraced donald where she has needed to. she has done a good balancing act. she did it in 2016. but again, we have next tuesday, you kn, the primary. we will see how that goes. katty: if there is a blue wave coming, it starts right here in virginia. if democrats cannot unseat barbara comstock, they are unlikely to win back congress. katty kay, bbc news, virginia. jane: let's return to our top
ingaporehe summit in between u.s. president donald trump and north korean leader kim jong-un. eeuntil thisng, there has been nearly 17 years of conflict between the two countries. armed or otherwise. s david eades has been looking at footage from the bbc film archives at this hostilete bed complid relationship. david: for a confltween the u.s. and the west against soviet forces and the chinese, never mind korean against korean, it is ironic that this was labeled the "forgotten war." initially, the north flood allied reportsir marking a dreadful month. >> the united nations command has halted the northorean advance, and is holding it for a line around the perimeter. david: that triggered the u.s.-led relentless air bombing to force the communist enemy back across the bord.hr in tee years of combat, 2
million dead, many military, many more civilians. purges were carried out. massacres inflicted on and by both sides. >> more ordinance dropped on north korea in three years than in the entire east asian theater operations in world war ii. edentire cities were flatt the americans in the eyes of the north koreans are clearly the enemy. they see the conflict and the way they represented to their own citizens as a north korean victory. victory. david: in fact, it was a war neither won nor lost, and not officially finished, only with an aovistice. the years, this trust has sioccaally given way to hope. >> supposedly here on a private visit. david: former president carter stepped into north korea to build a deal in 1994, though clinton visited 15 years later, seeking to improve relations.
the result on both occasions >>forced storms. on't forget that north koreans have a record ofme breaking agrees, concealment, to put it bluntly, of cheating. i would argue they have a desire to make north korea great again . international leaders like donald trump will be wise to take that opportunity and develop it. david: sce the korean war, so much has changed, and yet the problem there has just festered. time and again, efforts to resolve it have come to nothing. one thing the archive does show us,ug t true of absence, any picture of a serving u.s. president making a visit to the democratic people's republic of korea. as the summit approaches, we are entering uncharted,un edictable territory. david eades, bbc news.it janeill be interesting toat see mages will be added to e bbc archive after the
historic summit in singapore. president trump has tweeted, saying things are going well between staff and representatives. we will havewho wait to see her a real deal will happen. certainly we will be there. i am jane o'brien. thank you for watching "bbc worlnews america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around ur lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freen foundation,vl foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, d then we begin to chisel.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. m judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, an historic moment: president trump meets with north korea's leader kim jong un. we're on the ground in singapore as landmlks between the u.s. and north korea take place. then, a deepening divide-- the fallout after an unsettled g-7 summit leaves president trump at llodds with key american aies. and we begin our series "the end of aids: f from over" by oking at the epidemic in russia. how the country's respse to drug addiction icontributing to the virus' spread. we've seen really since 2010, the epidemic in russia getting significantle every year,