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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 12, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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wo>> this is "bbd news america." >> funding of this mresentation e possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> howo we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have ch toned our modern appr banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial., >> and n"bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien.in history is madingapore as president trump meets kim jong-un. but the big question remains, will north korea give up its nuclear weapon pres. trump: people are going to be very impressed, people are going to be very happy. re going to take care of a very big and very dangerous problem for the world. christian: i'm christian fraser live in singapore. eummit may be over, but the fallout has just begun. we will bring you the latest. jane: as president trumparms to kim jong-un, his relationsh with allies are taking a ating.di
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a toplomat gives us his view on all the twists and turns. jane: w public television in america and around the globe. the dust is settling in singapore following thoric summit between donald trump and kim jong-un. both say it was a success, and they are committed to denuclearization. but e statement they signed gives little idea of how or when that will be achieved. now comes the hard work of putting hope into action. christian fraser is in singapore for us. christian, what is the lest? two days of the most unconventional diplomacy, and the drama we have witnessed in singapore will be with us cr some time e. tonight we have had reaction from the north korean side.
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the state-run news agency in north korea is carrying comments from kim jong-un. it s genuine measures to build trust with north korea, the north will continue to ta its measures of goodwill for its side. he says there is an urgent need for north korea and the united states to make bold decisions to halt therush holt -- irritating military actions. it tds to reinforce what secretary of state mike pompeo was saying earlier, that this is onlyrk a framen which they can build something meaningful. our north america editor jon sopel has this report. jon: it was carefullyeo chaphed, dramatically staged, and yet still somehow utterly unbelievable. w both mking stiffly with nervous smiles. ie handshake lasted 12 seconds. the president sayiwas an
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honor to meet kim jong-un. has north korea ever been given a platform like this? nine months ago, donald trump was calling him little rocket man, and little rocket man wasnt calling him a ly deranged dotard. now they are walking together and sharing a laug pres. trump: i feel really great. we're going to have a brief discussion. i think tremendous success, tremendously sl cessful. we wve a terrific relationship, i have no doubt.m jon: from jong-un, a rather different rhetorical style. "it hadn't been easy to get here," he said. "the past acted as fetters on our limbs. old prejudices worked as obstacles, bute overcame all of them." the pair met with just their translators initially, and more then joinednd we by officials. the talks lasted all morning. detractors said it would be nothing more than a glorified
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photo op. it is much more than that, but there were enough pictures to fill an album. there was the balcpry scene. . trump: very good. jon: w tk in the gardens. pres. trump: very great. jon: and the boys and their toys moment, where chairman kimwa nted to see inside the beast, the president's famous limo. then came the signing of a document apparently committing north korea to completeea denuzation, even if it was rather longer on intent than concrete steps to get there. pres. trump: would you like to say something to the press? >> we have a anstoric meeting decided to leave the past behind. jon: the document contains 4 key points -- agreeing tblish new relations, joining together to build a lasting and stable peace working towards th complete denuclearization of the korean peninsula, and recovering the remainof prisoners of war. >> seven billion people inhabit planet earth -- jon: before donald trump's news conference, journalists were
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videoa propaganda-sty produced by the americans extolling the great conacher the nuclear rise -- denuclearized future ahead. m >> t, two leaders, one destiny. jon: missing from it were key les. demands -- that the process must be irreversnd verifiable. that looked like a negotiating victory to the north koreans. that was a repeated question for donald trump. the north koreans reneged on promises before. so why would this time be different? , you have a well different administration, you have a different president, you have a different secretary of state.th you have peopl are -- you know, it is very important to them. and we get it done. the other grps, maybe it wasn't a priority. i don't think they could have done it if it was a priority. jon: another victory for the north koreans seem to be this declaration from the u. president, a pledget tok
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south korea by surprise. pres. trump: we will be stopping the war games, which will save us a tremendous amount of moy, less and until we see the future negotiation is not going along like it should. we will be saving a tremendous amount of money.it plus, i thins very provocative. jon: the president lavished ioaise on kim jong-un, but that brought this que reporter: the man you met today, kim jong-un, has killely members, has starved his own people. why are you so comfortable calling him very talented? pres. trump: well, he is very talented. anybody that takes over a situation ke he did at 26 years of age and is able to run it and run it tough -- i don't say he was nice, or i don't say anything about it. very few people at that age -- you can take one out of 10,000 probably couldn't do it. jon: and then donald trump the former property developer set out economic opportunities forrt korea at peace with its
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neighbors. pres. trump: they have great beaches. you see that whenever they are exploding the cannons into the oceans, right? boy, look at tha -- wouldn't that make a great condo? i explained, instead of doing bthat, you could have thet hotels in the world right now. jon: from this remarkable meeting ground where the flags fly de-by-side, donald trump now sees a future with the u.s. and north korea working together. the word "historic" is often overused. today it was justified. extraordinary strides had been taken to get to this point. but it is what happens next that is really crucial. how do you ensure that north korea keeps its word on denuclearization? to that question, donald trump said, "well, you are going to have to ust me." donald trump is on his way backo ashington, exhausted, but you also sense exhilarated by what happened. jon sopel, bbc news, singapore.
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christian: it certainly is an extraordinary turn of event with the donald trump saying he formed a special bond with the north korean leader. what impact could that have? this report from our seoul correspoent laura bicker contains flashing images from the start. laura: it was a stunning moment for south koreans in singapore. they told me their hearts were racing as they watched. full of hope, but also relief at these two leaders areta ing instead of declaring war. one woman couldn't wait to phonw her mom,ho was born in pyongyang. "after seeing this, i suddenlywa thought how ed to go back to north korea before i die," she said. "mum, i want your dream to come true.
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i want you to step back on north korean land." in seoul, president moon jae-in admitted he had a sleepless night, but looked jubilant at the meeting, which was partially the result of his careful diplomacy.t budonald trump had a surprise for him. he pledged to end what hear described mes, joint military exercises between south korea and the u.s. which have angered the north. this will worry japawill mr. trump's suggestion to remove troops from the peninsula in the future. >> iis a mistake to cancel a joint u.s.-south korea military exercises. the united states needs to maintain sufficient levels of
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readiness and praredness on the peninsula because the north korea nuclear threat istill there. laura: kim jong-un has signed two agreements to denuclearize. the first was in april. but both lacked detail. he has destroyed his main nuclear test site, and has promised to dismantle another. but he could be hiding up to 16 -- 60 nuclear weapons, and it is not clear he is letting spectors in to find them that is why many will find today's announcement disappointing. kim ng-un is leaving the island having gained the status he has longed for. he says the world will change. the problem is we e not sure what the change will mean. kim jong-un has promis avoid the mistake of the past.
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failed policies in the 1990's led to a famine which killed thousands. his father and grandfather built weapons while people went hungry.mi thile launches have stopped for now, and china appears eager to help, already pushing for sanctions to be lifted. today, north korea too first tentative steps out of the shadows. just how far it is prepared to go is still uncertain. laura bicker, bbc news, singapore. jane: of course, south korea isn't the only country affected by this. christian, what are other countries in the regiong mak of the summit? christian: i was interested in what china is saying, and it was interesting in the press conference today that tnald trump sat the sanctions in place china has been imposedat
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have been some relaxed in the last couple weeks. there ok, he said, but are a lot of people who want those sections in place until north kea commits fully. don't forget that china is goingy involved in what i on her there were suggestions in beijing today that they knew that the wargames were going to be stopped before the meeting even took, which would suggest that there have been perhaps leaks from the meeting at the lower levels that took place here on monday. the noh korean side perhaps talking to officials back in beijing. it tells you just how deeply involved they are -- kimun jon came here on a chinese 747 and went home on one today. don't forget that mike pompeo, toer he has been to seoul speak to the south koreans and japanese, will be straight after to talk to the chines officials to find out what they make of it and how they can mfue it a meaniagreement. jane: a lot more twists and turns in this. christia fraser in singapore, thanks for joining me.
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former now is jean lee, ap bureau chief and currently the rector of the korea center at the boston center in washington. thank you for joining me. we know that the statement is short on detail, putting it ldly, but how much do you think this summit achieved? jean: this statement is very vague and covers a lot of ground , but with not a lot of detail frankly, this is what i was hoping for, because what it does is lay out what the long-term nogoals are. w they will have to leave it to their staff, the experts, to sort out how exactly they are going to get there. there's a lot of pressure on the trump administration to take the next step and map out the timeline with very clear goal posts and verylear ways to make sure that the north areans are heountable and that they agreed to verification and make sure that these steps are
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irreversible. . think that this is historic it is certainly the first time we have seen anything like this between north korea and the united states. w we knokim jong-un so much better now. i have seen hims many time myself in pyongyang, but i've never seen him operate live and this, take aike selfie outside his own country. we know mo about him that has humanized him to a certain degree and made him more accessible. i think those are all positive thing' however, i'concerned that we all legitimizing a leagir who has non anything up at this point. he has not agreed or promised to change any of the policies. this is a regime that has carried out fairly egreous alleged crimes. a man who executed his own uncl and perhap sanctioned the killing of his own brother. jane:ow does the u.s. at this point hold him accountable, having aeady given so many
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concessions? jean: that will be the chalonnge. kimun will be emboldened by this experience, by this summit. he is already going -- looking at this from a position of strength, because that achievement of masteringig veryficant technology when it comes to his nuclear weapons and his intercontinental ballistic missile. he has further emboldened. he feels he has now legitimacy of being on the same level as the president of the united states.t that will makere a r allies for foes in tion and elsewhere to really pressed him for compliance. jean, how do you think kim is going to use this propaganda coup at home? jean: it is an absolutely historic moment for him, and this is important to keep in mind -- this is something that his father and grandfather longedor.
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they wanted the legitimacy of a meeting with a sitting u.s. president. his father and grandfather had ettle for meetings with former u.s. presidents. there are reasons why u.s. presiden in the past have refrained from this type of meeting. s something he will be able to parade before hisy, peoe and ook, i have shown you that i can defend you and i can show you i am an international who is taken seriously by the world's leaders not only xi jinping of china, moon jae-in of south korea, and now we have donald trump, leader of the most powerful crlntry in the i think he is going to come out of this come even if he hasn't gained any concrete concessions in terms of economic help or relief in sanctions, this is going to be plastered all over their stateed. it is going to be on paintings. s.ere are going to be commemorative bo it is going to be a moment we will seed captured splayed
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all over pyongyang. jane: and he was clearly enjoying himself on e.e world stag jean lee, thanks for joining us. a quick look at the day's other news. the french photographer at the heart of a scandal that saw the nobel prize for literature chargnehas been with rape. 18 women have accused him of sexual harassment and assault. he denies all the alprgations. the e ministers of greece and macedonia have agreed on a new name for the former yugoslav state. it will be known ashe republic of north macedonia. the country's have been in dispute since macedonia became ndindet more than 25 years ago. surprise in the washington metro -- a deer managed to get into the crystal city station from a tunnel nearby. one passenger was too busy to notice, but thankfully the train driversth weren't.
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spotted the deer, wholyas able to sa exit the system to the same channel it came in. dear deer. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tight's program, not everyone was focused on the summit. tens of thousands of hockey fans celebrated the caps' success. six a meared in court in the u.k. today accused of being members of t far right extremist group national action. one of them pleaded guilty to plotti to murder and a p. daniel sandford reports. , a man 23 years old accused of being and neo-nazi who today dramatically admitted planning to kill a bour mp and threatening to kill a police officer. the prosecution said he already bought the machete, the kind redescribed device manufac as 19 inches of unprecedented
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picing and slashing power. ge man accused of being the secret leader of tup encouraged him to carry out the murder. >> we let these people destroy us, and they are still destroying us now -- other: along with four men, they are charged with the numbers of national action, a group termed by the home racistry as a virulently organization after its elevated the killing of the mp jo cox. the prosecution told the jury that the plan to kill another mp was discussed at a pub in warrington last summer. the group met at this table upstairs on the first of july. the prosecution says that jack renshaw told the group that his plan was to murder his local mp, ake hostages, and then kill female detective who had been investigating him.
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the plan to kill the and was uncovered because the antiracism gazation had a mole in the group, who was also at the pub that night. according to him, jack renshawnt to carry out the murder in the name of national action, and thatr night, christop lisko gave his approval. he denies that, and all six menm denied beibers of national action after it was banned. daniel sandford, bbc news. jane: in a certainly been a bit of a foreign policy whirlwind over the last few days. first president trump went to the g7 in canada, where he launched a volley of verbal attacks. then it was on to singapore, where a leader once considered a anlitical pariah got his undivided attentio admiration. to discuss this topsy-turvy world, i was joined a brief time ago by former u.s. ambassador to nato nicholas burns.
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ambassador, thanks very much for joining me. qwe have sete a contrast over the last few days. we had the g7 summit, where mr. trump seemed to alienate friends and enemies, and then days later cozy up to the dictator in singapore. what do you make of this?it nicholass worrisome. i think from an american perspective, whether you are a republican or democr is our alliances that have been the power differential between the united states and russia, united states and china. nato, our east asian allies. you saw the most erratic performance by our president where he insultethe canadian prime minister, took on the entire g7, refused to sign the agreement. we have never en an american president do that. today we saw an announcement by president trump from singapore willthe united stat suspend military exercises -- the president called them wargames, he said they were ovocative -- with south korea, but the south koreans were not informed.ey eed more details. i think the president needs to
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understand that we are much more powerful in the world with allies. in the case of singapore, he really does need to have moon jae-in of south korea, shinzoin abe, the primeter of japan, closely with him for this difficult negotiation ahead. jane: if he upsets them, does it really matter? nicholas: depends on how long he is in power. whether it is two more years, 2.5 years, 6.5 years, we will see. europe is our largest trade partner. the largest investor into our economy. britain is our closest ally in the world. nato is our strongest alliance. the east asian allies -- japan, south korea, australia, philippines, thailand -- these are countries with enormous weight. we are so much more influential with a country like north korea we can be aligning our sanctions and our leverage against north korea with the japanese and the south koreans, en the chinese, who we should be bringing in more to these talks than we have. i what wusory about singapore -- andisten, i favor
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president trump going to meet kim jong-un. it was a smart move. i'm glad the president has turned towards diplomacy. he deserves credit forg the meeting. but if this is the first step of 10,000 steps forward, and this y take years, it cannot be just the united states with south kore we need other countries by our side. that is a real thing. that is why when you don't pay attention to allies, there is a cost. jane: what about the reaction of the u.s.'s enemies? isn't unpredictability a good thing in that case? under president obama, syria,ru ia pretty much knew how he would react. 'with trump they dot. nicholas: sometimes unpredictability can be advantageous. i think president trump was smt about how we talked tough against north korea -- i didn't always like the language specifically. in 2017, the way he was able to marshal sections to convince cha to do more on sanction , that had an impact kim
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jong-un. sometimes unpredictability can work, with your adversaries. you want to be consistent and clear and supportive with your alice like canada and the -- allies like canada and the united kingdom. we are friends and allies and we it in a simple way and respectful way. we don't call someone dishonest and weak. we have never had an americanid prt in the history of the united states say that about either canada or the united kingm. it just happened. mbassador nicholas burns thank you for joining me. before we gwhile much of , washington was up early watching the events in singapore, that wasn't the only attraction here today. the professional ice hockey team won the stanlecup, and it was a chance to celebrate with their fans. tens othousands packed the streets to catch a glimpse of the players who broke the street for a city that went more than
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25 years without a title in any sport. it looks like they were all making up for lost time. i'm jane o'brien. wthanks foratching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, ouric vertal videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-t headlines you can trust. f download nowrom selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. hatstrip away everything stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial.d >> "bbc wows" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a historic meeting with elaborate stagecraftbut with few details. we breakdown the statement out of president trump's smit with north korea's kim jong-un. and we get reaction fr key senators on the foreign relations committee and foer state department officials. plus, the h.i.v. epidemic is reaching dangerous levels in russia. why some say the government will be forced to act if it doesn't do more so. >> something very bad should happen, after that, everybody will stand up and just go and do somhing. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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