tv BBC World News America PBS June 12, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, gkovler foundation, pursu solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. to strip away everything that stands in the way reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we haven de our modern approach to banking around you --
your plans, your goals, your neams. your tomorrow isow. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." ing from washington, i am jane o'brien. history is made in singapore as president trump meets kim jong-u but the big question remains, will north koreaive up its nuclear weapons? pres. trump: people are going to be very impressed, people are going to be veryappy. and we are going to take care of a very big and very dangerous problem for the world. christian' i'christian fraser live in singapore. the summit may be over, but the fallout has just begun. we will bring you the latest.ne as president trump warmson to kimun, his relationship with allies are taking a beating. a top diplomat gives us his view
on a the twists and turns. jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the dust is settling in singapore following the historic summit between donald ump and kim jong-un. both say it was a success, and they are commiried to denucltion. but the statement they signed gives little idea how or when that will be achieved. now comes the hard work putting hope into action. christian fraser is in singapore for us.ri ian, what is the latest? two days of the most unconventional dipdrmacy, and tha we have witnessed in singapore will be with us for some time to come. tonit we have had reaction from the north korean side. the state-n news agency in
rth korea is carrying comments from kim jong-un. it says if the u.s. takes genuine measures to build trust with north continue to take its measures of goodwill for its side. heays there is an urgent need for north korea and the united states to make bold decisions to halt thes holt -- irritating military actions. it tends to reinforce what secretary of state mike pompeo was saying earlier, that this is only a framework on which they can build something meaningful. our north america editor jon sopel has this report. jon:t was carefully choreographed, dramatically staged, and yet still somehow utterly unbelievable. both men walking stiffly with nervous smiles. the handshake lasted 12 seconds. the president saying it was an honor to meet kim jong-un. has north korea ever been given
a platform like this? nine months ago,onald trump was calling him little rocket man, and little rocket man was calling him a mentally deranged dotard. now they are walking together and sharing a laugh.es trump: i feel really great. we're going to have a brief discussion. i think tremendous success, tremendously successful. we will have a terrific relationship, have no doubt. jon: from kim jong-un, a rather different rhetorical style. to"it hadn't been easet here," he said. "the past acted as fetters on our limbs. d prejudices worked as obstacles, but we overcame all of them." the pairet with just their translators initially, and more then joinednd were by officials. the talks lasted all morning. detractors said it would be nothing more than a glopified photo
it ismo muc than that, but there were enough pictures to fill an albu there was the balcony scene. pres. trump: very good. jon: the walk in the gardens. pres. trump: very great. jon: and the boys and their toy moment, wherchairman kim wanted to see inside the beast' the presidens famous limo. then came the signing of a document apparently committing north korea to complete denuclearization, even if it was thrather longer on intent concrete steps to get there. pres. trump: would you like to say something to the press? >> we have a historic meeting and decided to leave the past behind jon: t document contains 4 key points -- agreeing to establish new relations, joining together to build a lting and stable peace working towards the complete denuclearization of the korean peninsulaand recovering the remains of prisoners of war. >> seven billion people inhabit planet earth -- s newsefore donald trump' conference, journalists wereow
a propaganda-style video produced by the americans extolling the the nuclearise -- denuclearized future ahead. >> two men, two leaders, one destiny. jon: missing from it were key u.s. demands -- that the process must be irreversible and verikeable. that llike a negotiating victory to the north koreans. that was a repeated question for donald trump. the north koreans reneged on promes before. so why would this time be different? , you have a well ufferent administration, have a different president, you have a different secretary of state. you have people that are -- you tant tot is very imp them. and we get it done. the other groups, maybe it wasn't a priority. i don't think they could have done it if it was a priority jon: another victory for the north koreans deem to be this aration from the u.s.es ent, a pledge that took south korea by surprise.
pres. trump: we will be stopping the war games, whichreill save us andous amount of money, unless and until we see the future negotiation is not going along like it should. we will be saving a tremendous amount of money. plus, i think it is very provocative. jon: the president lavished praise on kim jong-un, but that brought this question. reporter: the man you met today, kim jong-un, has killed family members, h starved his own ople. why are you so comfortable calling him ve talented? pres. trump: well, he is very talented. anybody that takes or a situation like he did at 26 years of age and is ableo run it and run it tough -- i don't say he was nice, or i don't say anything about it. very few people at that age --u n take one out of 10,000 probably couldn't do it.n jon: and tnald trump the former property developer set out economic opportunities for north korea at peace with its neighbors. pres. trump: they have great
beaches. you see that whenever they are exploding the cannons into the oceans, right? y, look at that -- wouldn't that make a great condo? i explained, instead of doing that, you could have the best hotels in the world right now. jon: from this remarkable meeting ground where the flags fly side-by-side, donald trump now sees a futurwith the u.s. and north korea working together. the word "historic" is oft overused. today it was justified. extraordinary strides had been taken to get to this point. but it is what happens next that is really crucial. how do you ensure that north korea keeps its wordn denuclearization? to that question, donald trump ngsaid, "well, you are goio have to trust me." donald trump is on his way back to washington, exhausted, but you also sense exhilarated by what happened. jon sopel, bbc news, singapore.
christian: it certainly is an extraordinary turn of events with the donald trump saying he formed a special bond with the what impact could that have? this report from our seoul correspondent laura bicker contains flashing images from the start. omlaura: it was a stunningt for south koreans in singapore. they told me their hearts were racing as they watched. full of hope, but also relief that these two leaders are talking instead of declaring war. one woman couldn't wait to one her mom, who was born in pyongyang. "after seeing this, i suddenly thought how i wanted to go back to north korea before i die," she sa. "mum, i wa your dream to come true.
i want you to step back on north korean land." in seoul, president moon jae-in admitted he had a sleepless night, but looked jubilant at the meeting, which was partiallo the resuhis careful diplomacy. but donald trump had a surprise for him. he pledged to end what he described as wargames, joint military exercises between south korea and the s. which have anred the north. this will worry japan, as will mr. tru's suggestion to remo troops from the peninsula in the future. >> it is a mistake to cancel all joint u.s.-south korea military exercises. the united states needs maintain sufficient levelsf readiness and preparedness on
the peninsula because the north korea nuclear threat is still there.im laura: kong-un has signed two agreements to denuclearize. the first was in april.ac ist bothd detail. he has destroyedain nuclear test site, and has promised to dismantle another. but he could be hiding up to 16 -- 60 nuclear weapons, a it is not clear he is letting inspectors in to find them. that is why many will find today's announinment disappoi kim jong-un is leaving the island having gained the status he has longed for. he says the world will change. the problem is we are not sure what the change will mean. kim jong-un has promised to avoid the mistake of the past. failed policies in the 1990's
led to a famine which killed thousands. his father and grandfather built weapons while people went hungry. the missile launches have stopped for now, and china s eager to help, already pushing for sanctions to be lifted. today, north korea took its first tentative steps out of t shadows. just how far it is prepared to go is still uncertain. laura bicker, bbc news, singapore. jane:ur of , south korea isn't the only country affected by this. christian, what are other countries the region making of the summit? christian: i was interested in what china is saying, and it was interesting in the press conference today that donald trump said that the sanctions in place china has been imposed have been somewhat relaxed in
the last couple weeks. there ok, he said, but are a lot of people who want those sectns in place until north korea commits fully. don't forget that china is deeply involved in what is going on here. there were suggestions in reijing today that they knew that the wargames oing to be stopped before the meeting even took, which would suggest that there have been perhaps leaks from the mweting at the levels that took place here on monday. the north korean side perhaps k ining to officials b beijing. it tells you just how deeply involved they are -- kim jong-un came here on a chinese 747 and nt home on one today. don't forget that mike pompeo, ofter he has been to seoul speak to the south koreans and japanese, will be straight after beijing to talk to the chinese heficials to find out what they make of it and howcan make it a meaningful agreement. jane: a lot more twists a turns in thi christian fraser in singapore, thanks for joining me. former now is jean lee,
ap bureau chief and isurrently the rector of the korea center at the boston center in washington. thank you for joining me. we know that the statement is short on detail, putting it mildly, but how much do you think this summit achieved? jean: this statement very vague and covers a lot of ground , but with not a lot of detail. frankly, this is what i was hoping for, because what it does is lay out what the long-term goals are. now they will have to leave it to their staff, the experts, to sort out how exactly they are going to get there. there's a lot of pressure the trump administration to take the next step and map out timeline with very clear goal posts and very clear ways to make sure that the north koreans are held accountable and that they agreed to verification and make sure that these steps are
irreversle. . think that this is historic it is certainly the first time we have seen anything like this between north korea and the united states. we know kim jong-un so much better now. i have seen him many times myself in pyongyang, but i'vepe never seen himrate live and move around like this, take a side his own country. we know more about him that has humanized him to a certain degr and made him more accessible. i think those are all positive things. however, i'm concerned that we all legitimizing a leader who has not given anything up at this point. he has not agreed or promised to change any of the policies. this is a regime that has carried out fairly egregious alleged crimes. a man who ecuted his own uncle and perhaps sanctioned the killing of his own brother. jane: how does the u.s. at this point hold him, accountab having already given so many concessions? jean:e that wille
challenge. kim jong-un will be emboldened by this experience, by this summit. he is already goingat -- looking his from a position of strength, because he did have that achievement of mastering very significant technology when it comes to his nuclear weapons and his intllcontinental tic missile. he has further emboldened. he feels he has now legitimacy of being on the same level as the president of the united states. that will make it more and allies for foes in the region and elsewhere to really press him for compliance. jean, how do you thi kim is going to use this propaganda coup at he? jean: it an absolutely historic moment for him, and this is important to keep mind -- this is something that his father and grandfather longed forth. wanted the legitimacy of a
meeting with a sitting u.s. president. hishe father and grandfhad to settle for meetings with former u.s. presidents. s.there are reasons why presidents in the past home refrained his type of meeting. this is something he will be able to parade before his people and say, look, i have shown you that i can defend you and i can show you i am an international who is takehe seriously by world's leaders not only xi jinping of china, moon jae-in of south korea, and now we have donald trump, leader ofhe most powerful country in the world. i think he is going to come out of ts come even if he hasn't gained any concrete concessions in terms of economic help or relief inth sanctions is going to be plastered all over their state media. it is going to be on paintings. there are going to be commemorative books. it is going to be a moment we will see captured and displayed
all over pyongyang. jane: a he was clearly joying himself on the world stage. jean lee, thanks r joining us. a quick look at the day's other news. the french photographer at the heart of a scandal that saw the nobel prize for literatu chargedd has been with rape. 18 women have accused him of sexual harassment and assault. he denies all the allegations. the primeinisters of greece and macedonia he agreed on a new name for the former yugoslav state. it will be known as the republic of north macedonia. the country's have been in dispute since macedonia became independent more than 25 years ago. surprise in the washington metro -- a deer managed to get into the crystal city station from a tuel nearby. one passger was too busy to notice, but thankfully the train drivers weren't. they spotted the deer, who was
able to safely exit the system to the same channel it came in. dear deer. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's ogm, not everyone was focused on the summit. tens of thousands of hockey fans celebrated the caps' six men appeared in court in the u.k. today accused of being members of the faris right extrgroup national action. one of them pleaded guilty to plotting to murder and a p. daniel sdford reports. , a man 23 years old accused of being and neo-nazi who today dramatically admitted planning to kill a labour mp and threatening to kill a police officer. the prosecution said he alrey bought the machete, the kind described device manufacturers 1inches of unprecedented
piercing and slashing power. sethe man acof being the secret leader of the group encouraged him to carry out the murder. >> we let these people destroy us, and they are utill destroyinow -- y ther: along with four men, thee charged with the numbers of national action, a group termed by the home racister as a virulently organization ats elevated the killing of the mp jo cox. the prosecution told the jury that the plan to kill another mp was discussed at a pub in warrington last summer. the group met at this table stairs on the first of july. the prosecution says that jack renshaw told the group that his plan was to murder his local mp, ake hostages, and then kill female detective who had been investigating him. the plan to kill the and was
antiracismecause the organization had a mole in the group, who was also at the pub that night. according to him, jack renshaw wanted to carry out the murder in the name of national action, and that night, christopher lisko gave his approval. he dens that, and all six men denied being members of national action after it s banned. daniel sandford, bbc news. jane: in a certainly been ait of a foreign policy whirlwind over the last few days. first president trump went to the g7 in canada, where he of verbala volle attacks. then it was on to singapore, where a leader once considerca a polipariah got his undivided attention and admiration. to discuss this topsy-turvy world, i was joined a brief ti ago by former u.s. ambassador to nato nicholas burns.
y ambassador, thanks vch for joining me. we have seen quite a contrast over the last few days. we had the g7 summit, where mr. trump seemed to alienate fri ads and enemie then days later cozy up to the dictator in singapore. what do you make of this? nicholas: it is worrisome. i perspective, whether you are a republican or democrat, it is our alliances that have been the power differential between the united s states and china.nited nato, our east asian allie you saw the most erratic performance by our president where he insulted the canadian prime minister, took on the entire g7, refused to sign the agreement. we have never seen an american president do that. today we saw an announcement by president trump from singapore that the united states will suspend military exercises -- the president called them wargames, he said they were provocative -- with south korea but the soutkoreans were not informed. they need more details. i think the president needs to understand that we are much more powerful in the world with
allies. in the case of singahe really does need to have moon oe-in of south korea, shi abe, the prime minister of japan, closely with him for this difficult negotiatn ahead. jane: if he upsets them, does it really matter? nicholas: depends on how long he in power. whether it is two more years, 2.5 years, 6.5 years, we will see. europe is our largest trade partner. the largest investor into our economy. britain is our closest ally in the world. nato is our strongest alliance. the east asian allies --reapan, south australia, philippines, thailand -- these are countries with enormous weight. we are so much more influential with a country like north korea if we can be aligning our sanctions and our leverage against north korea with the japanese and the south koreans, and even the chinese, who wegi should be br in more to these talks than we have. what was illusory about singapore -- and listen, i favor
ent trump going to meet kim jong-un. it was a smart move. i'm glad the president has turned towards diplomacy. he deserves credit for having the meeting. but if this is the first step of 10,000 sps forward, and this may takeears, it cannot be just the united states with south korea. we need other countrieby our side. that is a real thing. that is why when you don't pay attention to allies, there is a cost. jane: what about the reaction of the u.s.'s enemies? isn't unpredictability a good thing in that case? under president obama, syria, russia pretty much knew how he would rct. with trump they don't. nicholas: sometimes unpredictability can be advantageous. i think present trump was smart about how we talked tough against north korea -- i didn't always like the language specifically. in 2017, the way he was able to marshal sections to convce china to do more on sanctions ,hat had an impact on kim
jong-un. sometimes unpredictability can work, with your adversaries. u want to be consistent and clear and supportive with your alice like canada and the -- allies like canada and the united kingdom. we are friends and aand we do it in a simple way and respectful way. we don't call someone dishonest and weak.ha we have nevean american president in the history of the united states say that about either canada or thed kingdom. it just haened. jane: ambassador nicholas burns, thank you for joining me. before we go while much of , washington was up early watching the events in singapore, that wasn'act the ony aton here today. the professional ice hockey team won the stanley cup, and it was a chance to cebrate with their fans. tens of thousands packed the streets to catch a glimpse of the players who broke the street for a city that went more than 25 years without a title in an
sport. it looks like they werema all ng up for lost time. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our lrtical videos are designed to work around yourestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. s trip away everything that stands in the way to reveal newb possities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evwoing. i'm judruff. on the newshour tonit: a historic meeting with elaborate stagecraft, but with few details. ut breakdown the statement of president trump's summit with north koa's kim jong-un. and we get reaction fr two key senators on the foreign relations committee anformer state department officials. plus, the h.i.v. epidemic is reaching dangerous levels in russia. why some say the government will be forced to act if it doesn't do more on. >> something very bad should happen, after that, everybody will stand up and just go and do soething. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.