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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 15, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible byda the freeman foon, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how dwe shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and en we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financi, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a trade row between china and the u.s. escalates, as president trumimposes tariffs on $50 billion worth of chinese goods. pres. trump: they can't believe they got away with it for so long, steve. ok? they got away with it for 25 years. laura: accused of tampering with witnesses ahead of his trial, president trump's former campaign chair paul manafort has been jailed. plus, remembering professor stephen hawking. his voice is beamed live into a black hole as his ashes are interred at westminster abbey.
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viewers ono to our public television in the u.s. and also around the globe. it was a busy, newsy friday for president trump. he gave gave live and off-the-cuff interviews on the white house lawn as the u.s. announced tariffs of 25% on billions of dollars of chinese goods. within minutes, cha responded in kind. president trump has warned that ch with. will counterp more tariffs. gary o'donoghue has the details. gary: the two biggest economies moved a step closer to a full-blown trade war. .sthis latest round of tariffs covers hundreds of product lines, contending with the administration calls industrially signifi technologies.
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washington's view, china is stealing itsopntellectual ty and unfairly subsidizing its own industries. the levees range across a number of sectors including aerospace, information and communications, robotics, and cars. the tariffs will be imposed from the sixth of july. pres. trump: we are just going to do $50 billion on $50 billion of high-technology equipment and other things coming into the country, because so much of our secrets -- we have the great brainpower in silicon valley and china and others steal those secrets.we a're going to protect those secrets. those are crown jewels for this country. gary: america has a trade deficit with china of $375 billion. r ijing is the latest part feel the brunt of donald trump's robust "america first" strategy. last week he angered g7 allies in europe and canada by refusing move on steel and alumi tariffs, drawing a strong rebuke frd the normally mild-manne canadian prime minister. prime minister trudeau:
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canadians are polite and reasonable but we will not be pushed around. gary: like america's g7 allies, china is planning to retaliate by imposing its own doar for dollar duties on american imports, likely to target manufacturing and agricuural goods, a plan decided to hit the president where it hurts the states that voted him into the white house. gary o'donoghue, bbc news, washington laura: ery time ago i spoke with a senior fellow at the brookings institution and former head of the china division. how concerned are you that we have the makings of a full-blown trade war between the u.s. and china now? >> in my books this is already a trade war, now that the u.s. has imposed tariffs on china and threatens to heighten the sanctions if china retaliates, which china says it is going to
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do. it could affect not only trade but investment flows between the two countries. laura: china says that it, too, are going imposed tariffs if they are targeted against the trumpia parvin, the indus midwest, could that sent an effective politicaltressage to thp administration? eswar: china is using what it d nsiders a proportionate but surgically targeriffs that are designed to inflict economic and political damage on the u.s. the question is even if these tariffs reach their intended ingets, where dust it will the u.s. to push back the tariffs or just create more t suppr mr. trump. paradoxically, the likelihood is the first. laura: would you think has the most to lose here, cornese consumermerican ones? eswar: ultimately it will hurt
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both economies. the trade and investmentlows have been helpful to both countries. trade between the two countries is not going to be enough. it could cause major economic damage, but there specic industries and export-oriented parts of both economins that are gog to be hurt by this trade war. laura: is there a way for china and the u.s. to de-escalate this, which isn't as though wa ppening without anybody losing fac eswar: at this point it will be difficult for them to reach a negotiated settlement. china views the u.s. is having negotiated in bad faith. zte fir with theth they put a lot of sanctions on, and in return what china promised to do in buying more goods and services from all that seems to be off the table. it will be a littl difficult from this point on to prevent escalating hostilities and for two sides to pull back a come back to a negotiated settlement. cohn, former
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economic adviser to the president, warned that the fect of tariffs could wipe out the beneficial effect of the tax cut on the u.s. econ wy. do you agrh that? more broadly -- remember, this is one front in the glob trump seems to be shaping. this will hurt a lot of american businesses and drive upes r for a -- prices for american consumerspt and disupply chains around the world. iin the short rwill have a negative effect. the american economy is large enough and n get exposed to trade that it will not be a devastatingonmpact on the y, but at the margin it will not help and it will hurt. laura: eswar prasad, thank you for joining us. eswar: my pleasure. former besident trump's campaign manager heen jailed ahead of his trial on money laundering and illegalobbying. a judge revoked paul manafort's bail after he was accused of
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trying to tamper with witnesses. weighed in, tweeting, "wow, what a tough sentence for paul manafort," adding that it wasery unfair. for more on this, i spoke earlier wire north america rter anthony zurcher. what does this mean for the president, having his former campaign manager jailed while awaiting trial? anthony: these are not charges that were brought against him, manafort, related to the trump campaign.t, they predate012, involving t raine. but it still does ok good when someone ran your campaign for a number of months during the election not only was indicted on unrelated ta evasion charges but also ends up being indicted on obstruction of justice and witness tampering charge it might make it more pressure on manafort to cooperate with robert mueer. laura: intriguingly, the president's wyer rudy giuliani dangled the prospect of presidential pardons when all of
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this is over. could that be aimed at manafort and others? anthony: the word he used was "clean up all of this." that wasn't very subtl donald trump tweeted today aut paul manafort, and i was a little more subtle -- that was a little more subtle. he talked about how it was verya unfairfort's tough sentence. that is the kind of language donald trump has used to describe pardons he gave to people he thought were unfairly political prosecuted, like joe arpaio and dinesh d'souza. there could be hints that manafort could get a pardon and thatight make him less likely to cooperate with mueller. laura: president sees to today in his freewheeling ess conference on the that inspector general report on james comey and the handng of a hillary clinton e-mail probe -- he said it totally exonerates him, but the report was not on donald trump. anthony: no, it wasn't, and it did not exonerate him on anything as far as collusion or what he sayse is tch hunt.
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it dealt specifically with the nbi's handling of the clin investigation, and in this case the ig said comey mishandled the investigation in a way that probably hurt hillarton. the public announcement in july and that letter to congress right before theel presidential tion. but on the flipside, people who are pointing to this and saying this is an example that there was not bias by the fbi in probe, thatussia wasn't handled either. w those interpretations from that is going a step too far. this sti could have an impact on mueller's probe because there is evidence that one of the people, peter strzok, did have anti-trump views. laura: that is presumably t y the presidferred to some in the fbi as being scum. link still going to that link
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in the mueller campaign to the agent you described. anthony: that is exactly right. one of the questions for donald trump repeatedly froerthe fox link this is your fbi, in the mueller campaign to the agent you described. anthony: that is exactly right. one of the questions for donald xump repeatedly from the reporter is this is your fbi, this is your justice department, and donald trump is trying to draw a line between what is going on now and what went on in the past. the reality is that all of this started in 2016 and the shadowte stin 2016 and the shadow of the probe is looming over
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donald trump. he will have to deal with it, and it is clear that the strategy is to undermine robert makeshift camps in bangladesh. more than 700,in0 rohingya flpersecution in myanmar have crossed over since august last year. our south asia corresp dan
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dan johnson reports. reporter: water moulded these hills. it also shes the lives now ved here. it has rained every day for a week. dan johnson reports. reporter: water moulded these hills. it also shapes the lives now lived here. as rained every day for a week. and the monsoon has not even officially started. battered, pushed from pillar to post, these refugees cannot seisle. life herough enough as it is, but when it rains, you get a real sense of exactly how much misery is added here. it is not just uncomfortable. this water poses a reathreat. with pouring rain cometing soil. hethat could mean homes peon hillsides being washed away. "ware not safe," he told m "last nit i slept in the mud and felt like the house was blowing away." "they are afraid of the rain," this woman says.
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"we're used to living on flat plains, not hills. there are landslide here, and children are dying." this is one of the first families left grieving. the young son was buried when ac walapsed while he slept. his wife is still in shock. he was three years old. w >> i build tl from mud because i don't have any money, and that is why i hastay here. the house was built with bamboo les, and that is why we couldn't make a strong enough offense. -- fence. myife and one of my childr were injured, too. dan: they are still surrounded by the rubble that killed their son. with more water comes a greater risk of disease. there are 700,000 people here, and aid workers warm that thousands could die. this weekend they will mark the islamic festival of eid, but it is hard to imagine much of theio celebr
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these people are defined by thel land they havet in the landscape they now cling to. a fragile existence is still under threat. dan johnson, bbc news. laa: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, baseball and litics. how the history of america's national pastime goes hand in glove with its elected leadership. cara: this weekend,om chooses a new leader in second round of presidential elections. this is the first time they will select a newth leader sinc historic peace deal with of the farc rebels two years ago. katy watson reports. katy: if the polls are right, this man will be colombia's next
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president. he promises to cut taxes and boost investment. he wants to ange the peace deal agreed to in 2016, and that like thiser people woman. her father was killed by the farc seven years ago. socolombia has become polarized because there is not true justice. the deal divided of the thuntry. it is g that people didn't want. katy: but the man giving him a run for his money is a former leftist guerrilla. heasowed to keep the deal intact and he has won over orer colombians. >> for 50 years the same people have ruled the country. he offers a change to fight againskacorruption. : colombia is a country with deep inequalities and a traditionally conservative ruling class. the fact that he has gotten his
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40's big progress. legitimized --en the fact that he is gotte pthis far is bgress. the left has been legitimized. the right has capitalized on thi populist rhe with billboards warning that there could be a new venezue. venezuelans are fleeing into colombia to escape the crisis there. one thing about this campaign is that whatever theolitics, colombians cnge. comeic wouwelcome to as would unity in this deeply divided country. neither is likely. ewkaty watson, bbc bogota. we are enjoying some very nice june whether -- june orather in washington, absolutely perfectmerica's all-consuming national pastimes, baseball and, of course, politics.
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last night those two came together at the annual congressional baseball game. it was the first since a gunman shot four people at practice last june, including house majority whip steve scalise, who doctors say was lucky to survive. he started the game and recorded the first out. now, baseball has a long tradition in the fabric of american life, which is why s of the white house usually embrace it. that is the focus of a new book, "the presidents and the paste: the history of baseball and the white house." i spoke to the author curt smith earlier. baseball is the quintessentialer an sport. which president was the first to see the importance of thee prof national life? curt: i think howard taft, alll 300 pounds of him, throwing out the first ball std inaugurating the rite of throwing out the fall to begin the season. but it goes back to before there was a republic, when we had a
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mish between, as i recal the brits and the americans. general washington at valley forge threw a ball back-and-forth for hours at the -- with his aide de camp. abraham lincoln playing outside the white house gad bringing the inside. he actually played baseball in the corridors. he used the corridor as base paths. inbut i william howard taft was the first, and since then -- i have a chapter on every president since then, up to and including donald trump. h e a chapter showing the presidents' relationship to the game and the culture.ur and the cuand the presidencies relationship to it. laura: it is completely you reveal in your book that teddy roosevelt did not like baseball but fdr saved the game during world war ii. what did he do? curt: franklin roosevelt saved it after pearl harbor. the japanese attacking pearl harbor in december 7, 1941, and baseball was clueless, not necessarily an exception. mmissioner wrote a lette
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to franklin roosevelt saying, "what should we do? should we fold o tent? should we go home? should we operate during the duration of the war?" the next day, roosevelt held a press conference and he read the contents of his letterloud, which i think exemplifies the importance of baseball to the nation, and he said not simply do i want baseball to go forward, but baseball will go forth because of its importance to the morale at the home fronts and trbroad. laura: speaking of morale, george w. bush gave the opening pitch at the yankees game after 9/11. iw symbolic is that moment? curt: how symbolanything possible to be? he did a heroic act, the most heroic he ever became, befe or since. it was a stunning act, riintessentially presidential, quintessentially an. that was six weeks after 9/11,
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and the trauma and the cry for simple justice rifled through yankee stadium and the television set of every american watching thevent. bush goes to the mound, the rubber of the mound, not the front of the mound, and he throws a perfect sike. he could not have placed that ball more lovingly in the catchers mitt had he walked it up and placed it in the mitt. the crowd noise that electrified yankee stadium upon that act must have been heard in jersey city. it was a stunning act. next to roosevelt saving baseball, the most presidential act which exemplifies the twinningar of the between baseball and the presidency of the united states. curt smith, thank you f joining us. curt: my pleasure, thank you. laura: staying with sports, day two of the world cup and russia saw exciting action between powerhouse teams and those with a rough road ahead. l many fans weking forward to the matchup between portugal ntd spain, and the players didn't disapp.
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the details from mosco reporter: my word, once again between portugal, the european champions, and former world champions spain. cristiano ronaldo, world player of the year, has lit up the world cup. he scored a hat trick to drag his team, portugal, back into the match. it was 3-3. iran with their first win in 20 years. but that came later on against morocco in st. peterurg. an own goal gave them the women win in that one. we got to see egypt and uruguay. would mohammed salah start? d not start because of the shoulder.id and h't feature at all in the match againstmy uruguay, and ord, they needed him. uruguay snatched a winner later .
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now we move on and see what day three will bring us. four games as we get to see the teams in group c androup d. france taking on australia, argentina, iceland, de and peru, and then the fal match on day three, croatia against nigeria. laura: now, the ashes of professor stephen hawking has been buried at westminster abbey in london, alongside other greats of british science like charlesaa darwin and newton. the famous physicist died in march at the age of 76. following the memorial service, his voice carrying a message of peace was beamed to the nearest blacmphole. sarah ll reports. sarah: it was a congregation which reflected the brilliant scientist and the hugely popular public figure. former colleagues and fellow celebrities were joined by 1000
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numbers of the public who won tickets to be here in a ballot. more than 25,000 had applied. >> we shall give thanks for stephen hawking's remarkable gifts. sarah: this was a lebration of his life and work, the scientific achievements summed up in the address by his friend of more than 40 years, the astronomer royal. >> his name will live in the annals of science. einobody else sinctein has done more to deepen our understanding of space, time, and gravity. sarah: professor hawking died in march following a 50-year battle with motor neuron disease. for those coping with other debilitating condition remains an inspiration. >> he will be remembered as a great scientist and he showed it doesn't matter about disability. >> ihink he showed what peop with disabilities can do. anybody who puts their mind to
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something gets to be it. hat morehawking proved than anyone. >> we have entrusted our brother stephen to god's mercy. sarah: professor hawking's family watched as his remains were placed in the grave between that of isaac newton and chaes darwin. in a message, say his family of hope and peace, professorwk g's words set to music are being beamed light years across space to the nearest black hole. >> the fundamental questions ephen -- are we alone in the universe? how does the universe work? it is absolutely right that his words should be beamed out into the universe. i hope that civilization will receive the message and it will be approprialy the first message from earth to an alien civilization is stephen's. >> be brave, be determined, overcome the odds. it can be done. sarah: sarah camell, bbc news, westminster abbey.
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laura: celebrating stephen hawking. erremeyou can find more on all the day's news at our website. rei am lauravelyan. thanks for watching. >> with the bbc news app, ouric al videos are designed to wrk around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestne headlis you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, yourdr ms. your tomorrow is now.re int financial. >> "bbc world news" wasd presen kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: president trump gives a wide-ranging improptu interview, but later the white house clarifies his stance on the g.o.p.'s immigration bill. then, we continue our series, "the end of aids," traveling to the american south where prejudice and stigma help drive h.i.v. rates higher th parts of sub-saharan africa. >> you know, it's like we're on a desert island! you know, a deserted island! and unless you are h.i.v., you have no clue on what we're dealing with.dr >> wf: and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks consider the aftermath of tht historic sumth north korea and the justice department's i scathiernal report. all that ande,

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