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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 18, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation ti made possible by the freeman foun, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, d purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that l news in the way to rev possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your pla dreams.goals, your your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news amera." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. ndthe trump administration fire for separating migrant children from their parents. the president is defiant. pres. trump: the united states will not be a migrant camp, and it will not be a refugee-holding facility. laura: in germany, immigration policy is also divisive. the fault lines are undermining angela merkel's fragile coalition. plus, meghan markle's father reveals his daughter's reaction when he broke the news he walk her down the aisle. laura: welcome to our viewers on
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public television in america and around the globe. cruel and immoral -- that is how laura bush, the former first lady, described the separation of parents from children as they cross into the u. illegally. e trump administration has taken nearly 2000 children from their families in the past six weeks. despite the criticism of what is happening at the u.s.-mexico border, president trump is so far standing firm, saying he woc't allow the u.s. to a migrant camp. here is our north america correspondent nick bryant. nick: children held in what looked like cages. the trump administration's zero-tolerance immigration policy is being put into action at this detention center in texas.
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it is not just the much vaunted border wall that the administration hopes will act as rentor terence -- as a deter ex those who crossed the man border illegally, but also this wiremesh ftacing. the deees are calling it the dog kennel. in these dusty facilities, the trump administration isn't just detaining children, but separating them from their parents. nearly 2000 sons andrs daugh have been taken away from their mothers and fathers in a month-long period. this meant was separated from his teenage son. >> it was hard, the hardest day for me i felt like i was losing my soni that is whhought, i was going to lose my son. nick: this photo of a two-year-old honduran girl crying as u.s. border patrol agentsearched her mother has crystallized concerns and complaints. they have come from former first lady laura bush, who said that the zero-tolerance policy "is cruel, immoral, and it breaks my
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heart." remarkably, the present first lady's office released a statement -- "mrs. trump hates to see children separated from their families. she believes we need to be a country that follows all laws but also a country that governs with heart." but her husband's ha stance on immigration is a key reason he occupies the white house, and he defended thecr ackdown today. pres. trump: the united states will not be a migrant camp, and it will a refugee-holding facility. won't be. you look at what is happening in europe, you look at what is happening in other places.al we can'w that to happen in the united states, not on my watch. nick: in a series of tweets that will place furth t strain on tnsatlantic alliance, donald trump has taken aim at angela merkel's germany, claiming the influx of immigrants has caused political instability and a spike in crime. the last cim is false. the german crime rate is at its lowest in 30 years.
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critics of the president claimed he was trying to distract attention from what is happening in these detention centers -- this one a converted walmart near the mexican border. h also been accused of using detained children as bargaining chips to get congressional funding from democrats for the border wall. >> the zero-tolerance policyan means zero hy, and it makes zero sense. nick: these are some of the most paring images of the trump presidency so faof to some that he is protecting american borders, proof to others that he is demolishing american ideals. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. laura: a brief time ago i discussed these issues with jay newton-small, contributor to "time." do you think the president is wobbling at all over this policy of separating famili? at the bord jay: not at all. you see this classic trumpn move where on twitter he says this is not my fault, this is
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the democrats' fault, i don't know what you are talking about, and then he has the staff on television saying, yes, this is s absolutely our policy, t the way we are going to approach things. laura: does it have any political impact on himt all, laura bush saying this is cruel and immoral, or does it just show howar he has shifted from traditional republicans? jay: i think it does show how he has shifted from traditional to republics, but you have to keep in mind who the target is, who his base is. his base has always been incredibly anti-immigration. drumming up thisenment helps him with his base and rallies his troops even more, shows them that he is doing something on immigration reform. if he is not going to build the wall, i he will detigrants from coming illegally.ho this itough he is on those immigrants. for them, it is incredibly popular and it helps him with his base even more. laura: the white house is making meland security secretar
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kirstjen nielsen very much the tce of this policy. is that because mixed messaging over defending it? jay: i think it is absolutely, and i have heard some administration officials don't want to go out thereut their names to it. and so kirstjen nielsen -- it is an embarrassing flip-flop, it is . yesterday she was basically saying on television that this is not our policy, we are oit actually d this, and today at the podium is saying that yes, it is our policy, we are doing this. laura: the president will meet with house republicans tomorrow. there are two immigration bills under consideration today. -- this week. his there a way the president is hopingis to lever ssue and get democrats to support something on immigration? jay: that is the purpose of his tweets at this point, holdin the democrats hostage and say ing that you could fix this by voting for one of these bills and giving me my wall. he is holding these children p hostage to titics of the wall, and that is really outrageous for a lot of democrats. i don't know if is going to
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win him any votes, because they ar policy.aged over this he is also outraging republicans, enough of his own party splitting off that i don't know if they will unify on lather of these. a: is he making republicans in the fall the rubble seats -- vulnerable seats -- they are right there in t if the voters are unhappy about this. jay: absolutely, but you see the base happy with this -- i'm talking about primary voters inc republican dis who are going to support these things. but then you see other parts of the base splitting off. it is hard for moderate republicans to defend these issues, and that is why they are trying to get a vote with a more moderate vote out. that would ease a lot of these restrictions. the problem is there's not enough support that unifies enough members to get one of these bills throug laura: jay newton-small, thank you so much for joining us. jay: thank you. s ura: in germany, chancellor angela merkel'vernment is embroiled in a row over immigration that is threatening her coalition.
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her interior minister wants to preserve her open-door policy on migrants. nesident trump has seized germany's political crisis, tweeting, "we don't want what is happening with immigration in europe to happen to us." he claims the german people are turning against the leadership because of high migration levels and rising crime. tia brie ago i spoke with our europe editor adler -- kat what is the reaction to his claims? katya: well, frankly, the germans are much too concerned with their own domestic problems s talk all that much about donald trump'eets. but some of the things he said are simply unfair. if you look at overall crime in germany, it is down. if you look at angela merkelt's populaating, 50%, that is at a level that many world leaders would frankly be envious of. but there is no doubt about it, she has en politically weakened by her liberal migration policy. just over thlast four years alone, germany has taken in 1.4 million migrants. angela merkel is absolely
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convinced that her future, her political future and the future of the european union depend one coming up with the common, accepted, workable, pan-europe policy. if you think back to the heighte ofrisis in 2015, that is the perfect example of european disunity, european countries falling over one another to slam their borders shut to stop the flow of migrants. we have seen the probl fester and the rise of tougher migration politicians and parties making finding a common solution harder. gela merkel has got a bi between her teeth to find a solution ahead of a meeting of eu leaders in brussels next week. it is a racegainst time and the stakes are high indeed. laura: angela merkel is the great survivor. can she survive this one? what is the sense there? katya: i think there was t even at the weekend of possibly
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her government falling over this issue. she and her interior minister are known frenemies. they are two political parties who traditionally worked together sincehe end of the second world war. bothort of branches of the conservative party. it is possible they will fall out together over this, if the interior minister decides to force the issue and take a unilateral german move after the eu summit. you could see the crumbling of the coalition. but i would not writangela merkel just yet. adler, than eyou. a powerfthquake has struck japan's second city, osaka, killg three people and injuring more than 300. the magnitude 6.1 quake struck during the monitoring disrupting -- during the morning, disrupting rush-hour transport and leavin homes without power. rupert wingfield-hayes reports. rupert: this was the moment the
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quake hit, caught on a weather camera overlooking osaka castle. the trembler was short, but shallow and violent. the most violent to hit this 0 city in 10ars. lorries and cars swayed alarmingly on highways.od as sent flying from supermarket shelves. >> when i came down the escalator, i felt the strong jolt.ea it wasy scary. >> i had no time to think what has happened. i was terrified. it was very scary. mpert: the quake hit at 7:58 a.m., right in tiddle of the morning rush, as the city commuters were heading to work. tens of thousands were left stranded as all train services and most highways in the city were shut down. a number of mar water pipes have also been ruptured. huge geysers spewingstater into thets.
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japan's famous bullet trains were also brought to a halt for hours as the lanes had to beec d for any sign of damage. tragically, there has also been death. this wall toppled and crushed a nine-year-old girl walking to school. a man was crushed when this wall collapsed. another elderly man isorted to have been killed by a falling bookcase. hours afte the quake, transport in the city's power. collapsed.of thousands of people many tens of thousands of people -- in the city is still paralyzed. many tens of thousands of people are being forced to walk home from but considering the violence of the great, damage has been remarkably light. there are many broken windows
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and plenty to clean up and repair, but there habu been no majoding collapses. partly that is luck. in large part it is down to japan's tough building regulations. and a major effort to reinforce blic buildings following a devastating earthquake back in 1995, in which more than 6000 people were killed. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc news, tokyo. laura: in other news from aroun, the wohe boss of the german carmaker audi has been detained in connection with the diesel emission scandal. german prosecutors say they took him into custody to prevent him tampering with evidence. he and another audi executive are accused of putting audis with cheap devices on the market in europe, knowing the much dirtier than they appeared to be in pollution test. england have won the opening game of the will to become a beating -- opening game of the 2-1. cup, beating tunisia eden beat south korea, 1-0. it is time to investigate
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investigators -- so said donald trump's personal lawyer this weekend. rudy giuliani says the mother pro into russian interference in the 2016 election must be investigated, just as the trump administration has been. at does this tell us about the state of the mueller probe? my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spoke to a a criminal defenorney for their program "beyond 100 days. katty: what do you make of mr. giuliani's comments? does he have a point? >> not necessarily. i think it is very consistent with what giuliani has been doing since the moment he got on this case. he has not been acting in his capacity as a laer and more as a pr representative. thate is beca knows that the special counsel's office is operating under the office of wlegal counsel ch says that a sitting president cannot be f indebt a criminal offense while in office.
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he is gearing up for the political back-and-forth of impeachment. as far as he is concerned, if you can pursue this which i narrative and get it in the public's minute to undermine the he hasgation, that is -- done his job. he is not concerned with the minutia of obstruction of justice or criminal conspiracy in that regard. he is doing what he has been doing since the start. katty: it is worth pointing out that there are increasin numbers of americans who agree with mr. giuliani and say that the mueller investigation is let's talk about paul manafort. he has been sitting in jail for four days, presumably mulling his fate and wondering how much longer he was standing there. all the while the president seems to be dangling the possibility of pardoning people like paul manafort. does that make it harder if you are the prosecution to persuade mr. metaphor to flip -- mr. metaphor to flip -- mr. manafort
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to flip? possibly. we are seeing him ascend the singles fromsing pardons with reckless abandon. absolutely double play into any potential cooperation agreement that t prosecutors may enter into with paul manafort. i will s,ty k, that nothing is betterti incen to enter into cooperation agreement with the government then pretrial detention, which is what paul manafort is doing. tiit could potly be the rest of his life. if there isn't a part in there, now uld be the time he would be thinking about what he potentially has to offer the special counsel's office. it is not necessarily a question of cutting a deal. federal prosecutors don't really cut a deal. they outline the parameters of the cooperation agreement and see what you have come if you are 100% truthful and manafort does not even cooperate
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with the parameters of this case, wh with the osha investigation, but everything that he knows. eand then down the line o he lieads guilty, the government would recommend ter sentence at sentencing. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, are you ready for t space force? donald trump wants to create another branch of ths. military, but will it become reity? going to the cinema is a pretty standard form of weekend entertainment. arabia, it is just two months since the 35-year ban on cinemas was lifted, one of a number of changes to society there. priceyr: they might be in some places, but cinemas are
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dia new kind of treat in s arabia. >> it is a social event. it is the expense of popcorn, snacks, sitting in the imax theater. ban lastingfter a more than three decades, these customers seem pretty sure what they want to see. >> action movie, horror movies. [laughter] reporter: the first film to be screened after the lifting of e ban was "black panther," complete with a gala event for government officials and vips. there are plans te open more in ming months. it is one of a number of modernizing reform by crown prince mohammad bin salman. fore the film starts, the audience watches a message on his changes.
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another allowing women to drive comes into force in less than a week. a woman was recently given a driving license for the first time. but there are are still limits on what womecan do. this footage shows campaigners flouting the ban in protest, and there are accusations thathe crackdown activist with a number of fish with a number -- crackdown on activists with the number detained in recent weeks. women still need permission from a male guardian to travel access health care. put another y, you can have re fun, but don't criticize. -- don't criticize the system. laura: will the u.s. return to the moon or even send troops there? president trump once a sixth branch of the u.s. military, the
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space force. a short time ago i spoke to the space expert for the center for strategic and international studies. how groundbreaking will it be for america to have its ownrc space >> we have created a new branch of the military only one time before, at the end of world war ii. we broke off the air force from the army. we broke it off and made the air force its own separate service. what presint trump is talking about now would be just as revolutionary. to break space off of the air force to be its own military service. ura: what would the space force actually do? it cannot put nuclear weapons in space. >> nuclear weapons, you cannot orbit those in space, thats banned by the other space treaty. what space forces do today with --n the military as they give ntade in conflict on earth. they are used for reconnaissance, for seeing where targets are. they a gps so that the provision -- precision weapons can hit targets precisely. thns are used for communicat
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, they are used for missile warning. the military derives great advantage from using space. the idea is to reorganize thatun under one ified chain of command so we can better organize for it. laura: however, just last summer the u.s. defense secretary seemed to cast doubt ois idea, saying it would be more bureaucracy. is it actually going to happen? >> this is an idea that has been debated for a couple of decades, and it came to a head last summer when the house armed services committee passed a bill that would have created a space corps, an independent military service for space. the senate did not pass the same measure in their bill. the air force and the department of defense came in and said that sed it, thately op they didn't want it. the compromise was that congress agreed that they wld study this and revisit it in the future. now the president has stepped in and contradicted his own secretary of defense and the ain forchis issue. laura: let's say we get the
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space force.oi what is it to mean? is it going to mean more lunar exploration? is it going to be a bolder vision of space? >> it will not do anything to nasa or space exploration at all. it is all about the military uses of space. that is all unmanned, all here in earth orbit. it is re new.ot doing anything it is taking all the things we are currently doing and reorganizing them into one unified military service that will focus on thspace domain. laura: when the president says he wants americao be dominant in space, will this make us dominant? >> it could put us on the path to the u.s. military is already arguably dominant in space. but it could help the military grow in the future and stay more focused on countering theat ththat we see. t laurnk you so much for joining us. >> thank you for having me. meghan markle's father has been
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talking about the royal couple's wedding. homas markle says he is sure megan cried when told her how he could not attend the ceremony. nicholas witchell reports. nicholas: she was the bride who memorably walked up the aisle without her father. thomas markle pulled out of meghan's weddin health problems were given as the reason for his absence. his place was taken for the last part of her walk to the altar by the prince of wales. now in an interview on itv, mr. markle expressed his gratitude. >> i can't think of a better replacement than someone like prince charles. he looked very handsome, and my daughter looked beautiful with m. i was jealous. i wish it had been me. but thank god he was there, dan him for that. nicholas: mr. markle said meghan had wept when he told her h' couldn't attend the wedding, and he wept as he watched the service on television in cafornia.
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he spoke about the moment harrys phoned him tfor permission to marry his daughter. thomas: harry got on the phone with meghan. they called me together, and yorry asks for her hand over the phone, and i said,are a gentleman. promise me you will neise your hand against my daughter, and of permission." you my nicholas: they apparently talked about american politics and president trump. thomas: our conversation was i was complaining i didn't like donald trump. he said, "give donald trump a chance." i sort of disagreed with that, but i still like harry.th was his politics, i have my politics. nicholas: harry said mr. markle was an interesting guy who made a good choice in his daughter.he he expectsto have children soon. as for the future, mr. markle says he is looking forward to
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having a good relationship with his new family. nicholas witchell, bbc news. laura: i am laura trevelyan. thanks so much for wching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc ws app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. ppwnload now from selected stores. >> funding of this presentatn is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america'sne neglectes, od purepoint financial. >> how do we sha tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to revill new possibies. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking ound you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight: kids at the border amid a growing outcry to end the separation of immigrant families, president trump defends his policy. then i sit down with lim sungnam, the man at the center of south korea's foreign policy to talk what's next in a global strate to de-nuclearize the north. and portland, oregon, one of the most gentrified cities in america. we ask if a housing program can make a dent in the massive displacement of black families. >> they want to live in the same thneighborhood their grand lived in. they want to live in the same neighborhood where their barbershop or their beauty salons still is. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."

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