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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 21, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation isade possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financia >> how do we shape our tomorw? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything thatth stands iway to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
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lsnking around you -- your plans, your gyour omdreams. yourrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am rajini vaidyanathan. president trump tas steps to reunite families separated at the border. the first lady offers so help -- offers a to heshe visits a child migrant detention center. mrs. trump: i would also like to ask you how i can help to reunite with your families, asas quickl possible. rajini: securing the sahara --we have a special report from niger, where we join the u.s. army fighting terrorism. >> ♪ bye-bye, ba rani: and digging into scotland's pop roots.
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how a new exhibit in edinburgh highlights the nation's contribution to popular music. viewers welcomer on public television here in the thu.s. and arounglobe. the fate of thousands of children separated from their parents on the mexican border remains unclear.tr presidenp says he has directed government agencies to begin reuniting them with their omilies, but there is still confusion over ter he sank -- sigd yesterday, which faces possible legal challenges. here in washington, congress is struggling to come up with a long-term solution. amid all this, the first lady made an unexpected visit to s our correspondent nick bryant reports. nick: the rst lady has made herself a central figure in this row, and today decided to make a
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dramatic journey to a detention center in texas where more than 50 children are being kept. publicly she has calr a h heart.that governs w privately she pressed her husband to reverse the policy of taking children from their parents. today came questions that any mother might ask -- when will families be reunited, and in what being detained?hildren mrs. trump: i know you have children on a long-term basis, and i would also like to see how i can help the children to reunite with their families as quickly as possible. nick: much is being made of the coat she was filmed wearing bearinthe slogan "i really don't care, do u," words which seem to contradict her actions. r office said there was no hidden message. her husband stayed in washington, where he lashed out at democratic critics.
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pres. trump: they want resources and personnel and to take erybody -- let's run the mostri lus hotel in the world for everybody. but they don't want to give us the money. nick: there has been a concertey attemphe trump administration to put a caring face on what has been slammed as thcruelest of policies. these showing classrooms, not cages, and even the wonderful world of disney. the youngest being kept in what the trump administration calac "tender age"ities, terminology that democrats have seized upon. senator schumer: i have seen pictures of tiny girls with forlorn looks on their faces. it breaks your heart. they are being placed into what is called "tender age" facilities. that is an orwellian ter there ever was one. nick:mi in the ation debate on capitol hill, democrats can't agree with republicans and republicans cannot agree amongst with congressional elections looming, washington is beset
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-- is obsessed with the politics of immigration. but for the parents of separated children, it is the practicalities at hand -- how dse they going to get the back, how are they going to prevent them being lost in the system? in the halls of congress, a process which served as a reminder to warring politicians of who is in the crossfire of thisattle, children. nick bryant, bbc news, washington rajini: for more on this, i was joined a short time ago by democratic cgresswoman karen bass from capitol hill. thanks for joining t us program. you said he would vote no to both republican bills. what are you willing to compromise on? rep. bass: first of all, if we did have a bill that just ended the crisis the predent started , which means ending the zero-tolerance policy, ihaould
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vote for the problem with the two bills is that they put poison pills in lyose bills, as they typic do. you have to understand that there is not one democratic vote that is needed to pass a bill in the house of representatives. notfact that the bills have passed is becasie there is di within the republican caucus. they do not need our votes to pass the deflation. rajini: when it comes to immigration reform, it is nothing new. we saw it under the previous administration a well. when will congress be able to agree on such a contentious sue? rep. bass: i think congress will be able to agree when democrats take back the house of entatives, to be honest with you. my republican colleagues can never reach the point wherehey will support full citizenship for immigrants will the reason for that is cynical -- they believe that the end of the day is large numbers of immigrants are granted citizenship, they will likely be democrats. i really think that th iwhat
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.s at the heart of it there was a compromise bill voted on in the senate that was able to pass, but the house would never pass itun. rtunately the house has to change hands for true comprehensive immigration reform to pass in the united . rajini: and yet republicans including the president are blaming the democratic party -- cp. bass: i know, but do understand that thsis at the border with the children was started by the president. started the crisis, and that he signed an executive order ending the crisis that he started. it would be like if i went out and stard a fire and then called the fire department and excted to receive a prize because i helped put out the fire. it makes no sense to do policy in texs matter. thutive order that he rdsigned yes, i guess he did not even consult his staff, address theoes not problem. he says he wants to keep
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children together, but let me tellal you something that disturbs me. there is no mechanism in place right now today to reunite the 2000 children with their parents. i believe that some of these children will never see their parents again. i think that is egregious, i think it is a human rights abuse. rajini: just briefly, the president is saying today that if we took zero-tolerance ay, everybody would come into the country right now. ofwon on a platform promising tougher immigration. there areany in the country who want tougher reform. rep. bass: well, let me just tell you that immigration to the united states is way down, and his policy did not exist a couple of months ago. our borders were not overrun with tens of thousands of pele trying to come over. what the president has consistently stoke the fears of people in the unitedrttates, and unately, he has consistently used racism,ir
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whether it wasted against immigrants or directed against irican-americans, he does that every few weeks, ahink he does it as i do version so we will stop thinking about the rush investigation boards -- russia investigationr some of the other egregious things he is doing to dismantle civil rights and other safety-net protections we have had in this country for generations. rajini: good to have you with us. rep. bass: thank you very much. rajini: now for a perspective from the other side of the political, aisshort time ago my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spoke to a republican congressman francis rooney for their program "beyond 100 days." looks, congressman, like your party has not been able to come up with some kind of compromise on immigration that will address this issue ina the long-ter that is the problem, isn't it, that america has beetrying to address this the past decade and
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nothing really happens. rep. rooney: i worked on the 2007 george bush bill, and we thought we were going to get it done then. the problems festered and has gotten wor ever since. katty: why have positions gotten more hardline since 2007? i remember reporting on that immigration push and that is the last time america got close to thinking it could ha some kind of comprehensive sform. it seems that boes are more polarized and it is less likely now. why is that? rep. rooney: well, it is a polarizing issue.rs of all, no democrat seems to want to join in reforming immigration or visas right now.u the ican party's left to do it by itself. we have a wide range of ideolog in our pard it is hard to bring the moderates together with us conservatives who would fike to see serious reform of a lot of the defects immigration and visa systems, not just grant residency status to the daca kids. christian: of course the problem always will be getting the
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president to sign on. rothink you are a supporter of paul ryan's cose bill, and in that he says let's have more judges, and the president says i don't want more judges, i want more security thd funding for wall. rep. rooney: well, this does contain funding for the wall and tightens up the asylum standard, two of the president's top priorities. d have to assume he sign the compromise bill as has been configured. i don't know if they are going to change it to make it less signable between now and fridayy christian:o you think this is the problem of our age? s not unique to the unit states. ,here is a meeting in brussels german government under pressure. it seems that no matter how much you put at the border and whatever tough policies you have , you cannot stop the tide of people who are coming. rep. rooney: well, you make a very good point. we were at a panel at the u.s. institute of peace yesterday talking about this
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very point -- immigration was exploited by russia to undermine d change the governments in italy, germany, hungary, even the conservative party of france. it is a worldwide issue right now. rajini: that was congressman francis rooney of florida speaking earlier. turkish president erdogan has acknowledged that this sunday's elections in his country could be so close that it may result in a coalition government. the bbc's mark lowen has been traveling across turkey to canvass opinion s.ead of the po mark: this 2-year-old never knew her mom. she was shot in the neck by the turkish police and died after the birth. her grandma raises her, her father is in pson, and she doesn't know the truth. they were, say the family, innocently caught in clashes between pkk kurdish militants and government forces.
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the same government president erdogan is hoping to lead again after sunday's election.il >> itell her the state killed her mother and put her faer in prison. i hate erdogan for what he has done to my famil if he came here, i would spit in his face. goddamn him. mark: t he did come here to kurdish-dominated south turkey, not a reon where he has a majority, but in this tight election, he needs kurdish votes to win. women are separated froment his rallies, unheard of before he took office. "one nation, one flag, o homeland, one state," he cried. they cheer the leader of a big nato power and a key western ally on syria and the migrantis . the reverence president erdogan
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stillommands from pious turks is almost godlike. the question is whether it can beat the acute loathing on the igher side of the nation. this election is a between two halves of a profoundly polarized turkey, a battle for the soul of this pivotal country. security is heavy here. the pro-kurdish party is called terrorists by the government. its candidates standing election from priso many fear vote rigging by erdogan machines. across the country, a different picture in the black sea stronghold. he has built support with new schools and hospitals. the economic boom is now stalling, but this is a regionof oyalists. o li whose family has tended his let -- hazelnut gros for generations. >> erdogan says a road will be
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built here, it is done in three days. we are happy to be a muslim country ruled by a muslim president. he is not a dictator. he is a world leader. mark: beneath the cloak of fear, dissent here is whispered. we met the wife of a police chief jailed after the failed coup, one of thoands arrested or sacked. critics say it is a purge of all opponents. >> the hardest is the loneliness, that my daughter i thout a father. we don't know what is worse,st ying our future or turkey's justice system. what erdogan is doing is a crims aghumanity. mark: this political choice will determine livelihoods, a vote for the shape and perhaps survival of turkish democracy. mark lowen, bbc news, turkey. rajini: the sahara desert is becoming a new front line in the war on terror. islamist groups are growing in so international
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troops are moving in to stop them, including u.n. peacekeepers in mali and french forces across the region. for its part, the s. is building a new airbase in niger. our africa correspondent reports in this special report. >> has been moved to the door -- reporter: american specialro forcops training the african counterparts in the sahara desert. i will try to peek inside without showing my muzzle. reporter: for african nations,ci the major ex is a chance to learn how western armies work. for the visitors, it provides partners willing to fight terror for them. s the sahara is an important place for us to fow because of al qaeda and isis-affiliated extremist organizations, which are growing in strength. if we don't take the opportunity isdeal with it now, where it at a level that is affordable and sustainable, then it may cost much, much more to deal
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with at a later time. >> islamist fighters ambus four u.s. soldiers in niger -- reporter: many americans did not know that 800 troops were in byer until four were killed islamic state, and questions ere asked about what we w doing here. but the u.s. is rolling out olsources across africa. the multimillionr runway is one of many bases rejecting areften secret th projecting u.s. power across the saofra. the scalhis u.s. airbase is huge. when t runway is finished, it will be able to land some of the biggest cargo planes and fly armed drones from here. it is a dramatic indicator of how much the american military foot.int in africa is growing just on the other side of the wire is the heart of the sahara's people-smuggling
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business since libya collapsed into chaos in 2011. the business hides and bankrolls islamist gros. rrupt officials in niger have no incentive to shut it down. are u frustrated by the amou of corruption that allows this to happen? >> yes, of course. i'm frustrated. it is a very old phenomenon. i know it generates a lot of money. not to mention that even the violenextremist organizations are involved in this. they are making a lot of money. reporter: their presence is bringing international troopsa. into the sahar thousands of peacekeepers in a neighboring mali and french forces on a counterterrorism mission. i its creating a new front line crof the war on terror aoss the sahara desert. bbc news, niger. rajini: you are watching "bbc onrld news america."
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still to come onht's program, new zeala celebrates the arrival of the prime minister's daughter. why this birth and parenting plans ahead are generating so much excitement. two canadians crossed the border into the u.s. only to smuggle goods act across the border. that is what president trump recently claimed. we went to ask some canadians if they had anything to confess. pres. trump:hebuy shoes and they wear them. they scuff them up and make them sound old look old. pres. trump: there was a story i two days aa major newspaper talking about people living in canada and talking to the united states and smuggling things back into canada because
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the tariffs are so massive. >> never. no. >> no, i don't smuggle. >> never. i'm too scared. [laughter] >> if we have half a bottle of wine left and we have a full liter in t back, but we said to the guy, a couple glasses of wine. i guess that's it. but dy alrdmitted to it, so -- >> i always try to buy canadian products first. it is pointless for our country on anize -- like a flea elephant. >> not thinking about it
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just thinkin about the job losses. >> i usually buy canadian if i can. i'm not going to drive over there. you can get good deals over s.re. never mind those g i might buy a niagara bottle of wine instead of the california bottle of wine. itill probably not make a differen. i like to give him a kiss in my own way. rajini: the prime minister of newar zealand, jacindrnbi, has giveh to a baby girl, only the second elected leader to give birth while in office. the 37-year-old will take six weeks of maternity leave, passing on her duties to the dust -- to the deputy prime minister. reporter: beaming parents and their new arrival. jacinda ardern chose social media over a state announcement to share news of her daughter's
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birth. the message reads, "welcome to our village, new one." throughout her public pregnancy, jacinda ardern made a point of continuing with business as usual. after six weeks of maternity leave, she plans to go back to work as her partner becomes the main caregiver. in a bbc interview in april, she suggested the baby could join her on the international --ge for the prim stage. aree minister ardern:e great with children. just bring t child and we will take care of it. i think we will taknathe internatcommunity to raise our child. reporter: the baby's arrival has been celebrated here as a national time. former prime minister ellen clark was one of the firstwo lauding the arrangements as gender equality in action for the theresa c mter
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congratulations to the new parentsrt on the of the new group. the man in charge of new zealand for the next six weeks sent his best wishes. >> which the very best and that she gets a solid start to her that solid start may. be followed by sleepless nights, but jacinda ardern says she will e once s htaabl takes her bae. rajini: nice to have some cood news fornge. and you think of scott desktop music -- when you think scotland, pop music might not be the firstng to come to mind, but from lulu, annie the popsimple minds, music has been around the world. a new exhibit in edinburg
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examines pop music. exwill gompertz went to ine take a look. will: back in the 1970's, the bay city rollers wore ness on their sleeves. a decade later, the proclaimers were riffing on the city weather. >> ♪ why does it always rain on me ♪ will: an interest in meteorology shared by the glaswegian band travis in the 1990's. more recently, young fathers going down a storm with the voice and look of 21st-century scotland. as this exhibion demonstrates , the list of world-class musical acts that have come out of scotland is long and illustrious. is there a common thread, something that unites them all, that captures the essence of what could be called scottishpo la here is who should know. everybody in this
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room is great songs. scots seem to have a real knack for it. i don't know if it ces from the dna of folk music, whether it is in the air. weouave something to say and basically can't shut us up. maybe th is when we like to write a tune will: the show looks at the venues that nurtured scotland's up-and-coming bands. such as this legendary club in glasgow. have either played here or aspired to play there. they don't care what else they play. will: some of the musicians on stage, others have gone to wherever they have ended up, what this show tells you is that they were all made here in scotland. will gompertz, bbc news.
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raji: good to see my favorite band, travis, making an appearance in that repor you can find all the day's news on our website. i am rajini vaidyanathan. thanks for watching us on "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the test headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation,at kovler foun, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. or>> how do we shape our tw? it starts with a vision. we seets ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financi, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, ur dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored bro newshourctions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: immigration limbo-- republican s' attempt today to come up with an immigration fix falls flat, as children separated from their parents hang in the balance. plus, we continue our report from the u.s.-mexico border with a federal judge tasked with decidinghe fates of immigrant families. and making sense of e-sports: inside the economics of how the competitive video-gaming world is changing the sports landscape. >> the beautiful thing about e-sports and about gaming is you don't have to be six-three and 220 to have a shot. you don't have to be six-foot-ne o dunk. anybody can come. male, female, any race, an

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