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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 21, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way toeveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern appr banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow re now. int financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." s rajini: thisbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am rajini vaidyanathan. president trump takes steps to reunite families separated at the border. the first lady offers some help -- offers to help as shmivisits a chilant detention center. mrs. trump: i would also like to ask you how i can help to reunite th your families, as quickly as psible. rajini: securing the sahara --we have a special report from niger, where we join the u.s. army fighting terrorism. >> ♪ bye-bye, baby rajini: and digging intond scotl's pop roots.
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how a new exhibit in edinburgh highlights the nati's contribution to popular music. viewerswelcome to our on public television here in the u.s. and around the gle. the fate of thousands of children separated from their parents on the mexican border remains unclear. president trump ys he has directed government agencies to begin reuniting them with their families, but there istill confusion over the order he sank -- signed yesterday, which faces possible legal challenges. here in washington, congresss ruggling to come up with a long-term solution. amid all this, the first lady made an unexpected visit to texas, as our correspondent nick bryant reports. nick: the first lady has made herself a central figure in this row, and toy decided to make a
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dramatic journey to a detention center in texas where more than 50 children are being kept. publicly she has called for a country that governs with heart. ivately she pressed her husband to reverse the policy of king children from their parents. today came questions that any mother might ask -- when will families be reunited, and in what conditions are children ing detained? mrs. trump: i know you have children on a long-term basis, and i would also like to see how i can help the children to reunite with their families as quickly as possible. nick: much is being made of the coat she was filmed wearing bearing the slogan "i really don't care, do u," words which seem to contradict her actions. her of hidden no her husband stayed in washington, where he lashed out at democratic critics. pres. trump: they want resources
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and rsonnel and to take everybody -- let's run the most luxurious hotel in the world for everybody. but they don't want to give us the money. nick: there has been a concerted attempt by the trump administration to put a caring face on what has been slammed as the cruelest of policies. these showing classrooms, not cages, and even the wonderful world of disney. b the youngeng kept in what the trump administration calls "tender age" facilities, terminology that democrats have seized upon. senator schumer: i have seen pictures of tiny girls with forlorn looks on their. it breaks your heart. they are being placed into what is called "tender age" facilities. that is an orwellian term if there ever was one. ni: in the immigration debate on capitol hill, democrats can't agree wiublicans and republicans cannot agree amongst themselves. with congressional elections looming, washington is beset
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-- is obsessed with the politics of immigration. but for the parents of separated children, it is the practicalities at hand -- how are they going to get the kids back, how are they going to prevent them being lost in the system? in the halls of congress, a process which served as a reminder to warring politiciansw is in the crossfire of this battle, children.t, nick brybc news, washington. rajini: for more on this, i was joined a short time ago by democratic congresswan karen bass from capitol hill. thanks for joining us on the program. you said he would vote no to both rublican bills. what are you willing to compromise on? rep. bass: first of all, if we did have a bill that just ended the crisis the president started , which means ending the zero-tolerance policy, i would
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vote for that. the problem with the two bills is that they put poison pills in those bills, as they typically do. you have to understand that there is not oneemocratic vote that is needed to pass a bill in the house of representatives. notfact that the bills have passed is because there is division whin the republican caucus. they do not need our votes to pass the deflation. rajini: when it comes to immigration reform, it is nothing new. saw it under the previous administration as well. when will congress be able to agree on such a contentious issue? rep. bass: tnk congress will be able to agree when democrats take back the house of representatives, to be honest with you. my republican colleagues can never reach the point where they will support ful citizenship for immigrants will the reason for that is cynical -- they believe that the end of the day is large numbers of immigrants are granted citllenship, they ikely be democrats. i really think that that is what is at the heart of it.
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there was a compromise bill voted on in the senate that was able to pass, but the house would never pass it. unfort change hands for trueo comprehensive immigration reform to pass in the united states. rajini: and yeteplicans including the president are blaming the democratic party -- rew, bass: i kut do understand that this crisis at the borderil with the en was started by the president. he started the crisis, and that he signed an executi order ending the crisis that he started. it would be like if i went out and started a fire and then called the fire department and expected to receive a prize because i helped put out the fire. it makes no sense to do policy in this matter. the executive der that he signed yesterday, i guess he did not even consult his staff, because he does not address the problem. he says he wants to keep
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children tell you something that really disturbs me. there is no mechanism in place right t noway to reunite the 2000 children with their parents. i believe thathe some of children will never see their parents again. i think that is egregious, i think it is a human rights abuse. rajini: just briefly, the president is saying today that if we took zero-tolerance away, everybody would come into the country right now. ofwonn a platform promising tougher immigration. there are many o the country nt tougher reform. rep. bass: well, let me just tell you that immigration to the united states is way down, and his policy did not exist a couple of months ago. our borders were not overrun with tens of thousands of people trying to come over. what the president has consistently done is try to ste the fears of people in the united states, and unfortunatelis he has contly used racism, whether it was directed anainst
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immi or directed against african-americans, he does that every few weeks, and i think de does it as version so we will stop thinking about the rush investigation boards -- russia investigation orot some f thr egregious things he is doing to dismantle civil rights and other safy-net protections we have had in this country for generations. rajini: gooto have you with . rep. bass: thank you very much. rajini: now for a perspective from the other se of the political aisle, a shortime ago my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spoke to a republican congressman francis rooney for their program "beyond 100 days." looks, congressman, like your party has not been mmle to come up with some kind of compromise onration that will address this issue in the long-term, and that is the problem, isn't it, that america has been trying to address this the a past deca
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nothing really happens. rep. rooney: i worked on the 2007 george bush bill, and we thought we were going to get it obne then. the ms festered and has gotten worse ever since. katty: why have positions gotten more hardline since 2007? i remember reporting on that immigration push and that is tic last time amgot close to thinking it could have some kind of comprehensive reform. it seems that both sidesedre more polarnd it is less likely now. why is that? rep. rooney: well, it is a polarizing issue. first of all, no democrat seems to want to join in reforming immigration visas right now. the republican party's left to do it by itself. we have a wide range of ideology in our party, and it is hard to bring the moderates together with us conservatives who would like to see serious reform of a lot of the defects of immigration and visa systems, not just grant residency statuso he daca kids. christian: of course the problem always will be getting the
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president to sign on. i think you are a supporter of paul ryan's compromise bl, ands in that he st's have more judges, and the president says i don't want more judges, i want more security and funding for the wall rep. rooney: well, this does contain funding for the wall and tightens up the asylum standard, two of the president's top priorities. i would have to assume he signs the compromise bill aseen configured. i don't know if they are going to change it to make it less signable between now and friday. christian: why do yothink this is the problem of our age? this is not unique to the united states. ,here is a meeting in brussels german government under pressure. it seems that no matter how much you put at the border and whatever tough policies you have , you cannot stop the tide of people who are coming. rep. rooney: well, yoo make a verypoint. we were at a panel at the o u.s. institupeace yesterday talking about this
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point -- immigration wa exploited by russia to undermine and change the governments in italy, germany, hungarn the conservative party of france. it is a worldwide issue right now. rajini: that was congressman francis rooney of florida speaking earlier. turkish president erdogan has acknowledged that this sund's elections in his country could resultclose that it ma in a coalition government. een bbc's mark lowen has traveling across turkey to canvass opinion ahead of the polls. mark: this 2-year-old never knew her mom. she was shot in the neck by the turkish police and died after the birth. her grandma raises her, her father is in prison, and she doesn't know the truth. they were, say the family, innocently caught up in clashes between pkk kurdish militants and government forces.
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the same government president erdogan hoping to lead again after sunday's election. >> i will tell her the state killed her mother and put her father in prison. i hate erdogan for what he has done to my family. if he came here, i would spit in his face. ddamn him. mark: but he did come here todo kurdish-minated south turkey, not a region where he has a majority, but in this tight election, he needs kurdish votes to win. women are separated from men ata his rallies, u of before he took office. "one nation, one flag, one rihomeland, one state," he. they cer the leader of a big nato power and a key western ally on syria and the migrant crisis. the reverence president erdogan
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still commands from pious turks is almost godlike. the question is whether it can beat the acute loathing on the other side of the nation. this election is a fight beten two halves of ay profoun polarized turkey, a battle for the soul of this pivotal country. security is heavy here.o- the rdish party is called terrorists by the government. its candidates standing election from prison. many fear vote rigging by erdogan machines. enross the country, a diff picture in the black sea stronghold. he has built support with new schools and hospitals. the ecomic boom is now stalling, but this is a region of loyalis. like one whoseamily has tended his let - hazelnut groves for generations. >> erdogan says a road will be
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built here, it i done in three days. uswe are happy to be am country ruled by a muslim president. he is not a dictator. he is a world leader.e mark: beneath oak of fear, dissent here is whispered. we met the wife of a police chief jailed after the failed coup, one of thousands arrested or sacked. critics say it is a purge of all opponents. >> the hardest is the loneliness, that my daughter is withoua father. we don't know what is worse, destroying our future or turkey's justice system. what erdogan is doing is a crime against humanity. mark: this polical choice will determine livelihoods, a vote for the shape and perhaps survival of turkish democracy. mark lowen, bbc news, tuey. rajini: the sahara desert is becoming a new front line in the war on terror. inislamist groups are grin so international
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troops are moving in to stop them, including u.n. reacekeepers in mali and french forces across thon. for its part, the u.s. is building a new airbase in niger. our africa correspondent reports in this special report. >> has been moved to the door -- reporter: american special forces troops aining the african counterparts in the sahara desert. >> i will try to peek inside without showing my muzzle. reporter: for african nations, the major exercise is a chance to learn how western armies work. for the visitors, it provides partners willing to fight terror for them. >> the sahara is an important place for us to focus now a because qaeda and chis-affiliated extremist organizations, w are growing ke strength. if we don't tahe opportunity to deal with it now, where it is at a level that is able and sustainable, then it may cost much, mucmore to deal
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with at a later time. >> islamist fighters ambushed four u.s. soldiers in niger -- reporter: many americans did not know that 800 troops were in byer until four were killed islamic state, and questions were asked about what we were but the u.s. is rolling out resources across africa. the multimillion dollar ru is one of many bases rejecting areften secret that projecting u.s. power across the sahara. the scale of this ugs. airbase is when the runway is finished, ite will be o land some of the biggest cargo planes and fly armed drones from here. it is a dramatic indicator of how much the american military footprint in africa is growing. just on the other side of the wire is the heart of the sahar's people-smuggling
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business since libya collapsed into chaos in 2011. the business hides and bankrolls islamist groups. corrupt officials in niger have noen ive to shut it down. are you frustrated by the amount of corruption that allows this to happen? >> yes, of course. i'm frustrated. it is a very old phenomenon. i know it generates a lot of money. not to mention that even the violent extremist organizationsi are involvthis. they are making a lot of money. reporter: their presence is bringing international troops into the sahara. thousands of peacekeepers in a neighbor g mali and french forces on a counterterrorism mission. it is creating a new front line of the war on terror across the sahara desert. bbc news, niger. rajini: you are watcneng "bbc worl america." still to come on tonight's
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program, new zealands celebra the arrival of the prime daminister'ughter. why this birth and parentingea plans ahare generating so much excitement. two canadians crosseborder into the u.s. only to smuggle goods act acrosshe border. that is what president trump recently claimed. to ask some canadians if they had anything to confess. pres. trump: they buy shrs and they w them. they scuff them up and make them sound old or look old. pres. trump: there was a story two days ago in a major newspaper talking about people living in canadaal andng to the united states and smuggling things back into canada because
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the tariffs are so >>no never. >> no, i don't smuggle. >> never. i'm too scared. [laughter] >> if we have half a bottle of wine lefand we have a full liter in the bac t but we said guy, a couple glasses of wine. i guess that's it. but we already admitd to it, so -- >> i always try to buy canadian products first. it is o pointless f country on anize -- like a flea elephant. >> not thinking about it.
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just thinking about the job losses. >> i ually buy canadian if i can. i'm not going to drive over there. you can get good deals over here. never mind those guys. i might buy a niagara bottle of wine instead of the california bottle of wine. it will probably not make a difference. i like to give him a kiss in my own way. rajini: the prime minister of new zealand, jacinda ardern, has given birth a baby girl, only the second elected leader to give birth while in office. e -year-old will take six leaveof maternity passing on her duties to the dust -- to the deputy prime minister. reporter: beaming parents and their new arrival. jacinda ardern chose social media over a state announcement to share news of her daughter's
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birth. the ssage reads, vielcome to oullage, newne." througho her public pregnancy, jacinda ardern made a point of continuing with business as usual. after six weeks of maternity leave, she plans to go back to work as her partner becomes the main caregiver. in a bbc interview in april, she suggested the baby could join her on the international --ge fothe prim stage. aree minister ardern we great with children. just bring the child and we will take care of it. i think we will take the international commr ity to raise ild. reporter: the baby's arrival has been celebrated here as a national time. former prime minister ellen clark was one of the first two g the arrangements as gender equality in action for the theresa may center
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congratulations to the new parents on the birth of the new group. the man in charge ofthew zealand fo next six weeks sent his best wishes. >> which the very best and that she gets a solid start to her motherhood, so to speak. hat solid start may be followed by sleepless nights, but jacinda ardern says she will e once shetactabl takes her baby home. rajini: nice to have some good news for a change. and you think of scottto de music -- when you think of scotland, pop music might not be the first thing to come to mind, but from lulu, annie the popsimple minds, music has been around the world. a new exhibit in edinburg
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examines pop music. will gompertz went to examine take a look. llwiback in the 1970's, the bay city rollers wore nesseirhn sleeves. a decade later, the proclaimers were riffing on the city itather. >> ♪ why doelways rain on me ♪ will: an interest in meteorology shared by the glaswegian band travis in the 1990's. more recently, young fathersto going down a s with the voice and look of 21st-century scotland. as this exhibition demonstrates , the list of world-class musical acts that have come out of scotland is long and illustrious. is there a common thread, something that unites them all, thataptures the essence of what could be called scottish pop? here is a lady who should know. everybody in this
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room isat gongs. scots seem to have a real knack for it. don't know if it comes from the dna of folk music, whether it is in the air. we have something to say and you basically can't shut us up. maybe that is when we like to write a tune. will: the show looks at the venues that nurtured scotland's up-and-coming bands. ch as this legendary club in glasgow. have either played here or aspired to play there. they d't care what else they play. will: some of the musicians on stage, others have gone to london and beyond. erever they have ended u what this show tells you is that they were all made here in scotland. will gompertz, bbc news.
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rajini: good to see my favorite band, travis, making an appearance in that report. you can find all the day's news on our website.ya i am rajini vanathan. thanks for watching us on "world news america." >> with the b news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so yoecan swipe your way to th news of the day and stay tr-to-date with the latest headlines you can ust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, ingler foundation, pur solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to ytisel. we strip away everhing that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern ch to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: imgration limbo-- republic lawmakers' attempt today to come up with an immigration fix falls flat, as children separated from their parents hang in the balance. plus, we ctinue our reports from the u.s.-mexico border with a federal judge tasked with deciding the fates of immigrant families. and making sense of e-sports: inside the economics of how th competitive video-gaming world is changing the sports landscape. >> the butiful thing about e-sports and about gam you don't have to be six-three and 220 to have a shot you don't have to be six-foot- nine to dunk. anybody can come. male, female, any race, any


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