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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 22, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shapeur tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reportg from washington, i am jane o'brien. on the texas border, a tent city has emerged to house children brought to the u.s. illegally. the chalnge now is reuniting them with their parents. turkish voters are preparing to castallots in an historic election. after 15 years in power, how securedo is president n? saudi women are getting ready to take the wheel, but for many, the switch to the driver's seat is only a small step.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. all week we have been watching the human impact and political debate surrounding u.s. immigration policy. today the president pressed the case for greater border eosecurity, appearing withe whose family members were killed by undocumented immigrants. but along the southern border, hundreds of children rem separated from their parents because of a policy that was later halted.ee maqbool is in el paso, texas, with this report. aleem: in this camp close to the mexico border, the u.s. is holding children. we saw them trooped betweenle tents in single in many cases they were separated from their parents by immigration officials, often
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their mothers and fathers who themselves are in detention have no idea where their children are. we have been trying to getam access to thisby official channels, but were denied. this is the only way we could get a sense of what was happening inside. a seven-year-old from guatemala has finally be reunited with his mother after they were separated three weeks ago. even though she says she followed all the rules i claiming asylum. "look at his face," she says. "he is so sad. we are together now and nothingl ear us apart." but this kind of reunion has so far been rare. m the vastority of parents and children separated under donald trump's controversial immi detention.cy remain in lawyers say many have still had no communication with their children and were give information about their welfare or location. >> receipts are given for yeople's property, anthese individuals were not receiving anythi in terms of the human being, their child.
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>> it is akito kidnapping someone when you take someone away from someone and don't give them any information whatsoever. aleem: he says he fled honduras after getting death thres there, but when he came to the u.s. earlier this month, his daughter, shown in these family photos, was taken from him. he is in prison, where we spoke to him by phone. he is desperate just to speak to his daughter. >> they didn't give me any explanation. the only thing they told me, "you are going to be separated from your daughter." it made me feel powerless, because imagine a little girl eighyears old crying. aleem: never afraid of stirring things up, donald trump decided not toocus on families separated by his immigration rules, but relatives of those killed by illegal immigrants. pres. trump: they don't talk about the death and destruction caused by people that shouldn't
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be here, people that will continuously get into trouble and do bad things. for years their pain was met with silence, their plight was met with indifference, but no more. aleem: this country has been dramatically split over border security. the president's new order meant to end family separations, hagned under huge pressure, doesn't change while they remain, hundreds of children held separated from their families, peopleetake to the stto protest against what they see as a barbaric policy by the american government. but make no mistake about it, there is another half of this country who feel proud of their president and e tougher stance that he tried to take on immigration. aleem maqbool, bbc news, el paso. jane: a brief time ago i spoke mewith the fhead of u.s. immigration and customsem enfot, who joined us from new york.
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how difficult is it going to be to reunite these children with their parents? >> far more difficult than the administration ever imagined. it looks to me that when they announced this policy separating famili, they did not wsderstand the thicket of and regulations that govern how the government is supposed to take care of minor children when they are in their custody. unhertunately, the fact that president announced that they would be reunited, we have 500 reunitedhus far, it is evidence that they are encountering those difficulties and having a hard time bringing the families back together. jane: is there a risk en might not hat all? >> there is a risk if the rents are deported. i am optimistic and hopeful that the president's announcementn dnesday diminishes that risk. that said, the fastest way be administration could bring these families together is byin relethe individuals' that doesnt mean they stay in the country. they will have a deportation hearing before an immigration judge. but if you release them, their parents are free to collect
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their children. the hard part is, the children are in foster care and under the e ardianship of a state ju another relative. do those relatives want to send the children back so that they can be locked in a detention camp with the rent? that is one of the many difficulties they are facing. jane: you dealt with this sort ma thing under the o administration. how difficult is it to solve when poverty is in flux and there is no political solution in sight? >> the united states immigration issue is such a thorny and complicated hotbed issue. it could be solved quickly if we could reach a politica compromise but you have one third of the coun everybody from the u.s., one third that wants to let everyone stay. it makes it difficult for those people in the middle to reach an agreemenea jane: we didthe president talking about the need for greater border security, but when you have families coming from other countries into mexico, how do you fix the problem further down the line? >> this is a problem, in my opinion, with the president's
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overall proach of isolating the united states. one of the k ways to combat this is with international partners in mexico. it's to goe to urce of the problem in central america. what has been happening the last five years in the united states is not a security crisis. the security othe southwestern rder has never been greater. what you have is a humanitarian crisis in central america that is pushing these people north. you need to attack the problem -- providing additional financial aid, provide law-enforcement assistance inic central am and working with mexico to secure their southern border to stop the flow before it gets to the u.s. jane: thank you for joining me. >> thank you. jane: in just two days, turkey will go to the polls to choose its next president and paiament. a lot isiding on the vote, including the political future of president erdogan. he brought the ballot forward by more than year and calle snap elections in hopes of cementing his position with the beefed-up power. now the country is in an economic slump, and he faces strong opposition.
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for more on what is riding on the outcome, i spoke with a fellow at the washington institute. thank you for joining me. why is this election so important? >> it is an historic election because recep tayyip erdogan passed a referendum where he assigned himself ncutive powers. rdogan wins election on sunday, he will fully assume those powers, which will make him head of state, head of government, head of ruling party, head of army, head of police, already has the right to appoint judges to e high courts if he wi the elections, he will have legislative, executive branches in his hands. he will become the most powerful turkish politian since ataturk
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established modern turkey in 1923. : what could stop him? >> effective opposition. it was said for a long time that turkey suffered from and erdogan was blessed with weak opposition. that is no longer the case. they are opposing erdogan withit the force for the first time. erdogan's luck was that his opposition was composed of disparate groups. sometimes the distance between decethan thes wi distetween them and erdogan. they have decid to overcome their differences, number one. number two, the opposition has produced two effective leaders. one is hding a new party, although she set it up less than a year ago, poing close to 15%. she could emerge as the third largest bloc in parliament. the other is more esent, the candidate of the main opposition party. he is as populist a candidatas erdogan is, and someone who could easily challenge him. even if erdogan wins with a narrow majority, he has two
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effective and competent opposition leaders. jane: what impact could these elections have not just onut turkeyhe region as a whole which is very unstable at the moment? >> one of the takeaways is that the elections do not reallend turkey's deep political crisis, which in my view is a result of mr. erdogan. it has a bright side, as i explain in my book "the new sultan," that he lifted many people out of poverty. he has a base that adores him, constituted by mostly conservative turks. that is ha of turkey. the other half is demonized by him because he is a populist leader, and the demonid half loathes him. ihe think iins by a narrow majority, after an unfair campaign, the polarization will not end.l we w see two different parts of the country living in their own echo chambers. half believe turkey is a wonderful place, half believe he
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is an ahoritarian leader. it will have implications for nato -- turkey is a nato ally in a e middle east. countries like rusd others will try to take advantage of the crisis. unfortunately, that is not very good news. jane: thank you very much for joining me. >> my pleasure, thank you. jane: that the election taking place on sunday. we will bring you all the results and the reactionheo whatever t results are. quick look at some of the day's other news. north and south korea have agreed to resume reunions of families separated by the korean war. the meet place in august and will be the first since 2015. mi ions of people were separated during the conflict in the 1950's. most died without seeing or hearing from the relatives again.e th35 largest banks operating in the u.s. have enough money on hand to withstand a severe financial crisis despite rising levels of credit-card debt. that was the finding of the annual stress tests conducted br the u.s. fedeserve. airbus has warned it could be trced to pull out of the u.k.
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if the country exi european union's single market and customs union without a transition agreement. the coany employs 14,000 people across the u.k. and makes for all of its passenger jets. a police report has revealed that the safety operator of a self driving uber car was watchingv before the vehicle hit and killed a pedestrian in arizona in march. the report said the crash was entirely avoidable. uber has so far declined to comment. trade tensions between the u.s. and the european union took anothere turn for the wo today. donald trump threatened to introduce a 20% tariff on all cars coming into the u.s. unless the eu removed to similar the two are embroiled in a fight over steel and aluminum tariffs introded by the u.s. a brief time ago i spoke to diane swonk, chief economist at
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grant ornton. how big an escalation is this? diane: it is a big escalation. this is what we have seen constantly, instead of turning ,hings down, backing them up and earlier on,ra, the administration'swa barworse than its bite.no we have the bite. the current tariffs that got escalated today were previouslyt thed to be 25%, so i guess you could say they be escalated a bit because they are at 20%. i don't know how to take on thin administraiven that it changes by the day. s yond the fact that there legitimate threat of tariffs, there are actual tariffs out there affecting the u.s. and european economy at tage of the game, but there is uncertainty -- like walking on eggshells or being aroun someone that is an alcoholic, very unpredictable, the trade policy, the way the execution of it has been is really starting to be corrosive at the margins. in the u.s. we have a boom
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economy, we are pouring a lot of money through tax cuts and more importantly through l surge in fedeending. that together is going to cover up the fact that we are undermining the competitivess of the economy with the tariffs and the retaliation, on the other side, the uncertainty of not knowing where to place your bets ampany, not knowing -- not being able to make the long-term investments, not knowing where your supply chain is going to be free and open. jane: given all the uncertainty, is this a case of who is going to blink first? diane: that is part of the problem, who is going to blink rst. we havseen some out of germany saying we are willing to drop the tariffs in germany. we don't know if the rest of the eu will go along with that, at least othe auto side. the auto tariffs would be the latest issue, auto parts. it would t h entire supply chain in the u.s. and it would hurt u.s. producers in the u.s. and foreign producers in the u.s. really there is a lack of understanding of how integrated and global the supply chain is at this age of the game.
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jane: it is quite extraordinary becanald trump seems to be taking on china, canada, mexico, and the eu. how likely is this to grow into ofglobal trade war? diane: we keep soracking caps off and saying that maybe it is a 20% chance, 30% chance. the problem is the closer we get and the actual tariffs we are seeing, the closer we are. is like a bad divorce. you don't want it to escalate, family feud -- i'm thinking ere -- butand mccoys it can rapidly escalate by simple tweets and hurt feelings on either side. it becomes loss-loss for both parties involved. because it is global in scope, you are talking about triggering a recession, not just in the u.s., but elsewhere. this could pull forward a recession into the united states into 2019 if we hit a fullra global war. not that far from it.
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jne: diane swonk, thank you very much indeed fning me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, keeping the peace in mali has proved a deadly mission. we are there to see the challenges troops face. french president emmanuel macron has compared rising anti-migrant sentimento prosy. it comes after a migrant rescue ship was turned away by malta andit italyhundreds of stranded migrants on board. the boat name to the aquarius, towards theack libyan coast. ee is ons gavin l board and filed this report. gavin: this is a view from the deck of the migrant rescue ship the aquarius.at it has been ouea since wednesday afternoon from the port of valencia, going towards
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the libyan coast, in an accident extraordinary week in which t italian government says they cannot come to sicily, and interior minister matteo salvini said they were not welcome in the ture because they were a taxi service. ship, the samer thing, the lifeline picking up migrants and the italians saying no as well. let me bring in anton, who has been the operations manager. tell me about effectively happens now and what happens next. big questions. >> we cannot reduce the capacitd on b 150 people maximum. italiansen you hit thesa that you are a taxi service for migrants, what do you say to that? >> of cose we are not a taxi service. we are here to provide an answer to people in distress. people are unsafe at sea. there is no proper rescue capacities, so ngo's are here to fill a gap and to provide
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medical rescue service to those people, nothing else. gavin: it is looking like it will be the earlyours of sunday morning that the ship will arrive. until the resolution is agreed between european leadese, there is ne of where the migrants could end up. jane: the peacekeeping mission in the west african mission of mali ranks as the most dangerous in the world. sincit began five years ago in the wake of an attempted takeover, 160 peacekeepers have been killed. at the same time, french and american special forces are trying to eliminate groups loyal to al qaeda and the islamic state group. our africa correspondent joined them in mali for the second of his two ecial reports.
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reporter: mali's ancient mosques and rich history brought many tourists to a place known for its religious tolerance. but now that is all in the past. both al qaeda and islamic stefi ghters are attacking military convoys. roadside bombs are being used to deadly effect. this is what is left of timbukte airport the french and united nations base there was attacked in april. one u.n. soldier wasd, another name added to the memorial in mali, the u.n.'s most dangerous peacekeeping mission. >> that is the problem to cope with, and we have to face that violence androtect ourselves, protect the mandat, the system, protect the civilians. reporter: nearly 14,000 people
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from almost 60 countries, all biion-dollar-a-year mission. their very presence creating a targ for jihadists. we joined a rare, heavily protected convoy risking roadside bombs to go out and meet community leaders. young people, security -- the u.n. team listed what they wanted to talk about. theyere trying to win people over, to see how they could help. but the elders wouldn't speak openly. the islamists are already among them. the kids don't play football. radios are silent. secular schools has been forced to close. radicalmi ext groups are operating in the whole area, but it is more complicated than that. there are centuries of tensions between etthic groups. economy is failing.d
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anere is no government in these areas because of the violence. that is a space that the regional and international forces are stepping into. france has 1000 troops here on a different counterterrorism mission. hestern nations are militarizing the desert to keeperror away from home, to counter a new al qaeda-backed coalition and the growing threat of the islac state. >> certainly with the collapse of the physical caliphate in iraq and syria, the foreign fighters that have moved to the caliphate are likely to go somewhere, and if they come vastatingt could be to the security situation across north africa. reporter: it is a vast and mplicated landscape. soldiers trying to bring peace, others here for more. war. the influence of the islamists is growing. jane: on sunday, history will be
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made in saudi arabia when women get behind the wheel. the deeply conservative kingdom is lifting its ban on women driving, one of a series of changes including the opening of cinemas after 30 years. human rights campaigners say the change is overdue and saudi women continue to be second-class citizens. from saudi arabia, orla guerin reports. : finally in the driving seat. saudi women still fully covered, but preparing to hit the open road. the tutor, who spent years in the u.k., provides plenty of reassurance. >> do you remember? you were terrified. w you can do it. it is easy. orla: the instructors here tell us that the waiting list at this driving school, so many women are anxious to come here so that they can finally gete road. this is a new image of saudi arabia, having women at the
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wheel. its a picture that the authorities are happy for the world to see. change he is tightly controlled. it is directed from the top, and it is the authorities who set the pace. especially the cwn prince, mohammad bin salman, whose image is hard to miss here. he is a self-styled reformer,hi but critics saen from view, there is a darker picture. leading campaigners like one seen here daring to break the driving ban are now behind bars, not behind the wheel. they were rounded up last month. >> this should have been a moment of celebration. instead, it is a bittersweet moment for the activists who have been fighting for this for rsree decades now. they are behind silenced or forced into self-exile. orla: but many saudi women are
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focused on new freedoms, and someone new wheels that for some heels. on new w when car shopping in the past,e ly check out the backseat. >> every time i bought a car, i had a tear in my eyes like i'm not going to be driving this, that it is the driver who havet the fiep on it. that used to break my heart. because it is my money, it is my car. i want to be the first one toro drive itthe showroom and back to the house. that never happened. and now it is happening. orla: the change here is not cosmetic. it is aimed at getting more men into the workforce a boosting the o-reliant country. saudi women hope it will also fuel the slow move towards equality. orla guerin, bbc news, riyadh. jane: still a long road ahead.
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remember, you can find more on all the day's news at our website. i'm jane o'brien.th ks for watching "bbc world news america." have a very good weekend. >> with the bbc news app, oural vertic videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, soip you can swe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-dahe with the latest adlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a visio we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. s trip away everything that stands in the way to reveal news poilities. at purepoint financial, we have
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designed our modern approach to oanking around you -- your plans, your, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening. i'm john yang. judy woodruff is awa on the newshour tonight: questions remain about the fate of minorseparated from their families after the trump administrationeverses its coroversial policy. next, women take the wheel legally for the first time this weekend in saudi arabia, the start of what is still a lon road for women's rights. then, an art museum in northwestern arkansas has brought a world-class collection to a region far from the country's traditional art centers. >> it's not making art-- any art accessible for all. it's making the best of american art available and accessible for all. >> yang: and it's friday. mark shields and david brooks analyze the white house's role in the immigration debate and

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