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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 25, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪bb >> this isworld news america."is >> funding of resentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and th we begin to chisel. stands in the way to reveal new
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possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, yeams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. a >>nd now, "bbc world news." one: this is bbc world news america, i am j'brien. harley davidson says it is moving some stores out of the s. president erdogan declares international observers ote.e objection to the understanding the migrant experience shapes our reity.
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how a new installation is changing perceptions of crossing the border. rswelcome to our vien public television and around the globe. when it comes to iconic america brands, me as close as harley davidson. when it comes to states helping president trump win the white house, wisconsin was k when they announced they are moving certain factories overseas because of the tariff standoff, it is a startling development inhe trade dispute. >> from the roar of the engine to the iconic image, harley davidson seemed designed to provoke a sense of americana. in the future, fewer of the bikes will be made ithe usa.
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wisconsin's best-known business has been targeted for tariffby the eu as part of the tit for tat trade skirmish started by president trump. although he said this, -- pres. trump: made in america. >> the company is looking to shift workers overseas. >> the european union is trying to punish u.s. workers because they have engaged repeatedly in unfair trade practides and the prt is saying enough is enough. we want a level playing field. >> when donald trump imposed steep tariffs on imports of steel and alumum, retaliation was expected. they are made in the heartland where the president has foh d support, wue jeans and bourbon. the glory days of easy riding
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have been left behind.s customer other countries e ve become more important. >> until you havbeen on a harley davidson, you have not been on a motorcycle. >> but just last weeey were warned that getting one of their bikes in europe would cost more. >> this ll have an impact on price. we will try to make it as painless as possible but no company can foot this ale. reporter: harley davidson says that it plans to absorb the extra cost of $2200 for each motorcle. that could amount to $100 million per year. but their longer-term land is worrying some president seems determined ng move ahead, even if it looks like america goi in alone. jane: for more on harley, i'm
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joined by david shepherdson. are we seeing the law of untended consequences? should the administration have seen this coming? david: ty were clearly prioritizing the production of steel and aluminum in imposing these tariffs on the eu and other u.s. allies, but we have already seen the first step which is that companies harley davidson are facing higher prices. the administration had to see that these large tariffs impos on friday, in response to the u.s. tariffs, were going to have an impact. maybe not as quickly as wasd announis morning, but this is not the last example of companies reassessing production. a lot of auto companies are do another trade action in the works. jane: arwe likely to see other auto companies follow harley davidson out of the country? david: certainly reassessing production. just this last week they have to respond to a deadline as the administration considers
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imposing new tariffs to all imported cars. when the eu proposed those tariffs, president trump threatened a new 20% tariff. these company's are looking at it, but it takes a long time. it takes years to move auto production from one company to another. -- one country to another. jane: is this something that harley was looking at doing anyway? david: we know that one of the reass that harley opted to build the new plant in thailand was the u.s. decision to withdraw from the tpp. the trans pacic partnership which would have created this free trade zone around the asian basin. all big companies are assessing risk. if you are only building vehicles in the u.s., there are a lot of countries with free trade agreements around the worlwhere it might be more advantageous to build.ja : is the auto industry being
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disproportionately affected? david: they are front and nter. that is one of the big areas that has drawn the ire ofum president mexico's big auto production, the fact that companies are buildi factories in mexico. auto is one of the greatest products where you have globally artegrated supply chain an at the most risk of tariffs given that a the companies assembling vehicles in the u.s. reply on parts from mexico, canada, and elsewhere. jane: even if the standoff ends tomorrow, how much damage to confidence has this dispute done? david: the jury is out but these mpanies are assessing -- do we maintain production? what do we do to diversify the? ri you have a lot of companies have assumed that free trade among nafta and new free agreements between the u.s. and the eu and
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japan would have come to force. even if this were unwound today, there would be long-term impacts of this and companies are looking for a way to minimize the risk. jane: president trump criticized ford and gm for moving to mexico. is there anything he could threaten harley davidson with? david: he could impo tariffs but they are trying to avoid this with outside markets. it doesn't appear there is anything in the short term othei than d the general ire of the administration. ef has been notably quiet today but probably not iitely. jane: thank you for joining me. we spoke too soon.
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we knew the administration would not be quiet for long. he has tweeted, surprised that itrley davidson would be the first to wave the flag. excuse. justn be patient. the administration confirmed this week that two military ses in texas would be used to temporarily house migrants who crossed the southern border illegally. it comes as the presidentin cos to say the current system is broken and more needs to be done to protect the border. pres. trump: the laws are obsolete. the laws are horrible in terms of security and taking care of people. kee laws have to be changed. jane: over the w, the president tweeted, "we cannot allow all of these people to invade our country. when someone comes in we must immediately with no judges or court cases bring them back from whe they can." earlier, i asked a legal professowhat rights those crossing actually have. >> in the united states
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constitution, under the fifth ammendment, it protects persons, not citizens. ccrues once you are in t territory. they do have due process rights. the tricky question is what constitutes due process? only about 50% of people here on undocumented status have hearings. there is a process called expedited deportations. that is for people are captureds within 100 mf the border and within a certain period of time. those people can be lawfully sent back without a hearing. the answer is, no, he can't simply negate the fifth amendment, but he does have authority for expediting deportations. jane: and we know that he enjoys using his executive orders to circumvent things. he did that wi halting the separation of families. rt-termthat only a s fix?
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why is it so easy? >> it is a difficult situation. he was not the firstad nistration to divide up families. president obama did so.fl thes decision that binds these cases came from a long litigation involving the obamaon administra dre difference is not the separation of ch from their families. it is the raw numbers. trump went to a criminal enforcement and civil enforcemt, the numbers are greater. jane: a quick bit of the other news. hospital officials say tha have died from their entries --te injuries afan explosion at the rally addressed by zimbabwe's president. almost 50 people were wounded including eight gove officials. the investigations are continuing.l internatio observers have criticized sunday's elections in
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turkey which rurned power to ofesident erdogan with 52 the vote. turkey's government says it was a fair campaign. president erdogan's victy means he will be able to an act sweepingo enact reforms that grant even more power. >> never before in a decade has election been so tight in turkey. president erdogan's supporters did not disappoint him. he held onto power despite a fierce opposition pres. n: one nation, one flag, one country, on state. for this, we will be one. reporter: the primary challenge he faces is just that -- minging the nation together. this country feelse polarized than ever. mr. erdogan is either despised or adored. he will assume sweeping new
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spowers such as pointing cabinet, vice president, and senior judges. that concerns the opposition. president dogan's main rival warned that turkey was entering a dangerous regi of one-man rule. he called on mr. erdogan to embrace the whole nation. >> mr. erdogan, from now on, please don't t like you are the leader of the akp. bring people together and be president for the 81 million i suggest you use my campaign slogan, "everyone's president."il reporter: he wl still be able to secure a majority with the help of the nationalist and hp party. since the failed coup in 2016, over00,000 public workers ha been dismissed or sacked from
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their posts, and more than 50,000 were arrested. the media here in turkey is controlled directly indirectly by the government. mr. erdogan is adamant that turkish democracy is stronand the huge turnout proved it. bbc news, istanbul. jane: for more on this situatior iny i am joined by joshua walcott. how significant is this victory? >> i think it is significant, ae lot of peopl protecting he might lose or go to the second round. this is a resounding v but what is the real surprise is what happened in parliament. we are not sure how it will work out but he controls both of these important bodies. janewhy does parliament matt when he has sweeping powers? >> for thentire history of the republic of turkey parliament has been the center of power. as they shifted toward an executive presidency, the parliament represents 99% of turkish voice. while everyone was elected by
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-- while erdogan was elected by 52%, the majority of the turki parliament -- akp only got 40%. erdogan outperformed his party significantly.: janeat do you make of these criticisms that the election was not fair? >> i think by all standards theh fact thaturkish media is completely controlled by the president's party and that the fiesident is the leader of a party makes it dlt to compete in a free and fair election. ee main opposition candid has conceded victory. there is not a mass protest against this. this president was legitimately elected. the question becomes, is the system itself -- is there a danger to the system too weak to continue functioning onward. jane: mr. erdogan is an increasingly less popular figure in the west. how will this affect his lationship with nato and the u.s.? >> i am afraid that this
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election result will only make things worse. i think that president erdoganha will go on a offensive. ween he goes to nato he will do everything to brinern leaders on his side. thhe needs them. economy is not doing well. that is the number one reason he was brought into power but the last couple months are not looking good. he needs western institutions to back him. because he is in a coalition with the ultranationalists, can he satisfy his domtic base without being more aggressive on the global stage to show turkey "i am a strong leader." jane: should western leaders the u.s. actually engage?>> have been arguing that this ci the right moment. up until now, esly after
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the failed coup, president erdogan has been going in one direction and western leaders and western press have had a field day at his expench has only infuriated the turkish population. even my turkish friends who did not vote for him really say you must respect our voice. washington needs to pay attention. even on strategic areas we continue to have major difficulties. this is an allnce that has been around for too long to let go so quickly. in some ways, what comes next will be even more important. jane: last week you had of congress saying turkey was actively trying to undermine u.s. interests. that doesn't sound like a relationship that will go far soon. >> when it comes to syria and the s-400's, and other areas, we are on opposite sides. at the same time, an alliance worth saving is one in which you can set clear red lines. saying, if you cross t lines, these are the consequences. i think president erdogan responds well to that. when you look at him and russia, they went from shooting down
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airplanes being best friends. jane: thank you for joining us. still to come on tonight's n tensionsa timehe are rising, prince william is to become the first brit royal to visit both israel and a palestinian territory. thailand, rising waters have forced rese workers to postpone their search for a group of youth soccer players who went missing saturday. are boys and their coach were trapped at a popave complex after flash flooding. the officials are holding out hope the group is stile. richard galpin has more. >> this photograph of the boys was taken by the coach shortly before ty went into the cave on saturday afternoon.
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since then, nothing has been heard. outside the entrance to the cave complex, their bikes and other belongings left after they set out for what should have been a fun adventure. instead, a major rescue operation is underway team reported to have found sandals and backpacks at one spot inside. the cave complex is in the far northern region. at this time of year, access to the cave is normally blocked because of thdangers caused by monsoon rains. for the relatives, this is day three of a harrowing weight for -- harrowing wait for news inside the cave. it is assumed that they became trapped by flooding. rising water levels in the cave are making it difficult for the rescue teams to search. elite navy divers have been brought in to help.
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havinge to dive fters underwater to reach the main chamber where they have discovered hand and footprints, teams willpehee. eventually find the missing children and their coati on the assu they moved further into the cave to escape the water. richard galpin, bbc enwsnews. jane: now to a first for britain's royals. prince william is ithe middle east to visit israel and the westank. what will this historic visit achieve? our correspondent sent this report from jordan where his tour began. it hadom become an
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y that needed to be corrected. that witha coury britaihad relatively good relations. the region -- yet for 70 years since its creation, there has never been an official visit by the royal family. the region's problems have meast the momentever deemed to be right. when the plane arrived, israel was removed fromhe diminishing list of nations to which the british royals don't travel. for all of the welcoming smiles, this visit has required a more unusual degree of care and one precondition. british officials made it clear from the outset that a visit to israel could only take place if william was also able to visit palestinian territories. it is intended to demonstrate britain's policy of evenhandedness between the israelis and palestinians. royal visits are all about symbolism. of all as the solemnity
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visit to israel, they will visit the palestinn territories to visit palestinian leadership. for william, it is a rapid immersion in the challenges of the middle east. his visit ben in jordan. royal sightseeing where his wife catherine was photographed,ge a four, with her family, there were meetings with refugee children from syria. the region's problems are complex. this week, william's diplomatic skills are being tested first hand. bbc news, jerusalem. jane: it is often said that youn cannot undersomeone until you walk a mile in their shoes. thanks to virtual reality, many in washington have been given the opportunity to see what it is like to be a central american or mexican refugee crossing the desert at night. the installation is the work of academy award-winning director alejandro arritu.
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first six minutes,isitorsre immersed in the experience. he spoke to us about the project and what he hopes people will take away. ♪ >> i think this is more about understanding humanity, not taking a political side. i am not an activist. it is a physical part -- art installation. a ttle bit of theatrics, a little bit of documentary. i interviewed 120 immigrants and what iteir stories and means to cross the desert. ani wrote the script based their stories and specific details. i put themogether. i want youo be physically impacted. you can move along the space and walking with people along the desert at the border of mexico and the itedtates in the sand. you can feel the sand. you are aligned with these
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unknown people, feeling eir experience sensorally and emotionally.ha never done vr. i am a filmmaker but i like the idea of challenging myself to do some new experience. as an immigrant to the united states and as a mexican, i felth compelled to d. in the world we are used to share everything, everything is about community, you take pictur and share it on social media, suddenly, i think there t. a mystery that is l the mysterious absence of art. i want people to go with no cell phones. this is your experience. you cannot share it with anybody else. you cannot buy it. you cannot own it.
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you cannot even describe it is difficulescribe what you saw, in a way, because it is weird.k i th is great that people have their own personal experience and they own it.ea that is in today's world. the emotions and the complexity of what those six and a half minutes create in people -- there is a transformative element that is deeper beyond any political part that is why i am inviting donald trump and all the people who make decisions about immigrants to at least undersnd and experience waht they -- what they hold true. he puts them in other people's shoes. vertical videos are designed to
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work around your lifestyle so you n swipe your way to the news othe day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursu solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrows rts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that
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stands in the way to rl new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. youromorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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y captioning sponsored newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the state of the immigration debate as congress prepes for votes and the president conveys his support for deporting undocumented immigrantwithout a court hearing. then, turkey's leader is re- elected to an even more powerful presidency. what this means for democracy in turkey and its relations with europe and the u.s. and protecting gun-owners with dementia. inside the difficult process of removing firearms from those in cognitive decline. >> i started thinking abouit that if he didn't know who i was, i felt that with those events happening it was safest to take the gun.


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