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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 25, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how dwe shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everythinghat
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stands in the way to reveal ne possibilitie at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is bbc world news america, i am jane o'brien. haey davidson says it is moving some stores out of the u.s. president erdogan declares international observers voice objection to the vote. understanding the migrant experience shapes our reality.
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how a new installation is changing perceptions of crossinh border. welcome to our viewers on public television andround the globe. when it comes to iconic american brands, few come as close as harley davidson. when it comes to states helping president trump win the white house, wisconsin was key. en they announced they a moving certain factories overseas because of the tariff standoff, it is a artling development in the trade dispute. ne from the roar of the en to the iconic image, harley davidson seemed designed to provoke a sense of americana. in the future, fewer of bikes will be made in the usa. wisconsin's best-known business
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has been targeted for tariffs b as part of the tit for tat trade skirmish started by president trump. although he said this, -- pres. trump: made in america. >> the company is looking to shift workers overseas. >>ghe european union is try to punish u.s. workers because they have engaged repeatedly in unfair trade practices and the president is saying enough is ough. we want a leveplaying field. >> when donald trump imposed steep tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum, retaliation was expected. they are made in theland ere the president has found support, with blue jeans and bourbon. the glory days of easy riding have been left behind.
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customers in other countriesre have become momportant. >> until you have been on a harley davidson, you he not been on a motorcycle. >> but just last week they were warned that getting one of their bikes in eope would cost more. >> this will have an impact on price. we will try to make it as painless as possible but no company can foot this alone. reporter: harley davidson says that it plans to absorb the extra cost of $2200 for each motorcycle. that could amount to $100 million per year. but their longer-term land is s worryie republicans. president trump seems determined to move ahead, even if it looks like america going in alone. jane: for more on harley, i'm joined by david shepherdson.
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are we seeing the law of unintended consequences? should t seen this coming?ave david: they were clearly prioritizing t production of steel and aluminum in imposing these tariffs on the e other u.s. allies, but we have already seen the first step which is that companies like harley davidson are facing the administration had to see that these large tariffs imposef day, in response to the u.s. tariffs, were going to hav. an imp maybe not as quickly as was announced this morning, but this is not the last example of companies reassessing production. a lot of auto companies are doing that given there is another trade action in the works. jane: are we likely to see other auto companies follow harley davidson out of the country? david: certainly reassessing k oduction. just this last wey have to respond to a deadline as the administration considers
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imposing new tariffs to all imported cars.en he eu proposed those tariffs, president trump threatened a new 20% tariff. these company's are looking at it, but it takes a long time. it takes years to move auto production from one company to another. -- one country t another. jane: is this sothing that harley was looking at doing anyway? david: we know that one of the reasons that harley opted to build thnew plant in thailand was the u.s. decision to withdraw from the tpp. the trans pacific partnership ed thisould have cre free trade zone around the asian basin. all big companies are assessing risk. if you are only buildi vehicles in the u.s., there are a lot of countries with free trade agreements around the world where it might be more advantageous to build. jane: is the auto industry being disproportionately affected?y
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david: te front and center. that is one of the big areas that has drawn the ire of president trump, mexico's big auto production, the fact that companies are building new factories in mexico. auto is one of the greatest prodts where you have global integrated supply chain and are at the most riskf tariffs given that all the companies assembling vehicles in the u.s. reply on parts from mexico, canada, and elsewhere. jane: en if the standoff ends tomorrow, how much damage to confidence has this dispute done? david: the jury is out but these companies are assessing -- do we maintain production?o what do to diversify the risk? o you have a lcompanies have grsumed that free trade among nafta and new freements between the u.s. and the eu and japan would have come to force.
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daen if this were unwound there would be long-term impacts of this and companies are looking for a way to minimize the risk. jane: president trumcriticized ford and gm for moving to. mexi is there anything he could threaten harley davidson with? david: he could impose new tariffs but they are try wg to avoid thh outside markets. it doesn't appear there is anything in the short term other than drawing the general ire of the administration. he has been notably quiet today but probably not indefinitely. jane: thank you for joing me. we spoke too soon.
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we knew the administration would not be quiet for long. he has tweeted, surprised that harley davidson would be the first to wave the white flag. excuse. just an bent pat the administration confirmed is week that two military bases in texas would be used to temporarily house migrants who crossed the southern border it cs the president continues to say the current system is broken and more needs to be done to protect the border. pres. trump: the laws are e obsolete. thlaws are horrible in terms of security and taking care of people. the laws have to be changed. jane: over the weekend, the president tweetelo "we cannot all of these people to invade our country. wh someone comes in we mus immediately with no judges or court cases bring them back from where they can." earlier, i asked a legal professor what rights those crossing actuay have. >> in the united states
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nstitution, under the fifth ammendment, it protects persons, not citizens. that accrues once you are in the territory.ey o have due process rights. the tricky question is what constitutes due process? only about 50% of people here on undocumented status have hear ags. there rocess called expedited deportations. that is for people are captured pthin 100 miles of the border and within a certaiod of time. those people can be lawfully sent back without a hearing. the answer is, no, he can't simply negate the fifth amendment, but he does have authority for expediting deportations. jane: and we know that he enjoys using his execute orders to circumvent things. he did that with halting the separation of families. why is that only a short-term fix?wh is it so easy?
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>> it is a difficult situation. he was not the first administration to divide up families. president obama did so. the flores decision that binds these cases came from a long litigation involving the obama administration. the difference is not the separation of children from their families. it is the raw numbers. trump we to a criminal enforcement and civil enforcement, the numbers are greater. jane: a quick bit of the o news. hospital officials say that two have died from their entries -- injuries after an explosionhe at rally addressed by zimbabwe's president. 5 almopeople were wounded including eight government officials. the investigations are continuing. international observers have critsized sunday's electi in
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turkey which returned power to president erdogan with 52% of the vote. turkey's gornment says it was a fair campaign. president erdogan's victory means he will be able to an act sweepingo enact reforms that grant even more power. >> never before in a decade has an election been so tight in turkey. president erdogan's supporterst did sappoint him. he held onto power despite a fierce opposition campaign. pres. erdogan: one nation, onetr flag, one co on state. for this, we will be one. reporter: the primary challenge he faces is just that -- bringing the nation together. this country feels more larized than ever. mr. erdogan is either despised or adored. whe will assume sweeping powers such as pointing his cabinet,ice president, and
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senior judges. that conces the opposition. president erdogan's main rival warned that turkey was entering a dangerous regime of one-man rule.le he con mr. erdogan to embrace the whole nation. >> mr. erdogan, from now on, please don't act like you are the leader of the akp. bring people together and be presid people.he 81 million i suggest that you use my campaign slo president."e's reporter: he will still be able to secure a majority with the help of the nationalist and hp party. since the failed coup in 2016, over 100,000 public workers have been dismissed or sacked from their posts, and more than
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50,000 were arrested. re in turkey is controlled directly or indirectly by the government. mr. erdogan is adamant that turkish democracy is strong and e huge turnout proved it. bbc news, istanbul.r jane: re on this situation in turkey i am joined by joshua walcott. igw significant is this victory? >> i think it isficant, a lot of people were protecting he might lose or go to the second round. this is a resounding victory but at is the real surprise what happened in parliament. we are not sure how it will work out but he controls both of these imrtant bodies. jane: why does parliament matter when he has sweeping powers? >> for the entire history of the republic of turkey, parliament has been the center of power. as they shifted toward an executive presidency, the parliament represents 99% of the turkish voice. whileveryone was elected by
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-- while erdogan was elected by, he majority of the turkish parliament -- akp only got 40%. erdogan outperformed his partyic signtly. jane: what do you make of thesea criticismsthe election was not fair? >> i think by all standards the fact that the turkish media is completely controlled by the deesident's party and that the president is the lof a party makes it difficult to compete in a free and fair election. the main opposition candidate has conceded victory. there is not a mass protest against is. this president was legitimately elected. the question becomes, is the system itself -- is ere a danger to the system too weak to continue functioning onward. jane: mr. erdogan is an increasingly less popular figurn he west. how will this affect his relationship with nato and the u.s.? >> i am afraid that this election result will only make
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things i think that pnt erdogan will go on a charm offensive. when he goes to natoll do everything to bring western aders on his side. he needs them. the economy is not doing well. that is the number one reason he was brought into power but the last cple months are not looking good. he needs western institutions to back him. because he is in a coalition ists, canultranation he satisfy his domestic base without being more aggressive on the global stage to show turkey "i am a strong leader." jane: should western leaders the u.s. actually engage? >> i have been arguing that thie isight moment. up until now, especially after the failed coup, president erdogan has been going in one
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direction and western leaders d western press have had field day at his expense which has only infuriated the turkish population. even my turkish friends who did not vote for him reallessay you mustct our voice. washington needs to pay attention. even on strategic areas we continue to have major difficulties. this is an alliance that has been around for too long go so quickly. in some ways, what comes next will be even more important. jane: last week you had members of congress saying turkey was tively trying to undermine u.s. interests. that doesn't sound like ati reship that will go far soon. >> when it comes to syria and the s-400's, and other areas, we are on opposite sides. at the same time, an ae worth saving is one in which you can set clear red lines. saying, if you cross these lis, these are the consequences. i think esident erdogan sponds well to that. when you look at him and russia, they went from shooting down airplanes to being best friends.
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jane: thank you r joining us. still to come on tonight's when tensionstime aree rising, princwilliam is set to become the first british royal to visit both israel and a palestinian territory. thailand, rising waters have forced rescue workers to postpone their search for a atoup of youth soccer players who went missingday. the boys and their coach were trapped at a popular cave complex after flash fl. the officials are holding out hope the group is still alive. richard galpin has more. >> this photograph of thbyboys was takehe coach shortly before they went into the cave on saturday afternoon.
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since then, nothing has been heard. cavide the entrance to the complex, their bikes and other belongings leftse after the out for what should have been a fun adventure. instead, a major rescue operation is underway with the team reported to havesa found ndals and backpacks at one spot inside. are cave complex is in the northern region. at this time of year, access to the cave is normally blocked because of the dangers caused by monsoon rains. for the relatives, this is day three a harrowing weight for -- harrowing wait for news inside the cave. it is assumedhat they became trapped by flooding. rising water levels in the cave are making it difficult for the rescue teams to searchna elity divers have been brought in to help.
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having to dive five meters underwater to reach whe main chambee they have discovered hand and footprints, but nothing else. teams willpe the eventually find the missing children and the coach on the assumption they moved further into the cave to escape the water. richard galpin bbc enwsnews. jane: now to a first for britain's royals. in william is in the middle east t visit israel and the west bank. what will this historic visit aceve? our correspondent sent this report from tordan where his began. it had become an
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anomaly that needed to be corrected. that witha country britain has had relatively good relations. the region -- yet for 70 years since its creation, there has never been an official visit by the royal family. the region's problems have meant the moment was never deemed to be right. when the plane arrived, israel was removed from the diminishing list of nations to which the british royals don't travel. for all of the welcoming smiles, this visit has required a more unusual degree of care and one precondition. british officials made it clear from the outset that a visit to israel could only take place ifi iam was also able to visit palestinian territories. it is intended to demonstrat' britais policy of evenhandedness between the israelis and palestinians. royal visits are all about symbolism. of all as the solemnity
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visit to israel, they will visit the palestinian territories to visit palestinian adership. for william, it is a rapid immersion in the challenges of the middle east. his visit began in jordan. royal sightseeing where his wife catherine was photographed age four, with her family, there rore meetings with refugee childrensyria. the region's problems are ths week, william'plomatic skills are being tested first hand. bbc news, jerusalem. jane: it is often said that you cannot understand someone until you walk a mile in their shoes. thanks to virtual reality, many in washington have been given the oprtunity to see what it is like to be a central american or mexican refugee crossing the desert at night. the installation is the work of academy award-winning director alejandro inarritu.
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first six minutes, visitors are immersed in the experience. he spoke to us about the project and what he hopes people will take away. ♪ >> i think this is more about understanding humanity, not taking a political side. i am not an activist. it is a physical part -- art installation. a little bit of theatrics, a little bit of documentary. i intervwed 120 immigrants and what itr stories and means to cross the desert. and i wrote the script based on their stordes and specific ils. i put them together. i want you to be physically impacted. you can move along the space and walking with people along the desert at the border of mexico and the united states in the sand. you can feel the sand. you are aligned with these unknown people, feeling their
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experience sensorally and emotionally. i have never done vr. i am a filmmaker but i like the idea of challenging myself to do some new experience. ca an immigrant to the united states and as a me i felt compelled to do this. in the world we are used to share everything, everything is about community, you take pictures and share it on social nk thereuddenly, i t is a mystery that is lost. the mysterious absence of art. i want people to go with no cell phones. this is your experience. you cannot share it with anybody else.yo cannot buy it. you cannot own it. you cannot even describe it. it is difficult to describe
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what you saw, in a way, because. it is we i think it is great that people have their own personal experience and they own it. that is great in today's world. the emotions and the complexity of what those six and a half thank you for joining me on bbc world news america. ♪ >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to rk around your lifestyle you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now fm selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundaon, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america' neglected needs,an purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow?
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it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our w mind, and thene begin to ytisel. we strip away everng that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning spowsored by ur productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the state of the immigration date as congress prepares for votes and the president conveys his support for deporting undocumented immigrants without a court hearing. then, turkey's leader is re-d elec an even more powerful presidency. what this means for democracy in turkey and its relations with europe and the and prng gun-owners with dementia. inside the difficult process of removing firearms from those in cognitive decline. t i started thinking about it that if he didn'know who i was, i felt that with those events happening it was safest to take the gun. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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