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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  June 29, 2018 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >>oodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> ( translated ): imagine, making the decision to separate from our entire family to find a better life, and, once i get, heey separate my family even further. >> woodruff: we follow one family as it struggles with separation, and talk to white house legislative affairs director marc short about th trump administration's immigration policy and the looming battle to fill justice anthony kennedy's pl the supreme court. then, the annapolis community responds to the deadly shooting at its local newspaper, and remembers those who died. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks consider the supreme court vacancy, immigration and aoc surprise dtic primary upset.
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all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour h been provided by: >> consumer cellular understands that not everyone needs an unlimited wireless plan. our u.s.-based customer service reps can help you choose a plan based on how much you use your ngphone, nothing more, not less. to learn more, go to consumercellular.tv >> financial services firm raymond james. >> leidos. >> the ford foundation. working with visionari on the frontlines of social change worldwide. >> and with the ongoing support
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of these institutions: and friends of the newshour. >> this program ibs made po by the corporation for public broadcasting.ib and by conions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: president trump now says he plans to announce his nominee for the u.s. supreme court on july 9, one week om monday. he spoke to reporters today, as he flew from washington to his c gob in bedminster, new jersey, for the weekend. the president said he has already narrowed his choices to five to seven finalists, and that two are women. he said he will not ask the candides if they would erturn "roe v. wade," the 1973 decision that legalized
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abortion. the state supreme court of iowa has struck down a law that women wait three days before getting an abortion. the court found the law violates the ste constitution, and could make abortions unobtainable. state justice edward mansfield dissented. he is on the president's list of potential u.s. supreme court nominees. the man accused of shooting five people to death at a maryland newspaper was denied bail today. jarrod ramos faces murder charges. ficials say he had had a long vendetta against the "capital gazette" in annapolis. w atte house event today, president trump said the newspaper attack was "horrific." >> this attack shocked ther conscience of tion and filled our hearts with grief. journalists, like all americans, should be free from the fear of
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being violently attacked while eir job. >> woodruff: in the past, the president haroutinely branded reporters as "enemies of the people." we will have a full report onli the annashooting and its aftermath, later in the program. the u.n.'s "international organization for migration" today snubbed president trump's- pick for direcneral. ken isaacs faced criticism that u.s. immigration policies were too harsh, and that his online postings were anti-muslim. members of the i.o.m. elimined isaacs in the early rounds of voting in geneva. a portuguese candidate ultimately won. it is only theecond time since 1951 that an american won't be leading the group. in syria, a new refugee crisis is exploding, government forces assault rebels in the southwest.ow u.n. officialsay the fighting has driven 160,000 civilians from their homes. the israeli military said today
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that it delivered 60 tons of aid and medicine to refugees on the golaights, but, they will not be allowed to enter israel. a fededge in washington today blocked the state of kentucky requirements for medicaid recipients. the judge today said that no consideration was given to the oestimated 95,000 people would lose benefits as a result. kentucky was the first state to impose the work requirements. canada has announced tariffs totaling $12.6 billion on u.s. steel and aluminum, plus ketchup, lawnmowers and whiskey. they take effect july first, in retaliation for u.s. tariffs. meanwhile, china formall announced that it is easing limits on foreign ownership of chinese auto plants, insurance and other sectors. and, wall street closed out the week with modest gains. thgedow jones industrial ave was up 55 points to close at
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24,271 today. the nasd rose six points, and the s&p 500 added two. for the quarter, the dow gained just over half a percent. the nasdaq rose 6% the s&p 500 added nearly 3%. still to come on the newshour: a 17-year-old immigrant's struggle to reunite with his father.th e white house legislative affairs director aboutat immin and the supreme court. the late the "capital gazette" newsroom. and, much more. >> woodruff: this week, a federal judge barred the separaon of immigrant children from their parents and ordered those currently detained to be reunited with their es within 30 days. that ruling followed president trump's executive order earlier this month that said the
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administration would stop separating families, but had not put a timeline in placwhen families would be reunited. newshour white house correspondent yamiche alcindor reports on why many families are ill searching for answer >> alcindor: it's been more than a month since 17-year-old omar has seen his dad. >> ( translated ): no one explained anything to me, if i could be with him, or see him. i was justaiting for days, thinking, about how i could be with him. >> alcindor: omar, wuested we not use his real name, and his father fled honduras in late april, leaving behind omar's mother and three siblings, hoping to support them financially from the u.s. >> ( translated left because i couldn't do anything there. my dream is to work. i want to have a better position. i'm the oldest of four siblings, there's no school near me, andis the routery dangerous. many people die on the road. >> alcindor: on may 16, omar anc his dad wered up near
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mcallen, texas, just hours after illegally crossing into the u.s. immigration agents immediately separated them. did you know before you crossed fae border that you might be separated from youer? >> ( translated ): no, i didn't .know we could be separat at first, i didn't know anything about what happened to him. i didn't hear anythim him. no one explained anything to me, if i could be with him, or see him. i was just waitinginor days, ng alone. >> alcindor: omar wept as he explained what happened next. t he speee weeks being shuttled between two windowls cells, and a shelter housing underage migrants. they were similar to these facilities photographed by the departments of homeland security and health and humanervices. >> ( translated ): all of the kids cried because they were told that their parents were going to be deported. they were all crying. all of them.r: >> alcinhile the most dramatic scenes are playing out across the u.s.-mexico border, all across the cntry, in neighborhoods like this one in maryland, many families remain
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desperate for answers. that includes omar's aunt jenny. she is also undocumented and asked not to be identified. after jenny was told by omar's mom that omar had beenis separated fromather, she urged his mom in honduras to have him call her. then, u.s. immigration officials called. >> immediately, they called me from where he was and told me, you're related to him, we have your nephew and we need someone to sponsor him. >> alcindor: jenny says she decided to sponsor omar, even though she knew it was risky. she must be fingerprinted an undergo a background check. as part of a new trump administration rule implemented earlier this month, that information is now shared with immigration enforcement.ar you afraid that the information that you provided in order to sponsor your nephew might be useto deport you now? >> ( translated ): yes, i'm afraid. i'm afraid. don't know what's going happen. i'm thinking about my immigration case, but because he is mnephew, i can't abandon
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him. for me, my nephews are like my first sons. i li for them. >> alcindor: omar's case and jenny's dilemma are not unique. sont 900 unaccompanied immig children were released to sponsors in maryland between october 2017 and april 2018. about 90% of the sponsors helany sinkler has met are undocumented. sinkler runs the family reunification program at esperanza center, an immigrant resource group funded by the catholic charities of baltimore. >> we get at least one individual a day saying, how will this affect me? willomething like that happe to me? i'm worried about my family here, i'm worried about myer children >> alcindor: sinkler says workers are honest about the danger. >> we don't make any false promises to our sponsors. we don't say things like, it's going to be okay, nothing bad will happen to you, because frankly we don't know. we don't know how the information will be used in the future. >> alcindor: according to johnse cohen, a formeor official
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at the department ofand security, sponsors like jenny have rsons to be worried,. >> the aunt has every reason to be concerned that, now that she's now that she's identified herself, that she could be subject to removal. >> alcindor: cohen also questions how much planning andi coordi went into president trump's "zero tolerance" policy. and, he's skeptical federal agencies are equipd to match each and every child with their families. >> if they were not fully prepared to implement this program when the program began, that could cause real problems, as far as being able to connect or reunite children who were separated om their parents, going forward. >> alcindor: like his aunt, omar also faces a very uncertn future, but last week, he finally got to talk to his dad during a ten-minute phone call. his father is now being held at a facility in new mexico, and has hired a lawyer. but, the teen has no idea when they will see each other again. >> ( translated ): i feel bad because i would li him to be with me. imagine, making the decision to separate from our entire family to find a better le, and once i get here, they separate my
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father even further. >> alcindor: deported, omar may have to hire a lawyer to plead his own case. in the meantime, jennys supporting omar and her own five-year-old daughterngy cleaouses. >> ( translated ): he's just starting his life. i'm worried because i want him to lose the opportunity to go to school and study. he has dreams, and i think i'mr no lonre to realize mine. i try to live to realize their dreams. >> alcindor: omar wants to one day become a computer engineer. but for now, he's not sure if he'll go to schooln the u.s. come fall or return to honduras. for the pbs newshour, i'm yamiche alcindor outside baltimore, maryland. woodruff: how will the trump administration respond to the court order to reunite immigrant families separated at the border? and what is the president's process for naming a new supreme court justice? marc short is the white house director of legislative affairs and has some of those answers. welcome back to the program. >> thank you, judy.
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>> woodruff: marc short, why are the youngeople lie omar the 17 we saw in yamiche's story still held separate from their parents, over a week after the president said the policy should end? >> the polry the pesident signed by executive order is moving forward. keep in mind the excutive order pretty much provides time for congress to fix this. when you had m on your ow a couple of weeks ago i said it is a binary choe and that remains true that you either let families come into the count unfettered which continues to create a bigger problem or separate them at the border. we don't want to separate them at the border, but the problem is there's a law that says after 21 tas the chldren must be le go. so your choice is let children and paretes go into the u states and therefore it only increases the problem of morehi and more ldren being pushed across the border. we feigned of the 2,000 you're talking about in your story, additionally in that samtime period, 10,000 unaccompanied children came across the border,
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many sexually, physicallyd abuse by human traffickers who pushed them across the border. when they coe through a port of entry and claim asylum, they've always been kept to the circumstances in your story are only those crossing the border illegally an notming through a port of entry. >> woodruff: i would love to see those numbers because we haven't been able to establish the numbers you just cited about unaccompanied children. we are hearing so many stories about children not reunited. how much of is the fact that government agencies just don't know how to find parents and children who belong together? >> the separation of parents and nhildren has actually bee happening for quite some time, judy, an what's always been the case is the children weroften removed and put into h.h.s. custody because there are concern in many cas they were being trafficked and not actually with a parent. so the process is they get put in foster ca or putgether with a family member first. so there is a process for unifying. the reason in many cases they haven't been to date isecause the adult dolt who kim across
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the border illegally is still if the proceseing adjudicated and still is inarcerated probably. >> woodruff: does the president still believe the original decision six weeks ago to separate fmilies at the border is a mistake. >> we need congress to provide clarity. the executive order provided a temporary reprieve but ght now the law does not enable us todo - >> woodruff: excuse me for interrupting. congress has gone home for the july 4th recess. there's no suggestion they were able to come together on this. in the meantime, is it the administration's responsibility to figure it out?no >> coming hat given us the tool to. the law says within 21 tas the child must be release. so the choice is release the child and the parents together or separate the children from e parents when they come across illegally. those are the two choices we fails. >> woodruff: so child separation is still happening is what you're saying? >> n s the presidegned the
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e.o. that provided another 21 days. we need congress to act. at that pointowe'll come back ,here we were a coupl cup weekso do you want open borders where children used as inceptive to get pants in the country, or do you want a system where there is prosecution for coming across illegally. again if they come into a port. entry and claim asylum they're always kept together if they come in the way they're supposed to. >> w tdruff: let's turn to supreme court, justice kennedyn. stepping do the president said he's narrowed the list to five to seven peopn, he plans to see oe or two of them this weekend. who is he seein >> judy, i can't tell you exactly who he's seeing but thee american people know who's on the list. i think this is the most transparent process ever, when the president put forward a list of the 21 candidates he's considering, expanded to25 during the transition, but it's a very public list we provideo all americans. you know the list the
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president's choosing from. i think that was one of thef factors any comfortable in supporting the president fo election because to have the quality of candidates he put forward. >> woodruff:emocrats are not only concerned he will choose coop served but choose someone even more conservative than justice kennedy a will choose someone who will, if not overturn roe v wade,will try to undermine it. what dohe president want their position to be on e v wade. >> he does not have a litmus test on roe v wade.u n look at the quality of the candidates put forward. 136 judges nominated for district and circuit court andow he type of candidate the president will put forward. what i find disturbing is democrat senators have already come forward and said it doe matter who he names, we're opposed. it doesn't seem like democratic president when they're basically saying, doesn't matter who, we all need to be opposed, no matter what,
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don't allow the person a chanc oftime, to review for hredentials, already statements from democrats on record saying we're opposed no matter what. >> woodruff:ar sepely, a story in the "new york times" said the white house has been pressuringustice kennedy for the last year and a half to feel comfortable stepping down this year, that it submitted private relationships between trump and kennedy famappointed friends of justice kennedy to other justice posyoitions, how o answer that? >> the reality is justice kennedy has served our countr nobody. he's 82 years old, served on the court 31 years, i think to be surprised he stepped aside and rered is kind of foolish. the reality is we were unaware as to when he wouldhakeis decision. we appreciate his service, the president looks forward to nominate a qualified candidate to replace him. >> woodruff: yo you are saying o pressure. >> no. >> woodruff: the economy, trade policy, general motors has
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becomehe latest company to say if the president moves forward with tariffs, ulcod backfire, leading to bad in cutting wages, higher prices for cars, how will the white house de with this as more mpanies expresses concerns about thes. tari >> the president basically said let's get rid of all tariffs an trade barrir all of us. they were unable to accept that. right now the tariffs we face in exporting products are significantly greater than those put on companies tryg to import products into the united states. the president is trying to level the playing field and have reciprocity on the tariffs: >> woodruff: the president has offered referredo th press in this country as ten my of the american people. is he going to continue to say that? >> judy, i think he's often frustrated by coverage and the way at it's perceived, i don't know if he's going to continue
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to use those words or not bu i think we all mourn the loss of innocent life in annapolis and hold the families in our prayers and wish as much healing as possible. >> woodff: do you agree the press are the enemy of the american people? >> judy, i believe the press has a responsibility to make sure they're covering things as accurately as they can and a entialnd fair press is ess to american democracy. >> woodruff: marc short, executive officer of legislative affairs, thank you. >> thanks for having me, judy. ta >> woodruff:with us. coming up on the newshour: europe's plan to address its migrant crisis. mexico votes-- the populist frontrunner in that country's presidential election.ds plus, mark shind david brooks analyze justice kennedy's retirement, and the rest of the week's news. and now, the aftermath of the
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murders in maryland's state capital. amna nawaz has our story. >> nawaz: a day after the mayhe" at thepital gazette" in annapolis, faces of the five victims headlined the front page. the man accused of killing them, 38-year-old jarrod warren ramos, was charged with five counts of first-degree murder, and orderet held witond. m ramos is alleged to have executed a brutal series of attacks on innocent victims. >> nawaz: officials say e suspect opened fire on the paper's newsroom, with a pump- action shotgun. state attorney wes adams says the alleged gunman had made sure no oneould get out: >> there were two entrances to the offices in which this attack occurred. the rear door was barricaded. mr. ramos then, as i told the judg entered into the front door and worked his way through the office. >> nawaz: hours after the
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attack, staff writer, selene san felice, recalled the terror of >> i remember i was working at my desk when i heard the shots, and it took a couple of them fo mealize what was happeninth i went tback door which i was only a couple steps away from, and it was locked. i heard the footsteps. >> nawaz: police got there within a minute, and say they found ramos hiding u desk. the accused gunman had long-held a grudge against the "capital gazette." he sued for defamation over a ty2011 column about his gu plea to criminal harassment, but he lost his appeal in 2015. anne arundel county's police chief timothy tomare says mos also harassed newspaper employees on social dia. >> in may of '13, we did have a situation where online threatening comments were made. it was discussed that the "capital gazette" did not wish to pursue criminal charges. there was a ar that doing so uld exacerbate an already- flammable situation.
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>> nawaz: the chief says there were new postings laly. last night, investigators checked on those and other evidence as they searched the suspect's apartment in laurel, maryland. edey say one thing is clear: >> this was a targttack. the fellow was there to kill as many people as he could get. >> nawaz: in the wake of the carnage, the "capital gazette's" editorial page said simply, "today, we are speechless." the newspaper also paid tribute to its slain staffers. rob hiaasen, 59 years old and assistant managing editor, remembered as a "wrylyob rvant" writer who mentored young journalists.r- 65-yd wendi winters, dubbed "the heart of the newspaper," hanna talent for ting with the community as orecial publications editor. those who workedim said editorial page editor gerald fischman's "quirky, low-key demeanor belied a biting sense of humor." he was 61. john mcnamara, age 56, was nicknamed mac, and remembered for "flexibility, concise
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writing and extensive knowledge of regional sports." rebecca smith, the paper ported, was a 34-year-ol sales assistant, and known as thoughtful, kind and considerate. flowers and stuffed animals left in their memories began to amass today, ahead of a vigil tonight. the grieving staff a newspaper still put out today's edition, and are ctinuing to work again today. as one reporter put it, "i don't know what else to do." terrence smith is a contributing columnist for the "capitol gazette," and was a longtime correspondent here at the newshour. he lives in annapolith terrencek you so much for being here. we are all so very sorry for you and your colleagues' loss. >>ell, it's an incredible shock. you do not expect it. you do not think, in a news room, that somebody's going to come in and shoot the place up, and maybe we should. maybe we all should, but we didn't, and i think the capital
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made a point, and you sort of suggested inhe setup piece, of increasing i connection to the community by being open having no wall, so to speak, between the office and community. was that risky? we didn't think so. >> it's a remarkable position for a journalist to be in to have to cover the ki of your own colleagues. i want to ask you about the editor you mentioned because he was tweeting about those colleagues there, he wrote about them, they givle al -- give all they have every day, there are no 40-hour weeks, no big py days, just a passion for telling stories from our community. for folks who've never been ere or met some ofese people, tell me about the place ofe th capital gazette in that community. >> it has a very close connection to the co keeps it up and works at it.
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it was founded or its origins back to 1727, so almost 300 years ago, and it was a pre-revolutionary, rebellious newspaper that continues to this day, and they work at thaton connecto the community. they cover local politics, local debates, news, local sports, local anything, and give it precedence, as they should, and, azingly, in this day and age, of newspapers collapsing all around us, i makes money. how about that? >> you knew two of the individuals who were killed yesterday. >> i knew four of them, butwo especially well. gerald fishman, i filed every column. i wrote for theast four yers wonderful guy, very quiet, unassuming, biting wit, beautiful writer, you can read about him. go to theapolis online and
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they did wonderful profiles today of these people. robert hiaasen, another associate editor and columnist, very witty, big man, six-five, is the brother oa columnist, very engaging. his column delt not with politics and big issues but with the foibles of life we all confront. >> what do you want people out there to know out that team that you get to work with there? >> i was likely impressed with what they produ ad todd probably will produce morro and they were sending a message, you know, and it's a very clear message, and i endorse that mess le -- you cant a shooter, in this case, one, who as you said in the setup piece,
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had a long-running grievous with the pap was a dangerous -- obviously they didn't think he was them costible danger that he proved to be, otherwise the police and they would have done something about it but they thought about it, he was on the radar. but i think th paper's performance in the wake of this is their most extraordinary testimonial. they'll keep at it. this isn't fakws. this is not the enemy of the people. th>> terrence smithk you so much for being with us today. >> my pleasure. >> woodruff: whilehe u.s. grapples with migrants coming to the u.s.-mexico border, european leaders continue theirtruggle with the far bigger influx of refugees and migrants landing oi
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shores from the middle east, africa, and beyond.am as wilrangham reports, the compromise e.u. leaders forged last night leaves many questions unanswered. brangham: after a marathon, all-night summit in brussels, leaders from the eagopean union reed to create formal centers to process migrants trng to enter europe. german chancellor angela merkel applauded the deal. >> ( translated ): after intensive discussion on perhaps the most challenging topic for the european union, it's a good meage that we agreed on a common text. >> brangham: michael peel covered the meeting for the "fincial times." >> it calls for centers within e.u. countes where migrants can essentially be redistributed and their asylumlaims processed, and then they move on from there. and e idea there is to take some of the pressure off the so- called front line mediterrann states, where most migrants arrive from, from north africa.
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>> brangham: but late last tight, any agreement seemed in jeopardy, amid com, stark differences among the leaders, and a growing, ai-immigrant sentiment in europe. italy's newly elected prime minister, giuseppe conte, wasep swt to power in part by concern over the hundreds of thousands of migrants who've entered italy in recent years. italy wanted other e.u. nations to prose to take more of the refugees who land on its shores. but others in central and eastern europe, like hungary's victor orban, rejected any formal quotas for accepting migrants. orban has for years argued that migrants from the middle east and africa are a threat to his nation, and to europe more broadly. >> ( translated ): the mostse ial goal is preserving the security of hungary and securing the future of christian culture in europe. >> brangham: michael peel says nations like hungary and the czech republic wouldn't have emgned any deal that set binding requirements on >> that tells us a lot about the deep divisions in the e.u. about how to deal with migra
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beuse this is something th italy in pticular, as well as other mediterranean states, where most migrants arrive, did not want. they wanted the compulsory mechanism to force all couheries in t e.u. to share the burden and share the responsibility. but there are some states in thd e.u., ing notably hungary and other central european states, who simply refuse to do that. >> brangham: germany's angela timerkel is facing a domesc political revolt that threatens r political survival. gee has staunchly advocated for migrants enterinany, and it's unclear if this agreement will quell that fight. merkel did inst language into the deal that gets e.u. nations to agree to combat what's known as "secondary migration.gr that's when ts arrive in one country and apply for asyl, but then migrate to other e.u. countries. concern over that second step has been one of main complaints of merkel's domestic opponents.
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>> angela merkel can say that she got something from this summit. the italian government could sao that he got mething from this summit. but the price of cobbling together this agreement in they eaurs of the morning was that it has left a lot of things very vague.ry there are ew actual obligations to carry through in this agreement. and so, critics say this is simply kicking the can down the road. anthis is not a long term solution. >> brangm: while the number of migrants trying to enter europe has declined since its peak in 2015, thousands still try the dangerous journey every month,r and thights will no doubt continue to roil european politics. for the pbs newshour, i'm william brangham. >> woodruff: on sunday, mexicans go to the polls for the largest election in that country's
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history. 3,400 local, state, and federal positions are up for grabs, including the presidency. mexico is the leading source of immigrants entering the u.s.s latin americcond-largest economy, and america's third- largest trading partner. but despite mexico's tense relationship with president trump, the campaign there has focused almost entirely on domesticssues. and, as foreign affairs correspondent nick sch reports, the leading candidate is tapping into widespreadr. an >> reporter: in mexico's largest stadium, full of more than 70,000 adoring fans, the man expected to be mexico's next president described this moment as a tannsformation. és manuel lópez obrador, widely known by his initials, "amlo," has been critid as a radical and wannabe messiah. he prefers to label himself a political savior. >> ( translated ): our triumph must be convincing. it will be a historical event. the victory of an entire people will be carried out in the face
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of the immorality and decadence of recent times. >> reporter: 70-year-old alicia sepulveda'been rooting for lo for decades. in 2006, she protested on his hehalf after the first tim ran, and lost, for president. she believes this time, the third time, is the charm. >> he brings one thing that we have lost, which is hope. >> reporter: that's the same message from the top deck, and 28-year-old lourdes with her daughters. lourdes is a housecleaner and single mom, and believes only lópez obrador would lift her family up. >> ( translated ): groceries and economic support, lowered rent, scholarships for my two daughters. that's whahe's promised. that way we can get ahead. >> reporter: that's lopez obdor's main message: overturning the system, reducing ment expenditures, and redirecting money that he saysrr tion stole, to the poor. >> ( translated ): our government will attend to all,t ve preference to the poor. in a society as unequal as ours,
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it is almost impossible toac achieve without justice and well-being. >> reporter: he's been a politician for decades. after his 2006 loss by less than a percent, he and hundreds of thousands of protestors occupied pofarexico city, and called for an "alternative government.n he lost again 012. but this election, he's not only mobbed by crowds in poorer and rural areas-- he's expanded his popularity to cities and the middle class by zeroing in on asvernment corruption. he inhabits and uns, what has become a national rage atta the esishment. >> ( translated ): we're going up against the mafia of power. they're sneaky. they don't want to stop robbing. d they don't want to los >> this is an election in which anger is more important than fear or inspiration. >> reporter: denise dresser a mexican author and political scientist. she says lopez obrador's popularityas nothing to do with mexican anger at president trump's policies--
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>> they're bringing drugs, they're bringing crime. they're pists. >> reporter: ...from his campaign announcement, to criticms on trade, to his accusation mexico helps refugees reach the u.s. border. >> they walk through mexico like they walk through central park. it's ridiculous. >> reporter: instead, this moment is about mexican anger at mexican >> people are so upset with the ruling party, with corruption,wi crony capitalism, with soaring ineqrtlity, with po and with the economicas model thateen in place in mexico over the past 20 years, which has failed to deliver. >> reporter: to unrstand those failures, there's an area of mexico city called iztalapala, where green hilltops lead to a dense, poor neighborhood of two million... hola, buen dia. ...where we met 42-year-old blanca estela ceja. she lives here with her entireg family, includr 15-year- old son, and for the last three years, nearly every time she turns on the tap, it's been dry. >> ( translated ): we have to buy water that is trucked in when there's a shortage in order
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to survive.or >> repr: on her roof, she stores the water she buys. this is not a product of poverty. it's punishment for not supporting the party in power. if she did, she says, the local government would givher cheaper water. how unfair do you think this system is? >> ( translated ): to me, it's unfair because water is a basic necessity. here, some politicians manipulate that. they've been here as part of the government and they haven't solved anything. each day the problems get rse. >> reporter: and lopez obrador has converted those problems, into support. who will you vote for? >> ( translated ): for lópez obrador.st he undds our problems. he's come here and when he's come he's supported us a lot, we think he's more hon >> reporter: that's because allegations of corruption dog the current government, led by politicians from the ruling p.r.i. party. in chihuahua, former governor césar dute's been accused of
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embezzlement. in tamaulipas, former governorrn eugenioández's been indicted for money-laundering. mexican president enrique peña nieto's wife bought a $7 million house from a builder who received contracts from her husband. skd in veracruz, governor javier duarte's accused oming up to $3 billion of public money, and replacing children's chemotherapy with water. >> i know people are ary because of these examples, and i tell them, i know you're angry. you should be angry.or we areangry. >> reporter: claudia ruiz maalieu is the secretary gen of the ruling p.r.i., or institutional revolutionary party, and mexico's former foreign secretary. the p.r.i. candidate, jose antonio meade, is double digits behind lopez obrador. do you understand why peoplegh say that you don't understand voters' anger? angr we do not live as we would like.
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we would like families to live better. to have thee peop opportunity to walk in the streets and feel safe. >> reporter: but that security is exactly what the p.r.i. and government failed to deliver. in the last 12 yeaco, since mexi declared its war on drugs, more than 250,000 people have been murdered, and 34,000 people have vanished. and this election season, that violence unleashed itself on politician asre than 100 have been killed-- including one thataking a selfie-- and after he promised rthe would combat a local , was shot in the head. >> we haven't had this kind of violce in a hundred years, since the revolution. >> reporter: historian and ue krauze says the solution to endemic violence is police and justice system institutional reform, not the amnesty that amlo promises to give low-level criminals. , and i sincerely don't think he has the knowlede understanding, the patience, of what institutions are for. >> reporter: running in distantl second, nationction party or p.a.n. candidate ricardo anayays
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sae does have a plan to fix institutions. at 39, he's the youngest presidential candidate in mexico's modern era, and has never n for national office. but he's still being rejected as a member of the elite, admits p.a.n. strategic adviser and former foreignecretary jorge castañeda. >> he was a party president. he was a congressman. he was president of e congress. he is partly seen still as part of the mexican political elite, and that political elite is ly discredited. >> reporter: amlo presents himself as anti-elite, and living humbly. he flies cch, and vows to get rid of the presidentias plane. but hicritics say his social programs are unaffordable, and if he wins, and his party wins control of congress, he will rule without a check. >> he's going to have a death star. he's going to have a lot of power-- which we don't know if he's going to use for good or for ill, and it's going to be up to mexican institutions: to the
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media, to the supreme court, to oe opposition parties and civil society, to erect barriers. >> absolute power has proven, in any way through history to be disastrous for any country and i absolutely fear that amlo will have something very close to absolute powe >> reporter: but today, his campaign manager, tatiana clouthier, argues amlo's a changed man with a new slogan: amlove. >> ( translated tell him, smile more, smile more. you don't need to be so rude on certain things. and i think he will learn to use that personal humor that he uses one-to-one. he has been able to put it out toward the people. >> reporter: amlo posts lighthearted youtube videos, and during a debate when ricardo anaya approached, he joked, he
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needed to hide his wallet. his supporters say the softer side is stylistic and substantive. as mexico city's mayor, he governed pragmatically. he promises dialogue with the u.s. but he and his campaign still describe themselves as launching a movement. >> i believe it would be a situation similar tone you lived in the united states, the moment that barack obama was elected, in the sense that peopleere able to open their ears and open their eyes to see the world dierently. f >> reporter:or almost a century, mexico's only known two establisent parties-- until this sunday, when islo prom a transformation, and mexico heads into the unknown. for the pbs nehour, i'm nick schifrin in mexico city.
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>> woodruff: and now we turn to the analysis of shields and brooks. that is syndicated col mark shields, and "new york times" columnist david brooks. gentlemen, welcome. big news, e equivalent of an earthquake, i guess, in washington, political earth wake. what does it mean anthony kennedy is stepping down from the supreme court? what does it mean for the court, the city, the country? >> it's significant. let me say god likbe donald trumuse she has now given him a second appointee to the s supreme courmething that barack obama, in eight years, got two, bill clinton in eight years got two, george w. bush in eight years got two. he's getting two in 18 months. anthony kenne is getting much praise, in large part, judy, two sources. one, he was a gentleman. he was considerate to those around him. there was no personalizing or polarizing to him, and that is welcome and refreshing in this washington. but the second thing is he was a liberal on individual rights and
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issues. he was not on economic issues. he always came down on the side of corporations agauminst cos and the side to the employer against the boss and he wrote probably the worst opinion, in my judgment, in the history of american politics of e campaign, letting corporations to make unlimited campaign contributions and allowing the gushing of water of money into campans. but he will -- he has been a key vote on capital punishment, on a whole host of issues including gay marriage, and ratifyingro v wade. so, in that sense, the nominee will be to the right of him, and it will, perhaps, energize republicans who were not energized about 2018. >> woodruff: how do you see his legacy?
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>> first, it struck me a lot of my progressive friends are reacting like losinkennedy is like losing franklin roosevelt, like suddenly they're a on his side, which is odd to me because in most hissi des he voted very solidly with the conservatis, but shows the prominence of two issues for the progressives which is abortion and gay marriage, and shows how the social issues motivate people these days. i would characterize him as a pricpragmatic libertarian, tend emphasdividual rights and freedoms, and sometimes went a little right or left, but tnded be an individualistic mindset which had god virtues. i thought it generally weakened any sense of community and shared nation because his world view was so individualistic. nonetheless, he was a vey cordial, good man to be around in washiton, anexemplar of old public servant. i agree with mark, it's a total
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gift for republicans, it will unify and energize th rig, the left, too, but more in the coming campaigt it pus pressure on the people in the middle and, so,ly is a murkowski and susan coins on the republican side, puts some pressure on them, but i don't think a whole lot. ey voted for gorsuch, but it puts a bunch of pressure on the centrist democrats running in the red states and more pressure on the demrats than te republicans. >> i agree with david. joe manchin in west virginia who has to be favored for reelection, donald trump's state won by 42%, afficult vote for him, especially if mitch mcconnell holds the vote around halloween t keep attention riveted on the issue. heidi heitkamp in north dakota, a state donald trump carried by 36%, democratic incumbent. joe donnelly in indiana that he carried by 17% and claire
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mccaskill in missouri that donald trump carried by 19%, 's going to be a lot of political pressure for them. judy, the key to me is this is a bigger issue, the supreme court, for conservatives andre blicans than historically for democrats. for example, in the exit polls in 2016, the clinton-trump race, 26% ofe republican voters said the supreme court and who sat on it was an urgent vote matter to em to theint it affected and influenced their votes. only 18% of democrats sad it was for them. soates bui emotional asvantage at a time when republican enthuand interest in the 201campaign had been sapping and draining. >> i wonder if that will change now because this pick obviously puts roe v wade right at the center of our politics, and it will opeup something very interesting. the nightmare scenario on either de i don't think will probably
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happen. >> which is? that roe v wade will suddenly be overturned. >> woodruff: yeah. because there is a precedente which justberts has maintained through most of thes, tend the obamacare case is a good example of saying, i may, may not agree, but what is law is law. he tended to be biased in that direction and as we go thrgh the hearings, whatever the nominee is, that's what they williay. they maysagree in principle on roe v wadebuit's reason be settled so they may hedge it but continue sewe're looking at a overturn of roe v wade. >> woodruff: but you don't see anything standing in front of the president getting his choice on the court? >> sure, we've had nominees rejected before because of something disco i take one exception to david, over the last generation gallup is po sled evengle year. americans are more tolerant about having a child out of
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wedlock or gay rights or exra marital relatns, but the moral acceptability of abortion remains divided exactly where it was 25 years ago i, sois an organizing and galvanizing issue still this day, even though i think david's right that the status quo or precedent works to the advantage of those who preserve it. how about it if itecomes the central issue in the campaign of 2018, does that help the democrats or not? does it turn out republicans who might ha sat hoe? >> and speaking of that, the kennedy announcement, david, came afe the day after progressi democrats did surprisingly well in the primaries this week. we had this shock result inrk new here joseph crowley, who was somebody who was a part of theemocratic establishment in the house of representatives
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and leadership, wasa beten by a 28-year-old young woman who seen as a self-described socialisdemocrat. what's going on with the democrats and how do you -- now that we've got the supreme court move, how do you see that playing on top of what's happened? >> the core question to m is whether this is david brad aller itin, the guy in virginia who won's a sign of anger ines blishment republicans was so high the party was about to undergo a fundamental earthquake. that could be true, but the crowd we lost was one data point s, anda lot of data poi there have been some races where the sanders' candidate has won but a lot where the mainstream democratic candidate has won. i think the balance of the evidence so far is deocratic voters around the country are wat upset with democratic establishment th republican
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voters were with the republican. so i do not see a sanrs way i see one-off cases where this is a very distinct district with a very talented capt. , so she pulled off this amazing victory, but i don't see it as a part of a national trend. >> woodruff: how do you see it? >> i don't see it as part of aon na trend. joe crowley was an exceptionally popular democrat.fi he didn'the pattern of someone who had grown remote from his district. he was the queens democratic boss, a position he inherited from his prdecessor. but the maxim that all politicsc is l which has seemed to be repealed by all politics beinge nationalsserted itself. i mean, this is a district, judy, that has changed demographically dramatically. i mean, it's now a distinctly plurality of hispanic voter minority voters and down out of one out of five and is the house of representatives. will say one thing about joe
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crowley, his reception isgr ious, compared to donald trump savaging mark caped and attacking joe crowley, sing san a long born to run and dedicated it to her. >> woodruff: you see it as a one-off? >> it's the first time a democrat incumbent hss loin three elections. tor therecribed in ca had been a lot of upsets where the liberty and tea party asserted itself before that. >> also came a time when the border issue is such a vital issue which aroused a lot of people, we've got to have our i peopthere. but, nonetheless, it still has to be said that voters are upset with establishments. it's not unlikely we're going te get more of tse. >> woodruff: quickly, you mentioned the border. where does the administration stand now on immigration? i talked to marc short, legislative affairs director, a few minutes ago. mark, what do you see here?
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families are still being separated when they come across the border. >> you do, and competing jurisdictions of agencies, holten human servicesthe partment of justice, homeland security, the border patrol, you've got all of these - - i think the time has come if the president antheountry is serious about it to appoint agi czare somebody superpowers, whether colin powell, or the anthony zini or martin dempsey,i mike mu but somebody who will be the voice to whom all the other are accountable. >> woodruff: on immigration in. >> on the family separation in particular at the bored bec you can't get answers now. >> i don't like any sense that includes both trump and czar at the same time, it scres me. the problem is the management problem. maybe some sort of administrator would hlp, but th core problem is the trump admtinistration,
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least large parts, wants to send an indating message to peple south of the border, don't come, it will be miserable, but don't want the backlash of a cruel policy. so they're stuck. so the lesson be we're not going to be monsters at the border, we wilenforce law t not be total monsters but that goes against the policy jeffts sessions wo support. political damage to the. administrati >> in mark and i had a discussion last week whether it would hurt trump's approval rating, and i hate to say it but i was right in that it has not hurt his appval ratg. >> his gallup dropped precipitously. i just look at th numbers. we'll come back next week. >> woodrckf: we'll come friday. >> you will pick your own numbers game. how much is 711 and is it 17? (laughter) >> woodruff: hang around after the show. getsven more exciting. mark shields, david brooks,
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thank you. wid tune in later tonight for "washington week robert costa, and on saturday for pbs newshour weekend. and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. have a gre weekend. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> kevin. >> kevin!in >> k >> advice for life. life well-planned. a learn moret raymondjames.com. >> consumer cellular. >> leidos. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems-- skollfoundation.org. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50ears, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world.
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at www.hewlett.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and friends of the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcastin and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. pnewshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> you'reduardo:ng pbs. e tonight on a specisode of history detectives,
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three stories of prohibition-era america. what secrets can this business card reveal about glamour and vice in 1930s los angeles? hollywood was laasvegas before las veg was las vegas. elyse: what role did this weapon play in one of chicago's most ruthless mob massacres? gwendolyn: and why are some of new york'se wealthiest fams planning a high-society circus er at the vy depth of the great depression? elvis costello: ♪ watchin' the detectives ♪ i get so angr when the t♪ ♪ but he can't be wounded 'cause he's got no heart ♪ ♪ watchin' the detectives ♪ it's just like watchin' the detectives ♪

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