tv PBS News Hour Weekend PBS July 1, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on this edition for sunday, july 1: the political debate sfts toward the immigration and customs enforcement agency. the voices of sexual assault survors on the comedy stage. and, looking back at some tense, violent times on campus... >> it's almost as though every conversation was focused on, have we as a nation, learned anything in 50 years? >> sreenivasan: next on pbs newshour weekend. >> "pbs newshour weekend" is made possible an: bernarirene schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein the sue and edgarfoachenheim dation. the cheryl and philip milstein family. rosalind p. walter.
barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customizedanndividual group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. >> additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like yo thank yo from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening and thank you for joining us.er yey hundreds of thousands took to the streets to protest the administration's immigration policies, and some democrats tepped up calls to eliminate the immigration and customs enforcement agency. today, president trump used twitter and a fox news interview to warn his democratponents about their strategy. >> well i hope they keep thinking about it. because they're going to get beaten so badly. e u know ice, these are the guys that go in and t-13, and they take them out. because they're much t than ms-13, like by a factor of
10. and these are the ones-- you get rid of ice y're going to have a country that you're going to be afraid to walk out of your house. >> sreenivasan: democratic senator tammy duckworth seemed to agree with the president that ice should stay but criticized his overall migration policy. >> if you abolish e as it is, as an executive agency, it reflects the policies of the white house, of the president. if you abolish ice now, you still have the same president with the same failed policies. whatever you replace it with i r going to stilect what this president wants to do. >> sreenivasan: today canada's retaliatory tariffs went into effect on u.s. exrts, and the president suggested he wants to postpone talks with canada and mexico about changes to nafta-- the north american free trade agreement-- until aft the mid- term elections four months from now. >> nafta, i could sign it tomorrow, but i'm not happy with it. i want to make it more fair, okay >> you can't do nafta before the midterms. >> i want to wait until after
the election. >> sreenivasan: trade is one of t in mexico it is electionen tho day: the largest election in the ncludes's history that i a new president and more than 3,000 other local state and federal officials. the issues on the minds of voters there have lithee to do with.s. newshour foreign affairs correspondent nick schifrin reports. >> reporter: in this middle- class neighborho, mexicans upset by widespread corruption and violence started voting early. for almost a century, mexico's only known two establishment parties. but 25-year-old ethel vasquez voted for a new, leftist party that's expected to sweep. >> ( translated ): amlo signifies a new approach. i've tried the pan party, i've tried the p.r.i. party, and i'm going to try the new candidate to see if things can improve. >> reporter: " old andres manuél lópez obrador, widely known by his initials, amlo. in 2006, he ran for president promising social programs for the poor. he lost by less than a percent,
and his supporters occupied parts of mexico city for two months. he ran and lost again in 2012. but this election he started a new party, and has broadened his appeal among urban middle class voters, by expressing rage at the establishment. >> ( translated ): we're going up against the mafia of power. toey're sneaky. they don't want torobbing. and they don't want to lose. >> reporter: tatiana clouthier is lópez obrador's campaign manager. >> if being radical means sitting on the side that the persons th have bigger needs in the countrythat is being radical, i think he's a radical. >> reporter: amlo's opponentswo use the rd radical against him. p.r.i. party candidate jose antonio meade warns amlomes a threat tco's nascent democracy. 39-year-old pan party candidate ricardo anaya says amlo represents old failed policies, criticism echoed by 29-year-old voter andré gutierrez. >> i really don't believe
lopez obrador, because i don't believe his proposals aboutti orruption when he's one of the most corrupt persons in the country. >> reporter: but polls show most voters consider amlo anti-elite and anti-corruption, and reject his opponents because of anger. anger at viole in the last 12 years, 250,000 mexica have been killed. and this year more than 100 politicians have been murdered, including one who vowed to take on a cartel, and was shot in the he. and anger at government corruption, like the son of a mexican ambassador showing offns ongram in a country where 43% live below the poverty line. 34-year-old joceleyn dzol voted for amlo. >> ( translated ): he's definitely a change. to look after the poor, for those of us who are in need, who pay taxes all the time and are trying to get ahead, but are still living hand to mouth. >> reporter: and today the handi of voters upse the status quo are expected to choose an untested party and an untested
man, hoping he can d his predecessors have failed. >> sreenivasan: nick schifrin join us now from mexico city. mexico city outside of a polling station, as you point out in your story, lopez obrador is painting himlf as the outsider not affiliated with any of these parties, how radical is he?>> ell, his opponents say he is radical in two ways, one in 2006, after he lost thfo first time, he, launched widespread protests that really occupied some parts of mexiheco city, an called for alternative institutions, alternive government and hi opponent says he doesn't respect or support mexican institution, and a number 2 calling for redirection of money to the poor, through things like pensions, scholarships, apprenticapprenticeship, even fe fertilizer for farmers and his opponents say that is unaffordable and drive mexi to default, his campaign has said that, he has softened since he has been running multiple times for president, and that he respects mexican institutions,
and also that he is a fcal moderate in the words of his campaign manager, if that is th case, that is an open question whether he can be both a fiscal moderate andulfill all of those campaign promises which would cost billions. >> what about the tensions in, mexico has had with the trump administration? what are his policies likely to be toward the >> yes, he is calling for moderation in his final campaign speech this past week he called for dialogue with president trump andhe has wanted to or said he wants to work with president trump, so long as he receives quote respect from president trump, and there is an owopen question, though of helpful he will be with the u.s. whether he will continue some of the security cooperation that we have seen between the u.s. and mexico leading mexico to cut off some of the roots that central americans take to the u.s.ue border andions about nafta, lopez obrador said he may go without nafta but has been vague on thorosesals, that's bottom line we don't necessarily know how he will treat the u.s.e anicans and doesn't
necessarily know all of his policies within mexico or toward the u.s., that is just another sign, hari, thahe he they feel about the details of his policy and anger at corruption, anger at violence andg choost so much him, but choosing against the establishment party. >> sreenivasan: all right, nick schifrin joining us from mexico city tonight, he will have all m the latest orrow on the newshour. thanks so much. >> thanks, hari. >> sreenivasan: meet a team of syrian activists who educating women and girls about their rights. visit pbs.org/newshour. >> sreenivasan: from politics, sports and entertainmeent, to workplace and institutions of learning, the me too movement has sparked a national conversation around sexual harassment and assault. and veteran comedian cameron esposito is working to make sure
that the voices of survivors are heard too. she is bringing e discussion to the comedic stage, where jokes about sexual assault for many, cross the line. newshour weekend's ivette feliciano sat down with esposito recently. a caution to our viewers, this segment contains frank conversation about sexual assault. >> and i don't totally remember what happened that night. a lot of flashes of wha happened. i know that i didn't say yes. >> reporter: this is cameron esposito. she's been a stand-ucomic for more than a decade. it's a profession where almost nothing is o limits. >> i'm just saying, as an outsider, i am unsure whether straight people talk to each other. >> reporter: but recently, she decided to do something unueiq in her new set, she shares her own story of sexual assault. she does so in a new comedy special. it's called "rape jokes." >> we've had rape jokes forever but it's just like, those jokes
have usually been, like, "rape." that's the full joke. that's always been a concept that was shorthand for a certain type of joke. so it always meant a joke that is told by somebody who's not a survivor that's generally like dismissive of the concept of rape, it usually was brought up as sort of a taboo, punchy word that would just get a laughhe based onomic being brave enough to speak it. >> reporter: esposito wants to make sure the national conversation around sexual assault includes the voices of survivors. >> there were certain folks, high profile folks who were being called out as users, who were then losing opportunities, and that it seemed like the cycle was moving on to rehabbing those people's images. and that it was makingcle without ever talking about what it's like to ba survivor >> reporter: esposito says she was never taught that she could make her own decisiout
sex. >> i didn't get sex ed. o sex ed.e i was raised super duper catholic in the suburbs of chicago. how catholic? i was raised so catholic we played like catholic games. what kinds of games? mass. ia reporter: she also couldn't come out as a leuntil after college. >> it just set the perfect conditions for assault to happen because i didn't know that i had a voice and so someone else stepped in and made the decisions for me. that's, i think, how edisconnected so many peo are from our own agency. i didn't know that i could not be into this. this was a funny story i told until literally a dude said to me, "that's a not funny tory." >> reporter: now, she lives in los angeles and hosts a weekly stand-up show with her wife, fellow comic rhea butcher.
shand butcher created the sitcom "take my wife." in one episode that confronts this issue, a male comic character addresses rape in a way that is jarring. >> if th year's taught us anything, it's that society will not believe a woman's been raped unless at least 48 other women meaim they were raped by the uy. that's why i only raped 47 women. >> reporter: do you think there are limits to what a comedian can talk about? and how does a come fdian's identitor into that? >> i don't think any topics are off limi but i think if the way to deal with taboo subjects or subjects that can be painful is tlead with personal experience if you have it. if you don't have personal experience you need to be aware of that, and you need to be aware that you are phaps speaking to an audience that has more experience with something owledgeu do and ackn
that. >> reporter: esposito performed the set live for months in nues around the country,and says audience members have told heabout their own stories assault after the show. how do you navigate these conversations? >> yeah, i mean, i'm ni'm not a rape crisis counselor and i'me not educator so the only model i have is just to lead with empathy. so i sayi am sorry that happened to you, which i actually think a lot of us could use a lot more often. >> reporter: esposo says she's been hearing positive feedback from a range of people, including men. >> i think we're being sold this idea right now that men are really pissed about the me too movement like men just wish go away. men don't even know if they can hire women anymore! like that's what's rising to the
top in the news cycle, is men who are angry or men who are confused, but i thine are a lot of men that are looking for guidance and that are concerned and that want to work gnals a new chapter in trs national conion. >> i'm not like reinventing comedy, but i might be creating a new talking point. >> sreenivan: a few weeks ago there was a college reunion in madison, wisconsin. and while the event d see old friends happily reuniting, they were also looking back at some .nse and even violent tim newshour weekend speci a corresponden wisconsin alum jeff greenfield has the story. >> reporter: it has the look and feel of countless college reunions; the glimpse of a plac or a face, not seen for decades, the triggering of memoes that stretch back the greater part of a lifetime. but this gathering of the long- ago young has a very different feel to it. their memories of what happened
here half a century ago are nott bound up in trnal college nostalgia. quey are rather memories uni to their times in this place. here at the university of wisconsin, the last half of the 1960s was a time of almosast ceess turmoil, violent clashes between students and police at a sit in psting military contractor dow chemical's recruiting on campu a block party that turned into three days of rioting, and a fatal bombing ofn office devoted to defense department research. >> it really was aor trantive experience. >> reporter: david maraniss, hrose book, "they marched into sunlight," cicled what happened here as the war in vietnam escalated half a world away. >> madison and probably berkeley and ann arbor and a few other college towns were exaggerated representations of what was o happening generation during that period where there was a sensibility that le was changing every day.
♪ ♪ >> reporter: so what has brought nearly 1,000 veterans of campuse upheaval back o madison to sample dozens of panels, screenings, and musical performances, including one from a luminary classmate: boz scaggs. >> madison in the '60s was not just a time and a place, it was a ste of mind. >> reporter: the reunion was organized by noted jazzia mus and lifelong madison resident ben sidran and his wife, lt g time activdy sidran. >> i think anybody who came through here in the '60sot spun a little bit, because of this culture, the ecology of what madison was. >> reporter: if yoleft madison in the first half of that decade, as i did, yoa lived througme not that much different from the 1950s. the clothes, the hair, the
mating rituals, the pill had yet to make its appearanew. but just aears later, passions of all sorts were on the rise, especially with an escalating war in vietnam and the prospect of being drafted. >>t was fraught. >> reporter: rena steinzor was a freshman in e fall of 1967, she would later become editor of the student newspaper, the "daily cardinal." >> we were very upset about the vietnam war. there were demonstrations against it all the time. and the campus was in an up they were talking about declaring martial law. >> reporter: for others, it'th the memory o block party in the heart of madison's counterculture neighborhood that burns most brightly. a party that the authoriti deemed too noisy. when they tried to shut it down, that led to three nits of chaos. >> and suddenly police cars show up, and not just police cars, but guys as if it's chicago '68 nvention. >> reporter: andrew bergman, a doctoral student then, would later go on to wte and co- write the screenplays for the hit films "the in-laws" and"
blazing saddles." >> i remember running into aus to hide out. guy who owns the house says, "i'm takin' out my ge., i got a ri at which point, i and another person who's now currently the mayor of madison, wisconsin, paul soglin, say, "we gotta get out of here." reporter: in fact, paul soglin's political career began with his arrest that night. he has been mayor of madison three times through the '70s, the '90s and is once again the mayor. for him, this gathing represents a political fight that never ends. >> i think about the nversations i've had for the last couple days. and with one exction, every conversation i've had has been about a political event, has been about the tru administration, and how somethinmight relate about the concerns over war, reckless diplomacy. it's almost as though every conversation was focsed on,
have we as a nation learned y anything in rs? >> reporter: and that points to another powerful magnet for this reunion: the men and women who marched, who occupied buildings, igwho argued through the nht about how to protest the war or racial injustice, did so with a powerful conviction that they" were on t"right side" of history. those on the other side felt the same way. >> even as the counterculture was antiwar movement, the largest organization on the madison campus was the young republicans in 1967, when the dow chemical protest happened.th e was a counter-reaction to the antiwar movement that was almost as strong as the movement itself. >> reporter: and there is another, uncomfortable question that some of these dissenters face: were their tactics, at least some of them, neitheef justified noctive? rena steinzor, then editor of the "daily cardinal," whose editorial page had endorsed militant anti-war tactics. >> the vietnam war, asar as i
was concerned and my peers, was issue of the gravity of being a german who stood by when the nazis took power. it was that profound a calling to us, in a moral ense. so we felt that it was critical to resist the war. the methods were escaling because the violence on the campus was escalating. >> reporter: in august of 1970 a bomb planted in the office of the army math research center exploded in the middle of the night, killing a graduate student. the bomb was planted by four students protesting the researcs the universityoing for the u.s. military. that event split people within the antiar movement. did you regard that method of protest, at that time, as a legitimate form of resistance? >> no. i didn't. but we had a big meeting that
lasd for several hours in m apartment to discuss what we should say in our editorials. and we did not want to condone the loss of life. but we also did not want to turn our back on the people that did the bombing who were members ofa thinal staff, two of them. so we wrote this anguished set of editorials that madey everybrious. >> reporter: so how to square the idealistic impulses with the turn to violent rhetoric and even violent deeds?on >> it's a veryadictory period, where everything was haening, good and bad. i like to think that the generation or the activists of that generation were motivated by good instincts, ali they still e that. that generation might not have had the right answers, but they were asking the right questions:
>> reportu levitan was not even here in those times but was at the reunion as the semi- official historian of madison in the 1960s. t people who look back on the '60s and think, "os was a great time," are missing the point. the sex, drugs, and rock 'n roll was great. f but, thting in vietnam, the fighting on campus, the fighting in the streets, we had riots in the streets of madison. that's not a happyt memory. 's an important memory. and it's a very cautionary message to look back and say, "you know, we should do a better job of understanding each other and not getting into thnge rock thrond the brick throwing and the tear gas, because once that happens it gets out of hand." >> reporter: however misguided some of their tactics, however e lusory their confidence that they could remake rld, the people who showed up for this event were caught up at the start of their adult lives in a whirlwind that would be as vivid as anything they lived through.
>> this is pbs newshour weekend, sunday. >> sreenivasan: acat began as ul protests over water quality and scarcity in southern iran turned violentoday. there was gunfire as government forces confronted stone-throwing demonstrators demanding relief from an ongoing drought in the region about 400 miles southwest of tehran. these protests follow ree days of violent demonstrations in tehran. e an faces an economic crisis following ump administration's decision to withdraw from the multi-national nuclear deal. iran is warning members of opec, the organization of the petroleum exporting countries, not to increase oil production beyond an additional one million rrels of crude a day. that number that was agreed to last month to help slow rising obal energy prices. the message came after president trump tweeted yesterday that that king salman of saudi arabia assured him that country would increase oil production by two- million barrels. the white house later issued a
statement that acknowledged tone conversabut offered no specifics. israel is sending more artillery and troops to the golan heights on the border wi tth syray. syria's violent crack down, on what it says are insurgents, is sending refugees fleeing the violence toward israel andrd jo. the israelis are also providing humanitarian aid, but at his jaekly cabinet meeting, prime minister bn netanyahu said israel will defend its borders and will not allow syrians into the country. a federal judge has temporarily blocked the federal emergency management agency from ending a program that provided temporary housing for survivors of hurricane maria. the hurricane devastated puerto rico last september, and thousands were giv housing in the mainland u.s. the transitional sheltering assistance program was set to expire last night, affecting more than 1700 people. a national civil rights group filed a class action lawsuit to block the evictions, which are now on hold until tuesday.
>> sreenivasan: and a reminder to join us tomorrow on the newshour for behind rebel lines, our series behind the fronted lines of the fighting inen, that's all for this edition of "pbs newshour" weekend, i am hari sreenivasan, have a good weekend. have a good night. >> thanks for watching. have a good night. >> captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
>> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. the sue and edgar wachenheim the cheryl and philip milstein family. rosalind p. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. coorate funding is provide by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement c padditional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by cont bstation from viewers like you. thank you.
ed: puerto rican c cuisine is rich and vibrant, just like the people that live there. journey with me, ed kenney; and tiara herndez as we dance through the streets of old san juan ri to learn about tns of her favorite dish, gandule rice. there are so many reasons why i became a chef. y evsh has a story. food brings people together and has the power to conjure up cherished memories. i was born and raised in the hawaiian islands, one of the most diverse communities in the world. in his show, we'll meea guest , learn about their favorite dish, trace it back to its ogins, and have some fun along the y. man: ♪ higher so we can chase the moon ♪ announcer: major funding for "family ingredients" was provided by the corporation for public broadcasting. additional funding was provided by the hawai'i toism authority,