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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 3, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation. kovl foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and purepoinfinancial. >> how do we shapeur tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in o mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything tha
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stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.at urepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- yourr plans, yals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now.fi purepoint ncial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. alive but trapped. 12 boys and their football coach wi be given food, supplies and diving lessons as they are stuck in a cave in thailand. >> [translated] these are the kids i have trained. they are song. i have built them up to play at a profession level. laura: cementing a conservative majority. president trump promises a supreme court pick by next week. te meeting the front runners. heant few minutes,
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elation t as england hrough to the quarterfinals of the world g cup in a nailbfinish. colombia are out. welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. the fate of the 12 boys and their football coach trapped in a cave in thailand has people across the world transfixed. their families were jubilant as british divers found the boys alive. but now rescuers must free the group, and it won't be easy. they could stay underground fohe some time asare taught to swim and use diving equipment. utour ast asia correspondent jonathan head reports from the scene. jonathan: there is a renewed sense of mission here now. mefor the first tin 10 days, they know where the boys are and they know they are alive. the constant flow of divers
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moves in and out of the cave, stocking equipment and food supplies underground, preparing for what could be a long and difficult rescue. the boys were all members of a football team, coached by this man. it was his assistant who went with them that day. heart, allted] in my i could think about for the last nine days was -- is there any way, any one, who could somehow jonathan: it fell to two british them.ivers to find nathis extraor video captures the moment john and rick saw the missing children, perched on a muddy ledge above the water. they left them, promising more help. >> we are coming, it's ok.
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many people are coming. we are the first. many peoplwill come. jonathan: today the children were visited by thai navy drivers just divers and had their first food and medical checkup. they are said to be in surprisingly good help -- health. the two british men are among erthe world's most expienced cave divers. in 2004, they made a record-breakingf exploration o whole in somerset, reaching new depths. their friend and photographer, martin, talked about their achievement in thaand. >> i feel emotional about it now. wow, you think, this is fantastic. those boys have had a hd 9, 10 days underground, and now they have got the best guys there. , they are calm,
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very collected, very organized, extremely disciplined, and consummate professionals. yetthan: it is not clear how the boys can be brought out. authorities are pumping as much water as they om the caves, but more rain is on the way. laura: jonathan head. reporti the cave network makes the rescue mission ecaecially compd. our science correspondent victoria gill has been considering the options for getting them out safely. >> how many of you? victoria: what was meant to be ue adventure has become an international reission. what is not yet clear is just how that mission, to bring the 12 boys and their football coach safely to the surface, ll be carried out. veen the team walked into the entrance of the ystem on june 23, it was dry. but sudden heavy rainfall
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flooded and blocked narrow passagays. as they reached the narrow higher ground, they abandoned bikes and rucksacks. this is where british ve divers first reached them, two and a half miles from the entrance to the cave network. two options are being considered for their rescue -- puofing water oulooded passageways and teaching the boys to scuba dive theiran way outxtremely risky swim through tight spaces in low visibility. a third option is waiting for water levels to subside, whichrt at the sta of the rainy season could take months. british cave divers richard and to reach the boys, are first now supporting this complicated but hopeful rescue effort. r ey were called in by thai authorities for thexpertise in high risk cave inving, somethon display during their 2004ttempts to reach a chamber 26 in somerset. >> those boys had a hard 9, 10 days underground.
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and now they have got the best guys there. so john and rick, they are calm, they are very collected, very organized, extremely disciplined, and consummate professionals. so i feel confident from this point on that things are going to work. victoria: with even more heavy rain expected in the coming days, rescuers will have tost decide on the ay out. victoria gill, bbc news. laura: for more on how the rescue operation is likely to unfold, a short time ago my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spoke to christindenison in new york. she is a diver and a remote expedition specialist. katty: what is the challenge from a diving int of view of getting these boys up to speed with diving equipment, scuen equi to get them out? how long do you think that would take?
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>> it is miraculous that theyfo d them. the difficulty is getting them up to speed to get them out of this cave, possibly with scuba. i would say they have the best people on scene at the moment with the british cavers and the navy seals. twever, it is still a very big undertaking to tget these kids comfortable in the water, teaching them basic scuba diving, the prerequisites for that, which they can do while getting in and out of the water. buit is still -- caving is very difficult type of diving. they have to deal with a lot of addeextras on top of basic scuba diving. they will have to deal with an overhead environment, lights. it is a lot of stress for these kids. i would hope ts is really the last resort in trying to get them out. katty: wouldn't it be possible to send a professional diver for each of the kids and the cch? as you do with swim training
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rescue operations, kind of halul them out or carry them out, drag them out in some way' why wouldnt that be possible? al it is very difficult in cave systems, espe when they are flooded. you have the added difficulty of having to maneuver bodies through very narrow restrictions that are now flooded. i am sure theyad restrictions lking in. the added issue at the moment is they are flooded and the water is cd and murky. there is a lot of gook in that water. it is not the most comfortable condition to teach someone who is young, who is n comfortable in water, to get them in that situation and try to get them out. it may not be possible to get them through the restrictions within the cave. they might have to go single lane, one by one. r k having a child panic -- remember, there is no visibility.ve this i muddy water. when you are doing cave diving, you have lines, constant guidelines, lights, reels.
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it is very gear intensive. the divers and training thatgo is going to nto getting those kids comfortable is going to be a series of stages, getting them in and out of ther, water with yeaetting them comfortable being underwate, breathing underwater. it is a very slow process,stery step-by-. christian: speaking as someone wh,is horribly claustrophob when you talk about the dangers of the orhangs, can you just explained to us, first of all, what the water is doing in a cave system like that and how you move between one cavern to another? >> from what i understand, they are two miles in. that is a very long way to go underwater on scuba. along the way, you will ha very narrow areas where you have an overhead environment -- it is like moving through a narrow tunnel. h if ye been in an m.r.i., tube situation.
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it could get one for a kilometer or the length of this, which is not the most comfortable situation, which is why caveav diving and thes are outstanding in their ability to psychologically deal with the stress. y u have to be very experienced to do the diving te doing and then to try to get them out saly. laura: christine denison t vre. there isancy on the supreme court. president trump is trying to cement conservative control of this key body. justice anthony kennedy resigned last week and the president has already met with the potential candidates. he will announce his pick on july 9. who will ite? i was joined earlier by the epolititor at the national journal. josh, the president has already cmet with aey barrett. is the idea of picking a womanti polly appealing? josh: picking amy coney barrett would be a high risk, high reward decision for president trump.
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it would certainly put a lot of oessure on democrats, having a email conservatithe supreme court has a lot of political appeal. it might appeal to a lot of women who do not view president trump's administration favorably. ost she is also one of the aggressive -- she has a paper trail of writing suggesting she mabe willing to overturn r v. wade and turn the supreme court more aggressively than some of the other top competitors r the spot. i think if she washe nominee, you would hear a lot of democrats talk about the risk that roe v. wade could be overturned. laura: what about the risk for the president among republican senators of appointing someone who definitely is signaling that they could overturn that keyn? abortion decis josh: the key republican senator to watch is susan collins of maine, who has said she may not support a nominee that overturn roe v. wade, and she has declared her own litmus tes. in intervi you also have lisa murkowski
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from alaska, who president trump has clashed with in the past, and is not an automatic yes vote. you also have democrats from conservative parts of the country that may also be sup'tive of president trump' nominee. laura: a completely fascinating political calculus. who the candidates could be more politically safe choice for the presidt? josh: brett kavanaugh seems to be the consensus pick because of his longaper trail, the fact he won democratic votes when he was up in the senate. also h juddeman is someone who was the runner-up when picked netrump gorsuch, someone who has a very compelling personal story and is likely to get a lot of swing votes in the senate. laura: pretty interesting. how much of a challenge is it going to be for the senate majority leader, mitch mcconnell , who is pretty good at these things, together?his caucus josh: senator mcconnell knows how to count votes, but he can't lose a single republican senator. 51 republican senators, john mccain may not be able to vote.
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if one republican defects, that would likely put the nomination in jeopardy. also, you have democrats from conservative states thatay want to vote for the president's saminee, but if you see republican mike collins saying, i am not for it, that would give political cover for the democrats to say, i am not going to be r this nomination as well. laura: thank you so much for joining us. in other news now, flags flying at halmast at the white house in tribute to five staff killed at a newspaper in maryland last week. on monday, the city mayor complain that his request for enags to be lowered had declined. the white house said president trump respded as soon as he heard of the request. iran's president has warned that attempts by the u.s. to reduce his country's oil exports are unrealistic and unjust. speaking in switzerland, hassan rouhani also had a message offo reassuranceuropean countries still committed to the nuclear deal. he promised iran would respecton the terms asas its interests were preserved.
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it has been a year since president trump pulled out of the paris climate agreement, but despite this, across the united states, cities have stepped up their efforts to managehe impact of global warming. we have this report from new york, one of the most vulnerable cities trying to tackle the problem. reporter: the invading waters of jamaica bay have already altered , an here in broad channel they may yet make this island unlivable before the end of the century. this is one of new york city's lowest lying neighborhoods. it does not take much to flood these h streets, just aigh tide. this may look dramatic, but it r is actually a regucurrence here in broad channel. so much so that the city has had reto raise several of the s. it is easy to see why new york is so concerned about rising sea levels. >> we can go out onto the deck and you can s the marsh. reporter: barbara lives in the flood zo. new york has more residents in
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these high risk areas than any other u.s. city. it is a key reason why this island metropolis is committed to the paris climate accord, even tugh the trump administration withdrew a year ago. >> is it a matter of belief or is it accepting what scientists have discovered and have documented? so i think trump's attitu is completely wrong. reporter: but the ited states could still meet the paris commitment, thanks to the actions of cities. at this high school in queens, lar panels now help power the lights and computers. new york city has earmarked $1 billion to make buildings more energy efficient.n >> whe started doing this, 40 cities came together and created the 40 cities coalition for climate action. today there is over 200 cities. tese are the largest places on earth, all workiether, onsring the best ideas, le learned.
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reporter: downstairs in the classroom, these science students monitor how much energy the lar panels have saved. their studies have left them with a sense of urgency about tackling climate change. >> being with my classmates, we make jokes about turning off the lights because we want to save energy. stuff like that. recycling. you become more conscious of it en it is something you are working with. reporter: when you are living with it every day, as the must,nts in broad channel it is impossible not to imagine a future when your home will be surrendered to the water. bbc news, new york. laura: cities are taking the talead oling climate change. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come tonight, world cup fever is in full steamqu as the arterfinals have just been decided. laura: so-called gay conversion
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therapies ntve long been versial, and now the u.k. government is planning to abandon them this follows a survey suggesting 2% of lgbt people in briin have undergone the treatment while another 5% have been offered it. here is our u.k. community affairs correspondent adina campbell. reporter: what is it like to be young and gay in the u.k.? george, rory, billy, and louis all live in london. >> i got friends to post on facebook that i was gay. rlling the whole school. it waslly weird way of doing it. seit was bec did not want my family to find out. there are quite a lot of people in my school who were not receptive.rt re: how comfortable are you maybe holding hands with your boyfriend, girlfriend in public? >> i would not hold hands wemewhere like stratford. definitely if you re in central, somewhere like soho. >> we do hold hands lic. we were eating and then we kissed. a man ran up to us and was
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oitalking about how we are to hell. he threw like a bible at us. you are not really gay, you are too feminine to be gay. why do you have long hai can two girls with long hair date? ridiculous. reporter: the government has now announced a new action plan, including a ban on controversial gay conversion therapies and improvements to gender laws to make it easier for trans people to change their identi. this man is gay and muslim. he says the government needs to do more to help people from all backgrounds. >> we sort of have marriage equality in northern ireland. i think there also is annd undersg of certain minorities, for example black and asian minority ethnicities. k layers, i on two the government really needs to understand what is going on. reporter: four and a half llion pounds will be mad available in england for the
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government's new action plan. but labour and other campaigners say it does not go far enough. >> imagine living your life every dacalculating how -- calculating the disconnect between how u feel and how you need to present yourself to be safe. >> all these positive changes have come, but it is much harder to change people's minds and hearts. reporter: adina campbell, bbc news. laura: now to the world cup. last hour, england has gone through to the quarterfinals, beating colombia 4-3 on penalties, and nailbiting finish. combia scored a goal in th dying minutes to equale e 1-1 and dre match to extra time and penalties. england will n play sweden in e quarterfinals. sweden earlier beat switzerland.
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we have ali foster from moscow. ollie, were you on the edge of your seat r that england match? reporter: i have been chained to my live point, trying to tell various bbc outlets what has been going on. absolutely nerve shredding, the last couple of hours. we kind of knew it would be because it is that kind of world cup. so many amazg games across the last four days in this first knockout round of the world cupk w that the last of them, right here in the city between colombia and england, would goan the di, even though england was just a couplero minutes awaygoing directly through to the quarterfinal. colombia got the equalizer and en we had the penalty shootout. england years, losing all three of their world cup penalty cup shootouts before this, but coming good, winng 4-3. colombia hit the bar with their fourth, a wonderful save from the england keeper with their
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fifth. it was all down to eric, the fifth man to stand up. he very coolly found the bottom corner. so england, absolutely joyous when that went in. you just felt the decades of penalty pain had lifted away with just that one kick, so they are through to the quarterfinals to face sweden next saturday.la a: how are the rest of the quarterfinal matchups looking? reporter: we have a couple day'' rest.yo i think ev needs it, the players, the fans, commentators. what we have seen is that the world cup draw -- you have this tough halfnd a softer half that certainly england and sweden are in, because also there, the host russia and croatia. songrom those four, we are g to get a world cup finalist. first up on fridayfrance against uruguay and brazil against belgium. a finalist fm there and against one of the other four. that is a much touer half.
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we are going to take stock from these two rest days. it has been a wonderful world cup here in russia. we are bracing ourselves for the quarterfinals, then obviously mithe nals before the final on july 15. it is going to be a very unfamiliar final. because could be england,ed , croatia, or russia. one of those four is going to be in the world cup final. there is a lot at stake from here on in.ou laura: japan i but tell us about the very gracious way in which the team left the tournament. reporter: we spottedearly on with the japanese supporters. even in defeat, whatever stadium th were in, they cleaned u behind themselves with massive plastic bags. i'm not sure what the stadium cleaners had to do afterwards. we sort of all latched onto that and that went viral on various social media platforms. japan, they wereuning up against belgium. belgium wh one of the great
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world cup comebacks knocked them out 3-2. you would have thought the japanese would leave their litter and get out of town as soa as they could, bu picture was posted of the japanese dressing room. it was absolutely spotless. you could not tell that 23 men after a football match had been they had lost as well. and they just left a little note saying thank you in russian. laura: you have been watching this now, you have a go feel for it. who is your money on to win the world cup? reporter: i ve my england hat on, but i don't want them to put us through the ringer again. i can only see a winner coming from the top half of the draw. brazil are getting stronger, but if theelgians can stop them, belgium still really to find their stride. i would have thought whoever through a semifinal from brazil ornc f-- the french i think will get past uruguay --
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they will probably be favorites to lift the world cup. laura: ollie with the big t. thanks so much for joining us om moscow. now, being heckled is part of the job when you are a politician, especially in the house of commons. it is just a teensy bit more awkward when the cries are not from the opposition benches. the defense secretary was talking about the fight against the islamic state today when his mobile phone interjected. here's what happened. -- in the euphrates valley and surrounding area >> i found something on the web for syria democratic forces -- >> a very rum business, that is. i do apologize for tt. it is very rare that you are heckled by your own mobile phone. laura: britain's defense secretary findinguthat when siri strikes, there is no telling the impact.
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she does not respect your title. i'm laura trevelyan. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc newspp, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with e latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundati. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. d purepoint financial.>> ow do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel.
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we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to baing around you. your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepot financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented kcet los angeles.
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duaptioning sponsored by newshour proions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the trump administration reverses obama-era guidelines on college admissions, in a move toch discouragels from aiming for racial diversity. then, behind rebel lines in yemen: the unitestates' role in the war against the iranian- aligned houthi rebels. >> ( translated ): the planes that kill us, american made. the tanks, american made >> woodruff: and, world cup fever-- with 16 teams left, a look at the competition for the world soccer championship. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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