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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 9, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing lutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we ben to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you- your plans, your goals, your
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dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. cabinet resignations and the prime minister on the defensive. how the disagreement over brexit is undermining britain's government. 5 still trapped. against the weather and declining oxygen, they race to complete their mission plus, the president will unveil his pick for the supreme court in prime time tonight. we will have more on the contenders and how how this could affect the law on abortion.
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onra: welcome to our viewers public television in the u.s. and around the globe. the british government is in chaos after the resignation of not one, but two top ministers over brexit, all in less than 24 hours. foreign secretary boris johnn quit today because he does not like the prime minister's plans for britain's relations with the eu after it leaves. britain is due to exit the eur, next yut it is unclear on what terms. in parliament, theresa may acknowledged how contentious the brexit debate has been and was criticized by the oppition. prime min. may: in the two years since the referendum, we have had a spired national debate. with robust views echoing around the cabinet table as they have on breakfast tables aroundhe country. >> we have a crisis in government, two secretaries have resigned, and still we are no
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clearer on the future relationship with our neighbors and biggest partners will look like. workers and businesses deserve better than this.ur parliamentary drama. esboris johnson, whoned as 's foreign secretar today, has had a very unconventional political career. our deputy political editor had this analysis. reporter: up or down, in or out of government, or in the air, like his place in the tory battle of brexit, there was no one like boris johnson. johnson helped front the leave campaign. mr. johnson: this is a e.ce-in-a-lifetime cha reporter: and believes he owns the victory. becoming foreign secretary was a surprise, especially for him. a chance to push for the brexit he wanted, out of the eu with ns f benefits.
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as he put it, pro having cake and pro-eating it. butting into brexit negotiations came naturally, slapping down brussels -- mr. johnson: some i've seen that they propose to demand seem to be extortionist, and to go with whistle is an appropriate expression. reporter: and lecturing theresa may, calling the pm's ideas crazy come in her favorite paper, and not resigning was pushing it. >> i don't want him managing the brexit process. >> this is backseat driving? >> you could call it backseat driving. the borisit was not johnson way, crossing the globe with ceremonies, salutes, and silly media stunts that h somehw onlyknew how to carry on. the boris johnson way owedve nothing to conional ideas of collective responsibility, as when he rubbished the notion ofr a brexit comise.
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last month his political stock fell when he was quoted saying that if business didn't like brexit, "f business." he was somehow in afghanistan when mp's voted on heathrow expansion, which he opposed. at the special cabinet meeting, he covers the that she got -- he e t earthy very bluntly compared the brexit comprom polishing a turd. david davis agreed in his own words. boris johnson's dreams of leadership are no secret, but his political fortunes are dropped of late. either way, his political fortunes are tied in to thefu re of theresa may's brexit plan, and her hopes of coming through the crisis with her premiership intact. he has givenp his post but not his platform. hardline brexiteers look to him to fight for the brexit they want to come and against the prime minister. the struggle is just beginning. laura: for more on the political departures and what they mean
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for the u.k. and for brexit i spoke earlier with christian fraser. christian, is the position of britain' threat tonight following this latest resignation from her cabinet overrexit? toistian: no leader likes see two prominent resignations in the space of 24 hours, and that causes problems with the brexiteers in her party. that is a schism she has tried to avoid there are the remainers who say that this is the action she should have taken many months ago, taking on the brexiteers head-on and putting a proposalha on the table twas serious, that the various leaders in brussels could get around and find compromise on. the big question is whether from thisoint on the pressure is such that she has to harden the procesthat she has set in train. that is the big question tonight. she got quite a vote of confidence fm mp's in a
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committee meeting acouss the road ae hours ago. there was a round of applause, banging of tables, which t to happen when the prime minister addresses the committee. will that be enough going forward? some say it is a new chapter. there are others that say there is an awful lot to decide. if she is forced into coessions, she could be ba at crisis point quickly. laura: --britain is supposed to leave the european union at the end of march next year. does this make it likely that bthere isn't a deal atain crashes out of the eu? christian: the extraordinary thing is that at the moment this is just a debate with her own cabinet. she has to take the proposal to brussels and get some sort of movement from the 27 leaders. at the moment, what i have heard -- i was in brussels last week -- they would not accept a deal like this. it splits the so-called four
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freedoms of the single market. it is what they call cherry picking. they are going to have to move from the position at the moment. it is not the brexit negotiator in brussels that can do that. the parameters he has set are quite tight. it ithe 27 leaders when they come together in october that they have to change the parameters for him. at the moment there's no sign th. they are going to do th the big question the 27 leaders are going to have to ask herselves is do they back and keep her in positionor do they press for more compromise and risk a no deal and the collapse of the british government? laura: dramatic mes. christian fraser, thank you. it ist almrning in , thailaere four boys and their coach are trapped in a cave complex. eight of their teammates have been rescued, and there are hopes that before too long yone will be out, but ma challenges remain. lucy williamson has the latest. lucy: police helicopters have come to signal hope.
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inside, a fifth boy pulled from deep inside the mounta and flown to join his teammates in hospital. his identity kept private, even as his arrival makes global news. a week ago, this mission was seen as almost impossibly risky, but with every success, confidence in the team here has grown, as the monsoon rns have so far largely held off. ivan was one of the rescuers in the cave that first stationed near one of the most difficult part the empty tanks and helped guide the boys through and deal with problems. >> i was very scared, because when i saw the diver on the horizon, we can't see that far, but about 50 meters, i still didn't know if it was a casualty. so i was very scared. didn't feel good. buanthen i saw he was alive
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breathing and seemed to be all right. it felt very good. it felt very good. lucy: what did you learn from that first day? lt>> one of the very diffi things in the cave is communication. talking inside the cave is very difficult. you need to be very close. if you are more than just 5, 10 meters away, everything is cribly hard to understand, and misunderstandings and ghco lexities that lead to very bad situations. we need and plan for that. communication very simple. lucy: thai children are warned about this mountain by their grandparents, that it swallows and it doesn't let them out. so far the operation has proved the adage wrong. 8 children are out of the caves, four me are waiting with their coach for the rescuers to return
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tomorrow. the battle with this mountain is being won through careful planning and tight csotrol. it is elying on a sense of unity among the country, the divers, and the boys themselves. ews. williamson, bbc effectlet's explore the all of this is having on the young boys. for that my spoke with a professor of child development at the university of minnesota. what kinds of emotions do you expect the boys who have been rescued will be experiencing now in the aftermath? >> of course this has been aex harrowinrience and prolonged, with a lot of fears about death in the darkness and starving. it would be normal for these boys to have a lot of trauma symptoms over time. that would include feelings of fearfulness, trouble sleeping, feeling jumpy, being afraid to be alone or having concerns about the dark, that sort of thing. and that would be a normal
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reaction. laura: for the boys who are still waiting to be rescued, how difficult a moment is this for them mentally? >> well, think this whole experience has been extremely difficult, the waiting on the -- the waiting and the fear. but i think what now is happening is they are beginning to realize that it is possible to get out. i think that the diving team,e the experts, hobably done an amazing job of keeping these boys feeling unified, feeling proud of what they are learning to do. sothink that could mitigat of the fear. but of course the waiting is difficult. laura: clearly the team spirit of the boys is very very strong. how helpful could that be in the longer term as they try to recover from all this? >> i think it is extraordinarily important. this is a very unusual experience, but we know fromr
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otaumatic situations that children do feel a sense of camaraderie. these boys were alreada team. and so i'm sure there has been an even stronger bonding experience. i think it will be important fat they have support not only from each other, bm their families and the community. we know that resilience is very common, even after the most extraordinary experiences. this kind of team exmaraderie anrience can make a positive difference. laura: could the boys' very youth help them to recover and leave this behind? ell, i think it is hard to know for sure, but kids this age are more flexible. they tend to be more optimistic. they tend to recover quickly.th k if they have the right kinds of support, it often is the case that they do very well. laura: thank you so much for joining us. let's hope that is the case.
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you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come tonight's program, a different kind of world cup challenge. we will see how friendly the streets and venues in russia are to those with disalities. a family in france has become the first in the world to move into a 3-d-printed house. the four-bedroom property is a perverted tight prototype for bigger atojects. the designers say hey can cut theru constction in 10 years. day. is moving they are about to become the firste family and rld to live in a 3-d-printed house. the house was a theeen the city council, area's biggest housing association, and the university.
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it is a prototype for bigger projects, with thedooal of cuttin the time it takes to construct, reducing the environmental impac and crucially, the cost. it took 54 houho to print his and cost around 100 and 76,000 pounds -- 176,000 pounds in total to construct will to a house is designed to mr. deal with the team architect and scientists. the design is programmed into 3-d printer the printer is placed onto a plot of land. it works by printing and layers from the floor upward. first, two blocks of the insulator are laid. it expands, solidifying almost instantly. the space in between those two walls is filled with cement, creating a tck, insulated, and durable law. voila, you have a home. what were yo first impressions? it on a block of council
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-- we lived on a block of council flats. today is a big change for us. it is amazing toave an attached house. reporter: and it is radical innovations t like tht will ultimately change the way we live. laura: in just a few hours time, president trump will make a prim etime address and let us all tow who he has picked reple anthony kennedy on the supreme court. who are the contenders? from left to right, judge raymond kethledge, former clerk to justice kennedy, judge brett kavanaugh, former aide to george w. bush. then theres amy coney barrett, alcatholic mother of seven championed by so
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conservatives. someone whose stock is said to have risen over the weekend is judge thomas hardiman, who was on the' presid's shortlist last time. earlier i spoke with jeffrey rosen of the nationalco titution center. jeffrey, how consequential will the next appointment be to the balance of the court? jeffrey: this will be the most consequential appointment to the supreme court since at least 1987 when justice kennedy himself was appointed. the future of the 14thment to the constitution, which turns 150 today, is at stake on questions ranging from affirmative action to abortion to marriage equality. it is impossible to understate the significance of this appointment. laura: based on the president's first appoinent, neil gorsuch, do you expect for him to choose someone in that mo and have a straightforward confirmation hearing? jeffrey: we know the finalists. you mentioned four of them. he new york times" reported this afternoon that the president is down to two,
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kavanaugh and hardiman. both are indeed conservatives, although there are differences hem -- not all judicial conservatives are the same. in particular, we don't know their approach to precedent. whether they would be willing to overturn roe v wade and other presidents with which they disagree. judge kavanaugh and judge hardiman are not the same. the other candidates are differenas well. all are able conservatives. we will know who the president picked soon. laura: if we leave abortion out of it, which aa of american life does the supreme court have the most impact on? jeffrey: well, it has an effect on every single aspect of american life. not only issues involving government searches and seizures like cellphone privacy andr whete government can seize data, to questions about the scope of the regulatory state and whether it is permissible te regulate tironment. immigration -- we have been seeing daily headlines about the president's power to act by tiecutive order.
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more broadly, cotional questions about whether the president can act unilaterally through executive orders or whether he needs congressional consen it is a truism that every political question in america ends up as a judicial question. all of the most tly contested questions in american life and t and up before the supreme court. laura: given what you just said they are, can supreme court justices remain about politics when the process of selecting them is so partisan, too?re je it is a very important question, and broadly over american history the answer is yes.ug judges se to separate the political from constitutional visions and rule based on their sion of the constitution rather than partisan politics. notne thinks the supreme co is ruling just to help republicans or democrats, except in the most extraordinary cases. but there is orlap between conservatives and liberals and we have a 5-4 court, and chief justice roberts wants this court to appeato be above politics
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because he thinks it is important for legitimacy. once justice kennedy retires and he has a solid conservative majority, his ability to enforce gly vision will be str tested. laura: jeffrey rosen, thank you so much for joining us. jeffrey: thank you very much. wlaura: as e just saying, president trump's pick for the supreme court could have a huge bopact on american law, at least when it comes toion. for years pro-life campaigners have wanted the court to overturn roe v wade, the ruling that legalized termination of a pregnancy. pro-oice advocates want them to leave that well alon katty kay has more. >> abortion is a human right. >> we are pro-life. we are pro-life. katty: abortion was legalized in america 45 years ago. today it is one of the most divisive issues in the country. president trump now has a chance to put a serious dent in a woman's right terminate the pregnancy with the second supreme court nomination.
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it will define his legacy d fect the social direction of the country for a generation. and abortion rights are central. >> do you want to see the court overturn roe v wade? pres. trump: we put another two or three justices on, that is, what will happd that will happen automatically in my opinion because i'm putting pro-life justices on trt. katty: could those pro-life, more conservative justices do what was until recently unthinkable and overturn the legislation that legalized abortion in the u.s.? >> in a landma ruling, the supreme court today legalized abortions. katty: the 1973 case roe v wade legalized abortion in all 50 states based on a woman's right to privacy as laid out in the u.s. constitution. but the ruling only applied to the first trimester of a woman's nancy. after that, individual statesd coke their own rulings. more and more of them are doing
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so, effectively restricting access to abortion. it is a bit complicated, but near 20 states already have bans on abortion after the 20th week of pregnancy. others like mississippi and iowa are trying to make it even earlier. we have also seen more restrictions on waiting periods and the use of private insurance to pay for procedures. if an abortion case were to come before a n, more conservative supreme court, there is a chance that roe v wade could be overturned. that would be a huge victory for mr. trump's chriian base. nearly half of conservative republicans say that abortion was a very important factor inth r vote in 2016.fo white evangelicals, the number is even higher. >> what do we want? >> abortion rights! attty: but here's the twist -- polls also show thmericans want to keep abortion legal. a survey released after the news
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that justice kennedy was stepping down shows that two thirds of americans think the supreme court should simply leave the law alone. abortion is the most contentious issue this nomination, but there are a host of ways that a right-leaning court could change life in america. laura: that was katty kay reporting there. thousandse world cup of fans with disabilities have gone to russia in support of their national teams. more than tickets have been sold. is it really that easy to getar nd?po our er went to meet an england fan with limited mobility to find out. l >> man, ks dangerous. i won't try that. that is meant for people with wheelchas. my name is paul, and iave a chronic nerve condition down my leg. it hurts if i move too much. we work worried about if we can
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get around, how we can get to the stadium. reporter: paul is one of thousands of disabled fans with limited mobility who have come to russia. >> 22,222 special access tickets were sold, a record for their world cup. >> i'm impressed with theampsli the one i came up there to get around the steps here. the memorial come also in shopping centers. reporter:n at a metro statio moscow he is assisted by staff.e >> i'm rvous, but these guys have done it before. i guess i'm not going to fall down. it does feel a bit unnatal. reporter: when leaving the metro, we bumped into a local russian who also has limited bility. >> i think it is just a show for foreners. in real life, accessibility in russia is much worse than authorities are trying to show. reporter: weust watch the
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-- er, paul inrs l the stadium in moscow has just watched the world cup match. >> it was all goll. it was reamodern. , erything felt really modern. ramps everywhereople to help us, and then straight out to the seating area. it was all good. reporter: russian authoritiese arying hard to ensure better good access for all fans during the world cup. but the question remains, will ontinue after the final whistle?ro laura: gettingd at the moscow -- getting around moscow there. finally, the wimbledon tennis tournament is entering a crucial onriod. roger federer ha again made the quarterfinals, and serena williams is also through. as for future stars of tennis, spare a thought for the son of novak djokovic. the serbian star wasng with his little doubles partner when the younger djokovic took a tumble to his credit, he got back up again, something we have seen boris becker donce or twice in
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the past. remember, you can find more of all the day's news on our website. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching news america." >> with the bbc news app, ourt veical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your wo the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestne headyou can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, koer foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chel. we strip away everything t stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we havee signed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening and welcome to this pbs newshour special report. i'm judy woodruff.wa we are momentsfrom we are moments away from president trump's announcement of his nominee to the united s statreme court. it is mr. trump's second opportunity to leave his mawk on americanperhaps for decades to come. toni higher than before.ven whoever is chosen will fill the vacancy of retiring justice anthony kennedy, who's often been the determining vote on landmark decisions. it has been widely reported

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