tv BBC World News America PBS July 17, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs,po and put financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our tomind, and then we begin chisel. ha strip away everything t stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have ed our modern approach t banking around you --
your pla, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington,el am laura trn. president trump does serious damage control a day after histi much-czed summit with vladimir putin. he tries to clear up where he stands. pres. trump: i've said this manc times, it our intelligence community's conclusion that russia's meddling in the 2016 election took place. laura: three years on, and nomen's civil war showigns of letting up, with millions facing famine. we wl have a special report.
>> the president's wife is away, so the president goes to the ballgame. laura: it is time to play ball. the all-star game comes to the u.s. capital, with a lon the u.s. capital, with a long hig their pa. laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. first came the blowbac and now the backtrack. president trump was under fire even under those in his own party for the cozy summit with vladim w putin. at tte house today, he said he had full faith in america's intelligence agencies and accepted the conclusion that russia meddl in the 2016 election, before adding "it could have been other people also." the b's chris buckler starts our coverage. chris: with president trump, nothing comes without a ttle
drama, even what some might regard as an apology.pr . trump: i have full faith in our intelligence agencies. oops, they just turned off the light, must be the intelligence. agenci chris: after so much outrage, he had l new light on what he said in helsinki, as he appeared to support vladimir putin's claim that russia did not meddle in america's ection. pres. trump: i would like to clarify just in case it wasn't -- in a key sentence in my remarks, instead of "wouldn't." the sentence should have been "i don't see any reason why i wouldn't, or it wouldn't be russia." >> what mr. trump did yesterday was to betray the men d women of the fbi, cia, and others, and to betray the american publi that is why i use the term that this is nothing short oftr sonous. chris: former intelligence chiefs, political opponents, ann evenr members of donald trump own republican party line up to crthe president and question his claim that it
is better to forget the past when there are real present-day concerns about russian activities. rep. ryan: i understand the desire and need to have good relations, that is perfectly reasonable, but russia is a menacing government that does not share our values. >> should president trump be rebuked? rep. ryan: i just -- chris: that was a question he didn't answer pres. trump: germany is a captive of russia. s:ch republicans were embarrassed by the stark contrast with the combative trump who challenged allies at the nato summit compared to the president who appeared all too cozy with an old enemy and sided with vladimir putin over america's own intelligence agencies. hit with a shower of heavy criticism, president trump appears to have taken cover in the claim that he misspoke. voters in virginia seemed a little unsure about what america's foreign is. >> it is like we are getting friendly with people we should
not be and not as friendly with people we prably should be. i think president trump could have done a better job. but also i realize -- you know, he is not a politician. >> i feel like we are in the dark on things and we have been given twists from the president as far as this is true, this is not true. chris: with investigations stiln ing, with allegations of interference and collusion, it is not just the white house looking to shed light on what russia might have been responsible for.le chris bu bbc news, washington. laura: for more, i was trying to short time ago by senior fellow at the council on foreign relations. the president now says he does accept the conclusion . intelligence agencies that russia meddled in the presidential election. has the damage been done? >> he did a lot of damage in helsinki. that performance was embarrassing and really played
straight into putin's hands. the backtrack was not that effective today, because he read a prepared statement that the staff had given him, and then he ad-libbed off of that and said it could have been other peop' he doesn'really mean it. laura: for vladimir putin, what does he make of it all? james: putin got what he wanted at the summit.an he got to with the president. e e president said putin strongly denied ddling, as president trump said before. i don't think putin will be too worried about what tru said today. laura: however, president trump did warn today that the u.s. will do everything in its power to prevent russia interfering in the 201 elecon. how seriously do you think vladimir putinill take that? james: well, we don't have any esident is that the leading an effective response on this issue, and that is the big question -- can the united states generate an effective response to what russia is doing?if
resident trump is not fully on board and fully engaged with this effort? laura: is it possible we can?re the or of national intelligence warned last week the warning lights are blinking d over a russian cyberattack. could impose sanctions on russia if it thinks this is going on now. james: what we -- we have seen the dynamic already in this administration where congress imposed some additional sanctiars in trump's first and the president has declined to implement them. congress would really need to be able to become much more engaged on these issues than it has to date. laura: the great unanswered question is what president trump and president putin talked about rin their more than two-h private meeting without, apparently, a notetaker. edthe president refeo that and how long it went on. how significant could that
meeting be? james: hugely significant, and we don't know what they said. pretty nmal for us not to know. the problem is the national security advisor did not kno what was said, the secretary of state did not know what was said. whatever president trump told them about what he said in the meeting, they can't really believe it. laura: do you think it was his national surity team that wanted him to make the clarifying statement because of everything that has gone on? james: i think both his national security team and his political team. they realize that yest helsinki was an absolute disaster. they are trying to cover that up as quickly as possible. laura: is it possible that all of this does backfire against vladimir putin, because there was a backlash against president trump seeming too close to him in helsinki? james: it is hard for president to develop a real relationship with putin and for the u.s.-russia relationship to get back on track, because everyso time trump doething that looks like he is being generous
to putin, people areg why. he compromised, did the russians assist him in the election? it is rd for him to get traction, and it increases the democratic party's resistance to working more closely with the russians. laura: thank you smuch for joining us. james: thanks for having me. laura: u tted nations has warned that 8 million people ine n are on the verge of a famine after eight years of civil war. in an exclusive interview, president hadi di ended the sampaign which has killed many civilians. our international correspondent orla guerin and cameraman have this report, which does contn distressing images. orla: an ancient civilization ringedy mountains and entombed by conflict. yemenis have spent years living
in the shadow of the gun. here is the relt -- this is at childhood looks like in yemen. if you live long enough. many don't. heof is now growing a nomad thanks to the war. p he arrived in this camis ago -- a month ago and said it is very tiring. he spends his days collecting water. he says he misses his home and his toys. he had to leave them behind when his town was shelled by houthi fighrs. at 11 years old, he is the man of the family. his home is a bare tent, where his mother has only r children and her grief. she tells me his father was
killed 18 months ago, collateral damage in a saudi airstrike. >> when my husband was killed, we went to see his body. -- we were not able to see his body. we only w pieces. we couldn't tell it was him. that was forces on the news of his dth -- that was worse than the news of his death. orla: to add to the misery here, there is a dust storm ki ning up now, aescape from the punishing temperatures. many of the families have been trapped in these conditions for months, waiting for help that hasn't come. aid workers say yemenis are victs not only of war, but also of global indifference. and now more than ever they are victims of hunger, like one who suffers from acute malnutrition. we found her in her mother's arms at a local clinic. she is three months old, buths
webout half of what she should. her doctor is confident that she will recover, but he is haunted by those who didn't survive, like the boy he lost last month. >> a father came, carrying his son, who had diarrhea and vomiting. he wanted to save him. the boy died at the dr. the man couldn't afford food, much less medicine. orla: and that is the reality across yemen, as a civil war grinds on between govern nt troops and shia houthi rebels. but this remote battlefield is part of a regional power struggle. cegovernment fare backed by a sunni arab coalition led by saudi arabia. the rebels are allegedly armed
by the saudis' rival, shia iran. would usually goes unseen is britain's role. it is a major arms exporter to the sais. years of war have brought the oorestorld's p nation to the brink of collapse, but has not brought president rabbuh mansur hadi back to power. easy to see who he relies on now, saudi arabia and the uae. we managed to meet president hehadi in the so port city of aden on one of his rareo visitsme soil. given that the united nations has said that the majority of civilian casualties here arers caused by ikes by the saudi-led coalition, have you iser regretted the decision to bring them into onflict? pres. hadi: i don't regret it at all.
otherwise we would not have liberated part of the country, from aden to elsewhere. without the support of the coalition, these areas would have been under the ntrol of e houthis. we believe the coalition operation decisive storm is the most successful one that has ever been undertaken by the arab world.la you say it is successful, president hadi, but three years on you are still not in control in the capital, more than 10,00n 8 ople have illed, and the united nations sayllion people are on the brink of famine. pres. hadi: if decisive storm had not happed, it would have been the beginning of a major civil war, lasting even longer than the conflict in somalia. orla: but it has already been far too long for many, like
mohammed bashir, the very embodiment of yemen's agony, ravaged by hunger. war and poverty delayed his parents bringing him for treatment. two days after these images were taken, he passed away, failed utterly by his broken country and failed by the world. orla guerin, bbc news, southern yemen. laur the tragic cost of yemen' war paid by the most for vculnerable.most in other news now, dozens of syrian civilians have approached israeli army positions on the golan heights asking for help. israeli troops warned them to leave the area. thousands of displaced civilians fleeing a syrian army advance together at the border region. israel would not allow them to
cross, but sent eight across the frontier. iran is preparing to boost his uranium your richmond -- enrichment program in the event the collapse of the nuclear deal. president trump has abt.doned the co iran is negotiating with the europeans in an effort to salvage it. the ato says measures have been adopted to increase uranium if the ta s protesters who interpted the world cup final on sunday have been sentenced to 15 days in jail. the protesters from the activist wore fakey riot police uniforms and said it was a protest against human rights abuses in russia. you areatching "bbc world news america." still to comet' on tonig's program, president obama is back on the world stage. in south africa, he warns against the politics of fear and resentment. laura: for votes in hawaii face
more restrictions after passengers were injured by a volcanic explosion. authities are in this getting whether a vessel hit by lava th.s were too close to reporter: interrupting ibaka know is the scene of -- is thegolno scene of immense power. o when nature pua show, people want front row tickets. big island, two are both leave every day to watch the almost constant you options -- eruptions on the volcanic close ally. more experienced crews can get closer. boat hotspot, it was calm. people filmed the lava boiling
the ocean. no one was prepared for this. the debris punched a hole through the rf, breaking a woman's leg pad showering engers with sizzling rocks. >> w there no time to move. you are in a small boat. there is nowhere to go. you have 20 feet and everyone is in the same spo it is rather terrifying. back at the harbor, the hotspot offloaded his passengers, and some were taken to hospital. an inquiry is under way as to whether the rules on lava tours shoubu be tightened. the company said the incident has not affected the demand for tickets.
ura: former u.s. president barack obama has been warning against the rise of what hn calls stronglitics. speaking in south africa to mark the 100th anniversary of nelson mandela's birth, he spoke out against the politics of fear and resentment, striking a more uplifting tone. mr. obama: l me tell you what i believe. i believe in nelson mandela's sion. i believe in a vision shared byi gand king and abraham lincoln. i believe in a vision equality and justice and freedom and multiracial democracy built on the premise that all people are created equal, and they are endowed our creator with certain inalienable rights. laura: a brief time ago i spoke
to a rmer assistant secretary of state for african affairs during the obama administration. does barack obama feel tha nelson mandela's legacy of equality and human rights is under threat like never before? >> i didn't get from his speh that he felt like it was under threat. i think the message he wanted to deliver is that we must continue to fight to maintain the freedoms that we have won. i saw the speech as being very hopeful. laura: he took aim at strongman politics around the globe. he is clearly very concerned about how the lure of the strongman can be resisted. linda: he is. that message also resonated not just in africa, it resonated globally. and i think it particularly was important for audiences to hear him make the statemes. laura: one observer call his
speech an eloquent rebuke toen prestrump. did you hear it like that? linda: i saw the speech as inspirational. i saw the speech as hopeful at a time when people were feeling hopeless.te it could be eqas a speech that would address some of the responses to president trump's speech, but i think speaking in much more positive borms, and he was speaking many issues. laura: he was indeed, and he had this idea of the world at a crossroads. but how in democracies can leaders persuade voters not to retreat into the politics of retrenchment? linda: it is difficult. we have seen the africans in particular want democrac they have said that they want democracy. we have seen them use the vote in a way to promote democracy. i think leaders need to understand that and they need to hear it. president obama's message is that democracy starts at the grassroots. it is not at the top. it has to start at the bottom. i think that message was very
clear. laura: especially in africa, this message about how it can be spread with social media -- if you think back to rwanda with the genocide being broadcast on the radi do you think what he has to say is particularly listened to in africa in that point? linda: i think it is absolutely listened to, and the power social media today and the impact that social media has on people cannot be ignored. i think that was the message he livering. he saidck we cannot put it n a box. we have to figure out how to use it in a much more positive way. laura: barack obama often seeks out younger audiences. today was no exception.ag is that his me that it is down to you, the next generation, to figure this out? linda: absolutely. i thought he was inspiring to young people, that their job is to move forward and to figure ounew solutions for old problems.
i think they heard him loudly and clearly. laura: this is t most high-profile speech that barack obama has made since he left office. do you feel we will ro hearing morehim? linda: i can only hope we will hear more from him. this speech has set a tone thats eeded, and i think his supporters will be looking to hear more from him. laura: thank you so much for. joining linda: thank you. laura: washington, d.c. can will play host tonight to major league basebl's 89th annual all-star game. it is a chance for the best players to take a break from the regular season and show their skills to a nationwide audieope, and also artunity for this highly politicized city to enjoy the simple joy of an american summer. but it is hard to separate the sport from the politics. reporter: politics and baseball
have gone hand in glove since washington hosted its very first all-star game back in 1937. president roosevelt was on hand d members of congress broke for the day to catch the action. dethat stadium, since molished was a stone's throw from the capitol. depending on how strong your are. since then, washington hosted the event three more times, and politics was never far away. >> theayresident's wife is from the home, so the president goes to the ballgame reporter: dwight eisenhower was a big baseball fan. he was i first pitch when the city hosted again in 1956, but was recovering from surgery and had to decline. jfk tossed the first ball in 1962 at d.c. stadium, later named after his brother robert following his assassination. in 1969, vice president spiro agnew filled in for richard nixon. the president had other plans -- he was greeting the apollo 11 astronauts.
they had justck gotten ba from the moon. the last president to hit theds moun was barack obama in 2009 -- not in d.c., though. that was in st. louis. this year president trump is skipping the festivities. he is more interested in golf than the country's national pastime. as for the game itself, baseball much likamerican politics, baseball is a two-party system between the national league and the amer nan league. ovrly nine decades, each has won 43 games. whoever wins gets bragging rights, only for a year. laura: washington, the town ere everything is political, including the joys of summerlike baseball. presidenthat eisenhower could only go to the game when his wife was away. chopefully times nge. you can find much more on all the bases on a website, tocluding the latest on ou story, president trump's attempt
to clarify his comments at the summit in helsinki. to see what we are working on at any time, check us out on twitter. am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> witthe bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to round your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now fm selected app stores. >> funding of is presentation made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow it stath a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel.er we strip away ything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financi have
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... i accept our intelligen community's conclusion that russian meling in the 2016 election took plac >> woodruff: an about face: president trump tries toontain the fallout from his statements supporting vladimir putin. we get reaction, including from former secretary of state s deline albright. then, puerto ricctor shortage. after scramble to find medical care while more pediatricians leave re island. and, theing popularity of vaping in schools. ra cigarette smoking goes out of fashion, the newice of so-called "juuling" takes its place.