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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  July 20, 2018 6:00pm-7:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'mf. judy woodr on the "newshour" tonight: the international fallout from the helsinki summit. om ukraine to syria, what president trump's meeting withun putin means foed states policy abroad. then, fighng to breathe-- military veterans exposed to toxic air in iraq and afghanistan struggle for a proper diagnosis.y >>eling is that constrictive bronchiolitis is very prelent, and probably second only to p.t.s.d. >> woodruff: and it's friday-- mark shields and reihan salam are here to discuss a volatile week for the white house. all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs
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>> this program de possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs stion from viewers like yo thank you. >> woodruff: president trump heads into this weekend still facing questions about his helsinki talks with vladimir putin-- and about a possible second summit. the kremlin said today it's open to mr. trump's idea of inviting president putin to washington this fall. u.s. secretary of state mike pompeo said it would be "all to the good." we'll have a full report after the news summary. secretary pompeo also pressed north korea today for concrete actions on dismantling its nuclear program. he traveled to t united nations in new york, and said the security council is set to keep enforcing sanctions until
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the north acts. >> chairman kim made ase. he told president trump and moon he's prepared to denuclearize. he understands what that means. there's no mistake about the scope. we need to see kim do what he promised he would do. >> woodruff: south korea's central bank estimated today that the north's economy sharply contracted last year, due to the sanctions. in southwestern syria rebels and civilians began evacuating from the ontier near the israeli- occupied golan heights. dozens of busetransported them opposition-held areas in northern syria, as part of a surrender de. united nations' refugee officials welcomed the arrangement. >> we urge all parties in syria to protect and prode safe passage to civilians displaced by the recent fighting in the south of the country.
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an estimated 140,000 people remain displaced across the southwest and need safe passage out of the area, plus immediate humanitarian assistance, protection and shelt. >> woodruff: the rebels are now confined to part of northwestern syria. kurdish militias control large parts of the northeast. back in this country, the about possibly paying o a former play boy model in a secret recording. the "new york times" and othersr arorting his former personal lawyer michael coh t mae recording two months before the 2016 election. made the recording, two months before the 2016 election. karen mcdougal claimed she'd had ie affair with mr. trump in 2006, which he's d his current lawyer, rudy giuliani, says the conversation shows mr. trump did nothing wrong. the justice department reports
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at least 364 iant children older than five have been reunited with their parents. roey are among more than 2,500 children separatedtheir parents at the mexican border. a federal judge in san diego has set a ly 26 deadline to reunite all the families. divers in missouri hav recovered 17 bodies from an amphibious boat that sank on a storm-tossed lake. it happened last night, near the country-western tourist town of branson. nine victims came from one family. witness videos captured the boat capsizing in churning waves and winds of 65 miles an hour. pledged a full investigation. >> gonna take time to know details of everything that's occurred. the sheriff, the highway patrol, a lot of people are tro answer questions you're asking. we don't know the status of all the events yet, it's still being investigated. >> woodruff: a severe w thunderstoning had been issued for branson about 40 minutes before the boat went down.
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trpair crews were out in c iowa today, after tornadoes hita yestand injured 17 people. forecasters say at least five twisters swept across cities-- bondurant, marshalltown and pella. social media vid captured the storms flattening buildings.,0 nearly 600 customers lost power, and one hospital wa evacuated. meanwhile, much of the south is roasting in triple digit heat that could last into next week. the republicans will hold their 2020 national convention in charlotte, north carola. the party made its choice today. las vegas was the other finalist. the charlotte city council endorsed the idea this week, by a single vote. the president now sa he's willing to go the limit in a trade war with china. he told cnbc that he'd slap tariffs on everything that beijing sells to the u.s. unless chinese trade policies change. that's more than $500 billion
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dollars worth of goods. the president acknowledged it could damage the stock market. " but he sai it does, it does." >> i would have a higher stock market right now, lm's already upt 40%, as you know, since the election. it could be 80% if i didn't want to do this, but ultimately, what i'm doing is making it so it's right. >> woodruff: the u.s. already imposed tariffs on $34-billion dollars worth of goods from china-- with another $16-billiow in tks. china has retaliated in kind. the president also criticized the federal reserve again today for raising intest rates. but his budget chief insisteum mr. respects the fed's independent role. on wall street, the dow jones industrial average lost six points to close at 25,058. the nasdaq feel five points. and the s&p 500 slipped two. still to come on the "newshour," what president trump's relationship with vladimir putin means for ukraine, syria and
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nato. at least 100 new allegations of sexual abuset ohio state university. iraq and afghanist war veterans exposed to toxic particles. plus, much more. >> woodruff: president trump has made waves on thworld stage an here at home over the last ten days. as foreign affairs correspondent nick schifrin reports, from nato to helsinki, many are asking, what happens now? >> schifrin: in moscow tay, russia's coordinated and consistent message machine crafted its rsion of the helsinki summit, from russia's state tv... to a phalanx of sissian generals... to rusa's top diplomat in the u.s. the message: presidents putin and trump are on the same page. >> ( translated ): they went over the whole cycle of bilateral connections, as well as the problems in regional and global security.
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schifrin: russian ambassador to the u.s. anatoly antonov called the summit pivotal, and called u.s. criticism of president trump a sign oys americanria. >> ( translated ): as president trump said, a witch hunt is what it is. >> schifrin: in the u.s., senior officials were idatially in the rk on the details of the trump-putin meeting, but secretary of state mike agmpeo cautionenst accepting russia's narrative. >> well, i'm not sure i'd take the ssian ambassador's word for a whole lot. from time to time they are wont to tell sties. here's what i know: i've had a chance to talk with president trump about his scussions with president putin. there was progress made on a handful of fronts. >> that progress despite a flurry of questions whether trump did or did not agree to the summit. beyond the washington political ping pong the summit produce there's serious polnsy uences in the two presidents' dialogue.pr the esidents discussed
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more than a half dozen issues, including eastern ukraine-- where russian-backed separatists have battled u.s.-backed ukrainian soldiers to a stalemate. putin proposed holding a new referendum to determine the area's fate, similar to the widely questioned bahat led to crimea's annexation. ayday the white house rejected putin's propsal,g, "to organize a so-called referendum in a part of ukraine which is not under government control would have no legitimacy." the two leaders also disssed nato-- the historic foundation of the transatlantic alliance-- a thorn in russia's side, as president putin reiterated yesterday to russian diplomats. >> ( translated ): the key for safety and sustainpmle devet in europe is broadening cooperation and rebuilding trust, not expanding new bases litarytr infrasucture of nato near russia's borders. >> schifrin: president trump's aides insist he supports to strongly. this administration has maintained support for nato troops based near russia's borders and secured ineneased defensng from nato allies. but president trump has berated those allies. and today, german chancellor angela merkel admitted that has taken a toll.
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>> ( translated ): i think it is fair to say that the values, or our usual framework, are underat strong pressurhe moment. >> schifrin: trump and putin also discussed the future of syria and its rder with israel, where today syrian rebels evacuated, consolidating syrian government control. u.s. officials say trump and putin want to limit the influence of iranian-backed troops that support syria, and repatriate hundreds of thousands of refugees. but the 2,000 u.s. troops in syria have not received any new marching orders, says p middle east commander general joseph votel, and still consider russia an adversary. >> russia's support protection has allowed the syrian regime to escape full accountability for their use of chemical weapons and horrendous violence against their own people. >> schifrin: and the world's two largest nuclear powers also discussed the future of their arsenals. russia wants to renew a 2011 treaty that caps lar nuclear weapons, but expires next year, as putin said this week. >> ( translated ): i reassured
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president trump that russia stands readyo extend this treaty, to prolong it, but we have to agree on the specifics at first. >> schifrin: but the u.s. accuses russia of violating aat 1987 trey restricting medium- range nuclear weapons. and the russian military is testing new nuclear weapons. it released video today of what it called a nuclear powered cruise missile. in the u.s., t president is dogged by questions. in russia, officials are trying to control the narrative, pleased with what they consider a successful performance. for the pbs newshour, i'm nick schifrin. >> woodruff: so where do the u.s. and russia go from here? has the helsinki summit paved the way for better relations? we get two views. dimitri simes is president of the center for the national interest, a foreign policy think tank founded by president richard nixon. he is a native of the soviet union, and since 1980 has beenn an ameritizen. during the george h.w. bush administration he was a consultant to the national intelligence council.
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andrew weiss worked for both republan and democratic administrations as a staffer on the national security council s and in tte and defense departments. he's now at the caegie dowment for international peace. welcome you both to the program. andrew wei to you first. heard second pompeii owe say that progress was made on several fronts at the helsinki summit. others say they're not so sure. what's your reaisding? t your sense that they made head way on some of these important issues? >> i would be very surprised if they made head y. the real progress that's been made i think is the administration has bas set a new standard for not sharing information for whatned. four days since the summit they've done a very i tnk subter futing job keeping that information so closely held that people in congress, the aiell around the world is effectively in the dark including big farts
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of our government. basically there's a message going out there's going to be this great new relationshiped between the unstates and russia but no real acknowledgment that the differences and the probls and what is an adversarial relationship run veryee they will evade easy quick solutions unless of course donald trump basically sells oua on kpects of europe's foreign policy. >> woodruff: dimitri simes what do you s, tangible progress. >> i don't know what tangible progress is. i don't think the suas about specific agreements. i don't think either side was prepared to sign or agree to the agreements. that was about the relationship. this was about chemistry between the two presidents. and they are feeling a little better aboueach her without surrendering any importance. i don't think it's neessarily so bad. it would be bad if from the basis ofis general but
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somewhat hopeful conversation anyone would conclude that our relationship is fundamental re changed. e ined states remain and li the case of u.s. relationship, we should strive for e bet but be aware of difficulties and certainly not to yield to eacheh before is a real agreement. >> woodruff: well, if there were no agreements at all, then we may be asking about more than exists. but andrew weiss, let's talkm about e of this. i mean tensions between to in the trump and face of that, we heard president putin speak and peoae who hve talked to president putin say he's talking about a proposal that he made to president trouble about a referendum in ukraine -- president trump about a refendum in ukraine. what cute of that much is that >> it's completely realistic. i think it's a by-product of basically only meeting with
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vladimir putin one-on-one. president trump basically insisted that this had to be a one-on-one meeting. it went more than two hours ande as dealing with a foreign counterpart who has been at this for 20 years, who basically knows all the bodies are buried literally and figuratively and make ideas sound convincing to foreign ears. so donald trump seems to have stepped into a vriy of self made problems for himself. it would have been a lot easier if he had couple senior advisor along for the ride some of this could have been avoided. >> woodruff: whether there was progress made on any specifics, is it your sense that the u.s. comes out of that that nato come out of that he meetings stronger or not givene for examat the conversation may have been about ukraine. >> i'll briefly say something about the referendum.re threndum itself is not a problem. >> woodruff: in ukraine. >> in ukraine. it would be a problem if it
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would be a referendum about independence. the russians today very specifically denied thend refes they're talking about. it would be about independence like several years ago in the case of premier. they are talking about autonomy inside ukraine. my point is the deails. both russians and ukrainians are talking about peace keepers. a very diaferent ide about whether peace keepers would be located and what they would doing. what we have accomplished i ho that we have started ace negotiating pr. president trump by his very nature is not equipped to shade details awe been greement. that's why pompeii owe and his colleagues now will be in the driver's seat. >> woodruff: we're not going to understand have full answersy here cleecause we don't,
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as you said andrew at the outset there's a lot we don't kow. but just quickly let me touch on two other things. the start, new start nuclear weapons agreement. is it possible there was so progress made in discussing extending that? >> well judy, i thnk before we turn it out on the ukraine piece, just so everyone knows there's no progression in the nuclear agreement which is the guiding direct document that will hopefully provide lasting peace in ukraine about a referendum. it would imagine holding a ference are dumb in an area held by a neighboring country which is engaged in such an awful campaign of subversion and aggression against its neighbor. on the newtart question, we have i think a real requirement as the two leadinguclear powers which is what trump alluded to, to deal with our relationship in a constructive fashion and that these treaty is
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expiringn 2021. the two sides could move forward rather easily on an executive agreement to extend it for five years buthere's a bigger issue which is russian cheating on the inf treaty. so the administration's either going to have to basically suck it up and take t critical heat of extending without resolving our returns about the nf treaty or look for a dea.l on the tra it was alluded to, donald trump is not the person to be negotiating complex arms control deals. we'll see what comes of this but i think the russians are going to see if the u.s. wats this more than they do and they already are playing hard to quick. >> woodruff: just quickly, where do you see any hope for progress on the new start. >> on the newart i actually think consideration to the agreement signed and passed by the administration. i have reservations about the agreement today. i don't think this is an ideal agreement. having said that this is the bly agreement we have. i think it woul a good idea
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to extend it but only as andrew said if the russis would agree tocredibly address the arms control spcifically missiles. that is a condition presented by the united states. >> woodruff: less than a minute left but i do want to get a comment from both of you on this appent plan by the administration by the white house to invite vladimir putinfo to washingtoa second summit time this fall. andrewiss? >> donald trump seems completely tone deaf of washington which im entirely hking by the disastrous performance on the kerches monday. republicans and democrats look at a new round of sanctions agains this is the worst case outcome. ondon't see how russia or the trump administracould feel good about what they created here. it's a huge mess. >> woodruff: am quick coment. >> if mr. trump wants to make his relations with russia center
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piece of his electoral campaign which would be a very strange idea then of course he can proceed with the summit in washington. if he also wants to create new difficulties in the relations, again as an true said if he wants to have another relations and sanctions then the summit is a way to go absolutely is a bad >> woo sounds like ufidea. there's agreement on this. dimitri simes, andrew weisswe thank you both. >> thank you. >> woodruff: now, a sexual abuse scandal from decades past blows wide open at ohio state univsity. the university announced today that more than 100 former students are reporting firsthand allegations of abuse by a former team doctor anessor at the school. amna nawaz gets more details on an independent investigation at
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ohio state. >> nawaz: a law firm retained by alio state has conducted more than 200 interviewady. the investigation began in april after former members of the thmen's wrestling team sai team physician, richard strauss, abused them. since then, athletes from 14 varsity sports have made similar allegations. strauss kied himself in 2005. the former students and athletes said strauss comtted the abuse between the 1970s and 1990s. jennifer smola is a higher education reporter who h been covering this story for the "columbus dispatch." i spoke with her earlier and asked her about the scope and the nature of the allegations. there are nowthletes from 14 sports teams that have reported abuse by dr. straus. some of the wrtlers have been some of the vocals. la crosse, volleyball, swimming, football. reallyhink of a men's varsity sport in college, you mai name . he worked with them.
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he was a doctor with human health services and saw students who went to the student health o cent campus and as we know he established private practice here in colum the mid 90's. it sounds as though that was not in operation very long, but through our reporting we found that he did offer some work experience to some nursing students at oh ohio state and e oudents did part timerk with him and may have seen athletes at that center as wel there have been reports of abuse through his time with the spor teams, had you his time at the student health center and through his time in private practice. >> the university phaseswo class action lawsuits from somee former wre. what do we know or what they didn't know about some of the alleged behavior. >> right. those lawsuits were filed this week on behalf of five rr
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wrestlers. each of them allege they were abused by dr.ichard straus and the university knew about that abuse and yet ohio state failed to stop that misconduct. the reports abo what university administrators may have known vary from athletes saying that this was commonly joked about, that hisco misuct was joked about within the locker room or discussed openlyc within the ker room and coaches were very aware of it. to most recently this week e reported on the first record of a written complaint that was filed by a student who saw dr. straus at the student health center in the 1990's. he filed a complaint after having uncomfortable experience withhe doctor ad was told by administrators there that. raus denied some of those allegations as well as in terms of accommodating for the inappropriate touching. he saih he washe said he was jui
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job. the student felt it was his work against dr. straus'.k no action was and an administrator said no other complaints had been made previously against dr. strau so it runs the gamut. >> the details from those lawsuits is rely disturbing now. going through them earlier, there was one you mentioned who said he did flag another coach to some behavior from dr. straus that he found ippropriate and others said for aibnjury to see dr. straus and was asked to drop his hands. how are these stries disturbing as they are, how they are in thm osnity. >> that remains to be seen. ohio state has relly encouraged students, former students, alumni to continue gm forward and contact independent .nvestigators if they had an experience with traus. as we work through the investigation which is still ongoing, the question justo remains new when they knew what they knew and what did they do about it and this is kind of
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one of the first times we're seeing a case like this play out with new athletes. d i think the accounts of athletes talking about it ownly and joking about it is interesting because some have sa that they joked about it, they talked about it and it made them feel like because it was joked about, they didn't need to make a point of reporting it formally, that they shouldn't have to. there's also potential asvolvement of a congressman of jim jordan whoeen specifically named in one of the lawsuits. what do we know about hi involvement. >> jim jordan was a former assistant wrestling coa at ohio state from the 80's and into the mid 90's. sere have been a number of wrestlers who haid that during jordan's time in that outker room that he knew ab the abuse by dr. straus and that it was openly discussed and a number o wrelers have questioned why jim jordan't ha said, acknowledged that he knew about that. a number of other westlers have come to jim jordan's defense.
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so that's still sort of playing out. in terms of the lawsuit, he's been named in terms of news reports that wravestlerssaid that he was aware of the abuse. he's not been named as a definitdefendant at this point. >> we should menti jim jordan says he knew nothing about those e atgations during his tim the university or after. thank you for staying on this story from themb co dispatch. >> thank you. >> woodruff: stay with us. coming up on the "newshour," mark shields and reihan salam weigh in on the russia controversy.bu and a briespectacular take on homelessness. but first, more than 2.5-million men and women have ser the wars in iraq and afghanistan. the health challenges many verans face when they retu home, such as post traumatic stress disder or traumatic brain injury, are well documented. but there's another illness many
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military personnel suffer from that's led to a fight among doctors over how to diagnose the condition; some doubt it even exists. nick schifrin returns now with this story, produced and reported by the newshour's dan sagalyn. >> schifrin: on the edge of a u.s. base in kuwait the entire udhorizon has become a clof dust. >> that is just insane >> schifrin: it's 2011. ens. service members have stationed in the desert for eight years. and in a matter of seconds, what was once a blue sky, becomes thick yellow dust. and then red. and then darkness. >> and now we can't se anything. >> schifrin: sandstorms like iis were routine-- not on kuwait, but theater-wide, in iraq and afghanistan. so were thick black clouds of smoke. >> luckily the winds are not blowing our way. >> schifrin: the military used burn pits to dispo e of pretty murything. from tires... to batteries... to styrofoam.r all burned nere soldiers lived.
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and where soldiers worked-- o the hocar bombs produced combat dust and debris. soldiers inhaled all that dust, all that smoke, and it may have afflicted them with higher-than- heerage rates of asthma, bronchitis, and pulmonary disorders. ( exosion )>> find myself struggling, even when i pull into a parking lot at the grocery store, because i know what'going to happen. if i have to park in the back of the parking lot, by the time i get inside, i'm so winded that it's miserable for me to even do my grocery shopping. >> schifrin: former army sergeant cynthia aman, is one of more than 360,0 iraq and afghan war veterans diagnosed with lung disease and seen by department of veteran affairs. aman's missouri national guard police company deployed to kuwait and iraq in 2003. she says in her yearlong deployment, she suffered dozens of sand storms.g >> the only th had were scarves.to
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or thingover our faces. so, when we were out doing these missions in these small camps, a sandstorm would come up so quickly that you-- the on y thing you is try to cover your face. i joke now, but it was almost like we were eating it. >> schifrin: aman lives in delaware with her husband and daughter. she leaned on them f support while she struggled to figure out what was wrong. >> it's been a year and a half, almost two years of nonstop jumping through hoops and fighting trying to get answers and get a definitive diagnosis.a >> schifrin:man travels from her home in delaware to washington to advocate forfit, d the problem was in her mind. >> when i first starting going to the v.a. and explaining my symptoms, automatically they elling me it was anxiety i was hyperventilating, they try to put me on anti-psychotic medications,ood stabilizers and things of that nature. and i was telling them, "no. 's shortness of breath, it's something physical. it's not psychological. i'm not depressed, i'm n anxious."
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you know, i want to find an answer. >> schifrin: after dozens of medical tests, aman got a surgical procedure like the one seen here: a lung biopsy, where doctors remove a sample of her lung.ex when theined it, they realized she had constrictive bronchiolitis-- a lung disease where the small airways are destroyed. it's rare among civilians. and there's no treatment or cure. the first time u.s. troops came down with constrictive tonchiolitis, it's believed they'd breathed black haze caused by a sulfur fire like this one.d it spexic fumes for almost a month. but the unit's doctors couldn't figure out the source of theng soldiers' roblems, so they sought out dr. robert miller of vanderbilt university. >> when we started seeing service members with unexplained shortness of breatre they had y had a number of non- invasive studies. chest x-rays, c.t. scans, pulmonary function tests, exercise tests. none of these tests se explain their exercise limitation.
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>> schifrin: the patiere un-diagnosable without lung biopsies that are expensive and invasive and carry some risk. he published his findings in the "new england journal of medicine." >> small airways disease is known to be a stealth-like disease. it is difficult to diagnose it without a lung biopsy. >> cstrictive bronchiolities is the most common, far and away the most common thing that see. >> schifrin: doctor allyharris is a pulmonologist at the jackson, mississippi, v.a. medical center. we met her at a conference attended by veterans with lung disease, including cynthia aman. >> i think it's under-diagnosed for sure, nationwide.>> chifrin: dr. harris says she has around 200 patients who have constrictive bronchiolitis. >> my feeling is thatic consve bronchiolitis is very prevalent, and probably second only to p.t.s.d. >> schifrin: the v.a.'s diagnosed more than 390,000 iraq and afghanistan veterans with
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p.t.s.d, or post traatic stress disorder, and they arguet patientsconstrictive bronchiolitis is nowhere near that number. the v.a. told the newshour they've diagnosed only 128 veterans with the disease, and that shortness of breath can bee caused by factors. that skepticism is shared by retired army colonel and pulmonologist dr. michael morris, at the brooke armynt medical in san antonio. >> if you are a little bit heavier, you haven't exercised as much, if you have some sleep issues. if you have reflux, re affecting the lungs is very hard to diagnose. allethose things may play a in your symptoms. >> schifrin: morris is researching soldiers' respiratory health.s he belieat unless non- invasive tests show problems, doctors should avoid invasive and what he cas risky lung biopsies. >> there is eyrisk. ave to go general anesthesia. there is a risk to that. there is a risk to the procedure itself. and our thought is that we
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should do everything non- invasively first before we preed to a biopsy. >> schifrin: and he says since there's no treatment plan for constrictive bronchiolitis, biopsies serve little purpose. but cynthia aman says ng biopsy eliminated so many doubts that hadeen plaguing her. >> the biopsy has given me a definitive diagnosis and some answers. it was funny, because when i got the results the first words out of dr szema's mouth-- wait stop, i'm sorry. ( crying ) literally the first words out of his mouth were, "cindy you're not crazy." because for so long, after you're getting a normal pulmonary function tesand you have doctors saying your tests are normal, we don't think anything's wrong, to hear the yrds that there's definitely something wrong wir lungs was just such a relief. >> schifrin: but getting proper diagnosis from the inhalation of dust, debris and
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smokis only a first step for these veterans. the next step is to qualify for disabilityompensation. and doing that, turns out to be a second, major challenge.n when aapplied, she says the v.a. ignored her diagnosis and assigned her its lowest benefit rating. >> they gave me a 0% because they said my pulmonary functioning is normal. i'm not using inhalers or corticosteroids every day. >> schifrin: aman appealed and ultimately won. the v.a. rated her 100% disabled. she now gets disability compensation. >> if i had to guess how many people were getting denied benefits because of this, i would say probably 80-90% >> schifrin: attorney kerry baker represents veterans struggng to obtain v.a. coverage. he used to lead the v.a.'s legislative and policy staff. >> one of the problem is, veterans are pushed through the claims process so fast, even though it takes such a long time. v.a. examiners might do an examination for orthopedic next one may, th be hearing loss. the next one may be some other disability
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and when you're a physician's assistant doing that for a living, the odds of yoy having al knowledge ofte compliexposures, such as burn pits, it's not likely. >> schifrin: dr. miller thinks vets who lived under those dusty conditions and exhibit the symptoms of constrictive ronchitis should qualify compensation. >> a soldier that presents with unexplained shortness of breath, with the appropriate exposure and no oer complicating factors such aheart disease or asthma and has a clear history of exercise limitation may be a candidate for that presumpve diagnosis. >> schifrin: the v.a. disagrees. in response to the nr's questions, the agency said, "the evidence simply does not exist oto support the presumpti service connection for constrictive bronchiolitis." and the v.a. also denied any problems with how it determinesi
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bility compensation. out in denver, researchers are trying to figure out if they can diagnose constrictive bronchiolitis without biopsies. this "lung clearance index tes"" at national jewish health could discover the same problems a biopsy does, without the invasive procedure. kebut their research will years. in the meantime, countless veterans exposed to airborne hazards struggle with every breath, more than years after many of them deployed. for the pbs newshour ts is nick schifrin. w druff: we return now to the turbulent aftermath of president trump's meeting with vladimir putin. for more, it's the analysis of shields and salam. that's syndicated columnist mark shieldand "national review"
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executive editor reihan salam. david brooks is ay. welcome to both of you. mark, it has been a turb length turmoilish week from nato to great britain, to the meeting with vladimir putin, back to washington. what are we left with? >> we're left with, judy, a week of i think a blow to the unitedt es of america. i don't think there's any question about it, to our leadership. the fraying of the relations with our long time allies, a dismissal of disparagement by the america of democratically ed leaders and the messy problems with democracy requires. an adulation, aucking sound by the russian dictator.
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a writer on politics in ame wrote when the setting calls for a shopw of shren end resolved trump offers differencance, offensiveness equivocation and weakness a i think that's fair. >> woodruff: do you have an assessment. >> i thinkis think it's helpfulo take you are spective. donald trump's meeting with kin jung unis a brutal dictator. trud had very warm wos for him. some weeks later mike mom palme may e secretary of state met with the north korean regime and they sprawnded they're making this daage stir le demands and taking a hard line position. donald trump when it comes offering warm words for authoritarian leaders does a lot, goes a ng ways in wys other republicans feel makes them very uncomfortable. ite minority of one in his own administration wheomes to those warm words and when it comes to actual sutances, you
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see a much tougher line. if you look at pompeii owe, jim mattis, if you look at john bolton, these are people who have taken a consistently hawkish line and the president himself, he reversed himself. again that's quite unusual for him to rverse himself so quickly because republican were nd this ideabe that no, in fact they also, republicans in congress passed legislation bipartisan legislation, keep in mind, that says they can impose sanctions but the president of the united states can't reverse. that is legislation that nald trump signed in 2017. so that's important background to keep in mind. >> woodruff: are we mak too much of the words of president trump. >> no. he is the policy maker. he is theand the voice of the united states of america. every president has been. ronald reagan was when he said tear down that wall and called the soviet union an evie.l emp donald trump is when he standsan ther contradicts unanimous
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judgment of all the men and women who are professionals in the united stes intelligence services who have concluded union in an mustily that russia, russia was behind meddling, cyber attacks and continues to be at this time. and stands there andays pays ultimateomplement, talk abo his words, we know his words. in his lexicon, the lexicon of donald trump there are no greater accomplishments than to erful.rong and po whom did he call, to call anybody weak is the utimat insult. and he paid the ultimate s mpliment to mr. putten stood there and refusing to endorse and support the work of the mes american intelligence proposals. >> there was a fasciuting momentng that press conference where president putin
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had to say president trump continues to say that the annexation of crea was illegal. president putin actually reminded the global public of this. why did he do that? at's a really puzzling question, right. you think it would be president trump who would be saying tha who would be taking that kind of stern step of reminding the wider global audience. one of the resons president putin did that is because he cognizes that donald trump alone does not represent the american government in its itirety. what has happenthat republicans are more unified against vladimir putin. democrats are farore inclined to take a hard line against russia than they had been befnae trump came into office. vladimir putin knows that for his purposes, this was not a victory, it was in fact a deceit because donald trump, his style on of negotiating is regrettably one in which he says a lot at one pint but thhis administration takes very sharply different actions. if anything we're going to get a
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re hawsh line on russia in the months to come. >> woodruff: so mark why is the deceit. it was a deceit from putin? >> absolutely, absolutely.at because ladimir putin wants is to get some component obipartisan establishment reconciled to the idea of a warmer relation with rush youin. act we got the exact opposite. donald trump himself on the flight, on air force one back home from held sinki realiat this did not play especially well with the people heepends on to shield him from investigation and much else. he understood the tremendous vulnerability. he understands that there are people in his own administration who may well leave that administration and leave him inm e vulnerable position, if he moves in that direction. again, look to north korea. >> woodruff: what you're saying is that there was a mess created that required a lot of cleaning up. >> also remember the north korea remember the fact, we're talking about this as unprecedented.
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donald trump praised the north korean dictator and then north korea suddenly realized, wait a secot does not amount to us getting everything we want. >> donald trump has told us tt nuclear arms are gone from the korean peninsula. >> which is nonsense cull. >> nonsense cull. >> reporter: he did not say the weapons are gone, he sid i'm committed to denuclearization. there's room for interpretation. what we've seen is actually a more hawkish posture in the weeks since then. it's very important to keep these precedence in mind beforei we claim is some grand break through. >> at what point do we get thisi seismograph, magic detector where the deduct stops and a coupon that allows us to tellll when these tg the truth. when he stands there and says kim jonun loves his people. this is a man who has killed thousands of koreans, who has
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stawived -- >> it's appalling. d it's also the case tat the united states government and the trump administration did not in fact give away the store. this is solidlyattling. it is wrong for the president of the united states to appear to be kowtowing to the russian president. it's important to recognize, however, that donald trump himself as an unconventional figure, someone seeking diplomatic break throughs thato i've gotlieve are going to materialize wound wood the fuss we're making over the behavio over trump in the end the policy is going to turn out all all ri. is that what user saying. >> it is wrong and disorieing and something that is actually zapping some of the trust people have in him. i think that's noa good thing. but the policy is moving in a fferent direction >> there's no question that he was overmatched with put there's no question who was the sum law consultan supplicant ane
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big dog an and puppy seeking approval. inventory when this epiphany occurred when hea rezed it didn't work out. they had to sit down with him and confront him with his own administration before he would even acknowledge grudgingly two letters. tht didn't change thae united states was at fault, that he blame his own country, that he blamed america first. no amecan president has ever done that before. when you get verbs like revise, revamp, contradict, change, modify. those are not the words of a thoughtful leader or a stronger leader or a principled leader. those are the words of somebody who really is overmatched in a public situation. >> it might also be however the words of someone who has promised diplomatic break throughs and change. this is that is rate ing for th us myself very much included who believe there architecf existing alliances is e norabmally
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va. donald trump believes that by shaking things up he is going to bring us to a better place. now it happens that is the members of the administration are teamly skeptical about that poure and that is actually the substance of what we're getting. president trump does not have the power to reverse sanctions. that is exactly what putin wants and he's not going to get it and he's less likely to gt it n than two weeks ago. >> let me just ask one question. >> pouease. >> dohink that after 9/11 when dan coats hes t united states ambassador to germany and he stood with thece chor of germany at the vandenberg gatte ananked 200,000 germans for their supporting united states and it was all made afterhe 9/11 attackn ad invoke nato to support the united states and its attack. do you think donald trump has any idea that that happened. y do you think he has anidea that dan coats even was there? i mean this is a man -- b >> ielieve it's worthnt
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meioning that iran is explicitly anti-american. including turkey said we will not allow the united states to enter our territory. that was frcture within the nato alliance and nato survivedi that is alportant to remember. dan coats is a loyal public servant who desees a great deal of credit but that's noti forgetory. >> do you think donald trump is aware of any of this? >> i can't say, mark. si woodruff: i think temperatures are r all around after this week. i do want to bring us back at the very end of thproam to some news today that there was, mark, the revelation, the "new york times" and other news orgazations, there was a recording made between president trump and his lawyer michael cohen about payment to a former play boy bunny. that's now been reported.
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you have that happening at thed this week. you also have the new information this week that the president's already raised almost $90 million toward his own re-election. are we looking at a situation here where we deal with the controversies of the week both en a personal level and th international level but we're still looking at someone who is higoing to be a ma when it comes to raising money and doing the things he has to do to get re-elected. >> i don't think there's any question his moneyi sing is predigits and continues to be and is in large amounts. if the administratinhas its way and the republicans have their way, there will be less and less disclosed all t time where that money comes from. but i think the michael cohen tape is qute fascinating because it's hard to believe there's only one tape. i think if you're taping you're not just taping, it's not arun off. i would say in addition, judy, i don't know whose fault it is,
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whether it's hillary clinton's or the fake news people who made that tape and put it nchael cohen's hands woulded wood about ten seconds. >> we know this is an unpredaltable polit landscape and there are many other republicans including mike e including a number of senators who are preparing their own political futures inluding 20/20. we do not know what the world is going to look like in a fewm years tie. i don't think donald trump's fund raising necessarily means his political future is assured. political fund raising has been very prolific indeed during the trump era. >> woodruff: thank you both. >> thanks. >> woodruff: finally, another installment of our weekly "brief but spectacular" series ere we "the hospitality house" has been offering support to homeless and poor residents of san francisco's tenderloin neighborhood since 1967.
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its executive director, joe wilson, has been affiliated with the organization for more than 35 years and is uniquely qualified for the job. >> i have literally slept ingu ers at night. i've gone to sleep at night on the street. in some cases hoping that morning would not come. the ldness, the starkness th - the inhumanity of being on the street with nothing, without the security that four walls can bring is a verdebilitating experience. ♪ ♪ i was born in mississippi, raised in chicago. came out to california in the mid 70s to attend college. i actually attended stanford. i stopped out initially to care for my mother who was ill. eventually dropped out after an
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extended illness, wound up exhausting savings. no famy support, no siblings. no friends. i found mylf homeless on the streets of san francisco. san francisco hathe incredible dichotomy of having some of the most expensive real estate in the world and yet people living on the street. i do know that a momentary glance, a touch, a smile-- any evidence of human warmth makes a huge difference in people's lives and it certainly made a d huference in mine when someone who was willing to make eye contacwith me was willing to actually touch me as another human being. that had more value than a dollar.pe we don't expecle to do the things that they either don't know how to do or are uncomfortable with, but i think everyone can make eye contact with another person street. if you choose to give someone ney in the street that's fine. if you choose not to, that's
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still fine. i would hope that we could remind ourselves that it is the judgment andarshness in our eyes that really make an imprint on those who have nothing. i rememb mbr me personally was, you know, being afraid andrassed that the-- the judgment-- the look in my mother's eyes if she could have seen me sleeping on the streets, sleeping in a rain gutter. that ultimately was served as motivationor me to get up from the street to take that first tentative unsure step forward, you know, back toward the light. eventually in late 1982 i heard about hospitality houses shelter. that was the beginning of a 35- year relationship that significantly changed the course of my life. the people who run the programs look like the people who utiliz
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ograms. we present better options so thto people can be encourage make better choices. and that's certainly true in my life. my mother still alive, and she has seen the light return to her son's eyes, and that has been both gratifying to her and immensely gratifying to me my name is joe wilson. this is my brief, but spectacular take on being homeless in america. >> woodruff: you can watch bert costa is preparing for "washington week," which airs later tonight. robert, what's on p? >> tonight on "washington week,t we report turbulent week for the trump administration as president trump confvinded his own rs-- and his party-- on russia. plus, new questions about the president's confidence in his own intelligence team. we'll cover it all from our brand-new set, later tonight on "washington week." >> woodruff: tomorrow on pbs
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>> woodrf: that's tomorrow night on pbs newshour weekend. and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. have a great weekend. thank you and good night. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> kevin. >> kevin! >> kevin. >> advice for life. w lil-planned. learn more at raymondjames.com. l. bab a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more.15 babbel's 1inute lessons are available as an app, or online. more information on babbel.com. >>onsumer cellular. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problem- skollfoundation.org.
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>> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world. at www.hewlett.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: and friends of the newshour. captioning sponsored byro newshourctions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> you're watching pbs.
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>> tonight on kqed newsroom, the week's major politics, how california lawmakers tre to the trump/putin summit. the bay wildfires, concerned about greed and lack of oversight. how climate change is fueling this intense fire season and damaging california's environment. hello and welcome to kqed "newsroom." i'm thuy vu. we begin with politics. there's continuingsi con over what was said during president trump's private meeting with russian president vladimir putin on monday in helsinki. after initially saying he did not believe russia had nterfered in american elections, president trump later told cbs news he had been firm with mr. putin about not putting up with such interference. the shifting statements from thr preside

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