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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 23, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's iaglected eds, and purepoint fina >> how do we shape our tomorrow? starts with a vision. we seets ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everhing that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, yo dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a war of words conducted in all the u.nd iran trade harsh s.caps. warnings, but what will the consequences be? a .nman opens fire in toron killing a 10-year-old girl and a teenager. 13 other people are injured, as police searcfor a motive. plus, during world war i, they were the battlefields of france. a century later much of the area is sti off-limits. tonight we see why.
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the harsh rhetoric between the u.s. and iran has become even mo barbed. first came the warning from thran that imposing more sanctions could lethe mother of all wars. then president trump said this on twitter late last night -- "never ever threaten the united states again or you will suffer consequences the likes of which few througut history have ever suffered before." that came as secretary of state mike pompeo was eaking to the iranian communityn lifornia. barbara plett-usher was there and startser our ce. barbara: this was a big event for iranian americans, the first time any top u.s. official addressed such a large group. it is part of the administration strategy to increase pressure on iran's leadership. the secretary of state unleashed a blistering verbal attack on government.
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sec. pompeo: the level of corruption by the iranian leadership is something resembling the mafia, not a government. while it is ultimately up to the iranian people to determine the direction of their country, the united states in the spirit of our own freedoms will support the long ignored voice of the iranian people. >> you kidnap cldren! barbara: not the voice of a protester, though. sec. pompeo: - despitedespite the regime -- barbara: the boos showed mr. pompeo had a sympathetic audience, opposition activists encouraged by his aggressiveev stance though he did not talk about changing the regime, just its behavior. >> the only way you can change it is to remove them.di i think that hsay it, but not directly. we have an old expression in iran, you speak to tl but the ceiling understands. barbara: you understood what he was saying? >> absolutely. barbara: southern california is home to a quarter million iranian americans. they call this neighborhood
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tehrangeles. getting them on board with president trump's agenda could be a tough sell because they are divided over his decision to pull out of e nuclear deal, d they are angry about the travel ban, which hits iranians particularly hard. one man was eager to hear what mike pompeo had to say. prerecorded his radio program so he cld attend the speech. he is no fan of the regime, but thinks mr. trump's position decision to scrap the nuclear deal was - >> bad. word that he said, then deal -- bad deal, say bad decision. barbara: why is it bad? >> because you are putting new sanctions and that goes to the people of iran, not to the government of iran. barbara: others think it is the onlyay to bring down the government. but everyone hates the travel ban, barring those from countries mr. trump sees a s a security risk.
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it has become a bit ornely one man, and expensive -- so far he has lost half $1 million. he likes mr. trump's policies, ense tos doesn't make him. >> take the travel ban from the an country, because the iranian people are educated and love america. barbara: there is some confusion about what exactly the policy is after mr. pompeo's speech.en longtime opponts of the regime ynse a window of opportun and are waiting to see how far the administration is willing to b. barbara plett-ushe news, los angeles. laura: for more on thef words between the u.s. and iran, i oke a brief time ago with karim sadjadpour, a senior fellow at the carnegie endowment for inteational peace. do you feel that there is a rising risk of conflict between the u.s. and iran? karim: theres. you have in president tmp an erratic president who is not necessarily ideological but he is very impulsive. an all-caps tweet tauntingir
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's president hassan rouhani is an escalation. perhaps more importantly, you have the folks around president, particularly national security bolton, when he was out of government, almost every piece that he wrote aboumiiran advocatetary conflict. secretary pompeo himself is very proudly hawkish. tothink the onus is on ira try to de-escalate, and that is generally not the instinct of supreme leader. ura: on that point, iran's foreign minister has tweeted, "color us unimpressed." do you think there are fears in tehran about the bellicose rhetoric from president trump? karim: for years iran has somehow managed to figure out what the red line is not to provoke military action with tht states. they have often walked right up to the edge but never crossed it. but in the past they werein dewith u.s. presidents,
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whether that was president obama president bush, who were much more consistent, professional politicians. we have in president trump you have someone who is inexperienced and deep impulsive. i think it is much more difficult for the iraniawh to calibrate the red line is exactly with president trump. laura:he u.s. is about to reimpose sanctions because the u.s. pulled out of the iran nuclear deal. what impact is that going to have on the economy of iran that is already suffering? karim: iran is actually experiencing a convergence of crises. obviously, the economic crisis, downward-spiraling currency, and you add to that geopolitical crises, spending billions of dollars to support allies likel- basharsad and hezbollah. there is a social andl environmenisis as well. what the increased sanctions with the u.s. pulling out of the nuclear dealssentially does is it further deters foreign
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ment from iran, hastens capital flight away from iran. president trump has taken a very bad iranian economy and made it worse. laura: u.s. officials have drawn a parallel between iran and north korea d the campaign of maximum pressure. are there parallels? could there be tal between iran and washington? karim: it is conceivable, and esent trump has made numerous efforts to talk to iran' iranians have rebuffed.wo d say the biggest distinction is that the leader of north korea, kim jong-un, is in his 30's and will presumably potentially rule over his country for four decades. he has shown a willingness to meet with president trump personally. iran's supreme leader is 79 years old and for the last four decades he has been defiant against the united s he essentially wts to die as supreme leader and preserve what he has built over the past year.
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it iunlikely he will reciprocate trump's overtures. laura: president rouhani has talked about how iran could disrupt the flow of oil through the middle east. would he go that far? karim: i think it is an empty threat. i described iran's threa to close the street of hormuz as the strategic equivalent of a suicide bombing. ould hurt many others bu above all they would hurt themselves. laura: karim sadjadpour, thank you. karim: laura: on sunday night, a gunman opened fire on a busy street in toronto, killing a girl and a young woman. 13 other people were injured in duringhe attack in the greektown district. the suspect, who is from toronto, exchanged gunfire with the police before being found dead nearby. the bbc's jessica murphy reports from ta: scene. jesshortly after 10:00 p.m., gunfire cuts through the toronto city street. a man walks down the avenue firing on people dining at a
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popular restaurant strip. witnesses described hearing volleys of shots. >> i thought it was fireworks at first. it was rapidfire. it would be a pause, and then more fire. >> i saw someone holding a gun up.th an i saw someone dropped to the floor, and as soon as i saw that i just ran. jessica: the suspect was found dead after an exchange ofic gunfire with p who say this will be a long and y mplicated investigation, and it is far too ea speculate on motives. >> this is so heartbreaking. otssica: at the city council on monday, heavy emn. >> the victims and their loved ones are in my thoughts and prayers. i cannot imagine what they are going through. jessica: from the toronto man r, a call ford to the gun violence that have plagued the city this summer. >> h ye heard me ask the question of why somebody would need to buy 10 or 20 guns from
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, which they can lawfully due under present laws.th leads to another question we need to discuss, why anyone in this city needs to have a gun at all. >> if i could ask members of council to rise for a moment of silence. jessica: amid the morning, a aistrong police presence r an the streets, and many in toronto say it ialways has been a resilient city. jessica murphy, bbc news, toronto. laa: authorities in canada have just named to the 29-year-old suspect who died at the scene there in toronto. in other news, the white hou is considering revoking the security clearances of ex-intelligence chiefs including james comey and john brennan. press secretary sarah sanders said they politicized and in some cases monetized their service and security clearances. many on the list have been critics of president trump and some responded saying that they don't even have a clearance. the temperature in japan soared
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dto a record high of 41.1egrees celsius, as the country remains as the grip of a deadly heat wave. any as 40 people have died in the heat. japan's disasterement agency is urging people to stay in air-conditioned spaces and drink plenty of water. germany's football association has rejected allegations of racism made by midfielder mesut ctil, but says it could have done more to prote him from abuse. it comes after the player announced he was retiring from international fothball, citing racism and disrespect he faced in germany over turkish roots. he said he received hate mail and was blamed for germany's disappointing world cup performance. france's interior minister has been called by mps over a video which shows a presidential securitya eight assaultin protester in may. e he said he learned of deo the day after it was filmed, but didn't reported to prosecutors beuse it was a member of the president step -- it was a matter f staff.resident's aideacron fire to the
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on friday. after italy closed its ports two boats carrying migrantsn the mediterranean, a new route has emerged taking them to spain. more have arrived this year than in the whole of 20. here is our europe correspondent. reporter: it is a desperate risk to take. across one of the world's busiest shipping lanes in tiny boats crammed with men, women, and children. this is now the main sea route from africa. every day spanish teams are making up to 10 rescues like this. abother boat in distress, a child's infl with 11 people in it trying to peddle to europe. the coast guard says they see this all the time. nuers have doubled in little more than a year. watching it all, spain's
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monitoring center for the strait of gibraltar. this is a new call for a new rescue. >> this year the numbers have been picking up a lo we rescue most of them. ny sub-saharan africans use the boats. reporter: the call we just heard saved all these lives.60 more than one small boat. among them an exhausted mother and her five-year-old daughter. all moroccans and algerians are separated out. spain has special agreements with their countries. they will be returned within days. deporting those from elsewhere in africa are harder. -- is harder. they will try for asylum. one woman told me she is doing this is so her daughter can have a future. that is africa there, just 10 les across the strait of
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gibraltar from this, the southern tip of spain. this is the very closest point between these two continents, and it is a new pressure pointme when it to migration. but spain has been dealing with the issue for years. it hasnvested heavily to secure the border and lives. but the new surge is stretching spain's resources. this is where the pressure is coming from, mrsocco and tang as other routes across the mediterranean are getting harder, morocco is the most popular. they gather on the edge of the city from all across west africa. spain has always relied on morocco to prevent people crossing. the police can be tough.rc out of their apartments, they live outside, sheltered in storm drains. an from mali dreams of being a professional footballer. four times he has bought toy beats to try to cross. four times he ha caught by the moroccan navy.
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>> four times, each time brought back. , w we don't have monen to eat. reporter: back across the water with africa in the distance, this is the draw, europe, with all of its wealth and comforts. on the beach, another arrival. they are so exhausted they can barely stand. every day now, boat loads are trying, risking all in search of something better. route toe new migrant iteurope via spain, noy. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, she hung on president obama's every word. the white house stenographer tells us what it was to be a witness to history. it has been called the dirtiest election campaign in pakistan's
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history, and it is almost over. candidates have been holding their final rallies in a campaign team did by political controversy. tens of millions prepare to cast their votes on wednesday. across thee country, candidates and poli preparing for the final rally ahead of the campaign periodig t midn tonight. holes are predicting a tight race dominated by former prime minister know why sharif -- nawaz sharif, and the pti party dominated by cricketer imran khan. this should be a celebration in pakistan. the elections, after 10 years of civilian rule, one of the longest periods for our country controlled by the military for half of his existence.
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both of the pti and the pakistani armyon sy tonight, but we have seen allegations didates have been told by members of the intelligence services to defect tyfrom the pand journalists have been warned not to report on stories that are sympathetic to the plmn. the case of the washer reef looms large, too full to be was sentced to 10 years on anticorruption early this month. it is onlyers say because he fell out with the military while in power. says that those aims are in attempt to distract from the corruption allegations. one other point, and that is about security. levels of ohioans have decreased in the country over the past few years, but we have seen -- levels of violence and decreased in the country over the past two years, bute have seentt aacks that occurred boosted to raising the tension.
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did to have contribute raising the tension. laura: oh, to be a fly on the wall. that is how jourlists feel about high-profile meetings witd world s or when their favorite sport star comes to town. but for one, it was reality, working as a stenographer in the obama white house. she was responsible for keeping the historical record straight. she was there for the opening days of the trump now she has written a book called "from a corner of the oval," and spoke to my colleagues christian fraser and katty kay for their program "beyond 100 t ys." katty: w the role of the white house stenographer? what are you employed to do? >> the white house stenographer is responsible forll the transcripts. whenever the president is in the same room as any member of the press, we are there to make sure he is not misquoted. we have a recorder, micr we make sure the tape is running the whole time, and after the
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action is over, we type it up our office. katty: how long has the white house employed stenographers? o beck: ice has been there since the reagan administration. we. are hired to be imparti whenever we type of a yanscript, there is two sets of eyes and two sets rs come ears, so we have lots of witnesses to what was said and we can double check the audio as many times as we want. kay: and you were employed from one administration to the next. normally you would go from the obama administration to the trump administration and stat. you didn' beck: exactly. my boss had stayed from reagan through the beginning of the trump administration. i began with presidentbama and stayed for two months under president trump, in part because they were not utilizing us. we were always in the room and under the trump administration we were not even notified when he was meeting with press. he had an interview with abc and we were not notified. when we saw it on
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television. it is a dangerous thing because mi leaves the president vulnerable to beinuoted. also, there is protocol. we are responsible for transcribing it and giving it to the press office and the presidential archives. chriian: there is a funny thing, beck -- donald trump comes to britain last week and said fairly disparaging things about theresa may's plans for brexit. the next day hdenies ever having said that, and declared that recordings of the interview would vindicate him. you are saying that he doesn't like these recordings. beck: right, that is so interesting, because if there was a stenographer in the room which there might have been, there would have been a transcript, and if he was worried about being misquoted, he could hold of the transcript and say here is the official white house anscript. thes intentionally muddling truth by not allowing stenographerriin the room. hen: here is a man who pointedly takes onake media, the fake news media, who
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could point to what is true and what is not. you are saying that herdoesn't ant the transcript point towhat, i might some of the whoppers that he tells? beck: exactly. he intentionally muddles the truth by not having a stenographer in the room. he has a ton of titude to say whatever he wants and backtrack. rd withot coming for the official transcript. katty: maybe he just doesn't like microphones. lots of people don't microphones. beck: yes, lots of people don' like microphones. but when you are president, you have to get used to a lot of things y don't like. especially on air force one, if you want to be heard over the roar of the engine, it is a beautiful playing but it is a loud plane. u have to get used to the microphone. laura: the experiences of being a white house stenographer. 100 years after the first edrld war, theone in northern france is still off-limits. deite cleanup efforts, the
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unexploded shells and contamination mean that housing is band across much of the former battleground. lucy williamson reports. lucy: the chaos of world war i left in its wake a geography of absence. along the front lineof northern fence, buildings destroyed, communities gone. a century on, some of those former battlefields still light badly empty,o contaminated by unexploded shells and chemicals that no british farmer has been allowed to return. aan british histoas been visiting the red zone with a group of international researchers. >> what they did is they tend to esplant it with pine tand pine trees, which have shallow roots, are effective at processing contamination out of the soil, aney have a lifespan of 80 to 90 years. the idea was that it would gradually, slowly be purged of es contamination by the p trees, and at the end of that
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time it would be cleared. lucy: this destroyed village is today park forest, part graveyard. the grocer has gone, and the shing area, too. this is all that remains of the school. its mayor told me he does not believe in ghosts, but there is something special in the air here. >> there are shells here, but also human remains. 10,000 soldiers, french and german, mixed up together under the soil. sometimes during maintenance work we find them, and it bring us b what happened here 100 years ago. ocy: there are nine ghost villages like th, completely reclaimed by nature. the ground under my feet holds so many shells, toxins, andn humains, it is too expensive to clear them. it took less than a year of fighting to make this land uninhabible. cleaning it up would take centuries. some areas once classified as
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uninhabitable were handed back to farmers after the war -- too quickly, some said. >> when you look cefully, the potato is not very different of a grenade. and so what, happee grenade came out on the table. we collect quite a lot of grenades every year. lucy: those risks have created what one historian calls placest of historical o, portals to the past. the story of disruptre is -- of the destruction here a y ago, still preserved beneath the pines. lucy williamson, bbc news, the red zone, northern france. laura: the legacy of world war i, grenades and shells still there in northern france. mber, you can find more of all the day's news on our website.
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plus, to see what we are working on at any time, check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thanks so world news america." it >>the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed tor work around yo lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglecteneeds, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --ns your pyour goals, your dreams. n your tomorrow . purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was leesented by kcet los anges.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight: an all caps message to iran-- president trump exchanges threats of war with iranian president hassan rouhani. then, newly released court documents shed light on f.b.i. surveillance of a former trump l campaign aid and add fueto the political debate over the russia investigation. and fetal alcohol disorder is more common than previously thought-- we explore recent research and how it affects children in the u.s. >> the results of the study did not surprise me, unfortunately because i do think that there are a lot of children who are undiagnosed. >> woodruff: all that and more

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