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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 24, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funng of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected need and purepoint financia >> how do we shape our tomorro starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to. chisel we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. f at purepoiancial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. devastating wildfires leav trail of destruction in greece. at least 74 people have died in the flames, many trying to escape. >> i took my baby and run towards theea. my wife, i didn't know what happened. i think she rned herself here. laura: donald trump warns russia may meddle in the next u.s. elections, but the reason is because he is so tough on them. plus, the colony of jamestown helped shape america's history. centuries later, scientists
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think they found the ry ains of a keayer. welcome to our viewers on elevision in america and around the globe. worst fire disaster in greece for more than a decade has killedt least 74 people. strong winds fanned the flames which spread to an area east of athens. hundreds we rescued by local fishermen, but others were trapped as the flames destroyed seaside towns. the resort of mati was one of the hardt hit. it is from there that mark lowen starts ouroverage. mark: like a vision of hell, mile upon mile smothered, suffocated by flames as one was put out, another roared.
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47 simultaneous fires ripped through the greek hills. they fled for their lives. hundreds ran into the sea, rescued by the coast guard. for zens more, it was too late, killed by the worst wildfires greece has seen in over a decade. as morning fell, the mountains , 60-mile-an- hour winds fanning the flames. the acrid smoke billowed, choking those caughtn its grip. it was as if a wall of fire surrounded anyone who tried to nfront it, feeding on the vegetation, spewing out its plumes.ur for hoit was futile to battle it. with the trail of destruction,
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an almost apocalyptic scene, streets in the seaside town of mati near athens looked like a bomb had hit. many died in their cars, asphyxiateor burned alive. we found someone badly burned and searching for clues at the spot he last saw his wife. >> i took my baband ran towards the sea. my wife, i do not know what happened. i think she burned herself here. mark: from the skies, man fougha re. cyprus and spain helped withen equiand firefighters. this peaceful holiday resort has been virtually destroyed. many were here at the height ofe the tourison. as the flames consumed his car, he and his family ran to the sea. >> we went directly with our clothes on the sea.
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very, very quickly. the fire was still coming because burned everything and it was coming more and more in our faces. mark: as the flames came crashing down the hill, devouring everything in eir wake, one of the most tragic incidents happened over here. some 25 people ran towards the sea to try to take refuge. erbut they wtoo late and they were trapped. when their bodies were discovered, the remains of the parents were found hugging the the greek ime minister,en visibly shak, announced a state of emergency in the athens region and three days of national mourning. prime min. tsipras: there are no words to describe the feelings of all of us at this hou the untry is living an untol tragedy. dozens of human lives have been lost. mark: for the rescuers, the fear of discovering more bodies as
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dozens are reported missing. the flames mayave faded, but beneath the ash, what nightmares are hidden? picturesque has turned to horror. esgreece is blsed by its cclimate, ists, its lush forests. tonight it feels cursed. laura: mark lowen reporting on those horrific scenes. greece is not alone in undergoing extreme weather that turned more than 10missing in laos after a dam collapsed, sending huge amounts of water downstream. heavy rain in recent days made the situation even worse. our southeast asia correspondent reports. reporter: the torrent of water that crashed through the countryside offered little chance f survival. in time, the full full grim picture will be revealed. for now, the world othe survivors is turned upside down,
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. lithey c to safety on the roof of their homes. children and the elderly carried towards dry land. the few positions people hadag time to sae through the muddy floodwater. gmilies who lived in this corner of laos forerations are now homeless, forced out by the destruction unleasby a newly built dam on their doorstep. its developers say torrential rain in recent days caused a fracture, which they tried to fix. they sent out an evacuation warning, but it was too late for many. international aid agencies are raising towards the six villages most affected. but the path is damaged, obstructed, and in some places submerged. local teams have been able to give out some supplies, but they desperately need more food, ter, clothes, and ore than 6500th people
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t shelter, it is a daunting challenge. the laos government had embarked an ambitious dam-buildi scheme in recent years. to become the battery of asia. but it fled badly here. it has cost so many lives. laura: today president tmp tweeted th russia will be fighting hard to have an impact on the upcoming elontion. the rebecause he has been tougher on moscow than any other president. that comes after his meeting with vladimir putin last week. eu was criticized for seeming too cozy with the ruian leader. among the most vocal were former chiefs, who yesterday the white house said might have security clearances revoked. here's the reaction of paul ryan rep. ryan: i think he is trolling people, honestly. laura: for more on that and the threat russia still poses, i spoke a brief time ago with a ormer c.i.a. officer.
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we heard the speakthe house suggesting that the president is just trolling these former intelligence chief by hethreatening to take away security clearance. what is your reading? >> that in and of itself is so alarming. i feel like what we have is constant kabuki theater for middle schlers. the act of tryinto revoke security clearances is so petty and personal on the part of trump, and it has no bearing whatsoever. most of these people are retired. your security clearance is directly linked to your ability to handle and safeguard classified information. it is not something that should have anything to do hether or not you criticize the president. laura: that is what annoyed the president, and it is their criticism over russia that has really riled him. as a former a officer, how great do you see the fed being from russia right now? lindsay: the thrt is huge.
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russia is capitalizing on a situation of us having an administration that is clearly unschooled in how basic intelligence works russia is taking a multipronged approach, as it always has. through decades it hasaken a multipronged approach to attacking us in a number of ways. the difference now is it has been very successful. the difference is we have people who are easily falling prey to honeypots. we have an incredible cyber threat. and we have a president who, because those efforts on the part of russia resulted in him being elected, is unwilling to acknowledge it. laura: let's talk about the latest threat. russian hackers are reported to have broken into the control room of u.s. electrical utilities. that is our critical infrastructure. lindsay: that is really alarming. it is not surprising, but it is really alarming. russia will always take a ltipronged approach. they will go after us in a number of ways. they are going to go after
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political operatives, they will go after infrastructure, they will go after our economy, they are going to go after social media, which is incredibly powerful in th and they are not going to stop. laura: what do you think vladimir putin is making in moscow of the aftermath of hismm with president trump? dilindsay: i think vr putin has been doing a happy dance for months at this point. i think in his head he is riding topless on his horse through the hills. d really has succeeded in a way that probably evenefies his imagination or ambitions. ura: do you expect that russia will use different tactics to target the midterm elections, given that there is so much focus on social media? lindsay: ihink russia is playing the long game. they are playing chess. they have a strategyonand that is aterm strategy. i don't necessarily think they will entirely change up their strategy. but for sure they will be using other tactics. laura: thank you so much for ining us.
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lindsay: thanks for having me. laura: in other news, syria has accused israel of shooting down one of its warplanes over syrian territory. israel said it brought down the ilrcraft, claiming it was carrying out surnce in its airspace. the syrian government denied its anes were over israeli territory. british prime minister theresa may says she will personally lead brexit negotiations with the european union from now on. the country's departure from the eu is in march 2019 fast . approaches. y said the recently appointed secretary of state for exiting the eu would act as her deputy. ivanka trump is closing her fashion brand a year after she pest working with of company to serve in her father's administration. was hoping to she avoid conflict of interest in thes future and cl focus on her role in washington. -- plans to focus on her role in washington. shnew satellite imagers north korea's deconstructingsi
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rocket launc on the western coast. it follows pyongyang's pledg mto denuclearie it last month's summit between president trump and kim jong-un in singapore. i was joined by senior fellow at the center for a new american security. what is your reading of north korea starting to dismantle this site? >> it is a step in the right direction, but i would not call it a genuine denuclearization step. the north koreansey said o not need to test new grid devices or missiles so if that is the case, they don't need this facility. kim jong-un said he would weapons this year, because we have already reached technological nirvana, so to speak. laura: the trump administration will know that this is purely symbolic rather than meaningful. duyeon: yes, they would. the north will likely most likely claim i've taken all of
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these measures, i've declared moratoria, i've blown up the entranceo the test site, i have returned hostages from what can they do now? once they return the remains, the last thing they agreed upon at singapore, the negotiations could get trickier. the north can say i have done my end of the bargain, what can you do for me? laura: what is it kim jong-un really wants? duyeon: according to what people are saying, they want to push ahead with the peace process. to speed up the peace pcess -- a peace treaty is just another route for the north to try to rid u.s. troops from the korean peninsula and break the u.s.-south korea alliance. that is a savvy way to get there. laura: there are plenty of talks
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in the company ministry she on north korea, -- trump administration on north korea, john bolton amonthem. will the push for independent verification? duyeon: we should definitely ben pufor independent verification. this engine test facility -- no one verified it. yes, we have satellite imagery, but people need to be on the ground. th is going to be tricky, because in the past as you write remember -- ght remember, they cannot agree on the verification protocol. laura: thank you so much for joining us. duyeon: thank you for havg me. laura: with mike pompeo, secretary of state, testifying on capitol hill tomorrow, he is sure to face pointed questions on north korea and russia and the helsinki summit. you are watching "bbc world news america." ilto come on tonight's program, does facebook need a constitution, and what would it
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we will speak to one author who has considered the proposal. the english divers who helped to rescue 12 boys from the cave in thailand have bee affected by itish prime minister at downing street. the boys themselves are prepared to spend time in a buddhist monastery partly to thank those who saved them. it is just one of a series of ceremonies the rescued thoys will participate in. 11 have become novice buddhists and as customary, had their headshaved. and will meditate, pray, hatred because to the diver who lost his lifthtrying to save r -- pay tribute to the diver who lost his life trying to save there' the coach and 12 boys spe two
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weeks in the cave network befor the complicated mission was launched. british rescuers were honored at a reception by the prime minister. wereasked how many there four we were very pleased. we were both aware that there is a big difference beteing alive inside the cave and eating a life outside theave -- being alive outside the cave. courageous, superbly, professionally competent. reporter: 10 australia, medals for the divers who deemed to their own hobby on. -- odd. >> it was an experiment, in a y. done it in a cave for malnourished, skinny thai kids before.
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reporter: back in the u.k., theresa may says she is very proud of the ver reluctant heroes. prime in. may: they are heroes. eblaura: fk has been in the spotlight recently for reasons it is not so keen to share. beyond the issue of privacy, who is allowed to post what has been questioned. ceo mark zuckerberg was asked wey he would not ban holocaust deniers, and the acentered around free speech only led tmore controversy. does facebook need a constitution to govern itself? that is a question asked by max read of "new york" magazine, who joined me a short time ago. do you think facebook needs a
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governing nstitution? max: i think it would solve a lot of the problems they have. the central problem we face right now whethesiyou are on the of whether it should ban holocaust deniers or support free speech, facebook has so ower and basically one o two people in charge of it. that would be markg. zuckerb traditionally the way we deal with dominating power like that, a sort of sovereign, dictatorial power, is a system of checks an balancesnstitutional way of disturbing power among different people and bodies and strong rules and regulations inat would help hold it back. laura: ok, who is to be the james madison and write the facebook constitution? max:ne problem is that mark zuckerberg basically has to be james madison and john adams and alexander hamilton and ben franklin. i think in this case we are not looking at a classical constitutional convention so muchs something like the mag carta, with the u.s. government weirdly playing the role of
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nobles confronting king john. this is a thing where you have a bunch of d like media, the government, facebook itself, that all have d set ires and needs out of it. z letting makerberg said- sit by himself in his office and deciding what is company can do is not the best way to determine if it is being adequately regulated. laura: do you think facebook will go for this grandiose idea? max: mark zuckerberg'public statements indicate to me at least that he understands the difficult position he is in. healeems to publicly have a commitment to understanding his platform as a kind of town square or public space. he has spoken about creating a kind of facebook supreme court. he understands that he has the most powerful media publication on the planet, and it functions as a way that people come gether and discuss politics. he feels uncomfortable in theti po of somebody who is obligated in some way or another
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to censor bad stuff, so to speak. the problem is that facebook is a for-profit company, and the way it makes money is by cnerating attention, and attention comes frtroversy and outrage and extremism. until facebook becomes a nonprofit, i don't see zuckberg himself being able sit down and say, ok, i'm going to do this. laura: max, ultimately, does facebook accept th it is a publisher, not just a platform for sharing? max: absolutely not. facebook does not wanto be admit that it isin anyother than a business, putting content and allowing people to publish content for other people to read. it has a profit motive that is extremely powerful, making anor us amount of money. any admission to being a publisher, being almost a state like power in some cases, just opens it up to accepting f responsibili this stuff that ends up on facebook. laura: is this controversy emmaging its business at all? max: doesn't ike it.
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we have gone through 18 months, g two years of facebook bee center of accusations of fake news, conspiracy mongering, holocaust denial, all kinds of awful things, and it is rolling in the dough. it does not seem like users or investors are paying attention. laura: max read,inhank you for g us. max: thank you. as britain's first colony in the u.s., the story of jamestown, virgini goes back four centuries. a key character is sir yeardley, who introduced the rule of law to jamestown a decade after it almost collapsed fromm. starvation and cannibal after years of searching, archaeologists think they have found sir george's remains. jane o'brien has more. jane: 400 years old, and this guy is looking pretty good. just as well, because those bones are needed to provide the dna that will hopefully confirm what everybody thinks, that this is sir george yeardley.
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>> what i'm interested in doing is getting a bone or tooth sample i can take away for dna analysis, and see if it matches that of a known relative. jane: to check him out myself, i have to provide my dna as a control. four you o do is free on these remains or touch them and you are putting your dna all over it. one thing i'worried about is contamination. it will take you longer. jane: that is a lot of spit. >> it is. it will take a lot of time to do. i will take it back to the u.k. for analysis. jane: i'm going to do this. [laughter] >> take your time. jane: once we have tested and suited up, we enter the grave site to look for teeth. >> it looks like a tooth here. it is looking good. wl be able to do dna analysis. jane: to make sure they were
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digging in the right place scientists used ground-penetrating radar. >> this is the first time we have imaged a human skeleton with ground-penetrating radar. it is a really big because it is not supposed to be possible. this will open a lot of doors for new research for noninvasively looking atem archaeologicalns and potentially not even having to disturb them at all. jane: but why does anybody care about sir george yeardley? this is where he presided over the first general assembly thato established rulaw in america and the principle of representative government. but theris a dark side to this story, because sir george was one of the first english slaveholders in the colony. irst setrge yeardley foot in jamestown in the summer of 1610, the colony was onlahe brink of ce. barely 60 settlers had survived the winter, and some had resorted to cannibalism. a decade later, sir george was
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in charge of a settlement thatd offech >> in 1619 managed to get hold of the first enslaved africans in the colony, about the same time as the general assembly. sir george became one of the largest of the slave owners. jane: there are 1000 other graves at jamestown, each with a story to tell. with each discery emerges a more complete history of the origins of modern america. jane o'brien, bbc news, jamestown. e doingrather jane than m that spit test. there are at least 1000 other bodies at jamestown. remember, you can find much more about the day's news on our website, including the latest on our top story, the deadly wildfires in greece that have killed 74 people.
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to see what we're working on it any time, make sure to check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thanks so much for watching "bbc rld news america." >> witthe bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe yo way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding othis presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuingti sos for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vis we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begi chisel. we strip away everything that stanw in the way to reveal ne possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approaar to banking nd you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow isow. purepoint financl. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsor by newshour productions, llc g,>> woodruff: good evenin'm judy woodruff.he on tewshour tonight, wounded by the trade war-- the trump administration offers billions in relief to u.s. farmers hurt by the president's tariffs. then, the second part of our look at the growing awareness of fetal alcohol disorder. tonight: how families cope with the diagnosis. >> those kids are at such high risk of falling through the cracks because they look typical, people expect typical behavior from them but they've got a brain injury.oo >>uff: and, year-round learning. how some schools are doingway with summer vacation in order to achieve a more balanced schedule for students. >> today's american school


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