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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 1, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, >> thiss america." kovler foundation, pursuinam solutions foica's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to revea possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
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banking aroundou -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." c laura: this is "rld news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.in violence eruptimbabwe's capital over the result of the country's election. opposition supporters take to the streets, clas ing the vote gged. >> it has changed dramatically, the atmosphere in the last 24 capital over the result of the hours. reallyolatile now. we have had tear gas fire, shots fired. i think we've got to go. laura: president trump tets his attorney general should end the russia pbe, but the white house says it is an opinion, not an order plus, from salt and silver came
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some of the world's earliest photographs. now these old prints are gettini a new auence. laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. violence has erected in zimbabwe's capital, harare, as a result from monday's general election show the ruling zanu-pf party won the parliamentary vote. presidential results have yet to be announcon. the opposilaims the vote was rigged. at least three people have been killed in the unrest, casting a cloud on what should have been a new political era, after 40 years of rule by robert mugabe. our africa editor fergal keane reports from harare. omfergal: frarly, there was something differenin the air. reports emerged on state media that a presidential er would be declared by the afternoon.
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at opposition headquarters, supporters were gathering in anticipation. about an hour to go before the declaration of the results. we have water cannons stationed right outside opposition quarters. moodred to the celratory yesterday, it feels more tense. in the absence oan official result, the crowds believed the claim of their leader, however premature. >> chamisa! >> chamisa is the winner! fergal: but over at the result center, hopes of an annocement faded. as the declaration of parliamentary results dragged , it appeared that not all the legal representatives of the 23 presidential candidates had turned up. >> for now this is all we have for you. we will announce the results of the presidential as soon as it is taking care of. fergal: the delay convinced the opposition that there is a fix.
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as the day wore on, foreignpe observers ed for a swift declaration. >> the results of the presidential elections were counted first in the polling stations, and therefore, i have still to learn what will be fergal: just outside, the riot police locked the gates against protesting opposition supporters. they burned photos of the president and the ruling party. we heard shots and teagas. then the afternoon descended into chaos. at the other end olithe city, po came under attack. a ruling party office was targeted. gunfire echoed around the city. there was injury and death. a bbc colleague struggled to help this man as his life ebbed
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away. close by, a policeman pointed his gun towards the camera. there are soldiers just beyond mais group of running people. it has changed dcally, the atmosphere in the last 24 hours. really volatile now. we have had tear gas fire, shots fired. i think we've got to go. we saw a bayonet-wielding soldier strike at a protester. opposition supporters tried to blockade the city center. at the headquarters of zanu-pf, party officials watched the angry crowds approach. tonight, the president and party leaders blamed the opposition. >> we hold the opposition and its leadership is responsible
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disturbing of national peace, which was meae to disrupt ectoral process. fergal: armored vehicles on the streets, scenes more reminiscent ofin war zone than a nation thmiddle of a democratic electi. a city wherehousands cheered the army just months ago. >> today we saw the deployment of military tanks and firing of live ammunition no civilians for pparent reason. civilians are allowed to demand the respect of their rights in a lawful manner. any disorder may be dealt with by the police, who are best trained for public order. hifergal: in a few hours ts afternoon, the great hope for this country was battered. it will take real will on all sides for ito be restored. fergal keane, bbc news, harare. laura: for more on the unrest to
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my spoke a brief time ago with the director of the africa center at the atlant council. peter, those scenes of violence we saw in rare, do they risk undermining the whole presidential election, the result of whicis still has not been announced? >> very disturbing images we are all seeing, and i think there's a bit of responsibility to go all the way around. most certainly the primarily responsibility belongs to the security services and the military, who seemingly acted with perhaps too much force. on the other hand, some of the opposition leaders bear some of responsibility for prematurely claiming victory when the election results had not been announced and for inciting people, perhaps a little tooxcited for their own good. laura: but election observers are as election commission has not yet announced the results of the presidtial poll. what could be the possible reason for theelay?
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peter: that is a real question. they announced results for all but 17 of the parliamentary races. 1-wood -- one would think the votes would have been collated.h e might be legitimate reasons for the delay. certainly within the legal timeframe. but in the climate and they histd everything, this feeds a sense of paranoia, it feeds a sense of suspicion. s ura: the opposition is saying that because thereis delay they feel that the votes are being stolen from them. peter: we dow't know. d urge the election commission to publish the results credibly and completely to dispel this. but their delay is adding to a very tenseituation. laura: wasn't this supposed to be such a moment of promise for zimbabwe, finally moving away from the era of robert mugabe? peter: i think that is what the people of zimbabwe were hoping for, and what many in the international community were hoping for, tt with a credible, free election, one that reflected the will of the
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people, that the international community healthbw zimput this chapter behind it and move forward. with the scenes we are seeing now, that will be difficult. laura: and yet with the shadow of robert mugabe looming large over all of this, is distrust of the process part of s legacy? t peter: it is certainly pof his legacy, as well as the action othe military and police. they were conditioned to brutality anviolence over so many years. i'm certain that the president emmerson mnangagwa did not want what he apparently claims to be his victory or will be claiming as victory to be tainted this way. but after years of conditioning, one shld not be surprised this is how they respond. laura: can whoever wins restore confidence? peter: it dependon how legitimate the victory is accepted or not by the people of zimbabwe and the international community. there is going to be a real question o wherever it is has to be careful
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to be inclusive and create the conditions to rebuild the trust in the social fabric of the country. laura: thank you so much for joining us. peter: thank you. laura: president trump is getting increasingly fed up wi the mueller investigation into whether his campaign cooperated with russia, and as usual he is using twitter to voice frustration. today he declared, "this is a terrible situation andney general jeff sessions should stop this rigged witch hunt right now before it continues to r.ain our country any furt bob mueller is totally conflicted and his 17 angry democrats doing his dirty work are a disgrace to usa." when asked about it at the white house briefing, the press secretary said ts. -- said that was simply the president's opinion, not an order. for more on this and the trial of president trump's former campaign manager, i spoke a brief time ago with ron achristie, formiser to president george w. bush. is it credible to you, the whiti house sang that the president
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is just expressing his opinion about mueller?de ron: no, pres don't have opinions. the president of the united stat, every word, every utterance they have has a significant weight to it, and for the president to suggest he is just offering an opinion is very troubling for those watcng and seeing what trump or his attorney general will do as it relates to bob mueller. laura:s it also a risk for the president that it looks like he is trying to obstruct justice by eral to his attorney g end this probe into whether or not his campaign is cooperating with russia? ron: there are two things to look at,e laura, gal question and political question. perspective, it is hard for the president of the united states acting in his official capacity to obstruct justice. p but fromitical lens, this harkens back to watergate, it harkens back to the saturday night massacre where president thxon started firing people to get the outcome ananswer he was looking for. president trump, legally can he do it? yes.
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but politically, perilous. laura: what seems to hav also annoyed the president is hiat the trial has begun o former campaign manager paul manafort, d he has been tweeting about that, too. but the triais not about collusion with russia. why is theresident concerned with it? ron: i think the president conflates what happened with the estigation with paul manafort. paul manafort is allegedly hiding money from lobbying with the ukrainian government. trump says he was briefly campaign manager,k and you t about collusion and meddling, and trump i believe conflates the two and puts them as one manner. laura: what potentially couldf come out othe manafort trial that could damage the president? ron: honestly, i don't think anything. i don't think he worked for the president long enough. you are talking about circumstances that took place over a decade ago. i don't think ther direct connection with the president legally. what could he say that could damage him on otr matters? it is too early to say. laura: meanwhile, the
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president's lawyer rudy giuliani says it is time for the special counl inquiry to put up or shut up. are we reaching some kind of crescendo? ron: i think we are. i think the american people are so divided in the united states of those who believe the h russiat colluded w and those who don't. as a lawyer, i look at this and say that the prosecutor ha ample time and spent millions of dollars looking for evidence. if he has got a caseitlet's see if he doesn't, it will have heading into th midterm elections. laura: as a lawyer and politician, do you expect bob mueller will have a long, hot augustsy and be nd then go quiet during the midterm elections? ron: actually, i think he will wve a long hot august, and my predictions are thwill see something before the midterm election, late september to early october, the oct surprise. how surprising will the findings be laura: ron christie, thanks for joining us. ron: good to see you. laura: in other news, the u.s.
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is condering imposing 25% tariffs on $200 billion of chinese goods. that is mu higher than the 10% president trump had indicated he would impose. the moveould cause even more tension between the world's two biggest economies. cocaine production in colombia is higher than ever, with much of it he europe.the u.s. and over 900 tons of cocaine were produced in colombia last year, despite a peace accord that ha ded a long-running insurgency by rebels known as the farc.s it prompting fears that the country is losing the war on drugs.s the bbc'security correspondent frank gardner has this special report. cank: colombia post-peace deal, and the war on druontinues . a surprise raid by narcotics police on an illegal coca crop. i nt with them. from remote areas like these, cocaine production is now at an all-time high -- over 900 tons
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last year, much of it heading to europe, including the u.k. the troops destroy the jungle labs wherever they can. colombia seized over 400 tons last year. but it is t winning the war against traffickers. we have just gone by helicopter a short distance away right in the middle of a coca field. this is a laboratory, a fully oroperational jungle labor you can smell it in the air. they are going to destroy it, but they are worried about a counter attack on people who are operating this. they think they will try to hit them. colombia's 52 year-long insurgency by farc rs may be over, but the government is struggling to reassert control in many parts. often where former rebels have disarmed, the cocaine industry is fueling criminality. , illegaltrafficking
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mining, contraband,xtortion. our fight against narco trafficking, the source for those groups, is really our main effort. as long as there is coca and cocaine, those groups will have support to continue the fight against democracy and continue the fight against the population. frank: offshore in the caribbean, the coast guard told me that traffickers pay locals on this island to approach the big container ships and then ing the dr>>s on board. they get the information about the location of the containers and the destination of it. frank: down on the pacific coast, this is the epicenter of the cocaintrade. poverty-stricken and
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underinvested, its people suffer most. mothers told me the biggest fear is their sons growing up to join the violent drug gangs. at sunday mass, we find a father who believes the government's recent boost in security presence here won't last. >> military action is only temporary. it stops, and then the murders return as soon as the military drops their guard a little, the people start to fight again. it is a temporary solution. we need social investment here. frank: nighttime here is dangerous. e murder rate has shot u since the farc rebels disarmed, as rival drug gangs compete for turf. on patrol witholice, i can see the heavily uniform security presence. would not be enough to topple the cocaine trade, nor the massive demand from britain, the u.s., and elsewhere. colombia's war on drugs is very
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far from over. frank gardner, bbc news, colombia. 's struggle with cocaine continues. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, why the beprint for a plastic gun is causing a major controrsy in the u.s. we will have the latest on the uproar. in pakistan, a group of young akrls in karachi's once troubled neighborhood are bg barriers and taboos by developing their boxing skills. a hope that boxing can give them success, a future, and above all, the self-confidence to stand up for themselves. every day after hool, these girls gather here at this botong club ursue their dreams. this 13-year-old is one of the
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most passionate boxers. a fighter who remains her inspiration is muhammad ali, she has high hopes for the future. ali'sove muhammadfi ting. it was amazing, especially the way he uses his right hand. i want to be like him. he won three championships. i want to win five. reporter: it is one of the most densely populated neighborhoods of pakistan's commercial capital, karachi. it is home to divers groups who have one thing in common, poverty. until recently, the area was completely inaccessible to outsiders, even the police. >> i think i have become very powerful. if i'm standing with three or fouren mi can face them. boxing has given me, and support. :reportey when thtarted boxing, they faced criticism. but that changed.
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despite all the success, there is still uncertainty about the future of the club. the boxes come from families who don't have muchoney. " is running -- and the club isn running out of. >> we don't have a changing group for girls. if aone can provide the facility, we can arrange a lot more tournaments and can train more girls. reporter: despite all the disadvantages, the g are determined to break the barriers and ke their mark at the internional level. laura:re ts a massive controversy over the blueprint for a plastic gun. last night a judge in seattle blocked the release of plans which would allow anyone to print 3-d firearms. e but ling is only temporary, and thein man b the design says it is his first
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amendment right to publish them. anrajini vaihan joined us for the very latest. the white house has weighed in on this. what are they saying about it? rajini: first of all, this is a bizarre twist in the gun rights debate, the idea of people beg able to download and print 3-d guns. as youay, the company, defense distributed, in texas has been fighting for this for a while. they did a deal with department of justice in june which would have allowed them to publish the the blu3-rints for thguns. a courtentioned, then in seattle blocked the release of the blueprints after eight states a the district of columbia launched a legal challenge. the twist with the white house is we heard from the white house today saying ttht they agree he judge's decision. it is at all is with tme justice depa. -- it is at odds with their stice department. sarah sanders, the white house spokesperson, saying today that othe departmejustice did a deal with this company without
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the white house being aware, and president trump is pleased at the release of these blueprints has been blocked. he has more time to review the material. ite surprising, especial because the president is a gun wghts advocate. laura: just brieflt are proponents of stricter gun laws saying about these 3-d guns? rajini: people who are concerned about this say that because of ue way they can be made, can print them in your own home, they are untraceable and don't have serial numbers, and the biggest concern is they can get into the wrong hands this goes back to court on august 10. we will see what happens then. laura: rajini vaidnathan, thank you so much for joining us. selese we snapes endlessly, but years ago, the 125 age of photography was only just beginning. back then, salt and silver were used to produce images,pi techniqueered by an alglish scientist. some of the origrints are
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being shown in partnership with the wilson center for photography. >> it coverscahe first two s of photography, 1840 roughly to 1860. the early american photography is identified as being mostly daguerreotypes. in fact, the salt print and the positive-negative process is the effect of producing multiple prints from a single negative, that is what is at the core of photography today. you have an image that can travel much further than that one single piece of paper. that was essential to the function of photography, makingi it pe to be in london or paris and yet simultaneously be all around the world in a way that the empires were reaching all around the world. all of the prints on display are from a private collectio in london. the one exception is an album from our collection at yale, named after the young woman who compiled i
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we included thislbum in part to highlight the woman herself. she is probably the most well-known woman photographer worked with the salt print process. this album contains several remarkable photographs by her. that work like hers is in albums is one of the reasons why women sometimes geleft out of the writing on the history of early erotography. the other photograin this exhibition were male and their work was produced for a public setting of some kind. they were published, being sold, might have been exhibited. resurrecting the presence of women in early photography means taking the albums seriously and on their ownerms. photography is embedded in everything that we do. it iin our family practices, photojournalism, science. one of the things that makes the work in this exhibition so important is they sh the origins of that embeddedness in the rest of culture.
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i hope people can see that photography is not just part of art. it is part of the history of archaeology, part of his true empire and colonial governance war and journalism about war. it is about all of those histories, and so much more than art. it may not be obvious when looking athese prints that they are over 160 years old, because they have a freshness t them that draws you in right away. what i want is for people to come in and experience the immediacy of the prints and reflect upon the ubiquity of photogphs in their own lives and understand that there is a long, rich history to that. these prints are so stunning, in such fine conditn, i don't know any other place where you will see more than 100 salt this inthat look lik one place. it is just really extraordinary. i think that that will grab people right away. it should. laura: arresting images from the
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past. remember, you can find much more of all the day's news on our cabsite, and to see what we're working on it an check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our gnvertical videos are desied to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel.we trip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcelos angeles.
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captioning sponswsed by nehour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, zimbabwe's post pridential- election violence-- police and military open fire on opposition supporters as the country waitso for the fina tally. then, an internet conspiracy group surfaces during a trump rall. inside the online world of q-anon, and what their presence armeans for the republican. and, with many residents still not connected to the power grid, the debate over the future of energy in the navajo nation. plus, telling monticello's history beyond thomas jefferson. new exhibitions reveal the complex legacy of sally hemings anslavery in early america >> we as americans don't address some of the more complex issues of slavery, of sex, of power, of ownehi

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