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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 28, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possmale by the frfoundation, kovler foundation, pursuingam solutions foica's neglected needs, and purepoint financia >> howo we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision.we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to. chisel we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to lsnking around you --
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your plans, your gyour dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. president trump sets his sights on google, facebook, and itter. he claims they are censoring conservative voices. big tech says not so fast. u.n. goodwill ambassador cate blanchett speaks excsively to the bbc about the urgency of addressing the rohingya crisis. cate: when the tuation is impossible, you have to push harder. despair is something we cannot give into. >> ♪ r-e-s-p-e-c-t laura: plus, fitting farewell to the een of soul. thousands line up to pay tribute
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to aretha franin. laura: welcome to our viewers on publicio televin america and around the globe. president trump has long had a s contentilationship with the press, and today it was cial media companies he unleashed on. in an early-morning tweet he took aim at the likes of google, censorg they purposely conservative voices. it is a charge they deny. stuck with the theme. pres. trump: i think google has taken advantage of a lot of people and it is a very serious thing and very serious charge. google and twitter and facebook, they are treadinon very , very troubled territory and they have to be careful. it is not fair to large portioio of the popul laura:ef a bime ago i
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spoke to our technologyve correspondent ee. are the tech companies surprised by the president targeting them like this? dave: i don't think they will be surprised. at the president has been sayingoes some of the concerns that -- concerns that originally came from the further reaches op right-wiitics in the u.s., but more recently brought to various congressmen and women suggesting that views on social media -- facebook, twitter, and as we are hearing, google, somehow suppressed or not being spread as widely as left-leaning voices. there is a view among growing number of conseatives that the people who live in towns like this, silicon valley, are using their immense power in order to influence -- have influence with those platforms. all the companies deny that very strongly.
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laura: what is google specifically saying about the claim that it censors conservative voices? dave: google was quick off the mark. after the president's tweet early in the morning, google said in atatement that the search is not used to set a political agenda, and we do not .ias our results against a political ideolo there are many factors into what does appear in a google search c 200 different things th influence the ranking of various websites. goog is pretty firm in sayin that politics is not part of the equation. tura: is google worried t the internet searches could be regulated? administration suggested today it is going to look into that. dave: yes, i think theforimary concergoogle is that the increased scrutiny about how search results are displayedad could result id
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transparency over how the algorithm works. of course, it is the algorithm that makes google a lot of its money. it is something of a black box. google does give hints about how things are ranked, but nobody ally knows externally from the company how exactly it works. google would be worried, as cwith other techpanies be, that scrutiny would mean more transparency and an understanding of how these work. laura: dave lee in san francisco, thank you. war crimes may have been conducted according to all parties -- why all parties in yemen, according to rights experts who claim that little effort has been made into minimize casualties. yemen has been divided in a fierce civil war. caught in the middle are civilians, and almost 6700 have been killed. the real figures are likely to be much higher. our diplomatic correspondent james robbins reports. james: the u.n. experts are
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blunt -- the plight of civilians in yemen has been all but ignored. the u.n. team points to attacks on residential areas in which thousands have died. among ose attacks, saudi-led airstrikes come in for particularriticism, like this one three weeks a that killed dozens of children in a s in a marketplace. >> individuals in the government of yemen and the coalition, including saudi arabia and the united araemirates, may have conducted attacks in violation of the principles of distinction, proportionality, and all precautions, which may amount to war crimes. james: the u.n. says a confidential list of names will be handed over to the high commissioner for human rights. the saudi-led coalition accused the u.n. of bias and pressure from the houthi rebel side. >>dhese statements are bia
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and based on the houthi point o view. we know that u.n. bodies and ngos are under pressure by the houthi militias. james: but it is the firepower on the saudi side and the way it has been used that causes political problems for their principal arms suppliers, britain and the united states. the saudi coalition targetingde decisions are ere in the command center. the raf has officers inside -- not, britain insists, to take part in that targeting, but instead to minimize the risk toi lians. last week in washington i asked the foreign secretary about britain's role. >> i think we have a lot more influence with the relationship we have with the saudi than if we prosecuted the relationship in a different way. the truth is all of us are very worried about some of the things
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that have been happening in yemen, and we have a responsibility as an important power in the region to make those concerns felt and to make sure that everything that happens insofar as we are able does comply with international humanitarian law. mes: but the u.n. says international humanitarian law pp being broken both sides. houthi fighters suorted by iran shout "death to america, death to israel, victory to as long as then yemen goes on, it seems civilians will all too often be the victims. james robbins, bbc news. laura: we turn from one major international crisis where civilians are caught in the crossfire to another. aid topfter the u.n. military figures in myanmar must be investited for genocide in rakhine state, goodwill ambassador cate blanchett hasen peaking out at the united nations. the actress was recently in bangladesh, where hundreds of
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rohingya muslims have been forced to flee. today she spoke exclusively to the bbc's nada tawfik in new york. cate: i think part of the security council's writ is to highlight and continue unfailingly and not give up. just come from speaking to the seetary-general, and when the situation is impossible, you have to push harder. despair is not something we can get into. when you see the resilience of the refugees themselves, in a school with children who have lost parents, seen their grandparents pushed back into burning buildings, set on fire -- sat with one particular girl who was 14 who had herar three-ld brother dismembered and thrown into a fire in front of her. t when you sm moving forward positively, trying to go to school, it galvanizes me andme makeant to not forget
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those individual faces in the magnitude of the numbers that we hear. i think it is really -- it is beholden on the international community to shine a spotlight on it. it may seem impossible, but it is not an excuse to anything. nada: have you been disappointed with aung san suu kyi the de facto leader and her moral authority as a nobel peace prize laureate has not done more to prevent the violence?te i think it is imperative that the government of myanmar since about -- sets about concrete paths to giving the rohingyas citizenship. every human being -- we are sitting here, we are able to vote, we have the right to education and basic health caree thesle have none of those rights. ma is absolutely vital that the government of mya year on from the crisis starts to make
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positive, concrete sps towards making sure thosthings happen. it is of paramount importance. nada: after visiting the camps, being here to speak to internatio reflected at all on the fact that there have been warning signs for decades, inciting violence against the rohingya for decades, andat yet intenal leaders did not prevent this from happening? cate: i think when we are dealing with statelesseople, the problem can often be invisible, and you can feel that particarly in the west that there is cultural barriers. but when you sit with the mother newly rived who has not even because she isgs worried that the train above is going toollapse when the rains come, you realize there are human beings inside this crisis. i think it is really imp that even though we talk about the numbers, we don't lose sight of the human beings.
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i suppose part of my role as a goodwill ambassador is to rescore that human face. laura: cate blanchett speaking to the bbc's nada tawfik. in other news, the death toll ou icane maria is estimated to be way higher than previously thought. accordin to a study, almost 3000 people have died in the most powerful storm of the last 90 yearss the figure iconsiderably higher than the official death toll of 64 people that was originly cited. russia ss it will hold its biggest military exercise in soviet times later this month. the defense minister said the wargames will nvolverly 300,000 troops, 36,000 tanks, and more than 1000 aircraft. russia's northern pacific fleets will also be deployed. today the u.s. senate continue
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to one theto one the loss of jo. his desk in the chamber was covered in a black drape with white roses on top to honor his lifetime of service. it is a sentiment shared at the pentagon, where u.s. defense secretary james mattis had this to say. sec. mattis: and all he did, senator mccain never lost sight of our shared purofse in defense reedom. for his words, "a shed purpose dola not our identity. on the contrary, it enlarges your sense of self." our nation has lost a great patriot and our military has lost one of our most ardent ursupporters. among the u.s. generals who knew senator mccain well was david petraeus, who commanded troops in iraq and afghanistan before becoming head of the cia. my colleagues katty kay and vision fraser spoke to him for their program "beyond 100 days," and started by getting his reaction to the controversy at the white house over flying the flag at hf-mast.
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gen. petraeus: well, it is a bit inexplicable. there are times when one should rise above differences, and death is one of ts se times. itartening to see the flag eventually lowered and the president read a proclamation because i'm a very much of mine with my old shipmate and buddy for military times, jim mattis, on the extraordinarnalegacy that r mccain leaves. katty: what impact does his best have on the u.s. military? he was a huge supporter of u.s. troops and visited them constantly arounwathe world and a big supporter of u.s. engagement around the world. he did stand up to generals when he thought it was necessary, wh different suspending or most famously on torture. i cannot think of someone else the senate who has tha position. gen. petraeus: well, he had great moral authority on a number of topics.
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given his own service and his time as a prisoner of war, when he came to the issue of torture -- and i might note that i was very much with him on that particular issue for a variety of reasons. thankfully, he was one of the great supporters of the surge, which i was privileged to command in iraq, as you will recall, and the surge in afghanistan and there's initiatives during my time in uniform. we s a great deal -- no one backs and comment more than he did in the 18 or so years of this particular century and particularly in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. he has done an enormous amount soldiers,that our sailors, airmen, marines had the means they needed for vale on the battlefieldand we have the ght strategy. he was quite critical of the bush administration on iraq prior to the sge.
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very supportive thereafter. but he did not hesitate to challenge anyone. he didn't hesitate to challenge people who equivocated, who dodged a tough question or what have you. i saw that percent on numerous occasions, dating back to when i was hustng bags, as they say, for the chairman of the joint chiefs and the chief of staff of the army, and in my own experiences with him, where thankfully he was an extraordinary supporter of what it was we were trying to do. in the wake of the surge in iraq, i remember rephnesing the old about if you want a friend in washington, get a dog. i said if you want a real friend in washington, get senator mccain. by the way, he brings the dog as well. laura:er g david petraeus there. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, president trump fifa to the head of
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white house. the focus shifts to a different form of football. british prime minister theresa may is on a tssee-day trade n to beas economic ties with african nations. today she was in south africa can or she ppodged 4 billion ds to boost britain's investment in africa after brexit. our political correspondent was there and sent this rert. the death -0- -- upbeat, certainly. on theog reczer, perhaps not. but theresa may-- on the beat, perhaps not. but theresa may was there to talk economic growth. lethe prime minister pdged an extra 4 billion pounds in direct u.k. government investment, which sheat expects to beed by the private sector. to thate end, untries
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signed a new trade agreement. --m a prime minister may >> prime minter may and i and delegations concluded discussions characterized by a new commitment to forge a closer partnership between our two countries. reporter: for the u.k., brexit is a spur to expand trade beyond the eu, which is by far our biggest market. but witht bre talks seemingly stalled and time to do a deal ruing at to my asked the prime minister how she planned to break the deadlock. prime min. may: first of all, we are working for a good deal. we have put forth a proposal for good deal. i believe that goes to the benefit of not only the u.k., but of the european ion. we take the common sense approac' of saying we doknow what the negotiation outcome will be. that is why we make the preparatns. reporter: theresa may will need some nifty politicge footwork to
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through the autumn. for today, the troubles of brussels and westminster seem far away. bbc news, cape town. -- we are usedto to seeing foreign presidents weutome to the oval office, today it was the president of w fi was there to see donald trump. it comes ahead of the u.s. hosting the world cup with mexico and canada in 2026. among the gifts brought to the white house were a set of yellow and red cards, which thed president coe against his opponents. for more on the meaning i was joined by tommy smyth from new york. the president finds time in his busy schedule to meet with the boss of fifa. how important is the 2026 world cup to donald trump? tommy: if you consider the world cup is so far away, it must be
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very important. gey want to make sure th plenty done in time. i guess there's a lot of things to be done. trump made a statement yesterday that this was very importedt for the untates. somebody is in his ear. i'm not sure who, but it is good news for soccer. laura: the fifa president says he wants it to be the greatest world cup ever, but doh yok the fighting over who gets the key matches and donald trump is trying to lobby to get the final? tommy: i think they already decided they are going to split it up and give 10 matches to mexico and 10 matcheanada and the other 60 will be in the. united sta the thing is, this world cup is going to be very different because it would be ex to 48 teams. normally there is only 32 teams in the world cup finals. 's -- so it gives them a l of extra games to play here. they will divvy them up pretty well. lolaura: "soccer has come
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way," donald trump said today. what effect will it haven the came that america will qualify because it is a host nation? tommy: it guarantees you will be in. thif you realize thaunited states missed out on russia and that was a huge disappointment ccer fans in the united states. the united states bought more tickets to the world cup finals in russia than any other nation. isu can tell the way socce growing in the united states. it has become a very, very part of the landscape here. tthink trump recognizes t maybe he likes goalkeepers because they're good at building walls. i don't know, something like that. laura: we certainly know his so likes soccer. we heard today at the white house than 4 billion people watched the world cup when it was in russia. this is going to be a massive global event held in north america in 2026. tommy: it is incredible, the
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pull of the world cup around td. wo my own country, ireland, when we qualified for the world cup, you would not find anybody on the streets. it is the same in most countries. teople described to me that they were in italy wheny got knocked out the world cup and it was almost like a day of llurning. the whole world tart looking at america, and there are many different aspects of just the logistics of the world cup to be worked out. it is a fantastic event, amazing that it is going to be in the united states again. remember w, here in 1994 and was the most successful world cup ever. hee fifa president sayin expects it to be the best ever -- i would imagine with 48 teams , g it ng to be incredible. laura: i think it will be. tommy smyth, thank you for joining us. tommy: thank you. laura: it is a fitting sendoff for the queen of soul.
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lright now hundreds aed up in detroit to bid farewell to aretha franklin. she died earlier this month, ane her bodyin repose for public viewing ahead of her star-studded funeral on friday. the bbc's rajini vaidyanathan sent this report. >> ♪ the moment i wake up before i put on my makeup i say a little prayer for you ♪ of arethar fans franklin, it is the ultimate pilgrimage. >> ♪ what you want, baby i got it what you y nee know i got it ♪ rajini:wd clined up for hours as they waited to say the final farewell to the beloved queen of soul. he course he said goodbye, made s -- before shed goodbye, she made one last entrance. ever the diva, the white cadillac transported her in a golden casket. the mood here was melodic, not
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morose. >> ♪ r-e-s-p-e-c-t that's just what it means to me r-e-s-p-e-c-t ♪ rajini: why did you side to queue up to pay her last respects? >> i couldn't have did it for a better person. she is all of that and a bowl of so. >> i'm honoring her today. she means a lot to me, my nefamily, ever she is the queen of soul and paved the way for a lot of black singers. rajini: aretha franklin will lie in sta at the city's african-americanot museum for r day. her style, her grace, and her ruby red heels on show for one last time. >> it was beautiful. she looked like she was just sleeping. she had on red shoes. her dress was so elegant. she looked really pretty. her face looked like she was relaxed.
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>> ♪ you know i got it rajini:rajini: aretha franklin e remembered as america's voice in more ways than one. she fought for gender and racial equality, supported charities she cared about, and remained a role model to so many in detroit and beyond. this week is all about celebrating the life of aretha franklin. khan areonder chaka expected to perform, and former president bill clinton is expected to speak at the service. she was a superstar who never forgot her hometown. is week her hometown is showing the world they will never forget aretha franklin. rajini vaidyanathan, bbc news, detroit. laura: saying farewell to an icon. remember, you can find much more
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y' that story and all the's news on our website. to see what we're working on at any time, check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." ourwith the bbc news app vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so swipe your way through the news of the day and stayit up-to-date the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected nes, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrowi it start a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams.or your tw is now. purepoint >> "bbc world was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodrufi' good evening. judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: defense secretary james mattis argues u.s. efforts to curb civilian casualties in yemen are paying we down the trump administration's military strategy. then, the kavanaugh record. mi continue our look at where the supreme court e stands on key issues.t, toniresidential powers. and, the push for a four-day school week, and whether theld change wake a difference in student performance. >> what are the positives of going to a four-day school week? what are the negatives? i want every single opportunity for my cldren and other children to have to learn. >> woodruff: all thaand more, on tonight's pbs newshour.


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