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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 7, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news erica." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we haved designed our mn approach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. s. and now, "bbc world new rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am rajini vaidyanathan. we have a special port from libya, where a u.n.-sponsored cease-fire is barely holdg after more than a week of violence. former president barack obama is back on the campaign trail, and delivers a rare and stinging rebuke of his successor. mr. obama: it did not start with donald trump. he is a symptom, not the cause. rajini: and up the world's oceans by
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environmentalists. tube might floating do the trick. rajini: wcome to our viewers on public television here in the u.s. and around the. glo a fragile cease-fire remains in ibplace in after more than a week of fighting between rebel factions. libya hason seen nearant chaos since rebel groups toppled colonel qaddafi seven yes ago. rican migrants have been usingun the y as a route to europe. violence erupted around the capital, tripoli. the bbc's clive myrie and his team are the international news crew there, and sent us this report. lye: we are entering a nervous city.
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ow, after a week of fighting and three cease-fires, do we think it is safe to enter tripoli. along this same road seven days ago, fighters from armed groups outside the cital breached city walls. but rival factions inside were ready for the fight. left scores dead, including civilians, and forced thousands to flee their homes. darkness provided no respite. , the battles are overr now,ar but the sclinger. at his family compound, he dotel on two grandchen who are now dead. landed righte where the children were playing.
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there was blood everywhere -- on the ground, all over the trees. when you see the body of your grandchild in pieces. my daughter had to see it, too. i'm very, very sad. why? why are we still fighting? why? clive: they were 14 and 15. they were buried one week ago today.pr libya's lems, the death and destruction, are a result of the messy end ofolonel qaddafi's rule. the armed groups that helped topple him carved up the country, leaving no one in inerall control. the ones who stayehe capital are accused of being greedy, siphoning funds to ruin -- ande ruining onomy.
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those inside the s capit they had to intervene. there is a u.n.-backed government in tripoli, but it is accused of allowing armed factions to act with impunity. with so many militias and fighting groups seemingly running the country, libya is a failediz state. and g on the failure are people smugglers. the fightingf recent days has ensnared thousands of migrants trying to use libya as a gateway to europe across the mediterranean. these people had to break out of a detention center when the fighting got too close. this man ss there was gunfire at night and five people were hit. "that is why we escaped. even as we tried toot run, anr man was shot." d libyans are tireof the men with guns having all the
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influence, and hopes for nationwide elections at eae end of theare in ruins. once again, an attempt to stitch together this fractured nation has come to nothing. spoke afor more, i while ago with clive, who is in tripoli. tat chances are there of the cease-fire holdiether in the long-term? clive: that is the million-dollar question. we have had to cease-fires in the last week. they have failed. there were skirmishes in the hern districts of tripol which is where the original onslaught from factions and armed groups entering the capital began. the cease-fires had to be abandoned, e fighting continued, but the latest effort with the militias and armed forces putting down their weapons has lasted clo n to three da. there is a slim hope that this will be a prolonged situation. the airport not far from here has reopened. that is another sign that things are getting back to normal, perhaps. but there are widespread power outages and fuel shortages in
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this, an oil-rich country. the economy is on its knees. there is so much more that needs to be done before the temptation for the military and armed groups and militias to get involved in running the country, to stop them doing that before the temptation is taken away. those elections that were atteely scheduled for the end of the year, those are in tatters now. the conditions are not right for a free and fair poll. a representative government is what people have been yefoning for decades, after the dictatorship of muammar gaddafi and following his ousting in 2011. but democracy has not come to this land. it is what people are desperate for. rajini: clive myrie, thanks for joining us. let'd's look at some of the s other news. russian president vladimir putin
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refused to support a cease-fire in idlib in syria. he discusses at a meeting with his turkish and iranian counterparts. he said russia would continue its fight about what he describesis as terr in idlib . skillsls have discovered in a mass grave in veracruz. investigators are searchingl sevetes and say they cannot rule out finding more bodies. there is more controversy for the boss of electronicsl carmakr elon musk was smoking marijuana on a podcast, recorded in california where the drug is legal. onop of that, he and the company are being sued by short seller over plans to take the firm private. neither have responded. outck obama has ce swinging against the trump mistration in his first
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major speech of the midterm selectison. addressing a crowd in illinois, the former president addressed what he described as crazy stuff out of the white house, calling on voters to come out in force to support democratic candides this november. nick bryant has more.is nick: as barack obama returning to political center stage, using what has always been the strongest weapon in his andry, the power of speech, . ploying it against donald trump. ama: hello, illinois. nick: he addressed the explosive revelations that trump depointees are working secretly to subvert the pre. mr. obama: they are not doing us a service by actively promoting 90% of the crazy stuff out of this white house and then saying, "don't worry, we are preventing the other 10%." that is not how things are supposed to work. this is not normal. these are extraordinary times. and they are dangerous times.ni
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: these were his strongest criticisms yet of the man who succeeded him, and he was a scathiut donald trump's response to events last year in charlottesville, the clashesit involving supremacists and neo-nazis. mr. obama: we are supposed to stand up to discrimination, and we are sure as heck supposed to stand up clearly and unequivocally to nazi sympatzers. how hard can that be, saying that nazis are bad? [laughter] nick: donald trump is a counterpuncher, and over an hour later, buoyed by stronjobs figures, he described his reaction to being asket his predecessor's criticisms. pres. trump: he said, what did you think of president obama'sch spand i said, i'm sorry, i watched it, but i fell asleep. [laughter] pres. trump: i thought he is very good, very good -- for sleeping.
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nick: the first seven days in september which started with a memorial for john mccain, felt m like a milestoent, where forces of resistance to the presidency asserted lves strongly. much of the service was a rebuke to the president. then came the blockbuster new book from bob woodward and the highly critical column in "the new york times," penne anonymously by an administration official. it is unprecedented to see this kind of publ clash between a sitting president and his predecessor. it speaks of how this divided country creasingly looks like two americas, one that rallies around donald trump and one that seeks to resist him. nick bryant, bbc news, washington.: raji for more on this, i spoke earlier with david frum, former speechwriter for george w. bush and now a senior writer editor at "the atlantic." let's start with the anonymous
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op-ed. you wrote an interesting critique of it in "the atlantic" which drew a lot of in. let me read a line from it. "what the author has ds thrown the government of the u.s. into more dangerous shturmoil. he ohas inflamed the paranoia of the president." why did you write this? david: this op-ed will make the author's own terms. the author says the president is fitful and amoral and paranoid, and rre author says don't there are those on the inside seeking to check him. telling him he can trust us. but of course he can't. what happens next time when a member of the cabinet says, that crazy thing you want to do, for your own sake, don't do it. he will say, you are the author of the article and you areop trying to e for your own reasons, not mine. than the president will be more inclined to do the destructive thing.
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rajini: you worked in the white house.ri if someone hadcisms against your former boss and felt they couldn't speak up, is this have been something someone migh david: having previous white house experience is of no use whatsoever with this white house. in be -- maybe if you worked lucy ricardo's pie factory, but not the white house. every administration has internal leaks. those are there to shape the policy process. the bush administration was hit hard by some very painfus leaks about terrogation techniques, about its secret facilities, and those did a lot of damage.e but aks were not aimed at the president's personal character. they were from inside, people thought the president was doing the wrong thing and trying to reshape the policy.er this is a dit order of magnitude, because this is an administration where not only the administration, but the noite house have no loyalty to the president anoyalty to each other. it is a snake pit. rajini: is it right for the
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president to call on the attorney geral to find who the anonymous writer? david: no, that is mad, too.al the way you ith leaks is ship.ng a spirit of team that is too late. there is nothing illegal about writing an op-ed for "the new york times." what would the attorney general say? president is putting the attorney general in the same ot everybody else's -- yes, sirg -- then sayat is crazy, not doing that. rajini: of course today we have seen former president barack obama come out with a stinging rebuke of the current incumbent of the white house, donald trump. what is your reaction? david: i tught president obama's speech was a high-risk act, but one that will probably succeed. the democratic problem is they have a potentially bigger coalition but less likely to vote, especially in off-year elections. president obama is seeking to mobilize the larger group, and i think it is probably trurehe will have uccess
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mobilizing them thanresident will have leveraging president obama's adherence to mobilize against him. rajini: what do you think it is telling us about the midte it is getting quite scrappy already.da d: i think it tells us turnout will be high. it tells us something else --mi this is erm where the party of the president is inbl trdespite a strong economy. usually when things are bad for the incumbent commit is because of a bad war and economy. arthis time thernot a lot of international casualties and employment growth is strong, yet the party of the president is in serious trouble. rajini: david frum, great to have your insights. you are watching "bbc world news america." ill to come, the search for the missingazi children. a special report from northern iraq, where one woman is working to find those taken byam i state.
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in brazil, the man widely tipped to become the country's next president is recovering in hospital after he was stabbed at a campaign rally. attackedte in a southe state. he is a controversial candidate even by brazilian standards. katy watson ports. aty: on the campaign trail, jair bolsonaro was in his emelement, supported by segly adoring fans. celebrations came to an abrupt end. abd in the abdomen and visibly in pain. supporters surrounded the suspect. he was later arrted. as chaos ensued, the politician was rushed to hospital. after several hours of surgery, mr. olson narrow remain -- mr. sonaro remained undeterred,
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speaking to supporters on social media. his son spoke of his relief. >> he s got more color, he is better,ly he is recovering re well. the doctor said if he wasn't in such good shape, he would likely be dead, becausee lost someth like two liters of blood. katy: jair bolsonaro has been moved to hospital in são paulo -- where he is expected to remain for at least a week. weber did this has to pay. whoever did this cannot stay unpunished. this cannot happen. a democratic country which respects itself, that wants to bec, democrati cannot allow the stabbing of any presidential candidate. katy: next month's presidential elections in brazil are the most inuncertaiecades. what is certain is that this image and the tiar of more pol violence will mark this turbulent campaign to the very end. katy watson, bbc news, sao paulo.
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more than four years ago, so-called islamic state forces ravaged the yazidi people of sinjar. many of those who were taken, including children, remain missing. onebritish aid worker has m it her mission to find the children. our chief international coespondent lyse doucet caught up with her, and has this special report. lyse: this can't-- camp on hillside in northern iraq is home to thousands of yazidi families. all of them survived the brutal onslaught of islamic state. now they are in limbo. every family here has lost almost everything, and don't know if their missing loved ones are still alive. >> little details i didn't know
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-- lyse: i have come here with a british aid work to meet one family, all captured by i.s. four years ago, all of them brutalized. his little girl almost lost kidney to organ traffickers. eight of their relatives are still missing, including a little boy. >>m i'ying to find all of the children that were taken, all of the youngsters. i believe we can find him. i n't promise you can but i will do my very best. >> we were held together in captivity for around nine months, and that isis took all the children away from their rents. they took our little nieces. he was just nine months old and was still being breast-fed when they took him from his mother. >> i know you are looking for other family members. i just wonder, do you think you
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will ever see them again? >> it is really difficult, because isis beat us up, and our family is scattered everywhere. we have idea where they are and if they are still alive. we miss them, and life without them is hard. but we cannot do this alone, and we need help if we ever see them again. lyse: sally becker's search takes her here, to the highest offices of the yazidi faith. also looking for the missing, he shows us some of his files, a few of the people who have been found. womenut 3000 of our ildren are still missing more than half our children. -- mosttill being held are still being held by islamic state. himpparently the name given by isis -- you know him?
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younow? >> i hava video. lyse: where did you get this video? >> i was given this video by the police. is him? you think it sally: definitely, no qution. >> one woman's mission to rescue refugees. lyse: this is how sally berger has always worked. in bosnia, some called her an angel, crossing frontlines to rescue children and circumventing bureaucracy. tshe ing to do the same in iraq. sally: a this ideo i have got, and i don't know for sure if it is him. if you would look at it and just tellco me whether you ize any of the children. do you think it mighte him? take cahim>> o
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in captivity. i would recognize him. i know his face, his eyes. the photos whave seen show a boy of 4, and that is the age he would be now. lyse: it could be him, but finding a child in iraq, confirming and identity, is sensomive andicated. despite sally becker'sor e, the family may never find their child. the same for thousands of yazidi s still searching for loved ones. but it is a rare bit of hope. se doucet, bbc news, northern iraq. rajini: heartbreaking to see so many children separated from their families there, but it is inspiring to see the work of people like sally becker. moving on, it is known as the great pacific garbage patch, region twice the size texas filled with waste, most of the plastic. a ship carrying a giant floating
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tube is making its w to the area in the pacific ocean to start a massive cleanup effort there. david shukman explains further. david: in san francisco, final construction of a massive jepr with an incredibly bold ambition, to try to clear the oceans of plastic waste. this amation shows how the huge structure is meant to collect millions of pieces of plastic, to make them easier to get rid of. sites like this have shocked people around the world.da images of thge to wildlife have inspired this effort to clean up. >> if we don't do it now, all the plastic will start breaking down into smaller and r pieces. the smaller the pieces are, the more harmful and harder to extract from the marine environment. we feel there is a sense of urgency. david: there is plastic waste in every ocean around the world. this is the fit attempt to clean it up. it will take place in the eastern pacific a rotating
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current that tracks plastic, whge is called the great gar patch. it is greater than britain and france combined. how is the project meant to work? a giant tube 600 meters longwi float on the surface, and bend into the shape of a horseshoe, drifting naturally with the currents and the winds. because it will move faster with all the bits of plastic sh the water, ild slowly gather them together in a small area. underwater, a barrier will hang three meters down and trap plastic below the surface. the design should mean that any fish will pass under it. once the plastic has been drawn into a den mass, it will be collected by ship and taken away to be recycled. no one can be sure if the huge system will work. some experts worry it could harm marine life. >> the major problem is those creatures cannot move out of the way.
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they are going to be trapped and unable to move. for example, plankton is at the bottom of the food chain and web do not want toe taking that out of the oceans. >> just clearly from the teh -- >> no other explanation. david: one scientist on the cleanup project says that because the plastic is being eaten by the fish,fos entering th chain, so it should be removed. >> we find it from the 1970's, 1980's, 1990's. we also find languages on the plastic. in the north pacific, chinese, japanese, english. we tried to find whether things -- where those things come fro vid: the plan is to start with one collection device and eventually deploy 60 of them. but all the time, more plastic is pouring down rivers and into the oceans. on its own, the cleanup operation will nev be enough.
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david shukn, bbc news. rajini: that is it fm here. i am rajini vaidyanathan. thanks very much for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videoare designed to work around your lifestyle, so swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines yocan trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs,an purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way toeal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a tale of two presidents. as mr. trump says he wants the attorney general to investigate who is criticizing him from the inside, former presidentbama delivers a call to arms for democrats. then, the presidents of russia, turkey and iran gather to plot the future of the war in syria. plus, how access to abortion is shrinking in some parts of the country. there's a whole host of restrictions in south dakota, and then it's compounded by really, the lack of access, with teonly one clinic in the s >> woodruff: and it's friday. mark shields and david brooks tackle the week in news:

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