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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 12, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this isbbc world news america." >> funng of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, ation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorro it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have
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designed our modern approach tou banking arou- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now.ia purepoint fina >> and now, "bbc world news." jane:hi is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. hurricane florence is barreling towards the east coast. residents are evacuating and preparing for the worst. laura: the surf is up in ightsville beach in north carolina. the hurricane is 400 miles out to sea and rapidly approachingea --ng down on us. jane: president putin says he knows e identity of the two russian suspects in the nerve agent attack, but he insists there is nothing criminal about them. 10 yrs after the financial crisis which brought the global
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economy to the brink, we hear from those who bore the brunt of the fallout. >> where is the bailout for people affected? it literally took me until this year to get out of debt. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. ettoday is the last day tout -- that is the warning being given to residents of the evacuation zones ahead of hurricane florence. the storm is barreling towards the coast of the carolas, threatening to dump massive amounts of rain for isny days and g serious concerns about the storm's surge and wind.ur the bbc's trevelyan is in wilmington, north carolina, and we crossed to her now.
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it is starting to look breezy. how seriously are people taking the warnings? laura: as you can see from the fa that the beach time is desertedle, pere taking the warnings very seriously indeed. there is an evacuation order, mandatory one, enforce from 8:00 tonight. at 6:00, the electricity compa is turning off power to make people leave. people are being told that it ig a life-threate storm. it is expected to get here thursday night and then stall and dump rain from 34 -- 24 to 36 hours, and it is the threat of the rainfall that is the greatest. here is my colleague chris buckler on the preparations underway from the enormous hurricane. chris: right along the coast of the carolina marinas have been cleared of boats and homes have been emptied of people. and seredarded uphu in preparation for florence.
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the police have been roaming already quiet streets, warning that before the storm arrives , the families living here should leave for their own safety. s we have been here 16 ye and never had to evacuate. >> we have had a couple of close calls. cressotti -- wthought the water might rise, storm surge. but this one downright scares chris: o fear, they are came. closely studying the satellite images of th huge hurricane that is slowly approaching from the atlantic. no one can be sure where it will land. along america's east coast, they are being told that the gathering clouds could bring a storm that has an impact for days. >> florence may stall after it makes landfall and move slowlyut down the coast. this could mean that parts of north and south carolina near the coast will experience hurricane-force winds and hurricane conditions for 24 hours or mor
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chris: it is a most threee decades since rolinas experienced a storm on that kind of scale. hurricane hugo is still remembered today. anthere had been panicked buying of water and other essentials at shops. even dozens of miles away from the coast, supermarket shelves have been emptied as people stock up ahead of the forecast of ferocious winds and rain >> we don't know the devastation of this storm. ris: forecasters are predicting it could be the storm of a lifete, and protecting lives here is the priority along this coastline. chris buckler, bbc news, wilmington. jane: laura, you said they would be turning off the power. what happens to people who stay? laura: well, jane, i was just c talking tople who are going to stay put, and they are
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well aware of the risks. the governors of north and south carolina told residents very clearly that i you stay put, you do so at your own risk. the first responders will not come and get you when the storm you can only get help when it is past. people i talk to say that forecasts change allhe time e,d make a go 10 miles south, it could go out to e are willing to take the risk. but most people are leaving, including one couple i spoke to were a woman who was here as a child in 1954 when hurricane hazel hit, and she remembers the devastation heret and she is taking any chances. like so many others, she is getting out. given that this type storm is so rare, how prepared are people? laura: well, you are exactly right. the last 1954. the carolinas was hurricane hazel. there have been other hurricanes
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since like hurricane hugo, but it is the nature of this one. it is weakening a bit out at sea, but it is gigantic. currently the size of four ohios, and it poses this tri e first of all, the storm surges to be twice as high as me, if you can imagine that. rainfall up to 40 inches. you remember from hurricane harvey in houston last year that covered, it was catastrophic flooding that continued for a week afterwards which really damaged people's homes. then of course you have what could be hurricane-force winds, enough to take the roof of your sturdily built home. these of the real threats that people are facg, and that is heedingany people are e warnings and leaving. jane: certainly a lot to worry about. laura trevelyan, thank you for joining us. russian president vladimir putin says two men accused of trying to murder former spy survey -- a surrogate screwball --
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daughterripal and yulia are not criminals. it is a week since they were named by military intelligence said to be involved in the novichok poisoning. president putin says the men are civilian them of giving their version of the events. sarah rainsford reports om moscow. sarah: these are the two men nerved of innervation -- a e agent attack in salisbury. it has been a week since they were named as russian intelligence agents. a week that ruia spent denying any of this in evence. now vladimir putin has addressed the claims directly. with a half smile, he used a stage at this economic forum to enough that the suspects were not agents, but civilians. pres. putin: we know who they are. we found them. i hope they will appear and explain everything. this would be best for everyone. there is nothing special here, nothing criminal, i assure you. sarah: the salisbury poisoni skripal, argei
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former spy who betrayed his country. but his daughter fellan sick to, a policeman who visited their home. da sturgess was poisoned a died three months later. nr boyfriend found a perfume bottle filled wiichok. officials here have been mocking the british case against russia as absurd, soap opera. thtv have even claimed that footage was faked. so it is not clear who might come forward now. u.k. police say the suspects used aliases. could it be men with the same names, or the actual men from the mug shot? one former kgb officer told me russia could be behind the salisbury attack, that the culprits never expected to be discovered. behind their public statements, he thinks russian officials are worried. all of the elite understands the mess that russia is now in.r
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the leip sets the tone. they think the british made it i all up, this all rubbish. but that is jyot bravado. ev knows the consequences will be serious. sarah: outrage over the poisoning has already brought diplomatic expulsions and sanctions. after vladimir putin's surprise comments, all eyes are on moscow for the next move. jane: sarah rainsford reporting there. one woman whhas sat across the table from russia in numerous negotiations is wendy sherman, who served as undersecretary of state in the obama administration and was one of the chief negotiators of the iran nuclear deal. she is out with a new book, "not for the faint of heart," and she joined my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser for their program "beyond 100 days." katty: what more could western countries be doing in light of the skripal attack against
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ssia, that would be politically acceptable? wendy: i certainly think we need to be united and sanctioning russia for this kind of behavior, which has affected europe and the united states as well. but i also think we should be thinking strategioally. you med in the introduction, or your colleague did, that i negotiated with iran. the presidenimis about to se sanctions that will send the price of oil skyhigh, and that start today. the price of oil has gone up. with the dollar being cheap and russian oil companies dealing with in u.s. dollars for oil trade, that puts russia in a stronger economic position, i which is nour national security interest.do 't mean to harm the russian people. i think they have a rit to live decent lives. but we really are not thinking strategically about what we need to do to weaken putin's control ov his country. katty: that is a good lesson in the unintended consequences of foreign pocy. one of the calculations the british government needs to make
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when it assesses how tough to respond to russia is what impact they could have on the cost of housing in london. clearly they are caught inhis rather faustian pact. we do not want to put too much pressure on russia because that would affect house prices. wendy: one of the things i talk whichin the book, katty, you understand incredibly well, is the cost of courage. you have to pay a price, no waii arou my folks took a very firm stand on civil rights which cost them economically in terms of are residentia estate business. everything does come at a price, and quite correctly, -- quite frankly i hope that those in , great britain will think hard about what is important here, and take the longer view than immediate cost of housin christian: if the price of oil goes up, ambassador, that will benefit the iranians as well. given the amount of time you spent negotiing the nuclear deal, give me your thoughts. do you think it is possible to
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keep the jcpoa alive without the united states in it?nd i think it is going to be very, very tough to do. i'm tremendously admiring of europe's efforts to create a facility so that small ander medium entises can invest in iran. the sanctions that will come at the beginning of november areea really toughres that said that if you deal with the central bank of iran, you cannot deal with an american bank. that makes it hard for any that makes it hard for any company although you are right that the price of oil going up helps iran, if the sanctions, which also include an oil embargo by the united states and put pressure on other countries not to deal in oil or face second or -- secondary economic sanctiost by the unitees, will put pressure back on europe in terms of whether it will embargo iranian oil. the last time we did this when we wanted to get them to the negotiating table, they lost asi ificant piece of their economy because of the declineal in oil.
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jane: wendy sherman speaking to my colleague katty kay and christian fraser for their program "beyond 100 days." president trump incited executive order to impose sanctions on countries or individuals responsible for meddling in u.s. elections. it assigns the intelligence community to monitor and report on at times to disrupt infrastructure as well as propaganda. officials say china, north koa, iran, and russia have the capability to create problems in the run-up to november's midterm elections. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, scotlangets its first design museum. we have gone to theecity of dundo have a look at it. police in austrave launched a new forensicth search foremains of a woman who
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vanish over 30 years ago. the center of a true crime podcasas series which topped download charts around the world. its popularity has given the investigation you invictus. -- new impetus. repoh er: incby inch, a new search to solve decades-old mystery, and the case which has en followed by millions people around the world. she disappeared 36 years ago, leaving behind her two young daughters and her husband, a teacher. he has always insisted that she denies anyhem, and wrongdoing. but his affair with a schoolgir has led many to believe he killed his wife. two coroners have called for him to be prosecuted, but he has never been charged. she was report missing by her star.d, a former league reporter: the search of the family home follows the success
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of the "teacher'set a podcast which has scrutinized every step and encouraged more to come forward. orprosec believe they have the makings of a case. >> this is all about getting justice. we need to put our best foot forward and make sure that the evidence is sound. reporter: the dawson family moved from sydney a few after the disappearance, but rumors of what happened here have always remain. th affluent, normally quiet sydni several is nowhe subject of intense scrutiny. police say that even if they don't find a body in that house, they could still bring forward murder charges. thdigging will take at least five days. please say the search -- police say the search will be the most comprehensive, and they know that people across the world are waiting for the results.
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jane: it has been 10 years since the start of the financial crisis which almost crippled the global economy. millions of americans lost their homes, the stockd,arket plummeavings were wiped out. the u.s. economy has recovered since then, but the impact is still being felt. rajini vaidyanhan went to revisit a family the bbc met during the crisis in rhode island to see how they are faring now. rajini: september 2008, and the tos. stock market is sent panic ter the collapse of the investme bank lehman brothers. these images of staff leaving with boxes are aeminder of the day confidence in wall street turned to crisis. main street america was hit hard. across the country, millions lost their homes, and unemployment skyrocketed. in the country's smallest state, rhode island, some of the biggest impact was felt with one in 10 people left out of work.
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what has changed a decade on?of at the heighhe recession, we met a mother of five who lost her business, her home, and her arriage. >> it's not eaa mom to not know if you are going to be able to feed your kids. coming home and hearing them say "i'hungry." rajini: today she has a new job and is renting a home. >> i don't live in fear anymore back throughbounce her hard work, and she is still angry the banks were bailed out by the government while she struggled on her own. >> the government did not step in and say, hey, we see you need help with your mortgage, here is some help. no, it went to the corporations, the banks, to bail them out. but where was the bailout for the people tt were affected? it literally took me up until this year to get out of debt. rajini: for the generation who grew up with the crisis, the economic future looked
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certain. >> i was so sad and angry, and i dian't want to be arounne. rajini: holly's daughter is now 24 and the mother of a five-year-old. >> she is so cute. rajini: with unemployment rates falling, she has found work, but lives with her dad. having her own home remains a distant dream for her and many other millennials. >> trying to make your paycheck stretch. "mommy, i want that lollipop" -- to you because i ve a budget and i have to make this check last as long as i can . i'm sorry, kid, i can't give you that lolh.pop. it is to rajini: it is the worst financial crisis in livi memory. although data shows the economy is strong, decade on, the ripples from the crisis are being felt far and wide. rajini vaidyanathan, bbc news, rhode island. jane: a brief time ago, i spoke
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to diane swonk, chief economist for grant thornton. she joined us from chicago. why is it taking so long for the effects of the economy to be felt particularly by young people? diane: this is an interesting aspect of it. millennials were the hgedest hit ration and people belittle them more than they believe in them.a this ineration that has the overhang of student debt. they did get to be the most d educated aerse generation -- weve ever produced, ve ever produced, which is wonderful, but they do that at a price. they have a lot of student debt, thwhich makes it harder fo to get a home. we have had a loss of supply of homes. one of the ripple efof the meisis, people did not repair and keep up their we have older stock of existing homes, and there is not as many existing hes for people to buy in the entry-level market. when they do, th put a lot of money into upgrading it, because it wasn't worth it to invest in a home that was falling in value. jane: in your diary that you
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kept of when lehman brothers collapsed, you said there was no plan b. is there one now, or could this stilhappen again? diane: we will have some other will it happen in the same way? no, but it will be another crisis. the question is, why did this happen the way it did? one of the issues we always forget to change the way i think about the happening and what we cannot see. what can go wrong? as good as the economy is today in the u.s., i'm worried about what am i missing, what could go wrong. you get complacency when times are good and you miss what is happening the shadows. much of what happened with the subprime crisis is what we call shadow banng. it was in the banks that were not overseen by the federal reserve. the banks bought debt and put it on their balance sheets and were exposed to it, but the did not issue the debt. we have these tentacles in the system thawe didn't see. but we want to do now is pick up the rock and look underneath it in the garden and see what is underneath, because that is
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where the bugs and the problems are. that is one of the things we didn't do back then and we have to be vigilant about doing today. jane: but if we do spot the ctoblems before they start, what can governmentslly do, individual governments, given the interconnected nature of the global economy? diane: this is the really hard part, because what we really need to do is share information, e idea was to coordinate financial regulation. there has been some of that, not a lot of it, so that we don't arbitrage. things are going on ' london we d't know that harmed us here. us here.s angry about there was a lot of these connectionshat were global in scope, and the rate at which it spread around the globe underscore that. we are undermining our institutions globally right now in terms of where the united states stands, and frankly, the rise of populism around the world is making countries moreal natitic, but our financial system is still interconnected. moving in that direction could mean we are losing lots ofwe informatioeeded to share.
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one of the things we need to do is be really vigilant about not just what the data shows us, but where don't we have the data, or where are the pockets in the shadows. tthat is what the fed nee do, that is what every central-bank needs to do, that is what governments need to think out as well. jane: thank you very much indeed for joining me. diane: thankou. jane: scotland igetting its first museum dedicated to design. the city ofre dundee y has a rich history of creativity, and now it is featured in what has been hailed as the jewel in the crown of a massive transformation of the city waterfront. will gompertz went to have a look. agll: the concrete-clad form is reminiscent of ad overhang or the prow of a ship about to sail. it is a striking new addition to the waterfront, a low-rise inverted pyramid.
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it is the first building in the u.k. by this respected japanese architect. >> i got the inspiration from a cliff from scotland. that cliff is a kind of conversation between water and land. the far side is a little bit twisted. it integrates nature and city. will: the tone changes when you enter. the cold exterior gives way to a warm, woodpaneled atrium. you access the two main galleries on the first floor. will present temporary one exhibitions, the oth s the history ttish design. >> we are in the heart of the museum. the part that looks at scotland's amazing design creativity. it brings design to be ominspirational the peopleg in here, whether they are locally from dundee or more widely from scotland or visitors
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around the world. will: this is one of the museum's star exhits. it is an art nouveau masterpiece rt which s life in 1907 in glasgow before being salvaged prior to hotel redevelopment in the 1970's, and then lovinglyhe refurband restored here for people to enjoy for the first time in 50 years. the galleries lk terrific, but what effect will the museum have on dundee itsf? >> it mea jobs, it means an increase profile across the country, but more than anything, e a sense of pride for peoo live and work here. we have the affluent parts of the city. of course there are parts with economic deprivation. we have children in poverty and we do have a drug problem. how is the museum going help that? it encourages people to see that culture is not just for affluent people. ecult is for everybody. will: the museum is expected to attract half a million visstors in the fear.
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it helps like the guggenheim to become a cultural catalyst for change. bcwill gompertz,ews, dundee. jane: looks stunning. i'm jane o'brien. thanks f news america." world >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest adlines you can trust. downad now from selected ap stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrows rts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal newe possibilit
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach tou oanking around- your plans, your, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, we are on the ground as the carolinas bracfor hurricane florence. then, we take to the sky-- miles o'brien flies with scis into the eye of the storm to better understand destructive hurricanes. >> with this aircraft, being able to fly right through the storm, getting into the storm environment, actually sampling the atmosphere, not just looking at it from afar, you cua't get that qty of data anywhere else. >> woodruff: and campaigning on kavanaugh: abortion politics and the supreme court nomination become central issues in the race for an important u.s. senate seat in missouri. >> everybody goes, "oh she's to figure out what the winner is for her politically." there is none. no matter what i do, there are
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