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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 1, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> this fall, it's a season of revelations. ca's the choice of ame favorite novel. >> the books we want people to take a look at. we are hoping to get people to fall in love with novels again. >> to the fate of a hero's love.
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>>il i'm sthere. >> from the secret lives of the most amang cast to new scoveries about the first peoples of the americas. >>o our history goes backe beginning of time. >> all this and more, this season. announcer: and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america," from washington. i'm jane o'brie president trump continues to crack down on immigration laws ahead the midterms and places the blame squarely on democrats. >> these carans and illegal migrants are drawn to our country by democrat backed laws and left-wing judicial rulings. jane: google employees around the world walk out in prott over the techs giant'handling of sexual harassment. and it took nearly 50 years, but the final film from orson wellet is abo to be released.
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well "the other side of the wind" win oveaudiences? ♪ jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. prident trump is leaving no question about the t gic on his ming into the midterm elections. for another day, he has taken a tough stand on immigration, saying those who try to enter the united states illegallwill be immediately turned back with force, if needed. he then accused the democrats of encouraging the cara currently moving through mexico from central america. our north american editor has. the late f reporter: itls as though america is going into a war opoting. thousands of tromobilized. destination, the southern border. the enemy -- meil women, and
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en winding their way through central america. -- mexico. 15,000 soldiers are being deployed to stop immigrants on foot from entering the united states, illegally, says the president. with five days to go until a crucial election, this has taken on a deeply political hue. moment, large, well organized caravans of migrants are marching towards our southern border. some people call it an invasion. it's like an invasion. they alently overrun the mexican border. you saw that two days ago. these are tough people, in many cases. man, of young men, strong a lot often that maybe we don' want in our country. we will find that out through the legal process. reporter: there have been allegations from the president and his surrogates that this straggling caravan of people from central america have members of the islamic state among them, that they are violent criminals, that they are
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carrying diseases which will infect other americans. no evidence of any of these things has been provided, but the overriding narrative -- be very afraid, this is an invasion. donald trump has put out this video, which his opponents say is racist, with the plication that all immigrants, like the central character in this ad, are criminals. ♪ [screaming] reporter: the ad has brought a chorus of criticism, much of it atom prominent republicans. but fear of immigrn among many americans is reald the president is tapping into that. >> democrats want open borders and they want to invite caravan after ravan into the country , which brings crime upon trying
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-- crime. reporter: donald trump spending next to no time at the white house at the moment. he is on the road attending rallieevery day between now and the midterms. he's got a positive message to mong on the economy, but his supporters, it is nothing as effective as his message o immigration. it is a simple calculation. fear is a more potent weaponop than bbc news, washington. brief time ago, i spoke with our north american reporter. what do you make of the tone? it sounded more like a stump speech. reporter: that is what some people have said in the wake of seeing that address. a lot of people were touting this as perhaps a big policy announcement from the president, but there was no meat and bones, just a lot othe same thing at campaign rallies. as said in thateport, a lot of fear mongering. some of the language used as well was quite striking, talking of invasions, migrantsng across the border.
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but that is the sort of thing we heard during the 2016 ca at rally after rally. deed at his 2016 convention speech, which painted a bleak picture, he knows it works with his base. that's why he's doing it. jane: it works with his base, but is there a danger it could drive away more moderate voters and independent voters? reporter: there is a possibility, but this like immigration do play well. perhaps his language doesn't a ngay well wiuburban mom, perhaps his wavebout whether or not to stick with ispublicans this elections, but what does play welhe issue of immigration. perhaps the way he packages it might not, but if it's getting out there, he has won, because he wants to shift to the agenda to things like immigration. democrats want to talk about health care and how he hasn't managed to reforthat. at the moment, it is a battle of policy ideas and visions. at the moment, he is doing his best to make sure we are firmly focused on immigration. jane: and yet, he could talk about the economand a more positive vision. why doesn't he do that?
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reporter: the economy is something that does do well with 't somethingt it isn that necessarily puts the republicans in a separate thing. a lot of democrats will say that he inherited the economicpe ormance and growth from your predecessor. also, it does go back to fear. if the economy is doing well, the year goes back to there, but a lot of people at the moment, there's a lot of fear and unknowns about immigration, who is coming across the border. that tough man language, a lot of the voters sa's why we feel safe, we want someone like him. we know that national security is something that does really matter when ti comes to els. jane: but these caravans are still some two months away. he did mention help from mexico. how is that likely to play with voters? are they going to believe that is a winning strategy as well? reporter: possibly. the other thing he talked about worth mentioning is setting up tent cities as well.
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someone asked a question as well aif you don't do cat , release anymore, he said he will just do catch. but what happens with the children? he kind of fudged the answer. there are people, republicans as well, who are concerned about his policy of separating families, which wasia controveearlier this year. we have to measure how we go about this, but what donald trump does well is obfuscate and talk about a broad picture rather than getting into the detail, d that is what we saw today. bigger picture but very little substance. jane: thank you. among the states president trump ll visit in the final da is tennessee. chris buckler has been on a midterm road trip all week and a brief timego, we spoke to m in memphis. how is immigration playing out there? ect that: it is a su people are talking about. it is playing to his republican base, and therefore to some
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, extent, president trump is getting through to those voters that really back him. there e some asking the question, are those already the converted? juis he potentiall speaking to those who have already been listening? y actually, there is a vght senate race here in tennessee, and the republicans have been pulling away from the democrats. that does indicate that by dominating this news agenda, by setting the agenda with these words, president trump is having something of an impact. that's not to say in other places it worked, but there are republicans who are concerned about his hardline language. they feel potentially he is going to far in some of what he says, but democrats hasay from here, at the moment, are a little nervous. you get the impression both sides are uncertain. jane: you have been all over the country finding out what people think. what are they telling you about the issues that matter, apar om immigration? is it health care, the economy? what is it? reporter: health care is a concern, although interestingly,
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i heard concerns about health care from both sides, both fepublicans and democrats accusing the other jeopardizing health care. the economy is a huge thing and you can't get away from it. ultimately, whatever donald trump says, the focus on jobs, the focus on the fact that the economy is doing well, is imprsing a lot of people. potentially, that goes beyond just the republican base, and potentially to swaying voters in the middle. some in the republican party and some supporters wish he would stick to that message, because it is a positi one. the danger for them is that the democrats who might be swayed potentially to going to the republicans would just listen to his language and say there's no way they will do that. you get a sense at this stage that parties are doing allhey can to grab swaying voters. very tight senate race here in tennessee.
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on is believed something in the order of $70 milas been spent on this one campaign alone. it gives you an idea the parties try tong all out to ensure that they have a chance d taking the house of representatives tentially the senate. jane: chris buckler from tennessee, thank you. tennessee, thank you. from singapore to calis rnia, employ tech giant google walked out of their offices today in protest of their record on sexual harassment. they are especially angered by reports that o high-profile executive received a $90 million payout, despite what google considered a cdible allegation of sexual misconduct. google's ceo supports the walkouts and says he understands the anger. the bbc's sophie long reports. >> i am fed up! rtre: a clear message from google workers in new york. it is time to change the way the company deals with sexual rassment. j >>t felt it was something good to do and support women,
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-- just to show solidarity. e only way things happen. reporter: at 11:10 local time, colleagues around the world walked away from their workstations. in zurich, they downed devices in dublin, stopped swiping screens in tokyo and sin lpore. and indon, like google employees elsewhere, they left this message at their desks and went to protest. anger has been growing amongst the techia's 94,000 staff hesince ew york times" revealed andy rubin, the man known as the creator of the androi the company with a $90 million payout despite facing an allegation of sexual misconduct , which he denies. google's chief executive has apologized.ol he has temployees he is listening, so he can turn theirt ideas inton.
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in an all staff email, he said "i understand the anger and disappointmentany of you feel. i feel it as well. i am fully committed t making progress on an issue td t has persisr too long in society, and yes here at google, , too." >> i don't know that we will see a change of culture. right now we have a ceo who says he wants to see change and encouraged the walkout, but at the same time, i think he to we have to pay attention to whether these demands are met or responded to, and also whether or not the employees themselves believe things have changed. reporter: so far, it seemshey don' many who walked out of work today feel the company, famous for its collaborative culture and employee perks, is not meeting basic standards of respect, justice, and fairness. and thatey say -- >> time is up! time is up! reporter: -- has to change hurts . sophie long bbc news.
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,jane: a look now at some of the day's other news. prosecutors have filed criminal charges against a malaysian financer and goldman sachs executives and a big scandal. the department of justice alleges the men participated in a scheme that's all billions from malaysia's development fund, 1mdb. the man accused of killing1 jewish worshipers at a pittsburgh synagogue has pleaded not guilty. robert bowerses f4 counts including hate crimes and firearms offenses. more funerals are being held today. united nations officials in yemen are warning that nearly 2 million children under the age of five face acute knowledge regime of the continuing civil war. the children's agency unicef says it is critical that efforts to end the conflict are successful. earlier this week, the u.s. called for a cease-fire within 30 days. indonesian navy divers say they
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retrieved a black box reporter -- recorder from the lion air plan that crashed into the sea on monday. it is aboard a ship heading for jakarta. the boeing crashed shortly after 737 takeoff from the indonesian capital with 189 people on board. there were no survivor rebecca henke reports from jakarta. reporter: divers bring to the service the flight recorder in good condition, retrieved from the bottom of the sea. it will reveal the plane's final movements before it crashed into the java sea, minutes after takeoff. divers searching for a secondh blackbox, whiculd have onco another kepiinece ofwh iy nforin new plane crashed in daylight and in good weather. boeing, working with the indonean government on the investigation.
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>> once again, in retrieving this blackbox, we will be able to discover the mystery as to why the plane ashed. reporter: the findings of that investigation are likely to be known for some time, but what we do know is that the pilo s requested to return to base shortly after takeoff. in a technical log obtained by the bbc, it shows there were problems with the plane on a evious flight. lion air insisting does -- those technical issues were solved before a full safety clearance was given for it to fly again. t but orders of the indonesian government, this technical director was fired. none of the more than 180 people on board survived when the plane crashed into the s, and only this family has been able to hold a funeral. laid to rest, a 24-year-old
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female chemical engineering graduate who worked for the energy ministry. the first victim to be identified. other families have come down to the port to see what has been recovered from the wreckage. this man, finding his child's shoes. these personal possessions, bags, clothes, children's itans shoes, laid out here, asy ol of the enormous loss so many families are now having to deal with. bbc news, jakarta. jane: you are watneing "bbc worl america." still to come, tracking whales from space. we will show you the technology used to keep count of some species. ♪ a global study has warned
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the amountf heat absorbed by the oceans over the past 25 years has been seriously underestimated. the revelation means it could at harder to colobal warming. matt mcgrath reports. reporter: for decades, the oce' have been the world' most important border against global warming,90 soaking up of the excess heat trapped in the atmosphere by greenhouse gases. but accurately measuring how much heat has actually gone into themp seas is a huge and x task. no using an indirect method, researchers say 60% more warming has gone into the oceans than previously estimated. scientists say this is bad news for the planet, as it means the earth is producing more carbon emissions. if that's the case, we will likely see more extreme weatherm events and rapting of ice caps. the extra heat will also have implications for marinlife. >> this can severely impact ecosystems such as barrier reefs
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, for example, the iconic australian barrier reef is sensitive to temperature change. it can also drive a certification of the ocean n which ally impact food security. reporter: the udy underlines how difficult it will be to keep global temperatures below the targets agreed and the paris climate agreement. they say to have a chance of meeting goals, emissions from human activities would havexto be cut by re 25%. o reduce global warming 1.5 degrees, it means emissions will have to be reversed an decreased by almost 60% in 2030 and reach zero level in 2050. reporter: global warming isreporter: already driving up the levels all over the world, threatening colyunities in log islands. if this new study is correct, the long-term implications for everyone on the planet are significant. matt mcgrath, bbc news.
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jane: counting animals can often prove a challenge, but now scientists in the u.k. are -- whalesck of wales from space. researchers are using the highest resolution satellite pictures available which fecaptured the shapes of dnt species. jonathan amos has more on the new technique. reporter: big, beautiful, but a little sketchy on the numbers. whalesre recovering from commercial hunting, although how well is open to question. the problem is their range. whales will cover vast tracts of the globe. what is needed is a rapid way to survey the oceans, to zoom in their breeding and feeding grounds. the answer is the sharpest views from space ever released. >> this blue piece of paper here is a satellite image of baja, california on the west coast of california.
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-- mexico. if you look closely, each one of these white specks is actually a whale seeing near the surface. we can use these higher resolution images to actually count the number of wells in a -- whales in a particular area. repoer: talking of the numbe is one thing. scientists also need to know the type. nales have previously bee cound from boats and planes, but these are small scale surveys. now scientists are using the latest sat the whole earth.over the key is improved resolution. they can see anything larger from 30 centimeters across. this means features like fins tales -- tails can to be observed, and the animals identified. it should meet a more reliable estimate of the status of endangered wreatures. the pushed to the edge of extinction by commercial whaling. s socies still number in the low thousands, but they are recovering, and scientists are keen to learn everything they can about progs ss. >> whae really important indicators of ecosystem health.
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gathering information like this at such a broad scale ofy, satellite image can understand something about the ocean's health and that is useful. reporter: the task of counting y ales from space will onlt easier as more and more sateites are launched. soon, we will have a sharp picture of every corner of the globe updated every day. jonathan amos, bbc news. jane: we know films can take a long time to make, but what about 48 years? that's when "the other side of the wind" first went into production. this friday, it is due for release. adding to the anticipation is it is the final film from orsones weone of the great masters of 20th century ci 1ma, who died 5. until now, the movie was left in limbo. but as tom brooks reports, it is ready for a much-anticipated debut. ♪
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reporter: orson welles's 1941 classic "citizen kane" is routinely voted the top film of all time by critics. now the component parts of another fi of his, locked in a paris vault r decades, has been put together by a team of committed disciples. side ofalled "the othe the wind." top hollywoodr probrent marshall played a role in bringing the picture together. >> i am very proud of the factat e have finished the film and people are able to see it now. it's a little bittersweet,i' becau'm not sure what i'm going to do the next 40 years, but i'm glad to have it finished y porter: other side of the wind is the stor an older director played by john houston, who returns from years in exile to hollywood to engineerac career comeb through a film within a film, the new hollywood of the 1970's peter bogdanovh was one of the
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actors in the film. >> most of the dialogue was given to me on a piece of paper the day of. orson would change the dialogue and sometimes at the last minute.di reporter: but d the film get so delayed? different parties, including ter, hislles' dau companion, and a french arabian -- french irani and production company were vying for conreol. it took ous efforts from a producer to bring the disputing parties together.>> hose parties did not have relationships. they were mostly strained and estranged. it was figuring out the process by which to approach them one by one, making sure they agreed to up the process by which the film o uld be done. >> i just want tow what he represents. reporter: now, the final film is
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completed, and critics have, for the most part, been impressed, calling it kinetic and groundbreaking, although a detector did label it as bei emotionally vacant. orson welles was a towering figure of 20th century cinema, defined by h body of work. what impact will this new film have on the way he is perceived? >> it is a new side of him. it is kind of revolutionary, ahead of its time side. wsit shat even at the end of his career, he was still working and creating cinematic art. i do think people are going toe son welles as somebody who is still relevant, even in the year 2018. reporter: netflix is set to bring this new orson welles filr to completioeflecting the atent to which the streaming giant has become cultural force in america, a platform that can help save tthics of -- epics of masters like orson lles from extinction. to barrack -- brooks bbc news,
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, new york. jane: critics can be so mean. emotionally vacant, indeed. all the days news on our website, but for now i am , jane o' thank you for watching "bbc world news america." ♪ >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, sou yocan swipe your way throughne the ws of the day and stay w up-to-ith the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. ♪ >> funding of this presentation ti made possible by the freeman foun, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ♪ >> possibilities. your day is ll of them.
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and pbs helps everyone discover theirs. anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. announcer: "bbc world news" wase presenby kcet, los angeles. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight,he right to vote-- in the final days before the election, we explore allegations of efforts to keep minority voters away from the polls. then, thousands of google employees walk o of work to protest the company's handling of sexual misconduct claim plus, how best to serve an aging population? the state of maine will vote on a sweeping plan to provide universal home care. >> six in 10 people in maine right now are or have been family caregivers. they are people who every day face this responsibili m of how do iy bills, how do i go to work, and how do i care for an aging loved one.
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>> woodruff: all that and more


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