tv BBC World News America PBS November 2, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from w hington, i'm rajini vaidyanathan. a race to the finish lin in the midterm elections. with just four days to go, the trtop guns are out in forcying to get voters to the polls. sanctions are coming declares president trump, putting iran on warning that the agreement made in the nuclear deal are dead. he may be the smartest man on -- fastest man on thelanet, but usaint' 's dreams of ngbecomi professional footballer has hit a serious speedbump. ♪
rajini: welcome to our p viewers lic television in america and around the globe. there are just four days to gom until the midtections and the campaign schedule has gone ato overdrive. both president tru his predecessor barack obama were y t rallying supporters to the hope they can increase turnouon tuesday. one of the states being visited most often and being watched wherelosely is missouri incumbent democrat ll and republican josh hawley are locked in a bitter contest. reporter: democrat claire mccaskill needs all the help she can get. donald trump secured an easy victory in missouri. although no one wants to name him, he is still defining the agenda. >> the very character of ourth country is on ballot this time out.
>> we have some doors to knock. we've got some phone calls to make. reporter: fightinin trump country, mccaskill defines herself as a moderat a liberal. that may not be enough to save her. >> we have to get outside our comfort zone. we have to talk to people we have never tked to before. reporter: which is why this first-time democratic candidate is putting in the hours to get out the vote. >> hi, there. i'm patrice, your democratic candidate for missouri. reporter: this voter says she is backing claire mccaskill but patrice agrees the senator is t taking anything for granted. >> no, she is not, nor should she. she is at this moment in time not a slamdunk for reelection. reporter: she has found it matters here to be a candidate conservatives can warm to. >> i'm a gun owner. men love to talk about guns and weapons. i do too.
and, they like to talk about circumances that i have been involved in as a police officer, and i do too. reporter: there has been a surge of new voters registering in this count but they don't have to say for which party. conversing customers at this vintage car dealer, i have found many are still driven by enthusiasm for mr. trump. you were nodding that you s ink energy for conservatives? >> i think so. i think the kavanaugh confirmation had a lot to do with that. the way they just kind of drug him through the swamp, try to. g little h the guy with try qualify. >> i agree with trump on some things, on some things i don't. he can stay off the tweeter a liele bit, but you know how feels about the subject. reporter: mccaskill or hawley? >> i have to go with hawley. reporter: local republican
activists arnot alone in trying to boost josh hawley's chances. >> it is an incredible honor to ump inresident donald missouri. it's amazing. reporter: the president will be back on monday, making this s last stop until election day. confident that he has the powers to help republicans harvest those final vital votes.in rajini: she jos us from st. a uis a short while ago. donald trump helmpaign rally in missouri last night. he's also going back on the eve of the midterms. how much will his personal presence make a diff to this race? philippa: the republicans are hoping donald trump will make all the difference or tip the balance because the poll tare showing ms of this missouri senate seat, josh hawley, the challenger is pretty much neck and neck with claire ncaskill at the last big poll
carried out by fs. claire mccaskill said at the rally i was at fox news says they were neck and neck and she sounded like it was positive news. this seat could turn, it could go to the republics. rajini: what issues do you think could swing it either way for this election? phillipa: really teresting. from the republican point of view, it's increasingly about nationalawolitics. joshy, the candidate, is totally with donald trump and has been talking about the dangers of immigration. he has beetalking about the beauty of the tax cut. the state of the economy. in a sense, he talks much about national politics and achievements. if you are listening to the democratic side, they are saying, one, the big issue is affordable health care. they are saying josh hawley is a threat to affordable health care and access to that. they are also talking local and saying we care about things lik the rightsion workers,
rural post offices. claire mccaskill, thre saying, she has herself by proven herself by holding town halls across the state and making sure things get done in a loca, level. in a w is a difference of scale. it is the focus they are bringing thothis. rajinikey is this seat for the democrats? how key is it for them to hang onto it? philippa:t is absolutely crucial. the senate is currently 51-49, republicans to democrats. democrats hoping to take over. if they cannot hold onto one of their own,ne of the 49 seats then they really are in trouble. you see that for example in north dakota.ee you alsot here in missouri.ve no democrat i et has said to me we've got it, it is in the bag. they are saying we need to keep on knocking on doors and get our pele energized. rajini: clearly one to watch. philippa thomas, tha you.
for more on the other races that can define election night i spoka brief time ago with josh, the politics editor at the national journals josh, let'art with florida. i will be covering results from florida next week. two biges r the senate race -- you have bill nelson against republican vernor rick scott. then, the race for governor is fascinating as well' les start with the senate. josh: huge race. florida is always the swing state in american politics. one of the challenges for republicans, namely governor rick scott running for the senate is how does he play president trump? ores he invite him on stag keep distance? for most of the campaign, he was keeping some dintance but he vited him to the presidential rally this week because he needs to get republicans to show up. that sugsts he is running a little behind. he needs that base even if it risks losing some of those moderate, suburban voters moving in the democrat' direction. rajini: let's move to the governor race.
the mayor of tallahassee andrew gillumoong like he could deliver a victory for the democratic party. josh: he would be the first african-american governor of florida. t he is leading polls throughout. this has been a very divisive race. racial lines in the race have been prominent. it is one that democrats feel they have the lead in. rajini: let's move west to the state of arizona. a key race, where immigration has been a really heated debate. josh: this is a senate race republican, and sinema, the democrat. she does not want to run on immigration. she wants to run on health care. on immigration, she wants a conservativeote because there are a lot of swing voters that really care about bder security. mcsally is running a very nationalized campaign like you saw in missouri. the problem is arizona' much more competitive than missouri. it is much more suburban. democrats feel like they have gotten some momentum. as president trump has seen his
job approvale tick down a cou of points in the wake of his controversies and his response to them -- it's been good news mor the democrats. rajini: let' to the state of indiana. polls for that senate race looking close between the republicans and democratss. josh: indiana is a state a lot like missouri. it used to be pretty competitive s'd moving to the republi' direction. polls are close, but joe donnelly voted against judge kavanah and his numbers are taking a tumble. if donnelly loiss his seat, it ecause the republican mike braun was able to make this ra about values and thes iss the kavanaugh confrontation brought up and not the economic issues of the state. rajini: let's move tinthe race eorgia. a lot of hollywood interest. stacy abraham is the democratic candidate. oprah was in town. cejosh: vice president pas in town. this is the biggest race in the country, the governor's race. a statewide contest. the thinabout this race -- there is a third candidate on
the ballot. this is a contest that is very polarized. a very neck and neck contest. voting rights has been a very big theme. it looks like neither ndidate may get 50% with a third-party candidate taking votes. that means we could go to a december election with the prident of united states wanting to weigh in on georgia. rajini: so many interesting races yo watch. thanfor joining us. now that we have looked at the t races, wout the themes prevailing in this election? for more on that, john dickerson, coanchor of cbs this morning, joined us earlier. it is great to have you with us. these elections are the first big test of the trum presidency. what is at stake? josh: well, it is a pleasure to be with you. what is at stake is basically what are the next two years of the trump presidency going to look like? this is the first time we get a real response from the voters who are really the only ones who matter. we have had two years of poll
results and nditry and now we get actual results from voters. will the house brecontrolled by blicans or democrats? if the republicans hold it, thunders on the trump presidency. if democrats control it, the will be a lot of investigations and you can imagine washington coming to a complete halt. cthow will the president ro that? he tends to react to doublehi force to ts that threaten him.at that could crea much more even improvisational presidency than we have seen or a focus overseas from a president that cannot get done anything at home because he is being thwarted by the other party. you see a nuer of different things this could careen and we'll be sifting through the results on tuesday night waiting to see which way it goes. rajini: which issues do you think will help determine which way these elections go? john: well, we only have a preliminary indication at the moment because in the end, if the results turn a certa you could say it is because this
issue or that issue mattered. the two most important are the president's singular focus oe sue of immigration -- i should not say singular, but thi overwh thrust of both his remarks and the energy of what he is saying. itthe washington post pue is hitting every button on the dashboard of the presidency. he is talking about ending birthright citizenship througher an executive ohich is not possible, but something he is talking about. he is seing troops to the border to protect against the caravan that is 800 miles away. all of which is to take the office of the presidency and align it towards an issue set he wants to talk about. will that turn out the kinds of voters in his party that he thinks, or will it not work? democrats have been focusing on the issue of health care. we will see if they turn out their voters, ving talked about that issue. has the president goosed one portion of his constituency that might turn out in a state like montana which is having a senate
race? en, does it turn out in a number of the house races which are in districts where the issue of immigration and the way the president talks about it might turn off some of the voters heg is try appeal to rather than bring them to the polls. rajini: john dickerson, thank you very much. make sure you join us on tuesday as the ballots come in for our special coverage. fraseray and ristian will be heading the bbc results program. i will be joining them from florida. let's take a look at some of the date's other news. a top turkish official believes jamal khashoggi's body was dissolved in acid upter being cu it comes after reports the saudi crown prince told the united states he considers the journalist to be a dangerous islamisting a phone call that the white house. mr. khashoggi was murdered exactly what one month ago, but his body has still not been found. an australian man being sentenced to 10 years for
encouraging his fe's suicide. his wife was not terminally ill and the judge ruled he wasva mod by her life insurance benefits. north and south korea pressing ahead with a joint bid tidcohost the li games in 20s - olympic ga 2032. they intend to field unified teams at the tokyo games in 2020. the actor alec baldwin has been arrested in new york for ovreportedly punching a ma a parking space. police say the "30 rock" sinr was taken custody in the incident which took place in the st village. baldwin has been in the spotlight lately f his impersonations of president trump on "saturday night live." police in china say therir of the bus that plunged into a river, killing at least 13 , peopd been fighting with a passenger at the time. the bus smashed through a guard rail and fell 50 meters intohe river, as stephen mcdonald
reports. stephen: a passenger fighting with the driver in souwest china led to a tragic accident t with all onboaught to be killed. she became angry when he would not stop and started attacking him, hitting the driver in the head with a phone. the bus swerved, struck an oncoming car, burst through a guard rail and plunged into the river.op there were 15 on the bus, including the driver. 13 bodies have been recovered, but there are not expected to be any survivors. the powerful curres and poor visibility have hampered efforts by diving teams to find the last patwengers. police investigating the incident from last sunday, released video footage from the black box recorder. it has shocked people in chinae who ed to seeing outbursts in public, not accustomed to them leading to such asu terribe .
stephen mcdonald, bbc news. rajini: you are watching bbc world news america. still to come tonight, sometimes you have to let the spirit move you. at is how one congressma describing his campaign mood. ♪ rajini: for many years, japan has kept tight control on the number of foreigners allowed to wo birthrate combined with an aging population has created a labor shortage and the prime minister says it is time for a change. medias in the japanese suggest as many as half a million unskilled workers could be allowed to come. currently, foregin workers only ign workersfore only make up 1.2 millionf japan's workforce. rupert: i think this is a committee can -- a significant
change for japan which had in the past been very resistant to the idea of greater immigration, greater influx of foreign labor. it is also an admission of the reality that japan does not have engh people to do the jobs that need to be done. that is because ofong-term demographic change. since the 1970's, japan's birth rate has been wellelow replacement. pers now around 1.4 oman. it also has the oldest population in the world. japan's life expectancy is about 85.5 years. that means you have a lot of o ople and not enough young people to do the jobs.is ther labor shortage inf many arease japanese economy from agriculture to construction to the hospitality industry to looking after all of those elderly people. something needs to be done to bring more people in. up to now, japan ha relied on a trainee system that has allowed foreigners to work part-time as trainees.
that has been widely abused by unscrupulous employers. meing needs to be done to further regulate that and protect workers and increased numbers. leif thislation gets through, which it looks like it jwill, it meaan will open the doors to perhaps initially half a million foreign workers. ♪ rajini: in a tweet that looks straight out of "game of thrones," president trump put iran on noti that sanctions are coming on november 5hi it follows a house decision to pull out of the nuclear deal negotiated in 2015. most of the other signatories to the agreement have worked to preser it but since his days as a candidate, mr. trump has made it one of his key targets. for more, i'm joined by our statear dent correspondent,
barbara. how sweeping are these sanctions? barbara: they are sweeping. it is all the big stuff. ecit is the corers of iran'economy -- banking, energy. maximum pressure is what the americans call it. they want to force the iranians totrike a new deal. 700 individuals on the blacklist. particularly the oil sector targeted because thatevs 80% of theues. the americans do not have much economic ties with iran. th have the economic muscle to force iran's customers, other countries to stop doing business. they haven't threatening to cut them out of the u.s. financial system if they do, which has rajini: what other countries are the customers that get o from iran? rbara: china and india are the two biggest customers of iranian oil. the are others as well. the u.s. has decided to exemp other countries to allow iranian
oil at reduced levels. they have to worry about the dynamics of the trying to bring it down as low as they can. they have not named the countries but we expect it will include india, turkey and japan. rajini: this nuclear deal was not just a deal done between the u.s. and iran. there were other european countries that were part of it. where does this leave them? barbara: in a difficult place. the europeans have been forceful about keeping this move. they are trying to create a financial mechanism that will allow countries to get around the sanctions. the americans say it is not significant. e russians say they will continue with trade, although it lear how that will go. you have the chinese, they customers, not clear what they will do,ha but the the ability to continue trade in a currency other than the dollar. none ofer these will be efficient. it will still provide cracks in the unity which iran could
exploit. rajini: might be ccerns, but we covered the 2016 campaigrand rally af rally, donald trump said he was going to scrap the iran nuclear deal. it is a job done as far as he is concerned. how will this play with his voters? barbara: he will probably be able to use it at some extent. promise made, promise kept. he likes to lookop with his adversaries. he likes theater. the state department has been quite theatrical as well. they have this countdown to sanctions on their websi. i asked one of the officials if it is really necessary because the iranian people will suffer. it is like you are rubbing their noses in it.e he said anian people know who to blame. rajini: how will the iranian people suffer? barbara: theconomy is already in a bad state. money is worth less. small businesses are having trouble getting raw materials and hard currency.
difficulty getting medicine, though there is humanita efforts that are still difficult. it will get a lot worse. rajini: thank you very much. m have been the fastest man on the planet but usain bolt's dreams of becoming a professional football player as a serious hurdle. -- olympics bring champion usrinting champion was on contract with analian club but contract efforts have failed . reporter: this is probably the end of usain bolt's football fairytale in australia. it appears to be money, not ability that forced the olympic champion to leave the l coast mariners. ne club offered the jamai legend a contract that was well bew his reported wage dema of more than 1.5 million pounds. third-party sponsorship could not be foundnd the mariners who finished bottom of australia's "a" ague last season have thanked bolt for his dedication. >> it was great to see usain grow so much with us.
we said before he came that we know he was going to be a fast rlear and he showed that. the goals he scored will go down in history and he has that to take around the world and leave as a real credit for his football ability. reporter: his ability has been under intense scrutiny. the former republic of ireland striker andy kio said the former h sprinter's first towas like a trampoline and would never make it as a footballer. his box office appeal is beyond doubt. a crowd of almost 10,000 people turned out to watch bolt in a preseason friendly for the mariners. in october, he turned down a two-year deal. rajini: i probably should not say this but the back usain bolt is not perfect at football is a reminder is he is not the
superhuman we think he is. sthe is just like the f us. one last fisa video we have to show you and this is my favorite video of the day. during these midterm elections, there has not been a lot to dance with, but yesterday georgia congressman john lewis showed us he has got the moves. ♪ rajini: just look at that. the civil rights icon was attending a rally for the state's governor's race when it turned into a dance party. look at him go. he is 78 years old. n the congressmacouraged people to vote like they have never voted before. he is certainly proving that campaigning in these midterm elections can still be a bit of fun. f you can find more on alle day's news on our website and
all the coverage leading up to tuesday's midterm elections. have a lovely weekend thanks for watching "world news america." ♪ >> with the bbc news app, ou vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day ted stay up-to-ith the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation,d vler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ♪do >> what are yog? >> possibilities. your day is filled with em. isand pbs helps everyone dver
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: just four days until the elections. new job numbers signal a strong economy, as voters head to the polls. it's friday. mark shields and david brooks examine how both parties are tryi to bolster their bases. plus, cheese, beer and kambucha. jeffrey brown visits a festival in wisconsin aimed to bridge the rural/urban divide, and celebrate all things fermented. >> the idea of fmentation as a metaphor-- i mean, that it's controlled rot. things break down, inevitably, but in the right circumstances they then turn into delicious products. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.