tv BBC World News America PBS November 5, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PST
[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i amv laura yan. campaigning down to the wire. election day is hours away and o liticians are out in force making sure people the polls. pres. trump: the republican agenda is the american dream, and that is what we are doing. mr. obama: the character of this country is on the ballot. who we are is on the ballot. laura: among the top issues on voters' minds is access to health care. hwe are in arizona to see the battle is playing out. president trump promised the sanctions were coming on iran, and now they are here. we will have the latest on the impact.
laura: welcome to our viewers on public telision here in the u.s. and around the globe. it is the eve of the midterm elections, and races across our nati are in the spotlight. democrats and republicans are spending money furiously in the final hours trying to win over undecided voters. donald trump is campaigning at a frenic pace with three big rallies in ohio, indiana, and ending tonight in missouri. barack obama has also been hitting the campaign trail hard, speaking today at a rally in virginia and taking aim at president trump. there are many issues in the election which could shape the igration, economy, i and health care among them. james cook has been to arizona to ask voters if they haveac ss to affordable healthcare. e arizona has not sent a democrat to the u.s. senate for 30 years.
but the party hopes the drought here will end tomorrow. do you now know a lot more about health-care policy thahad to begin with? >> yeah, and it is pretty much self-taught. james:jeff renounced the republican party when he got throat cancer. >> i was an extremely right-wing conservative republican/libertarian. james: what changed was obthacare, which extended he care to 20 million more americans. e diedays he would h without it because no insurance company was prepared to pay for his treatment. theywhen some poor and are diagnosed with cancer without health insurance, they'll die. i mean, the people that were swindled by junk health insurance plans, you don't hear them talking about theirse experience bechey are dead.
>> it is not just the economy. think about it. look at foreign policy. james: in some cities, republicans are campaigning on other issues. the speakers here did not mention the botched attempt to repeal obamacare. even the president's son was ignoring the question. what is your message on health care? she is not a fanob of acare. she said it was expensive and could not see the doctor she wanted and she wasn't covered when she moved.ho much has it cost you, being hit by the car? >> oh, i am probably into the $300,000 right now. james: how much? >> $300,000. james: $300,000? >> and all i did was go tok walmart to p a prescription. james: what is your view of obamacare? >> i hope they repeal all of it. it is horrible. >> they are caing this a potential swing state. james: this expert says theaw
has led to higher health insurance emiums. when it has risen in popularity -- but it has risen in popularity despite republican attempts to undermine it. >> there has been a lot of cuts to obamacare. it is like dying by a thousand cuts. the interesting thing is it has not died yet. whether or not you like the affordable care act or preside obama, we have thousands of millions of people in the united states who need comprehensive health insurance. at the end of the day, that is important for them. james: and millions more have it as a result. >> absolutely. james: across this spectacular state and across the country,g voters are makeir minds up. nationally, the campaign may have been domited by the economy and immigration. but for millions of americans , the most pressing, the most personal issue is healthcare. and how they feel about it may yet reshape the political landscape. james cookbbc news. laura: a brief time ago i spoke with adrienne elrod, a
moatic strategist who worked on hillary clinton's campaign. york.ined us from new nancy pelosi has said very definitively that democrats will atake the hou health care is a big factor. but isn't she tempting fate, rather? adrienne: [laughter] well, look, love nancy pelosi, but i don't think anybody should be in the prediction game. we have seen record turnout in a midterelection, which is extraordinary to see. 31 million people have already cast votes in early voting. we think that up to 100 million people might vote in the midterm, which would shatter all records. certainly as someone who worked on hillary clinton's campaign in 2016, i'm cautiously optimistic, n the am certainly not prediction game. the most important thing is for folks to get out and vote. it looks like at least here in new york city it will be raining. that can sometimes deter people from turning out. turnout, -- dr. folks have got to turn out, and
if they do on the democratic a side we will sood night for the party not in power. laura: but the economy is so strong right now. how do you get people to vote for you when the president is saying that could upset the economic boom? adrienne: well, that is the thing here. theconomy is strong by a traditional definition of what a strong economy is. you have low unemployment and the stock market is doing well. but a lot of people in america are not feeling this economic boom. they are not seeing their wages rise. they are w maybeking part-time s.bs when they would like to have full-time job just because the numbers look good does not mean that a majority of americans are feeling this.th is one of the factors that is driving people to the polls.h laur much is at stake for democrats in this election after the bruising hillary clintonou loss -- and ofe you worked on that campaign yourself. adrienne: there is a lot of stake for democrats. for some reason if the democrats do not take back the tomorrow night, we have a lot of soul-searching to do. ilt i don't think thatbe the case.
again, i'm not in the prediction but i think we will have pretty good night. we just need 23 seats. we may not see the giant blue wave of 100 flips from red to blue, but i think democrats will take back the house, and that is going to be very important in making sure first and a remost we havlance of power in washington. righthe now, tooint you just made, donald trump rules the white house, the republicans rule the house and the senate. so democrats taking control of the house will at least give us e balance of power so we h little more say in a much stronger see at the table. laura: adrienne elrod, thank you for joining us. adrienne: thank you so much. laura: donald trump's name is not on the ballot, but t midtm elections are a nationwide verdict on his two years in office, and he has put himself front and center in the campaign. he is holding rallies across america. katty kay and chomstian fraser he bbc's "beyond 100 days" program have been to west
invi to see how the message is going down there. katty: west virginia is one of mpdonald 's favorite states. back in 2016 he won the election here, he got almost 70% of the christian: you know why, it is coal country. you go through charleston, you see the rolling hills. i guess they believe that the policy he is putting in place are reviving the state. dokatty: which may be why nald trump has been to this state 8 ames since he got elected why he is here again in the final days of the midterm campaign. christian: a radio host --do you remember him on the show? wchu. katty: yeah, that is a conservative talk-radisohost. that ithing people are concerned about? >> they are concerned about three things -- coal, god, and guns. katty: tom has a daily morning
t show and gets a callers, so he is a good barometer of the republican mood. god, guns, and coal, but i will throw another there, donald trump. >> he has moved into the top four, maybe the top three, and i think that is because what he says resonates with those other three. christian: tom was good, but i'm still coused -- are they voting in west virginia for party, policy, or for the person? katty: there is a busload of supporters. let's ask them.wh is the most important issue for you in the election? what is the thing that matters most? o >> it is about jobs in our country, americans working again. ristian: what is the most important thing in the election for you? >> the economy. >> the economy, i agree. christian: is donald trump the only one that can breathe new life into the ecy? >> he is the only one who has tried to fix it for 60 yes. katty: donald trump has set a
frenetic pace this wee this one reminds me more of his prs.idential campaign rallie christian: here we are. air force one is going to pull up, he is ing to get out to a rockstar welcome. this is made for television. >> ♪ proud to be an american katty: he has flown into huntington to try to make difference in a number of close races. pres. trump: after years of rebuilding other countries, weve inally rebuilding our country. we have ended the war on beautiful clean coal, and we are putting our coal miners back to work. >> we love you, president trump! >> that's right. katty: if they win here, trump will claim credit. but if republicans lose -- pres. trum if that is what you end up with, it is your fault, not mine. remember that. christian: good drama.
you have been to a lot of these. what do you think? katty: closing days ofhe campaign, he has the three things she has to hereal -- immigration, and appealing to women voters because they have a problem with women. christian: jobs, immigration, coal. but he needs them to vote for republicans on tuesday. laura: katty kay and christian fraser reporting there from west virginia. a brief time ago i spoke to our political analyst ron christie, who was an adviser tpresident george w. bush. ron, the president has made this election about him. he is barnstorming the country tonight. but is he helping those in danger, the house republicans in suburban seats? is he helping use republicans? ron: i don't think so -- good evening to you, laura. there are a lot of people, --ublicans and sgestions, in his swing districts, suburban
philad washington, d.c., in virginia, that want the president to stay as far away from them for fear of what they will see other -- at the ballot box tomorrow, which could be them losing if they are too closely associatedu with president. the president't osing his campaign on the economy? why is he closing in on this fear of mobs and the migrant invasion? ron: i think it plays very well with his face. there is no accident t has refocused his efforts on immigration. this is something he campaigned on. he campaigned on building the wall.us now we see thods of people heading from mexico and points to the south. i think he believes this is a winning issue r him and senatorial candidates. laura: what are the races you will be watching most closely tomorrow night for signs of where we are headed? ron: for one, barbara comstock outside of washington, d.c., reliably republican district a she could go down in defeat. if she does, that would indicate the democrats are doing well. i am also looking at five districts in southern california, my home state.ub if rcans lose orange
county and conservative areas,s the republice not going to have a good night tomorrow. laura: if republicans do lose ir those very dts you are talking about there, what is at stake for the president himself if the republicans lose the house and there was oversight from democrats ron: i think his administratio will be in shackles, to be perfectly honest. we will see investigations into justice kavanaugh, investations into the president. all sorts of oversight responsibilities that the republican majority has looked away from. laura: could this tell us about the enduring appeal of president trump and whether 2016 was a shock to the system or a realignment? ron: that is what i am looking for tomorrow. a lot of people are saying that republicans are in for a bad night. republicans are going to take it on the chin. don't know. we have the best economy we've had for many, many years now. people will look at this is a pocket book issue and say, you
epow what, i'm making more money, i'm g more money and maybe donald trump is not so bad after all. laura: if you were a betting man, would you put money -- there is a range of thssibilities, between republicans holdinhouse and the democratic wave. ron: i'm actually being a wageng individual -- i am in good mood today -- i predict repuicans hold a narrow majority but they hang on to the house. laura: ron christie, thank you very much indeed. ron:as pe. laura: in other news, turkish authorities say saudi arabia sent a toxicologist and a chemical expert to istanl days after journalist jamal khashoggi was killed at the saudi consulate. the turkish officials says ankara believes the aim was to clean the premises before local police were admitted. the white house says president trump had a briefing this morning with cia director gina haspel after her return from tuayey. the u.s. on duty with the military in afghanistan has been killed in what seems to be an ksider attack. brent taylor died ul while working to train members of the
afghan security forces he was mayor of north ogden in utah. mretaylor leaves behind a w and seven children. 9 people have died in italy after a river burst its banks in sicily, flooding homes. three others were killed when their cars were swept away. days of heavy rain he left 17 people dead in italy. the interior minister said around $300 million has been earmarked for the relief effort. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, defiance in iran as the u.s. reposes sanctions. the move is met with anger in the streets of the capital, tehran. britain's prime minister,mi therese of a cent her irish counterpart on monday. he is pressuring the picture of what a hard border between the
northern island and the republic, even if no trade agreement is reached after the u.k. leaves the eu. reporter: leaving the euill affect all of our lives somehow. citizens living herend brits abroad, it really counts. these are vital days after a t long wr brexit's big decision. >> we feel like we have been banging onbout it for the last two years and nothing has happened. clarity, and we wan our rights guaranteed. reporter: you might feel that you have heard this before, but if there is to be a brexit deal this mon, which is what the government is hoping for, there has to be movement in the next week or so. tomorrow morning theresa may tull get the cabinet together, but they are still on, you guessed it, what to do about th. irish border you might hope it wasn't so
awkward on the phone between these two this morning. ireland and the u.k. agreed there should be a legal pmise, a backstop so there will be no return to a hard border in ireland, whatever happens. the u.k. says the backstop has to be temporary. cesadly not able in dublin. -- sadly not acceptable in dublin. date, it isxpiry not worth the paper it is written on. fear in: but the cabinet and in the tory ranks is that a backstop could leave the u.k. in limbo forever. ministers and officials arpu pushing and shing for progress. the brexit secretaries not booking is to get to clinch the de in brussels, at least not yet. -- secretary is not booking his
ticket to clinch the deal in brussels, at least not yet. laura: the trump administration has reimposed sweeping sanctions on iran, the ones that were lifted under the 2015 nuclear deal. iran's president says hre country will the sanctions, which target oil exports and banking. the u.s. secretary of state says iran must act like a normal country or see its economy crumble. the bbc's diplomatic correspondent james landale reports. james: across iran today, they tested their air defenses, an annual display of military prowess that just happened to coincide with e moment american sanctions came back into force. >> we are in a situation of economic war, confronting a bullying power. we will proudly bypass your illegal and unjust sanctions. james: in tehran, protesters have burned the american flag in a familiar ritual.nc but the tions on iran's oil, banks, and shipping are expecten
to bite, mit harder to buy food and medicine in a country already suffering economic hardship. ese sanctions had been lifted in a groundbreaking deal four yes ago when iran agreed t limit its nuclear program in return for more trade with the west. but donald trump claims iran has not kept its word. he calls it the largest state ism, using terror the money it has raised through traded to destabilize the region -- by for example supporti militias in syria and houthi rebels in yemen, acting in ways hreaten american allies. for a few months iran will be able to keep selling some of its oil to a few countries, including china and india, tod avstabilizing the markets. but the u.s. is clear about what it wants.
secretary pompeo: islamic republic of iran is dest middle east today.he the iranian regime has a choice. they can eher do a 180 degree turn and act like a normal country, or they can see the economy crumble. james: the question is how much the sanctions will hit british and european businesses. firms like airbuhave worked closely with iran in the past. some financial firms could also be hit. to helpdoes have a pla countries avoid the sanctions. but many have already pulled out for fear of losing trade wh the u.s. >>nm the govt is disappointed by the actions taken by the united states, although it th no surprise. action we are taking is to maintain a position with the agreement which the iranians are sticking to and we believe we should stick to as well. we don't disagree with the concerns the united states has about iranian behavior. we just think there is a different way to go about it. james: there are deep divisions between europe and the united states on this whole ah to iran, and the fear among some dillomats is that in face of these sanctions, iran instead of improving behavior simply
hunkers downnd perhaps even steps up its nuclear program. the one thing th is clear is that life for people in iran is about to get harder. james landale, bbc news. laura: for more my spoke earlier to -- forpo more, i earlier to wendy sherman, former u.s. under secretary of state who helped negotiate the iran deal during the obama administration. can this deal that you worked so hard on survive the reimpositiob of sanctiothe trump administration? wendy: there are certainly a lot y people who do want it to survive -- not oan, of coarse, but europe, great britain, france, germany want to see it survive. they are trying to put together a special-purpose vehicle to allow trade to go on. when we imposed sanctions during ama administration we ha the entire world with us enforcing those sanctions. that is not the case now. we will see.
i think the iranians will be watching our election very closely. if they think that donald trump is going to be around for a very, very long time, my guess is they will be back to the negotiating table. if they see wholesale changemo ow in our election, they will try to hang on, i think. laura: interestingly, 8 countries including china and india who buy a lot of oil from iran are getting a temporary exemption from the sanctions. the president says he does not want to drive oil prices up. what you make of those exemptions? etndy: it is very tough to to zero. we had full support of t. european uni italy and greece are two other countries that get exceptions. that did not happen during the obama administrati. we got deals with china, india soh korea, japan. i think the president is begi complicated this is and does not have the team in place that can make this effective. ere is no doubt that the iranian people will be hurt by
this just at a time when the administration is trying to plat iranian people. whether in fact the presidentet willhat he wants, a pullback of the malign behaviore by iran inegion, is very uncertain. ntura: the u.s. secretary of state, to your psays this is about changing iran's behavior by bringing the economy to its knees and trying to stop iran from meddling. you are looking skeptical. wendy: i'm skeptical because in the past sanctions have never stoppebad behavior. when we had the most comprehensive sanctions enforced by everyone, when the europeans started negotiating ieven 2006 earlier with iran, they had 164 centrifuges in the nuclear program. by the time we got to seris negotiations in 2013, they had 19,000. sanctions may in fact create resistance and nationalism in iran, which they have lived off of. it will hurt the iranian peoplea
it may bringto the negotiating table ultimately, but the revolutionary guard corps can do very bad things with very little money. laura: knowing the iranians as you do and the whole range of opinion, how great is the risk that iran starts working on its nuclear program again? wendy: i think that risk will go up over time because the deal is being hung onto by a thread amid euonpe's support to hol it. i think what we may see is more state sponsorship of terrorism, usmoreagainst american troops that are in iraq and elsewhere in the region, helping out behind the scenes. so we will be in a tough spot. laura: wendy sherman, thank you ining us with those insights. wendy: thank you. laura: wendy sherman's new book is called "not for the faint of het." please do join us on the bbc tomorrow for special election coverage throughout the day and
a light as the results pour in. to see what we a working on at anytime, make sure to check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our gned tol videos are de work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way thr gh the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentations ade possible by the freeman foundation, f and kovlndation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ♪ >> possibilities. youray is filled with them. and pbs helpeveryone discover theirs.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, the day ctbefore midterm ens, candidates sprint toward the finish line focused t getting eir voters. >> get your friends, get your co-workers and go out and vote republican! we're going to make sure that people vote to sta making things better. >> woodrf: then, protecting the vote--efforts to keep voting secure and ay from forces trying to unduly influence the results. and the next generation: highho students speak out about the issues ahead of tomorrow's election. >> it does seem like o of the most important elections, especially because it seems like