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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 8, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's glected needs. >> this fall, it is a season of revelations, from the choice of america's favorite novel. >> it's 0 books we want people to take a look at. we are hoping to get people to fall in love with novels again. >> to the fate of a hero's love. >> i'm still here.
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>> and i. >> from the secret lives of the most amazing cats to new discoveries about the firs peoples of the americas. >> our history goes back to the beginning of time. >> all this and more, this season. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc wews america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. 12 people are killed in a shooting at a bar in california. cothe gunman was a marine s veteran. >> we thought it was a joke. we didn't take it seriously at first. we thought it was firecrackers. everyone just dropped down to the floor. g ne: democrats are demand emergency investigation into the firing of attorney general jeff sessions amid esh concerns over the future of the russia probe. ancommemorating world war i -- events across europe will mark the centenary of the end othe
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great wa welcome to our viewers on public television ou america and the world. at least 12 people including aav police officerdied at a shooting at a bar in california. witnses described scenes of panic when a gunman walked into the venue popular with students and opened fire. police named him as former marine ian david long, who is believed to have taken his own life. james cook rorts from the city of thousand oaks. >> officer down. mes: for the united states, this is the nightmare that never ends. it could be las vegas, orlando, rginia tech, sandy hook. but this time it was thousandt
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oaks athe borderline bar and grill. it was college night, and thepa place was ed with young people enjoying country music and dancing when the shooting started. >> i saw the gunman with his gun drawn. as you as we heard shots, we dropped to the floor. >> i saw the shots go off as well as hearing them >> he shut the front desk, cashier. >> w started going against the we could get out >> we stayed behind the stage and got out, went to the kitchen, went through the back door. >> a i watch officer get shot in front of me and i had to help drag him and throw him in the act of the top car. -- cop car. james: that officer was sergeant ron helus. he was on the phone with his wife.
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he told her he loved her and ran into the building. >> the surgeon passed away at the hospital about an hour ago. the forcehelus was o for 29 years. he was looking to retire in the next year or so. james: you get a sense of shock and a sense of despair. but what is really striking is the absence of surprise. america has come to expect mass shootings. the gunman was a local man, ian david long, a 28-year-old former marine. he had run-ins with police before, and they had concerns about his mental health. although his handgun magazine was illegal in california, he w bought tpon itself lawfully. t why do you this keeps happening in the united states of america? >> if i knew the answer to that, i would do something to stop it. james: this city is ras one of the safest communities in the nation. buisno corner of this countr immune from the american plague of gun violence.
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>> he was one of the 11 killed last night. his name was cody coffman. my firstborn son. james: james cook, bbc news, thousand oaks in california. jane:m james joined us fe scene in thousand oaks, gocalifornia, a brief time james, what more do you know? james: well, we know that the fbi are involved in this investigation, along with firearms experts in the ventura county sheriff's department. they gave us another briefing a few minutes ago. there were a few more details -- they saithey are trying to work on the precise timeline to figure out precisely how the events unfolde certainly survivors we have spoken to speak of the gunman arriving at the bar, perhaps
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shooting people outside it. orsurvi spoke to said he shot the woman at the front checking ids, and then he made his way in shooting apparently at random, but with devastating effect. h he whly trained as a gunman. he was a machine gunner in theco u.s. marine s, ian long. that is his background. he served in afghanistan, and there were concerns his mental health. jane: i was struck listening to the press conference just now that one of the officials had to say that the investigators were not just going through the motions. why is iso important to reassure the public of that? james: well, i mean, clearly these kinds of events caused a great deal of fear, panic , stress, and alarm in the wider community. what we heard from the fbi is tthy have no evidence that this man was in any way working with anyone else associated with anyone else related to this
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terrible crime, these terrible murders, and that there was no wider threat to ventura county a.or the los angeles a clearly these are painful events for the united states of america, but events that people are used to. this is one of the safest places, statistically, in the entire country, the second or third safest community in the tire land. but pele here were still not particularly surprised by what happened, beuse in the united states today there has come to be a certain expection that one day this will happen near you. jane: james cook, thanks for joining me. for more on this incident i spoke a brief time ago with a retired special agent with the bureau of alcohol, tobacco, and firearms. how do you stop mentally ill from getting a hold of weapons? >> the first thing you have to
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make sure is that every time a chn is transferred, you past the background check ws a simple thing we have not done in the united states. but predicting who might act out violently is not a perfect science. that is why we have to try up is -- try our best to prevent some gun crimes because we cannot prevenall of them. jane: that is an interesting point. obviously, we do not all the details yet, but it appears police were concerned about this man in april. how difficult is it to remove weapons from somebody who might be a threat? >> it is very difficult in the united states. it is almost as if we are betteo tioned to handle solving crime after the fact. at atf i often thought atf h shoue been named "after the fact," because we are good at coming in once something bad happened. preventing something from happening is a different skill. one i thought we would do better now after 9/11, another incident said would never happen again.
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the prident has not made that declaration. he has not said never again to these crimes of violence. that is why they keep happening. and even had victims today that survived las vegas at aninher mass sho that is not normal and not acceptable and we need to do better. jane: people like you who deal with these tragedies in law enforcement, what contro would you like to see? >> background checks. y time you buy a gun, certain requirements that you will carru thoutside the home. the gun allegedly used today in -- is larger handgun than the one i was issued on the atf swat team. etthality -- if you're going to buy a particularlyl gun, it seems to me they should be registered with atf just like machine guns. but we don't do bngs that would honor our constitution and the right to bear arms but also give law enforcement a fighting chance to prevent these crimes in the
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first place, andying while doing so. jane: can you explain how much more dangerous the high-capacity magazine made this weapon? >> it transforms ailler into a killing machine. the reality is that any gun that is loaded can kill one person. if you're going to kill dozen people, an extended magazine that allows you to kill morepe le with more ammunition without having to reload is an enormous tactical advantage. we saw that in las vegas.op dozens of killed, unndreds wounded, magazines that held 80 and 100 . these are magazines much larger than any seal team member would carry or law enforcement would carry. it is a risk we have to regulate a lot better. jane: ank you for joining me. >> thank you. jane: a look at some of the days of the news. judge ruthe court bader ginsburg is in hospital after breaking three ribs in a fall.
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judg ginsburg, who is 85, is seen as the most senior justice of the court's liberal wing. thema conservative rity was restored last month when brett kavanaugh was confirmed. president's administration has taken a step to restrict asylum claims by migrants by proposing a regulation which would make people ineligible for asylum if they cross the southern u.s. border illegally. the white house previously said it would centrist to the border with mexico as thousands of people walk towards the u.s. in a caravan. at least 47 people have died in the east of zimbabwe after two buses collided. two children are among the dead. 70 people were injured. an eyewitness told local media one of the buses was trying to overtake a lorry outside a small town. the earliest known painting of an animal has been identified in a cave in the island of borneo. the artwork, at least 40,000 years old t, is thougbe the oldest example of figurative painting, where real objects to
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correct abstract shapes. researchers are not certain what animal it represents. ats are demanding emergency hearings over the firing of attorney general jeff sessions. the new acting attorney general , who haci whitaker publicly crid the investigation into russian election meddling headed by special counsel robert mueller. president trump has called the probe a tchhunt, and mr. whitaker will now be responsible for overseeing it. the bbc's north america editor jon sopel reports. jon: jeff sessions until last night donald trump's at rney general, and punching bag. after months of public abuse, the president finally moved fr ridiculing his senior law officer to firing him. it was a glassy-eyed jeff sessions who bade farewell to staff. sessio' crime in the
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president's eyes was refraining the russian investigation into whether there was collusion between the trump campaign and mosce . no one canrprised jeff sessions was made to walk the plank. he was living on borrowed time. what has raised eyebrows is the man who is now the acting attorney general. he has been openly hostile to the mueller investigation, and that leaves a burning question -- is donald trump planning to ax the inquiry altogether? in the short term, the man now running the justice department mp matthew whitaker, a t loyalist. >> i can see a scenario where jeff sessions is replaced with a recess appointment and theto ey general doesn't fire bob mueller but reduces the budget so low that his investigatiogrinds to a halt.wr jon: and he this -- "investigating donald trump's finances or his family finances goes beyond the appointment of the special counsel. it is time for rosenstein to orper mueller to limit the s
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of his investigation." democrats are suspicious. sen. schumer: protecting mueller and his investigation is paramount. it would create a constitutional crisis if this were a prude to ending or greatly limiting the mueller investigation.jo but what is the fuss about, says the white house. kellyanne: the mueller investigation has gone forward using your tax dollars.no we havimpeded it at all. we had an attorney general whoom was recused t. wengow don't have an ac attorney general who is recused from it. we have done everything we have been asked to do. jon: a baking point where donald trump goes nuclear and onres robert mueller has l been anticipated. it ha't happened yet. it doesn't mean it won't happen. jon sol, bbc news, washington. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america
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still to come on tonight's program, atu c after the armistice, how germany is approaching the anniversary and the legacyrl of two wars. jane:e prince charles says will keep his viersws on control issues to himself when he becomes the british king. in the past he has campaigned strongly on several issues. nicholas witchell reports. nicholas: for hallea century chhas tried as he puts it to make a difference for the better. as prince of wales from he has campaigned on the environment, inner cities, youth opportunities, to name a few of the causes he has pursued. as he approaches his 70th birthday, charles knows better than anyone that a new goal beckons. takes the throne, his public interventions must stop. >>al it is vo remember that
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there is only room for one sovereign, not two. you cannot be the same as the sovereign if you are the prince of wales. will beidea that i exactly the same way if i'm to succeed is complete nonsense, because the two sitletions are coly different. won't be abletho do the same gs i have done as heir. so of course y operate within the constitutional parameters. nicholas: that undertaking, to abide by the constitutional parameters when he is king, is signd icant. it shoan an end to the sometimes controversial interventions he has made over the years. for example, his opposition to genetically modified crops. the constitutional conventions are clearit -- a h monarch should not make public interventionsha as charle explicitly accepted. but a king or queen can
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encourage or warn. but that must be done privately to the prime minister. islowly but surely, the w being prepared for the moment when the crown passes from a monarch known for her discretion to a prince who until now has never been slow to speak out. jane: pakistan's foreign office says the christian woman who was spared the death penalty when myher conviction for blaspas overturned has been the lead to a safe hiding place within the country. ofs rejected suggestions that asia bibiad been flown abroad, saying the supreme court decision to release her from prison b iseing reviewed. lyse doucet reports. lyse: released in secret in the dead of night from this prison to a secretio plot -- loc asia bibi free after eight years
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on death row but still the most wanted person in pakistan. wanted dead by crowds like this twho surged into streets capital, islamabad, when it heard the news. "hang her," they shout. hard-line islamists defying supreme court jues who overturned her conviction, a death sentence for blasphemy. >> l me state clearly that asia bibins remt a safe place in pakistan. lyse: asia bibi is now a free citizen, says the justice ministry. >> she is a free woman now. lyse: what islam iss at -- but islamists mounted a legal challenge to stop her from leaving pakistan. her torment began almost a decade ago in her tiny village. nn argument with muslim wome
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over a couple of water turned into accusations that she had insulted the prophet mohammed. she was arrested and convicted for blasphemy. her husband and five children spoke to the bbc event of their world turned upside do. >> we miss her so much. christmas is coming. we wish we could celebrate it with her. anguishd those days of lasted a dade. waiting been 10 years," her daughter cries, on a visit to london this month organized by a christian charity. her mother' flight has galvanized -- plight has galvanized campaigns in pakistan and for beyond, including in britain. >> it is so unjust. e is innocent and since we drank water from the same ll as muslims.
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it would be usedinuite commonly debates in the western world. they are just astounded this could happen in the modern age. lyse: it is a major test for pakistan's new prime minister, imran khan. no one has been hangedor f blasphemy, but dozens have been killed by people taking the law into tir own hands. asia bibi and her family are expected to take up offers of asylumes. ping a place where no one accused of this crime is safe. lyse doucet, bbc news. jane: asia bibi free but not necessarily say. this weeke safe.ot necessarily this weekend marks 100 years since the end of world war i. as part of the commemorations, 17,000 tiny figures are being displayed in london, each representing the commonwealth's
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servicemen with no known grave. events are taking place in germany. our special correspondent reports on how today's democratic nation e ies to reconcself to the darkness of its past. reporter: 70 years ago, the german army came to norway by force. today they are hereby invitation. this is the biggest nato operation since the end of the cold war -- 40,000 troops from n ions.an the geare at its heart. in warpaint and forest camouflage, this is germany mday, a nation transformed in two generations frderous dictatorship to democratic partner. but how do today's germans remember their dead of two world wars, when in the 1940's they died serng the nazi regime? many of them fought under field marshal erwin rommel. i asked one his relatives how germans could mourn their dead without whitewashi germany's
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crimes. >> i was told when i w a young girl not to talk of the war. many talked about it, but ju hind their hands their uncles and grandfathers and brothers died. we were told we were guilty. and we were guilty. we are more guilty than the others, but myuneneration was l the because this was not guilty becau -- my generation was not guilty because i was born after the war. i don't want to cut it down -- do you say, "cut it down," to make it small? one day there must be an end to these stories. years theyor 100 have come to allied ceremonies with pride as well as sorrow. 2 million german soldiers died in the first wld war. more than twice th number in e second. many lie in mass graves.
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no shining white upright stones for them. posterity fuels no i prithe germany they died for. >> now they are coming out of the church. my fher and my mother. reporter: peter was born on armistice day in 1944.hi parents were married inry febrf that year -- his father in the uniform of an army on the verge of a catastrophic defeat. >> the end of the second worldd war was so hat the feelings of guiltiness was in them, but they couldn't speak about the thing that they followed hitler. at was a big problem for that was a big problem for the generation of my father and my mother. reporter: when this home movie was filmed, they did not yet know that their part of germany would be overrun by the soviet troops.
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>> my grandfather. reporter: peter's gran local landowner, would not survive. >> the russians came, and after a few days they decided to kill the men in the house. my grandfather said to my grandmother, we have to say goodbye, and then he went down -- one moment. reporter: this private sorrow is still very powerfully felt, but it rarely nds public expression. there's a small national ace everythat takes november, but it is very low-key and it is over in a matter of minutes. after the second world war, german sorrow was subsumed b something much bigger, national shame. germansed had inflio much grief on others that they found
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it impossible to indulge their own grief. they kept it private, unspoken. there is no german equivalent of this. in their nordic training grounds, what fellowship do these men and women feel with those who came before them? britain'sstory -- history is about continuities. germany's is about rupture, the clean break of 1945. >> this is ground zero for our history, our society. change our society, our whole culture. for this ability to getting better, to learn from the history, i am proud to be german and proud to serve fmany. reporter: this is the postwar german achievement, that if the country's ancestral voicesall from their graves, this armistice day, today's germanyni
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is not lis. jane: and you can find that story and all the day's news on our website. to see what we're working on k any time, cht twitter. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbcorld news america." >> with the bbc r vertical veos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of thday and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> a new chapter begins. >>re now you can access f your favorite pbs shows than ever before, with pbs passport,
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a member benefit that lets you bi many of the latest shows and catch up on your favites. >> we really are living in a modern world. >> anytime you want, anywhere you are. >> there is literally nothing like this in the world. >> support your pbs station and get passport, your ticket to the best of pbs. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: god evening. i'm dy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: again. a mass s oting in the united states. this time, 12 people murdered at a california bar and dance hall. then, president trump moves to limit who can seek asylum in the united states. us, justice in the balance. what pre tsidemp's pick for acting attorney general means for the future of the mueller investigation. and, prime real estate. amazon nears a decision on the locationco of its headquarters. we look at what that might mean for the chosen city. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newsur.

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