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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 9, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america."fu ing of this presentation is made possible byee the n foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america'sd negleceds. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> stay curious.
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♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." ne this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. major wildfires in california turned deadly as tens of thousands of people are forced to evacuate. ee are on the scene amidst devastatio frankly,eerie, and wful to walk here in the ashes of people's lives. jane: if you think the midterms were over, think again. florida could be headed for crucial recounts. in london burned
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lybright in remembrance of 100 years since the end of the first world war. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. enmergency has eclared in california where tens of thousands of people have fled on the path of wildfires. the hote fears that desert winds will continue to fuel the blazes. entire towns have den destroyed many have been forced to abandon everything to escape. the bbc's james cook is in northern california with the latest. please help us. james: it was a desperate dash for survival. pursued by a wildfire devouring the equivalent of 80 football
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pitches a minute. paradise sits on a ridge, and the few roads down quicklyho becamed with traffic. some motorists abandoned theirhe cars and ran for lives with children and pets in their arms. >> the hardest thing about this all is the people that may not have had the benefit that i had to get out when i got i started crying. mes: the extent of the disaster is not yet clear, but what we know already is grim. bodies have been found in the charred reins of vehicles. >> the magnitude of the destruction we are seeing is ally unbelievable and heartbreaking, and our hearts go out to everybody who has been affected by this and impacte we know that there have been injuries, and we know that there have been loss of life. james: we are just driving into
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paradise now, and it is really a frightening scene.ca telegraps on fire, electricity has been cut. we have been driving past houses which ve been burned. we're hearing disturbing reports from inside paradise itself esout many deaths and inju there. this is what we found. paradise just lost, but annihilated. -- paradise not just lost, but annihilated. 27,000 people lived here. little remains. in southern california, two big blazes rage towards the pacific ocean. tens of thousands of people in their path had to flee. this fire burned on the edge of thousand oaks, a city already re iing from a mass shooting a bar. the communities of calabasas and malibu have also been evacuated.
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the fire which consumed paradise was driven by hot de winds rushing down to the sea. was an inferno. the air here is acrid. you can actually taste the chemicals as they smolde it is eerie, and frankly, pretty awful to walk here in the ashes of peop's lives. james cook, bbnews, paradise in california. jane:he speed of those fires quite terrifying. now to this week's midterm elections. hopedy have thought, or that all the action was over on wednesday, but not so fast. arizona still has not called its senate race, and iida the senate and governor's races could be heading for a recount. once again it is all about florida. for more i was joined a brief time agoy charlie cook, editor of "the cook political report."
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charlie, thas for coming in. lawyers are moving in. it is all about florida. what do you make of it, and in particular the senate race? charlie: there's something about florida whe things tend to be quirky, but it is a problem nationwide in this country. there are half a million votes that have not been counted in florida. when you have temporary, part-time, elderly people using new tenology, what could possibly go wrong at a polling ace? we don't spend enough money for precision and speed in this country. florida seems to have more than their share of problems. i kind of think that governor rickcott, the republican candidate, hopes that his lead over senator bill nelson will hold up, but it is close. jane: rick scott is making allegations of potential fraud. you seem to think it is incompetence. charlie: i think it is incompence that we cannot get accurate election results faster.
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it is systemic, but it seems to happen more in florida than anywhere else. i think in this hyper-partisan environment, nobody ever loses anything, they have been cheated. you know, every kid gets a ribbon. i think it says something about our political environment now i thcannot be slow or incompetent, it has got to be theft or fraud. that is where we are in american japolitics. : the democrats, regardless of the senate, have taken control of the house. do you think it was a blue wave, or was it simply a normal midterm adjustment? charlie: well, we had two offerent elections, and o election was in red, conservative america where the u.s. senate was fought and it was a victory for president trump and the republican party. the other was erything else, and that was pretty much a repudiation of president trump. it is sort of luck of the draw
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which third of the u.s. senate happened to be up. all three of the democrats who lost senate races were in states that president trump won by 19 points or. -- 19 points or more. cathe only repubseat to lose in the senate was the one republican in a state that hillary clinton carried. raphy was destiny in the senate.e over in house, most of the battlegrounds ws e in the subuere president trump is very unpopular. jane: do you think the democrats will be able to hold onto these seats in 2020? charlie: we have to knon what is goin i think there is a pretty good chance democrats ho'on, but we dot know what the political environment is like then or with -- or who do democrats nomite. the old joke about the woman asked by a friend, how is your sband. she replied, compared to what? how do the democrats do against president trndp? deon who they have. jane: i suppose asking you if it
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sets the stage for 2020 is a bit like that, too. , but it is a very in the suburbs republicans have not been doing things to optimize their chances i urllege-educated suburbs, college-educated sn women. that is where president trump is particularly toxic. jane: charlie cook, thanks for joining me. charlie: thanks, jane. jane: quick look at some of the other news now. passengers have been injured after a plane bound for canada was forced to make an emergency landing after taking off from the capital of guyana. the pilot reported problems with the hydraulic system and the plane overran the runway on landing. a spokesperson forhe airlines said all on board were saf u.s. secretary of state mike pompeo says he remains concerned about china's repression of religious groups, including nearly a million muslims who he claims have been denied their freedoms. speaking at talks with chinese
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officials in washington, mr. pompeo expressed his concern about beijing's military policy in the south chi sea. but he says the u.s. will maintain strong relations with china to deal with noheh korea and issues. an airplane has been seized by the french aviation authory in a row about money. the boeing 737 was crowded before it was due to fly to london. french officials are demanding that the airline repaid nearly half a million pounds in subsidy, which the european iscoon has ruled were illegal. the 149 passengers on the flight transferred to another plane sifrom c a five-hour delay. of thousandmmunity oaks,ni california, is mo the dead andan searching for ers as to why a gunman opened fire at a crowded bar wednesday night. 12 pple were killed, including one man who survived the mass
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shooting in las ingas last year. he wake of the tragedy, many in congress have been calling again for stricter gun safety laws. among them is democrat jackie eier from california. 40 years ago, she was shot five times at point-blank range while trying to rescue defectors from compoundder jim jes' in guyana. she talks about the story in her new book, "undaunted." i spoke to her a while ago. can i start byreetting your tion to the latest mass state, whichour already has some of the toughest gun-controls in the country? rep. speier: it underscores the fact that it doesn't matter how tough your state laws are if you don't have a federal law that t bans certangs. itr instance, in california there is a 10-day g period, a ban on high-capacity magazines. and yet the shooter was able to purchase one and used it to mow down 12 people. jane: democrats have taken
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control the house, so does this mean that gun control is back on the table of congress? rep. speier: we have for many years now supported gun violence prevention measures which close loopholes around the purchase of guns by felons and mestic violence misdemeanants and those deemed to be called mentally disturbed. and you if you want to buy a gun -- and yet, if you want to buy a gun online or at a gun show as a felon, you can do so. we want to just close those kinds of loopholes. jane: is there the political will to act? rep. speier: and that is not enough. we cannot do the simplest, the cosmetic, frankly. it is a loophole that allows people to buy who shouldn't be buying. t that is not where the problem is. the proble that.ch bigger than and the united states has always had great respect for the second amendment.
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we will always have etns in our so the question becomes are we willing -- do we have the wi to restrict the use of guns by persons who are in certainte ries? the mentally ill are persons e that should luated differently in order to have guns. 't think we do a good j there at all. jane: as a gun violence survivor yourself -- you survived five bullets at point-blank range when you were part of the congssional investigation in jonestown in 1978 -- what can you say tohe survivors of america's mass shootings? rep. speier: iould say to the survivors that the pain and anguish that you suffered today is going to be with you for a long time. it's very important to surround yourself with family a friends and resources that can help you
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through what is a very painful process, even after the wounds have been healed. physically, because the nal scarring goes on for long time. but there are resources out there and you should have the faith in knowing that you williv more than su you can thrive again. jane: but how did you do it? rep. speier: it was a long process. i was badly wounded. i haa hole in my leg the siz of a football. i had bone shooting out of my arm. i was shot five times, i had a bullet in my back, i still carry two bullets. it was emotionally a long journey. i survived, i thrived, and it was about using the resources at my fingertips, which included family, friends, faith, and e emotional support from therapists and others. jane: but you also lost your husband when you were three months pregnant. did the shooting prepare you for
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the next tragedy?r: rep. spet actually didn't.jo i assumed aftestown that everyone got their fair share of grief in life. mine just came early. en i was pregnant with o second child, my husband was killed in an automobile accident. i have nev -- i've never fallen to the depths of pain and suffering that i went through there. i lost the love of my life, i had a five and aalf-year-old son i had to pick up from kindergarten and bring back to the hospital and say goodbye to his daddy. he had nowh ide that was really all about. and then it was a financial disaster, because he was the major breadwinner. i was almost drowning. i remember my father visiting me and i said i don't know if i can bring this baby into this world. know if i have what i takes. and he said, very strong
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germanic background, "jackie, get over it, it has hree months." i think of that often because we really have to move on. i had a young son, i had a lot to live for. it is always about looking at the glass half-full. jane: anyou have gone on to do so much since. your book "undaunted," jackie speier, thank u for joining me. rep. speier: great to be with you. jane:ou are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's amprogram, pilitary forces in nicaragua are being blamed for violence that killed hundreds in recent months. we hear from one of the survivors. we are all familiar with the termbaby boom." now half theountries in the le face of baby bust and are not having enough children to maintain populations. new data show that in 1950 women were giving birth to a
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global average of just under five children, but last year that was almost half, down to 2.4 children for every woma japan is one country dealing with the consequences of an aging population. here is rupert wingfield-hayes. rupert: japan is perhaps the world's best example of a country that has had a long-term low birth rate and very, very lelimmigration. working age population peakt in 1997, and in the las 20 years has shrunk by 13 million people. currently japan is losing30 arod 0,000 people aal year. but ac just the start of the problem, because what we now have is a situation where over a quarter of the population is pensioners. that is 35 million pensioners japan has. but not enough children. just 14 million children in japan. that means there are not enough young people coming into the working population to look after
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thethose old people, pensisners. there ot enough people paying tax to do the jobs to look after the people. tat is why the japanese government has hado face the prospect of looking at its immigration poliof and opening japan. the long-term demographics for n japacommitted the current trends continue, are quite asto nshing. we aow12 aro5 million people. it is predicted that by the middle of the century in 2050, japan's population will fall to 100 million people. by the end of the century could fall to 80 million people. japan is the first and only country in the world at the moment to experience such an astonishing shrinking in its population. jane: in april, antigovernment protests in nicaragua began demanding that socialist
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president niel ortega step wn. but he refused to negotiate, and sent in security forces instead. hundreds were killed in the months that followed, d police were often supported by patrols radical pro-government paramilitaries. e bbc's will grant has gained unprecedented access to one of the underground groups, and has report from nicaragua.fe will: ay appear calm, but weeks ago the streets were under siege. this small town was caught in the grip of the violacce which swepss nicaragua as masked government loyalists clashed with protesters demand president daniel ortega step down. these paramilitaries made sure he didn't. the bbc gained exclusive access the armed group who cleared the barricades. the government describes them by the euphemism "volun police." >> calling us p'militaries ist right.
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we have never been milary. we are volunteer police who acted to clear the streets, but never shot to kill. >> i am not defendingct a orship. a dictator is not elected democraticallyenike our preswas. i cry for how the opposition has hurt my country. will: but few nicaraguans have sympathy for his tea. they point to a atrocities like this one where a mattress family was set ablaze with a family of six living above it. they all perished in the flames. cctv footage appea to show paramilitaries and police attacking the building together. the government denies its forces were involved. of all of the acts of violence that have taken place nicaragua recently, this arson attack is among the most appalling. that an entire family, from small children to grandparents, simplylled in this way for refusing to take a side is a sign of just how far things have
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sunk. cynthia lopez managed to escape the blaze but lostt alm everyone she holds dear. overcome with grief, she posted a desperate video online. today she is in hiding, scared for her life as one of the few survivors who can identify the perpetrators. at a safe house, she told us it was ortega's paramilitaries. ut the whole house was on fire. there was no wayor anybody. my father hugged and said, "i'm sorry, i can't get you out." they aacked us, but may god forgive them. will: faced with such abuses, one might expect the nicaraguan government to condemrithe paramili. but in fact they have official approval. >> the voluntary police force exists as a recognized organization along with national
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police to help maintain thepe e.ar there e laws here. will: paramilitaries, volunteers -- for cinthia those labels are irrelevant. she wants the men who ruined her life to answer for their actions. >> i wish they were in frontd f me so i cok them to their yoces, why did you do this? for what reason dikill my family? why have you destroyed my life? will: will grant, bbc news, nicaragua. jane: tonight the moat around the tower of london it was glowing morrill lights to mark 100 years since the end of the first world war. nightly ceremonies are being held until remembrance sunday, and across europe people are commemorating the event different ways. our correspondent robert hall has beeneeng some of them. robert: the machines have been working around the clock. the royal british legion's factories make over 4 million
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poppies every year, part of a remembrance tradition which always focused on the armistice. g>> remembranes us an opportunity for stillness in a very,d very busy world, ey -- that need to come together and the national unity we canly collectiave from that is very powerful. robert: that sense of national grief was first expressed at the newly constructed building two years after the armistice. ex-servicemen, widows, friends, unified by losses in every town, city, and village. flowers and tears miions who died the last of the survivors have now left us. as world war i recedes further into distant history, how should we keep remembrance alive?
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>> what you have got there is your engineer store.s let'ep on going back. reporter: this historianra believes pical experience can help us understand why wer. should remem he has reconstructed a section he the trenches here in kent to illustrate life inront. his young vitors were united their enthusiasm for the project, but divided on how remembrae should look in the future. >> you need to express it more. you cannot just let it lay in the history books in the library. you need to bring it to the school and have assemblies on it. ld i don't feel we shhange it at all. we are still remembering them and we are still remembering what they did. >> some tradition is important, but you could change it up a bit because i think the youth will get bored of it. robert: one way of sustaining interest is through stories. michael is a master of his art. >> the stories are what stick.
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the stories are what state-- stay. i thinit is up to story makers like me, dramatists, filmmakers, however we tell our stories. sere will not be in 50 ye tears for these people, because no one will know them. but ifou know those people, in your mind's eye, through a story, and you felt the deeply these people did do what they did ud it was important to yo that they did, it means something. ♪ robert: at the cemetery in northern france, the sun was setting as cadets paid tribute to the scottish regiments which served here. l change m ahead, but the baton of remembrance is being passed on. robert hall, bbc news. jane: very interesting that the centenary isctually sparking
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role innce of america's the war with plans for national memorial in washington. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." have a great weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed o work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way thr the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestad lines you can trust.do load now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is mssible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> possibilities. your day is filled with them.
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and pbs helps everyone discover theirs. anyt anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kce los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm amna naw. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: cafornia burning. across the state, wildfires engulf tens of thousands of acres, and force mass evacuations. then, democracy in action. several key races from the midterms remain too close to call. we take a look at the latest from georgia, florida and arizona. it's friday. mark shields and david brooks break down the election, the firing of the attorney general, and more. plus, a personal history. one family looks back at the legacy of world war i, a hundred years later. >> my mother was very proud of him, and i am. he's the family hero, isn't he? i think he was very brave. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.

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