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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 12, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news amera." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievab. ♪ri >> stay cus.
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♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. deadly wildfires have killed 31 people in california and hundreds more are missing, forced to run from the flames. let the recounts begin. florida is back in the spotlight. two races with the slimmest ofrg mas are triggering a second look at the ballot plus, he was the legendary force behind spider-man, x-men,ge and the avenrs. tonight we look back on the life of stan lee, who has died at the age 95.
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to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the devastation and death toll are rising in california as wildfires rage parts of the state. at least 31 people have been killed and more than 200 are missing. making matters worse, the gusty, dry winds fan the flames. the bbc's dan johnson is on the scene in simd valley s this report. lldan: they are the devil winds, and they are doing the devil's work. a hot, dry breeze carries a wall of flame over these hills, straight through anything in ith way. sands of homes have burned to the ground, some gone in a matter of minutes. here in malibu, leafy coastal neighborhoods have been charred to ash. >> the wind blew across it and the firestorm started coming down the hill here. we had to run to the ocean.
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and then it just blew through here like a tornado. dan: the rich and famous hen't been spared. >> welcome to my home in malibu. erardthis is film star butler returning home to find there is very little left. >> this guy right here saved of the whole block. dan: on the edge of calabasas, neighbors who ran for the lines were reunited. tyler and his wife saw homes across the street burning, so he got his family to safety and stated to fight the flames with his garden hose. >> there was a point wndre the fires d us. >> you thought you were going to die. >> 100%. the only way i could have gotten away his jump off my back room. risktoday others were at ashe flames took more ground,
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threatening more homes. they're using every tool they t. there are thousands of firefighters on the groun as they have had success here, they have eaten back the flames. the problem is that new fires keep breaking out. there is a warning that californiansn they have to le to live with this. gov. brown: this is not the new normal. this is the new aormal. this abnormal will continue in the next 10, 15, 20 years. ing the fires is iority and counting the lives lost. the winds picked up once more. five days income and the golden state still burns. dan johnson, bbc news, simi valley, california. laura: those ferocious fires still burninte now to the sf florida, which is no stranger to recounts, and yet again they are re-examining ballots after razor te andargins in the se governor's races.
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tonight president trump weighed surprisingly on the side of the republicans, tweeting, "they should be called in favor of rick scott and ron desantis. many ballotsfore missing or ed. an honest vote count is no longer possible. ballots massively infected. must go with election night." for more i spoke with our north america reporter anthony zurcher. anthony, these recounts are now underway. republicans hold very slim leads at the moment. is it really possible that the recounts could change the results? anthony: usually recounts don't shift that many votes. righnow scott has a lead of about 12,000 over nelson. but in ts case it may. about 25,000 under votes in broward county, where the ballot is filled out but there is no mark for the senate race. conceivably it could have been a machine error, peoave decided to it blank. when they do these recounts, that is something they could determine.
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laura: the president says that elyse ballots are mass infected. is there evidence at all of voter fraud? anthony: there is no evidence of voter fraud or misconduct at this point. the law enforcement agencies ve looked into it at ric scott's direction and found nothing. a florida state judge was reviewing lawsuit by rick scott and he said there was no evidence of fraud or misconduct. the broward county supervisor brenda snipes has ld some information, have to hand it over earlier in the week due to a lawsuit by scott. but again, not handing over information is different than outright fraud. laura: is this all about florida's absolutely pivotal role as a swing state in the presidential election from 2000 to now? anthony: exactly. in 2000 -- i think there are democrats in florida who look n,ck at the 2000 elect democrats nationwide who think that democrats at the time didn't do enough, were not aggressive enough. s e way this could be
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putting some of those ghosts to bed. but as you mentioned, in 2020 florida is going tstbe a key swine. donald trump carried it by 1.2% in 2016. obama by .9% in 2012. it is going to come down to florida once again. ura: anthony zurcher, thanks so much for joining us. as if the political drama in florida weren't enough, here in washington democrats are unveiling what they will do with the majoty in the house. says heman jerry nadler will summit matthew whitaker, acting attorney general. control on whitaker's over the mueller investigation and the tools at the democrats' disposal, i'm joined by a former u.s.ne attand now law professor. if d all tocrats have the power of oversight, is there anything they can do to stop matthewke whi acting attorney general, from overseeing the mueller
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investigation? >> no, they can put pressure on the process by making things public, by investigating the potential conflicts of interest he has his close relationship with the president, why he was installed, all caps of conversations he had with mr. trump. but there is no actual lever of power that stops the process grsent legislation which takes both houses of cs, and the senate is squarely republican right now. laura: let's say that mr. whitaker decided he was going to fire robert mueller or curtail his investigation. there is nothing legally to stop him? >> i mean, there is a regulation in place, but the regulation is one that technically mr. whitaker could rescind. sshe could a new referral to mr. mueller that drastically narrows the scope of the investigation. or he could fire him -- he has to have cause. is unclear under the legislation if you did fire hime
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for something than cause -- it is unclear if anyone could sue if mr. mueller goes to the courts. we have three branches of government, the executive branch, congress- congress can't do anything -- and the courts, and the questiou would be canet a case to a judge to exercise oversight. laura: have we learned the lessons from watergate when it cometo protecting a special counsel who did president feels threatened by? >> ino, interesting how history is repeating itself. with the famous saturday night massacre, president nixon fired his attorney general for not firing the special prosecutor in that instance and it went down the line. lthere is a lot of politi pressure. congress was ups, thinking that the president abused his office too much. there was regulation after that process. regulation was rescinded, etc. then we have the independent counsel statute come into pla i worked for ken starr under
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that statute. congress was like, we don't want the president pulling puppet stringsheit comes to investigations of the white house. laura: right, when it comes to ation of the white house and robert mueller's wrote, any mhint -- robeler's probe, any hints -- he went dark during afthe midterm electionr a number of indictments. >> he sure did go dark. ken starr's investigation was a lot narrower, six years old he has work to do, butf he has indictments, m whitaker could decide not to issue them, and if there was a conflict it would have to be reported to the congress. we will have to see how this playeds out. mr. mueller is in a precarious situation. best casecenario, he's very rushed. laura:yo dhave any indication that the senate majority leader will all out legislationug to be b to the floor that would protect the investigation how you outlined? >> unfortunately, no.
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his public statements recently is that there is no need for it. as anfe independent law por, i don't know how you can say there is no need for oversight over any government actor. this is what we are talking abt, whether the president could be above the law because the congress has decided to look at the other way. laura: do you see turbulent times ahead between the president and the rule of law? >> absolutely. you are already in turbulent times. the separation of powers exists to ensure we don't have kings and whoever is installed in the white house, republican or democrat, has to watch his or her back to make sure that if they crossed the line, they don't get in trouble. at this point, the executive anch isn't functioning, congress is out to lunch, with the exception of the house, and we don't know if the courts would take these cases, because traditionally executive power is a hands-off issue for urts. laura: thank you so much for joining us. >> oh, my pleasure. ura: in other news, seven palestinians including a hamas
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commander have been killed in an undercover israelies igation in gaza. an israeli soldier was also among the dead. canadian prime minister justin u says his country's intelligenceer offhave listened to recordings of the killing of journalists jamal khashoggi. mr. trudeau is the first western ader to confirm his country has listened to the tape of the murder of the journalist at the saudi consulate in istanbul. he has given copies to the u.s., the u.k., germany, france, and saudi arabia. a funding campaig has raised money to help a homeless man who tried to stop a knife attacker in austria by ramming him with a shopping trolley. he was killed trying to stop the man from stabbing two police officers in melbourne. the attack is being treised as a terrincident. 150 people 24 hours, have been killed in yemen's port city of hodeidah, aording to reports, with much of the
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fightingnen residential hborhoods. airstrikes from the saudi-let coalition backed by the u.s. and dobritain have nearlled in the first week of november compared to the previous month. now there are fears that vital supply lines for aid could be costroyed. from sanaa, our espondent has this report. reporter: pushing tos the i ty, coalition troops led by the saudi and emirrces are attempting to take the strategic port of hodeid from houthi rebels. for three years the conflict has been stuck in a painful stalemate. this offensive, which the coalition has called operation golden victory, could chanf the course oe war. but it comes at a heavy cost. a father in despair, he clutches the lifeless body of his three-year-old daughter. "what do i do now?" he cries.
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grief has become routine for the people of yemen. this time a family killed in a coalition airstrike as they sheltered in their home. the u.n. has warned that this current offensi could cost a quarter of a million lives. dawn, anthe family begins to remove the bodies. the fighting around the city has intensified since the u.s. and u.k. called for a cease-fire. the houthi rebel leadership say the coalition coul't maintain this offensive without the supportei of main allies in the west. the coalition command room is joined between the saudis, americans, and the british. britain is directly involved in aggression against the yemeni people. reporter: the british and americans deny they are involved in any targeting in yemen. but over half a million people
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have fled since the offensive started. schools like this are no longer places of learning. they are now home to dozens of families. children's classrooms now turned into makeshift bedrooms. they fear thwinter months. the people here rely on the charity of otherliving nearby to survive. as woman has seven children. along with everyone else here they face violence and hunger. >> we are victims here. we face the threat of death atan second. c be a missile or a warplane. llwe never know if we ake it tomorrow. we are only alive because of god's merc reporter: the battle for hodeidah is having a catastrophic effect on an already dire humanitarian situation. the saudi-led coalition's aim is strike a strategic, financial, and symbolic blow against the houthis. but this comes at a hllvy cost
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and o doubt leave yemen hungrier, poorer, and still at war. this is one of the last-functioning hospitals inside hodeidah. children line week -- children lie weakig fing hunger. these pictures were shot three weeks ago. yesterday, the fighting reached the hospital. those who were strong enough fled to safety. for months, aid agencies have been warning that yemen is on the brink of the worst famine in years. 100every day this offensive to news, -- every day this offensive continues, that threat looms ever closer. laura: you are watch ag "bbc world merica." still to come on tonight's program, going beyond fake news. we start a bbc series in somalia, where journalists defy danger to carry on report.
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-- reporting. an australian woman accused of starting a nationwide food scare placing sewing needles in strawberries has appeared in arresfollowing her queensland. the former fruitis farm supe was said to have been motivated by spite. searching, it was dna on a strawberry 2000 kilometers away that led to the arrest of a 50-year-old farm supervisor who migrated from vietnam. she had been working at the farm north of brisbane, and police say she was sabotaging her employer out of spite. she had been a perron of interestthe start, and is now been charged with seven cases of contamination. of the mostne trying investigations i have been part ofhe we have worked tirelessly. reporter: the first cases
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emergedqu insland after a man was taken to hospital with stomach pains while eating covers. a nine-year-old it into a needle eating the strawberry in his lunchbox. it sparked a major food scare, with many copycat crimes and false reports. >> fairly unique investigation, impacting virtually every state an institutionstralia. reporter: there were 230 reports across the country, imparying 68 strawb brands. 49 of these are queensland-based. she decimated the country's strawberry industry,orth $116 million. >> this thing escalated into basically a nuclear bomb going off. reporter: several major supermarkets withdrew the fruit, with some growers forced to dump the strawberries. police say the investigation is far from ove
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the suspect willppear in court next week and faces up to 10 years jail time. laura: today the bbc is launching "beyond fake news," tracking have this information -- how disinformation is spread and how we can stop it. it has been accused of misleading voters and causing currency flucttions. in many countries reporters risk jail and torture to expose the truth. that is the case in soma which has been ravaged by civil war. the bbc's africarg editor fe keane reports. fergal: this is the story of a young africans risking everything in the cause of trutp in ace where nearly 40 journalists have been killed in less than a decade. where many are trying to rebuild a broken nation in the face of violence and division.
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and where honest jouism calls for extreme bravery. fake news here is the same as fake news everywhere. lies masquerading as truth, propaganda being peddled as fact. the big difference is that fighting that fakery in somalia is the most dangerous job in the world of journalis the same man has been threatened by al-shabaab and government forces. he spends time trying to untangle the lies and false claims on social media, goingou every day to check his sources. have more sources, you have more information. i tried to get more different sources when an event is taking place. that is thede best way with fake news. fergal: getting the facts means horrors that can engulf somalia.
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a year ago, 500 people were killed in mogadish we traced the journey hussein made that day. >> as journalis, we can feel .hat other people fe fergal: en standing here now it is very, very dangerous. >> somalia is always very dangerous. many insecurities, and you know, journalists aremi rity in somalia. fergal: among the murdered, this woman killed in 2015 and a mother of five. as a woman journalist, she was a particular target of al-shabab.s her husband,a journalist, was killed three years earlier by the organization. today her 19-year-old sister couple'se of the orphaned children. she was the eldt daughter in our family, and i followed her examdue. when i graed, i wanted to work like her. after she died, i thought i will
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be killed like her. so i decided to give up my plans for the future fergal: but she says it is still her ambition tsomeday become a journalist. across town in a fortified hotel, a protest demanding state protection for journalists. they have come to meet the information minister. many are young women.it s a striking image of change and defiance in society. listening to the minister's promises of help is the radion. presenter huss >> every government official tells you that they are committed to protecting, and you arow every year journalist killed in somalia. feal: in the audience, the father of a journalist shot by police. he is still waiting for the state to give him answers.
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foreign correspondents like me come and go, but hussein and his edlleagues will stay here and they could be kinytime -- today, tomorrow, the day after. their courage is quite extraordinary, and i can't importance h the is not just to the story of this country but the story of a a changiica. somalia will always owe a debt to the young men and women whome struggled and mes die for the truth. fergal keane, bbc news, mogadishu. laura: stan lee was a superro in his own right, just like the characters he created. that is how the walt disney company's remembering the man behind marvecomics. lee died at the age of 95, but his creations live on like spider-man, the hulk, and the x-men. our entertainment correspondent takes a look back at his life. >> ♪ spider-man, spider-man
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reporter: in comics, in cartoons, in cinema, stan lee'si creas have captivated fans for decades. he started in publishing in the 1930's at the company that woulv eventually evointo marvel, where he helped create the characters ranging from iron man and the x-men to the black panther and others as part of tie marvel universe. stan: i would be w the stories along with the artist we were working with and we were hoping that somebody would buy the comic bos so we could keep our jobs and pay the rent and not be thrown out on the streets. ute couldver for a m have envisioned anything like what happened to these characters. >> don't make me angry.wo you uldn't like me when i'm
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angry. reporter: it is inevt able that fitv, then hollywood would come calling. and stan lee's frequent cameos a asstant on-screen reminder, he was consulted about the direction of the stories and are often imperfect stars. >> big man in a suit of armor. take thaouoff. what are >> genius billionaire playboy philanthropist. reporter: echoing their comic-book origins can they had frequent conflicts, superheroes who fought together as often as they fought each other. onstan leeof entertainment's i moortant-ever figures, was a trailblazer. stan: that is hilarious! reporter: he was the first comic-book writer to underst hd that tan behind the mask was much more interesting, much more important, than the mask itself. stan: you know, i gue person can make a difference.
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laura: stan lee, comic-book genius. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world --"bbc world are co- news america." vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ♪ >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. and pbs hes everyone discover
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theirs. anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc g >> woodrufd evening, i'm judy woodruff. : the newshour tonight, california burnie death toll rises as multiple massive wildfires rage across ate. then, several key midterm election races remain undecided. we havthe latest on recounts in florida, lawsuits in georgia and an expandingemocratic lead arizona. plus, a report on the challenges oferoviding mental health c in liberia following an ebola outbreak in the long aftermath of a brutal civil war. >> we'd go to meetings and people would acknowledge that psychosocial support is important. but mostly they were thinking about how to get mattresses and buckets and those kinds of

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