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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 16, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ [applaus s.>> and now, "bbc world n" rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washi i am rajini vaidyanathan. destruction as far as theye can see in california. 600plees left p unaccounted for. a federal house to reinstate a cnn journalist's press pass, while president trump says he is written answers to rober' mueller'questions. and he was the king of rock 'n roll. 40 years after elvis presley died, he is given america's highest cilian honor.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the number of people missing after wildfires destro town of paradise in northern california has risen to more than 600. 63 bodies have been discovered in the area, but the death tolls is expected to tomorrow president trump will travel to the state to assess the damage and meet people affected. dan johnson has the latest from the scene. dan: the smoldering ruins still refuse to reveal how many lives were lost when paradised. the official nukeer killed has slowly climbing but the latest update brought a stunnin new figure. >> the number of people we are still looking for or unaccounted for has increased to 631, and this number increased by 501 people. dan: that is because they
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checked the number of emergency calls made from people's homes intense. fire was at its mt boards like this have appearedhe aters around town with lists of people who are missing and the numbers of loved ones to contact. but this search is increasingly being conducted on social media. facebook pages are filled with stories of family members missing, friends and relatives noheard from for more than week. like jonathan's brother maurice, missing along with his wife and daughter. >> this isn't like maurice to just disappear off the face of the earth and not let anybody know. but we are still trying and we will do whatever it takes until he is found, dead or ave. dan: another body has been found. another family will get a call.l they whave their answer, but
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so many more are still waiting. dan johnson, bbc news, paradise. for more on the deadly nature of these fires, i spoke brief time ago with our coespondent dave lee, who is in parade. what is the latest on the search efforts? dave: yes, we are on the ground innaradise, and as we heard that piece, more than 600 people still accounted for and the process trying to find some of those people begins here. we are surrounded by many wreckages of houses caught in the fire, and a team ooi firefighters through each house and peeling back the roofs and making it possible forhe the dog to come in and search for bodies. it is a long process. each house is taking qome time to pick through, but with more than 12,000 structures affected in paradise alone, this is going to be a monumental task. it is certainly well underway
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now. rajini: dave, i see you have a breaing mask around your nec what are the air quality conditions like there? dave: as you can probably imagine, the area is thick with smoke, and not just in paradise as well. we drove from san francisco and in the city there are schools and businesses closed. a very quietcene where the smoke has blown from the fire that started here,ight down south into the rest of california. of course, there is still the fires raging in southern california near los angeles. this is veryuch a state that is still fighting back the flames. while that happens, the recovero must continue. what many are wondering now is for those who were lucky enough to escape this incredible scene is what is going to happen nextl many are sn shelters, many are wondering what the long-term dx is going to be for them. president trump to arrive tomorrow. the question people are asking him is what is he go do about this to make sure people have somewhere to stay.
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rani: you mentioned those shelters that people who are displaced are going to. what more can you tell us about the conditions tre? dave: shelters fill up almost immediately, the official shelters at least. what we have seen over the past week is a rather big unofficial shelter take shape in the parking lot of a walmart. we saw a tent city, you could describe it as, and a stationna for ons for food and medical supplies and everything people need in the short term to try and comfortable. as we understand it, theer unofficial shet the walmart is going to be wound up on sunday afternoon. but that does leave a great number of people at the moment with nowhere to stay. they were ld yesterday to sign up with fema, the federal emergency management agency, and they are waiting to hear what happens next as far as where they are going to be placed, at least for the ort term, and
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the long-term is the much bigger question. residents here are waiting on that news, what do we do now. rajini: dave lee, thanks very much. for more on what can be done to prevent deadly fires of this hnature, i spoke time ago with a professor from thety universi of california's department of environmental science. hank you very much for joining us. e seen the devastating impact these fires are continuing to have. in the work you do, what do you think can be done to better contain these fires? >> we can do a lot to reduce the damage of the fires. there is a lot that we are doing and can do ahead of fires. we are working with land use planters very acvely in the state, so we are working with local zoning officials on the standards for the roads, for water availability, for vegetation homes.ent around we are doing public education.
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we are promoting planning, emergency planning for families living in high fire hazard areas. and probably half of then familiesese areas that are really affected by fire have a eyusehold emergency plan where they know where ill try and reassemble, where they should try and evacuate. rajini: you talk abo of these communities that have been hit. but one of the challenges that still remains is a lot of people want to live in these areas. how can you deal with that? keith: california real estate is expensive by any standard in the world. and so one of the attractions of these foothill communities is the fact that the medium price of the home there might be $200,000. people are moving there and communing farther. retirees are moving up there. you can accommodate that te of growth if you don't simply relyn road network, which is anic hist legacy. in an area like paradise, most
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of the roads would date back to the gold rush. most of your infrastructure is the old infrastructure. paradise is facing an unusual problem in that the fire has been so devastating that the and will have to step back think about how it wants to r build. rajini: thank you aring those insights. keith: my pleasure, thank you. raji: cnn reporter jim acost is back at the white house after a federal judge ruled that his press credentials be temporarily reinstated. they were taken away after he clashed with donald trump during a press conference last week. this is hardly the first time the network and thent presi have gone head-to-head, and in response, mr. trump's press secretary said there must be decorum at the white house.r rth america editor jon sopel reports. they are hundreds of miles away, it is not an invasion. pres. trump: honestly, i think you should let me run the auntry and you run cnn. jon: it started ad tempered exchange between an angry president and provocative
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cnn correspondent. pres. trump: that's enough, put down the mic. jon: the temperature rising when the white house justified removingcosta's pass, saying he had laid hands on an intern. pres. trump: you are a rude, terrible person. you shouldn't be working for cnn. jon: and released an edited video that had beeput out by a right-wing conspiracy theory- rich website. when this was ridiculed, the white house changed isck and said i because he didn't get back the microphone. when they threatened to take away the credentials of otheo journalists re rude, cnn took legal action and all the other broadcasters joined in, including fox news, normally a cheerleader for the president. this was now about press freedom, and today in court, it was acosta 1, trump 0. >> we are extremely rueased with thng today. this is a great day for the first amendment and jourlism. we are very excited to have mr.
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acosta get his pass back in the white house. jim: i want to thank all of my colleagues in the press who supported us this week and i want to thank the judg decision he made, and let's go back to work. jon: today jim acosta was able to return to the white house. t ins topsy-turvy world, the man who is meant to report the news seemed to benjoying being the news. while the president, who has never shied away from a fight, bemoaned the lack of decorum in white house news conferences. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. rajini: for more on that spat as well as esident trump saying he had written answers to robert mueller's questions, i spoke a brief ti ago with north america reporter anthony zurcher. anthony, jon saying acosta 1, trump 0. why did the judge rule in cnn's favor? anthony: he ruled on due process grounds.
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in other words, he said there wasn't sufficient justification to take away acosta's pressti creds. basically, that was all there was to it.ot he didule on the first pamendment freedom ss grounds, just very narrowly that there were no rules and they did not give acosta a chance to there will be more hearings, more considerations to get to the merits of the case. rajini: what does this say about the current state of relations between the white house and the trump presidency and the media, which have always been pretty bad? thony: well, not good, obviously, and it is still going to stay that way. donald trump when he was asked earlier today said it wasn't a big deal, they would change practices, andf acosta misbehaves they will throw him out or just threaten to walk out of the press conference or have his people walk out of the press conference. the bigger question is, s, you cannot give press credentials to just anyone, but when you take them away, you have to have
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grounds for doing that, and you cannot do it just because you n't like what a reporter is saying. that would raise constitutionalu , that would be freedom of speech. rajini: we have some developments in the ongoing special counsel investigation. donald trump saying that he has written answers to robert mueller. what does that mean? anthony: of debate almost all year, how robert mueller would question donald trump and have he would -- how rpond. -- how he would respond. there have been talks about him rking with his lawyers f weeks to come up with answers to these questions. now you have actual confirmation from donald trump that, yes, he was working on them, although he kind of brushed it off, saying that they were very easy, not difficult, very routinely answered, he was the one who did it. the reality according to media reports was that he was sitting down for days crafs ng these answcause they are pointed and could conceivably open the president up to legal jeardy if he does not answer them well. rajini: very briefly, where does seis leave this state of the ongoing special co investigation?
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anthony: this is a big piece. we have been waiting for this for quite some time. mueller's investigation is quite tightlipped. they are not revealing what the timeline is. he is like something that feels something -- feels like something could be coming now that the midterms are over but we don't know when. rajini: anthony zurcher, thanks very much. let's look at the other news. british prime minister theresaep may has named hen barclay is the next brexit secretary. mr. barclay was previously a junior minister who supported leaving the european union. the appointment follows a string of brexit-related ministerial resignations this week. meanwhile, more conservative members of parliament say they have written letters of no-confidence in the prime mister. police in southern zimbabwe say more than 40 people have been killed after a suspected tank exploded on a bus. the accident happened over 500 kilometers south of the capital, harare. it follows a recent fatal accident involving two buses which claimed 50 lives. the first few hundred migrants c in tavan traveling through
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mexico from central america have reached the u.s. border.to many wanpply for asylum.-e but they are iipped to negotiate the u.s. immigration system. our correondent will grant has been traveling with the caravan through mexico and sent us this report. will: the u.s. is now tantalizingly close. the first members of the caravan are the border crossing in tijuana after a journey of 2500 miles. but having made it this far, many run theisk of being turned back. widespreadion is so among the migrants, most are not aware of their rights with the -- ors the bas immigration law. during their recent stop in mexico city, human rights groupr d to explain the process of gaining asylum in the u.s. the problem for many families in this caravan is that their mainr reasoneaving central america, namely that their home nations are poor and violent, e may not ugh on their own to gain asylum in the united states.
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as such, many are trying to decide whether the stories amount to what is credear among the u.s. authorities or if thg would be better off try to remain in mexico instead. a baby w born in mexico. his parents ran a bakery in el salvador, and fled after gangs began to extort them for money. they believe that qualifying for the they qualify -- they believe they qualify for asylum in the u.s. under credible fear. but samuel has been deported once and admitted he is not sure what to do next. >> i don't know what e consequences are of handing myself in. that is what i want to ask my lawyer. will: lawyers who know the u.s. immigration system fear that many migrants will aive so poorly informed that they will simply be sent back. >> we are trying to give how general informationithout giving legal advice or taking
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specific cases. but we think it is really important for people to understand their optsmns. will: a l taste of home. it has been weeks since these migrants have enjoyed these traditional wonderment turkey is tortillas.nduran cook isk is -- the migrant, too, she settled legally in mexico 30 years ago and is urging countrymen to do the same. "i don't believe in the american dream," she says. "in mexi millionaire but by working hard like i did, you can build a good life here." t still, it is dream of america keeps the migrants streaming north. only a tiny fraction of them will gain asylum in the u.s. yet with nothing to lose, most intend to try. in the hopes that th trip has not been in vain. will grant, bbc news, mexico. you are watching "bbc world news america."
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still to come on tonigh's cool $90sold for a million. this david hockney painting has broken all records for a living artist. the kilogram is one of the most widely used measurements in the world, but scientists have voted to change how it is measured. since the 19 century it has been defined by the weight of a platinum vasil interlocked in paris. but for accuracy's sake, things are changing. reporter: inside this building southwest of paris is a small platinum cylinder weighing exactly one kilogram. in fact,t is the kilogram. has been thet object by which all other kilograms in the world are measured. copies of it are kept all over the world, including at the
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national physical loratory in teddington. othisne has a more prosaic name, kilogram 18. it is hard to imagine that the entire system of international weightgl is based on a s piece of metal like this that was made 129 years ago. in all the time, it has been contaminated by the atmosphere and cleaned several times. in all will have changed ever so slightly since it was first made. >> we know from comparing the kilogram with l the copies of the kilogram around the world that there are discrepancies between these and the kilogram itself. the kilogram will definitely have changed. reporter: at a meeting in versailles, those in charge of me world's weights ansures voted to scrap it. >> the vote wasni uus yes. >> i'm a little bit sad that the kilogrbeing redefined,
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it is important and it will work a lot better after. reporter: the new system is based on the force generated by an electric current. it will be more accurate and never need to be changed again. but there will be those that will miss the little piece o metal that has defined our system of weights for so long. rajini: babe ruth, former supreme court justice antonin scalia aand elvis presley. they are not three names you often use in the same sentence. but today they were all honored with the presidential medal of freedom. in announcinawthe posthumous ds for the king of rock 'n roll, the white house said ellis -- elvis defined american culture to billions of adoring ns around the world. for more on his lasting impact,i as booker brie ago -- i spoke a brief time ago with a former editor of "billboard"
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magazine. teat to have you with us. the white house sat elvis defined american culture. how do you think he did that? bill: well, i think he defined rock 'n roll culture for a long time, d his legacy continues to, and i think you could make the argument that rock 'n roll culture, until it was displaced d definedp culture, american culture. for a man like president trump who probably is not very aware of hip-hop culture, i understas where heming from. rajini: how did he make an impression on the music scene back then and today? bill: if you are talking about specifically his musical legacyh k it would be hard to argue that almost any artist hab a moreantial musical legacy. john lennon famously said that if there was no elvis, there was no beatles, and i think if there was no beatles, there was no almost anyone else. elvis created the are of the rockstar. elvis, for reasons that are complicated, was able the blaze
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ails that desegregated n only the american music charts but to some extent america. it is hard to overstate his legacy, and on that point president trump may be correct. rajini: president trump also talked about how elvis redefined the film industry. bill: when you look at artists like prince formerly or beyonce today, the whole mission of rockstar as movie star, elvis began that. his legacy there is pretty clear. rajini: i was at graceland and i made my first there a few weeks ago, and i could see how much of an impact he has on people in america today. tell us how much of anence he has on fans decades after he died. >> i think one of the most interesting things about folks who visit graceland is their age. i saw a statistic where a surprisingumber of the folks visiting graceland are under the age of 30.
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it is clear that whether this is parents orn wher grandparents have passed on their love of elvis to the younger folks or, frankly, in the age of spotify where people are just able to discover music and find the influencers that influenced their favorite artists, it is clear that elvis remains an important figure for many generations moving forward. rajini: thank you very much for join.ti next, a pa by the british -- next, if you have got some spare change in your pocket, this story is for you. a painting by the british artist david hockney has fetched more than $90 million, breaking the record for a work sold at auion by a living painter. two bidders battled it out over the telephone before it sold for the eye-popping price. reporter: christie's, new yk, and expectations were high. the painting, hockney's "portrait of an artist (pool with two figures)" and the
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bidding began at $18 million. reporter: withiseconds, it was at $40 million. to understand why, we need to go back to the 1970's. the painting was the subject of a mous film about hockney, landmark moment in his career and his personal life. the figure in e painting was hockney's partner. it is a paintingf water and the end of a relationship. >> this one is a very personal story, because it is about his love and lost love, or love that he is about to lose. reporter: it is also the culmination of his most famous series of paintings, which after ing up in what he called the , heic a gloom of radfordbr ed the glamour of los angeles. but why they afcame so sought
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r is even to hockney something of a mystery. >> it is always interesting, how do you paint water, how do you paint something trsparent. i li to think it might be th space in the pictures. you don't know why things become memorable. if there was a formula, there would be a lot more them. reporter: back at the auction, bidding was reaching its climax. >> sold. reporter: add in the auction fee, and the final price was more than $90 million. what took david hockney two weeks of 18-hour days in 1972 has 46 years later broken all records for a living artist. had.i: what i would do if i $90 million to spa
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remember you can find more of , all of the day's news on our website. you can check us o on twitter. i am @bbcrajiniv. i am rajini vaidyanathan. thanks very much for watching "bbc world news america." have a wonderful weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way throughe news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestad helines you can trust. n do from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected need >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is lled with them. and pbs helps everthne discover eirs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: evacuees face an uncertain future, as hundreds remain missing in the aftermath of california's deadliest-ever wildfire. then, a federal judge sides with cnn in a lawsuit against the white house over the revocation of a reporter's press pass. it's friday. davidbrooks and ruth marcus break down the week's political news, as a new congress arrives in washington. and, our fall films series continues with "widows," a heist thriller with a big twist, set in chicago. >> i think we're seeing things we havinen't seen beforehis picture. the convention always has to be brokene, because otherwise, see the same film all the .

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