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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 22, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentaon is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected need and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." i am kasia madera. the u.k. and the eu agree on an
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a declaration that outlines the relationship after now theresa may faces the task of getting it through parliament. prime min. may: the negotiations are at a critical moment, all our efforts mustrke focused on ing with european partners to bring this to the final lusion in the interest o all our people. kasia:s thousands of central american migrants approachedhe united states, president trump authorizes the army to usend lethal forcehreatens to close the border. and it wouldn't be thanksgiving without the sounds, the sights, ed the balloons of the macy's parade. kasia: hello, and a very warm welcome to "world news america," coming to you from london today, as our wasngton team celebrates thanksgiving. after months of negotiations, today the u.k. and the european
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union have agreed on t political declaration on a tucument that outlines the guidelines of the relationship between london and brussels after brexit.br now thish prime ministerth is faced wit mammoth task of getting the support of parliament on the agreement. rerter: here she was again mrs. may hasn't had much to crow about lately. but months of wrangling in brussels finally delivered at least the outline of a plan to give the parliament. she couldn't wait that long. prime min. may: this is the right deal for the u.k. it delivers on the voters' the referendum. it brings back control of our borders, money, and our laws. the british people want this to be settled. they want a good deal that sets us on course for a brighter future. wthat deal hin our grasp, and i am determined to deliver it.
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reporter: so the wheels have not come off -- not yet, anyway. her critics were waiting. brexiteers, former remainers who britain is tha heading blindly into a weaker potion with no timeimit and , the opposition, all keen to stop mrs. may in her tracks. the brexit divorce deal was facing opposition on all sides already. the new deal for after brexit talks about improving and building on the customs relationship, a relationship relationship, a relationship hethat is far too close tou for brexiteers already. considering the use of new technology to avoid a hard irish border. that is on top of the customsip relationnot instead of it. rt would havec the last word on legal disputes in european law when there is any disputon any future reement. that is another letdown for the eurosceptics. and there no no guaranteeand the britain can pull out of a customs relationship if it comes about on its own initiative when
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it wants and science new trade deals. it all added up to a hard sell in the comn.ns. prime ay: the negotiations are now at a critical moment, and all our efforts must be focused on working with european cepartners to bring this p to a final conclusion in the interest of our people. reporter: the labor leader had other ideas. mr. corbyn: we have dl pages of tw reporter: he has been accused of lacking clarity.ha that was hise against mrs. may. mr. corbyn: this document could have been written twoears ago. it is peppered with p"tases like parties will explore." what on earth has the government been doing the last two years? reporter: brexiteers hated the idea of being stuck in a close customs relationship under t so-called backstop plan. >> we have a horror of being in the customs union. the horrorre of northernnd under a different regime. reporter: and a potential
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leadership contender piled in. >> we should junk forthwith the backstop upon which the future economic partnership is to be based. reporter: the prime mi met her austrian counterpart today. getting an agreement in europe has been hard, but that looks like being the easy bit. kasia: let's get reaction from the european union gavin lee has more. gavin: theresa may talked about the brexit divorce deal being in her grasp. nthey could s that deal off with the eu, and across thete it is starting to feel like it because today the political declaratiohe future between the eu and the u.k. was leaked. that will be seen by the civil service to markhamnd that's tomorrow, andby -- seehe
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civil service tomorrow, and a non-legal binding documents unlike the withdrawal agreement, ,it and from the h point of view, there is key bit talking about ending free movement of people between the u.k. and the eu and the u independent trade policy. but i think the feeling here is that there is something for everyone, but very little for anyone in particular. forle exat talks about the , british having independent coastal waters,o brexiteers say that means we can shape our own trade, and theresa may says itme actualls we can look at quotas. hthe spanish wereding out, saying they may not sign off on gibraltar. they want a final say in any agreement. theresa may last night to the prime minister and it appears from diplomats i've spoken to that the spanish think compromise esn be made. tha may arrived on saturday night. there are those saying porque? ultimately we are not being told. she is juncker. jean-claude they are pleading with her not to change ahead of sunday's
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summit, where it looks right now like the deal on brexit after 17 months might be signed off your. -- here. eekasia: gavinith the view from brussels. of course have much more on our website and we will monitor the situation this weekend. let's turn to the united states. president trump s authorized the army to use lethal force if necessary on the border with mexico. some 6000 troops have been deployed there as a caravaof thousands of central american migrants is making its way to the united states. here's the president speaking to journalists a short time ago. ump: you are dealing with a minimum of 500 serious criminals, so i am not going to let the military be taken advantage of. i have no choice. do i want thso to happen? tely not. but you are dealing with rough people.he kasia:resident speaking a few hours ago. let's speak to "the new york times" homeland security correspondent. thrk you for interrupting y thanksgiving to join us. we heard the president speaking
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about thistain terms caravan of migrants. a he right to introduce this lethal force for ty there? >> it is unclear, because they had been throwing t os figure of 500 criminals and they have not provided where the information that come from. and then there was a memo that we reported on a coupldays ago that suggested that customs and border protection officersere not really in danger from the people in the caravan. again, it is unclear if there is actually a need for the military to have this directive that leto them use lethae. kasia: you are speaking about the homeland security department sdocument talking about t minimal threat of violence.
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but when it comes to the nald trump is using, it sounds completely the opposite. ron: it do, and again, that 500 criminals in the caravan, we don't know come from.figure has they have thrown that figure out sked about it, they just say it is based on intelligence. the question we have asked, if they know there are 500 criminals in the caravan, why haven't the mexican authorities arrested them, which we have not gotten an answer t kasia: defense secretary james mattis said a few days ago when it comes to the police -- the military police not being armed. ron: that's correct. general james mattis -- former general james mattisthe arfense secretary, said the troops would not bd. heeaid based on this direct they would go to help customs officers and border patrol
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agents that came under attack, but that they would not be armed with weapons. again, it is unclear what exactly this all means. kasia: it plays well to trump supporters, though. ron: yes, this was ann tnced befo midterms, and there was a lot of attention placed oa the n coming up, talking about criminals and middle easterners being in this. but since that time ts is the most he has talked about it. it faded for aouple of days as issue. it does play to e base, but in terms of the actual threat, from what we can tell, it doesn't seem to be. kasia: ron nixon, thanks very much. ron: thank you for having . e sia: saudi arabia's foreign minister has told c that
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the kingdom is looking at ad major ogram to rebuild yemen when the war ends. speaking to our chief international correspondent lyse doucet in riyadh, he denied accusations that military operations by the saudi-led coalition were pushing ymien to . here in the u. leading the investigation into the novichok poisoning in salisbury says the amount of nerve agent und in a perfume bottle could have killed thousands of people. but we will bring that report to you shortly because we want tocl get the ive interview with chief international correspondent lyse doucet. mr. al-jubeir: the houthis use child soldiers, lay miound the country, and starve people, still funding the war they are being portrayed as the victims. lyse: the houthis are
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also rponsible for the suffering in yemen, but the u.n. says it is the saudi-led bombardment causing the great number of civilian casualties and that saudi policies including blockades and restrictions are helping to push amyemen towards a possiblee. mr. al-jubeir: we disagree with that assessment completely. we are doing everything we can to help yemen survive. we have established an office for the reconstruction of yemen. we are looking at a marshallan or yemen when hostilities end. and we are committed to giving all the funds quired. lyse: the u.s. secretary of state and secretary of defense called last mont cease-fire within 30 days. ae response of saudi arab the united arab emirates was to escalate. mr. al-jubeir: it has to do with what the houthis are doing. lyse: yo bombardment.wave of mr. al-jubeir: one of the houthi leaders a few days ago said he -- the houthis were prepared to
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sit down a talk through the efforts of the u.n. envoy. and then the next day th a missile. lyse: is saudi arabia ready to agree to a cease-fire to stop bombardment in civilian areas, including around hodeida? and the houthis will also stop firing missiles. are you willing to agree t that? mr. al-jubeir: we are in discussions about nfidence building measures. lyse: would you agree to a cease-fire? mr. al-jubeir: i'm not going to convey what we will agree to and not agree to in a television interview. with all the respect, -- with all due respect that is not how , we operate.ri we have s discussions about ending this crisis. we have worked with the yemeni government to move the process forward. every time an agreement s reached the houthis have reneged. lyse: you make it sound like saudi arabia has no responsibility for the entirety magger in crisis and suffer -- the dire humanitarian crisis
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and the suffering of theleemeni pe mr. al-jubeir: we are the biggest provider of assistance -- lyse: overshadowed by the humanitarian cost of the war. mr. al-jubeir: we have people on the ground helping the yemenis. we have people on the ground, rebuilding towrports. we are increasing capacity at yemeni ports. we are doing everything possible in order to minimize the suffering of the yemeni people. when we have a militia that is llied with hezbollah and iran, that launched more than 200 ballistic missiles at whour towns and cities we have a militiadhat has launc even more missiles at towns and cities inar yemenwe supposed to sit there and say, sorry, we are not going to do anything? kasia: saudi arabia's foreign minister speaking to our chief international correspo here in the u.k., the detective investigation into the novichok poisoning in salisbury says that the amouve of ngent found in a fake perfume bottle could have killed thousands of people.
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wthe police offic fell ill after investigating the attack on former russian spy skripal and his daughter yulia has been speaking publicly for the first time. detective sergeant nick bailey said he was petrified when doctors said he had the nerve agent in his system. reporter: salisbury. in march this year the city became the epicenter oadly attack. two russian assassins were sent to kill former russian spy sergei skripal with a lethal nerve agent, novichok. he and his daughter yulia were discovered critically ill in the city center. cebut one of the police of investigating the crime would become a victim, too. sergeant bailey: we had to make sure there was no other casualties in the house or e anything in the hoat was vital to find what actually happened. reporter: detective sergeant nick bailey was the first persop to go to the ss' home that night.
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he was wearing a full forensic suit when he entered the house, and evy thing appeared normal. sergeant bailey: once i had come 'back from the skripals'ouse, my eyes were like pinpricks, and i was quite sweaty and hot. at the time i put that down to being tired and stressed. ailey, too, had come into contact with the novichok. it is like oil sinking throughus surfaces, and it is spread by touch. just a few milligrams can kill. it only took a day for nick to realize something was badly wrong. sergeant bailey: i was very unsteady on my feet. the sweating had gone from my forehead down my back and my whole bo was dripping with sweat. reporter: must have been pretty frightening for you.3 sergeant bailey: yes, it was horrendous. reporter: he recalls the moment in hospital when he was told what poisoned him. sergeant bailey: they saidviou have this ok, this nerve
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agent in your system. reporter: what was your reaction? sergeant bailey: scared becauseu it is fairlynown, such a dangerous thing to have in your system. knowing how badly they had been affected by it, i was petrified. reporter: it took two weeks for the investigators to discover that the nerve agent was put on the front door handle of the skripals' home. but it took the death of dawn sturgess to work out how it got there. her partner, who also became ill, had found the perfume bottle used to smuggle the substance into britain. officers say it contained a significant amount of novichok which could kill thousands of people. did it help you when younew it had been on the door handle and you didn't know that when you entered the house? sergeant bailey: it helped me in some way. at that point i knew it was not something i've done wrong which was a big thing for me.
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such an outrageous, dangerous way of doing something, it angered me as well. reporter: but nick, the skripals, and arlie rowley all survived the attack carried out by russian officers. it is unlikely they will ever appear in a british court. sergeant bailey: i said all along i want to walk out of hospital with my wife, which we did in the end, and to be able to do th after weeks of going through what we went through was incredible. kasia: that was sergeant nick bailey speaking exclusively toja corbin. now to the united states. rescue efforts continue in california, where over 800 staff are working through theng thanksgioliday. they are working to help identify the remains of those killed in the wildfires that struck the region earlier this month. more than 560 people still remain unaccounted for, with 86 people confirmed dead. for those who have been
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displaced by the fires, ngos and ical charities have ralli shows of support. joing us from a shelter in gridley is a red cross spokesperson. steve, i know you are one ofar those whhelping out with all of those people who have gone through so much ois period. steve: yeah, we are here. we have six shelters. the d cross has six shelters that are currently open. everyone is nd of enjoying a slower, quieter day. we are serving thanksgiving meals to everybody throughout the day and continuing to care for these folks as much as we can until they can transition to whatever their next step may be. kasia: given that so many people are still unaccounted for, how b are peopring up? steve: surprisingly well, i will say. i've been here since the first day and everyone seems relatively even-keeled and calm. they are willing to talk. all the red cross you go around and ask how they are doi, they
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will tell you thr evacuation story or they might tell you their life story. for the most part everyone seems relatively calm. kasia: how have you rallied sotogether thanksgiving fo many people? steve: with assistance, that's for sure. so much of what we do we depend on partners and for today's meal we are depending on the salvatn army. and another organization that doing the feeding for us. kasia: who is doing the cooking? steve: they are. the red cross does not cook meals, but we ve partner organizations and every time we respond to a daster, they do the cooking for us. it is done on-site usually and they feed people through the day. kasia: when you hear the stories yopeople share with you, d find that they want to go back to their properties, they wa to rebuild? how are they coming across? steve: right now i think the biggest question is when. people definitely want to see their property to see what their status is of tomes, and throughout the days we have people meeting with themo
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discuss their options. but definitely i think the biggest question -- i think everyone pretty much knows the status of their homes, but for the most part they want to see it with their own eyes. kasia: steve walsh from the red cross, wishing you a very happy thanksgiving, given the circumstances. we wish you th course all the people you are helping. steve: thank you. kasia: you are watching "bbc world news america." lots more still to come on tonight's program, including the erbbc speaking to the formirst daughter chelsea clinton about her parents d a possible future in polics. the head of the russian military intelligence agency has died at the age of 62. the general is said to have died after a serious illness. he faced criticism from the kremlin following the gru'il attempt to kill former spy sergei skripal and his daughter in salisbury.
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reporter: he was 62. he joined what was sovietli military intnce in the mid-1980's and worked his way up the ranks to become head of russian military intelligence in 2016. the russian defense ministry said he died after a long, extended illness, and described him as a loyal son of russia, a sotriot, and a wonderful p n but this has not b wonderful year for the tiorgani of which he was in charge. a series of what appear to havea been botched oons has the rust the formerly secretive spy agency into a very public view, and raised questios about the meand the activities of the gru. kasia: you are watching "world news america." concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have reached a new record high in 2017. the warning comes from tte world
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ological organization, which says we are in danger of missing our last chance tackle climate change. our science correspondent pallab ghosh reports. pallab: the world is warming because the amount of sun gases in the earth's atmosphere has been steadily increasing since the industrial revolution. these so-called greenhouse gases are now at record levels. higher than they have been for 3 million years. >> it's extremely critical to take action now and not wait until we have the wonderful solution, because if we do not do it now, all of these gases will sy in the atmosphere for thousands of years and there is nothing we can do about that. pallab: since 1990, concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased by 40%.in hat time, levels of co2 increased sharply to 400 parts per million. the last time the concentrations were so high, the planet was between two and three degrees
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carmer. computer models in that that warming is likely to be repeated, resulting in damaging and irreversible climate change. a group of britain's leading scientists has calle radical action. ti i think it is transparent that we need subst transformation across all parts of society and industry, industrial sectors. we need transformation to our energy productio move transport towards electrification more rapidly, we need to be thinking about removing carbon dioxide and putting itnder the ground, so carbon capture and storage. we need to see change across every sector. pallab: at a time china and india are growing their economies, net emissiof co2 will need to be zero by 2050 to prevent damaging climate change. a two-degree rise means that the world will have no coral.
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the message to political leaders when they meet in poland next month is that time is running out. pallab ghosh, bbc news. kasia: former first daughter chelsea clinton has spoken about her parents' roles in office. in an interview with radio 4, ms. clinton was named one of bbc's 100 women and says she has no immediate plan to run for office, but has not ruled it out in the future. sheo aflected on the difference between her parents' political journeys. chelsea: it would be disingenuous to say that her achievements were given the same clear-eyed assessment as my dad's were. i remember in arkansas in the 1980's there was tremendous pressu for my mom to change her name from hillary rodham to hillary rodham clinton, which she ultimately did because ito seemedr like such a silly fight and to move that out and focus on the work she felt
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called to in the public advocacy she was engaged in. i think it illustrates how not that long ago absolutely the expectations, at least publicly, outside of our family, were very diffent for my mom vs. my da no one was asking him to change his name.rs kasia: former daughter chelsea clinton. 0 e has been named one of this year's bbc men. you are watching "bbc world news america," a special edition. we are broadcasting from london because the washington tm is celebrating thanksgiving, and nothing says thanksgivg like the annual macy's parade in new york. it has been over a century since the department storerganized the event, and it handgotten biggeretter. happy thanksgiving. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay us-to-date with the latest headlines you cat. download now from selected app stores.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour produions, llc >> yang: good evening, i'm john yang. judy woodruff is off. on the newshour tonight, facebook under fire-- controversy surrounds the social media giant as company executives reveal they knew more than they first acknowledged. then, how farmers view the trump administration's ongoing trade disputes and agriculture plus, the young man who could become the first american to wi rld chess championship in more than fod, decades. an making sense of the economics of the first thanksgiving n visits plimoth plantation, for a financial perspective on america's early immigrants. >> so often we think of the pilgrims symbolically, we don't look at their everyday business
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liveand realize that their

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