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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  November 23, 2018 3:00pm-4:00pm PST

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening. i'm john yang. judy woodruff is off. on the "newshour" tonight, a new report paints a dire picture of the effect of climate change over the next century and pushes back against skeptics. then, the war in yemen has left more tn 80,000 children dead over the last three and a half years and now the country is on the edge of famine. it's friday. david brooks and ruth rcus discuss the president's public spat with the chief justice, the politics otroops on the border and more. and we continue our fall fms series with a look at the drama "green book"-- a road trip across the racial landscape of the jim crow south. >> when you have two people who are that different and they find
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themselves in a confined space for a long enough time they can have a positive and evolving effect on one another. >> yang: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs wshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. >> consumer cellular believes
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station from viewers like you. thank you. >> yang: the giternment issued most dramatic report yet about climate change today and it came with a dire warning. scientists said the country is already feeling major effects of climate change and it has already cost the united states hundreds of billions of dollars. the report, which was issued by 13 federal agencies, also highlights how climatehange is expected to have a significant impact on the future of the economy. the report links extme events like hurricanes maria and harvei and longer, moense, more frequent wildfire seasons out west with climate change. and scientists say there's more to come. the continental u.s is already 1.8 degrees warmer than it was a century agand the temperature may rise by another 2.3 degrees by 2050. unless more is done, all told
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the risks and impact of climate change are expected to shrink the u.s. economy 10% by century's end. david easterling of noaa, which released the report, suggested in a media call that climate change would damage the untry's infrastructure, economy, and human health. >> that global average remperature is much higher and is rising apidly than anything modern civilization has experienced and this warmingon trend ca be explained by human activities especially >> yang: while almost no one will esce the effects of imate change, scientists say under-served and lower-income americans as well as coastal communities will feel the brtet most immed. >> future generations can expect to experience and interact with nareral systems in ways that much diftoday without significant reductions ino tfee greenhouse gas emissions, extinctions and transformative impacts on some ecosystems cannot be avoided. >> yang: the assessment contrasts starkly with the views
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and policies of president trump who often denies or dismissesle the ro of climate change. today, scientists dodged the question of whether the white house pushed to have the report released on the afternoon after thanksgiving. with me now is michael oppenheimer of princeton university. he's a professor of geosciences and international affairs at princeton's woodrow wilson school and he was a lead author of separate international climate reports issued by the united nations. mr. oppenheimer, thanks so much for joining us. >> thanks for ving me what's the most significant thing to you about this report?e >> well,laring headline message is that climate change is here, it's hap now.ng, it's americans are already paying for it.e theyreadying suffering from it. it's not an abstract problem that may come on decades into the future. the secondponent about that is, ll, you can look on your tv
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screen and see it almost eve day,ealifornia burning up du the wildfires. over the lascouple of months hurricanes wreaking havoc on the gulf and atlantic coasts, those were problems mae worse by climate change, already, an it's only goingo intensify as we go into the coming decades unlessns we get emissf the greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide under control. another clear message is the world is interconnected. if ts u.sfers from crop yield declines due to too much warming, then people go malnourished in africa. if an electronic component supplier in thailand is disrupted due to flooding, t our electronics industry that has to assemble the parts into a commercial product suffers and money is lost. the third message, wich is really the most important one, is that we are way behind th eight ball, we're not doing enough to cut these emissio d bring the problem under
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control and we're not doing enough to build our resilienceth to inevitable impacts of olimate change, in other words, we're doing littledapt to the risk. therethis is a big problem. ere's a big gap between what the government promised to do, fo instance in the paris agreement, and what they're implementing, and there's a gap between the paris agreement and what the countries would reao y have to bring the problem under control. >> the current person pulled out eement, ais agr president who has been skeptical about climate change, he tweeted earlier this week talking about a cold snap a lot of the country is going through now saying whatever happened to global warming. yotalked about the stark language in this report. was there a warning shot at skeptics of climate change? >> i think the skeptics really aren't the factor anymosc.
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nce is so compelling and the nsequences have been so vivid that, in a way, this is liberated to allow sciinentists these kind of assessments to really say what i think's been on their minds for th whole time. i think the scientific community, while it's ne a yeoman's service, has also, to a certain degree, been little timid. and in this report, in the report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change a coupls of wago, you see the clear messages coming throughhi unvarnished, uen by fancy scientific language. they're calling it like it is for a change. y talked about the promises of the paris accord, some stanton heights roo trying to go it on their own even though the federal government pulled out, is that enough for have had states to have efforts? >> this report goes out of its way to note the vir strong efforts se states and other
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localities are making, bot eon thmissions reduction front and in trying to adapt to the risk, but it'sot enough. an uncoordinated response taking place in hundreds or even thousands of states and localities just will never geo usere we need to go. this is a problem which needs national leadership, an thaact's y what's missing in the trump administration response atich is basically a yaw this point. but it's also true that other countries really have to step up, do all they can on the emissions reduction front and on the adaptation front to make their population safe. very few countries are doing as much as needs to be done right now. >> yang: the reporalso seems to take a special note or a special warning that the effects ae uneven. the poor communities are going to be aected more according to the report and coastalie communwill be adversely affected more, according to the report. >> well, forhe poor, it's
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really a double whammy, unfortunately. first of al, they don't have the resources to build the resilience and combat the possible impacts of climate change, and, secondly, a lot of the poorest communities are where the climate change veally going to hit the worse, so they get the worst effects and can't defe temshves elaitancage, nsthn southeasart of the united states where incomes lag according to the home country is going to suffer extreme heat and midity, reductions in labor productivity and consequences along the coast. even in relatively wealthy areas of the southeast, let's take miami, a well-built-up area, you're seeing coastal floodingsn knot jus hurricanes but on the daily tidal cycles. they're getting flooding in the streets all the time. this kind of flooding called
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nuisance flooding happened five, ten times a year, now 30 to 40 times a year, due to sea level rised caused by global warming. >> yang: michael oppenheimer, princeton university, thank you very much. >> thank you. y g: in the day's other news: millions of americans spent this "black friday" swarming stores and scouri websites for deals. the tech firm "shoppertrak" estimates today's sales will hit $23-billion. lithat's up more than $2-bon from last year. c across thentry, retailers saw the annual rush of shoppers burst through their doors before sunrise, scrambling fordi ounts. near birmingham, alabama, an argument between two men at a llll ended in gunfire. police shot and ki the suspected shooter. an 18-year-old and a 12-year-old bystander were wound witnesses took cover in nearby stores. >> everybody screamed and everybody ran. people ran, like, mountain high, people ran everywhere. they have supply closets weere theythe shoes and stuff at d they justgh pushed us all in there and then they opened the escape doors
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wherever they are. >> yang: authorities are still trying to determine if the shooting waso relatedlack friday" or a separate dispute. oil prices have pllometed to theist level in more than a year. that triggered a sell-off on wall street today, as investors feared t supply could the demand. the dow jones industrial average lost more than 178 points to close at 24,285. the nasdaq fell 33 points and the s&p 500 slipped 17. heavy rains in california have now extinguished 95% of what was the nation's deadliest wildfire in a century. the camp fire killed at least 84 people and incinerated some 19,000 buildings. with the fire almost out, butte county is working to locate the more than 560 still missing. a pair of deadly attacks rocked pakistan today. 35 people died when a bomb hit open air market in the northwestern part of thetr couny, near the afghan border.
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most of the victims were minority shiite muslims. it came hours after armed separatists targeted the chinese consulate in karachi. two civilians, and two police officers died in an hour-long shootout. prime minister imran k commended the officers for prenting more fatalities. >> ( anslated ): no staff member of the chinese embassy has been harmed in any way. our security fthces arrived on scene very quickly, and neutralized the attackers. ifhey had managed to get i there could have been a very big tragedy. so, today, we are also laung our security forces >> yang: chinese officials condemned the attack and said it would not affect the relationship with pakistan. meanwhile in afghanistan: a suicide ast at an army base has killed at least soldiers. the bombing occurred as people gathered for friday prers at a mosque in the eastern khost province. 57 people were wounded and taken to a nearby hospital. there was no immediate claim of
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responsibility for the attack. the trump administration asked the supremcourt today to fast track a series of cases on the president's ban on someen tranr people serving in the military. the move would leapfrog federalo appeals courtsave yet to rule on the issue. lower courts have blocke policy from going into effect. the supreme court typically does not take cases until after an appeals court has ruled. and hillary clinton has calledle on europeaers to curb mass-migration to the continent, to stop the spread of right-wing populism.wi in an intervie "the guardian" published today, the former democratic presidential candidate and secretary of state warned, "if we don't deal with the migration issue it will continue to roil the body polic." she said that is what "lit the flame" for racist political ideologiesn europe. clinton's comments sparked outrage and confusion from imgration activists and european lawmakers, who cited clinton's long track record of welcoming immigrants.
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still to come on the "newsho," yemen teeters on the brink of famine as a result of the saudi- led war; david brooks anruth marcus break down the week's political news; we go behind tho scenesthe new film, "green book;" and much more. >> yang: today in yemen, the u.n.'s special representative called for a cease fire in the critical port of hoedeida. for three and a half years, a saudi-led coalition, with u.s. support, has waged war against houthi rebels in yemen. the u.n. says 10,000 people have been killed, but admits it stopped counting years ago because a reliable count simply isn't possible. as nick schifirin reports,arhe y "save the children" has released a shocking,00ew number: 85hildren killed.he >> reporter:ewhour has reported often from yemen and
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highlighted the plight of young yemeni children, so mawhom are isolated, besieged and arving. and a warning: the images we will show you during this segment are hard to watch. but this is the realithis war, and to talk about the astonishing and horrifying number of children killed, i turn to greg ramm, the vice president of save the children's humanitarian response. this number is not based on death certificates. it's an analysis. how did you get to 85,000? >> save the children has workedr for years and on humanitarian crises around the world. we know what happens when children suffer from severe acute malnutrition andleft untreated. their bodies waste away, their organs fail. they either starve to death or when disease strikes them,rh di, other diseases, their bodies can't resist because their immune systems have collapsed. so, we know the numbers.ca thulus is very clear if you have a certain number of children with severe, acuteha malnutrition tt's left
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untreated, a certain percentage will die. and it's based on those calculations and the understanding of the a unt of the crisis in yemen that has led us to this conclusion. >> reporter: did any of the conditions, that lead to tho medical crises, exist before th gan? >> sure. so, yemen has always suffereder from p, but the health clinics functioned.nc the economy oned. even where there's poverty, people, usually parents, find a way to scrape enough food together to keep their children alive.yo and socan suffer from chronic malnutrition. s,but when the conflict co when the economy collapses, when humanitarian assistance can't get through, then you wind up with children having severe,ut acute mation and the consequences are dire. >> reporte you just mentioned humanitarian assistance not getting through. in your latest report, you say that because of the fighting, food that used to takek to arrive, now takes three weeks.
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will conditions just continue to get worse? >> circumstances are certainly getting worse. the port of hodeida, the city of hoedaida is being bombed. other parts of the country are in conflict from the civil war. it makes getting humanitarian assistance through very, very difficult. where assistance gets through, more is needed. but with so many millions of people in need of humanitarian assistance, so much more needs to be done both efforts to stop the conflict itself, so that and also to allow unfettered access to humanitarian assistance to everybody in need.ou >> reporter:ust mentioned hodeida, the port that received the majority of assistance that flows into yemen. the u.s., the saudi-led coalition, and the houthis have been talking recently about a cease fire in hodeidah. t you've actually seen a increase in the fighting? >> in recent days there has been an uptick in fighting.ha very oftencan happen just on the eve of a cease fire. so we continue to hold out hope
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for a cease fire, we continue to call on all parties to the conflict to put down their arms and to find a diplomatic solution to the crisis. without a cease fire, it is very, very diffilt to get thet assistance thaildren so desperately need. >> reporter: a cease fire is exactly what the u.s. is calling for. how important is it to find a political solution? >> any conflict that is the that is the solution. military victory rarely comes in a situation like this. this has been a protracted civil war. i can't imine any other solution other than a political solution. but if the conflict continues and it continues in this protractedtate year after year we will continue to see tens of thousands of children die. >> reporter: so in that sense, is further famine preventable? >> well, it is a severe hunger is preventable and assifications and famine is preventable is preventable even in conflict. if all the parties allow humanita through.tance to get children are not parties to the
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conflict. children do not need to suffer. , even in times of war if international humanitarian lawed is respef the parties to the conflict allow that edsistance to get through famine can be preve if not, if food is used as a weapon of war then all bets are off and children will die. >> reporter: here in the u.s., there is a l of blame on the houthi rebels, who are backed by iran, for the humanitarian problems.ar buyou seeing blocking of humanitarian assistance, from both sides? >> there is, there is challenges on it throughout yemen.si part of that ily due to the conflict. but part of that also is due to administrative complications. just the process of moving food or other assistance or keeng healthcare, health clinics open and running, it is complicated throughout yemen and we would call on all parties tota faci humanitarian assistance, so that those in need can get it >> reporter: this challenge is so large, and some of these
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images so horrifying. what would you say to our viewers, who want to somehow help, but might not know how? >> well, the two things that are most important, one is that there are save thehehildren and agencies are on the ground. we are providi health care, we are helping keep clinics open, we are providing food, we are working with familieand communities to protect children from harm. we are working to keep schooca open where wso the children continue to learn.el moreis needed, and certainly we would-- save the children and other agencies would welcome that support. the second is that tld must call on the warring parties. pressure must be put so that so that a cease fire can take place and so that peace can be negotiated. y>> reporter: thank you fr time.
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>> yang: and to the analysis of brooks and marcus. that's "new york times" columnist david brooks and "washington post" columnrcus.is th david, rut thank you for coming in and joining us. the president, judging by social medi has been spending thanksgiving worrying a lotningo through shut it down, close it al altogether, railing against the migrants movorth. david, what's going on? is this just base maintenance here or what's going on? >> i'm going with buste had buster! looks like teddy roosevelt tweeting up san juan hill. but you have to remember the actual mlitary troops including sebeetary mattis will not carrying weapons, theyinill be he background somewhere in a supportive role, which is a null and void role, basically. so i'm pretty sure the president -- i can understand mhy he's upset, there's been
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more illegal igration under his term than president obama, buttettes hard to believe th administration, after the sprieftion families, wants more bad pictures coming out of the worrieder, so i'm asonably confident this is mostly bluster and they will find a solution. >> this is bluster, i get to sai it, too,th a little purpose, though probably not a very effective one, which is the congressional lame duck session has begun, and there is funding bills to be done, as there are at this time of yetar, i seems, every year, and the president still hasn't gotten, after twoye s in office, what he insisted he was going to get from mexico after he he was eled which was the wall, so a little bit of the bluster is t trying to raise the prospect of th government showdown. that would not make a lot of sense when the house and the senate and the presidency are all controlled by the same party. if you're shuttinmedown the gove in that situation,
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you're not doing very well. but that's a little bit of shutdown the border rhetoric we're seeing now as well. >> yang: you're saying we need to get a deal now that includesl money for the he said it every time and, every onme, it doesn't happen. >> to me, the ques sha's anything changed because of the election. has his mood, his emotional state changed? so, previously, there's a pretty good method he would bluster his way toward something and then therdwould be some ba press and he would quietly backtrack where he would send something out there you don't really have, send a policy out there and there is no policy. the question becomes, he's rattled and angered by the election and everybody else around and something's changed. so far there's been no evidence his mental stte has change. >> he doesn't seem to be doag very good job of accepting the reality that, yes, he and his
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pay suffered a fairly massive and near historic defeat in the house and, while tve slightly ex panned their senate majority which is important, that's e piece of reality he hasn't taken in and that might affect his mood. the is also the looming mueller situation, and this report does come from a while ago, so maybe the mood has been bad for a while, but the repor about arguing that we should have prosecutions of hillary clinton and prosecutions of jim comey don't suggest a president with a great moog:d. >> yhe lest of people that the president has publicsp s or feuds with in social media grew this week. john roberts, the geoff justice, responded to something the president said and thees ent, the famous counterpuncher punched back. ruth, you covered the supreme court. how unusual is this john roberts would do this ia public way and what does this mean that these two people are going at it
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in public now? >> it's remarkable. presidents get into fights with the superior courts not all the time, but on a regular basis. richard nixon ran against the warring court when he ran for ouesident. president obama fay criticized the justices to their face over the citizens uned decircumstances and president trump criticized the court and justice roberts in particular in the past. what's really unusual and you have to stretch back to well before i covered the court and to the new deal is to have the court bite back. when f.d.r. was trying to do his court packing plan, the chief justice helped torpedo the plan er tonding a critical le the clinic. they didn't have either twitter or probabla court officer to spond these days. the fact that the chief justice could not be a more differenta human being n president trump, you have two polar opposites and ed --lities,y his is who styoran he was judiciary before he wasa
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judge, the chief justice human being. the fact that htochose respond to the president's assault on judges, 9th circuit judges, obama judges just suggests how alarmed he is, and by the president's behavior and how out of the ordinary president's behavior is. th>> what's interesting isy weren't arguing about a case, and if justiceer rob responded about a decision i think that would be out of bounds, it wasfe just ding the idea of an independent judiciary. justices normal will do that, and i do think it's important to maintain the truth, at least the three-quarters truth, that there are no such thing as obama a bush judges. there are conservatives and liberals and it's true the supreme court voes more on party line than they used to but it's still not totally true they're political appointees. they do have some sense ofd independence, st of the cases 5-4 are not strict
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republican-republican faces. maintaining that in public seems to be tremendously important if we're to respect deciifsions. rump wants to delegitimize the court by sa ying it'sst like congress, that undermines the cdibility we should bay parkway to judicial judgment. >> yang: the fact punched back against somebody like john roberts who is not a liberal justice, does that threen his base with the republicans? >> no, i wouldn't think so. it's ofa piece which means the only kind of power he acknowledges is personal not institution powell we are, and the idea that the attorney general or a judge hasme independent mandate to do conbs tutional roll, that's not part of his mental vocabulary, so it's are you loyal or not lol to me. i don't want to get hysterical, but if you look at how gimes decay across the world from democracy tom, authoritarian this is a classic thing hapens
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in almosery case where the inns hughesle power devolves back to persol power and you return to the all rule of the clan. >> yang: the president is again questioning the intelligence community when they say the crown prince of ud oabi sas arf columnist of jamal khashoggi and saying he's not going to do anything to punish saudi arabia. what do you make of this? >> shameful is one thing i make of it. we take this pretty personally at "the washington post." oftake it personally, the notion that the presidenhe united states would come out and say, well, maybe he did and maybe he didn't, when the intelligence community hased conclhat very, very likely he did, ancl when it'r that the saudis have lied about what happened to our columnist jamal khashoggi all along the way is --ettes one thing to reject the findings of
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the intelligence community when it comes to russian intervention in the election, but then to reject it on something like this and then to sort of resort to the kinds of things he has said abtht president putin, well crown prince denied it vehemently, well the if you vehemently deny somthento etaddt he dd or di the saudi relationship, the notion it is wro on the facts but the notion that we would be sack fights billions of dollars and hundreds of thousands of jobs is just not rigthht. notion that the saudis have so much control o veoil prices and oil supply is just not right. it's very outmoded, but it's also wrong on the values.
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it is not consistent witham ican values or american interests to have this kind of litique that the president adds this to put america first. ca first.putting ame >> yang: the saudis are using the president's words in their own defense. intelligence agencies respond to presidents, they see how the president uses their material a and president goes against them, they face a tendency to write a report in the future that gives the president an out, because they don't want to run up against the president and that degrades pre intelligence est. the second thing i think is foundationally wrong is why do people serve in the milary, the state department, the government? they don't do it so we casell more weapons, so there can be t re suites rented oute trump hotels. they do it because they he values believe in of the country and want to
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spread those values. you have a nakpoticsobviously ey president makes calculations, but this is naked we don't car about values, we care about money, that is a gigantic demotivater for anybody serving in the military or our government oversees and that's why the rial poll teak doesn't work. >> it sends a badsinal internally, it sends a bad signal and perhaps nor importantly externally to our allies and adversaries about what we will and will not tolerate and do and do notta snd for. >> yang: the final election to have the 2018 midterms comes tuesday, mississippi, a runoff in the senate racees. ent trump is going down there for two stops monday. why is this so importa to the republicans? >> if you lose mississippi, that is sort of an embarrassing thing. it's like losing berkeley if d you'remocrat, i guess.
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he's going down there. she notes teatest candidate by a long shot in the world. i would be shocked if this we to the democrats, in part, because it is mississippi, in pabe, frankly, and i may unpopular for saying this, there are a lot of amerio ns te political correctness, 80% of americans say it's a major problem, and if somebody says something that's completely racist, i think americans will say, like judge r moore, that's unacceptable, but what she said about the hanging, that, to me, is rt of borderline. >> i understand the argument about it being borderline, though ioyou sa smething stupid, you may want to apologize a little more fully than she did. it was fascinating the number of jor companies who withdrew -- pretty much knowing she was going to remain the senator for mississippi, withdrew their support for her, wal-art, aetna, pfizer, others. but to your question of why ut matters, because there's a big difference in the senate. won't affect senate conitrolt
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still matters because having 53 votes is a litetter than g having 51 or 52 votes because it actually goes back to judges. if you don't have to worry about susan colns or lisa murkowskis of the world, you don't have to have confirmation to slow down your coffin motion of judges. >> that's it. thank you so much. >> yang: stay with us. coming up on the newshour, thete barefoot ca discusses her life and culinary career; inside the new trend of plogging-- running ile picking up trash; and singer songwriter nathaniel rateliff talksbout his music. now our fall film series concludes withhe true story of two men-- a black classical pianist and his white driver-- and their journey through the segregated south.
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jeffrey brn is still at the movies for us. >> reporter: it's a familiar premise: two people, different as could b take to the road together. >> i've never had fried chicken in my life. >> i lied chicken. u >> reporter: but the particulars are new-- and true. this gentleman says i'm not permitted to dine here. arrelly, bestr known previously for over-the- top romps like "there's something about mary," "du dumber" and "shallow hal," recounts the initial pitch that won him over. >> true story about a blackco ert pianist named don shirley-- 1962, lived above rnegie hall and his reco company was sending him on a tour of the south. and he was afraid of going so he hired a bouncer from theba copa, like the toughest bouncer-- an italian guy, fifth grade education, racist himself, to drive him through the south
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and i id, it's a hfoomerun. >> reporter: mahershala alar an academy winner for his performance in "moonlight," stars as don shirley. >> don shirley really likes tony from the jump, even in his inappropriateness, because he looked at him as almost like a case study, like he waed to observe tony lip. >> reporter: viggo mortensen, known for "lord of the rings" anmany other films is his driver: tony lip. >> he just says what's on his miav. he doesn'tmuch of a filter. >> reporter: their relationship- - despite initial apprehension-- drives the film. >> you know this is pathetic, right? tell me what you're trying to say. >> i don't know. you know. i miss it. >> then say tha >> reporter: the movie's title
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is taken from the actual "green el guide used by african americans to find welcoming hotels and restaurants in the era of segregation. ali learned of the book wo ting film. were you surprised to learn about it? i >> i wasn't aware but i think it just-- the way in i wasn't surprised to learn about it.te >> reporter: mon's learned of the guide through a popular children's book. >> it showed how there were certain gas stations they couldn't go to, certain places they couldn't eat and they had to just look at this book all the time just to staof troue. >> reporter: here men of different races must find places to eat and sleep in the jim crow south. >> there are certain things that we didn't know about. or at least i didn't know. and i think people will learn things about that time and-- >> the sundown laws for instance. it wasn't across the across the board everywhere throughout the south, but there were curfews.e and if you wack and out and it was dark you would get arrested. >> reporter: yeah. >> just for being on the seet. >> reporter: in this early scene over their first shared meal the tensions and differences-- not only over race, but class and
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education-- are apparent. >> how is that? salty. have you ever considered becoming a food critic? >> no. not really. why? is there money in it? >> i'm just saying you have a a more marvelous >> such opposites. the concert pianist has ve doctorates. the other guy's got a fifth grade education, he's a racist. >> reporter: and fists? >> he's got streetmarts but he's got-- that's it. that's his only smarts and the other guy's brilliant. >> reporter: the son of an episcopal priest and a school teacher, don shirleydorew up well-tn pensacola florida, and dreamed of becoming a classical pianist. at 18 he had his solo debut with the boston pops. ebut the american color l excluded him from a classical career. owstead shirley created hi musical niche blending jazz, cabaret,pirituals and chamber
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music into his repertoire. he wrote seval symphonies, cut many albums, performed around the country, including in the deep south. ♪ ♪ as in all road films the car-- in this case a cadillacoupe deville-- and time driving around in it are crucial. >> the fact that they started from two very different places and by the end of the film have- - there's a hesion and a respect for each other >> reporter: respect that eventually finds shirley dictating letters tony sends t his wife back in the bronx. >> put this down. lling in love with you was the easiest thing i've ever done. >> nothing matters to me but you and every davei'm alii'm aware of this. >> reporter: it's a friendship made possible by the intimate n of being on the road. >> they both kind of allow themselves to hear the other
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person eventually which is... tobut they allow themselve actually hear what the other person is saying which is the beginning of you kn,w, communicathe beginning of being able to put yourself in the other person'syohoes. >> whehave two people who are that different and they find themselves in a confined spaceh for a long enome they can have a positive and evolving effect on one another. >> repter: although the "green book" tells a historical story in at times comiform, all involved saw it speaking to our own times. >> as bad as things are, and they're bad right noy can get better. and this is a good example of how they get better. when people listen to each other anlearn from each other an realize ultimately we're all the same. >> reporter: green book opens nationwide this week. for the pbs newshour, i'm jeffrey brown at the toronto international film festival. y
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g: now we visit one of the most successful, prolific womene in america--reative force behind "the barefoot contessa" cookbooks and tv shows. william brangham went to see ina garten at her home on long island, new york and has this second look at her life and reer. >> this is what i get to do for a living. isn't it unbelievable?ep >>ter: it's fantastic. ina garten is one of the most famous and beloved cooks in america today. better known as the barefootes cosa, she sits atop a culinary empire built on her best-selling cookbooks, with hollions of copies sold, a string of hit tv... >> just because it's a weeknight dinner doesn't mean it has to be boring. >> reporter: ...and a legion of devoted fans. >> this is my little secret garden. >> reporter: we visited garten at her home and headquarters in east hampton, new york. we talked in the huge barn she had built next to her house that's now herffice, test kitchen and tv studio, all in one. >> this is wre the show is shot, and this is where we test
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recipes. and every morning, i walk acss the lawn and i meet the two people, barbara and lidey, who work with me. and we just go, okay, what are we going to do today? >> reporter: that's the extent of your commute? >> that's my commute. ( laughs ) it's like 100 yards, i think, maybe less, maybe 50. >> reporter: pretty amazing. >> it's pretty azing. i usually just put it right in the middle. >> reporter: garten's career began 40 years ago. but, at firs she gave no hint as to how she'd evolve. in the 1970s, newly rried to husband jeffrey, garten was a budget analyst in washington, d.c. >> i was working at o.m.b., office of management and budget. >> reporter: for the federal government? >> yes, for ford and carter. and i worked on nuclear energy. poli how's that for precedent for the food business? >> reporter: it makes no sense whatsoever. ( >> i ran from it. and by the late '70s, i thought, i have been working here for four years, and nothing has ppened. and i just didn't feel like i had any impact on anything. d i hit 30, and i thought, "i want to do what i want to do." and i thought, "want to be in the food business." >> reporter: one day, she saw an ad for a special food store
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for sale in the hamptons, the exclusive beach destation for new yorkers. >> i went home and i told jeffrey about it, and d, pick something you love to do. if you love doing it, you will beeally good at it. and so i made her a very low offer, the woman who was selling it, thinking, "well,ll come back. we will negotiate." we drove back to washington. i was in my offi the next day and the phone rang. and she said, thank you very much. i cept your offer. and i just remember going, "oh ( bleep )." ( laughs ) >> reporter: what have i gotten myself into? >> what have i done? >> reporter: and that was it? >> that was it. two months later, i was behi the counter of a specialty foods store, trying to figure it out. >> reporter: the store she bought was called the barefoot contessa. that was the nickname of the prior owner. it was 1978, and this was garten's vy first job in the food industry. so, had you been a cook before? >> no. >> reporter: not at all? >> i'd never worked in a store. i never worked in a restrant. i mean, i cooked at home, but that's not really the same thing.
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i enught myself how to cook i worked in washington using julia child's cookbooks. y >> reporter: a have had no training beyond that? >> no, no. >> reporter: that's amazing.ou >> thank >> reporter: the store was a smash, and later moved to abi gger location in east hampton.te 18 years, she sold the store and tried her hand at a new venture. in 1999, the barefoot wntessa cookbo published, and it quickly became a bestseller. nine additional books have followed, each a bestseller. all contain her trademark simplc and accessiblees. >> i think that i had a very clear vision when i started writing cookbooks what i wanted it to be, and that you would phen the book, that you would look at the photognd go, "that looks delicious." and then you would look at the recipe and say, "i can actually make that and i can make it with ingredients i can findthe grocery store." i don't think that's changed at all. >> reporter: having taught yourself how to cook, does that inform the recipes that end up in yr book, because you're thinking of them not from a professionally trained mind, but someone who did this on her own?
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>> that's really smart. actually, when i first startedit g cookbooks, i remember thinking to myself, "what makes me think i can write a cookbook?" there are these great chefs who are really trained. and, as i started, i realized, actually, what is my lack is actually exactly right, because i can connect with-- cooking is hard for me. kinever worked on-- >> reporter: coong is hard for you? >> it is so hard for me. anybody that works with me will tell you. it's so hard for me. and that's why my recipes are really simple, because i want to n, able to do them. >> reporter: soo executives at the food network came calling,an d calling, and calling. i understand you were reluctantl at first to doision? >> reluctant is the understatement. >> reporter: really? >> i just said no over and over and over again. >> reportet why? >> i jdn't think i'd be good on tv. itjust couldn't imagine why anybody would watc and food network, fortunately, kept coming back again and ain.
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and they said, "just try it." and i thought, "well, i will just do 13 shows, lld then they eave me alone." >> reporter: and that was how many shows later? >> and, happily, that was 15 years later. ( laughter ) i'm still doing it. i'm going to show yomymy recipes anechniques. >> reporter: the barefoot contessa series is now 13 asons' strong. >> you, too, can cook like a pro. >> reporter: her latest versn, "cook like a pro," shows tips and techniques aimed at helping viewers become more comfortable in the kitchen.yo >> everything need to know, from trussing the bird to carving it. >> reporter: what do you know of ur audience? who is watching it? >> you know, there's this mont in time when i really got a vision of who the audience was. was walking up madison avenue, and there was a woman in a big fur coat. and she said, "oh, darling, love your cookbooks." and i thought, that's very nice. then i kept going. aout a half-a-block later truck driver pulled over and said, "hey, baby, love your show." ( laughter ) and i thought, that's food. i think my cookbook audience might be slightly different from my tv audience, but i think they're people that are d'su'thed in foodatd ,
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ber a have to tell you. i >> reporter: you're just saying that. ( laughter ) during our visit, garten showeds few simple recipes. you can see her demonstrate them on our web site. meanwhile, she says her days are now spent sting new recipes for her upcoming 11th cookbook. it's due in the fall of next year. >> i love what i'm doing. i'm really happy doing it, and i hope i can do it forev and i'm having a ball. >> yang: plastic bags, cups and other and trash are filling landfills around the wbut a lot of waste doesn't even make it to gaage bins. in the latest installment in our thries "the plastic problem," newshour's julia griffin explains how one man's drive to clean up city reets sparked global exercise craze.r: >> reporn the middle of the work day recently a handful
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of washington, d.c. residents traded their lunch breaks for a mid-day... plog. >> plogging is basically you get some friends together, you get a plastic glove and then a bag. and you just run around and as you run through a neighborhood you just pick up any trash you see along the way. >> reporter: heather jeff is the events manager for pacer's running. the gear shops first began gging runs events earlier this summer. >> as runners you're outside ane generally you know we try not to leave a trace out there. so when you see the things in the bushes or on the ground you know it's kind of our job to help pick it up because we use it and we enjoy it.>> eporter: plogging is the english version of "plogga"-- a mashup of "jogging" and the swedish term "plocka upp"-- which means "pick up." >> this is not a competition, you don't have to be good hlete to be good plogger >> reporter: swedish-american erik astrom is considered the godfather of plogging. he invented the earth-minded sport in 2016 after moving fromn
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sw "åre" ski resort to stockholm. >> i noticed it was so much more garbage. because i was cycling to work, and i could see the garbage was laying there for a four weeks and no one was pking it up. >> reporter: annoyed by the trash, ahlmstrom began organizing pick-uptshile-jogging with friends and the wider running community. >> i noticed something was happening. when you are doing physical activity like we did, you get your adrenaline and endohin going and then it becomes like a treasure hunt. >> reporter: now, ahlmstrom travels the world speaking about plogging and uses his website to guide like-minded athletes inrm fog their own plogging groups. today, the fitness craze has spread to nearly every continent. from japan, to nigeria and india, where government officials have advised municipalities across the country to organize plogging sessions for their residents to combat pollution. earth-conscious runners use the hashtags "plogga" and "plogging"
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to fill instagram feeds with posts of their plunder, and plogging has even been spottedte in marathonsk's and other foot races around the world. in the u.s., ploggers plog from new york to alaska. >> there's so much trash that needs to be picked up and it's a great way to just stay active. >> reporter: ken holmes is a brand represuctative for say. this summer, the running shoe company partnerewith the non- profit "keep america beautiful" to host plogging events in nearly every ste. >> we wanted to help promote not only staying active and running bualso doing something good for the environment as well. >> reporter: back in sweden, siik ahlmstom hopes the ri popularity of plogging will inompt non-runners to pitc. >> if you see garbage, it should be natural to pick it up, if we start picking up then that person next to us he would do the same. >> reporter: and with so much discarded trash in the world, there's no time like the present to inspire others to help clean
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up. for the pbs newshour, i'm julia griffin. >> yang: you can find all our the stories in our "plastic problem" series at pbs.org/newshour and finally, another in our occasional series, "my music." the group "nathaniel rateliff and the night sweats" has been hitting its stride with soulful rhythm-and-blues and frontman rateliff's lyrics. before a recent showe anthem in washington, rateliff talked about his decade-long b struggore finding inspiration for the band's sound. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ i'm in a band. >> what is a night sweat?
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i guess it' menopausal mptoms. symptom of alcohol or drugs. it's a good sign of het disease. and then it's eight or seven other dudes i travel around the country and work with. ♪ ♪ >> over the years, it's been a lot of different things. painted houses for a while. i was a gardner, worked at trucking companies for about ten years. ♪ ♪ and after a year of ing a singer-songwriter, i was readily ouraged and felt like i was treading water for a long time. was either bea gardner or find something that wasn'so that felt less discouraging.
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♪ ♪ i didn't really know what else to do, and i jushad a friend who was, like, why don't youd come over record a couple of ngs? i said, i don't want to do anything with an acoustic guitar. he said, well, do something else. i was wanting to play soul and &b. he said we'll dat. i said, i don't know how to write any of that.d when my da passed away, he left his record collection and kind of digging through those records was sort of like a piece of him being left to me. all different sets of genres of music, the start of rock and roll, blues, soul, r&b, and i was curious it and wanted to know more about it. so all that was there.n i t home that day and i k hd requested idea of, like, trying to write a song that sounded like the band sam and dave.
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♪ ♪ and then from there i just kind of -- it just nd of mae sense to me. ♪ ♪ >> it was exciting and new and after, you know, probably ten or more years of doing the other stuff, that, you know, just felt refreshing. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> yang: all that and more is on our web site, s.org/newshour. d don't forget "washington week" which airs later this evening. and we'll be back, right here, on monday. that's the newshour for tonight.
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i'm john yang. have a great weekend. thank you and good night. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> financial services firm raymond james. >> bnsf railway. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems-- skollfoundation.org. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world.tt at www.hewrg. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutis: anfriends of the newshour.
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>> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank u. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> you're watching pbs. >> you're watching pbs.
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hello, everyone. welcome to "amanpour and company." here's what's coming up. a slew of new books portray a reckless foreign policy. the trump administration hallowing out american diplomacy. i get the real deal with the. veteran u diplomat william burns. then, asamerica's powerful reckoned with the me too tsunami, sally fields, the oscar-wiing actress, opens u about her ow history of abuse. also today, coming out as an illegal immigrant. we talk to jose antonio bargas.

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