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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 23, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and now, "bbc world news." kasia: this "bbc world news america." i'm kasia madera. a warning and a challenge to president trump on the environment. a u.s. government report says unchecked climate change will cost ameca hundreds of billions of dollars.
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four peoe are killed as militants tried to storm china's consulate in the pakistani city of karachi. a rare visit to iran as the country again adjusts to life under u.s. sanctions. the bbc hears from the ordinary iranians caught up in the diplomatic struggle. >> some iranians we spoke to feared for their jobs in the future, but others were far mo agmatic. they say look, we have survived sanctions before and we will survive them again. kasia: and a global adventure and a new challenge with thero help of scouund the world. kaa: hello, and a very war welcome to this special edition of "world news america" coming to you from london because of course, our washington team are
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continuing to celebrate the thanksgiving holiday. a newly released u.s. federal government report has outlined the dangers posed by climate change, saying it will cost hundreds of billions of dollars by the end of the century. it addsk that it could shre size of the u.s. economy by 10% if action isn't taken. the report, mandated by congress and written with the help of more than a dozen u.s. government agencies, is that all -- is odds with press ent trump'licies. he has repeatedly cast doubt on the fact that man-made climate change is real despite overwhelming scientific evidence, as james cook explains. james: in a sense it is an answer to a question posed by the president who this week tweeted during a cold snap, "whatever happened to global warming?" it has been pretty cold in the northeastern united states this ek, this thanksgiving week for the holiday.
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government scientists, his own scientists, are providing him with a direct and very detailed answer, which is that it is here and having a significant andpa serious on the united states already, and the potential future impact may be catastrophic, with the loss of many, many more american lives and the loss of hundreds of ndllions of dollars annually to the economy by thef the century. kasia: james cook in los angeles. from washington we are joined by one of the contributing authors of this particular repor in tms of this report, does this categorically say that climate change is here, and that the president of the united states is wrong? >> it certainly says that climate change is re and will have negative effects the united states. the report does not directly say the president is wrong, butea y the president's tweet the day before yesterday makes
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one of the fundamental mistakes that people sometimes make ing look this, confusing weather, which happens over a day, and climate, which is a long-term trend. kasia: is that because we're talking about the extremes wen are seeingmperatures, the cold weather we are seeing, and the hot weather we are seeing, droughts and fires? is that something this report takes up on? >> it does. we hava much more more refined ability to downscale our data about what is happening with respect to cmate change and buting ways in which the intensity of some extreme happeningents a caused by climate change affecting the united states.rt another f the report looks at what will happen in the future, and if the united states and other countries in the world fail to meet the targets wene tiated and agreed upon to try to stabilize temperature increase in the paris agreement on climate change, if we fail to
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meet this, then we are looking at a future where as your reporter accurately said, it o will cost tethousands of lives annually and hundreds of billions of dollars annually. s sia: this is one of the most comprehensive lo how climate change affects countries worldwide. are you frustrated -- you must be frustrated by the continual denials of president trump. >> well, yes, of course. i mean, the idea that you would confuse wh is happening on a particular cold day in washington or anywhere else with the overall ends that are the product of decades of scientific study, thousands of scientists around the world looking at this evidence and coming to the same conclusion -- i understand it when it is not their job to lo t for the welfare of all bu is really the responsibility of government leaders at every level, certainly the national level. so while it is distressing that the president makes a mistaked like this ntinues to deny
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rae reality of what we are facing, i am encd by the fact that hundreds of u.s. leaders at other levels, governors, mayors, business tsaders, university presid get this and are trying to meet the u.s. obligations. kasi but somewhere a decisio was taken to release the findings of your report now. it is thanksgiving weekend. let's face it, people are enjoying time with their families, out shopping, black friday and the rest of it. they are going to miss the headlines from your report. s why i will, but that am in your studio today and there are many people who rked on the report who are out and trying to talk to responsible journalists like yourself. the important thing is that this is a 1700-page document that was the culmination of work of 300 authors. tslf of those government
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scientists or analhalf outside the government like me. it is going to be aning document that can be held against not just the episodic tweets of president trum for the policies are government is taking. we can use to determine whether or not those a good policy choices or bad policy choices. threport by itself by design does not make explicit policy recommendations, but there are clear policy implications that come from anyone who rea this report. kasia: thank you from coming into our studio and thank you for making us aware of this. one of the contributing othersns of this compree report. many thanks. >> thank of course we have much more on our website. not tohina, -- now to china, which says that the militant attack on its consulate in karachi will not deter it from projects in pakistan. no consulate staff were hurt in the attack, but two pakictani police os, two local people, and a gunman were killed. a sepatist group, the
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baluchistan liberation army, which opposes chinese influence in pakistan, says it carried out the assault. reporter: gfire outside the chinese consulate in the heart of pakistan's commercial capital. the attackers, armed with assault rifles and grenades, dio manage to enter the building, but did kill twome poli two pakistani civilians also died, but the consulate staff were unarmed. >> i took the people inside and locked the door. the chinese asked what was happening. w i told him thee terrorists and to stay inside. i barricaded the door. but the terrorists just kept firing. reporter: the militant separatist group, the baluchistan liberation army, med responsibility for t attack. they had been waging a low level insurgency, accusing the pakistani state of exploiting the region's natural resources , and it now say china is doing
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the same thing. gbeij has infrastructure projects in this part of baluchistan. both countries want the economic aiorder to succeed andthe attack would not undermine the relationship. >> we also believe that pakistao will continuake effective measures to ensure the safe and smooth development of the china-pakistan economic corridor. porter: officials in bot countries will be relieved that the deh toll today wasn't higher. but this attack is the most high profile on ahinese target in pakistan so far, and that will raise concerns. bbc news, islamabad. kasia: british prime minister theresa may took to the airwaves today to try and sell her ruggling brexit deal to the british public. she said that if parliaments voainst her plan, there will only be more division and uncertainty.
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on saturday she will travel to brussels for more talks before a summit on sunday, where the agreement is expected to be signed by the other eu member pates. here is our depuitical editor. i have to warn you that his report contains flashing images. reporter: her rebellious mp's won't listen to her message on brlkit. time to o the country. prime min. may: i think for most people out there, they want to get on with it. reporter: mrs. may talking over the heads of polanical opponents tory mutineers. trying to tune in to public impatience with point scoring, with a political game she may well lose. min. may: i will beex aining the deal to people up and down the country because it is not just about the mp's in westminster looking at the deal, it is about people acrostrthe counderstanding what the deal is about. m so that focus. >> no plans to resign? prime min. may: my focus is on getting this deal through.
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reporter: then this blunt warning to parliament, brexiteer mp's and ministers -- no hope of defeating her brexit plant in hope of getting a beer one. prime min. may: it people don't like that deal, can we have another one -- we won't get -- i don't think they will come to us and say we will give you a better deal. a former remainder had a tough question. without any convoluted answer, just between the two of us, what in your honest opinion is better for the u.k., your deal or the deal we had if we stayed in the eu? prime min. may: you say better off, better off -- actually, it's a different sort of environment and a different approach to be taking things. reporter: not quite yenot quite no. brexiteers know what they don't like. the former brexit secretary who quit negotiations and the cabinet,vi ced nothing is
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worse than mrs. may's deal. >> i will not advocate staying in the eu, but if you just presented me terms of this deal or e.u. membership, because we would ef the same rules but without the control -- this would be even worse poan that. rerter: the chancellors in belfast charming the democratic unionists. they are threatening to tear upe thal because they see theth plan as treating britain andrt rn ireland differently and a threat to the union. >> if she is successful in parliament and there is evidence she will be successful in ntparliament -- that agreeas about getting national stability. it was acting in the national interest and delivering on >> i declare the brexit minimart open. reporter: a stunt to suggest brexit could come at a cost. more on the labor side are buying into the idea of a fresh referendum. >> i would like to have a
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general election. the british public for the first time, for the first time, shoule have a sayer they accept the negotiations, with the option of staying in the eu. -- odds onhe on's on a large number of mp's on both sides are stacked up against the brexit today she sud that if her plan is defeated in the commons, there is no chance of getting a better one, but tory brexiteers, including some in the cabinet, disagree. ey may not want a leader who has no chance of success. as it is, we are l watching and waiting to find out, will this historic plan be lled up short, stopped in its tracks? it is looking like it, but until then mrs. may's trying to make it work. kasia: turkey's prime minister has criticized donald trump's latest comments on t murder of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi. president trump downplayed the cia assessment that the saud crown prince mohammed bin salman ordered the killing.
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mr. trump said that the intelligence agency has not conclusively placed the blame on the crown prince, and went on to say that maybe tbe world should eld responsible for the death. mark lowen is our correspondent in istanbul. mark: frustration that the trump administration is not accepting this wave of information and leaks that turkey has provided, cluding excerpts from th audio recording inside the saudi consulate in istanbul that documeed the final gruesome minutes of jamal khashoggi's life. the turkish foreign minister said that donald trump is d effectively turning a ble to who ordered the killing, it was not the right apprch, and not everything is down to money. think that turkey has one card left in its back pocket, which is to release the audio tapes w moely to journalists and other intelligence agencies, bui they are not it yet, and i think that is because turkey feels it is the final bit of leverage they have over saudi deabia before there is incontrovertible ee of the premeditated killing and who
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might have been behind it. it has been very interesting to see how president erdogan has managed to rally the inteational community behind turkey and behind him in a way that turkey has not managed for probably many years. as one official put it to me a suple days ago, for the first time we are on te page as human rights watch. are not criticizing us, they are -- they are not criticizing us, they are criticizing saudi arabia and supporting us. it has helped turkey gained the upper hand. ud terms of turkey's relationship with arabia, also turkey has got the upper hand and put saudi arabia on the back foot. but, and this is anmportant but -- mohammad bin salman on still has donald trump and donald trump son-in-law jared kushner as important allies, what erdogan really wants is the removal or extreme weakening of
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crown prince mohammed bin salman. he is not going anywhere for the time being bause he has his strongest ally in the white house. kasia: you are watching "bbc world news america." lots more still to come on tonight's program. we will be taking a rare visit to tehran. the bbc reports on what ordinary iranians make of tensith united states. dolce and gabbana products havee been pfrom chinese e-commerce sites as a backlashco against the roversial ad campaign the firm posteos this week showing a chinese mo struggling to eat pasta and pizza with chopsticks. the crisis deepened when offensive comments about chinese people allegedly by the cofoundewent viral. the firm said his instagram account had been hacked. >> in the past few days we have
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been reflectinera lot about hing that happened and everything we have caused in your country. we want to say we regret it and we are truly sorry. >> we also want to say sorry to all the chinese people aroundrl the because there are a lot of them. we take this apology very seriously, and we will never do something like this again. askasia: the united states imposed tough new sanctions on iran this month, with donald trump renocing the international agreement designed to restrict the country's nuclear program. the measures, which britain and the eu opposed, are intended to hit iran's oil exports, shipping, and banks. but what do they mean for the people of iran? james landale reportfrom the pital, tehran.s:
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ja when iranians want to have fun, they go up to the mountains. and then come down fast. this is a resort in foothills north of tehran. in winter they ski, in summer they walk. a place where children, families, and couples can escape the hustle of tehran and breathe some clean air. behind the fun it is a different story. he works as a chef here and has little hope for the future. >> the iranians, so hard for living. everyone think about goingut of iran. mes: that is because the latest american sanctions are hitting the economy, making it harder to send oil overseas, an
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onctor told us, tougher to find medicine. -o came across a man playing his sitar, a 23-year music waudent and graphic designer. >> so many business trying to open, for example, restaurants and caf├ęs, but the marial we were importing t iran was spped, and that made so many businesses fail. james: that view is not universal. he is 26, unemployed, and boy does he trust the government. >> there are, hardshit there are control. we can't control them. the government, the state is ing its best. james: in the bazaars, many w peope reluctant to talk to us, fearful of how authorities might react.
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some who did speak trumble about -- grumble about the fluctuating currency. other businessmen were optimistic. >>e are facing problems fo the sanctions, but we can manage that. we know how to deal with it. james: the united states believes its sanctions will bring about change of government in iran, and some anians we spoke to feared for thei and feared for the future. but others were far more pragmatic. they say, look, we have survived sanctions before and we willrv e them again. james landale, bbc news, in tehran. kasia: you probably know him as a global adventurer and television host, but now he is launching an initiative with th united nationss new role as chief ambassador for world scouting. the bbc's nada tawfik caught up with him at the u.n. in new york. >> the scouts are driven by the
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young people, that is what i love so much. this is young people in every corner of the world saying we wanto help. we want to do something good. sometimes people hear about the sustainable development goals of, what are you talking about, but really what we are saying is let's prote pace and protect our planet and helped peoplesper and try to reduce poverty. young people are going to be the people who drive those things. it is not going to be us, it is going to be young people. all we do as scout leaders istr ng to facilitate that and say let's do this together. nada: what are some of those ouprojects, and where do yhinkr in particulauth can make an impact? >> it is not just a few projects we're involved in. there are millions and millions of these ocal scout groups. i was looking at some of the stories coming in at the moment. we have scouts in some of the most violent areas in colombia presenting a positive alternative to kids joining
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gangs now to now joining the scouts. there is ather great one in sudan where scouts are teaching schools how to make their water safe to drink. it is really exciting. when you think of the numbers involved, some of thesivscouts have ded a billion hours of services. it is almost hard to believe. when wee say wnt to take that, add another 3 billion owurs, it is like, wow. that is actuallyou change the world at a local level but on a massive scale. nada: i know the scouts have put emphasis not just on physical health, but mental health. recently you are very open about your own battles with anxiety.m >> i'finitely not fearless.y i have many, mars and anxieties. but i have also learned that the best way over our fes -- one, to hold pele that really love you, a always move towards, rsdon't run from our f scouts are trained from a young age to know at together we are
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stronger and we are brave and it is all about facing the difficult things and doing it. scouts always she a light all around the world for that sense of courage and kindness and never giving up. ffsia: inspirational s there. e majority of african artifacts in french should be sent back to their countries of origin. this is according to a report by -- commissioned by emmanuel macron. the report says it is unacceptable that around 90% of african artistic heritage is outside africa. from paris here is hugh , schofield. hugh: 90 percent of africa's artistic heritage lies africa, but places like here, the museum of noneuropean civilization iparis. debates have gone on for years, but this official french report breaks new ground. basically, it says that most of re should go back. it is reckoned that fully two thirds of the museums' afric collection is concerned by the
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report's findings. these are pieces which were acquired by frnice in the co period either by acts of outright pillage, or, and here is the crucial point, inhi trades the report says were unfair because the dominance of the acquirer -- that is, the french colonial power. it was president macron himself a year ago on a trip to africa who opened the way. speaking in burkina faso, he said it was wrong for only europeans and americans to have access to african art. in five years he wanted to start the procs of temporary or definitive restitution. the report, which he commissioned then, has been welcomed by those who campaign for a return of afric's cultural inheritance, like this woman who runs an art center in benin. t>> if you an important i musebenin, you cannot find the doors of the palace, becaus the doors paris.
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you cannot find the thrones of our kings because the thrones are in paris. you cannot find the statues because the statues are in paris. .you cannot find anything we need that back. hugh: the report's premise is that any piece brought from africa in colonial times was all -- almost ceainly acquired thout informed consent. but for critics that is a wildly sweeping generalization. >> once you start from the onpremise that the whole cl period was a crime, then immediately every work of art, whether it has been donated or llected or bought, it al becomes a case of fraud. that is the heart of their argument. it is really extreme and an assault on museums. hugh: served with the museum and its equivalent -- so quit t museum and its equivalents in
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london or beitin be emptied? s not going to happen tomorrow, but the ideas no longer taboo. kasia: how is this for sething to be thankful for? a couple in the louisiana is $1.3 million richer after finding a winning lottery ticket in a pile of perwork at home. they were just in time. they were able to claim the prize only two weeks before it would have exped. they found the ticket while they were cleaning thhouse for thanksgiving. it pays to be tidy. they say they have no big plans, just to put the ney away for retirement. congratulations to them. don't forget tt we are all on social media. we would love to hear from you. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation
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is made possible byth freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuingi sos for america's neglected needs. >> "bbc world news" wast, presented by kos angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening. m john yang. judy woodruff is off. on the "newshour" tonight, a new report painta dire picture of the effect of climate changece over the next ury and pushes back against skeptics. then, the war in yemen has left more than 80,000 childn dead over the last three and a half years and now the country is on the edge of famine. it's friday. david brooks and ruth marcus discuss the president's public spat with the chief justice, the politics of troops on the border and more. and we continue our fall films series with look at the drama "green book"-- a road trip across the racial landscape of the jim crow south. >> when you have two people who are that different and they find themselves in a confed space for a long enough time they can


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