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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  November 23, 2018 6:00pm-7:01pm PST

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening. m john yang. judy woodruff is off. on the "newshour" tonight, a new report painta dire picture of the effect of climate changece over the next ury and pushes back against skeptics. then, the war in yemen has left more than 80,000 childn dead over the last three and a half years and now the country is on the edge of famine. it's friday. david brooks and ruth marcus discuss the president's public spat with the chief justice, the politics of troops on the border and more. and we continue our fall films series with look at the drama "green book"-- a road trip across the racial landscape of the jim crow south. >> when you have two people who are that different and they find themselves in a confed space for a long enough time they can have a positive and evolving effect on one another.
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>> yang: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the enginehat connects us. >> consumer cellular believes that wireless pls should reflect the amount of talk, text and data that you use. we offer a variety of no- contract wireless plans for people who use their phone a
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>> yang: the government issued it's most dramatic report yet abt climate change today a it came with a dire warning. scientists said the country is already feeling major effects of climate change and it has already cost the unitestates hundreds of billions of dollars. the report, which was issued by 13 federal agencies, also highlights how climate change is expected to have a significant impact on the future of the economy. the report links extreme events like hurricanes maria and harvey and nger, more intense, more frequent wildfire seasons out west with climate change. and scientists say there's more to come. the continental u.s is already 1.8 degrees warmer than it was a century ago and the temperature may rise by another 2.3 degrees by 2050. unless more is done, all told the risks and impact of climate change are expected to shrink the u.s. economy 10% by century's end.
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david easterling of noaa, which released the report, suggested in a media call that climate change would damage theas country's infructure, economy, and human health. >> that global ae rage temperat much higher and is rising more rapidly than anything modern civilization has ngexperienced and this war trend can only be explained by human activities especially >> yang: while almost no one will escape the effects , climate chanientists say under-served and lower-income americans as well as coastal communities will feel the brunt st immediately. >> future generations can expect to experience and interact with natural systems in ways that are much different to today without significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, extinctions and transformative impacts on some ecosystems cannot be avoided. >> yang: the assessment contrasts starkly with the views and policies of president trump who often denies or dismisses the role of climate ge. today, scientists dodged the
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question of whether the white house pushed to have the report released on the afternoon after thanksgiving. with me now is michael oppenheimer of princeton university. he's a professor of geosciences and international affairs at princeton's woodrow wilson iohool and he was a lead author of separate internl climate reports issued by the united nations. mr. oppenheimer, thanks so much for joining us. >> thanks for having me. what's the most significant thing to you about this report? >> well, the blaring headline message is that climate change is here, it's happening, it's now. americans are already paying for it. they're alreadying suffering from it. it's n an abstract problem that may come on decades into the future. the secondponent about that is,o well, you can on your tv screen and see it almost every day, california burning up due the wildfires. over the last couple of months
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hurricanes wreaking havoc on the gulf and atlantic coasts, those were problee madworse by climate change, already, an its only going to intensify as we go into the coming decades unless we get emissions of the greenhouse gasieske carbon dioxide under control. another clear messagis the world is interconnected. if the u.s. suffers from cropdu yield declines to too much warming, then people go malnourished in africa. if an electronic component supplier in thad il disrupted due to flooding, then our electronics industry that has to aemble the parts into a commercial product suffers and moneis lost. the third message, which is really the most important one, is that we are way behind the eight ball, we're not doing enough to cut these emissions and bring the problem under control and we're not doing enough to build our resilience to the inevitable impacts of
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climate change, in other words, we're doing little to adapt to the risk. therethis is a big blem. there's a big gap between what the government promised to do, for instance in the parisen agre and what they're implementing, and there's a gap between the paris agreement and at the countries would really have to do to bring the problem under control. >> the current person pulled out of the paris agrment, a esident who has been skeptical about climate change, he tweetee eathis week talking about a cold snap a lot of the country is going through now saying whatever happened to global warming. you talked about the stark language in this report. was there a warng shot at skeptics of climate change? >> i think the skeptics really aren't the factor anymore. science is so compelling and the consequences have been so vivid
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that, in a way, this is liberated to allow scientists doing these kind of assessments to really say what's i thi been on their minds for the whole time. i think the scientific community, while it's done a yeoman's service, has also, to certain degree, been a little t,mid. and in this repn the report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change a couple of weeks ago, you see the clear messes coming through unvarnished, unhidden by fancy scientific languag they're calling it like it is for a change. >> you talked about the promises of the paris accord, some stanton heights roo trying to go it on their own even though the federal government pulled outt is though for have had states to have efforts? >> thireport goes out of its way to note the vair strong efforts some states and other localities are making, both on the emissions reduction front d in trying to adapt to the risk, but it's not enough.
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uncoordinated response taking place in hundreds or even thsands of states and localities just will never get us to where we need to go. this is a problem which needs national leadership, an that's exactly what's missing in the trump administration response which is basically a yawn at this point. but it's also true that other countries really have to sep up, do all they can on the emissions reduction front and on the aptation front to make their population safe. very few countries are doing as much as needs to be done right now. >> yang: the report also seems ao take a special note or special warning that the effects ae unevenr the p communities are going to be affected more according to the report andcoastal communities will be adversely affected mor according to the report. >> well, for the poor, it's really a double whammy, unfortunately. first of all, they don't have the resources to build the
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hsilience and combat t possible impacts of climate change, and, secdly, a lot of the poorest communities are where the climate change veally going to hit the worse, so theyh get worst effects and can'tms defend theelves against it. so, for instance, the southeastern part of tted states where incomes lag according to the home contry is going to suffer extreme heat and humidity, tions in labor productivity and consequences along the coast. even in relatively wealthy areas of the southeast, let's take miami, a well-built-up area, you're seeing coastal floodings knot just inrricanes but on the daily tidal cycs. they're getting flooding in the streets all the time. this kind of flooding called nuisance flooding happened five, ten tis year, now 30 to 40 times a year, due to sea level
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rised caused by global warming. >> yang: michael oppenheimer, princeton university, thank you very much. >> tha you.da >> yang: in ths other news: millions of americans spent this "black friday" swarming stores and scouring websites for deals. s e tech firm "shoppertrak" estimates today'les will hit $23-billion. that's up more than $2-billion from last year. across the country, retailers saw the annual rush of shoppers buret through their doors be sunrise, scrambling for discounts. near birmingham, ala bma, an argumeween two men at a mall ended in gunfire. police shoand killed the -ospected shooter. an 18-year and a 12-year-old bystander were wounded. witnesses took cover in nearby stores. >> everydy screamed and everybody ran. people ran, like, mountain high, people ran everywhere. they have supply closets where they keep the shoes and stuff at mountain high and they juspu ed us all in there and then they opened the escape doors wherever they are. >> yang: authorities are stillin trying to deteif the shooting was related to "black friday" or a separate dispute.
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oil prices have plummeted to their lowest level in more than a year. that triggered a sell-off on wall street today, as investors feared the supply could the demand. the dow jones instrial average lost more than 178 points to close at 24,285.e sdaq fell 33 points and the s&p 500 slipped 17. heavy rains in california have now extinguished 95% of what was the nation's deadliest wildfire in a century. the camp fire killed at least 84 people and incinerated some 19,000 buildings. with the fire almost out, butte county is working to locate the more than 560 still missing. a pair of adly attacks rocked wkistan today. 35 people diedn a bomb hitma an open air et in the afrthwestern part of the country, near the ghan border. most of the victims were minority shiite musl it came hours after armed separatists targetedulhe chinese
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coe in karachi. two civilians, and two police officers died in an hour-long shootout. prime minister imran khanof commended thcers for preventing more fatalities. >> ( translated ): no staff member of the chinese embassy has been harmed in any way. our security forces arrived on the scene very quickly, and neutralized the attackers. if they had managed to get in, there could have been a very b tragedy. so, today, we are also lauding our security forces >> yang: chinese officials condemned the atta and said it would not affect their relationship with pakistan. meanwhile in afghanistan: a suicide blast at an army base has killed at least 27 soldiers. the bombing occurred as people gathered for friday prayers at a mosque in the eastern khost province. 57 people were wounded and taken to a nearby hoital. there was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack. the trump administration asked the supreme court today to fast track a series of cases on the
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president's ban on some transgender people serving in the military. the move would leapfrog federal appeals courts who have yet to rule on the issue. lower courts have blocked the policy from going into effect. the supreme court typically does ke cases until after an n peals court has ruled. and hillary clins called on european leaders to curb mass-migration to the conte ent, to stop read of right-wing populism. in an interview with "the guardian" published today, the former demratic presidential candidate and secretary of state warned, "if we don't deal wiis the migratioe it will continue to roil the body politic." she said that is what "lit the flame" for racist political ideologies in europe. clinn's comments sparked outrage and confusion from immigration activists and european lawmaclrs, who cited ton's long track record of welcoming immigrants. still to come on the "newshour," yemen teeters on the brink of famine as a result of the saudi- led war; david brooks and ruth
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marcus break down the week's political news; we go behind the scenes of the new film, "green book;" and much more. >> yang: today in yemen, the u.n.'s special representative called for a cease fire in the critical port of hoedeida. for three and a half years, a saudi-led coalition, with ort, has waged war against houthi rebels in yemen. the u.n. been killed, but admits it stopped counting years agoli because a le count simply isn't possible. ch nick schifirin reports, the charity "save thdren" has edleased a shocking, new number: 85,000 children ki >>eporter: the newhour has reported often from yemen and highlighted the plight of young yemeni children, so many of whom are isolated, besieged and starving.
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and a warning: the images wew will su during this segment are hard to watch. but this is e reality of this war, and to talk about the astonishing and horrifying number of children killed, i turn to greg ramm, the vice enesident of save the chil humanitarian response. this number is not based on deatcertificates. it's an analysis. how did you get to 85,000? >> save the children has worked for years and years on humanitarian crises around the world. we know whatappens when children suffer from severe acute malnutrition and it's left untreated.di their waste away, their organs fail. they either starve to death or when disease strikes them, diarrhea, other diseases, their bodies can't resist because their immune systems have collapsed. c, we know the numbers. the calculus is vear if you have a certain number of children with severe, acute malnutrition that's left untreated, a certain percentage will die. d it's based on those calculations and the understanding of the amount of i the crisyemen that has led
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us to this conclusion. >> reporter: did any of the conditions, that lead to those, medical crisesexist before the war began? >> sure. so, yemen has always suffered from poverty, but the health clinics functioned. the economy functioned. even where there's poverty, people, usually parents, find a way to scrape enough food together to keep their children alive. and so, you can suffer chronic malnutrition. but when the cflict comes, when the economy collapses, when humanitarian assistance can't get through, then you wind u with children having severe, acute malnutrition and the consequences are dire. >> reporter: you just mentioned humanitarian assistance not getting through. in your latest report, you say that because of the fighting, food that us to take a week to arrive, now takes three weeks. will conditions just continue to get worse?
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>> circumstances are certainly getting worse. the port of hodeid hoedaida is being bombed. other parts of the country are ar conflict from the civil it makes getting humanitarian assistance through very, very difficult. where assistance gets through, more is needed. but with so many millions of people in need of humanitarian assistance, so much more needs be done both efforts to stopco thlict itself, so that and also to allow unfettered access to humanitarian assistance to everybody in need. >> reporter: you just mentioned hodeida, the port that received the majority of assisthat flows into yemen. the u.s., the saudi-led coalition, and the houthis have been talking recently about a cease fire in hodeidah. but you've actuay seen an increase in the fighting? >> in recent days there has been an uptick in fighting. usry often that can happen on the eve of a cease fire. so we continue to hold out hope for a cease fire, we continue to call on all parties the conflict to put down their arms and to find a diplomatic
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solution to the crisis. without a cease fire, it is very, very difficult to get the assistance that children so desperately need. >> reporter: a cease fire is exactly what the u.s. is calling for. how important is it to find a political solution? >> any conflict that is the that is the solution. military victory rarelcomes in a situation like this. this has been a protracted civil war. i can't imagine any other solution other than a political solution.if buhe conflict continues and it continues in this protracted state year after year we will continue to see tens of thousands of children die. >> reporter: so in that sense, er further famine preventable? >> well, it is a shunger is preventable and classifications and famine is preventable is preventable even in conflict. if all the parties allow humanitarian get thro children are not parties to the conflict. children do not need to suffer.e so, even in of war if international humanitarian law is respected if the parties to
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the conflict allow tha assistance to get through famine can be prevented. not, if food is used as a weapon of war then all bets are off and children will die. >> reporter: here in the u.s., there is a lot of blame on tho hi rebels, who are backed by iran, for the humanitarian looblems. but are you seeinging of humanitarian assistance, from both sides? >> there is, there is challenges on it throughout yemen. part of that is simply due to the conflict. but part of that also is due t administrative complications. just the process of movi food or other assistance or keeping healthcare, health clinics open and running, it is complicated throughout yemen and we would call on all parties to facilitate humanitar assistance, so that those in need can get it >> reporter: this challengd is so large, me of these images so horrifying. what would you say to our viewers, who want to somehow help, but might not kn? >> well, the two things that are
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most important, one is that oere are save the children and other agencies athe ground. we are providing health care, are helping keep clinics open, we are providing food, we are working with families andco unities to protect children from harm. we are working to keep schools open where we can so the children continue to learn. more help is needed, and certainly we would-- save the ildren and other agencies would welcome that support. the second is that the world must call on the warring parties. pressure must be put so that so laat a cease fire can take and so that peace can be negotied. >> reporter: thank you for your time. >> yang: and to the analysis of brooks and marcus. that's "new york times" columnist david brooks and "washington post" columnist ruth
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marcus. david, ruth, thank you fo r coming in and joining us. the president, judging by social media, has been spending thanksgiving worrying a lot about the border, threatening to through shut it wn, close it al altogether, railing against the miants moving north. david, what's going on? is this just base maintenance here or what's going on? >> i'm going with buster. had buster! looks like teddy roosevelt tweeting up san juan hill. but you have to remember the actual military troops including secretary mais will not be carrying weapons, they will be in the background somewhere in w supportive rolch is a null and void role, basically. so i'm pretty sure the president -- i can understand why he's upset, there's been more illegal immigration under his term than president obama, buttettes hard to believe thisti
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administ, after the sprieftion families, wants more bad pictures coming out of the worrieder, so i'm reasonabl confident this is mostly bluster and they will find a solutisn. >> thiluster, i get to say it, too, with a little purpose, though probably n a very effective one, which is the congressional lame duck session has begun, and there is funding bills to be done, as there are at this time of year, it seems, every year, and the president still hasn't gotten, after twoe, years in offhat he insisted he was going to get from mexico after he he was eled which was the wall, so a little bit of the bluster is t trying to raise the prospect of the government showdown. that would not make a lot of sense when the house and the senapr and thesidency are all controlled by the same party. si you're shutting down the government in thatuation, you're not doing very well. but that's a little bit of shutdown the border rhetoricei
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we're now as well. >> yang: you're saying we need to get a dl now that includes money for the wall. he said it every time andy, ev time, it doesn't happen. >> to me, the question sha's anything changed because of the election. has his mood, his emotnal state changed? so, previously, there's a pretty good method he would bluster hid way tosomething and then there would be some bad press and he woulied qutly backtrack where he would send something out there you don't really have, send a policy ot there and there is no policy. the question becomes, he's rattled and angered by the election and evrybody else around and something's changed. so far there's been no eidence his mental state has change. h doesn't seem to be doing a very good job of accepting the ality that, yes, he and his party suffered a fairly massive and near historic defeat in the
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house and, while they have slightly ex panned their senate majority whichis important, that's one piece of reality he hasn't taken in and that mgh affect his mood. there is also the looming mueller situation, and this report does come from a while ago, so maybe the mood has been bad for a while, but the reports about arguing that we should have prosecutions of hillary clinton and prosecutions of jim comey don't suggest a president with a great mood. >> yang: the lest of peopl that thpresident has public spats or feuds with in social media grew this week. john roberts,the geoff justice, responded to something the president said and the president, the famous counterpuncher punched back. ruth, you covered the supreme court. hnw unusual is this oberts would do this in a public way and what does this mean that these two people are going at it in public now? >> it's remarkable. presidents get into fights with the superior courts not all the
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time, but on a regular basis. richard nixon ran against the warring court when he ran for president. president obama famously criticized the justices to their face over the citizens united decircumstances and president trump cricized the court and justice roberts in particular in the past. what's really unusual and you have th o streck to well before i covered the court and to the new deal is to have th court bite back. when f.d.r. was trying to do his court paking plan, the chief justice helped torpedo the plan by sending a critical letter to the clinic. they didn't have either twitter or probably a court officer to respond these day the fact that the chief justice could not be a more different human being than president trump, you have twor popposites and personalities, this is who you would have, a very restrained -- he was judiciary before he was a judge, the chief justice human being. the fact that he chose to respond to the president's
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assault on judges, 9th circuit judges, obama judges just suggests how alarmed he is,nd by the president's behavior and how out of the ordinaryt' presidbehavior is. >> what's interesting is they weren't arguing about a case, and if justice roberts responded about a decion i think tha would be out of bounds, it was just defending the idea of an independent judiciary. justices normal will do that, and i do think it's important to maintain the truth, at least the three-quarters truth, that there are no such thing as obama and bush judges. there are conservatives and liberals and it's true the supreme court votes more on party line than they used to but it's still not totally true they're political appointees. they do have some sense of inependence, and most of cases 5-4 are not strict republican-republican faces. maintaining that in public seems to be tremendously important if
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we're to respect decisions. if trump wants to delegitimize the court by saying it's just like congress, that undermines the credibility we should bay parkway tol judicdgment. >> yang: the fact he punched back against somebody like john roberts who is not a liberal justice, does that threaten his base with the republiwons? >> no, ildn't think so. it's of a piece which means the only kind of power he acknowledges is personal not institution well we are, and e idea that the attorney general or a judge has some independent mandate to do con substitutional roll, that's not part of his mental vocabulary, so it's are you loyal or not loyal to me. i don't want to get hysterical, but if yu look at how regimes decay across the world from democracy to authoritarianism, this is a classic thing happens in almost every case where the inns hughesle power devolves back to personal power and you
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return to the all rule ofhet clan. >> yang: the president is again questioning the intelligence community when they say the crown prince f saudi arabia is more likely fesponsible for the killing o columnist of jamal khashoggi and saying he's not going to do anything to punish saudi arabia. what do you make of this? >> shameful is one thing i make of it. we take this pretty personally at "the washington post." i take it personally, the notion that the president of the united states would come out and sayma welle he did and maybe he didn't, when the intelligence community has concluded that very, very likely he did, and when it's clear that saudis have lied about what happened to r columnist jamal khashoggi all along the way is --ettes one thecg to rejthe findings of the intelligence community when it comes to russian intervention in the election, but then to reject it on something like this
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and theto sort of resort to the kinds of things he has sa about presidentutin, well, the crown prince denied it vehemently, well the if you vehemently deny something it doesn't mean neg. then to add to that notion that he did or didn't, either way, the saudi relationship, the notion itis wrong on theacts but the notion that we would be sack fights billions of dollars ousands ofds of jobs is just not right. the notion that the saudis have much control over oi prices and oil supply is just not right. it's very outmoded, but it's also wrong on the values. it is not consistent withue american vaor american interests to have this kinof
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politique tht the president adds this to put america first. 's not putting america first. >> yang: the saudis are using thesident's words in their own defense. >> right. first, the c.i.a. and other d telligence agencies respo presidents, they see how the president uses their material and if apresident goes against them, they face a tendency to write a report in the future that gives the president an out because they don't want to run up against the president and that degrades the intelligence protest. the second thing i think is foundationally wrong is why do atople serve in the military, the department, the government? they don't do it so we can sell more weapons, so there can be more suites reted out at the trump hotels. they do it because they basically believe in the valuest country and want to spread those values. you have a nakedly realistic politics, obviously every president mak calculations,
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but this is naked we don't care about values, we care about money, that is a gigti demotivater for anybody serving in the military or our government oversees and that's why the rial poll teak doesn't work. >> it sends a bad signal internally, it sends a bad signal and perhaps nor importantly externally to our allies esd adversabout what we will and will not tolerate and do and do not stand for. >> yang: the final election to have the 2018 midterms comes tuesday, mississippi, a runoff in the senate race. president trump is going down there for two ops monday. why is this so important to the republicans? >> if you lose missiorippi, that isof an embarrassing thing. it's like losing berkeley if you're a democrat, i guess. he's going down there. shnotes the greatest candidate by a long shot in the world. i would be shocked if this went
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to the democrats, in part, because it is mississippi, in part, frankly, and i may be unpopular for sayi t thire are a lot of americans who hate political corectness, 80% of americans say it's a major problem, and if somebody says something that's completely racist, i think americans will say, like judge roy moore, that's unacceptable, but whatsa sh about the hanging, that, to me, is sort of borderline. >> i understand tht argument abt being borderline, though if you say something stupid, you may want to apologize a little more fully than she did. it was fascinating the number of major companies who withdrew -- pretty much knowing she was going to remain e senator for mississippi, withdrew their support for her, wal-mart, aetna, pfizer, others.yo but t question of why ut matters, because there's a big difference in ate sen won't affect senate control, it still matters because having 53 votes is a lit better than vagvi 51 or 52 votes because it
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actually goes back to judges. if you don't have to worry about susan collins or lisr mukowskis of the world, you don't have to have confirmation slow down your coffin motion of judges. >> that's it. thank you so much. >> yang: stay with us. coming up on the newshour, the s barefoot contessa discusr life and culinary caer; inside the new trend of plogging-- running while picking up trash;g and songwriter nathaniel rateliff talks about his music. now our fall film series concludes with the true story two men-- a black classical pianist and his white driver--d eir journey through the segregated south. jeffrey brown is still at the movies for us. >> reporter: it's a familiar premise: two people, different
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as could be, take to the road together. >> i've never had fried chicken in my life. >> i liv fried chicken. you >> reporter: but the particulars are new-- and true. this gentleman says i'm not permitted to dine here. director peter farrelly, best known previously for over-the-th top romps likee's something about mary," "dumb and dumber" and "shallow hal," recounts won him over.tch that >> true story about a black d ncert pianist named don shirley-- 1962, liove carnegie hall and his record company was sending him on a tour of the south. and he was afraid of going so he hired a bouncer from the copacabana, like the toughest bohcer-- an italian guy, fi grade education, racist himself, to drive himhrough the south for protection. and i said, it's homerun. >> reporter: mahershala ali, an academy award winner for his performance in "molight,"
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stars as don shirley. n don shirley really likes tony from the jump, e his inappropriateness, because he looked at him as almost like case study, like he wanted to observe tony lip. >> reporter: viggo mortens, known for "lord of the rings" and many other films is his driver: tony lip. >> he just says what's on his mind. he doesn't have much of a >> reporter: telationship- - despite initial apprehension-- drives the film. >> you know this is pathetic, righ ll me what you're trying to say. >> i don't know. w.u kno i miss it. >> then say that. >> reporter: the movie's title is taken from the actual "green book"-- a travel guide used n afriericans to find welcoming hotels and restaurants in the era of segregation. ali learned of the book working on the film.
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were you surprised to learn about it? no. >> i wasn't aware of it. tt i think it just-- the way in i wasn't surprislearn about it. >> reporter: mortenson's learned of the guide through a popular chilen's book. >> it showed how there were certain gas stations they couldn't go to, certain places they couldn't eat and they had to just look at this book all the time jt to stay out of trouble. >> reporter: here men of different races tost find places at and sleep in the jim crow south. >> there are certain things that we didn't know about. or at least i didn't know. and i think people will learn things about that timedond-- >> the s laws for instance. it wasn't across the across thev boarywhere throughout the south, but there were curfews. anif you were black and ou and it was dark you would get arrested. >> reporter: yeah. >> just for being on the street. >> reporter: in this early scene over their first shared meal the tensions and differences-- not only over race, but class and education-- are apparent.
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>> how is that? salty. have you ever considered becoming a food critic? >> no. not really. why? it?there money in >> i'm just saying you have a a more marvelouspo >> such tes. the concert pianist has five doctorates. the other guy's got a fifth grade education,>>e's a racist. eporter: and fists? >> he's got street smarts but he's got-- that's it. that's his only smarts and the other guy's brilliant. >> reporter: the son of an a episcopal prie a school teacher, don shirley grew up well-to-do in pensacola florida, and dreamed of becoming a classical pianist. at 18 he had his solo debut with the boston pops. but the ameran color line excluded him from a classical career instead shirley created his own musical niche blending jazz, cabaret, spirituals and amber music into his repertoire. he wrote several symphonies, c many albums, performed around the country, including in the
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deep south. ♪ ♪ as in all road films the car-- in this case a cadillac coupe deville-- and time driving around in it are crucial. >> the fact that they started from two very different places and by the end of the film have- - there's a cohesion and a respect for each other >> reporter: respect that eventually finds shirley dictating letters tony sends to his wife back in the bronx. >> put this down.o falling in with you was the easiest thing i've ever done. >> nothing matters to me but you and every day i'm alive, i'm aware of this. >> reporter: it's a friendship made possible by the intimate isolation of being on the road. >> they both kind of allow themselves to hear t other person eventually which is... but they allow themselves to actually hear what the otherng person is sahich is the beginning of you know, communication, the beginning of
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being able to put yourself in the other person's shoes. >> when you have twoe who are that different and they find themselvesn a confined space for a long enough time they can have a positive d evolving effect on one another. >> reporter: although the "green book" tells a historical story in at times comic form, all involved saw it speaking to our own times. >> as bad as things are, and they're bad right now, they can get better. and this is a od example of how they get better. when people listen to each other and learn from eacother and realize ultimately we're all the same. >> reporter: green book opens nationwide this week. for the pbs newshour, i'm jeffrey brown athe toronto international film festival. si >> yang: now we one of the
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most successful, prolific women inemerica-- the creative fo behind "the barefoot contessa" cookbooks and tv shows.ll m brangham went to see ina garten at her home on long island, new york and has thisoo secondat her life and career.s >> t what i get to do for a living. isn't it unbelievable? >> reporter: it's fantastic. ina garten is one of the most famous and beloved cooks in america today. atter known as the ba contessa, she sitstop a culinary empire built on her best-selling cookbooks, with millions of copies sold, a string of hit tv shows... ig just because it's a wee dinner doesn't mean it has to be boring. >> reporter: ...and a legion of devoted fans. >> this is my little secret garden. >> reporter: we visited garten at her home and headquarters in east hampton, new york. we talked in the huge barn she had built next to her house that's now her office, test kitchen and tv studio, all in one. >> this is where the show shot, and this is where we test recipes. and every morning, i walk across the lawn and i meet the two people, barbara and lidey, who work with me. and we just go, okay, what areoi
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we to do today? >> reporter: that's the extent of your commute? >> that's my commute. ( laughs ) it's like 100 yards, i think,ma maybe lessybe 50. >> reporter: pretty amazing. >> it's pretty amazing. i usually just put it right in the middle. >> reporter: garten's career began 40 years ago. but, at first, she gave no hint as to how she'd evolve. in the 1970s, newly married to husband jeffrey, garten was a budget analyst in washington, d.c. >> i was working at o.m.b.,f office omanagement and budget. >> reporter: for the federal government? >> yes, for ford and carter. and i worked on nuclear energy policy. how's that for precedent for the food busr:ess? >> report makes no sense whatsoever. ( laughs ) >> i ran from it. and by the late '70s, i thought, i have been wouring here for ears, and nothing has happened. and i just didn't feel like in had any impactything. and i hit 30, and i thought, "i want to do what i wado." and i thought, "i want to be in the food business." >> reporter: one day, she saw an ad for a specialty food store for sale in the hamptons, the exclusivbeach destination for w yorkers. >> i went home and i told jeffrey about it, and he said, y
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pick somethi love to do. if you love doing it, you will be really good at it. and so i madher a very low offer, the woman who was selling it, thinking, "well, we will come back. we will negotiate." we drove back to washingto i was in my office the next day and the phone rang. and she said, thank you very much. i accept your offer. and i just remember going, "oh ( bleep )." ( laughs ) >> reporter: what have i gotten mylf into? >> what have i done? >> reporter: and that was it? >> that was it. two months later, i was behind the counter of a specialty foods store, trying to figure it out. >> reporter: the store she bought was called the barefoot contessa. that was the nickname of the prior owr. it was 1978, and this was garten's very first job the food industry. so, had you been a cook before? >> no. >> reporter: not at all? >> i'd never worked tore. i never worked in a restaurant. i mean, i cooked at home, but that's not really the same thg. i taught myself how to cook when i worked in washington using julia child's cookbooks. orter: and you have had
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training beyond that? >> no, no. >> reporter: that's amazing. >> thank you. >> reporter: the store was a smash, and later moved to a bigger location in east hamptonh after 18 yearssold the store and tried her hand at a new venture. in 1999, the barefoot contessa cookbook was published, and it quickly became a bestseller. nine additional books havech followed, bestseller. all contain her trademark simple and accessible recipes. >> i think that i had a very cleavision when i started writing cookbooks what i wanted it to be, and that you wou open the book, that you would look at the photograph and go, "that looks delicious." and then you would look athe recipe and say, "i can actually make that and i can make it with ingredients i can find in the grocery store." i don't ink that's changed at all. >> reporter: having taught yourself how to cook, does that inform the recipes that end up in your book, becae you're thinking of them not from a professionally trained mind, but someone who did this on her own? >> that's really smart. actually, when i first starteds, writing cookbo remember thinking to myself, "what makes me think i can write a cookbook?" there are these great chefs who
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are really trained. and, as i started, i realized, actually, what is my lack is actually exactly right, because i can connect with-- cooking is hard for me. i never worked on-- >> reporter: cooking is hard for you?o >> it isrd for me. anybody that works with me will tell you. it's so hard for me. and that's why my recipes are really simple, because i want ta beble to do them. >> reporter: soon, executives at the food network came calling, c and calling,alling. i understand you were reluctant at firsto do television? >> reluctant is the understatement. >> reporter: really? >> i just said no over and over and over again. >> reporter: why? >> i just didn't thi be good on tv. i just couldn't imagine why anybodwould watch it. and food network, fortunately, kept coming back again and again. and they said, "just try it." and i thought, "well, i will just do 13 shows, and then theyn will leave me " >> reporter: and that was how many shows later? >> and, happily, that was 15 years later.
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( laughter ) i'm still doing it. i'm going to show you my recipes and my technique >> reporter: the barefoot contessa series is now 13 seasons' stron >> you, too, can cook like a pro. >> reporter: her latest version, edook like a pro," shows tips and techniques at helping viewers become more comfortable in the kitchen. >> everything you need to know, from trussing the bird to carving it. >> reporter: what do you know of your audience? who is watching it? >> you know, there's this moment in time when i really got a vision of who the audience was.p i was walkinadison avenue, and there was a woman in a big fur coat. and she said, "oh, darling, love your cookbooks." and i thought, that's very nicei thept going. about a half-a-block later, a truck driver pulled over and said, "hey, baby, love your show." ( laughter ) and i thought, that's i my cookbook audience might be slightly different from my tv audience, but i think they're people that interested in food, and that's everybody. you're doing a beautiful job, il have to ou. >> reporter: you're just saying that. ( laughter ) during our visit, garten showed us a few simcipes.
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you can see her demonstrate them on owh web site. mee, she says her days are now spent testing new recopes for her ng 11th cookbook. it's due in the fall of next year. >> i love what i'm doing. i'm really happy doing it, and i hope i can dd it forever. m having a ball. >> yang: plastic bags, cups and other and trash are filling landfills around the world, but a lot of waste doesn't even make it to garbage bins. in the latest installment in our jries "the plastic problem," the newshouria griffin explains how one man's drive to clean up city streets sparke global exercise craze. >> reporter: in the mif the work day recently a handful of washington, d.c. residents traded their lunch breaks for a mid-day... plog. >> plogging is basically you get some friends together, you get a
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plastic glovand then a bag. and you just run around and as you run through a neighborhood you just pick up any trash you see along the way. >> reporter: heather jeff is the events manager for pacer's running. the gear shops first began organizing plogging runs eients this summer. >> as runners you're outside ank we generallynow we try not to leave a trace out there. so when you see the things in the bushes or on the ground you know it's kind of our job to help pick it up because we use it and we enjoy it.lo >> reporter:ing is the english version of "plogga"-- a mashup of "jogging" and the swedish term "plocka upp"-- which means "pick up." c >> this is notpetition, you don't have to be good athlete to be good plogger. >> reporter: swedishcan erik ahlstrom is considered the godfather of plogging. he invented the earth-minded skort in 2016 after moving from sweden's "åreresort to stockholm. >> i noticed it was so much more garbage.
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because i was cycling to work,i anuld see the garbage was laying there for a four weeks and no one was picking it up. >> reporter: annoyed by the trash, ahlmstrom began organizing pick-up-while-jogging events with friends and the wider running community. >> i noticed something was happening. when you are doing physical activity like we did, you get your adrenaline and endorphin going and then it becomes like a treasure hunt. >> reporter: now, ahlmstrom travels the world speaking about plogging and uses his website to guide like-minded athletes in forming their own plogging groups. today, the fitness craze has spread to nearly every japan, to nigeria and india, where governments officive advised municipalities across the country to organize plogging t sessions fir residents to ermbat pollution. earth-conscious ruuse the hashtags "plogga" and "plogging" to fill instagram feeds with posts of their plundd plogging has even been spotted in marathons, ten-k's and other
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foot races around the world. in the u.s., ploggers plog from new york to alka. >> there's so much trash that needs to be picked uand it's a great way to just stay active. >> reporter: ken holmes is a brand representative for summer, the running shoe company partnered with the non- profit "keep america beautiful" to host plogging events in nearly every state. >> we wanted to help promote not etly staying acte and running but also doing somhing good for the environment as well. >> reporter: back in sweden, erik ahlmstom hopes the rising popularity of plogging will prompt non-runners to pitch in. >> if you see garbage, it should be natural to pi it up, if we start picking up then that person next to us he would do the same. >> reporter: and with so much discarded trash in the world, there's time like the present to inspire others to help clean up. for the pbs newshour, i'm julia griffin. >> yang: you can find all our
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the stories our "plastic problem" series at and finally, another in oursi ocal series, "my music." the group "nathaniel rateliff and the night sweats" has beens hitting ride with soulful a rhythm-and-blu frontman rateliff's lyrics. before a recent show at the anthem in washington, rateliff talked about his decng struggle before finding inspiration for the band's und. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ i'm in a band. >> what is a night sweat? i ess it's menopausal symptoms.
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symptom ho alcoor drugs. it's a good sign of heart disease. and then it's eight or seven other dudes i travel around the country and work with. ♪ ♪ >> over the years, it's been a lot of different things. painted houses for a while.a i was rdner, worked at trucking companies for about tee s. ♪ ♪ and after a year of being a singer-songwriter, i was reallye discouraged an like i was treading water for a long time. it was either rd a ner or find something that wasn't so -- that felt less discouraging. ♪ ♪ i didn'ty reaknow what else to do, and i just had a friend who was, like, why don't you
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come over and record a couple of i said, i don't want to do anything with an acoustic guitar. he said, we, do something else. i was wanting to play soul and r&b. he said we'll do that. i said, i don't know how to write any of that. when my dad passed away, he left his record collection and kin of digging through those records was sort of like a piece of him being left to me. all differensets of genres of music, the start of rock and roll, blues, soul, r&b, and i was curious it and wanted to know more about it. so all that was there. i went homet thay and i kind of had requested idea of, like, trying to wri a song that sounded like the band sam and dave. ♪ and then from there i just kind
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of -- it just kind of made sense to me. ♪ ♪ >> it was exciting and new and after, you know, probably ten or more years of doing the other stuff, that, you know, just felt refreshing. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> yang: all that and more is on our web site, and don't fowashington week" which airs later this bening. and we'll k, right here, on monday. that's the newshour for tonightn i'm john have a great weekend. thank you and good night. >> major funding for the pbs
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newshour has been provided by: >> financial services firm raymond james.>> bnsf railway. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and theirhe solutions to world's most pressing problems-- ew the william and flora hlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: and friends of the newshour.
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>> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh >> you're watching pbs. you're watching pbs.
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vu: next, a "kqenewsroom" special... richards: my motto now is, "start before you're ready." whatevyo new opportunity come way, jump at it. vu: ...authors speaking about everything from sexism in silicon valley... chang: the women sort of feel like, but they're damned if they do and damned if they don't." vu: the role of religion in today's turbulent political climate. aslan: evangelicalism and the republican partyma have beeied as a single force, and this is the culmination of that marriage,d rhaps it's time for a divorce. vu: hello. i'm thuy vu. welcome to a special edition of "kqed newsroom." on this program, we're revisiting interviews from our archives with dynamic, provocative authors. we begin with the politics of health care. fromcecile richards has beenic, provocthe president. and ceo of planned parenthood for more tn a decade. the organization offers low-cost reproductive health-care services


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