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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 26, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪ >> stay curious.
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♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." ne jane: this is "bbc worl america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. ukraine imposes martial law itllowing the latest clash russia over crimea. the united nations holds an emergency session and moscow is -- and the u.sambassador taste moscow.akes aim at ambassador haleyit is an arrogant act that the international community must condemn and will never accept. jane: rising tensions on the southern borr as mexico moves to deport migrants attempting to rush into the u.s. >> touchdown confirmed. jane: and nasa scientists celebrate the lending of their new insight probe on ms. the journey took six months. now the science begins.
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jane:s welcome to our view public television in the u.s. and around the globe. ukraine's parliament has voted to impose martialaw in 10 provinces bordering russia, a day after a russian ship seized three ukrainian vessels off the coast of crimea. moscow annexed the ter in 2014, and both sides blame each other for the float. -- for the latest flareup. western countries including t m u.s. condemncow's actions. the bbc's steve rosenberg has the latest. steve: off the coast of crimea, russian border guas on collision course with the ukrainian navy. the russians target a tugbt. the hint is less than subtle.r,
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lateussian forces shoot at and then seize the target and two other ukrainian vessels.en this appy a mayday from ukrainian sailor as the russians storm his boat. a russian replies. steve: the vessels were towed to russian-controlled crimea. 23 ukrainian servicemen have been detned. after the dramas at sea, political battles over who is responsible. moscow's reaction, don't blame russia. officials here areresenting what happened as ukrainian provocation in russian territorial waters. ukraine rejects that and insts this was an act of aggression against its neighbors. -- it's navy. oon the streetsf kiev, they agree.
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"death to russia!" he shouts. protests and pyrotechnics outside the russian embassy.pr ukraine'ident, petro poroshenko, called for 30 days of martial law in parts of the country. meanwhile, at the united nations, this warning for moscow. ambass states will maintain its crimea-related sanctions against russia. further russian escalation of this kind will make matters worse. steve: to some, the incident is a reminder of how dangerous the russia-ukraine conict is. >> the war continues to be live, and the war could escalate aty an moment while endangering the relationship between russia and the west. steve: at sea and in the sky, russia has sent a clear messagea to ukrai the west, don't mess with moscow. steve rosenberg, bbc news,
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moscow. jane: for with michael carpenter, senior director of the penn den center for diplomacy and global engagement. how bia crisis is this? michael: i think it is a significant escalation of the war between russia and ukraine just on the fact that russia has rammed a ukraini ship and boarded two other naval vessels and seized the assets and held the sales captive. it isnn this creepingation and it logically leads towards further incident. i think russia's goal is to blockade the ukrainian ports. to that extent this is very serious. jane: is this a precursor to something else? michael: i think this is a part of a series of small steps that taken together are designed to blockade the ports and to harass commercial traffic in advance of
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ukraine's presidential elections. russia wants to apply economic pressure as well as military pressure on ukraine. that is their end goal, to squeeze the ukrainn state and make them feel vulnerable. jane: a lot of condemnation at the united nations, but what can the international community actually do? michael: there have been rdstiffly- statements but not a lot of action. we will have to see in the coming days. there is a lot that the united ates and its allies can do. among them are increasing naval presence in the black sea amongs naps.in another is to help ukraine oral byits seaitt providing defensive s, etelligence and surveilla systems, ground-based anti-ship missiles. but also more offensively, in terms of a counterpunc sanctions on russia. not necessarily in response to
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this incident, but in response to russia's 4.5-year war against ukraine. those sanctions have not been strong enough thus far. jane: w isn't russia listening? why would more sanctions work? michae because the sanctions the western countries imposed on russia are wk, they are thin uel. we have no blocking sanctions on major russian banks. what we have is restrictions on the financing of new debt and equities by financial institutions. p that is a rathhetic, weak measur could do and what we have done in the past when trying to compel iran to come to the table. jane: who should be le this? there is a lot of concern about u.s. policy towards russia, not just about ukraine but generally. michae i saw ambassador nikki haley at the u.n. called for the normandy forma-- germany, france, ukraine, and russia to resolve this. i think that is a huge mistake.
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but -- i think the resolution of the conflict, if there is to be one, has to be led by the united states together with european allies -- france and germany certainly deserve a seat at the table -- but this has to be multilateral diplomacy backed up by leverage. frankly, only the united states can do that. jane: michael carpenter, as usual, thank you for joining me. michael: my pleasure. jane: president trump has defended the use of tear gas against migrants trying to cross the border from mexico. mr. trump said it was necessary because officers were being rushed by very tough people. humarights groups say many o those seeking to enter the u.s. were women and children. mexican authorities say they are ing some of those involv in sunday's clashes. the bbc's will grants at the border and he sent this report. will: when the poorest peoplin the americas try to force their way into its richest country and met with resistance, riot police, and tear gas. what began as a peaceful protest
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over their asylum claims soon descended into a scramble towards the bord. the u.s. and mexico closed the crossing and pushed them back. the caravan awoke this morning d by the violence, which prompted a much greater police presence. some had been deported for taking part. others have been caught with their children in the plumes of thar gas fired at them fro u.s. side of the border. >> we were pushed and pulled, kicked by the police. my wife was hit and so were the kids. and for what? we are not criminals. we are not trump thinks we are. we are for working people. will: it came as little surprise some attempted to cross stuck in legal limbo with no sign of movement, people are tigrowing impat. conditions in tijuana are worsening fast. fothis is the queubreakfast. it lasts for hours, and for mane
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it will benly meal they receive all day. president trump, however, isn't sympathetic to such complaints. "the migrants were stone cold criminals," he said, and warned he might close the border permanently. jeopardizing a billion dollars a day in cross-border trade seems unlikely, but these short uaclosures are affecting t. it is a city that depends on tourism, and traders like francisco arfeeling the pinch. "things have been much quieter this week," he says, blaming the slowdown on the mithants. most icaravan don't want to cause problems. as temperatures drop itijuana, they are facing christmas in the open air, camped out by the border wall, and they know another attempt ul run across see them deported with the a u.eady in sight. will grant, bbc news, tijuana. jane: for more on this and some of the presidents other comments f today, i was joined a brme
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ago by reid wilson, correspondent for "the hill." lte president is threatening to close the borderether. what message is he sending, and what does it achieve? reid: the president is committed to using immigration assue to rile up his own base. he believes that is how won in 2016. he believes it was successful for republicans in 2018 despite the fact that the results swed towards democrats. it is his comfort zone as he deals with all the issues taking place in the world. this seems to be the one returns to because it is the one he is most comfortable talking about.ja : and you say a lot of issues he is dealing wit a he hot on his mind today. he is not happy about general motors axing 14,000 jobs and potentially closing five factories. he is threatening them, but is there anything he can actually do? reid: there's not much the u.s. government can do to f company to keep the plant open or open a new one somewhere else. healuggested the head of gen motors might open a new factory
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in ohio. that is not the way this economy is moving. these car compans have been saddled by declining demand for small cars, increang demand for large trucks, and those are built in different factoes. it is notpl ssomething the government can do to force the company to do this. the closers will happen in places where president trump won in 2016, w places liren, michigan, and lordstown, ohio, two counties he won after president obama won them twice. it is swing territory, and if president trump promis would bring back the car jobs and was not able to do it, those voters might take it out on him in 2020. jane: you say "might." is there any evidence that the supporters will be persuaded by this, because they have not been over tariffs. reid: they haven't yet.
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there is pretty strong evence based on the midterm elections that suburban voters in a lot of these key states where republicans lost u.s. house seats have turned against president trump. his disapproval rating is 60% now. itot hasit that mark for more than a year. this is a president who begins his reelection fight in a tenuous position. let's not forget that he won a couple of key states -- pennsylvania, wisconsin, and ohio -- by 70,000 votes. jane: very briefly, on climatell rtange as he says he does not believe a rey his own administration that points to very serious economic impact. this is a bit of a pattern. he undercuts his own administration all the time. why? reidconstantly. this is a president who comes to office with very firmly held views abouimmigration, about climate change, and about the way things used to be in america, making erica great again. the climate change report is a part of that. this is something that there is scientific consensus on.
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there is no serious scientific opposition to the notion that climate change is real and getting worse and caused b humans. but the president is not willing to bend his preconceived notions on that. jane: reid wilson, thanks for idjoining me. thank you. jane: look at some of the day's other news. former trump campaign aideou george papads has failed in a legal attempt to delay his prison sentence. he was convied for lying to federal agents investigating alleged ties between russia and the trump campaign. has facedime minister a barrage of hostile questions in parliament as she continues to promote her brexit deal. the agreement was endorsed by eu lead s on sunday but there appears to be little support in rlment from her own party. a least one million bees suspected to have died of producing in the wine-
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area of south africa. an insecticide used by wine farmers is thought to have killed the insects. in the area have be affected but it is unclear how many have died. d you are watching "bbc wows america." still to come on tonight's program, wildlife photography at its finest. we visit a new exhibit in washington featuring some of the year's best images from nature. the british student who just days ago was sentenced to life in prison inub for spying has been freed after a presidential pardon. the united arab emirates s officiill claimed he was a british agent, but his wife n'insists he 't. paul adams reports. hepaul: matthees' ordeal is a lost over. infive days after handed a life sentence, he will be coming
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home. >> mr. hedges will be permitted to leave when the formalities are complete. paul: with it, a sting in the tail -- authorities in the united arab emirates accused matthew hedges of spying he worked there for several years before starting his phd on aspects of the country's security policy, a sensiti subject. >> we have made it very clear for a number of months now that we see no basis in the allegations. they've taken the action at they can, which means that matthew hedges is going to be reunited with his family. emains convinced that matthew hedges was a spy. he was certainly researching sensitive areas, including the military capabiliti and its role in the war in yemen. cst what he and most acade would regard as perfectly legitimate, the uae says is
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suspect. matthew hedges' wife has campaigned for month to secure his release, maintaining his complete innocence throuout. >> in my heart i know what matt is. he is a phd researcher. his colleagues know it, his family knows it, hundreds of academics around the world know it, and that is all that matters. will have him back home safely and he will finish his .thes paul: hisys family he ordeal has taken its toll. his life and career put on hold six months r ago, about toume. adams, bbc news. ofe: every year the editors "nature's best photography" magane comb through tens of thousands of images to find the best wildlife woctures in the d. the winners go on display at the
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smithsonian museum of natural history in washington. let's take a look. >> what you are seeing in this extraordinary exhibition is a virtual safari. it is a tour through different parts of nature. you have ocean life, you have landscapes, you have wildlife. you have people in nature. it is the combination of all these together make the nature's hybest photogrxhibit such an extraordinary collection of moture. photographers fo than 59 countries around the world suofitted tens of thousands images through this competition. weook at thousands upon thousands of images. they are all spectacular. i can't tell you how difficult it is to select the final winners.
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what makes it different, what makes that one shot a winner is hey couldl detail -- be a certain expression, it can be the behavior that is being displayed. this image of a mountain gorilla stood out as an unusual and extraordinary moment betweent add young.om it is thislling moment of relaxation, of calm, wonderful time together. they're both sleeping, or appear to be sleeping. they are relaxing for sure. this shot, this relationship between parent and young separated from all of the allrill shots that were -- of the gorilla shots that were submitted and all the other im competition. to the today, everybody can be a photographer. with the technology that is available, it allows us to be on
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location to capture that moment, that experience, and share itme ately. it is exciting. it makes our job more fun, moreo compelling interesting, that everyday people are taking us to extraordinary places. now, you may have noticed in that piece an image of three bull moose squaring off in a stream. that amazing pictureas taken by the winner of the 2018 youth photographer of the year prize. hest il only 19, and he joined me to talk about his work. congratulations. >> thanks so much. jane: all of your photographs are absolutely snning, but take us through how you captured the award-winning shot. >> that one was a crazy experience. i think it is once-in-a-lifetime. i was photographing one of the
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oubulls, and he waide the creek at first, and all of a sudden this one gets in. th my amazement, two others showed up on the side, and all three of them got in the water. i had this shot in my head i had to get immediately. right when i saw that i was like, i got to get this shot.hi one of my mains i have to do for photographs is to be eye level or lower with the subject. it gives a me intimate feel. i jumped in the water with them so i could be watelevel. i was shooting down in the water with my lens as cle as i could get to the water without it breaking or getting we i started firing away. these bulls sparring in front of . it was something else. jane: that is incredible. do you have a favorite animal you like to photograph? isaac: i have several, but the one i have seen that keeps me f ba more is the great gray owl. i love them so much. jane: wh isaac: there is something about
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them, the ghosts of the north, and they are very elusive and hard to fi y. when you d get such a rush ckd such an exciting feeling that it brings me or more. they are so beautiful and they are actually pretty people-friendly birds. a lot of times they will start hunting right in front of you. i was sitting downhotographing and it flew right past me and almost took my hat off. they are super people-friendly. so beautiful. jane: i didn't know that at all. are there animals that you find yourself shooting again? you obviously spent a lot of time outdoors in nature. isaac: there are several animals i can define -- like a moose, i can tell from the rack. say, i knowand i that moose. even that moose shot i took last year, i can determine all three of those this year if i'd seen them all again. it is pretty cool. jane: my favorite is the one of the coyote in the snow. isaac: yes. jane: you know him. isaac: i do.
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she or he, i'm not really sure, it is a special coyote to me. i saw for the first time last year, and it is such a warrior. it either got in a fight with anotr coyote or wolf or got caught in snared or something. its face is all scarred up. it is missing thbottom teeth on the bottom of its mouth. i watch him hunt -- since last year i watched it hunt and catch food, and it is amazing watching it. it is like, how are you doing this? you are so disabled but still -- it is a good life lesson. i know that specific coyote because of the story. -- t scarring and everything. it is pretty rad. jane: great lesson to learn. muanks so much for joining me. isaac: thank you s. jane: i have to tell you, that coyote is now my screensaver. the journey took six months, that the last seven minutes had nasa scientist on edge that is when the insight went to
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the rface of the red planet, either to begin gathering information or to disappear forever. ere was reason to celebrate admission contro as victoria gill reports. >> touchdown confirmed. victoria: after six months' journey and a perilous descent, relief at mission control. >> it is incredible. this is my first mission. i still feel nervous. the adrenaline is going through me. we are on mars. insight works. it is a soft landing. everything is perfect. i wa more data. i want to see what is happening on mars. victoria: nasa's insight lander plunged through the martian atmosphere safely to send the signal home. here are the first pictures sent from its new home. insight will carefully examine its surroundings so scientists can select exactly where to
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place scientific equipment. >> wwill give mars its very first checkup4 illion years and we will put the first seismometer on the surface of mars ever. we will deploy a thermal mole that will dig down into the service and measure the gradient. theoria: as it seesor intef mars robotically come it will be sending data to mission control at nasa in california. people will use the data to see how rocky worlds like earth and mars and the moon formed 4.5 billion years ago. they literally call it the center of the universal. >> ok, here we go. victoria: back in the 19's, astronauts drilled into the moon to take the temperature of the structure. 50 years on, the same analysis can be carried out on mars. a 2-year missionin begins pu
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together a picture of the death of the red planet. jane:ll congratulations around. there was virtually deal all around. i am jane o'brien -- that was victoria gill reporting. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work arounyour lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay -to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding othis presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing?os sibilities. d yo is filled with them. and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored py newshoductions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, cutting back.il general motol shutter production at five plants and layoff more than 4,700 employees. th, tension in tijuana: president trump defends border patrols' u of tear gas after a peaceful march veers out of control on the u.s./mexico border. plus another leap for humankind. exsa lands a spacecrt on mars with a mission tore if the red planet has ever been hospitable to life. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."

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