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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 26, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪ >> stay curious.
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♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from whington, i am jane o'brien. ukraine imposes martial law sh withng the latest c russia over crimea. the united nations holds an emergency session and moscow is -- and the u.s. ambassador taste moscow.akes aim at ambassador haley: it is an arrogant act that the international community must condemn and will nev accept. jane: rising tensions on the southern border as mexico moves to deport migrants attempting to rush into the u.s. >> touchdown confirmed. jane: and nasa scientists celebrate the lending of their new insight probe on mars. the journey took six months. now the science begins.
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in the u.s. and around the globe. ukraine's parliament has voted to impose martial law in 10 provinces bordering russia, a day after a russian ship seized three ukrainian vessels off the coast of crimea. moscow annexed theerritory in 2014, and both sides blame each other for the float. -- for the latest flareup. western countries including the u.s. condemned moscow's actions. theev bbc's rosenberg has the latest. steve: off the coast of crimea, russian border guards onn collisurse with the ukrainian navy. the russians target a tugboat. the hint is less than subtle.
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t ter, russian forces shoo dd then seize the target two other ukrainian vessels. this apparently a mayday from ukrainian sailor as the russians storm hiboat. a russian replies. steve: the vessels were towed to russian-controlled crimea. 23 ukrainian servicemen have been detained. drafter thas at sea, political battles over who is responsible. moscow's reaction, don't blame russia. officials here are presenting what happened as ukrainian r provocation sian territorial waters. araine rejects that and insists this was an act ression against its neighbors. -- it's navy. on the strts of kiev, they agree. "death to russia!" he shouts.
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protes and pyrotechnics outside the russian embassy. ukraine's president, petro poroshenko, caed for 30 days of martial law in parts of the country. meanwhile, at the united nations, thisng waror moscow. ambassador haley: the united states will maintain its crimea-related sanctions against russia. further russian escalation of this kind will make matters worse. steve: to some, the incident is a reminder of how dangerous the russia-ukraine conflict is. >> the war continues to be live, and the wacould escalate at any moment while endangering the relationship between russia and the west. steve: at sea and in the sky, russia has sent a clear message to 'aine and the west, don' mess with moscow. steve rosenberg, bbc news,
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moscow. jane: for more, i spoke earlier with michael carpenter, senior director of the penn biden center for diplomacy and global engagement. how big a crisis is this? anchael: i think it is a signifescalation of the war between russia and ukraine just on the fact that russia has rammed a ukrainian ship and boarded two other naval vessels and seized the assets and held the sales captive. it is this creeping annexation and it logically leads towards further incident. i think russia's go is to blockade the ukrainian ports. to that extent this is very serious.pr jane: is this ecursor to something else? michael: i think this is a part of a series of small steps that taken together are designed to blockade the ports and to harass commercial traffic iadvance of
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ukraine's presidential elections. russia wants to apply economic pressure as well as military pressure on ukraine. that is their end goal, to squeeze the ukrainian state ande make the vulnerable. jane: a lot of condemnation at the united nations, but what can the international community actually do? michael: there have been stiffly-worded statements but not a lot of action. we will have to see in the coming days. there is a lot that the united states and its alliedo. among them are increasing naval presence in the black sea among to ships. anothething is to help ukraine oral byits sea litt providing defensive systems, intelligence and surveillance systems, ground-based anti-ship missiles. but also more offensively, in terms of a counterpuh, sanctions on russia. not necessarily in response tois ncident, but in response
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to russia's 4.5-year war against ukraine.nc those ons have not been strong enough thus far. jane: whysn't russia stening? why would more sanctions work? michael: because the sanctions the western countries imposed on russia are weak, they are thin gruel. we have no blocking sanctions on major russian banks. what we have is restrictions on the financing of new debt and equities by financial institutions. that is a rather pathetic, weak weasure compared to what we could do and whaave done in the past when trying to hempel iran to come to table. jane: who should be leading this? there is a lot of concern about ia, notlicy towards ru just about ukraine but generally. michael: i saw ambassador nii ley at the u.n. called for the normandy format -- germany,ce frukraine, and russia to resolve this. i think that is a huge mistake.
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t -- i think the resolution of the conflict, if there is to be the, has to be led by the united states together uropean allies -- france and germany certainly deserve a seat at the table -- but this has to be multilateral diplomacy backed up by leverag frankly, only the united states can do that. jane: michael carpenter, as usual, thank you for joining me. michael: my pleasure. jane: president trump has defended the use of tear gas against miants trying to cross the border from mexico. mr. trump said it was necessary because officers were being rushed bvery tough people. human rights groups say many of those seeking to enter the u.s. were women and children. mexican authorities say they are deporting some of those inlved in sunday's clashes. the bbc's will grant is at thebo er and he sent this report. will: when the poorest people im thicas try to force their r way into ihest country and met with resistance, riot police, and tear gas. what began as a peaceful protest
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over their asylum clain descended into a scramble towards the border. the u.s. and mexico closed the crossingnd pushed them back. the caravan awoke this morning unsettled by the violence, which prompted a much greater police presence. some had been ported for taking part. others have been caught with their children in the plumes of tear gas fired at them from the u.s. side of the border. we were pushed and pulled, kicked by the police. my wife was hit and ki were the ds.d r what? .we are not criminals we are not trump thinks we are. we are for working people. will: it came as little surprise that some attempted to croal. stuck in limbo with no sign of movement, people are growing imtient. conditions in tijuana are worsening fast. this is the queue for breakfast. itasts for hours, and for many
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it will receive all day.hey president trump, however, isn't sympathetic to such complaints. "the migrants re stone cold criminals," he shed, and warned ight close the border permanently. jeopardizing a billion dollars a day in cross-border trade seems unlikely, but these short closures are affecting tijuana. it is a city that depends onur m, and traders like francisco are feeling the pinch. "things have been muee quieter this" he says, blaming the slowdown on the migrants. most in the caravan don't want to cause problems. as temperatures drop in tijuana, they are facing christmas in the open air, camped oute border wall, and they know another attempt to run across would see them deported with the u.s. already in sight. will grant, bbc news, tijuana. jane: for more on this and some of the presidents other comments today, i was joined brief time
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ago by reid wilson, correspondent for "the hill." the president is threatening to close the boer altogether. what message is he sending, and what does it achieve? reid: the presidenis committed to using immigration as an issue to rile up his owne. b he believes that is how he won in 26. he believes it was successful for republicans in 2018 despite the fact that the resultswa sked s democrats. it is his comfort zone as he deals with all the issues taking place in the world. this seems to be the one that he returns to because it is the one he is most comfortable talking about. jane: and you say a lot of issues he is dealing with. ay has a lot on his mind t he is not happy about general motors axing 14,000 jobs and potentially closing five factories. he is threatening them, but is there anything he can actually do? reid: there's not much the u.s. government can do force a company to keep the plant open or open a new one somewh else. he suggested the head of general motors might open a new factory
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ohio. that is not the way this economy is moving. these car companies have been saddled by declining demand for small cars, increasing demandtr for largks, and those are built in different factories. it is not simply something the government can do to force the company to do this. the closers will happen in places where president tmp won in 2016, placechlike warren, an, and lordstown, ohio, two counties he won after president obama won them twice. it is swing territory, and if president trump promised he would bring back the car jobs and was not able to do it, those voters m in 2020.it out on him jane: you say "might." is there any edence that the supporters will be persuaded by this, because they have not been over tariffs. reid: they haven't yet.
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eth is pretty strong evidence based on the midterm elections that suburban voters in a lot of the key states where republicans lost u.s. house seats have turned against president trump.pp his dival rating is 60% now. it has not hit that mark for more than a year. this is a president who begins his election fight in a tenuous position. let's not forget that he won a couple of key states -- pennsylvania, wisconsin, and ohio -- by 70,000 votes. janevery briefly, on climate change as well, he says he does not believe a report by his own administration that points to very serious economic impact. this is a bit of a pattern. he undercuts his own administration allime. why? reid: constantly. this is a president who comes fice with very firmly held views about immigration, about climate change, and about theth wags used to be in america, making america great again.e the climange report is a part of that. this is something that there ise scientific cus on.
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there is no serious scientific oppositi climate change is real and getting worse and caused by humans. but the president isilling to bend his preconceived notions on that. jane: reid wilson, thanks for joining me. reid: thank you. jane: look at some of the day's other news. former trump campaign aide george p in a legal attempt to delay his prison sentence. he was convicted for lying to federal agents investigating alleged besween russia and the trump campaign. has facedimer minis a barrage of hostile questions in parliament as she con hnues to promo brexit deal. the agreement was endorsed by eu leaders on sunday but there appears to be little support in parliament from her own party. areeast one millionees suspected to have died of poisoning in the winproducing
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area of south africa. an insectide used by wine farmers is thought to have killed the insects. honeybees in the area have been affected but it is unclear how many have died. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, wildlife photography at its finest. we visit a new exhibit in washington featuring some of the year's best images from nature. the british student who just sentenced to life in prison in dubai for spying has beenpr freed after a idential pardon. the united arab emirates als still claimed he was british agent, but his wife insists heasn't. paul adams reports. paul: mattw hedges' ordeal is a lost over. five days aftebeing handed a life sentence, he will be coming
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home. >> mr. hedges will le permitted ve when the formalities are complete. paul: with it, a sting in the tail -- authorities in the united arab emiratesccused matthew hedges of spying. he worked there for several years before starting his phdn aspects of the country's security policy, a sensitive subject. >> we have made it very clear for a number of months now that we see no basis in the allegations. they've taken the action that they can, which means that matthew reunited with his family. uae remains convinced that matthew hedges was a spy. he was certain researching sensitive areas, including the country's military capabities and its role in the war in yemen. but what he and most agademics would as perfectly legitimate, the uae says is
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suspect. matthew hedges' wife has campaigned for mono scure his release, maintaining his complete innocence throughout. >> in my heart i knowtt what is. he is a phd researcher. khis colleaguw it, his family knows academics around the world know it, and that is all that matters. now we will have him back home safely and he will finish his this. paul: his familsays the ordeal s taken its toll. his life and career put on hold six months ago, abouto resume. paul adams, bbc ws. ofe: every year the editors "nature's best photography" magazine comb through tens of thousands of images to find the best wildlife pictures in the world. the winners go onisay at the
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smithsonian museum of natural history in washington. let's take a look. >> what you are seeing in this extraordinary exhibition is a virtual safari. it is a tour through different parts of nature. you have ocean life, you have landscapes, you have wildlife. you have people in nature. it is the combination of allak these togetherthe nature's best photography exhibit such an extraordinary collection of nature. photographerfor more than 59 countries around the world submitted tens of thousands of images through this competition. we look at thousands upon thousands of images. they are all spectacular. i can't tell you how difficult it is to select the final winners.
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what makes it different, what makes that one shot a winner is some small detail -- they coulde be a certaression, it can be the behavior that is being displayed. this image of a mountain gorilla stood out as an unusual and extraordinary moment between adult and young. it is is compelling moment of relaxation, of calm, wonderful time togethe they're both sleeping, or appear to be sleeping. they are relaxing for sure. stht, this relationship between parent and young separated from all of the allillla shots that were -- of the g shots that were submitted and all the other images submitted to the competition. today, everybody can be a photographer. with the technology that is available, it allows us to be on
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location to capture that moment, that experience, and share it immediately. it is exciting. it makes our job more fun, more compelng, more interesting, that everyday people are taking us to extraordinary places. nowmay have noticed in that piece an image of three inbull moose squoff in a stream. that amazing picture was takenin by ther of the 2018 youth photographer of the year prize. he is still only 19,e nd he joined talk about his work. congratulations. >> thanks so much. jane: all of your photographs are absolutely stunning, but take us through how you captured the award-winning shot. >> that one was a crazy experience. i think it is once-in-a-lifetime. i was photographing one of the
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bulls, and he s outside the creek at first, and all of a sudden this one gets in. to my amement, two others showed up on the other side, and all three of them got in the water. i had this shot in my head i had to get immediately. right when i saw that i was like, i got to get this shot. one of my main things i have to do for photographs is to be eye level or lower with the subject. it gives a more intimate feel. i jumped in the water with them so i could be water level. i was shooting down in the water with my lens as close as i coule get toater without it breaking or getting wet. i started firing away. these bulls sparring in front of me. it was something else. tene: that is incredible. do you have a favonimal you like to photograph? isaac: i have several, but the one i have seen that keeps me back for more is the great gray owl. i love them so much. jane: why? isaac: there is something about
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them, thghosts of the north, and they are very elusive and hard to find. when you do, you get such a rush and such an eiting feeling that it brings me back for more. they are so beautiful and they are actually pretty people-friendly birds. a lot of times they will start hunting right in front of you. i was sitting down photographing riand it flet past me and almost took my hat off. plthey are super pfriendly. so beautiful. jane: i didn't know that at all. are there animals that you find yourself shootingvigain? you obsly spent a lot of time outdoors in nature. isaac: there are several animals i can define -- like a moose, i can tell from the rack. i come back and i say, i kn that moose. even that moose shot i took last year, i can determine all three of those this year if i'd seen them all again. it is pretty cool. jane: my favorite is the one of the coyote in the snow. isaac: yes. jane: you kn him. isaac: i do.
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she or he, i'm not really sure, it is a special coyote to me.rs i saw for the time last year, and it is such a warrior. it either got in a fight with another coyote or wolf or got caught in a snared or somethinga it is all scarred up. it is missing the bottom teeth on the bottom of its mouth. i watch him hunt -- since last i year i watchhunt and catch food, and it is amazing watching it. it is like, how are you doing buis? you are so disablestill -- it is a good life lesson. ei know that specific coy because of the story. -- the scarring and everething. it is rad. jane: great lesson to learn. thanks so much for joining me. isaac: thank you so much. jane: have to tell you, that yo is now my screensaver. the journey took six months, that the last sevenes minad nasa scientist on edge. that is when the insight went to
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the surface of the red planet, begin gathering information or to disappear forever. there was reason to celebrate admission control, as victoria gill reports. >> touchdown confirmed. victoria: after six mths' journey and a perilous descent relief at mission control. >> it is incredible. this is my first mission. i still feel nervous the adrenaline is going through me. we are on mars. insight works. it is a soft landing. everything is perfect. i want more data. i want to see what is happening on mars. ctvioria: nasa's insight lander plunged through the martian atmosphere safely to send the signal home. here are the first pictures sent from its new home. insight will carefully examine its surroundings so scientists can select exactly where to
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place scientific equipment. >> we will give mars its very first checkupn 4 billion years and we will put the first seismometer on the surface of mars ever. we will deploy a thermal mole that will dig down into the service and measure the gradient. theoria: as it sees terior of mars robotically come it will be sending data to mission control atasa in california. people will use the data to see how rocky worlike earth and mars and the moon formed 4.5 billion years ago. they literally call it the center of the universal. >>e ok, h go. victoria: back in the 1970's, astronauts drilled into the t mn e the temperature of the structure. 50 years on, the same analysis can be carried out on mars. a 2-year mission beginerputting
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toge picture of the death of the red planet. ns allcongratulat around there was virtually deal all around. i am jane o'brien -- that was victoria gill reporting. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, o vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay st-to-date with the la headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible byfr thman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutir america's neglected needs. >> what are you doin >>ossibilities. emur day is filled with th and s helps everyone discove theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on t cutting back.onight, general motors will shutter production at five plants and layoff more than 4,700 employees. then, tension in tijuana: president trump defends borderol pa use of tear gas after a peaceful march veers out of control on the u.s./mexico border. plus another leap for humankinda nasa lands a scraft on mars with a mission to explore if the red planet has ever been hospitable to life. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonht's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs

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