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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 27, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundati, and kovler foundation, solutions for america's neglected needs.hi >> ts fall, it is a season of revelations, from the choice of america's favorite novel. >> it's 100 books we want people to take a look we are hto get people to fall in love with novels again. >> to the fate of a hero's love. >> i'm still here. >> and i.
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>> from the secret lives of the most amazing cats to new tscoveries about the firs peoples of the americas. >> our history goes back to the beginning of time. >> all this and more, this season. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. crisis in chicago. how illegal truck makes -- how a fueling themix is opioid crisis gripping the u.s. >> my biggest fear is bur ang another on i almost did that last week. the crisis is real. jane: election day in mississippi, where the battle for the from the state's troubled racial history. remembering a code breaker and groundbreaker. british politician and youtube sensation baroness trumpington
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dies at the age 96. jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. thousands of people die every year as a result of opioid crisis that cuts a swathe acros. th tonight we focus on chicago, where there has been anc disturbingase in the figures. last year the city emergency services responded to an average 21 drug-related incidents a day, and overdoses claime lives than gun crime or traffic accidents. cocaine is adding to the proble especially when mixed with fentanyl, a synthetic opioid 15 times stronger than morphine. nick bryant reports from chago, and you may find some of these images disturbing. nick: chicago, illinois, is one of america's proust cities,
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but it is also one of the most deadly. close to the downtownys apers are districts such as the south side and west side that sometimes feel less like neighborhoods and more like urban combat zones. so many of the deaths are. drug-relat in jus one weekend 70 people were wounded in shootings, 12 of them kied. this alleyway has been the scene of recent drive-by attacks. no wonder e gang's security detail. we have come here not to talk about gang warfare, but to find out about a deadly new product that hashe hit streets, cocaine laced with the deadly opioid fentanyl. we're here that -- we are hearing that fentanyl is being xed into cocaine. >> right now it is mixed into everything right now.
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it is, in cocaine, heroin, pil you know what i'm saying? know it is users cocaine? >> most people don't. if they did know they would overdose. nick: it is a lethal combination. >> yeah, it is a bad combination. nick: traveling from the east side to the southside of chicago. one question we are looking to get the answer to is why thfentanyl is being mixed cocaine. is it an attempt by dealers to expand the market by hooki users on an opioid, or is it accidental, cross-contamination cross-contamination thru cutting the batches on the same table? this is what is called a trap house. the backstreet workplaces where dealers produce and sell drugs. in this case, crack cocaine. this dealer told us that
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fentanyl is being mixe deliberately, a cocktail just as deadly as this gun. when challenged about selling such a lethal mix, he insisted that if users didn't buy from him, they would from someone else. >> we mix fentanyl with the cocaine to make it better and to make the junkies come back faster than they usuly come back, and make it stronger and re potent. it is very deadly, so if you m fentanyl with it, you know what risk you are taking with the life you are selling it to. they ain't gotta kw if it is fentanyl in there or not, but nine times out of 10 it might be. nick: users at the chicago party d't know what they are snorting. while heroin with fentanyl is the biggest killer, the number of cocaine andentanyl overdose
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deaths has doubled over the past year across illinois. it is extraordinary how brazen this business cabe. these dealers connected with the mexican cartel has setp shop in a car in downtown chicago. >> it is a lucrative business. nick:ma they sell wha regard as a party drug in the more affluent districts in the city, but they say mixing in fentanyle with cocaiakes no sense because it risks killing off the client base of recreational users.ab >> if you thint it, everyby around us right now may be consumers. if they don't consume today, .ey will consume tomorrow if somebody doesn't die today, somebody will die tomorw. if that hits the streets. it is going to impact our neighborhood and our whole city and our whole country. it is going to hit us ke a bulldozer, i tell you that much. it is going to knock off the charts. it is that deadly.
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nick: from downtown chicago to the streets of peoria in central nois. reports of a shooting brings a rush of speed, but for an officer, no rush of adrenaline. drug-related gunfire is mundane, a staple of almost every shift, and as so often happens, the shoor gets away. >> these happen every day. nick: late la year peoria witnessed a spike in overdoses caused by crack cocaine mixed withentanyl, and across america there has been an alarming resurgence in cocaine-related deat exacerbated by this deadly opioid. >> a lot of them don't care. what they are worried about is selling a product, a if they tell it cheaper, that is w fentanyl allows them to do, or it is easier to obtain. nick: this has become anotherre curring police duty, attending to a drug overdose'
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>> le's get some narcan down here. nick: all officers carry narcan, a drug that brings addicts back inom the dead. crimefighters areasingly becoming medical first responders. >>le always knew that fenta was something that was purposely placed in the heroin products, but being moved er to the cocaine product was scary. nick: law enforcement officials are fighting a losing battle, and the scale of the problem is terrifying. >> some people call it an epidemic. i really think we are at and ic level. nick: it's that grown? >> yea nick: and when you first saw w cocaine th mixed with fentanyl, what was your
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response? >> scared the crap out of me. this opioid crisis, the fentanyl isis, it wants everyone. it is the devil itself. ni: fentanyl has already killed the son of sharon, and spwhen we asked if we coulk to other affected families, more than 40 people turned . >> my son was joshua. >> i'm the sister. >> my son. my son's name was cody gillis. he died of a heroin-fentanyl overdose. he died three weeks before his 19th birthday. >> 30 years old, passed away march 2 of this year, cocainent and yl overdose. >> passed away due to fentanyl and cocaine. >> my biggest fear is burying another one, and i almost did that last week again.
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thcrisis is real. >> my son was somebody. he was a good person. nick: do you think he would have taken that drug if he had any idea it was laced with ftanyl? >> no, why would you risk death? no, he had too much to live fo >> i go to bed and pray every night that i don't wake up and get that phone call again. i don't know. >> it hurts. we lose, and they don't realize that families have to go on carrying the pain the rest of their life. nick: dusk fades in tonight in
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night in downtown peoria, and the overdoses keep on coming. more americans died last from drug overdoses than were killed in afghanistan, iraq, and vietnam, all those wars combined. this truly is a national emergency, because no communityn and no gation is immune.bc nick bryant,ews, illinois. jane: a grim reminder of the cruel toll of america's opioid epidemic. americans went to the polls three weeks ago, but the midterm elections are not quite over yet. mississippi is holding a special vote tdetermine if incumbent cindy hyde-smith will return to the senate. but her race against african-american mike espy has been orshadowed by her comments about public hangings, and that has reopened o wounds
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in a state with a difficult history of race relations. the bbc's chris buckler reports. chris: the politics of modern america can feel chained to the past. at the national memorial for peace and justice, they make aem point ofbering decades of racial division and race attacks. there are 800 steel monuments hanging here, one for everyone one where lynchings took place including many in mississippi. it is that history that has made supposedly lighthearted comments about a nging so controversial. chris: cindy hyde-smith, a republican candidate in today's senate election, has since apologized for her choice of words. but at polling stations today, there were some voters reluctant to forgive her. i thought they were ver hurtful.
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very hurtful.u know, we have come a long way, and everybody needs to learn to love and get along with each other.wa so ivery hurtful. >> time to let it go. should not evene coming out from anybody's mouth, no matter what. we hold onto it in mississippi. chris: race has become an issue in an election where mike espy is african-american, and some companies have asked cindy hyde-smith to return their donations. reflectments did not the value of the company. her comments don't reflect th s value of ourtate. chris: president trump flew in to mississippi on the eve of the election to hold not one, but two rallies. this should be a safe republican seat, but cindy hyde-smith's comments have made the outcome of the vote anything butai ce this campaign, this election, it is not about me, it is about the
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people of mississippi, it is about wh what you care about. chris: that is a direct appeal to the values of conservative voters. >> i'm voting for the best pundidate that the lord ha on my mind. i'm not happy with some things she has said or done, but she is the better candidate. >> there is a difference in a public hangi and a lynching. this narrative that has been drawn about her use of the term "public hanging" -- she is referring to a lawful execution. the way she made her comme the gentleman invited her to a public hanging, she would be in the front row. chris: we don't have public hangings. >> we need to. we need to. chris: some feel america has atill to face up to its past. in mississippi, th history could have an impact on today's vote. jane a short time ago i spoke with chris, who is in mississippi. how close is this race, and ey is mike esn with a chance against somebody who should be winning?
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chris: this should be a safe republican seat. certainly if you look at the polls, indications are that cindy hyde-smith is far ahead. but it is the difficulty of working out just how these comments will play. talking to people at polling stations this morninere are many who have been motivated by it. certainly there are democrats re is a chance, that these controversial comments could put some of her vote in doubt. at the same time, president trump has been here, hol rallies in the state, all toth also suggests -- also trsuggests that he ing to get his base support out, too, and that is having something of an impact as well. there were queues outside polling stations this money. -- this morning. it seems to have gone prettyle steady as peontinue to vote here. e ne: has this election become all about race or ere other factors? chris: there are always other uctors, and certainly if listen to cindy hyde-smith
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during those rallies, she was talking about the conservative values that e believes republicans here hold very dear and very important in their hearts. nonetheless, you get this real sense that race is overs this.g certainly the controversial mments have made headlines. ig was at the pollations this morning and there was absolutely no doubt that many people have comepu out and are ing their votes in because they have listened to these comments and they have reacted one way or the other to them. it does also give you the sense that the democrats and republicans have managed to get the ba out in the election. jane: my colleague chris buckler joining me from missppi. quick look at the.ays of the ne three americans helping to train afghan security forces have been killed in an explosion in afghanistan. three other members the nato-led mission and a civilian contractor, all-american were wounded in the blast which was
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caused by and revisexplosive device. the british academic free from jail in the uned arab emirates sterday has arrived back in britain. matthew hedges' wife tweeted this picture of the couple reunited, adding that they has been through hell and back and would appreciate space to catch up on much-needed rest. a man who launched a frontal attack-- shrapnel bomb on a bus carrier football club has been senteed to 12 years prison. he was found guilty of 28 consulate tended murder. he admitted to carrying out the attack last year. two people were wounded. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonigm,'s prog a showdown on the road. president trump is threatening general motors over his plan to close plants and c just over its plan tose clo -- megyn general motors over its plan to
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close plants. climate changele are off-track according to the united nations system last year green horse gases reached a and then is not jus due to emissions. the food we eat has an impact. aporter: every breath from cow releases metne, most from the front end, not the back. because methane forms the planet, the more we eat meat and every products, the moris temperatures in. cow came she was eating. reporter: the professor explains .> she had five belches reporter: it sp-- each spike is a burp. >> there has been a huge increase in meat and milk consumption.
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need strategy for sustainably producing that meat and milk. reporter:in one option is a special supplements to the feed. some of them make the cows a lot less gassy. technically it is possible to reduce the extra very amount of meane cows produce. on its own double not be enough to head off the work of global warming. comes down to the highly controversial question of what we choose to eat. he helps the supermarkets to work out their climate costs. the differences are striking. >> making the switch from beef proteins plant-based is about 1/5ar0 of the cn footprint. reporter: his advice is to eat more of this and check if the produce is british and in season. he and other experts say they don't want to preach about the fruits, but if we want to tackle climate change, we need to eat
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less of this. vid shukman, bbc news. jane: president trump is m reatening to withdraw government funds fneral motors after the company said it would close five factories and axe thousands of jobs. in a tweet, mr. trump said, "the u.s. saved general motors and this is the thanks we get. we're looking at cutting all gm subsidies including electric cars." he goes onto to say that he is here to protect america's workers. micheline maynard has written multipleks boo on the auto industry. i spoke to her earlier. eare th threats going to make tany differen what gm is doing? micheline: general motors is a publicly held company and it has to operate in e best interest all of its shareholders, its constituents, the communities where it does business. we have never had an american president dictate how a public company does business.
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i really don't think it will make that much differee this time. jane: what is causing these factory closures? micheline: general motors, like other carmakers, has decided to focuon big vehicles -- suvs and pickup trucks. these factories make cars. cars are not selng in as large si numbers as they used to come and gm made the de that they have to close the assembly plants and others that support them. jane: is this an inevitable thing, or is there something president trump could actuallyo doing these jobs back? micheline: there's not reallyn much he , because the company can only keep a factory going if it is profitable to do so.yb we are now in the 40th faar of seeing american car companies close ories in the e ited states and canada. it is really a lwnward that began about 40 yes ago and is continuing. i will say that people were very
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surprid by the announcement this week. we knew general motors was going to cut salaried jobs, but we had no idea that so many factories were on the ne. jane: these factories are in places where mr. tmp got considerable support from voters. duringmise that he ma the campaign about making sure these jobs would stay, was this a hollow promise? micheline: it was an impossible promise to keep, and there areo ctors here. first of all, canada also gaveo helpneral motors when it was bankrupt to help it back on its feet.he of course,.s. government did as well, billions and billions of dollars. when mr. trump campaigned in 2016 he made a numbe promises to old industries in the united states -- coal is another one, steel is another one -- that these jobs would come back. economists and experts say that completely out of hand. jane: how bad could this get? micheline:'m hoping for the sake of these communities that this is finished. but the ford motor company says
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they don't plan job cuts. we don't really know what er is doing. it is conceivable that if the u.s. enters a recession in a year or two that we could see some more cuts. jane: not much hope for workers in the near term. micheline: i think if you are working in a factory whose vehicles are selling like the big trucks and suv's, you have near-term security. a but 10 yea the u.s. government spent all this money to save two of the car companies and it basically bought some of these workers a 10-year reprieve. jane: thank you for joining me. micheline: thank you for having me. one of britain's most colorful politicians has died at age 96. baroness trumpington was a world war ii code breasmr and a chaiing straight talker who served for decades in the house of lords. colleagues described her as one of a kind. our deputy political editor reports. reporter: always in her place in
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the house of lords, always the same. >> so lucky to be here. reporter: as david cameron said, they just don't make politician. like that anym wartime code breaker, oldest woman to be a government minister, and even after a long fe, a youtube sensation. the grainy black-and-white photos tell of a colorful past. land girl on the form of former pm david lloyd george during world war . then a member of the legendary code breaking team. >> churchill visited us and said, "you are the goose that -- the birds that laid the golden eggs but never cackled." that was the important thing, that we never talked. reporter: never conventional, though. fe to a headmaster, one day
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fully clothed at the school pool. >> i jumped, andjualf the school ed in to save me. my husband wouldn't speak to me for three weeks. >> why did you do it? >> just for the hell of it. reporter: she was made a peer i 1980, seemoud to stand up to the iron lady margaret goatcher. >> we were reall friends. wibut if i didn't agre her about something, i said so. and that was very good for her. reporter: she chain-smoked her way thro departments and then came fame, telling her tales on prime time tv. sign a piece of paper to show i wasn't pregnant. [laughter] reporter: why the fame? well, watch this. >>he and and survivors of world war ii started to look pretty old as well. reporter: a tory peer say she was a revered relic of world war ii, and her silent reply. that picture went viral on youtube.
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complementary tributes are normal. are not always as warm today's for trumpinon. jane: what a spectacular person. you can find all the day's news on a website. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical vids are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe ur way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the test headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> a new chapter begins. >> now you can access more of your favorite pbs shows than ever before, with pbs passport, a member benefit that lets you binge many
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of the latest shows and catch up on your favorites. >> we really are living in the modern world. >> anyme you want. >> wow, how out that? >> anywhere you are. >> there is literally nothing like this in the world. >> support your pbs station and get passport. your ticket to the best of pbs. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judyoodruff. on the newshour tonight, the special counsel in theussia investigation charges that president trump's former campaign cirman repeatedly lied even after a plea deal. then, we're on the ground in northern california as crews continue to comb through the ashes of the deadliest fire in state history. and, school's out-- for good. we visit some of the many small towns where shrinking populations have led to school closures. >> it's a numbers game. and it's a numbers game because student headcount dictates how we're financed. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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