tv BBC World News America PBS November 27, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PST
>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, icd kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for a's neglected needs. >> this fall, it is a season of revelatis, from the choice of america's favorite novel. >> it's 100 books we want people to take a look at. we are hing to get people to fall in love with novels again. >> to the fate of a hero's love. >> i'm still here. >> and i. >> from the secret lives of the most amazing cats to new discoveries about the firs peoples of the americas.
>> our history goes back to the beginning of time. >> all this and more, this season. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. crisis in chicago. how illegal truck makes -- how a fueling themix is opioid crisis gripping the u.s. >> my biggest fear is burying another one, and i almost did that last week. ie crisis is real. jane: election dayn mississippi, where the battle for the senate reopens wounds from the state's troubled racial history. remembering a code breaker a groundbreaker. british politician and youtube sensation baroness trumpington dies at the age of 96.
jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. thousands of people die every year as a result of opioid crisis that cuts a swathe across the s. tonight we focus on chicago, where there has been a disturbing irease in the figures. last year the city emergency services responded to an average 21 drug-related incidents a day, and overdoses claimed re lives than gun crime or traffic accidents. cocaine is adding to the problem, especially when mixed with fentanyio a synthetic 15 times stronger than morphine. nick bryant reports from chicago, and you may find some of these images disturbing. nick: chicago, illinois, is one of america's proudest cities, but it is also one of the most deadly.
close to the downtown skyscrapers are districts such as the south side and west side eat sometimes feel less l neighborhoods and more like urban combat zones. so many of the deaths are drug-related in just o weekend 70 people were wounded in shootings, 12 of them killed. this alleyway has been the scene ivof recent by attacks. no wonder the gang's security. detail we have come here not to talk lyout gang warfare, but to find out about a dead new product that has hit the streed , cocaine lath the deadly opioid fentanyl. we're here that -- we are hearing that fentanyl is being mixed into cocaine. >> right now it is mixed into everythi right now. it is in cocaine, heroin, pills, you know what i'm saying?
know it is insers cocaine? >> most people don't. if they k dw they would overdose. nick: it is a lethal combination. >> yeah, it is a bad combination.ck traveling from the east side to the southside of chicago.es one on we are looking to get the answer to is why fentanyl is being mixed with cocaine. is it an attempt by dealers to expand the market by hooking users on an opioid, it accidental, cross-contamination cross-contamination thru cutting the batches on the same table? this is what is called a trap house. the backstre workplaces where dealers produce and sell drugs. in this case, crack cocaine. this dealer told us that fentanyl is being mixed in
deliberately, a cocktail just as deadly as this gun. when challenged about selling such a lethal mix, he insisted that if users didn't buy fromm, hey would from someone else.x >> we ntanyl with the cocaine to make it better and to make the junkies come back faster than they usually come back, and make it stronger and more potent. it is very deadly, so if you mix fentanyl with it, you know what risk you are takinouwith the lifere selling it to. they ain't gotta know if it is fentanyl in there or not, but nine times out of . it might be nick: users at the chicago party don't know what they are snorting. while heroin with fentanyl is the biggestum killer, the nr of cocaine and fentanyl overdosh deaths doubled over the past year across illinois. it is extraordinary how brazen this business can be.co
these dealerected with the mexican cartel has set up shop in a car in downtown chicago. >> it is a lrative business. nick: they sell what many regard as a party drug in the more affluent districts in the city, but they say mixing in fentanyl with cocaine makes no sense because it risks killing off the client base of recreational users. >> if you think about it, everybody around us right now may be consumers. if they don't consume today, they will consume tomorrow. if somebody doesn't die today, somebody will die tomorrow. if that hits the streets. toit is goinmpact our neighborhood and our whole city and our whole country. it is going to hit us like aze bull i tell you that much. it is going to knock off the arts. it is that deadly. tock: from downtown chicag the streets of peoria in central
illinois. reports of a shooting brings a rush of speed, but for an officer, no rush of adrenaline. drug-related gunfire is mundane, a staple of almost every shift, and as so often happens, the shooter gets away. >> these happen every day. nick: late last year peoria witnessed a spike in overdoses caused by crack cocaine mixed with fentanyl, and across america there has been an alarming resurgence in cocaine-related deat exacerbated by this deadly opioid. >> a lot of them don't care. what they are worried about is selling a product, and if they emll it cheaper, that is what fentanyl allows th to do, or it is easier to obtain. nick: this has become another direcurring police duty, ang to a drug overdose. 's get some narcan down here.
nick: all officers carry narcan, a drug that brings addicts back from the dead. crimefighters arincreasingly becoming medical first responders. >> we always knew that fentanyl was something that was purposely placed in the heroin products, but being moved over to thepr cocaine uct was scary. nick: law enforcement officialss are fighting ag battle, and the scale of the problem is terrifying. >> some people call it an epidemic. i really think we are at a ndemic level. nick: it's that grown? >> yea nick: and when you first saw cocaine th was mixed with fentanyl, what was your response? >> scared the cr out of me.
this opioid crisis, the fentanyl crisis, it wants everyone. it is the devil itself. nick: fentanyl has already killed the son of sharon, and when we asked if we could speak to other affected families, more than 40 people turned up. >> my son was joshua. >> i'm the sister. >> my son. >> my son's name was cody gillis. he died of a heroin-fentanyl overdose. >> he died three weeks before his 19th birthday. >> 30 years old, passed away march 2 of this year, cocaine and fentanyl overdose. >> passed away due to fentanyl and cocaine. buryingiggest fear i another one, and i almost did that last week again. the crisis is real.>>
y son was somebody. he was a good person. nick: do you think he would havf taken that drue had any idea it was laced with fentanyl? >> no, why would youdeath? no, he had too much to live for. >> i go to bed and pray every nip t that i don't waked get that phone call again. i don't know. >> it hurts. we lose, and they don't realize that families have to go on carrying the pain the rest of their life. nick: dusk fades in tonight in night in downtown
peoria, and the overdoses keep on coming. s re americans died last year from drug overdoan were killed in afghanistan, iraq, and vietnam, all those wars combined. this truly is a national emergency, because no community and no generation is immune. nick bryant, bbc news, illinois. jane: a grim reminder of the cruel toll of america's opioid epidemic. ntamericans o the polls three weeks ago, but the midterm elections are not quite over yet. mississippi is holding a special vote to determine if incumbent cindy hyde-smith will return to the senate.ce but her gainst african-american mike espy has been overshadowed by her comments about public hangings, and that has reopenedld wounds in a state with a difficult history of race relations. the bbc's chris buckler reports.
chris: the politics of modern america can feel chained to the past. at the nional memorial for peace and justice, they make a point of remembering decades of racial divisioand race attacks. there are 800 steel monuments hanging here, one for everyone one where lynchings took place including many in mississippi. it is that history that has made supposedly lighthearted comments about a hanging soro corsial. chris: cindy hyde-smith, aan republicandidate in today's senate election, has sinceor apologizeder choice of words. rst at polling stations today, there were some voeluctant to forgive her. >> i thought they were very hurtful. very hurtful. you know, we have come a long way, and everybody needs to
learn to love and get along with each other. so it was very hurtful. >> time let it go. should not even be coming out from anybody's mouth, no matter what. we hold onto it in mississippi. chris: race has become an issue in an election where mike espy is african-american, and some companies have asked cindyhy -smith to return their donations. reflectomments did notth value of the company. her comments don't reflect the value of our state. chris: president trump flew in to mississippi on the eve of the election to hold not one, but two rallies. this should be a safe republican seat, but cindy hyde-smith's coents have made the outco of the vote anything but certain. this campaign, this election, it is not aboute, it is about the people of mississippi, it is about what you believe in and what you care about. chris: that is a direct appeal
to the values of cservative voters. >> i'm voting for the best candidate that the lord has put on my mind. i'm not happy with some things she has said or done, but she is the better candidate.he >> is a difference in a public hanging and a lynching. this narrative that has beent drawn abr use of the term "public hanging" -- she is referring to a lawful execution. the way she made her comment, if the gentleman invited her to a public hanging, she would be in the front row. chris: we don't have public hangings. >> we need to. we need to. chris: some feel america has still face up to its past. in mississippi, that history could have an impact on today's vote. jane: a short time ago i spoke withis, who is in mississippi. how close is this race, and why is mike espy even with a chance against somebody who should be winning? chris: this should be a safe republican seat.
certainly if you look at the polls, indications are that cindy hyde-smith is far ahea but it is the difficulty of working out just how these comments will play. talking to people at polling stations this morning were are many have been motivated by it. rtainly there are democrats who see that there is a chance, that these controversial comments could put some of her vote in doubt. at the same time, president trump has been here, holding two rallies in the state, all to this also suggests -- also suggests that he ihitrying to gebase support out, too, and that is having something of an impact as well. there were queues outside polling stations this money. -- this morning. it seems to have gone pretty steady as pele continue to vote here. jane: has this election become all about race or e there other factors? chris: there are always other factors, and certainly if you listen to cindy hyde-smith during those rallies, she was talking about the conservative values that she believesic
repus here hold very dear and very important in their hearts. nonetheless, you get this real sense that race is overshadowing this. certainly the controversial comments have made hea. i was at the polling stations this morning and there was absolutely no doubt that many people have come out and are auputting their votes in b they have listened to these comments and they have reacted one way or the other to them. it does also give you the sense that the democrats and republicans have managed to get the base out in the election. jane: my colleague chris buckler joining me from mississippi. quick look at the days of the newser three ans helping to train afghan security forces have been killed in an explosion in afghanistan. three other members of the nato-led mission and a civilian contractor, all-american were wounded in the blast which was caused by and revise explosive device.
the britishcademic free from jail in the united arab emirates yesterday has arrived back e tthew hedges' wife tweeted this picture of uple reunited, adding that they has been through hell and back and would appreciate space to catch up on much-needed rest. a man who launched a frontal attack-- shrapnel bomb on a bus has been sentenced to 12 years in prison. he was found guilty of 28 consulate tended murder. dmheted to carrying out the attack last year. two people were wounded. tcyou are ng "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's progm, a showdown on the road. president trump is threatening sut just over plan to close -- togyn general over its plan to close plants. climate changele
are off-track according to the nations system last yea green horse gases reached a record high and then is not just due to emissions. the food we eat has an impact. aporter: every breath from coweleases methane, most from the front end, not the back. becauseha met forms the planet, the more we eat meat and every products, the more temperatures rise. in. cow came she was eating. reporter: the professor explains what they found. .> she had five belches reporter: it sp-- each spike is a burp. >> there has been a huge increase in meat and milk consumption. i think we need strategy for sustainably producing that meat d milk. reporter: one option is adding
special supplements to the feed. some of them make the cows a lot less gassy. technically it is possible to reduce the extra very amount of methane cows produce. i own double not be enough to head off the work of global warming. comes down to the highly controversial question of what we choose to eat. he helps the supermarkets to work out their cmate costs. the differences are striking. >> making the switch from beef proteinsto plant-based is about 1/50 of the carbon footprint. reporter: his advice is to eat more of this and check if the produce is british and season. he and other expn'ts say they 't want to preach about the fruits, but if we want to tackle climate change, we need eat less of this. david shukman, bbc news.
jane:resident trump is threatening to withdraw government funds from general motors after the company said it would close five factories and axe thousands of jobs. in a tweet, mr. trump said, "the u.s. saved general motors an this is the thanks we get. we're looking at cutting all gm subsidies including electric cars." he goes onto to say that he is here to protect america's workers. micheline maynard has written multiple binks on the auto stry. i spoke to her earlier. are thes threats going to make any differenceo what gm is doing? micheline: general motors is a publicly held company and it has to operate in the best interest of all of its shareholders, its constituts, the communities where it does business. we have never had an american president dicte how a public company does business. i really don't think it will make that much difference this time. jane: what is causing these factory closures?
micheline: general motors, like her carmakers, has decided to focus on big vehicles -- suvs and pickup trucks. these factories make cars. cars are not selling in as large of numbers as they used to come and gm made the de hsion that the to close the assembly plants and others that support them. jane: is this an inevitable thing, or is there something president trump could actually doo bring these jobs back? micheline: there's not really much he n do, because the company can only keep a factory going if it is profitable to do so. we are now in maybe the 40th year of seeing american car companies close factories in the united states and canada. it is really a line downward that began about 40 years ago and is continuing. i will say that people were very surprised by the announcementth week. we knew general motors was going to cut salaried jobs, but we had no idea that so many factories were on the line.
jane: these factories are in places where mr. trump got considerable support from voters. the promise that he made during the campaign about making sure these jobs would stay, was this a hollow promise? micheline: it was an impossible promise to keep, and there are twfactors here. first of all, canada also gave help tgeneral motors when it was bankrupt to help it back on its feet. of course, the u.s. government did as welbi billions and ions of dollars. when mr. trump campaigned in 2016 he made a number d promises to dustries in the united states -- coal is another one, steel is another one -- that these jobs would come back. economists and experts say that is completely out of hand. jane: how bad could this get? micheline: i'm hoping for the sake of these communities thats thisnished. but the ford motor company says they don't plan job cuts.
we don't really know what thrysler is doing. it is conceivabl if the u.s. enters a recession in a year or two that we could see some more cuts. jane: not much hope for workers in the near term. micheline: i think if you are working in a factory whose ehicles are selling like big trucks and suv's, you have near-term security. but 10 yearsgo the u.s. government spent all this money to save two of the car companies and it basically bought some of e thrkers a 10-year reprieve. jane: thank you for joining me. micheline: y tha for having me. one of britais most colorful politicians has died at age 96. baroness trumpington was a world war ii code breaker and a chain- who served for decades in the house of lords. colleagues described her as one of a kin our deputy political editor reports. reporter: always in her place in the house of lords, always the same. >> so lucky to be here.
reporter: as david cameron said, they just don't make politicians like that anymore. wartime code breaker, oldest woman to be a government minister, and even after a long life, a youtube sensation. the grainy black-and-white photos tell of a colorful past. land girl on the form of former pm david lloyd george during world war ii. then a member of the legendary code breaking team. churchill visited us and said, "you are the goose that -- the birds that laid the golden eggs but never cackled." that was the important thing, that we never talked. reporter: never conventional, though. wife to a headmaster, y fully clothed at the school pool. >> i jumped, and half the school jumped in to save me. my husband wouldn't speak to me
for the weeks. >> why did you do it? >> just for the hell of it. reporter: she was made a peer in 1980, seemg proud to stand up to the iron lady margaret thatcher. >> we were reallgood friends. but if i didn't agre about something, i said so. d that was very good for her. aireporter: she smoked her way through several government departments and then came fame, tellinge her tales on prme tv. sign a pioe paper to show i wasn't pregnant. [laughter] reporter: why the fame? well, watch this. >> and andhe survivors of world war ii started to look pretty old as well. reporter: a tory peer say she was a vered relic of world war ii, and her silent reply. that picre went viral on youtube. complementary tributes are normal. they are not always as warm
today's for trumpington jane: what a spectacular person. you canl finthe day's news on a website. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "world news america >." > with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed toa workund your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way throughf the news othe day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by e freeman foundation, vler foundation, pursuin solutions for america's neglected needs. >> a new chapter begins. >> now you canccess more of your favorite pbs shows than ever before, with pbs passport, a member benefit that lets you binge many of the latest shows and catch up on your favorites. >> we really are living in themo rn world.
captioning sponsory newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening,f.'m judy woodr on the newshour tonight, the spial counsel in the russi investigation charges that president trump's former campaign chairman repeatedly lied even after a plea deal. then, we're on the ground in northern california as crews continue to comb through the ashes of the deadlst fire in state history. and, school's out-- for good. we visit some of the mansmall towns where shrinking populations have led to school closures. >> it's a numbers game. and it's a numbers game because student headcount dictates how we're financed. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.